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How far is Europe from financial and social bapkruptcy ? A summary of facts gathered first hand by Henry P. Davison. ()%W far Is Europe from financial n ardl socil bankruptcy?" Is a question of vital importance to all the world. Herewith is a concrete summary of facts of great value on this question, gathered at first hand by Henry P. Davison. Con cerninllg these facts and the man who gathered them Rowland Thomas in the New York Sunday World makes this statement: At this time Mr. H. P. Davison, Iartlner in the firm of J. P. Mor gana. seemns more thoroughly quaill fled than any other person In Amer lca to express an authoritative U;pIl. on cIn condltionlls In Europe. iie has an extremely keen, clear mind. He Is a tamn of Ae largest affairs, accustomed by many years of business experience to grasp the essen ta; detalls of complex situations. And on top of his tunsual personal qualifications as a trustwor thy o'ºserver and reporter, he has just, through his ,sltion as head of an International organiza tit.r haIl put in his possession the latest and com ple' st .nass of information obtainable anywhere. Be !s chairman of the hboard of governors and the-mfo'e ex-oleiclo head of the League of Red Cross sloietes which comprises all the Red Cross sOcieties in the world except those of the central powers, and has just returned from the first con ter.ence If this organization, held In Geneva. At th'e conference the European situation was the malt object of consideration, and to give a hbds for discussion and action, experts were rea,ht 'I`i from the field all over Europe and 'ther flrst-'tand reports were received and exam* abed. Thb result was the composite picture of pest-war Europe In the winter and spring of 1920 whlch Mr. Davison holds In his mind. iy fixae rule, Mr. Davison does not give Inter Iewa to I vlidual representatives of the press, ro .write rigned statements for individual papers. -e has not broken his rule In this Instance. This I not an hiterview. But when his unique post lM- as a s uree of Information was pressed on his attentl. he grasted the Sunday World ac as to his htta, and what follows may be taken as a asbstasttliy accurate and complete statement tf tact? as he sees them. Its significance can S hn iully, be overemplpsized. "he astastrophe." wrote Mr. Balfour. chair 1: of the (fcaell of the League of Nations, to the led Crs conference at Geneva, "Is orf U-' naapl magnitude," and In the same co ! nl tuI asreferred to "the horrors with whliwe are tCeed," and stated thee had readcji 'appalling , bie are very straw :;Pti~pl io coming ·: ftCam Pd '-'!uc standing. They indicate oin its. o( disaster. It laM ady hope of setting matters right? Can ;U io "come back?" fr is she beakrupt? The i ap sammry of known factd will be an at to! ndisamte au a ho that question. SAhle outwt It Is a ry Ito clarity the at by making certal distiactions. Europe . r 3, 8,00 atr miles. Its people "diASS,0p1, sore than a quarter of the estibleed Ipopulatit. Psrthermore, at ilpa as a unit is ssn-eistest,,ifdt ever It has beesn amt by the war Into vertous is which condtios widely differ. aestral, anravaged Spain. Switserland, Nera9' sad Swelal, with over 40,000,. aasoUe, constitte spia e airup Dertafed aMd AdeIra ternis a uer. Russia Is a SoIf Por" of th' European aslies . #... e . iNt and lelglum-ar another. asts e abmasd eiattes of the central i mes algi are a M fith Between these aditkim wary eatly, oad this must be i a eaeldtag wrether a rope is .,, phelpl alli. In la th west therei fle Wrench atphe t is w hua.t and wries. aqIlte a aild seed of raw hem eat last his heist af Industry and ma al hfact abut Prase today pebopl aa ly aivhe to dte sou aland a are sies forward brave. & *qit.e her wpt,sharo or raw 4' fslan furwar. mat backward, led he blt mmn pruadss l the war, Mr. ka tnaiwstsems nad ndeus cn817 n he reled as to do her ld ber iuilpbors. 'Sbelgim, as Sle a d, I as ary a enthemsmd, Is -t her problems a races tr nt sturdy cmm.o h diy'work, and at the 'gr~ .qenteress ap to enasort. ainfBaEuies. ob ttly ajd Englada d at the United States. Their 5we ar--esagar aM we are ' aateig asym dbtntrls anal car. At thubma agit only the op. *a * i*r tessiatuulcshagth. And ba%. a popmitles of l16o00,ooo. a the MM seuatrals, It bhsut a third at the people at En. bAt efertrewd to a. tibkrupt. Some nl*P diat aml hut th* hae bara, e. * .It daa sailer ** Ptahhmgiser oh me hinusemf is left Wt ot ta MyilC awnr *~l which " P;ýgi ý r 1 iw k ý4 fir. oo ~.:.. R· ·:: .~:.·- ··-'ý· clothing are Insufficient to make life tolerable. Particularly in the broad belt lying between the Baltic and the Black seas there is appalling mis ery. This great area includes the new Baltic states, Poland. Czecho-Slovakia, Ukraine, Alibtria. Hungary, Roumania, Montenegro, Albania and Serbia, to say nothing of Russia eastward and Armenia to the south. In all that region there Is almost complete paralysis of nationd lie ain.d ,ht dustry. All that part of, _ope has today a tremen dous numbeas o'le people. Many of them want to work. ,-.rt there is a great shortage of raw mat,:ials with which to work,. and tie import export situation seems all but hopeless. Such has been the output of paper money and so much greater is the need of imports than the possibil ity of exports under existing conditions that these countries have nothing, either money or goods, with which to purchase from outside what they need to sustain life Itself, to say nothing of sup plies for the revival of Industry. They totter on the brink of utter ruin, from which'nothing but a helping hand can save them. The depreciation in the currencies of some of -hese countries, as valued in dollars. Is unbeliev le. According to market quotations of April 10, it ran as follows: Austria .......................97.53% Hungary .......................97.48% Germany .....................92.32% Greece ........................43.26% Roumania ............4..........91.81% Poland ..,... ....97.98% • Cseeho-Slovakla .................2.78% In other words, if the peoples of these coun tries treed to buy materials and supplies In Amer Ie at the present market values of their curren eles, Austria would have to pay approximately 40 times the normal cost. Germany 13 times, Greece just double. Csecho-Slovakla 14 times and Po land 50. These figures are olclal and are the only In dex which can briefly give any comprehension of tie economie conditions inside these countries. Their currencies are deprelated because they have neither gold nor suiciqpt production with which to maintain their normal position-with the United States or with their immediate nsighbors. Unstil eh such country is able to produce sum clent to maintain Itself, either tfrn within or by importing In exchange for gold or goods, it can not hope for normal conditions, it Indeed it can hope to survive. There is nothing difliault of camprehensbon about the situation. Somewhere, somehow, some time, those countries must be come possessed of toed, clothing, raw materials and the means of transporting themt or they must perish. Ueonomicaly and politically, they are crippled to a point threatening complete paralysis, while at the same time the people are ravaged by destitution and diaese. The Inroads of the latter on the wa-worn and mdemoeaished populalti has reacbed the proportions which Mr. Baltour called "appalling." Mean womes and children are dying by thou sands, and over vast 'once evillaed areas there are neither medical appliances nor medical skll sM1 deat to cope with the aanltary eciis. In the Ukraine. winter of 1918-19, typhus and Infauena affected ms of the population. In vim lages of 2,000 and 8,0o0 half the people would be Ill of typhus at the same time. Many physicians attended a territory 40 miles in diameter. Some who had 20,000 to 30.000 typhus patients could get no medical supplies whatsoever, and could give only oral encouragement to their sick. And this year the condition is even worse. Pauperism is becoming more and more Intene. Prices have advanced pteadily. In Austria, skeordlng to a report dated Feb. rtary 12, there were in Vienna rations for three weeks. People were apathetie, fatalistle and l! and there was an epidedbie of dancing One da was Attended by 4,000 people, half of whom had bad no dinners. Refusing to go home, they daese until exhausted. One hundred thousand school children were apderfed and diseased as a a te of ond shortage lack of fuel and Inae. a:tIpital fae! ttlmes Crime was increasing a tset a e ad popeattnp. hunger soestimes ;.4tii 30 hns toi attempts at murder. The _ WI W. Osu fit S-' -U rwi p ýdu , _srrii population of Vienna was literally famished. The general death rate had increased 46 per cent since 1913, and the death rate from tuberculosis 250 per cent. Many children of one year I ad not surpassed their weight at birth. The middla class. living on salaries, were selling their belcugings to buy even the -"·-ernment ration. One mnal for on_ 'persoia cost 6 kronen at the municipal kitch ens, while the salary of a professor was i'T kro nen a month. An overcoat cost three montiX' sal ary of a court justice, and a second-hand xrnault automobile sold for an amount equal to 11 years' salary of the chancellor. The following is taken from a commu.lcation from Sir William Goode. British director of re lief : "All official and other reports hich reach me give no hope of improvement In the situation in Central and Eastern Europe. The misery of the outlook in many parts, particularly In Austria. Poland and Armenia. Is worse than ever. * * " The marshaled charity of the world, government and unofficial, will not alone heal the disease from which Europe is suffering. Increased pro duction and the restoration of economic order out of political and ecoronomic chaos are the only solu tions of the problem that now defies the Ingenulty of those who face it." Such Is the picture of conditions In the spring of this year of our Lord 19I24-acording to the information gathered by Mr. I)wiaon during a two months' stay overseas, where he joined in conference with representatives of 27 nations How Is that aid to be rendered? A week ago last night, at a dinner given to h!m at the Wal dorf-Astoria hotel, Mr. Davison spoke at length of conditions as he nad found them. and indicated what seemed to him the only possible courses of remedial action. To quote from portions of his speech: "Any voluntary aid, to become effective, car onl, follow the provision of such essentials as food, clothes, and transportation, which" m'st be given if the peoples are to !:ve and he restored t, a condition of self-support, and the need of which in so vast that It cannot he given by voluntary organizations, but must be supplied by govern ments. Upon assurance from the league of na tions that food, clothing and transportation will be supplied by govwrnments, the League of Red Cross societies shall at once formulate plans for the Immediate extenion of voluntary relief with In the affected districts, appealing to the peoples of the world, throigh the Red Cross organiza .tions, for doctors, nurses and other necessarj personnel, medical supplles. diet foodstusTs, and such money as may he required. * * "We are going to And out that we can no more escape the Influence rf the European situation of today than we were able to escape the war Itself. You cannot have one-half of the world starving and the other half eating. We must help put Eu rope on its feet or we must participate in Eu rope's misery. * * " We find ourselves the only country possessed of many of the supplies which Europe needs and which cannot be pur chased or given In sufficient volume on credit. As a nation we should at once arrange to -place within the reach of those peoples that which they need to save them and start them on their way to recovery. * * * The situation has 'devel-. oped so far and so seriously that there is no pos sibility-of its being met in any other way. * * = "I have always been an optimistic American. because of my supreme confidence in the ultimate Judgment of the American publie upon any ques tion submitted to them. I believe that as soon as we realize the truth and effect of such state ments as I have made, we will take steps worthy of the traditions of the American people. There fore the responsibility upon everyone of us is to do whatever may he in our power to the end that the American people may have a 'enr nn derstanding of what It all means, that they may the sooner declare themselves. * * * Not un -1i the prior and fundamental step is taken of fur nishlng by government action the necessary ele mentals, food. clothing and transport, will we, the American people, properly have established our selves among the peoples of the world and be in a position to leave a creditable heritage to those who are to come after." !33 aMd Sb swa m gser. The Roman in I.m.b, ueed gawt for Poles a ` tt Very thck to bev'F the ·taaurs o these 15dle4 1Thii '~e4 to be tbought ~afh than K b i~r~~k~ ratu pi 0 1 'i'hellr t r il tYtafl to tae iR. u eitl, i s stiles iuaii- lirii h tobtier. rWl t s ue .~C I · ormen, boys learn swimming on cork supports, lifeboat men wear cork Jackets, and where -the cork tree grows palls and tubs are made of cork. Waahb Yeor Weight Medical m all agree that In a great number f cases It would be of valuable asstance to them If pa tients could produce a weight record when gelag for avice; often It is mpossible for a diagnosi to be given •atll a patient has tasted his or her weght for a certan length tls. LOVE AFFAIRS OF ROYALTY Monarchs and Princes of Britain Figure .Conspicuously In we Annals of Gallantry. There is a great deal of talk to the effect that the prince of Wales will be allowed to follow the dictates of his heart in the matter of marriage, even if the lady he should choose be not of royal blood, remarks the Montreal Family Herald. The rule requiring that royalty wed with royalty is not as old as is some times thought, for it war only In the time of George III. that the Royal Marriage act was passed. George III. himself made the daughter of a linen ' draper his wife, though she never was his queen. In olden times, of course, the king married to cement on alliance with some foreign country, but happily there is no need for that form of diplomacy in these nodern times. Henry VIII.--"tbluff King I.l"--pnce declared, "WVhere my heart goeth, there shall my hand be bestowed." and fol lowed this up by wooing and eventual ly winning Anne Boleyn, the daughter of a knight and tht doesce:ldant of a London apprentice. Very passionate was his wooing of his "own sweet heart." The day after poor Anne's head fell ulnder thl exc'utollln'r's axe on Tower green. he was stnraling at the altar with .Tine Seymoul , another knight's daughter, hlo bevanie the mother of our sixth El.wa rd. Whie:n he was prince of Wales. ;George IV. fell in love with Mrs. Fitz herbert. a beautiful widow. IHe was very ardent in his wHoing . and thlie lady led him ia pretty dance b'efore she finaill ylelded and allowed him to nmake her his wife. There Is a charming frankness In her letters to her royal, lover, in one oif which she writes, in answer to a re- 4 quest to meet the prince after leaving the hallroom : "'Meet you ' What, you?-thei prince of Wales. whose character in the annals of gallantry is too well knowr, for me to suppose that after such a meeting I should have any character at all!"-tLondon Telegraph. Japanese Arts Being Forgotten. A Japanese contributor to the Jalan Advertiser has the following note on the forgotten arts of his country: "All the polite arts and accomplishments are in a had way. How many middle school boys of today know how to drink tea in the forms of the tea cere- 4 mony? Flower arrangement is being fast forgotten. Versiflcation, which once was one of the commonest ac quirments of youths, is a hopeless my 4 tery to the people of Taisho. The word politeness is not to be found in their lexicon. When at home they read cheap story magazines, and when going out they put themselves at the tender mercies of Jammed tramcars. So they wax ever more dwarfed andt penguin-footed, both physically and mentally. And the love of nature, of ,art and poetry, which was such a dis tinguished characteristic of the Yama to race is being quickly replaced by the love of money and accumulation." Fire Without Matches. Fire without matches may be pro. duced with a handful of dry grass and two pieces of wood. one 'tlled the tin derwood, and the other a piece of very hard wool or very soft wood that is called the drill or spindle. A hand ful of dry grass is placed on a solid rock or board. and a notch is cut in the tlinlerwood. The tindcrwood is then placed on the dry grass and the spindle Is Inserted in the notch in the tlnderwocd. The spindle Is made to spin at a fast rate between the palms of the hands until a coal Is pro duced. Then the dg grass is taken up Il the hands and blown on to make a blaze. It is then dropped on the grotnd and dry twigs and other grass piled on. A much quicker method than using the palms of the hands is to have a how with a leatier thong I stretched on It. 'The spindle is fixed with one tarn around it and made to revolve very fast In the notch of the tinderwood. . Object Lessons In Fuel Saving. The moving pictures are to be made use of as a means of educating people in thie manner of making the most efclent use of fuel. Several 50-mln ate films have been made, show!ng good and bad operation in steam boil. er plants, methods of tbsting boilers, Sand the like. These pictures IllI be available to each state in connection with its educational propaganda to I - conserve the fuel supply. A series of official bulletins on engineering phases Sof steam and fuel economlcs also is being prepared. They will include boiler and furnace testitg, fuel gas analysis, saving steam in heating sys tems, boiler-room accounting system, saving steam and fuel in industrial plants, burning fipe sizes of anthra Scite, holler water tre:atmnent, oil. burn - ing antl stoker operition. Great Game Farm Planned. When yie legislature passes a bill of aceepltrane., Louislana will have a veritable empire of thie wild, stretch ing along tlhe gu1f of MIexico seventy five miles and comprising 500 square miles. The property consists of Marsh is land wlthl 78,00i0 acres of land, pur chaseld bly Mrs. Russell Sage and given to the state as a game refuge, and a tract of 85,000 acres In Ve:mllilon and Cameron parishes, given by the Rockefeller foundation. Adjoining Marsh island Is the pres ent state game farm on land belonging to the Mchlhenny interests of 60,000 acres. Lying between is what is known as the grand Chenler tract of 85,000 acres, which the state expects to acquire In the near future. She Knew ItL When a young man in my late eene I picked up a little telegraphy fromt a friend of mine. One evening we at tended a club dance sad after heaving danced with a partlcularly poor Sdancer, I drummed on the arm of my I cdUr for my friend's beaL t, "poor ·dancer, stepped all oer is." To my a tter asurpdm a t m haiatim the girl r sttting neat to as tlsed and mid quietly, "e idMt advertise ths 5g ~,Jre q'uCbemu ATTENTION! Our General Merchandise Stock, in all lines, is complete, invariably bought at a great saving; this we give our trade the benefit of. Your patronage is much appre ciated and close attention is given to your orders over the phone. LET US SHOW YOU F. M. DAVIDSON Carter Avenue Vidalia, Louisiana THE WISE HOUSEKEEPER The Advantage of Buying Fresh Groceries ; We receive goods daily, and our prices are j as attractive as you will find anywhere. If = you are not already a customer of our store, = give us a chance to convince you. B.F. CROOKS J " THE GROCER" _ PHONE 36 VIDALIA I SEND US LAUNDRY BY PARCEL POST PROMPT SERVICE OUR MOTTO Your Mail Orders Solicited _ Excelsior Steam Laundry NATCHEZ, MISSISSIPPI ., ... ..... - -~I)~ I~~)CWWIX) J , + . g,v -7,-,.-, ..... -..-_ TREEPASS NOTICE. Notice is hereby given, that Pitt. field Plantation, in Concordia Parish. L.a.. is posted againsihunting, shoot Ing, or in any way trespassing thereon. Violators will iu prosecuted to the fall extent of the law. W. W. DIX. Manager. Vidalia, IL., Oct. 10, 1919. ly. POST ED. Notice is hereby given, that Iatto core and Arnaudlia Plantations are posted against hunting. fishing and all >ther manner of trespassing. Viola. :ors of this will be prosecuted to the lull extent of the law. No exceptions. Oct. 18. A. H. GILLE~PIE. POSTED. Nolies is hereby given that that part ao the PARK PLANTATION belong Ing to Mr. J. J. McAdams, located near Clayton, Concordia Parsh, I., is posted against gathering of pecans at this time or during the season of 1920, and also against any one cutting timber of all kinds, or in mny way trespassing on said property, either, fenced or unfenced. Violators will be prosecuted without exception. Clayton, La., Nov. 1, 1919. R. SAM HARMAN, Agent. TRESPASS NOTICE. The property of the undersigned on Bayou Cocodra, in Concordia Parish, Louisiana, is posted against hunting, shooting. fishing, trapping or In any manner trespassing thereon. Violators will be prosecuted to the full extent of the law. ANNIE CRAWFORD. =THE= NATCHEZ HOTEL AND CAFE Headquarters for Concor dia people while in Natchez. CAFE and GRILL ROOM open day and night. Both are popular in price. R. . Clark, Jr., M S. T. CIAr, Jr., Mpr. TRESPASS NOTICE. Notice is hereby given, that ElkMhor and Weecama Plan ation, in Concord1 Parish. La., are posted against huot 'ng, shooting, fishing, or fen.e cutting, or in any other manner trespassin thereon. Violators will be prosecuted to the full exteat of the law. P. D. BROWN. Vidalia, La.. Sept 18t%, 1919. TRESPASS NOTICEL Notice is hereby given, that Vaawsle Plantation, in Concordla Parish Il., is posted against hunting, shooting, fish ing, or In any manner trespasping thereon. Violators will be prosecated to the full extent of the law. R. (P. SCHIUL. Vidalia, La.. March 24, 1919. TRESPASS NOTICE. Notice is hereby given, that the White Hall Plantation, In ConcordiS Parish. La., is posted against hunting shooting, fishing, pecan gathering, of in any manner trespassing thereon. Violators will be prosecuted to the full extent of the law. WHITE HALL PLANTATION. Vidalia, La., Oct. 4th, 1918. TRESPASS NOTICE. Notice is hereby given that hunting, fishing, shooting, fence cutting, ped dlers, agents, any other trespassing is prohibited on CHOCTAW Plants tion, L'Argent. La., and all violators are warned that any violation of this will be 7igorously prosecuted by law. nog .T. T K IRR. POSTED. Notice is heret"! given, that Gijl pie's Island, oppo 'te Ferriday, in th 'Misslssislppi River is posted agains hunting, fishing and otnerwise t passing and all violators will be pl cuted to the full extent of the law. Oct. 18. A H. CHAMBER. UP-TO- DATE CHAMPION SHOE REPAIRING Prices Reasonable Saed Your Shoes By Pacd Post TO Raymond Aguirre . NATCHEZ. MISS.