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GERMANY'S PLANS Remarkable Mobility of Britain's ":' Army Defeats Strategy of Hindenburg. TRACTORS THE BIG FACTOR, it German General Staff Failed to Cal. i:l culate Quick Repair of Roads and itf Immediate Advance of Light I and Heavy Artillery. By JUDSON C. WELLIVER, fir Correi.pondent o the Ne.w Y1 rk sun. i j Loetion.-All the world ieiendere'd tnt]d iobolell y i 'more- than Mar-lhail 1lit- ire dent urg-that tihe British were able to keep instaintly :ail (contantly right on the liehlees of the rettreatin g Gertias after the recenrt eViilt.lutiol t f the ter ritory back ft" the Illrpatunl-l','erlonne i, linte. Th'te thing didn't full out tat all p as the I;erlttirin general stalT ihadl fore- r,: s.eenl. Th'll se imasters of the' artt of <, \tir haid carefully catlulated that when h i they yielded a very little grouiid after I r having first de'stroyed villages, hi,\ll th up roadtls alnl furrowed the terrain with ii trenches and shellholes it would take ha at least a serIes ,of weeks for the British to bring up their forces and prepare ev for a new attack. This was the whole Ill strategy of the establishment of the li new Iilndenburg line. p:l The weakness of lliltdenburg's cal- dr culatlon was that he kniew too mlluch about the established and accepted In rules of war and too little abtout Eng- ry lish and American Ingenullty in pro- th ducing the new types of \\ ar achine of which nlike it peossille for an army th nowadaliys to tmovie faster than It ever ul could before. wV Caterpillar tractors, as big as a re- of spectable locomlotive, make it possible tt to do thilngs with even the biggest at howitzers that were undreamted of N even when this war began. Tractors the Big Factors. I have seen a couple of tlhese levia thans taking a tent-inch howi\\ltzer over a road that had been theoretically "de stroyed" three days earlier, almost un der the fire of the enemy and actually C within their own range of the nearest enemy positions, at the rate of seven or eight miles an hour. All the horses that ever were conltianitttdeered couldn't have been harnessed to do that job, simnply because they couldn't have got themselves through the nmud, to say nothing of pulling somethinig after them. I studied for severnl days the meth- F ods by which one armiy was fairly leap Ing on the trail of another, and It seemed to me the greatest wonder that the war had developed. The steel works of Birmingham and Bethlehem and Pittsburgh were doing it. But even before their giant contraptions could perform, the road must be ready for them. This reconstruction of roads Is just plain, back-breaking, awful drudglery; but what magnificently or ganlized and predigested drudgery! (One would imagine that there tmust have been tenhs of thousaln.ills of hutge motortrucks just back of the l:ritish line. evt' ryonet of tlthe' loltliedl teo the last ounctie of cplc:iity with rock in gradtliuated sizes, \\with Itssiv\' timbers, piles, steel bolts and nults :ItulI spiikes and haiuniterr anlll slednris niil e\very- thing else rt'equisite for the read lutild ing to, the front. N\thini: hail Ieen forgoetten. tiil althloulghi the' e'\n u'ltl:tledl regionl was it hIrorr of d ttd :,tl l lltter desoltion,l the etilldne of insolute STOP WASTE OF FLOUR S , . , tin. , al t, l t' Dukt't",l ilt I rnetdi nt:itie i t ti tttiil l s i try t eutir tn hi- ,itroy. h"I : uri it t h 1 i,: h of i , trii\ ite tf tA'n . will'': 1 t s js tnp tt e i dlll t iitr i o tdaken ier iwhoen tig n.inulti te tmte it. A til a ,a l t hou ewiv, t t sr i top ni rciie of waks d Wth ' In thoir This i h tiltn To Dr. Hlrli .1elhe thltl r who has Jus Lirttd il natifon wide horos nin tb a iireIost the lt- of fnr the nieds of Gur lli tes us ,ll is ,raelway ut1 h oll wat Mire of Swamp With an Auto five hours in the mire of a swamp with Vanatter had learned of the death :nti , lJ:lh tai le plans : was to lhe steeln Svryvn here. The emergency engineers \who man- f : tht1. - t i ,thi slare \te ni er . in th. ir \iat. lThe'y see*il to knioivw 1, y ittitlt ivh:tt \\ill I,." required of thI n. But it ln't instin'l t so mii u h as it i, t l e , hll,?, knowled , oif the terrauin thai t h:!" Iwt : irouhIl t hllc'k to them in I the jlht t,r.lhts t:iken by the lling corps o,,hserv-ers. I:veryt hin: I. oil hand. everything is in its ri;;ht pllce. .very lia: i nie'rstailds ju t! \\'hat is eXI ,, tel f hlin. ail hilet they Imoe tn ' frt ,rit or tih r is it. tllo a: hitch. In evit:il;I. it i f,:inrfully expelln"ie' hu i- I l, . and "o, etit llts there is ou er pret,raltin fr tie ' sake of certainty. I Light Guns Move Quickly. Thte lighter mid litret m -ite l s cfof ec'er.e n. feor \trl c-arliu"t. The'y :rei blilt e.lecn ilytv fer this kini eof ex plriern ,e :,rdl c:n ,'t ,vetr lif-huilt r,:ehd. with ln :n ,lity ale -afety that , cnll not l,,.-ihly lhe helieved If one hiliin't seen tihl l ,erfermlanle. The i'reiih "i7," aire partiul:arly u-eful in thi the of equick ael\;ece, lbut the Itriti-h li i-t guns, as now luilt, are hardly inferior. The handlling of the 6, S. 10, 12 and even 17,-inch howitzers is. of course, mlost impressive. ]Hitched to their cater pillar tractors, they jog along. keeping pace with the light field pieces that are drawn by well-trained horses. These I 4g guns, as now constructed, are the I nlast word in mobility. No need to wor - ry about buildinmg etmplhaenents for themt. They e:ln he fired from any sort of ground, and If things get too hot for ithem in one pla:ce they aOn le couptllled r up and hauled off to another. Along with the big guns geo complete outfits - of repair material and machinery, so e that if anything goes wrong It can he t attended to without a minute's delay. f Nothing known to modern war is so TEN MILLION ARE SUBJECT TO THE DRAFT ,ensus Bureau Estimates That Is Number of Men Between a 21 and 30. TEN PER CENT OF POPULATION Figures Show Men of Draft Age in the Several States and in the Leading Cities--Government Ready for Registration. Washington.-According to a state nent issued by Director Sam L. Rog ers of the bureau of the census, de partment of commerce, there are es tinmted to be in the United States at the present time, in round numbers, t, 10.000U(,(tM) rlltn between the ages of t t\\enty-one and thirty, inclusive. This number represeInts very nearly 10 per t cen' t of the estilmatet' d poplulaition (if I the (.ountry-hietwetn 103.'O0 ,t KWR) nl r 11.K i.IAIt1. The table bthelw shows, fir lthe' tliitetd States, antid for the t le.:dilng cities, t llllll numbers of Iale's t bI'tw\\ten tihe tige of twenty-one ;anld t thirty, itnc'lusie, on July 1, 1917. The I liiur-'s for that dtltt atre estimatted 11 tlhe :,asl-tlltllitiol that the antlnual lnu ilrt'ical increase since 19111 in each tatte h:ls been the sinet as the aver ;a e u nllll; l nullltric;tal illncrease ht' l\\tw ill I lN111 :11111 1911. Subject to Draft. July 1, 1:l; [inSti tat .it . ' te . S t .te .... ................ . l.. .. A I rl- Il l ,l . . . .. . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . .. . 3 4 . .. S.. ... ............ (',. u, r: t~lr o . ..... ......... .............. I tl; , t' u .. .. . . ..... ........ .... . -. -'. r la ......f ........... . ....... . ... , .t r ~ -l.]tt , ... ... . .... ........................ t, 1;., ,;, ' ' .............. ................. . l t t. . i I. , .. .. . .. ..... . . ............ " Yix ...,l ... . .. ...... ... ... ;' 1 :. . i t. . i ra. .. .. . ......... ..... "i' 4 11' r . ri..g in the h p f -.......... S.. g his nt rv. . ....... 1machin ski- et - . . t ' r n 1 . ture... ... 1 v . l f u.. g t.. . . t . le.. his.... .. knife ginst the unt..... il t knif tcut tig enough 14 let him out. Neir \ +,, , , . . . .... .... ... .. Sexhaustion, he staggered to a farm-. , ' ! ! - .. ! ...... .... ............. 1 ;. ! 'u ,, , 1 't ..... ................. Prhouse, where he w as put to bed and . later remov'f I1 to his home.on r... ', bl n'" t " ut' " ' lill. " 1 it) at t lt - 1 ',+lt i f rer. o rn the h·Itll frRet in sraionce.,int .'td on t h ' ilri ing 1 thI t hope oif cor,' r knife aginstt the floor untiltthIe knife in the mie. Thllen he hra:ckedcl awayi ilth a pirec o-f glass until'a hole h'wa FARMER PATRIOT OFFERS FREE SEED POTATOES S .Morrlztown. Tenr.---D. C. Wn- * * ters, a Cocke county farmer. 1s • a patriot of the firs, order. lie * * is a Iprospertous farmer alld last " * fall hi stored matny hushels of * Jrlsh potatoes. IRecently a luyer from the Fast offered Waters * * $2.7 n hbushel for Jeml. lIe de *c lined the ffTer. Thln lie noti- * fled the neihhiorhloo hle had lh plnty of Irli-h pi t:to"s for seed l Sand that if any if his nei;ihors * did nut have the mllfonley to ibuy * i.-.see this spr t; lie, woutll .ive e " them pIot:ito.s to plnnt \\ithout * Sla:kling any cl:true. Now "po * t:ito p:tche"' :ire to, lbe foundllll everywhei're il the i nllllllltity. pampred.c so delicuately turiil. as a bi ficl hiii'.\itzier. unless' . p rhals, It Ihe 1 Sule.rur,:i int'lt:intl t or a tel itpera mentalc Mis,,url mule. Andl w\hen ione of tllhese delicate ln trilllle ts e'ts into ranCr , that is. so Ill:it it isn't necessary to tire llore than half way air~ In gil--izeid mIiddle \W' tern olunity, it till Io in almounitllt of ,busilne- that quitt justifies all the troublel it has required. .\ six-inch howitzer will drop ain explo.sive shell t every tien se~iotil·c d. nill dropl it exactly whtere it w\ill Jo the imost harm. Their accuran'y ill tiring is allllmot unbheliev able and quite indescrthahle. The biggest of themti: are ia:lnnted by crews of navattl guitnners, trained to - shoot fromll the ttultalle deck of battle ship or cruiser andl tIo hit tlihe mirk. ;\\hen they get a clihance on dry landii[ ,\ hic-h do iesn't roll or sway Iitneath , theml it Ibecom'es highly undesirable to - ttract the diligetnt attention of one r of these crews within ten or a dozen t milles. r All this Is a nildl sugestlon f what t went wrong with the llilndcnhrrg line. g It was undoubtedly a Imighty good line s -once. lBut the enigineers and mac(hine o shops behilnd the French a:nd Btritish e armies had made their arrantgemtents . for wnvckiniz It long hefore Ilindentlhurg ,o had even thought of establlishing it. answers to 12 qui 'stlens.. which wil! embody all the Information which the goiverninent dt sires of each indi vidual. C'ommnercial travelers and others within the ages of twenty-one and thirty, inclusive, who happen to be absent from their homes on registra tion days will be required to procureey cards wherever they may be on that date and mail them to the county clerks in their home registration dis-. tricts. BIG CROPS FOR NEW YORK Western Portion of State Gives Prom ise of Big Yield of Potatoes and Small Truck. Buffalo, N. Y.-An early census in the western New York agricultural dis tricts shows there will he harvested over l(l.0) bushels of potatoes more than in any recent year. This is the resuilt of an orgtllnized effort to stimu late general crop production in larger tlln:ntitics thanl ever. Indications are that the Ni::gara fruit helt will regis ter a tre.ncliilou< yiehl this year. Small truck is being raised in hern-ttfore utn heard of iu:;intities. The gr' at ('hatu Staulgua grape belt is expctlced to regis ter another million-d-llar crop. with -rape jie antid wine c' tn:llnies al ready contriacting for Inrger than usual tonnage ol f griE.'lls. IErly in the spring a great labor Sslihortale loot ed ilupI, but this hls lbeen lovermllll li i ll nieasure by the farm ': clet i vllletllle t, which sent hundreds itf ilys into the rural districts. RED CROSS GROWING RAPIDLY Patriots Barred From Armed Service Find This Way of Doing Their Bit. Vti'.ýhinltonl.-.\ s re-tilt of the war irlspnlr.I luatriiotint tihe numblier of Itel -c1r 5 chilaptcrs ill tflit' Unitc"I1 States 1al- miart than .l4o b Tlel ilhd the past three ontthli. The ntitier is now irit ni',, ii the tlin th uif Feii, r ary; I il, tht- mia'ni of March. t ih: April iht -;,d ill rhcorkd with 19'y new Irl. t tll e total nuttll e(r ito I uhalp TAKE NEW "ANTITANK GUNS" British Discover That German i rnient ore Have Devised New Form of Weapon. 1uti <'it<ii or ciitv form h i i f t onl't c li riilh f Itr y u tl"ritl r wits tti t u it trty, frn , h i Alntk:i1,1i. g, r it Iti, . s ort-l ;ihd the Thile''anti . SBritish Discove r That Germ. an tvlen(i - heors Have Devised New Formit it- New T!nl.--Tw 'nty-six Ilarrlem mer i ! chant t are belilling they olserved mii the adal"' "It payrs wii he irlrest" In e each ihnstal ncl II yii ih mtt.' a pulrchase er for It. cedits. leaving fifte'n cents is chant rge on the counter. They chased fe him and nta cnfederate looted cash reg s -t iesters of $1 ii to H rin each case. aths Somethin like a reversed periscope or is a nef implement to help a railroad. m- onstructionffer foreman to inspesty. nel d laid railts reto see ifi they a re level and r for l ne. tl ving fiftn ent Itn line. GODOD i SURFACE OF IMPROVED ROAD Oval Should Be as Flat as Character of Material Employed and Lay of Land Will Permit. "TPverybody agrees that the surface " of a road must be oval In its contour." says Farm and Fireslde, "but not all n understand that this oval ought to be th flat as the character of the road * material and the lay of the land will e permit. With brick or concrete con struction the oval may be very flat, be (eale the traffic makes no ruts to car ry the water lengthwse of the road, a nor ldoes the pavement soften and de velop ldepressions when kept in con t tat with water. But broken stone (\:ater-hiound macadam), being sus - cqpi:ille to penetration by water. and s"-l,.ie.t to great damage if frozen while soaked, must be given a higher -I oval; and for gravel roads a still lt steeper pitch is demanded. "As for earth roads, the steepness mu-t be governed by the combined iv influence of a number of factors. Per I h:ips the leading fnator is the quality of the earth in each particular case. And next might he placed the pro'e bell. o'ir n:wenice of 'seeps' or 'spouts;' t lhile another of these vital factors w ,uold be the longitudinal pitch of the k. highway." iI Of tli OIL FOR ROAD IMPROVEMENT st to be en When Properly Applied Good Surface oI .n Is Obtained-Experiments Being bl Made in Missouri. lt Int I t By E. T. M'CAL'STLAND. Missouri Ag- 01 [A. ricultural Coll, e) no Attempts are now being made In s' ne several parts of the state to keep dust I sh down by the use of road oils. Super ts visors should be careful to investigate Irg the quality of oil they use before put tin= it on the highways. It is not gen erally understood that there are two di<tinct types of oil on the market. T tine of these oils has an asphalt base h which serves as a binder on the road as soon as the lighter oil evaporates. The other has a paraffin basu and is ili to all intents and purposes a lubricat the ing oil. This kind of oil, however, does t1 ali- not hold the road hard, or is not bind ine. It leaves the roads musty and sticky. l ind Road oiling, properly done, gives a be good surface. The City of Joplin has done some of this work on its roads ra- that lave already carried heavy traf- c hat fic more than a year and now look as good as asphalt pavement. is- Any Missourian may silnd samples of road oils to the Engineering Experi ment Station University of Missouri. Columbia,. and have them examined at t RKI am. I InI die ited iore t the . mu rgn-r - al soul tr. ... rtu- Oiled Highway in Missoeri. a moderate cost-merely enough ti lay for the use of materials in thi )LY laboratory. Some time ago the experi In,-it station issued a bulletin giving vice cmplete information on the quality of various materials throughout thi stlte for road-making purposes. Thi Iullhtin is still in print and will be war- stLt free. Its title is "Investigation Itcd of Itt-la -Making Properties of Missouri tit-s iStin a;id Gravel." now $1,500,000,000 FOR ROADS .\lprit Predicted This Amount Will Be Spent lost in Next Five Years on Highways -re of United States. IApril "It is predicted on gooid u ;!ioritty nw that f:r'm .I.ts(* K)0,t)O ti4 .,1 ,*l.4L40). Thil t- ;,, wil li Ie isn t on the hilghw:ay 4 ,f u li- h( Initi-d States in tihe ln-Xt ti\t f tie yT:irs." says Litncoln ' IIghway. thi 4,Litin tf the transcontinetldail high.'ay ( tO . '- iOtiln of that name. "l ,er in lit h t ry. ike ,r,,,f of the 1en'ral ihtir-s.t on ai ih l:r I rt of all e eloph in rad 1i)4rem nt, at Interest \wh!ch l \',l-nt ),.:rht it' the passage of the li I:tak ]h;l-m;h'ckleford act allowinti $T.iT.,. NS' c;i i,,f frtdral funds to tlhi various -:ltest for this purpose." ient SMoney for Rural Roads. Un;lder the federal-air ra, i act. wirhin the next five y-ours $1(,t.irO).5 tttirs w ill I,, spent by federal andl st:4t, gov h:lmn erniaents in improving rural roads. Reduce Cost of Hauling. (;,- (ood r loads re r:. e ti. ,-- ; ,, f ha;l1 i ;x in'I prid-' to :'.d frto. the farnm as front. auich as 23 c'r:s pr ttio-tile. ih-tl h eauti.y Roadides. ilrt f 'hy not plant parts ,f our roadsides r- with suitable natFve slhrluls or peren. nials? Road and Bridge Etrpendlture. mer- In 1,04 the actual cash road ane I d bridge expenditure in the Unite_ States averaged" allghtly less than $28 per mile of raral roads. In 1915 thu Cend ca.sh road and bridge expenditure had re increased to an average of $100 per mile of road. Treat VeYour Cows Gently. scop Dairy cows must be kept quiet and never hurried or worried. Rough newly treatment, loud talking, arl chasIng eland by dogs will diratbn both the P.ow of milk and Its ricdasem. CHICKENS DEVELOPED IN UNITED STATES SINGLE.COMB RHODE ISLAND RED COCKEREL. (Prepared by the United States Depart- 'ot ment of Agriculture.) (', The Java is one of the oldest breeds '1'11 of chickens developed In the United Bi States. In general this fowl tends to sili he long in holdy atld bIroand in back. The the comlp Is single, and tile legs of the oft black variety are black, or black ap- col lproaching yellow, while those of the (at mottled variety are yellow and leaden Iblue. The color of the legs detracts somewhat fromlll the fowl for market El purposes. Thelt skinll however, is yel low. The hells are good layers of brown-shelled eggs. and t11he fowls are suitable for table purposes. This breed Ur is Inot very cotmlllnonly follnd at the Ipresent timn. The standard weights are: ('ik, nine tend one-half ]ounllds; hen, seve'n and one(-llhllf poiunds- cock erel, eight lounditls, pullet, six and one- Sn half pounds. There are two varieties of the .Javas, the Blackl, and the Mottled. The color of the Black Java is black throughout, with a greenish sheen on thlie surface, plumage. Purile barring or is undesiranle. In the Mottled Java the plumage is it 1)l(ttlehI black and Swhite thrugllout. the Iblack iintg more In ple ntiful th:ian thet whiite. The under- tu color of the Mottled Java is slaty. Dominique Breed. ni The Dolliiiqllu is also one of the I oldest iof the Ata.mericani b reeds. The lr Iolltinique ('cllr is ias )"llated in the ir I minds of Ipeoplle throughout tile coun try with the' Ibarnyard fowl and is fre- th quently con fused with the Barred i( Plymouth bRock color. The L)ominique is somewhat smaller and somlewh\\it slighter in otldy. with a tail somewllat longer and sickles mltore promlline'lnt, t than the other American breeds. Thisa breed has a rose conlb and yellow tgs di and skin. The hens liy brown-shelle I is e'ggs anti are' good taleli fowls, al thonugh somewhat smaller tlh:n the oth er general-lpurpose htwtd'. Tl'he stlllsl ard 'weights for thi-: birt-,. :ire: c('otl;. I seven plouls: hei. five pI'unds Il : Icocl ireil, six pl ,Untl s: plltli t. fI!r po'ltls." T he pure red' I t'1:,in iq lh i" WIIt t":t u sively ki'l t i t e tI t )l tlt t r t e in tille it In color ,,f plunr:: th; Domniniquslu hna a general bluish or sat}"y east. Ow ," feather' in :ill s:'ctions hi'in th::rri throntchout with .lttlrnmtt. rather ir regular. dCark otsd li ':ht er's. The I nlrkin_ Rhode Platnd re ds. e tlse of the Ilrrt il' !yilouth I c 'k, but are tlesst dit inhlt. : I Il l la k t ilhe ci -'llt t ch:'rn t'r of t'w yit' l utIt 11i ! Iarri . L.i:.e' the tthirr !" t'"d I ly' l t 'ock, ,each fe,:th, r sho)uht ,ntl with a dIark til. Ti' t DIhaiitilnof mile lhnye bte. antuil often1 I itll-i. o: 4 r t',O11 s'ltI'h'. g lil4hter th:t n the f3' ieal.. ilate iill- h 3 ]erl'¢';olor nt'( Iu!"s thlr'mull'llt. o Rhode Island Reds. E iT l th, the Il:ntl lh'e isi , one of the t ' newest irets wtl'ihih have itisn Ih "l n pu it n' tahi - , ilttryi. At the pie"tetr ri time it htt':l' :Il ex,, ellent r, putatton v:enrn tfu !i:rtniri a nc l is tlet very txrt in .ivtely thii' H] Iftllt tit t: i rll e ltt,, " hy tll f; , thnfor int -r t he: iRn i 'nl l., i'::: li'ih T. Tl i ain ty I etfh. ('e' ih It, halt, ht,,n i- t" in it', Ihc lh tnt. . ty In type ils te tih t-, , i tilt ' ', I ,- raI l th lonteli. rt n I , rS II . Intonl I" i,t s', ,r li ' In ' r b tl k. Irnl the ,,h al fthe" fem- r ll e tere i tl s a"l'- i, htf "t li rIn -)y I"i tll r ' , :h ,', 1ii I r * ,d r, tiing toi la:,' The un,, ercoori. ,all Ssectil::iots shoull be red and I ree 'irom li 1 ti'-" I-"I: n 1i - R ,h:,., .t ,,. }t 4n ex it ctlit r tk orat fty r ap ..pearance, which is k- in the siun. th y . ,, ,' 11 d ,srve l. I The tBukeles a\re an American hI ! breed of comparatively recent origin. In type Its pounds; hen. nsi and one-half pounds; it n. six :nti,1 n -hailf p nill s; ,otktrr l, Sc n ocerel -:lf eight pounds; pullet, iveand t olere relound varieties of the Rhope iq l !:l] IVeil which :re identihal in (.,l,,r ::nil tYv e. hot one of which has ofone-half pounds. This breed has a pes 'aluib i. tblcbl doubtless colmes friom the ' ('ornish blood uised in originating it. The hen lay brown eggs. In color li Bulckeyes are mahIlogan :y hay, which isl slightly darker on the wing bows of to thi nmiles. The flight and tail featthers' often carry black as well. The undelr color should he red, except in the hack, wihere a bar of slate is desired. co dr EGGS FOR INCUBATION to Uniformity in Size and Shape Is of Utmost Importance. il th Smooth Shells, All White or Brown in Are Also Desirable-No Way of Determining Fertility of Egg re Nor Sex of Chick. to Eggs for incubhtion, either naturnt li or artificial, should he uniform In . size, with smniooth shells of good tea- if tre., accordinig to N. L. Harris, super- i Intelindent of the Kansas State Agricul- th tural college poultry farm. h Irregularly shaipeld eggs will hatch Iit niearly as well as smooth-shelled eggs. believes Mr. IIirris. It is not considl- t ered goodi practie'. however, to set the Irregularly shaped eggs ais there is a possibility that pullets hatched from theta will inherit the undesirable char acteristic of producing poorly shaped tl eggs. As a rule it is not wise to place both white and brown eggs in the same in- t cubator, as the white eggs have a ten dency to hatch one or two days sooner I th:an those with brown shells. There is nothing in the color of the shell c which niffiets the tilnme of hatching, but the stall,. quick matulring birds nearly a all 1ay whlite-shlelled eggs. The eml-1 bro chic(ls of thlies breeds will de elop liore rapidly than those of the heliavier Ia eds. I:ggs tha;t v\ry greatly in size should lnever hie set in in incubator as the S:rge, ies ,tem to receive more heat idue to pri iectling hi'her in the mnachlne than th snaller oilnes. Eggs with slhlls of upoor texture which appear lorous, allow the moisture to evapo rirate toii readily andl scldomin, if ever, ha:tch. 'Thire is alsolutely no way of de- I termniinin llthe fertility of an egg pre t d lie tot inc hil ttiott . inor is there any thii " In the -Ihatpe of the egg which \ ill indi("at' lthe sex of the chick. POULTRY RECORD IS USEFUL Breeder Should Know Definitely What Fowls Cost and What They Pay During Season. it - 'Evry ; I Iultry breeder should keep n Sci.reful db.liit i rl credilt anrllcount with lhi. f-,i i . Iie shoult know delfinitely,. ,i not ly that tliy lay, libut how imutch I- they pay. Sluch aiountlt need noti he li i'or e. I lt hliey sit1hou ill he acIlnrate. i hi:re ' the f.it s ith all that they i( ,-llue ni t credit thiu with all that it h, lri' ii '; thie balaniice will te the Not :ill of i'he prolit, for noi oneo can Sl,!-lur',e inl d(lliir' ali cents the plens tire that o , vetsi front his flicks. andil f tit: t i-ý a i it in the real profits. USE OF COLD STORAGE EGGS I. When Carefully Handled They Are Ct. cttcr Than Those That Have "d Becn Imprcperly Handled. L, JI(iecausl fewer eggs are produeeJ it ie t!i : I,,t1 lU l 'l regions of the coun try than are consumed there, and be le ca'uie the seasions have a marked ef in t i t lhei itiut ber iof eggs laid, city is houseiIIwiveS iust use cold stoirage eggs -t : t ri'g si ,me lcriods of the year if ri , , stiiu iily their tables at ali a with this fiii. g- Thi fact that eggs have been held ir in cih iStragtg dies not ncessu rI ly re nimean thait theli(y are of low quality. e- ('Criit*lI handled coli! stora gt eggs er often are of better quality than fresh le local eggs that have been improperly 1 cared for. In IE SHIPMENT OF YOUNG CHICKS ht all As Those Just Hatched Need No Food_ m for Forty-Eight Hours Plan is Is Quite Feasible. The shiiplng of day-old chicks has ed come to be quite a business. As they pe need not feed for the first 48 hours. in- this plan is feasible and those having ed. no facilities for hatching and yet de ne string well-bred chickens are glad to Is; avail themselves of the opportunity, nd the usual price being about ten ce-ts ea each. BY DOCTOR'S ORDER; By GEORGE BREWSTER. "In fact, become a tramp for at least a month," concluded the doctor. Young Wayne Gilbert had ca:rried out an enterprise in real estate t.hat had taken nerve and hard work. and at its conclusion he found himself shaky. His appetite Was gone, he had a touch of insomnia, and every ac quaintance he met gave him the same advice: "Go to a doctor and then follow his advice." The doctor advised a tramp over country highways. "Take little or no money." he con tinued. "In fac't, look like a tramp, feel like a trump and be a tramp for the time being." MIr. ;illibert left the office sneering at thei advice given him,. but after a day or two he calime to look at it in a dif ferent light. (Oh, I. , there is romance in trump ing, anitd when it is reconmedlled by a doctor. his advice should lhe followed. Young (ilbert came to take this view of it after a coluple of days, andl set forth. It took hll aboult I fortnight to get the( stint lurn and the general grime andl desolation of a tramp, but he yrsevered. (IIO' sunlIer's afternoon a girl of twenty and her mother andi aunt sat on the veranda of a farmhouse front e ing on a prominent highway. The girl was reading-the others were sew r ing. ()f a sudden the render laid aside s her book, rose, and shaded her eyes t to look down the road. "Looking for anybody, Dorn?" quer led the mother. "It's a tramp coiing, I guess." "But don't you encourage him to come in here." protested the aunt. "I dreamed the other night that a tramp V to whom I was kind rewarded me by cutting my throat, and I don't want it to prove a true dream." "He limps badly," said Dorn. "Well, Dorn Thorn, you let him limp right along past here on his own budl ness ' "Dora always pities every tramp that comes along." apologized the I mother. "But she shouldln't. Every tramp is rteady to rob and murder. Is he going to stop here. Dora?" "He is sitting down to rest. I be nt lieve he is ill." n That tramp was Wayne Gilbert. He x. had given the doctor's prescription a fair trial, and hlie was more than ready - to abandon it. While liaping along he had been overcome with dizziness ^h and realized that he was going to be , ill. HIe sat on the grass with his back d- to the fence when a girl suddenly ap Ipea red befolre hill. a "Are you ill?" she asked. ,n "I fear I am going to be," he an rs\twered. "You-you don't look like most of the tramps that come along here." th i'cuse I am not an tramp. I have In- been walking the highways by a doe tor's advice. I have money and pa r pers that will identify me. I am go 're ing to try to reach the railroad. If I l can't do it-"'' t And the w\\rld whirled around him y aundl he fainted away. Tli mi IMother andl aunt came running iydown in response to JMiss Dora's cries, he and a farmer who had been to town stopped his team. l1 "We must get him to the house," he said the girl. 'at "If you do, I'll leave it !" exclaimed no the aunt, who was a visitor there. th "We had better get this farmer to har take him to town, where he can be cared for," whispered the mother. "We shall do no such thing: He , shall blie cared for in our own house. - lie is not a tratuinp. Ie told me that Ie-n httad money and papers." e- The patient was iput to bed, and it n was the oplinion of the doctor that he iwould halve to staLy there a couple of weeks. In reply to the query as to whether he thought the young man a UL trimpl he aInughingly replied: "Not aIny mnore thap I am. The hat chances are that he lives In a city, and Swas recoinnnleaded by a doctor to try 'tr;lllilng to build himself up. The counltry doctor Is not the only dunder p hea lien Ilenging AI sign. , nth Miss Ihora siearched the clothing and i,'y fiinnd money and papers. Sle and hcl her fatlher and mothir were satisfied. he As was to have ibeen expected, the t. fever was nmuch higher the niext morn ingy lg. but the doctor was not worried. i-t "\e'll brenk it up in thiree or four the uhlys," he said to Miss IDora. "anl then .nu will cmi' in with your chicken cn soup and kitd words andi help him to is- get well. Last night I telegraphed to nal some of tllu :hid'mitrusses given in his pa lors, and theli r'llites say that he Is a fii' youllg Illimli, ntud chlarge liie to give hilhi ('\r.ir" titti'itti,. lie will be my GS ,Iiic iit 1inliI your Iheiro." 'lUnllt hieriliis oimi' with steed and Are sword anIlld lance, don't they?" she laughid. "Nit al\ways. I have known them to be stulinblt d over in the hlackberry 'l l I iuhes. The lad doesn't loIok much )lln- like a lh'ro now, but give him a be- chance." ef- It was two weeks before Wayne could city sit on the veranda, and a careful nurse gKgs sat with him. It was only when he r if was abl, to walk In the orchard that al the aunt said to her sister: "Josephine, I believe those two are held in love." l "So do I," was replied. ity. "You do!" gs I "Yes, and so does John." 'resh "And what are you going to do rly about it?" "Nothing." "Well, I am." KS And she walked out and gave Mr. Gilbert her handl and said: Fd "My brother-in-law, Jake Sharp, says I've made a fool of myself, and if you'll forgive me, I'll be your aunt by marriage any time you and Dora say the word." (Copyright, 1917. by the McClure Newspa.l they per Syndicate.) SRetarded Age. t de "DarUlng," whispered Miss Winsuma id to to the victim of her wiles, "will you love me when I am old?' "Impossible situation," he whiape ed back, "you couldn't grow old, angel on only one birthday in five yyer.