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f PiliM WIIlM mTOKS'IliE .
t.F I K r iiR T A I"J A Hill OPINION OF THE U TILITr OF PF.K lOnlC L PUBLICATIONS. jR'OSIUER SJOII EASY VEHICLES Vf KSOWI.KUUE MORE HAPflLY CALCULATED TItAM ANY OTIIf R,TO PR I'.SKRV E THE I A BERT Y, 8TIM0LATK THE l.VDUBTR Y, & f UO ATE THE MOIt A Li OF A FREE I I.Ol'LK. ll'd'huiglc:',. TYLRK. DEVOTED TO SEWS; POJ&TICAL, SCIENTIFIC 'COMMERCIAL, AGRICULTURAL AND MISCELLANEOUS INFORMATION. THREE DOLLARS, IN ADVANCE. VOLUME 1. PONOLA, PONOLA COUNTY, MISSISSIPPI, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 29, 1813. NUMBER 3. FOR Mi' --- K By F-X ' - L $ "THE UtfaSTER. fY..r.fl piMish'-d svr-y WrpNCJUAY at tiiheb omur.i in ad -.mc. Subscribers who !o not par i advaaca, n-'.H itt.-arlafely bs charged fjjr dollars. AdvertUeinfii i inserted for one dollar per nq.iare (of tin liaf a or less,) for the first insertion, and fifty ennts fur each subsequent insertion. Advertisements whieh exceed ten lines, charg ed ten cants rer line for the first, and five cents for each insertion afterwards. Yr.AfiLY AnvERTisixn. A deduction will be made W those who advertise by the year to a s if fient amount to make it for the inteiest of mer chant! and others. Vlvertissments ;,t l'ne direct line of busi ngs of tha yearly advertiser will be chared for il.:at-:'V Ot mi or'Jintry i..7-i Pr'if-o.n! afns, mi auera:in tor ino year, cvi'aining f.t .." or less tn dollnrs. T e namrs of candidates for county otTiees will l a i.ueftsd for five, dollar?, payment always in ad v:nccj an! Ftv.e o:Tfas tsn dollars. r.e:tio;i tickets will never be delivered 'till paid for. . PjIi'loI cireolnr'or comnTin:cit;o;is 01 only an i-vlivid'ial interest, will be chargd nt half price of o.-dimry advertisements and mutt be paid in ndvniife. Advertisements not marked with the number of insertions will le continued 'till lorhid, and any alterations made, sftor insert! n charged ext. a. Advertising patron will favor us by handing in the.'r advertisements as early after oorrsgilar p jblic ition dnys as convenient not later in any cur-?, ifposilde, tha t Monlnytrght Al! JOB-V.'OltK must be vaid fcr on de'iv- r-;.'TA-;E m iutiepaiil on nil i-tt-r-, or tne.y wn rot b a'tpn .-1 i to. r- HX W7 -wn'J V ! I l , U ? C A ft 1 it ! I ' ' I r i rr -r -v I lTirilf ItKTin , insmidirom .Hampms arrives on i aesaays . nrenow complete, anlhe nnmbers among tbe en an l Sat r.days, at 12 o'clock M. and departs nn- I givers whose K-.-victs are constantly retained, mediately. ! Tu-:ker, Prritb, Warner, fi o'clock P. M. aal departs o.t Mondays at G oVlock A. :,L Tha mail front Grenada, arrive on Sunday? at G o'clock P. and departs Fridays at 6 o' clock A. M. Tha mail fro n Carro'dto i p.rrives Tiviiida'.s at C o'clock P. M. A. M. and deaar fondavs at G o'clock LITSRAIIY. DOMF.STIC. 4- FASHION A P.Tii: FAMILY MAGAZOsE. , y j TliTl TiOVfJ K?TAI?T,IsHEi) Hrtfter cf CTrtc. iJ.l'ion, nr.S Tb - neHr i,ettje!. TOR THE LVI)!fi3 OF AMERICA. ODEY'3 I ADY'S COOK having been for 5so long a flrjfies of years, nnivcrally recogni 70.1 as the ex.tlasive and indisputable guid i to ths tairsex, in matters of taste, fashion, and lif-ra-ti;e tha o ily work 'conducted by di.-ting iishad female author.?, who ha .-e v on for thoms'jlvcs a Itigh place amoae ther tidicz sirits of thi asir ihe onlv wa.k v hicii in poir.t of fartdn i b -en rx rljsivelydvotod to tbe ladles its fa-or with its 1' if patrons tnsn t bien los,i remarkable than its parget a-.iaptat'oa t their feelings and iat.s and t'seir rrv.-iirn.in-n'.s. In e;it ri -g npon a new year, the p di i di-:', withont dim'nlshingin the hart that d;."r a:vl uTiful 1'frature, which Ins so long re- : t..i fr m hyhi ; 's-id.i- co ttr'.batio.t t'.n n-t'ts i ' . , writers. v, i,l. -as eac.i k i.-.css;ve n Vnoir a;i- r American i e i. ;a ryjar.-. ik-imu in the ssveral d.ipat:nents oi iitter- aturc, Fashion, and Pictorial F.mbslii ;hm?n ronrta-.t a id eve , r v.-. , i varv in s i.:c?3fi;on cl nmv and .:rifciaS f;vt ,rrs. Nor does he p.omiss without "'X ,4.,,. ample ab.hty to perform. In best raty ta - -ent, the best efiorts of the most disf.ng-u.died.artists u' jrl raid.'l in th- co-jntry-nn !, to crown as well as adorn the j t. '. u v!,oh, the most perfect arrangements for thi re- j u ' ' . rention of the American. London and-! an i'aso- i v.i", fa in ad.an:a of any other publication in this coo.it-.-. enable him to assure the patrons oi , r , i itthe firthcom rg vol"me the LADY' -? ROOIi that rvill more than. justify its well earned title of the .Magazine of .Magizin s for tho ladies cf our country. It has passed into cni-tMi to r)3-;?rt that dress is a ma;ter of trifling inipor:r.;i?, but this every lady hnows to be utterly false. Taste in dri's is 'ini varsilly fdtto be ths i.-.drx of a thousand desirable realities in woman, whllo o deficieney in this res pect always injures on- in the estimat on of stran gers, and even of tier intimote friend? thebeanty of I!e:on and the wii of Aspasin, would hardly commend to general favoran a.:knovl9dg?d dowdy in dress. Hence the importance cf an accrddit'td gui-do to ths Fadhioni. This useful ofiice, already fdlad fir f inrfen years, with universal acceptance, by the Lady's IJook, the piblislier pledges himself to dinc'iarg-j in future, in a style surpassing all his former efforts. Tho ladies know perfect'' well that our Magazine is the highest authority in Fashion. No ladyconsidershrrsrdf well dressed who con- j travenes this autaor.ty, and, in our own city, in ?. York, Huston, Ilaltimors, Cincinnati, Locisille, Lexington, -t. Loni-J, New Orleatis, Hlobile, Rich inond,Char'os ton, Savannah, and the other mttrop olitian cities of the various States, the ttstoful Fashion Plates of tho Lady's Dookdii late the laws ofdress. In future the figures will ba thrown into tasteful groups, displaying the graces ofdress to the best advantage, and the back grounds of the plates will present interesting views, designed by the first rate Artists. As a further assurance of thorough excellence in this department, the publisher has secured the ser vices of Miss LESLIE, who will illustrate tha Fashion Plat '8, in her usual felicitous and graph ic stylo, uniting a thorough knowledge of the sub ject, with a clear, graceful and intelligible man ner of treating it. I ler descriptions are worthy of the productions of liar own glowing pencil, which drew tho earliest Fashion Plates for the Lady's ibolc. Tiie pnblinliar'i correspondent in Taria is pos sessed of such ample. means of obtaining the real and present raris Fashion., and of transmitting tham in advance of all competitors, thatthe ladies may continue, as they have always done, to co;y from our plates what has received the sanction of indisputable ton, the last, the newest, tho best fash ions, fresh from Paris. TJae arrangements for p.oducing a most brilliant and attractive series of Line and Mezzotint En gravings are now complete. Pictares fresh from the easels of oar first rate American Artists, are now actually in the hands of tha ablest American engravers, the snbject3 embracing not only the usn al popular and domestic topics, but others which are interwoven into the very heartstrings of Amer ican nationality, treating as they do of stirring in 'Cidenti in the glorious and heroic age of America- With respect to the general literary and moral toneof tho Lady's Hook, for 1813, it will main tain its usnal consistent charncter of a domestic and fashionable family magazine. While such contributors as Miss Leslie, Miss Sedgwick, Mrs Hall, Mrs Embury, MrsE FEllet, Mrs Sigour ney, Mrs V 13 Howard, Mrs Seba Smith, Mrs A MF Annan. Mrs 13 Lee Hentz, Mrs Parsons, and Mrs S J Hale continue their contributions, tho Mantif.i! end tin n..r'il, all tha: charms the fancy and all that mends the heart and gjides the best affections of ournatSre, will continue to adorn and dignify oar pages. vThe lovers of historical romance, and thos3 who regard our nat'on's glory as the prima objects of our nation's literature, will have thsir peculiar tastes gratified by tlif; contributions of Or Robert M Bird, the antbor of 'the Gladiator', 'Calvar' !tc. The admirers of Southern scenery and manners will recognise with p'e9ure,amongourcorrcspond ents,the name of W GilmoreSimms the novelist, author of 'fiuy River,' 'Yemasses,' &c. Those who arepnitial to graceful, easy, nonclia halant, gntlcmanly story telling, will always hail with pleasure the monthly return of N P Wil lis, the mostpiq tant, lively and fertile of all mag azine WlitTIS The admirers of the high toned, moral and do ma th Nouvellett?, will rscogniss with pleasure, among our contrib-.it-:?, tha name of T S Arthur, authorcf six Nights with the Vas.bingtoniane, ire. CoRtiibntions are alro rt-ady from the pens of Professor Alexander Dallas IJache, late Principal of the Ph-hule'.phia High School, Professor John S'ande-son, author of 'a Year in Paris,' Professor John Frost, editor of 'the Young people's Pook. Onr limits will not give us fpace enocgh to cn nviirat? tha rtames of a tithe of our contributors. Our list of foreign contributors ii enrichad with ths r.arnos of .lonn.iaPadla, Mary Russell Tvlitford, Marv How'itt, .Maria I-ldgewort'i, Ilon..T7;8C. Xo-tf-n, .Vrs. S.C. rif.ll, rer:ogi:ised in Europe as the elite of British female anthors. The ptibli shsr's means nf increasing ths beauty and va'23 of th T.ndy's Book are nccnmftlating ytar by year. To hi3 already inestimable list of cop..;-iitta;s, he is constantly receivinii access. ons fc,, tj,0jna aild abroad ! His arrangements with respect to Or.irJiNAL v.. ... ...... w. 11 u.a Rodicrmel, Ftanker.stein, Croome, f'hrtpman, .Vacli? 1 runting Ion, C.-Jafsan, fiiuibradge, Jone3. ' 1 1 H.s whoM system of arrangements wtto respect , i i i ;i3.iiu:i i imos a m.v uavejopcu ann p Jrit ci-ju. The Lady's Hook will therefore continue to main tain that pron l pre-emin nce in mrit and in pop ularity, which lor.mnn ypar of n;iintrmitl?rl at tention on the part of the publisher has earned it will still remain, as heretofore, the favojutc of TJIE FAIT.. Term. Codry's Lady's Eoilt, 1 year in advance, do do 2yrs both in adv. a.tcs W wo COp-.s?, O03 year, n 23 .even co-jias, one-;ar. L. A. flOrF-Y, Piiblisp.-rs' ITr.ll, 101 Chestnut Ftrset, Pbil'a. At Clinton Miss. "VTTTILL commence the Fall and Winter sss V sion of five months on ."?d of October next. The faea'ty consists of Rev. Alexander Campbell, President; 'nv. Robert TvT'Lain, Professor of Ma thematics and Natoral Fbilosojihy; Edward Pic kett. M. D., Professor of ChsmistnRer G. Par- fit. rrinsipal of the PreparatoTV rteprmment, Tuition payable in advance. Piimary divis'.oi, per session. Ql2 0.1 Classical and scientific division, 18,flll Roarding and roam per month , 6,00 Students are rxpet3d to furnish their rooms with beddinj. furniture, &,c. and procure their own washing. AYashing can be had in town at from 2. to ,( cents per dozen 1 fhs feuiala Department, under the superinten dence nf the Pr.vddsnt of the College, .assisted by ?lis. II. l'.. fJillc-p-.e, and otaers will commence , 1 ,Q12 00 15 GO Lu 00 in rrjsic on piano, y. 0.1 in mtis'c on guitar, 20 00 i ' ' n r o i Roardin and room per month, J UJ ; 1 ' .. . ' ,. . . . , ioar;ii.iL, a;.;i io-i::i, x-itii lusi, iij;.i., ding and room furniture, washing, xc. iic per month, II 00 Dr. Pick? t is everted doring the win'er to de liver a coarse of lectures on chemistry accompan ied with experiments, for the benefit of both schools. By order of tho Pon r 1 i COW LES MEAD. President Hoard of Trustees. M. C. Cl i n ton, Se pt. Jd, 1812. .13 lf)w JOSEPffW"- CARROLL. FACTOrti COMMISSION MERCHANT, No. 90 Mc'nazine Street, Hefrr to, Jno. ii. McTvas F?q. Grenada, Mi'. Jno. D. McL-.rruore Esq. Oakland, MiK Jno. A . Hinford Esq. Carroll coaoty. .Mis. Cc-.unttssfoa J rrcfiar.t, IVVNOLiA, - Jlississippj, Having a commodious Warehouse at the steam boat landing, wiil pay strict attention to the Ite--eiving and Forwarding of Merchandise, C tton &c, a3 well as the tales of Produce or Groceries, on consignment. March 8th , 1 S 13. , 1 1 2m J. R. JEFFERSON $ Co. Cniamissibii Merchants, COTTON & TOBACCO FACTORS, JYj. 50, Camp Street, NEW'OKLEANS. September 17, 1842. 374m A. P. Gray & C'.imphcll, Commission and Forwarding MERCHANTS, No, 41, New Levee Street, New-Okleans. Ilavjng engaged tho services of Mr. R. T. Bryarly, he, together with our selves, will give particular attention to the sale of Cotton, and the transaction of" business generally, for account of the planters of North Mississippi. A. P. GRAY & CAMPBELL. -New Orleans. Dec. 5. 1842. .r0-13w nines Aberaiathy & Co., Memphis, Tenn, Jaincs'Abcrnatliy, Nsw Orleans, Offer their services 10 the public for the sale of COTTON; Selling, Receiv me and Forwarding Merchandize. We have employed Mr. O. E. VVIIcox, who will serve his acquaintances in Mis sissippi. December .31, 1C42. 1-tf Wonderful Mights in the Air The veneraMe American Lexico grapher lias thought it worth while to notice, in the New Haven Herald, the use which appears to have been made in recent publications, of certain atmos pheric phenomena, in reference to the great change which, it is said, is to come over the world this year. He says: ''To persons not accustomed to see any unusual phenomenon in the heavens, such a Aery appearance in the clouds must be terrific. Ignorance, m such ca ses is a calamity. I had seen most wonderful appearances in the clouds or heavens, and wa3 not in the least dis turbed. "In the dark day, May 19, 1780, the heavens were covered with a dense cloud for three or four hours; the Lcgisla ture was in session nl Hartford, r.nd such was the darkness that business could not be transacted without candles. During the time, the clouds were tinged with a yellow or faint red for hours, for which no cause has been assigned. I stood and viewed this phenomenon with astonishment, b it I had no fear that the world w as coining to an end. 'hi the evening of 20th March, 1782, an extraordinary light spread over the whole hemisphere from horizon to hor- ;20n, nor,l, an south, cast and WCSt The light was of a yellow cast, and wa vy. The wuving of the light was visi ble, and some persons heard, or im magined they heard, h slight rustling sound. I then resided in Goshen, Or ange county, New York, and stood half an hour on a bridge over the Wall Kill, to witness this extraordinary phenome non, but I saw no person that was frigh tened at the sight. 'In the year 17C3, a great part of Europe was for weeks overspread with a haziness of atmosphere which caused great consternation; the churches were crowded with snrmlirvint. Tbo omcr Lalande:aucmn;ed to allav the rbynJcavon utgui oy enueavoring the appearance, which he ascribed to an uncommon exhalation of watery parti cles from the great rain of the preced ing year. But at last the cause was ascertained lobe smoke from the great eruption of the volcano Hecla, in Ice land, which covered more than three thousand square miles with burning la va, in some places to the depth of forty feet. I had this account from Dr. Frank" lin, who was in Europe at that time. 'Iu a late paper, published by the Millerites, 1 saw an article stating that the northern lights foretell something terrible. The writer seems not to know that in the high northern lati tudes, in the sixteenth degree and north ward, northern lights are of daily oc currence, and so have been from time immemorial. So illuminated are t lie heavens, that persons may often see to read in the night. "These lights occasionally come to far south as to illuminate the sky in our latitude. Sometimes they do not appear for many years. At the close of the seventeenth and beginning of the eio-h-teenth century, those lights were not seen for a long period, and when they-' re-appeared about the year 1817, our ancestors, who had not seen or heard of them, were all alarmed, and aetually supposed the day of judgment was come. ''During my life, I have been so ac customed to see northern lights, falling stars so called, and fire balls, that they have long since ceased to excite my cu riosity, 'Nearly thirty years ago I read an article in a Vermont paper, stating that the northern light, on acertain evening? was so low as to be visible between the spectator and a distant mountain. N. WEBSTER." IliIily Important to Dandies. The New York correspondent of the National Intelligencer ono N. P. Wil lis says in a recent lettter: I do not know you care to cater for tho taste of tho dandies among your readers, but it may interest here and there a mouslacldo at Washington to know that, by the latest accounts from Paris, all fashion in gentlemen's appar el and outer seeming is al an end. An attempt having lately been made to re introduce the fashion of short hair and to abandon straps and suspenders, (the waistcoat covering the waist to the hips,) it was fully conceded by the tailors and hair-dresses that among noticeable men there were no three followers of any peculiar style "costume, and that, to tho great praise of human ingenuity, every dandy in Paris seemed to have worked out his separate idiosyncrasy. I can not imagine a greater consternation than will be spread by this dynasty cf variety over the stereotyped classes of this country. We are, as 1 have re marked in a previous letter, the most gregarious people on earth, aud in any cfowd, such as Broadway on Sunday, it requires sharp practice to distinguish ong person from another, so exactly are all men of all ages alike. Fancy the dismay of each New York "particular',, if he is inexorably compelled to invent a costume sui generis lor himself. My observing informan, who is lately from Paris, tells me, however, they continue to wear the full complement of beard, and that this, appendage seems to have become a fixture to be rated hereafter : with the nose and eyes, and worn, as God pleases. Amputation of the Keg during a state i of Somnipathy. The first case of a surgical operation, as far as wo know, ever performed in this country, was detailed in the fourth number of the Majrnet. The following extraordinary relation is from the Lon don correspondent of Journal of Com merce: IV. Y. Mjgnet. The most extraordinary surgical op pcration has been performed, the par ticulars of which will be found detailed in a couple of columns of the Mornin Herald of the 2Gih ult. James Wom bell 42, a laboring man, had suffered for a period of five years with a pain ful affection of the left knee joint. He was admitted into the hospital at Wel low in Nottinghamshire, and it was de cided that an amputation should take place above the knee joint, and it was I accordingly done while the patient was I "de.r tl'C i,,n.ucnco.of mcsmGric s,ceP! the 1st October ,ibi. wonderful! oficration was tnus periormed,a3 given in the words of tho mesmeriser, one Mr. W. Topham, a lawyer of the Mid- dlj Temple, Lonilon; "I again rncsmer-' ised him m four minutes. In a quarter j o: an hour I told Mr. W. Squire Wood (the operator.) that he might commence. v I O v.... . i.. -n. , 1 then brought two fingers ofcach hand gtntly in contact with Wombcll's closed cjelids, and there kept them still fur ther to deepen the sleep. Mr. rard a fcr one earnest look at the man, slow- i Ij plunged his knife into the centre of tl e outer sida of the thigh, directly to tc bone, and then made a clear incision I rpund the bono to tho opposite point on the outside of the thigh. Thc stillness! vt this moment was something awful. "Jhe calm respiration of tho sleeping' nan alone was heard, for all others vere suspended. In making the second iscisicn the position of the leg was found to be more inconvenient than it had ap peared, and the operator could not pro ceed with his former facility. Soon af ter the second incision a moaning was heard from the patient, which continued at intervals until the conclusion. It gave mo the idea of a troubled dream, for his sleep continued as profound as ever. Thc placid look of his counten ance never once changed, for an instant, his whole frame rested uncontrolled, in perfect stillness and repose; wot a muscle or a nerve was seen to twitch. To the end of the operation, including the saw ing of the bone, securing thc arteries and applying the bandages occupying the period of upwards of twenty minutes' he lay like a statue. With strong salvolatile anjj water, he gradually and calmly awoke, and when asked to des cribe what he had felt, thus replied: 'I never knew any thing more, (after his being mesmerised,) and never felt any pain at all; I once felt as if I heard a kind of crunching.' He was asked if that was painful; he replied, 'No pain at all; I never had any, and knew noth ing till I was awakened by that strong stuff.' The 'crunching' was the sawing his own thighbone. The first dressing was performed in mesmeric sleep, with similar success and absence of all pain.'' Thiscaso is so important, that I have condensed its principal features, and when I consider the gravity with which thc operation was surrounded, the num bers who were present, the unquestion able rank and respectability of the pro fessional gentlemen, and the utter ab sence of all affectation, I must candidly admit that scepticism is staggered, and that we are no longer in , a position to deride or despise influences so extraor dinary, important ond practical. . , ; Congressional. On the 23d ult. in the Senate s. very interesting debate took place in regard to trie treaty of 'Washington. - Mr. Benton moved to strike out of the na val appropriation hill so much as was intended to provide for the African squad ron, stipulated for by tho treat)'. Mr. Archer of Virginia presented the views of the government, and alleged that there was really but very slight, if any difference of opinion between Sir Robert Peel ajid.M.f. Webster. Mr. Denton re plied to him and was followed on the same side by Mr. Allen. Mr. Calhoun opposed the Missouriart with effect, and upon the question being taken Mr! Hen ton?sl motion was voted down as fol- lows; yeas 4, nays 3G. Mr Hunting. ton, from the Committee on Commerce, reported against erecting a marine hos- i pita! at Pittsburg and against another at Key West; against the House bill cut ting down the number of the officers in the New York Custom House, but in favor of limiting the expenses of that es tablishment at $388,500; and against the adoption of the warehousing system. On this latter suLjcct two of the com mittee made a report in favor cf the system both were ordered to be prin" ted. Nothing else of interest occur red. In the House Mr. Briggs asked leave to submit a resolution instructing the Judiciary Committee to report a bill re pealing an act of the Legislature of Flo rida prohibiting the emigration thither of free negroes. After much excitement it was refused, the vote being C6 to 104. Mr. Gushing attempted to bring before the House an extract from a letter from Mr. Everett to Mr. Webster in regard to Sir Robert PeePs speech. Leave was I refused, but the extract is published in lhc ,t most C0rierusively demol- ishes the position taken by Sir Robert that the famous despatch of Lord Aber deen had remained fourteen months un- nncwpfi! !iVMiicr tinnnexvornLlrt T'bn dcbate on lhfl schemc of Cost Johiison wag conlinued b Mr. Popc. Then .t . r i -mfl ., I ho A nnrnnrnlinn Kill r. ln f VMIIIU r ,,w (' WJ7I lUllril lt 1 I If I 11 U bors & rivers, and upon the final vote the bill was laid upon the table by 107 to 87. The bill providing for the pay- menl of the 2 per cent fund due by the United States to Alabama was read a ' third time and nnssnd. A liill to rst.ab- ! i Y , i v i . j read a sccond ljme referrcd tQ Commiltce of thc Whole.-Pc. Singular Phenomena. The St. Louis Eraofthel3ih inst. has tho following paragraph : Yazoo Banner. "Some of the papers in the upper part cf Missouri, notice the fall of a dark substance resembling steel dust, imme diately after tho heavy snow two weeks ago. The light of thc sun was obscured all day, on Tuesday, by dense clouds of this substance, and it id known to have extended to several counties." Chronology of some important Inventions. Maps, globes and dials were first in vented by Anaximander, 6th century before Christ. First brought into Eng land by Bartholomew Columbus, in 1480. Comedy and Tragedy were first ex hibited at Athens 562 B. C. Plays were first acted at Rome, 39 B. C. The first public Library was founded at Athens, 525, and at Rome, 167 B.C. at Alexandria 284 A. D. Paper was invented in China, 170 B.C. The Calendar was reformed by Juli us Caesar, 45 B. C. Insurance on ships and merchandise, first made in A. D. 43. Saddles came into use in the four'h century. Horse shoes made of iron, first used A. D 481. Stirrups not made 'till about a centu ry later. . Manufacture of silk brought from In dia into Europe 551 A D Pens first made of quills A D 635. Stone buildings and glass introduced into England A D 764. Pleadings introduced jnto courts in England AD 7fc. Figures of Arithmetic brought into Europe by the Saracens A D 301. Paper made of cotton rug.; invented towards the-cuvo of u.c umth cv?ntu ry. Paper made of lip.fn, 1300. The degree of Doctor first conferred in Europe, at Bologna, 1130; in Eng land 1209. The first regular Bank established at Venice 1 157 bank of flenoa, 1407 bank of Amsterdam, 1G09 of England, IC94. Astronomy and Geometry brought in to England 1220. Linen first made in England 1253. Spectacles invented 1380. The art of weaving introduced into England 1330. Music notes, as now used, invented, 1330. Gunpowder invented at Cologne, by Schwartz, 1320. Cannon first used at the seige of Alge bras, 1342. - Muskets in use 1 370. Pistols in use 1544. Printing invented at Mentz, by Gut- tenburg 1440. Printing introduced into England, 1471. Post OtfiLo established in France 14G4 in England 1581 in Germany 1C41. Turkeys and chocolate introduced into England from America 1620. Tobacco introduced into France by Nicot 1560. . First coach made in England, 15G4. Clocks first made in England 15G0. .Potatoes introduced into England and Ireland 15G8. Thc circulation of the blood discover ed by Harvey 1G19. First newspaper published at Venice 1G33 France 1631 England 1GG5. Coffee introduced into England 1G41. Tea " " 1CCG. Steam Engine invented by itic Mar quis of Worcestf fc l55 , . Fire engices..in'exited IG63i Turnpikts, in England 16C3. , Bayonets invented at Bayonnc"(whence their name) 1G70 first brought into use at the battle of Turin 1C03. Stereotype printing invcntoJ 1725. New style of calendar introduced into England 1752. Air balloons and aerostation invented in France 1782. First mail carried in England by stage coach 17C5. The cotton gin invented in Georgia in 1794: Lifo boats invented in England 1802. First steamboat on the Hudson river 1807. Streets of London first lit with gr.s, 1814. From the National Intelligencer. Temperance Hymn. BY JOHN NEWLAND MAFFlT. The gush of cool bright waters, Soft music to the ear, The laugh of beauty's daughters And childhood's mingle here; And age comes looking brighter .The old man and his wife Walked up yon hillock lighter, With stcp3 of earlier life. For nature's groans have risen To nature's loving God, And he hath rent thc prison Where soul became a clod; His mighty arm hath riven The water rocks again, And from our feast hath driven The fires that scorch the brain. Clear, dancing, glancing fountains! Your hymn in solitudes Swells from the lifted mountains And gently here intrudes; Our hearts dance to its measures We shout aoud and long As those who find great treasures, And burst into a song. ' Here with us stand our brothers Plucked from the living grave, WhonVfcisters, wives and mc0ers Have long implored to save; Now take the PLEDGE of gladness, We drink its waters clear t ' Away with wine cup madness We have the cups that cheer. The New Orleans First Municipality has lately consigned $20,000 of its notC3 to the flames-