Newspaper Page Text
By CHARLES READE
Edward H. Crosby
P EG WO(FFIN(GTON stood before
the mirror in her dressing roon
at the Theater Royal, Coven
Garden, London. She was alone witt
her thoughts, and they were lboth se
rious and pleasant, if the play on he]
mobile features could be taken as f
criterion. She was summing up hei
eventful career from the time whet
but a child of eight, cold, ragged an(
hungry, she had been found on th
Desniond quay in Dublin by an actress
who undertook her professional edu
cation, to the present moment, when
as the reigning actress of the Britisl
capital, she had the world at her feet
She had many admirers and quite
a few flirtations, but they had al
been ephemeral, as Peg Wofflngtor
could quickly detect idle flattery an(
the sycophancies of the jeunesse
doree which hung about her shrine
She was a woman of the world, keen
suspicious and cynical, and while shE
toyed with her gallants, her heart and
soul wete in her work. But one eve
ming she noticed in a box, a face new
to the theater. He was a man evi
dently from the provinces, but he
gazed at her withbundisgnlsed admira_
tion. Night after night he was at his
post, listening Intently to every word
she spoke and with an unmistakable
air of respect.
She waited, thinking like all the
others, he would seek an interview.
but as time went on and he made no
attempt to bring about an acquaint
ance, Peg's curiosity was piqued and
by guarded Inquiries she learned that
be was Ernest Vane, a country gentle
man of means and reputed a bachelor.
One night, however, Mr. Vane was
brought to the green room by Sir
Charles Pomander, a man about town
who had long but unsuccessfully
pought to win Peg's favor. Miss Woff.
nlgton was not in the room when Mr.
Vane first arrived. He quickly adapt.
ed himself to the novel surroundings
and launched into a eulogy of Peg's
personal charms and histrionic ability,
During Mr. Vane's remarks Peg had
eatered the room and overheard her
e. s aso eloquently sung and, know.
r , that Mr. Vane was unaware of her
presece, she was impressed with his
leeerity. Then they were introduced
;a Mr. Vane was almost speechless
S, with admiration. All that his Imag
tatn had painted, was more than
ralised. Her beauty, her intellli
gace, her graciousness--were over.
powerl and Mr. Vane, In his embar
aument, could only stammer' a few
om esaonplace.. Here indeed was a
aevelty, and her earlosity turned to
h e was still cautious and would
treat her new-found friend with vary
a' g moods.
As she stood before her mirror, she
was awaiting the arrival of Mr. Vane.
They had become warm friends, much
laee, on the part of Mr. Vane, who
had openly declared his love and had
Soa her many tokens of his affection,
which Peg had accepted, but with her
peculiar whim she had declined any.
s save some inexpensive gift, tell
g g he lever that it was the senati
saged which she desired, not the in
t, th vale of the prent. She had
Sdegd d toi reveal to Nr. Vaae that he,
to term, loved him, but the old, se
Iliue toolng woald not leave her.
. Whe th' were alone together Pe
. p l Las h haads Vane's shlders
· a isedar a toe his eyes said:
' We5ast, s. aetremo .make good
h e aid - 'many lovers, ewt
95 b' i a rme otside eur circee
'e s he. much we ah a ffiad.
WW he m as to mat'
ho 3Amet -rold btithaay.
a hs shave he.r ei thh in
s Inha ePeog was lnely, There
hd hee n o me to whom she eou
WSL qat her hert with a em
of spaily, u whee Vam peared
bt 1rm eg oar hi a ais a
ea i gr ma s ystes. one hevese. m
.v1an n hki. a rds a. the
,10--itt r PeOa ander did not at eo
t ge lirn s hadtkm. Us
mean whumum n Win
assa the tiwiaph of sne he regord..
* aediS a semk eseer hsne o ere
t hs b te'bpa a1b on sine
?riet, a hsapr-o at Covent
hLed d her ia the early
ig - poasty. r plet was a play.
mir en shlftsr, ma to gave
altau.1W Pa lrea d m a eem
to L er portrait. Pegs
to StEihh ssldi. ye told by
hat ihefaisity a
- mnt e was~sbseger tha
* ahe r hod ba sh a m ab
at endstin his rival om.
he eamry, ho gave Sat-l
*ag whnen mach had be
ha' her twelfth year,
SagPastisn of talc
~ ir man.
The beauty of the lady so Il
pressed Sir Charles that he sent his
servant to learn her identity, and the
man brought back word that she was
Mrs. Ernest Vane. A deadly weapon
was thus placed in Sir Charles' hands,
but he refrained from making publcl
his information until the proper moe
ment. A banquet had been arranged
by Mr. Vane in honor of Peg Woffing
ton and Sir Charles managed to have
Mrs. Vane appear when the festivities
were at their height.
His scheme was successful and the
effect of Mrs. Vane's advent was elec
trical. Mr. Vane, not knowing that
his wife was in town, was filled with
consternation, but Peg's tact did not
desert her even in this trying moment
and she introduced those present as
members of the nobility. Mrs. Vane
was not suspicious, and accepted the
t situation in good faith, but Triplet,
i who had brought verses in honor of
SMiss Woffington. and being unaware of
Mrs. Vane's identity, revealed the true
e facts and the wife was heartbroken. '
As for l''g. she was furious at the
i deception placed upon her. She fully
I believed that Mr. Vane was free to
a woo her and then in a moment, her
dreams were rudely shattered and her
faith in mankind destroyed. She de- c
termined to take desperate revenge.
She would. keep Vane at her side in 1
spite of the wife and then, when he
was firmly in her toils, she would pub- ti
licly discard him. Filled with these o
thoughts she went to Triplet's studio c
I where the portrait he had painted was n
to he exhibited. o
The first glance showed the picture tl
to be a wretched failure, and even
Triplet acknowledged his defeat. But n
there was no time to lose, for the n
critics were already approaching the b
studio. Peg, with a sudden inspira- y,
tion, cut the face from the portrait II
and, having arranged the draperies so p
that her body would be concealed, she
placed her own features in the aper- *
ture. The comments of the connois
seurs were ludicrous, some declaring a;
there was not the slightest resem- a
blance to the original, others that the
flesh tints were Imperfect, and still e:
others that the drawing was out of
all proportions. When the opinions
had been expressed, Peg came from k
behind the easel and expressed her ir
views in true Milesian manner.
Peg remained after the others had si
departed and told Triplet of her in- h
tentions toward Mr. Vane. Unexpect- a
edly Mrs. Vane knocked at the door a
of the studio. She had been followed
by Sir Charles Pomander and had ti
sought refuge from his attentions. Peg h
had no desire to meet Mrs. Vane, but
there was not sufficient time to es- sl
cape, so once more she went behind it
the easel and placed her face in the g
I portrait. Mrs. Vane, after explain- as
Ing her presence, noticed the picture h
and exclaimed: I
"You are a great artist, Mr. Triplet,
the likeness actually breathes. Oh i!
that she were here, instead of this c,
wonderful image of her. I would speak a
to her. I am not wise or learned, but
orators never pleaded as I would plead
to her for my Ernest's heart." ti
She paused for a moment and then, to
addressing the plcture, continued: e
"Oh, yes, you are beautiful, you are
gifted, and the eyes of thousands wait T
on your every word and look. What a
wonder that he, ardent, refined and
genial, should lay his heart at your g
feet? I cannot take him from you
but ob, be generous to the weak and fi
give him back to me I Give him back p
to me, beautiful, terrible woman, and I
will love you longer than men can k
Suddenly she started back with 1 a
wild scream. n
"It is alive!" she cried, and run- b
nlng to Triplet, bid her face on his
For Peg had beta so affected by the
piteous appeal of the heart-broken
woman that with all her self-control
she could not cheek the tears which
coursed down her cheeks. Peg or
when the two womean were alone Peg
turned to Mrs. Vane and said calmly:
"I trust, madam, you will do me
thei )astlee to believe I did not know
Mr. Vane was married?'
"I am sure of it," replied Mrs. Vane.
"You are asu good a yo are gitsd."
Peg thea prmied t o degrade o
herselfm in ,Vane's eymes that be would t
leave her i disgst,but to this plea a
Mrs. Vane rensed to agree. Flnally
Peg arrayed herself la Mrs. Vanues
clak and hood, threw a note fm the a
window to ir Charles, who was walt- a
lag below, . whlch tbhey knew would
bring that worthy into the room, and
theba dispatched Tripit to ummoe.
Mr. Vae to the studle, Mrs. Vane con- it
eemlla herself lna a adjoinig apart- a
meat. Sir Charles responded to the
summoes ammedIately and tin a mo
met was making vilent love to Peg, i
whom be mistook for Mrs. Vaae. t
In the height t a most ImpasmIoned b
scene, Vane entered and made the
same eror s did Sir Charles. Swords ge
were drawn, but Peg disclosead Herself Ia
before matters became serious. The a
thought that his wife was beloved by il
another produced such a shock to Mr. pi
Vane that he realised he still loved
her and the two deperted together, b!
leaving Peg with he uhappy hi
Peg Wodngtoa aever recovered w
froam this eplsode. Sbe plad once
more into her work, but life had lost
all its Interest. She did not remaln
long on the stage, but retired to pr
vate life and devoted herself to ehar
Ity, Mr. and Mrs. Vane being her
stench hrieds whle she lived.
COpyright. s, by tle Pot Pucishta
Cao. (The eutokn Pos). Copyrsht in the
United Itagdom, the Domatnma, its Col
oamies and dependenes, ounder the oepy
right adt, by the Post Publtsbla Co.,
Ueton, Mass., U. a A. All riss re- J
A new British coalig plaent has re- A
ceantly been erected at Port Natal The
plant i stated to be the only one of its
kind in South Africa, and It bi claimed
that it i one of the largest beltoa-con- T
eyer Installations at present in opera
tieo for eoallng vesemsel.
In the long itne of income ain pay
ea in New York were a waiter and A
bather. "They certalnly got me on
p" said the wstter. "I bd to re
PJeo thisear." "Ma, toe," seas C
SZ- -'-i;.~n .
Department Devoted to Attractive Magazine Material
By F. A. WALKER
HII 3UAN NATURE
TIII-IlE is one hoast that is pretty
_ tarly universal. You probably
never met a man or a womanlll who, if oc
casion gave opl ortunity, would not say
with considerable show of pride, "Well, I
I know human nature."
They mean when they say it that
they think they can solve the causes I
of human action, that they can ac
curately point out the whys and
wherefores that Influence our relations
one with another, our acts and our at
Frequently these readers of human 1
nature will ascribe a questionable I
motive for any kind of an act, good,
bad or Indifferent. They would have 1
you think that the chief force at work 1
in the world is evil, the commanding 4
It isn't true. There is a good deal
of good in the world.
The great majority of people are
animated and influenced by high I
motives and splendid desires.
The really bad man or woman Is the
Human nature as a whole is of a
kind that really makes life worth liv
Elfhu nlurritt, the learned black
smith, wrote down this wisdom: "No
human being can come into this world
without Increasing or diminishing the
sum total of human happiness."
After all, the most of our lives and
the most of our endeavors are to help*
in the general scheme of things.
The corner grocer may be cross and
surly sometimes, but if you only knew
it he sent a basket filled with things
good to eat to the woman down the
street whose husband is sick in the
hospital. Human nature in his case is
dominated by good.
And as It is with the grocer so t ,
is with the butcher, the baker and the
candle-stick maker, with the minister
and the sinner, with everybody.
* " *
It is a splendid thing, a helpful
thing, to seek the good side of people,
to find out their better qualities and
There is some bad in the best of us.
There is a lot of good in the worst
Human nature is very much like a
garden. In it we plant seeds.
Some sprout and grow into splendid
flowering plants that give everybody
pleasure. Some come up useless weeds.
' If we plant kindness and charity and
love, the garden will be worth-while.
If we plant envy and greed and
malice and hatred and jealousy, it will
not prove a source of much joy to any
Nobody can plant or tend the garden
THE GIRL ON THE JOB
How to Succeed--How to Get Ahead
How to Make Good
By JuSSI ROBERTS
THE busines of making lacks
strikes has by no means gone oul
of date. It isn't necessary these days
to kill Indiana or give a dying mine
a drink. You can do it in less movr
lng-picture ways than that.
A good idea properly handled has
often proved the best sort of a lucks
Take the case of Elsie Shaver oi
New York. She conceived an original
idea in regard to dolls. She carried
it out to the last detail, as perfectlj
as she could-and that means a lot.
Here Is the result.
The dolls found a welcome waiting
for them. They were high priced, but
they were worth it. And people
Now there is a little shop working
fuiltide making the dolls. There is a
large force following the designs
made by Mrs. Shaver. Money pours
in, and it is a good business enter
prise-just a lucky strike.
Other lucky strikes have been made
by young women in the advertising
business. Sculptors have made then
with a quaint figure. I know a girl
who had a bright Idea regarding a
By DOUGLAS MALLOC H
THE BIGGER THING.
JEST yesterday I watched an ant
A-tdtin' in the summer sun;
I saw him puff an' pull an' pant
With little burdeua, one by one.
A wisp of straw acrost his way
Once kept him busy fer an hour,
An' ant-miles long he walked that da.
To git around a bloomin' flower.
The sand be carried gtain by grain
Great bowlders thet he had to lift
An', with his engineerin' brain.
He sunk his shaft an' run his drift
An' then at night a Bigger Thing,
To which the Little Thing muo
Ciatte's seapplaonted king,
Wi0ed oft the aathl with its heel
• .· , , . .
ult you. Nob~odly can take fromll you
the credit for the ilowers and you ulln
not shift to an;ther the blamie for the
growths that are worthless.
* 0 *
Try to know the good side of human
nature. Try to cultivate it and en
If a motive is in question give It
the benefit of the doulbt and believe it
was goxl until it is proven to he hald.
It says in the book of Genesis that
when the Creator consilered his work
lie pronounced that "It was good."
Unless there is a greater power than
the Creator it must have remained
Anyhow, it is sort of satisfying to
believe that (uGood is more powerful
than Evil and unless we have to
change, let us keep onrl thinking so.
"I hear that Crimson Gulch's big
eaming resort hais been closed."
"Yes," replied Three-Fingered Sam.
"The police got busy at last "
"Tweren't the police. Cactus Joe
had a winning streak."
C1kr14 o!k cat.r1r.'
grs JWA i% t;+st crowa
a... coMt "i
o $ tC6t d,.ýlc
rke idtc-e V.
The Jdust screen.Cpyih
department of the store where she
works. She heads the department at
y a mighty good salary now.
t Lucky strikes are good things, and
a we don't all fall on them. But I no
r tice that each one that really brings
* success is accompanied by a lot of
hard work. The lucky striker lbs not
u sat around waiting for luck to do the
No. She got busy herself.
(C . (C.rght)
Be like the bird that, halting in her flight
Awhile on boughs too slight,
Feels them give way beneath her and yet
Knowing that she bhath wings.
SAVORY, SATISFYING DISHES.
TO A PINT of tender green peas,
- cooked in very little water, add
while cooking a teaspoonful of tsugar
and a sprig of mint. Drain, using the
liquor for a sauce. Add butter and a
a little flour, and serve after removing
the sprig of mint.
Hot Potato Salad.
Cook potatoes with the jackets on,
peel, cut in cubes, add a few young
green onions minced, a few tablespoon
fuls of chopped celery, some minced
parsley (a teaspoonful or two); pour
over the salad some hot bacon fat,
stirring and tossing until well mixed;
season well, add boiling hot vinegar,
a little at a time until the sa)ad seems
well seasoned, and serve iot. Olive
oil may be used instead of the bacon
fat, If preferred, and lemon juice in
stead of vinegar.
Cook salt herring 15 minutes in boil.
ing water to cover; drain, cool, and
separate into flakes. To a cupful of
the herring add an equal measure of
potato cut in cubes, and one-fourth
of the amount of hard-cooked eggs cui
in bits. Mix until moist with French
dressing and let stand to season. add
ing pepper, cayenne and paprika. Servt
m a bed of lettuce, garnish with ring
THE ROMANCE OF WORDS
AT FITtST glance theire would
rlli;ppear to Ie littlhe meionmv'
tion betweiti thie wol ";'iros
grain." ipplied to heivy silkv
alnd rtllrollns. and11 "lgr'T" thei
sailor's slnm for drink. Bit ith
Of thiti were ('ionnectiied with Ad
itiral Edward Vernon f the
Blritish lnrvy., the tlrtll whoi
rinited f:li for the ei il ltrel of
Porto hello ili'rn the warlr with
Spain in 17:'9 irnd for whomi
Miltit Vternon, the homell of
Wr' shinton,. was nl neiiid.
Tor the men of the British
navy, however, ie owes hiis
greaitest fiame to tihe frt that
he wasi the first to order runt
and water server to thie men of
his squadron, Iegh intitng this
practice on hoard his own ship,
the Burford. Previrousl to
this time, the admuiral had re
quired the iname of "(*ill Grog."
from his habit of strollintg alhiing
the quairter-dl'eck in in "igrogram"
clonk - "grograrin" treinig the
British sailor's corruption of the
terpn "grleos-grain." Becanuse of
the nicknnme of the miran who
originated the serving of ru in i
the navy, tihe drink wasu called
"grog"-and "grog" It is, to this
THE CH1E BUL C1 ERUB
Oh, mey I keep the.
OF tJatd -4tto ew
Fe ' t6.tla
r " or ,
of iI o Vs.
t of egg-white and the yolks put through
a ricer. Serve with a good boiled dress
ing which has been enriched by the
addition of whipped cream.
Cream Cheese Salad Dressing.
Make the ordinary French dressing
adding one-teaspoonful of onion juice,
d then add very slowly mixing well
r to a cream cheese. Beat with a silvet
e fork until the dressing is smooth,
a Serve over leaf lettuce.
Mix with three-fourthp of a cupful
of sugar, a tablespoona:ul of flour, a
' half-teaspoonful or less of grated nut
g meg in one-half cupfu! of boiling water.
'- Cook until smooth, add two tablespoon
d fuls of vinegar and a tablespoonful of
ir butter; serve hot.
Ginger Ale Salad.
r, Soften one-half package of gelatin
as in one-half cupful of cold water; add
eone cupful of boiling water. Strain,
a add one and one-half cupfuls of ginger
* ale, one-half cupful of sugar end the
juice of a lemon. Add one cupful of
strawberries cut in halves and one
banana sliced thin. Stir until well
mixed, mold and chill. Serve unmold
d ed on lettuce with French dressing.
i Poached Eggs on Anchovy Toast.
h Work a teaspoonful of anchovy paste
It or more, if desired, into one-third of
h a cupful of butter. Spread on this
E slices of crisp toast and lay a
re poached egg on each slice.
P t0. 11. Western Newspaper Unie )
USE LABOR TO BEST ADVANTAGE
The Stacker la a Modern Implement Utilizing Hose Labor for Putting the
Hay on the Stack.
(Prepared by the t'r-ted St'ite~s I epart
m.nt of Agrr.,ilture.)
The hay crop, e\,'n when the labor
supply is niioral, catise'< ore worry,
anxiety. and dli:poiintumt thati any
other crop. lThe tle for harte-r g is
conmparatively short. O)ther crop, re
quire attention at the same time. Ant
the weather is to Ie reckoned with.
A great deal of hlabor Is % asted every
year during hay har\cest, say special
lsts of the United States lNparttnelt
of Agriculture, not bIe':lluse of ac'tlal
Idleness on the part of the workers,
bilt because labor is expended unelll
essarily on operatlions that do not
utilize it to the best advantage. If an
old method can he sulpersetded by a
new one that will enable the same
numlber of mlen to neeonplish more
work In the same le.ngth of time. or
fewer men to accompillllish the amle
work in the same length of time. It
Swill mean mnre hay saved, more
profit to the farmer, and a better con
dition for the country.
Shift Burden from Man to Horse.
Although there is a scarcity of man
Ilabor, there are still plenty of horses
on most farms, and hirein largely lies
the solution of the IProlemi. (nll farns
where conshlerable hay is grown
methods must be adoplted by which the
greater part of the heavy labor is dlone
by horses. This will necessitate the
general use of certain types of labor
saving machinery, some of them not
so common in the East, which have
been thoroughly tested anti proved
satisfactory In the western part of the
United States. The small hay grower,
however, need not make a very heavy
investment In new haying apparatus,
for by rearranging the working of his
crew and using a little more horse
labor for the hard work he can add
considerably to the efficiency of his
Here are some suggestions made by
the specialists for avoiding of labor
Do not run two or more mowers
close together. If the front mower has
any trouble that causes it to stop, all
of the mowers usually wait while re
pairs are made on one. There is a
tendency, also, for drtirs to waste
A Four-Wheeled Push Rake.
too much time talking when they stop
occasionally to let the teams rest. A
good practice when two or more ma
chines are used is for each driver
to lay off a "land" for himself and
work independently, so there will be
no Interference from other machines.
Side Delivery Rake Is Best.
Do not turn hay by hand. It is too
costly. The cheapest and most efficient
way of stirring hay in the windrow is
with a two-horse tedder. One man
with a tedder will do more work than
12 men stirring with hand forks. It
is not even necessary to have a man
to run the tedder. A boy big enough
to drive a team will do just as much
A one-horse rake operated by a man
makes raking very costly. A two-horse
sulky rake is better, but the side-de
livery rake is best. When% curing is
done in the swath and a hay loader
is used, the crew can start taking the
bay from the windrow as soon as the
side delivery has made one double win
drow across the field. If the sulky
rake is used, the crew will have to
walt until the rake has gone several
times across the field. In this matter
the extent of the haying operations has
to be considered, of course. On very
small farms the use of the side-de
livery rake might not be economy.
If the weather is clear and the hay
is in proper condition, there will he
no necessity for hay caps or for
further labor till the hay Is hauled.
But hay caps will pay for themselves
in one year when the weather is bad.
They are more especially needed with I
clover, alfalfa. and pea vines, all of
which cure slowly.
If hay is to be hunched, the hand
method is too expensive. A two-horse
sulky rake can hunch 30 ncres or mere
a day and a boy can drive It just as
well as a man. Even molre labor 'ifn
be saved. however, by tusing the push
rake to bunch hay after It has ,been
raked into the windrow. It is a good
plan to have two men working tgethtler
to round up the hunches, aince nmore
can be accomplished th;an when each
It is a waste of time to pitch hay
onto a small hayrnvk ,n a high-wheeled
wagon Use a large tar'ak on a
Loading hay with tlichforks i the
hardest, slowest, and tirost expirsl-live
way. The men are workitlg c',n.stqatly.
but tile horses are ditrg nolthing mllst
of the tnime. If a !older is uoed. the
hardest part of the work is done by,
-I ti lti.r~o.. ia d the' tin e:i h:lirajl,
iib ut :o per (erit loire hay.
Save Labor on the Stack.
'Ilie fit'h rake furnisli-. the toasi
ec'inc, loltltui l ll'ethoil of haulinl hay tlI
IIIthe stck, brn, or iay lress it the
- iustantlte Is inot nulcih lllre than oiltn
fouirth of a mile. 'ti m111tan, itr a boy.
\ithl a goih push rake v'id a teant
tused to the,' \ ,rk \will hat,,ll," thrt r
- ti ,es ti4 ntmulh hay ti< two li!n with it
t sliall rank ion a ligh-w heielhl a ao.
I Stackinlg bay aitth a pJush rake iardi
i n overshot sticker nmounted ,It t \he'el.
itnlin te.s nearl"y till of the bIck
' breaking work iof the old pit,'hfrk
Smethod. With i yietl ,t onei to oneu
I idli ii half tuons to the alre. two ItnI.
on the mtack cnit mi:ily handle all the
haIy brought in i, t hrie lutish rakes,
r actinipllishing a vnst saving in labor
and hay over the Iitc'hfork ne+thodt.
t .nother mniethol iet so toa l Iutt still
v'astly better than the pitcbhf ,rk tle'tl ,1
is a stniker equil,tnl 't rith :ta liu,thi'
haripoon fork. The' outfit lcan e itat' tl
at homne lnd will ca'st very little cotni
pared, with the laibor it sa.es, but
i harder work is nfe.i-.try to aet the
halt on the stack than with the over
r When hlay is to he tihled fromnt the
field, one man by w\orking In tihe after
e tti.oon, an round tip eitnough hay whihi
e has hbeen hullnheid by push rakes to
keep the press goinl next morning
t until the dew is gione friom the hay In
p the windrow. When the hay is not
11 thus rounded up the crew will lose
e two hours or more on mornings when
there is a heavy dew.
y Carelessness in setting the press may
result in loss of labor. When the press
R is properly set two men can get
e plenty of hay to it from the stack.
S REDUCE LOSSES IN SHIPPING
Y More Careful Handling In Harvesting
r and Packing Spinach Is Urged
s Losses In long-distance shipments
l of spinach can be greatly reduced hby
careful handling in harvesting and
a packing together with effective re
e frigeration in transit, according to
specialists of the bureau of markets
of the United States Department of
Agriculture. Decay and deterioration
in transit caused by the development
of slimy soft rot cause serious losses
to shippers in some sections.
"This decay develops rapidly in
transit when temperature conditions
are favorable," say investlgaters of
the bureau. "It starts at places where
the leaves have been bruised or
wounded, and it very frequently fol
lows attacks of blight or other field
diseases. Other causes of deteriora
tion in transit are yellowing and wilt
ing of the leaves. Prompt handling
and shipment at a low temperature
largely reduce losses from these
r hen barrels are used, it is advis
able to scatter crushed ice in several
e layers through the container, a large
layer being placed on top of the spin
ach next to the barrel head. Holes
bored in the bottom of the barrel pro
t vide drainage. Shipments In baskets
or crates carry best with a layer of
a crushed ice in the center of the con
2 tainer and another layer on top of
t the spinach just under the cover.
CHIEF CAUSE OF SWARMING
Lack of Ventilation and Space fee
Queen Bee to Lay Eggs En.
e courage Restlessness.
The main causes leading to swarm
r ing are lack of ventilation, lack of
e space for the queen bee to lay eggs,
e Insufficient room for storing honey,
and over-abundance of drones or a
queen bee that has become too old.
STo prevent swarming therefore, these
Sconditions must lie avoidedl, suggests
r the Extension Service beekeeping
Sspectiallst. Tile queen alone is normal
ly cilpatle of laying egg.s, ard for
this reatmsn swarming Is necessary to
niake new colonlies and perpetuate the
race. Thle oln queen always c(met
out with the first swarm.
Remove Stains on Eggs.
S1tai.tnS iy he rtlemived fromi eggs
hiy wling theun ultli vlnegar. Itinse
in cltin wiiter afterward. Tlili Is a
* 0ooi thiing tIi reltemlliber while pirepar
Ing 'eggs for niarket.
Bees Must Have Feed.
Whe 'll i ttillg the bens out of loors
It is a glod iiLnn1 to ,ip'In tii', hives
Iiid 'see if thte ,I'iS hlltve lttllilli food
o lt thnil til they set it from
Aid in Preventing Roup. .
K'.iIn t lhi fors of the poultry
qunlrters i liberally sprinkl l wilth air
slk l ik, i · \hleln lhe wiathler is dump
1 will h1,i lt it reventiing rluill fromn tak
ig a hIlbl.
Water Supply for Hens.
Whiiin 1,iil .liIt to thiink that a
Iinitla 'L' m " ''l ill a Ilhit of water,
t y ua ia,gi ti retillze why the ittictent
p li itt tilut it l\t I li a l' illk whenever she