VOL. XV--NEW SERIES.
POUT GIBSON, MISS., FRIDAY MORNING, APRIL 11,1890.
JACKSON TO CINCINNATI
Entiro Train,Baggage Curs,Day Conch
es ami Sleeping Cara run tin.High
without change,from Meridian,
The Short Line via
The Carolinas and Virginia,
Sited, Marios, Eilte
The Shortllne via Cincinnati to
CHICAGO. CLEVELAND, BUFFALO
Niagara Falle and Canada,
The Adirondack and White Mountains,
^ew Eupliind Oiliat*,
And all pointa North and East.
fiF All Through Trains pass around
the base of Lookout Motirtnio, along
the shore of the Emory River, over the
Famous High Bridge and through the
Blue ßias» Region of Kentucky to Cen
tral Union Depot, where connecti*»n is
made for the North and East without
imuster, through the city.
For further in format ion address
C. II. Caninhun, Agent, J«o' son.Miss.
I. Hardy, A. 0. P. A.. Vick «burg, Mia»
N. A. But hx», TravL.V Birmingham Ala
F. M. Comfort, T. A P, A.. Vicksburg.
J). (J. Edwards,
G 1*. & T A.
J. C- Gault,
DR. R. G. WHARTON
Offer« hi« nrofi'»»|o«ial services to the
people of Port Gitn*on and vieil)*y. Ol*
lice next door to 1rs imiilrtiw.
Fort Gibson, Feb. 16, 1888.
DR, Is. A. SMITH,
Offer« hi« nrofciMlnnnl «civic** to the
Office over Goep« 1'«
Pont Out »ON Jan 0 I8HS.
Evon 2Æ. I3a.rt>er
till PRACTIC E IN THE COURTS OF
L Cl »1 borne and adjoint«« conn»!«« ; »'->
1« il«* Sup« K«*dcral courts at Jackson.
Spectat atteiiuftn to colkntlon of claim.
Do«, u !•«!»> m "V«T Wswra«'« barber »bop.
Port Gibson, Sr pi. iB, IB._
n J.B.ASK2.W, I
ÄT0WER3' NEW BUILDING,
10. ii. ROBBING, D. D. B.,
and Shaving done with
C. A. FRENCH.
mnK w-. h«im»
-WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALER IN- —
Foreign and Domestic Drugs
MIXED FAIHTS FROM PUTS Td GAI.L0H3,
White lead, boiled and raw linseed oil, lard oil, ucatsfoot oil, turpentine
aud ail kinds of lubricating oils. Window glass all sizes cut to order.
20 Barrels Putty, 50 Bibs. Lamp Black .
JOHN . H ALPIN lUuaf.
JOHN F. HALPIN CO
lo>. 117 and 120 lnlb«rry Street, Vlckakorg, Usa,
Flour, Bleat, Hay, Corn, Oats and Bran. Alabama Lime, Portland and
Roacdale Cement,'a specialty.
NEW FURNITURE STORE.
Stowers' Piano & Furniture Co.,
Corner Mam and Fair Streets.
Will keep on hand pie largest and most complete lot of furuitore ever
brought to Port Oibson, including bed«tead«, bureaus, dres«eis,waidistandH,
fl unk«, clocks, mattresses, lounge«, tin «et«, spring beds, chairs, tables, mir
ror«, safes, wardrobes, window «hades, painting», and everything in our line.
We will sell for cash at rock bottom prices, and on lil*eral installments to
town trade or parties living near Port Hibson. Call and see us aud judge
for yourselves. We buy from manufacturers and sell to consumers.
33- 'W*. SCOTT, Manager.
M iVW MEMPHIS WEEKLY AVALANCHE//#
\^\ A TWZLVS-PAGZ"DEMOCRATIC PAPEB./Àÿ/
CONTAINS ALL THE NEWS OF THE DAY. /SJ/ j
lABLI EDITORIALS, CAREFULLY-SELECTED / F
V MATTER, TAUCAOE'S SERMONS, ORIG- / T/ W
\ INAL STORIES, AND A VARIETY 0?
W BEADING THAT MAKES DP A
OBZLtHaa had 4 Dlatrl
t io na and haa given away
10,000. The namea and
X&.— SitL000 *~-ÄI
Circulars showing ^
addresses of parties
\jw always Pub
$1,000 In Cash GlHs t
... 1 H L V t R - .V Hi i P t '«
usual ccxxmisy an lams nurn lot ra aunts obit.
vn ffj nn FhaTZAB'S stjbscbxptk
lllll JilWv WHIOH INCLUDES THS DISTRIBUTIONS.
The State of Mississumt,
T<* M.irtliii Oweu.Conleliji Gimtilt Far
ror Girault ami Janie* Girault:
Y<*u are conini imifti to appear before
tli« chancery court of the county of Clai
borne, iu sanl state, on the
Third Esnday of April, 1880.
to »liw cause if any y*«i can why the fin
al a' eoiim of M. A. Mitcliell.aaministra
tnr ®f Mn- «Mat* of. lohn I. Mitchell. <le
CBiMil, shouhl not Ik* allowed as state«l.
A. K. Jones. Clerk.
You are commanded to appear before
tlie chnnoerv court of the county or Clai
borne, in said state, on the
3rd Koatoy ot April. «3.
m.)». .*.»>. if cn, »I,, Um
final account of Wiu. Cahn, executor of
the estate of Carter Braxton, deceased
should not be allowed, and said executor
disc hared from further accounting tliere
A. K. Jon es. Clerk.
A/.ireli 21, lrtWO.
The St.itk of Mississippi,
To llenriottn Jf irtin
You are foinmundni to appear before
the chancery court of Claiborne county,
in said state, on tho
Third Monday of April. 1890.
to defend the suit in said court of John
11. «Martin, wherein you are defendant.
A. K. Jones. Clerk.
A/itrch 21, 1800.
Summons in Chancery.
Tiie State of Mississippi,
To Dnve Braxton, Sarah Johnson and
Afareh 14, 1890.
Citation in Chancery.
The State or Mississippi,
To W. H. Llpreoinb, J K. Lipscomb, J. M.
Liptcomb, Hobt. Llpocomb, Kicbard Llps
comb, Labt ltd« Lipscomb, Fannie Willlam
«OII, 11*1 tin Moseley, F. ill Ilia Lipscomb, J. P.
Ltpaeomb Jr., Wtllle 8. Co»by, E. H. Forsru
Bon, J. J- Stamp», John Gatewood, Monroe
Gatewood, J. E. Gatewood and Sammle
You are coin mande- 1 to appear before the
chain-cry court of the county of Claiborne, In
said »rate on the
Thirl J* 0 Eia 7 cf April. 1890.
to show cause, If any you can. why the final
loocoant'of N. 8 Walker, administrator of the
L-atitte of Dr E. McAllister, deceased, ahou.d
Riot be allowed os stated.
A. K JONF8, Clerk.
larch 28, 1890.
^>o not delay, but send in
|r subscription to the
An pi on Prtper of the
The Times Democrat
Ivy Orleans—Daily and
Jr. It has the largest
Orleans Picayune haa re
ady subscription price of
. . .
|t M to ft a Sent. It » j
with .tàe I
A Water Telescope.
No doubt many boys arc ignorant
of the fact that they can,with very
little trouble and expense,construct
an instrument with which they can
plainly see what is going on under
the water over which they sail their
The water telescope may be made
of wood, or ol tin, whichever you
prefer. The tin is better, because
it is lighter and more easily handled.
Its manufacture is very simple.
Get a tinsmith to make you a fun
nel-shaped tin horn about 3 teet
long. It should be eight or ten
inches in diameter at the bottom,
and broad enough at the top for
both eyes to look into. Into the
bottom put a piece of glass, cut to
fit, and make it perfectly water
tight. Leave the top open. The
inside should be painted black to
prevent the reflection of the light
upon the surface of the tin. Around
outside < fthe bottom solder on
8evera l «inkers to offset the buoy
ari/ ,„ - ..
ancy of the air m the water-tight
"T" "" 1 ' , nlak ° ■> .*> submerge
N, 1 » oou oonlenUoget. round
of glass, have the large end
made square and use square glass,
That's all there is of it, and when
you sink the instrument down into
tho water and put your eyes to the
rttnall end you will be perfectly as
tonished at the plainness with which
you will see all kinds of fish and
water animals swimming around in
a state of nature.
A great many of you go on boat
ing aud picnic parties, and you can
imagine now much such a contriv
ance would add to j'our amusement
and pleasure, to say nothing of the
instruction derived trom studying
the inhabitants of the water at home.
Using the principle of a water
telescope, a well-known naturalist
had a boat made with a glass in the
bottom, through which he could see
every movement of thousands of fish
as they swam along through the
clear water. Fishermen in Norway
u»e the water telescope at their
work with the best results, some
times discovering a new kind of fish
that might otherwise have escaped
N. Y. World.
A farmer, in this office, a few day
ago, summed up eleven years' fiuanni
experience in about this wav: I bouyg
a farm and borrowed $1,600 at 10j||
cent, interest to pay for it,
managed to keep the Interest ■
but I still owe the $1,600. Vm
in interest more than tho Æ^L
In 1867 James 'a
nc( ^j cu t wgg
THE SUEZ CANAL.
▲ Ditch la the Detert Abcut Ore Hundred
The Suez cau&i ia about one hundred
miles long. It it one-twelfth the length
ot the Red Sea, into which it conducts
the waters of the Mediterranean, aud
these two bodies of wator are nearly
of tho same level. The canal is well
described as a ditch in the dosert.
The ditch is about three hundred feet
wide at the top aud one hundred aud
fifty feet wide at the bottom, and tho
water withiu it is as quiet as n mill
pond. It is of a deep sea-green, aud
the contrast of this color with the bare
yellow sands which line the banks
makes It beautiful. The canal is so
uarrow that ships can pass only at
certain points. The average depth is
about 24 feet, aud many ol the siiips
which pass through are more than 20
feet in the water. Thero is so little
water under the bottoms that there
can be no great speed.
The bauks of this canal are of dry
and thirsty sand, in some places they
are kept back by pavements of stone,
in others by a net-work of twigs like
the jetties of the Mississippi. It cost
nearly $100,000,000 to build the canal.
One of the great problems in making
the canal was fresh wutcr for the work
men. The work was begun in 1868,
and tho ruler of Egy pt provided 26,000
laborers. They were relieved every
three months, but it was necessary to
feed them. It took 4,000 water casks,
wluch were carried on the backs of
camels, to supply them with drinking
water, and this was kept up for five
years. At the end of that time a fresh
water canal was arranged so that water
was carried front the Nile to Ismailia,
aud there is now a pipe which runs
the whole length of the caual, aud
which carries fresh water from one
cud ot it to the other.
The work ot building harbors at
j Port Said and Suez was vary expen
sive. The piers at Port Said are made
of artificial stone composed ol desert
sand aud cement. The machinery to
ina'^e them wa« brought front France
j aud tiie stones were made to throw
into the sea. Each stone weighed
twenty tons, and it took .'*000 'of these
massive rocks to form the bases of
j these piers. Ou top ot this foundation
the piers were built .—Correspondence
New York World.
How to Drink Milk.
Don't swallow milk fast and in sucb
big gulps. Sip it slowly. Take four
minutes at least to finish that glassful,
aud don't take more than a good tea
spoonful at one sip.
When milk goes into your stomach
it is instantly curdled. If you driuk a
large quantity at once, it is curdled
into one big mass, on the outside of
of which only the juices of the stomach
can work. If you drink it in little
sips, each little sip is curdled up by
itself and the whole glassful finally
finds itself in a loose lump made up of
little lumps, through, around, and a
mong which the the stomach's juices
may percolate and dissolve the whole
speedily and simultaneously.
Many people who like milk and
know its value as a strength-giver,
think they cannot use it because it
gives them indigestion. Most of them
could use it freely if they would only
drink it in the way 1 have described,
or if they would, better still, drink it
hot Hot milk seems to lose a good
deal of Us density; yon would almost
think it had been watered ; and it also
seems to lose much of its sweetness,
which is cloying to some appetites.
If the poor only knew and appre
ciated the value of milk taken in this
way, I am sure there would not be so
much beer-drinking among them.
There are thousands of hard-working
scrubwomen, washwomen,factory girls,
and even shop girls, in this city,
who drink beer with their meals
because it gives a little stimulus to
tbeir tired bodies, and don't under
stand that it is only like applying a
whip to a weary horse, Instead of giv
ing him oat*. If they only know, they
would find in this simple draught as
much real strength as in a barrel
beer .—New York Tribune.
Wholesale Foreclosure of Moi
Mays Landing, N. J., ApriA
misfortune which ha* coiiu Ay
farmers of the town at
cause* intense cxcitei(|i Âi
The sails we see on the ocean
Are at white aa white can be ;
But never one In the harbor
Aa white as the sails at sea.
And tbs cloud» that crown the mountain
With purple and golden light
Turn to cold gray mist and vapor
Ere ever we reach the height.
The mountains wear crowns of glory
Only when »een from afar ;
And tue sails lose all their whiteness
Inside of the harbor bar.
Stately and fair ia the veasel
That comes not near onr beach ;
Stately and grand the mountain
WtKwe height we never may reach.
Oh ! Distance, thou dear enchanter,
Still hold In thy magic veil
The glory of far-off mountains,
The gleam of the far-off sail I
Hide In thy robes of splendor,
O mountain cold and gray t
0 sail, In thy anowy whiteness,
Come not Into port, 1 pray I
— CarUtUa Perry.
Breath of Song.
From the minster's organ loft.
Floating down the shadowed nave,
Comes a strain of music soft,
Filling as a weary wave *
Falls upon the beach of sand,
Murmurous and sweet and bland,
Bearing from the mighty sea
Messages of melody.
There, alone, the organist
Lets bis listless lingers go—
Lost in a melodious mist—
O'er the keyboard, to and fro ;
There, half dreaming in the gloom,
Sits the weaver at bis loom.
Weaving with the threads of sound
Music-woof the warp around.
All unconsciously be hides
Strains familiar tb hie theme
When a master spirit glides
Through the doorway of bis dream ;
Mozart, Handel, Ctioptn, or
Harmony's great conjuror—
Rapt Beethoven—each ia part
Of the dreamiug player's heart.
So the poet dreams, nor heeds
W ho may listen, who may hear ;
Following where Fancy leads,
She alone to btin is dear ;
Omar, KeaU, Theocritus,
In his voice may speak to ns
From the realm of ages dim—
These are In the heart of hlm !
Poets in the Held of Time,
Since the world began, have sown
Wide the precious seeds of rhyme,
And to us to-day are blown
Odors from thesegx*em flowers—
Soelllinga of the later hours—
Blossoming the fields along,
Breathing the sweet biealh of song.
—Frank iMmptler Sherman.
•Jackson, Mi Kg., March 28.—To-day
Gov. 8tonc pardoned Mr. W. M. Bur
net, of Utica, Miss,, who wassentenced
to eight years' imprisonment in the
penitentiary two years ago on the
ciiarge of manslaughter. Mr. Burnet
has been very Tow with consumption,
and was pardoned on that account.
When ho went in two years ago he
weighed nearly two hundred pounds,
bat is now a mere skeleton, aud can
not last much longer.
The New Miuiuipjnan praises Gov.
Nicholls for refusing to accept the
$100,000 tendered tor use on the lo
vées, by tho Louisiana State Lotten-,
to save the homes aud lives of the peo
ple of Louisiana, yet we see the Louis
iana State Lottery advertisement in
the New Mietisrippian. Is the New
Mittiuippian more needy and desti
tute than the people who arc threat
ened with overflow and destruction,
that it should receive money from a
concern that it claims Gov. Nicholls
did right in refusing to accept from
for a deluged people? Oh, consistency !
thy name is not Edward, whose sur
name is Martin.— Greenville Democrat.
How to help ihe farmers is, says the
Iowa Homestead, a difficult problem
From the time of Solomon it has been
truo that "the rich ruleth over the
poor, and tiie borrower is ser vant to
the leuder." The fariu«ruu|^^^Mj
himself. The l^>rd ah\ nyr
who help iheuwehj^iyTi
out of debt a tqk^ -gyw V
John McC. Martin.
A correspondent of the Clarion
Ledger, recommending Mr. Martin as
a good man for dolegale-at-largo to
the constitutional convention, says :
"He baa long since made for himself
a reputation co-cxtensive with the
state. If patriotism is to be consider
ed in determining who are to be dele
gates, 1 claim that Mr. Martin measures
up to a high standard. If superior
education aud familiarity with the
political history of the country are
requisites for a delegate, it may be
said of hint, that, like most other rep
resentatives of tho ITniversitiy of Vir
ginia, ho does credit to this famous
college. Studious by nature and by
practice he has made exhaustive and
special study of all the great political
problems that have and are still arising
under onr form of government.
"If experience as a legislator is a re
quisite, Mr. Martin's record shows
two terms of service in the bouse of
representatives and one in the senate
of Mississippi. The tournais of the
two houses will show that some of the
most important measures before them
from 1878 to 1886 were due to him as
"If the public business ought only to
be entrusted to those who have prov
en themselves successful in their own
aftairs, then Mr. Martin is a proper
man for delegate—lor he is one of
Mississippi's first lawyers in all that
appertains to bis profession—com
manding a large practice, he is a most
skillful practitioner, and a profound
"Mr. Martin is a man of great
breadth of mind, conservative in all
things, wedded to no hobby, firm as a
rock when convinced that he is right,
capable of imparting his views to
others and impressing them upon his
American and English Locomotives.
There will be in Scotland next year
a trial between English and American
locomotives. Giving the Amoricau
locomotives their just due, there can
be no question bat the English loco-'
motives have larger and more durable
wearing surfaces in proportion to the
loads. Their driving boxes, and shoes
and wedges, while having less work
to do, have over 60 per cent, more
wearing surface, and throughout the
machine it is safe to say that greater
attention is paid to durability in the
English than in the American locomo
tive. On the other hand our engines
are superior in the general mountings
ot the boilers aud in the accessibility
of the parts for repairs. The Eugiish
locomotive costs something over $12,
000 st a low rate for labor, while our
own scarcely reaches $8,000. It is
doubtful if the additional $4,000 is
warranted by the increased durability
of the English engine .—Lewiston Jour
SICK IN BED FOR 62 YEA&8.
Miss Chloe Lank ton died in New
Hartford, Conn., recently, in her
seventy-eighth year. She was born
in 1812. At her age of sixteen she
was attacked by a malady which
has kept her in bed ever since.
She has lived sixty-two years in
bed. The sick room was cosily ar
ranged, so that she could help her
self to many things. About thirty
years ago the story of her life was
written and published in the #«*
day-School Union. When htr par
ents died she was cared for by
friends. She never complained,
and was ever cheerful and patient.
One of her great troubles was the
difficulty of having her bed made.
The late John C. Smith, of New
Haven, invented a little derrick.
The patient would have a strong
cat« '*»« placed beneath her, which
was ulUuhed by a simple tackle to
the de^ck, aud she could he swung
of! frotftjhe bed a9 if in a hammock.
Mr. In ql^^^btuU for her an in
TOO MUCH POOD.
A physician says; "Most peffiHfP
eat four times as rnucMka ^
sician of a former ge^B
almost the same tliingY
fourth ot what we eat gol
tain life, while three-fourths gn to
imperil it. The foundation ot tho
habit of over-eating is apt to belaid
in childhood and youth, since the
stomach then seems able to bear al
most anything. There would bo
little danger of eating too much, if
the food were always plain and sim
ple ; in that case, the natural appe
tite would be a safe and sufficient
guide. Tho trouble is that tho na
tural appetite is too often spoiled
by cakes,pies,condiments andJugW-.
ly seasoned food.
of dyspepsia is emotional waste of
nervous force. In the normal
dition of things, it is renewed as
fast as it is used. But nature makes
no provision for the immense a
inount expended by excessive care,
by fuss and worry, by harry and
drive, by explosions of passion,and j
by the unduo excitements of picas
ure. All these are like a great leak-|
age of steam. The stomach iB thol
first and largest sharer in the loss I
Another source is overwork of th<M
brain. A brain-worker generally
neglects physical exercise and cur4
tails sleep. He is like the careless
engineer who, while driving at the
highest speed, fails to supply
needed wood and water. He can
not help being a dyspeptic. An
other cause, which generally acts
with all thé others, is a lack of ac
tive exhilarating ont-door exercise
and recreation. Such exercise and
recreation are absolutely essential.
It is vastly easier to prevent dys
pepsia than to cure it.— t's.
Carlyle on America.
From the "Latter Day Pamph
lets" wequote, in an abridged form,
the following well-known passage,
for the entertainment of those of I
our readers to whom it may be new
Carlyle had a poor opinion of u^
Americans ; but this unfiatterinl
criticism was written forty yet^j
ago,juid if the grim old mi
alive possibly he migh
a little more rcspectftU^Bj
Of America it wouljB
any Englishman to speH
if nil/ of us even fcM
enough, America is a flfl
many respects, a blesseM
ful phenomenon. BiJË
these hardy millions of
on men prove themselves!
of their genealogy ; aud, w
and plough and hammer, artJtri
phantly clearing out wido%pices,
afield* for the sustenance 'and
refuge of mankind, arenas fo t the
future history of. the vor Id ; doing,
in their day and generation, a cred
itable and cheering leat under tho
But os to a model republic, or a
model anything, the wi«e amont
themselves know too well that tljfl
is nothing to he said. Nay of
title to bea nation at all,
the nations of the worl
thing they Kre butat, #g tor, and
indqed have ndVfflu done much to
wards attaining. Their constitution,
sucfi a* it may be, was made here,
not there ; went over with them
from the old Puritan English workA
shop ready-made. Deduct wh*
they carried with them from Enfl|
hind ready-made, and what new
elements of polity, of nationhood,
what nobla new phasis of human
arrangement,or social device worthy
of Prometheus or of Epimcthe»»»,
yet comes to light in America ? Cotl
ton crops and Indian corn and dolj
lars come to light ; and half a world
of untilled land, where populations
that respect the constable can live
for the present with government.
I foresee that, long before the
waste lands are full, the very street
constable will have become impos
sible ; without the waste lands, as
here in our Europe, I do not see
how he could continue possible
many weeks. Cease to brag to me
of America and its model institu
tions and constitutions.
^America's battle is yet to fight ;
|j!|hfl|g_^rowful, though nothing
^fcw^tcr strength for it.
. were ev«-r
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