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HORSE MEAT NOW ON SALE IN NEW YORK
A store solely for thet sale of horse meat has Itbeen ip eld il New York city anld alread i. doing a brisk busi
ness, chiefly with Europeans who learned to eat horseflesh before they came to America. The slaughtering of the
animals and the shop itself are under the supervision of the health department.
CENTER OF THE CUBAN REVOLUTIONARY MOVEMENT
This is the city of Santiago de Cuba, where the liberals started a revolutionary movement after the recent
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WILLIAMS' NEW GRANDSON
Joel W. Bunkley. Jr.. is the latest
grandson of Senator John Sharp Wil
liams of Misislsippi. The youngster
is living, with his parents, at Senator
Williams' home in Washington. His
father is a lieutenant in the navy. now
In charge of the only naval recruiting
station in Washington. Mrs. Bunkley
was Miss Sallie Williams, for several
years popular in Washington society.
Don't Trifle With Truth.
When you repeat something which
someone has told you, be careful to
give It the same meaning as the one
who imparted the information.
Often the change of one word puts
an entirely different meaning to a
story, which leaves a wrong impres
If you had a cataract on one eye,
and you contemplated a simple opera
tion in time which would effect a cure,
how would you like to hear that you
had "gone blind?"
Perhaps your father has moved his
business to a distant city where there
is an asylum for the insane. Under
these circumstances how would you
like to hear in a public place that
your father had "gone crazy?" Yet
this very thing happened. An incor
rect intonation gave the impression
that the man had gone to the asylum
and a stupid friend misconstrued the
Some people, too, like to add just a
little sensational touch to whatever
they repent. They think it gives "pep."
Satisfy your vanity in some other
way than perverting the truth.-Pitts
She-Tessle's fellow calls her his
peach an' the apple of his eye. Why
can't you call me things like that?
He--That's all very well, but he's
In the fruit business an' I'm in the
fish trade, remember.
On the Border.
Orderly-Company A is complating
abaot the beans.
Odcer-Whart' the matter with the
old, sir. Oompnt
m a_ s
I pledge allegiance to my
flag and to the Republic
for which it stands; one
nation indivisible with
Liberty and Justice for all
OFFICIAL INAUGURATION MEDAL
This otfficial medul of the second inauguration of President Wilson has
been designed by Miss Loretta Lowenstein, a Washington artist.
Mrs. Von Speederly-You are quite
wrong I do not wish a divorce so
as to marry Jack Van Ness? Not at
Husband-You do not? Then the
cuss has been borrowing from me
under false pretenses!
"What a very plain man Mr. JIaks
"Well, send him down to our lub
same .lght ams we'll ta tht,"
Crowding on Steam.
"Is there any reason for hurry ln
this matter of preparedness?"
"No," replied the military expert
"The time for ordinary hurry has
passed and now it looks like a case of
"A pacifist !a usually obstinate and
"That's all right Those qualities
make him the hardest kind of a 1ghts
when he changes his mind."
FARM LWAN ACT.
IV. Fronm h Pl, t of View of
(By Frak B. I mfdral loan bu
ream, WInrtoa, D. C.)
Farm lands have always been re
garded as the safest security in the
world. But lenas made against farm
lands have gemerally exacted a higher
interest rate than loans on other good
There are ssvul reasons for this.
Such loans are snt readily transfer
able, i. e, marketable. Farm loans
are usually desired for long periods.
A loan for less than five years is usu
ally of little value to the farmer. If
the loan is made for the purpose of
buying land the farmer's chance to
pay it off is to make the money out
of the land. It Is against reason to
expect that land will pay for itself
in five years.
Well-managed commercial banks
cannot make a business of lending
money on farms nacarrying the loans
themselves. It is not good banking.
It ties up their funds in pgnanent
investments and itf persisted in con
tinually would rnla any bank. This
fact limits the supply of local money
fbr farm loans, and partially accounts
for high interest rates on them.
Provides Needed Agency.
The farm lands' of the United States
constitute a great mass of valuable
assets against which money ought to
be borrowed at fair rates of interest
But it has been a chaotic mass of
value. No agency has ever undertak
en'to assemble this mass of assets into
negotiable form so that it could be
readily handled as a marketable se
Now the g~vernment steps in and
provides this agency. It says to the
farmer who wants to use his land as
"You join a national farm loan as
sociation and contribute your mort
gage to a great federal land bank pool
of mortgages. We have provided the
machinery for this purpose and adopt
ed rules for its operation so that the
interest of all will be safeguarded.
When your mortgages are massed to
gether, a federal land bank will take
these mortgages and issue bonds
against them; sell the bonds to inves
tors, and re-lend the money to farm
ers. The pooled mortgages of the
farmers cf the United States will be
security for every bond. The high
character of this security means that
people who have money to invest will
jump at the chance to put their sav
ings up against your security at a
low rate of interest. We will let you
have this money at actual cost to us,
plus not to exceed 1 per cent to cover
the cost of operating this money-as
sembling and money-lending ma
Attractive to the Investor.
Then Uncle Sam turns to the in
vestor and says:
"We have enabled the farmers of
the United States to give us their
massed mortgages. We are offering
you bonds which are In reality first
mortgages against the farms of all
who join this pool. It is the best se
curity in the world, because every dol
lar a farmer borrows is represented
by $2 worth of land plus the stock
each farmer has purchased in his local
association. To make these bonds even
more attractive, so as to eventually
give the farmer a lower interest rate,
we have exempted them from all forms
of taxation. Even Uncle Sam will not
collect any tax from them, nor from
the income upon them. No state or
municipality may tax them. We have
made these bonds in small denomina
tions from $25 upward so their pur
chase will be easy among people with
small savings, and we will have the
bonds printed and engraved by the
government bureau of engraving and
printing to protect them against coun
terfeiting, and the United States se
cret service will watch over them."
So the farm loan act, in addition
to providing money for land purchase
and farm development, provides a new
form of security which ought to be
come one of the most popular In exist
ence, because it is based on the land
values of the entire country.
Mill Employee at Elghty-Nlne,
Lawrence, Mass., boasts of an
elghty-nine-year-old mill worker, the
Boston Globe states. His name Is
George Ainsworth. He has been a
mill operative in one capacity or other
for 79 years. At ten years old he
entered one of the big mills In York
shire, England, where he was born.
He came to America when he was
twenty-three, and has worked in dif
ferent mills in New England as a first
class weaver. For many years he was
an overseer. At present Mr. Ains
worth is employed In the Washington
mill of the American Woolen com
pany as a warp twister.
Mr. Ainsworth's eighty-ninth birth
day anniversary was celebrated by a
full day's work, as usual, from seven
o'clock in the morning to six o'clock
Cause fo' Hilarity.
'Jim Slmpon was sitting at a table
near me the other day with another
man, who was telling the most tire
some stories, and Jim nearly laughee
himself into conynislons"
"No wonder, The man was his rich
Bachelor-What would you suggest
for a distinctive eostume for married
Benedick (qt 25 years' standingl)
"Pm writing a story for one of the
leading magazlns," remarked cSrib
son, with a lofty air. "Indeed," re
plied his caustle riend. "And which
one of the interior masnlnes do you
think will publik ltt--Brminglham
Dealing With Life's Tasks
Take things u as they come It yen
mknow what to do with tham when they
come. It not, make them come 1a the
manner or quslm that yo eaan ham
GOVERNMENT AVIATORS BUSY ON GOVERNOR'S ISLAND
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.cene at the aviation field on Governor's Island, with government aviators prepfaring to make observation
lights over the sea.
Anxious About Panama Canal]
ts Fate in War Time Causing
Some Concern to Those in
LITTLE DANGER FROM U-BOATS
Real Peril Is That One or Two Men
Put Ashore From Submarine Might
Make Way Overland and
Dynamite Lock Gate.
By EDWARD B. CLARK.
(Washington Correspondent of the West
ern Newspaper Union.)
Washington.-Anxiety is evident in
places where anxiety means concern
over the fate of the Panama canal in
It is believed implicitly that if hos
tilities open the German sea power
will strike at the Panama canal. Now
it might be said that the German
navy is in no condition to do damage
to the great waterway. The danger
perhaps is not great, but there is a
danger nevertheless, and it will put
the United States forces on the isth
mus to their keenest endeavor to hold
the locks safe.
Under the present conditions Ger
many can send nothing more formida
ble than big submarines to the waters
about Panama. There probably is no
danger at all that these submarines
can enter the canal and torpedo the
first lock at Gatun.
The peril therefore is not so much
from a direct attack by a submarine
as it is that one man or two men put
ashore from a U-boat might make f
their way overland unseen and dyna
mite a lock gate.
The thing for Germany to do, of
course, from a strategic point of view,
is to close the Panama canal. Through
it daily pass vessels from the west
coast of America laden with supplies,
mainly food, for the allied nations of
Europe. If the canal could be elosed
Germany would be greatly the gainer. I
Now it is possible that an under
the-sea boat might submerge some
where outside of Toro Point break
water and make its way Into the
canal, passing below the surface and
of course unseen by the forts. It is
not known definitely to laymen, how
ever, whether the water is deep
enough for a submarine to -make this
trip with devastation as its end.
Can Easily Be Protected.
If the way is deep enough off the
entrance to the canal to permit a
submarine to dive and to make its
way into the canal channel, the
chances are that the precautions
taken by the canal guards would pre
vent the boat from traversing the wa
terway which is not wide and which
easily can be protected by nets.
A submarine cannot do damage with I
its under-the-water torpedoes unless t
It is fairly close to the object to be
attacked. This, of course, prevents
any U-boat from sending a torpedo
against a lock gate. As a matter of
fact, the first lock gate at Panama on
the Atlantic side is eight miles from
When a submarine comes to the sur
face it can use its small guns for as
sailing purposes, but if it should come I
to the surface at the entrance to the
canal proper It would be too far away
from the locks to do any damage with
Its small guns, and moreover, the min
ute It appeared it would be sunk by
the guns which guard the approaches
to the canal.
For the present at least the only
danger of attack on the Panama canal
is from the Atlantic side. The lock at
Mirafiores near the Pacific end of the
canal is only about a mile distant
from the coast. The Pacific end of
things, however, is today a matter of
small concern to the waterways de
fenders, although, of course, no means
of possible attack is being overlooked.
Recently roads have been built out
through the Jungle from the waterway
to different points near the coast. It
is the Intention eventually, and In part
the work already has been done, to
mount batteries to defend these ave
nues of approach. There was a long
discussion at the beginning of things
as to whether or not the Jungle should
not be allowed to grow up and thus
form an impediment to a foe who had
landed a force somewhere on the coast
with a view to an overland attack on
Real Danger to Canal.
The Jungle has been cut away in
large part, for the first thought con
cerning it as a means of defense was
given over. In fact army officers say
it would afford the best kind of a cover
for an approaching enemy. The dan- I
ger to the canal, as dangers look at I
present, does not come from the pos
siblllty of an attack by a large armed 1
REDS BREAK THE GAME LAWS
"We Must Eat," Says Chief, But They
Are Given Ninety Days
Redding, CaL--"We must eat "
Thus a proud old Indian chleft
echoed the defense of another leader, s
and one not without political fame, 4
when Chief Alemander was asked in
poluce court why he and three Wintun
tlbesmnen had broken the white man's
force of land troops, nor from a di
rect attack by a submarine. The dan
ger is that some under-the-sea boat
might land one or two men or possibly
half a dozen men at some point not far
from the waterway and trust to them
to make their way to the locks there
to plant their dynamite, to detonate it
and to render the canal useless for
months as a commerce way.
The fortifications defending the
canal approaches on both sides of the
isthmus are twentieth-century de
fenses. The gray and green forts of
Toro Point and Marguerlta island on
the Atlantic side, and on the islands of
Naos, Flamenco, Perlco and Culebra
on the Pacific side it is believed will
serve as all sufficient bulwarks against
a direct sea attack if the United States
navy should be overcome and enemy
ships should move in to the assault.
There is a brigade of troops under
the command of Brig. Gen. Clarence R.
Edwards on the isthmus today. There
are enough men there to man the ar
tillery, both heavy and light, and the
force seemingly is sufficient to guard
against raiding parties tent on de
stroying the locks. Of course in case
of an attempt by a few men "to crawl
into the attack" the thing resolves it
self into one of extreme watchfulness.
It is known that a heavy cordon of
guards has been thrown around vul
nerable places along the isthmus right
Masters Static Wireless Puzzle
Professor Pupin of Columbia
Makes System Available De
HAS MANY NOTED INVENTIONS
Remarkable Career Begun as Poor Imn
migrant Boy Has Crowning Glory
Pupin Coil Most Remarkable
of His Achievements.
New York.-Prof. Michael L Pupin
of (olumbia university has just de
vised and will soon announce a perfect
method of eliminating static interfer
ence with wireless transmission. This
interference has been the great draw
back to wireless telegraphy since that
means of communicution was in
The new invention, if it accomplishes
perfectly its object, will be listed as
one of the most important electro
physical discoveries ever made. Un
der present conditions it is often im
possible to got wireless messages
through for days because of atmospher
ic and other physical interferences,
and at all times of the year
during portions of the day trans
mission is impossible. Professor Pu
pin's invention, however, is intended to
make it possible to use the wireless for
24 hours a day every day in the year.
The importance of the invention in
time of war is incalculable.
Came as an Immigrant
The invention became'knOwn recent
ly when Columbia university alumni
gave a testimonial dinner to Professor
Pupin at Delmonlco's. Although the
dinner was arranged primarily for en
gineering graduates, all alumni of all
schools were asked to honor the man
who, as an immigrant boy, landed at
Castle Garden in the fall of 1874.
Professor Pupin thus singled out by
Columbia to be honored as its fore
most contributor to science and en
gineering, has a unique place in Co
lumbia's history. Dr. Cary T. Hutch
inson, in the Columbia Alumni News,
sketches his life.
When the boy landed at the Bat
tery he, wearing a red fez, started up
Broadway. Newsboys began to poke
fun at him; there was a fight, which
the immigrant *on. He went back to
the Battery and was taken as a labor
er to Maryland; there he drove a mule
team. He worked his way back to New
York, usually serving as a hired man
In New York Pupin, the youth, got
any work possible, studying nights and
reading the newspapers assiduously.
He attended night school at Cooper
Union, saving his money, and by 1879
he had $311 hoarded. He took an ex
amination for Columbia and won a
scholarship. He was graduated in
four years and then he studied in Eng
land and Germany.
Devised Wireless Tuning.
In 1888 he was asked to become pro
fessor on the theoretical side of a
new course in electrical engineering.
Since then his inventions have
been many and important. One of
The Indians were charged with kill
ing a deer out of season. Officers dies
covered five carcasses of deer near an
Indian cabin at Salt creek. Chief Al
exander admitted that he and his men
had slain the deer, but he claimed they
had a right to kill game and fish at
will because "We must eat." He made
a speech to the court, gesticulating
dramatically. He held his head high
and confessed in a most dignified
He and his tribesmen were s
tenced to 90 days in fail.
PLAN BIGGER OUTPUT
OF SOLDIERS' SHIRTS
Jeffersonville, Ind. - In the
past month the 3.000 women em
ployed in the United States
army quartermaster's depot here
have manufactured about 104.000
olive-drab shirts for soldiers. The
women received $44.000 for their
work. Lieutenant Colonel W. S.
Wood hopes to increase the out
put to a half million garments
Ten guards have been placed
on duty at the government plant
since thethreak of diplomatic re
lations with Germany, fearing
violence from fanatics. It is ex
pected. that several four-story
steel and concrete buildings will
he erected for use of the depot.
Colored Girls Ushers.
Terre Haute, Ind.-Young colored
girls have been employed as ushers
at the Grand Opera house, taking the
place of boys. They wear black dresses,
white aprons and caps
Gus Didn't Get Papers.
Jersey City, N. J.-"What Is the
Constitution of the United States?"
"Rugged and healthy," answered
(lus Johnson, Russian Finn applicant
ror naturalization papers. He didn't
get his papers.
them is an invention in wireless tun
ing, practiced universally today in
Professor Pupin was the first in this
country to take up the study of X-ray;
he was the first in this country to re
peat the Roentgen experiments, and
the first to use the X-ray practicplly
for surgical purposes. Probably his
most impolrtant invention is the Pupin
coil, universally ised in telephony and
telegraphy, which has done more to ex
tend the sphere of telephonic work
than all other inventions together, and
which makes possible telephone talk
from New York to San Francisco.
FIGHTS TO SAVE WI4ISKERS
James Boyce, Civil war veteran and
watchman in the halls of the state de
partment, will either change his job
or shave his whiskers, if Col. W. W.
Harts, superintendent of public build
ings and grounds, orders are to be in.
forced. However, the old fighter has
not lost any of his spirit, for Senator
Brandegee of Connecticut has inter.
ceded in an effort to save one of the
finest sets of whiskers and relics d
the battle of Bull Run.
Nash Can Talk Now.
.Yonkers, N. Y. - Assemblyman
George Blakely Nash had trouble
speaking for some months. The other
day he sputtered, sneezeil and coughed
up an artificial tooth and hard rubber
plate he swallowed nine months ago
Now he can talk without difflliculty. "
Poot Fee Became a Fortune.
Okmulgee, Okla.-James T. Wilboli
and his son, J. C. Wilhoit, whife,prac
ticing law here, received as a fee fog
their services In a case a one-half in.
terest in a tract of 100 acres of almost
worthless land. Recently a rich strike
of oil and gas made near this land
caused it to Jump in value. Mr. WU.
holt has leased the 80 acrese g
and one-eighth of all the e that nW
American paeere ms r A