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♦ 1 S\ 1 V \ I \ > A 4 VOL. XV--NEW SERIES. POUT GIBSON, MISS., FRIDAY MORNING, APRIL 11,1890. NUMBER 2. Queen AisriD Crescent JACKSON TO CINCINNATI Entiro Train,Baggage Curs,Day Conch es ami Sleeping Cara run tin.High without change,from Meridian, The Short Line via CIIATTAN OOOA The Carolinas and Virginia, Sited, Marios, Eilte The Shortllne via Cincinnati to CHICAGO. CLEVELAND, BUFFALO Niagara Falle and Canada, MEW TORE, The Adirondack and White Mountains, ^ew Eupliind Oiliat*, And all pointa North and East. fiF All Through Trains pass around the base of Lookout Motirtnio, along the shore of the Emory River, over the Famous High Bridge and through the Blue ßias» Region of Kentucky to Cen tral Union Depot, where connecti*»n is made for the North and East without imuster, through the city. For further in format ion address BOSTON C. II. Caninhun, Agent, J«o' son.Miss. I. Hardy, A. 0. P. A.. Vick «burg, Mia» N. A. But hx», TravL.V Birmingham Ala F. M. Comfort, T. A P, A.. Vicksburg. J). (J. Edwards, G 1*. & T A. J. C- Gault, Gen. Manager, Cincinnati. O. DR. R. G. WHARTON Offer« hi« nrofi'»»|o«ial services to the people of Port Gitn*on and vieil)*y. Ol* lice next door to 1rs imiilrtiw. Fort Gibson, Feb. 16, 1888. rtr DR, Is. A. SMITH, Resident Dentist, Offer« hi« nrofciMlnnnl «civic** to the Office over Goep« 1'« ptiblirM Pont Out »ON Jan 0 I8HS. [>.. I Evon 2Æ. I3a.rt>er ATTORNEY-AT-LAW. till PRACTIC E IN THE COURTS OF L Cl »1 borne and adjoint«« conn»!«« ; »'-> 1« il«* Sup« K«*dcral courts at Jackson. Spectat atteiiuftn to colkntlon of claim. Do«, u !•«!»> m "V«T Wswra«'« barber »bop. Port Gibson, Sr pi. iB, IB._ V. or n J.B.ASK2.W, I \ DEMTlT, ÄT0WER3' NEW BUILDING, VICKSBURG, MISS. 10. ii. ROBBING, D. D. B., ■or Itimure C*>n<*sr«5* DENTAL SURGEON, ' :hg. \BSR SHOP, I'ASSEM, Proprietor, •WiBH, \HOH , and Shaving done with match. C. A. FRENCH. French J UAT-LAW, bon BuilJing ■«-less House. TH, ihurg, ffOK , [0. es IS. mnK w-. h«im» j j j T7-ic^sTD-o.rgr, ississippi, -WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALER IN- — Foreign and Domestic Drugs MIXED FAIHTS FROM PUTS Td GAI.L0H3, White lead, boiled and raw linseed oil, lard oil, ucatsfoot oil, turpentine aud ail kinds of lubricating oils. Window glass all sizes cut to order. 20 Barrels Putty, 50 Bibs. Lamp Black . INCORPORATED If84. JOHN . H ALPIN lUuaf. JOHN F. HALPIN CO T^7"lxolesa.le G-rocers lo>. 117 and 120 lnlb«rry Street, Vlckakorg, Usa, -HEADQUARTERS FOR Flour, Bleat, Hay, Corn, Oats and Bran. Alabama Lime, Portland and Roacdale Cement,'a specialty. NEW FURNITURE STORE. Stowers' Piano & Furniture Co., Corner Mam and Fair Streets. Will keep on hand pie largest and most complete lot of furuitore ever brought to Port Oibson, including bed«tead«, bureaus, dres«eis,waidistandH, fl unk«, clocks, mattresses, lounge«, tin «et«, spring beds, chairs, tables, mir ror«, safes, wardrobes, window «hades, painting», and everything in our line. We will sell for cash at rock bottom prices, and on lil*eral installments to town trade or parties living near Port Hibson. Call and see us aud judge for yourselves. We buy from manufacturers and sell to consumers. 33- 'W*. SCOTT, Manager. M iVW MEMPHIS WEEKLY AVALANCHE//# \^\ A TWZLVS-PAGZ"DEMOCRATIC PAPEB./Àÿ/ ESTABLISHED 1867. CONTAINS ALL THE NEWS OF THE DAY. /SJ/ j lABLI EDITORIALS, CAREFULLY-SELECTED / F V MATTER, TAUCAOE'S SERMONS, ORIG- / T/ W \ INAL STORIES, AND A VARIETY 0? W BEADING THAT MAKES DP A » % SAMPLE \ ; copies FREE. 1HB WEEKLY AVALANOHf «* NEWSPAPER. OBZLtHaa had 4 Dlatrl t io na and haa given away 10,000. The namea and X&.— SitL000 *~-ÄI I Circulars showing ^ former Distributions. addresses of parties \jw always Pub MEMPHIS, TENN. % SEND for i LIST. S 5 « m $1,000 In Cash GlHs t ... 1 H L V t R - .V Hi i P t '« usual ccxxmisy an lams nurn lot ra aunts obit. vn ffj nn FhaTZAB'S stjbscbxptk lllll JilWv WHIOH INCLUDES THS DISTRIBUTIONS. -9/Æ I/aV M The State of Mississumt, T<* M.irtliii Oweu.Conleliji Gimtilt Far ror Girault ami Janie* Girault: Y<*u are conini imifti to appear before tli« chancery court of the county of Clai borne, iu sanl state, on the Third Esnday of April, 1880. to »liw cause if any y*«i can why the fin al a' eoiim of M. A. Mitcliell.aaministra tnr ®f Mn- «Mat* of. lohn I. Mitchell. <le CBiMil, shouhl not Ik* allowed as state«l. A. K. Jones. Clerk. ! You are commanded to appear before tlie chnnoerv court of the county or Clai borne, in said state, on the 3rd Koatoy ot April. «3. m.)». .*.»>. if cn, »I,, Um final account of Wiu. Cahn, executor of the estate of Carter Braxton, deceased should not be allowed, and said executor disc hared from further accounting tliere A. K. Jon es. Clerk. it] A/.ireli 21, lrtWO. The St.itk of Mississippi, To llenriottn Jf irtin You are foinmundni to appear before the chancery court of Claiborne county, in said state, on tho i Third Monday of April. 1890. to defend the suit in said court of John 11. «Martin, wherein you are defendant. A. K. Jones. Clerk. C4] A/itrch 21, 1800. Summons in Chancery. Tiie State of Mississippi, To Dnve Braxton, Sarah Johnson and Hannah Anderson: [0 in. Afareh 14, 1890. Citation in Chancery. The State or Mississippi, To W. H. Llpreoinb, J K. Lipscomb, J. M. Liptcomb, Hobt. Llpocomb, Kicbard Llps comb, Labt ltd« Lipscomb, Fannie Willlam «OII, 11*1 tin Moseley, F. ill Ilia Lipscomb, J. P. Ltpaeomb Jr., Wtllle 8. Co»by, E. H. Forsru Bon, J. J- Stamp», John Gatewood, Monroe Gatewood, J. E. Gatewood and Sammle Tbom[wou : You are coin mande- 1 to appear before the chain-cry court of the county of Claiborne, In said »rate on the Thirl J* 0 Eia 7 cf April. 1890. to show cause, If any you can. why the final loocoant'of N. 8 Walker, administrator of the L-atitte of Dr E. McAllister, deceased, ahou.d Riot be allowed os stated. A. K JONF8, Clerk. larch 28, 1890. ^>o not delay, but send in |r subscription to the An pi on Prtper of the The Times Democrat Ivy Orleans—Daily and Jr. It has the largest n. Orleans Picayune haa re ady subscription price of . . . |t M to ft a Sent. It » j with .tàe I e P» A Water Telescope. No doubt many boys arc ignorant of the fact that they can,with very little trouble and expense,construct an instrument with which they can plainly see what is going on under the water over which they sail their boats. The water telescope may be made of wood, or ol tin, whichever you prefer. The tin is better, because it is lighter and more easily handled. Its manufacture is very simple. Get a tinsmith to make you a fun nel-shaped tin horn about 3 teet long. It should be eight or ten inches in diameter at the bottom, and broad enough at the top for both eyes to look into. Into the bottom put a piece of glass, cut to fit, and make it perfectly water tight. Leave the top open. The inside should be painted black to prevent the reflection of the light upon the surface of the tin. Around outside < fthe bottom solder on 8evera l «inkers to offset the buoy ari/ ,„ - .. ancy of the air m the water-tight "T" "" 1 ' , nlak ° ■> .*> submerge N, 1 » oou oonlenUoget. round of glass, have the large end made square and use square glass, That's all there is of it, and when you sink the instrument down into tho water and put your eyes to the rttnall end you will be perfectly as tonished at the plainness with which you will see all kinds of fish and water animals swimming around in a state of nature. A great many of you go on boat ing aud picnic parties, and you can imagine now much such a contriv ance would add to j'our amusement and pleasure, to say nothing of the instruction derived trom studying the inhabitants of the water at home. Using the principle of a water telescope, a well-known naturalist had a boat made with a glass in the bottom, through which he could see every movement of thousands of fish as they swam along through the clear water. Fishermen in Norway u»e the water telescope at their work with the best results, some times discovering a new kind of fish that might otherwise have escaped N. Y. World. their notice. A farmer, in this office, a few day ago, summed up eleven years' fiuanni experience in about this wav: I bouyg a farm and borrowed $1,600 at 10j|| cent, interest to pay for it, managed to keep the Interest ■ but I still owe the $1,600. Vm in interest more than tho Æ^L tas Fanner. ; In 1867 James 'a nc( ^j cu t wgg governor in. Tfrt«« THE SUEZ CANAL. ▲ Ditch la the Detert Abcut Ore Hundred Miles Long. The Suez cau&i ia about one hundred miles long. It it one-twelfth the length ot the Red Sea, into which it conducts the waters of the Mediterranean, aud these two bodies of wator are nearly of tho same level. The canal is well described as a ditch in the dosert. The ditch is about three hundred feet wide at the top aud one hundred aud fifty feet wide at the bottom, and tho water withiu it is as quiet as n mill pond. It is of a deep sea-green, aud the contrast of this color with the bare yellow sands which line the banks makes It beautiful. The canal is so uarrow that ships can pass only at certain points. The average depth is about 24 feet, aud many ol the siiips which pass through are more than 20 feet in the water. Thero is so little water under the bottoms that there can be no great speed. The bauks of this canal are of dry and thirsty sand, in some places they are kept back by pavements of stone, in others by a net-work of twigs like the jetties of the Mississippi. It cost nearly $100,000,000 to build the canal. One of the great problems in making the canal was fresh wutcr for the work men. The work was begun in 1868, and tho ruler of Egy pt provided 26,000 laborers. They were relieved every three months, but it was necessary to feed them. It took 4,000 water casks, wluch were carried on the backs of camels, to supply them with drinking water, and this was kept up for five years. At the end of that time a fresh water canal was arranged so that water was carried front the Nile to Ismailia, aud there is now a pipe which runs the whole length of the caual, aud which carries fresh water from one cud ot it to the other. The work ot building harbors at j Port Said and Suez was vary expen sive. The piers at Port Said are made of artificial stone composed ol desert sand aud cement. The machinery to ina'^e them wa« brought front France j aud tiie stones were made to throw into the sea. Each stone weighed twenty tons, and it took .'*000 'of these massive rocks to form the bases of j these piers. Ou top ot this foundation the piers were built .—Correspondence New York World. . How to Drink Milk. Don't swallow milk fast and in sucb big gulps. Sip it slowly. Take four minutes at least to finish that glassful, aud don't take more than a good tea spoonful at one sip. When milk goes into your stomach it is instantly curdled. If you driuk a large quantity at once, it is curdled into one big mass, on the outside of of which only the juices of the stomach can work. If you drink it in little sips, each little sip is curdled up by itself and the whole glassful finally finds itself in a loose lump made up of little lumps, through, around, and a mong which the the stomach's juices may percolate and dissolve the whole speedily and simultaneously. Many people who like milk and know its value as a strength-giver, think they cannot use it because it gives them indigestion. Most of them could use it freely if they would only drink it in the way 1 have described, or if they would, better still, drink it hot Hot milk seems to lose a good deal of Us density; yon would almost think it had been watered ; and it also seems to lose much of its sweetness, which is cloying to some appetites. If the poor only knew and appre ciated the value of milk taken in this way, I am sure there would not be so much beer-drinking among them. There are thousands of hard-working scrubwomen, washwomen,factory girls, and even shop girls, in this city, who drink beer with their meals because it gives a little stimulus to tbeir tired bodies, and don't under stand that it is only like applying a whip to a weary horse, Instead of giv ing him oat*. If they only know, they would find in this simple draught as much real strength as in a barrel beer .—New York Tribune. ia 01 Wholesale Foreclosure of Moi Mays Landing, N. J., ApriA misfortune which ha* coiiu Ay farmers of the town at cause* intense cxcitei(|i Âi Enchantment The sails we see on the ocean Are at white aa white can be ; But never one In the harbor Aa white as the sails at sea. And tbs cloud» that crown the mountain With purple and golden light Turn to cold gray mist and vapor Ere ever we reach the height. The mountains wear crowns of glory Only when »een from afar ; And tue sails lose all their whiteness Inside of the harbor bar. Stately and fair ia the veasel That comes not near onr beach ; Stately and grand the mountain WtKwe height we never may reach. Oh ! Distance, thou dear enchanter, Still hold In thy magic veil The glory of far-off mountains, The gleam of the far-off sail I Hide In thy robes of splendor, O mountain cold and gray t 0 sail, In thy anowy whiteness, Come not Into port, 1 pray I — CarUtUa Perry. Breath of Song. From the minster's organ loft. Floating down the shadowed nave, Comes a strain of music soft, Filling as a weary wave * Falls upon the beach of sand, Murmurous and sweet and bland, Bearing from the mighty sea Messages of melody. There, alone, the organist Lets bis listless lingers go— Lost in a melodious mist— O'er the keyboard, to and fro ; There, half dreaming in the gloom, Sits the weaver at bis loom. Weaving with the threads of sound Music-woof the warp around. All unconsciously be hides Strains familiar tb hie theme When a master spirit glides Through the doorway of bis dream ; Mozart, Handel, Ctioptn, or Harmony's great conjuror— Rapt Beethoven—each ia part Of the dreamiug player's heart. So the poet dreams, nor heeds W ho may listen, who may hear ; Following where Fancy leads, She alone to btin is dear ; Omar, KeaU, Theocritus, In his voice may speak to ns From the realm of ages dim— These are In the heart of hlm ! Poets in the Held of Time, Since the world began, have sown Wide the precious seeds of rhyme, And to us to-day are blown Odors from thesegx*em flowers— Soelllinga of the later hours— Blossoming the fields along, Breathing the sweet biealh of song. —Frank iMmptler Sherman. Burnet Pardoned. •Jackson, Mi Kg., March 28.—To-day Gov. 8tonc pardoned Mr. W. M. Bur net, of Utica, Miss,, who wassentenced to eight years' imprisonment in the penitentiary two years ago on the ciiarge of manslaughter. Mr. Burnet has been very Tow with consumption, and was pardoned on that account. When ho went in two years ago he weighed nearly two hundred pounds, bat is now a mere skeleton, aud can not last much longer. The New Miuiuipjnan praises Gov. Nicholls for refusing to accept the $100,000 tendered tor use on the lo vées, by tho Louisiana State Lotten-, to save the homes aud lives of the peo ple of Louisiana, yet we see the Louis iana State Lottery advertisement in the New Mietisrippian. Is the New Mittiuippian more needy and desti tute than the people who arc threat ened with overflow and destruction, that it should receive money from a concern that it claims Gov. Nicholls did right in refusing to accept from for a deluged people? Oh, consistency ! thy name is not Edward, whose sur name is Martin.— Greenville Democrat. How to help ihe farmers is, says the Iowa Homestead, a difficult problem From the time of Solomon it has been truo that "the rich ruleth over the poor, and tiie borrower is ser vant to the leuder." The fariu«ruu|^^^Mj himself. The l^>rd ah\ nyr who help iheuwehj^iyTi out of debt a tqk^ -gyw V thi» he in thewfll.ijö ia 1 01 BH* John McC. Martin. A correspondent of the Clarion Ledger, recommending Mr. Martin as a good man for dolegale-at-largo to the constitutional convention, says : "He baa long since made for himself a reputation co-cxtensive with the state. If patriotism is to be consider ed in determining who are to be dele gates, 1 claim that Mr. Martin measures up to a high standard. If superior education aud familiarity with the political history of the country are requisites for a delegate, it may be said of hint, that, like most other rep resentatives of tho ITniversitiy of Vir ginia, ho does credit to this famous college. Studious by nature and by practice he has made exhaustive and special study of all the great political problems that have and are still arising under onr form of government. "If experience as a legislator is a re quisite, Mr. Martin's record shows two terms of service in the bouse of representatives and one in the senate of Mississippi. The tournais of the two houses will show that some of the most important measures before them from 1878 to 1886 were due to him as their author. "If the public business ought only to be entrusted to those who have prov en themselves successful in their own aftairs, then Mr. Martin is a proper man for delegate—lor he is one of Mississippi's first lawyers in all that appertains to bis profession—com manding a large practice, he is a most skillful practitioner, and a profound lawyer. "Mr. Martin is a man of great breadth of mind, conservative in all things, wedded to no hobby, firm as a rock when convinced that he is right, capable of imparting his views to others and impressing them upon his hearerav" American and English Locomotives. There will be in Scotland next year a trial between English and American locomotives. Giving the Amoricau locomotives their just due, there can be no question bat the English loco-' motives have larger and more durable wearing surfaces in proportion to the loads. Their driving boxes, and shoes and wedges, while having less work to do, have over 60 per cent, more wearing surface, and throughout the machine it is safe to say that greater attention is paid to durability in the English than in the American locomo tive. On the other hand our engines are superior in the general mountings ot the boilers aud in the accessibility of the parts for repairs. The Eugiish locomotive costs something over $12, 000 st a low rate for labor, while our own scarcely reaches $8,000. It is doubtful if the additional $4,000 is warranted by the increased durability of the English engine .—Lewiston Jour nal. SICK IN BED FOR 62 YEA&8. Miss Chloe Lank ton died in New Hartford, Conn., recently, in her seventy-eighth year. She was born in 1812. At her age of sixteen she was attacked by a malady which has kept her in bed ever since. She has lived sixty-two years in bed. The sick room was cosily ar ranged, so that she could help her self to many things. About thirty years ago the story of her life was written and published in the #«* day-School Union. When htr par ents died she was cared for by friends. She never complained, and was ever cheerful and patient. One of her great troubles was the difficulty of having her bed made. The late John C. Smith, of New Haven, invented a little derrick. The patient would have a strong cat« '*»« placed beneath her, which was ulUuhed by a simple tackle to the de^ck, aud she could he swung of! frotftjhe bed a9 if in a hammock. Mr. In ql^^^btuU for her an in l^khwasa great TOO MUCH POOD. A physician says; "Most peffiHfP eat four times as rnucMka ^ should. sician of a former ge^B almost the same tliingY fourth ot what we eat gol tain life, while three-fourths gn to imperil it. The foundation ot tho habit of over-eating is apt to belaid in childhood and youth, since the stomach then seems able to bear al most anything. There would bo little danger of eating too much, if the food were always plain and sim ple ; in that case, the natural appe tite would be a safe and sufficient guide. Tho trouble is that tho na tural appetite is too often spoiled by cakes,pies,condiments andJugW-. ly seasoned food. of dyspepsia is emotional waste of nervous force. In the normal dition of things, it is renewed as fast as it is used. But nature makes no provision for the immense a inount expended by excessive care, by fuss and worry, by harry and drive, by explosions of passion,and j by the unduo excitements of picas ure. All these are like a great leak-| age of steam. The stomach iB thol first and largest sharer in the loss I Another source is overwork of th<M brain. A brain-worker generally neglects physical exercise and cur4 tails sleep. He is like the careless ft An eminen Another source engineer who, while driving at the highest speed, fails to supply needed wood and water. He can not help being a dyspeptic. An other cause, which generally acts with all thé others, is a lack of ac tive exhilarating ont-door exercise and recreation. Such exercise and recreation are absolutely essential. It is vastly easier to prevent dys pepsia than to cure it.— t's. tho Carlyle on America. From the "Latter Day Pamph lets" wequote, in an abridged form, the following well-known passage, for the entertainment of those of I our readers to whom it may be new Carlyle had a poor opinion of u^ Americans ; but this unfiatterinl criticism was written forty yet^j ago,juid if the grim old mi alive possibly he migh a little more rcspectftU^Bj Of America it wouljB any Englishman to speH if nil/ of us even fcM enough, America is a flfl many respects, a blesseM ful phenomenon. BiJË these hardy millions of on men prove themselves! of their genealogy ; aud, w and plough and hammer, artJtri phantly clearing out wido%pices, afield* for the sustenance 'and refuge of mankind, arenas fo t the future history of. the vor Id ; doing, in their day and generation, a cred itable and cheering leat under tho sun. um But os to a model republic, or a model anything, the wi«e amont themselves know too well that tljfl is nothing to he said. Nay of title to bea nation at all, the nations of the worl thing they Kre butat, #g tor, and indqed have ndVfflu done much to wards attaining. Their constitution, sucfi a* it may be, was made here, not there ; went over with them from the old Puritan English workA shop ready-made. Deduct wh* they carried with them from Enfl| hind ready-made, and what new elements of polity, of nationhood, what nobla new phasis of human arrangement,or social device worthy of Prometheus or of Epimcthe»»», yet comes to light in America ? Cotl ton crops and Indian corn and dolj lars come to light ; and half a world of untilled land, where populations that respect the constable can live for the present with government. I foresee that, long before the waste lands are full, the very street constable will have become impos sible ; without the waste lands, as here in our Europe, I do not see how he could continue possible many weeks. Cease to brag to me of America and its model institu tions and constitutions. ^America's battle is yet to fight ; |j!|hfl|g_^rowful, though nothing ^fcw^tcr strength for it. enormous . were ev«-r HÉNmI hideous«! is m v.