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Ponola [sic] weekly register. (Ponola [sic], Miss.) 1843-1843, April 05, 1843, Image 3

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".Yullius addictiis jurare in verba magisln."
(7- As it seems to be better calcula
ted to suit the convenience of the mnj
ority of our subscribers, as well as more
agreeable to ourselves, we shall change
our publication da to Saturday, com
mencing with next week. The next pa
per will therefore issue Saturday week.
The State Treasurer arrested!
The following extract of a letter from
Jackson, under date, -March 23d, we
clip from the Benton Banner.
'On yesterday affidavits were made
by Gov. Tucker and others charmnr
Graves, the State Treasurer withem
bezzellmg the public money. . On which
Mr. Chief Justice Sharkey ordered a
warrant for tile arrest of Graves, 'who
who has since been arrested." The trial
commenced in the Supreme Court Room
before Judge Sharkey Judges Quit
man and Shattuck and Wm. and Sam.
Ycrgcr appeared for Col. Graves, and
the Attorney General, Freeman, for the
State. Some dozen witnesses, together
with the Governor, were in attendance
on the part of the State. The whole
of this day lias been occupied in the
trial. The embezzlement is alleged lo
have lecn committed by Graves be
tween the 1st of Dec. 1842, and thc22d
inst. This evening, after a long argu
ment, Judge Sharkey decided that he
had, as an examining Justice the power
to order an officer to take with him such
persons as he should appoint, and to
count the funds in the Treasury, and
report the amount, and to examine the
books and papers in the Treasurer's,
office,, within the period in which the
embezzlement is alleged to have been j
committed, and if necessary to bring
them into Court. lie accordingly made
such an order, appointing the Sheriff
of Hinds, and five or six other gentle
men, to count the funds, and examine
the papers and report. Judge Sharkey,
also, decided that the Governor had the
right, on the refusal of the state Trea
surer to permit him tocxaminc the funds
to use force, if. necessary,, to enable him,
to examine them. These decisions of
Judge Sharkey arc clearly correct, and
arc approved of here by nine tenths of
the Bar, and citizens generally."
07 Since the above was in type, we
have. the Jackson Southron of the 23rd
which states that the Governor has
made a requisition upon Lt. Col. James
II. Bowman, of the Militia, "to hold him
self in readiness for the protection of
the State capitol, and to summon the
Captain of the Capitol Guards, and
twelve other individuals, citizens of
this place, to guard and protect the
capitol from fire or other molestation,
and to sec that no person entered the
building not properly authorized."
The Souihron adds: "Whether the
court or Governor may be enabled to
examine the Treasurer's office for the
purpose of peeing whether the public
funds are safe, wc arc unable, from the
present state of the investigation, to say.
Public excitement is now so great that
the Governor, or someone, will most
assuredly know the guilt or innocence
of the prisoner, .Col . Graves. .We must
go to press without further delay, but
we promise the public a full and com
plete expose of the wholo matter iu our
next. 'The money; if safe, will be seen
and counted before Col. Graves is re
leased from custody. The train is set,
and will be fired, either by the court,
the Governor, or the people, and no
By a letter from a friend at Grenada
under dale April 1st, we learn that in
formation has been received there that
Graves has escaped from custody, dis
guised as a negro wench!
07 The .Vicksburg Sentinel says
there is a rumor of the appointment of
Hon. R. J. Walker as minister to
(&- By the Great Western, seven
days later dates' have been received
from England. She brought over
$750,000 specie. The inferior quali
ties of cotton had declined a shade.
(ET A correspondent at Grenada Mi.
informs us that one of the dogs ol the
place has run mad and bit several oth
ers. The Mayor and Old Hays have
token thorn in hand.
07" The Somerville (Tenn.) Repor
ter of the lllh ult. mentions a slight
shock of an earthquake as having been
jdt in that place on tho day previous.
(fcT- Counterfeits are out on the bank
of Auburn N. York; and Farmers Bank
of Va., Richmond.
The communication of ,4J. W. L.11
is from a highly respectable and intel
ligent citizen, and relates to a subject
ofinterest. We would decidedly pre.
fer his plan of appropriating the pro
ceeds of the 500,000 acre donation to
either he mentions. Of course It must
fie appropriated as limited by the donor,
and we do not see the justice of giving
it exclusively to tho purposo oforccting
a levee on the Mississippi, which would
enure to "the few at the expense of the
many' Perhaps a better plan than
cither would be to divide it as judicious
ly as possible between several ob
jects, if wc can manage lo elect some
men who will take care of it honestly,
lie is mistaken in supposing our pa
per neutral in. Such a s;-nsjas to exclude
fair, candid and frank discussion of
poUucal principles. It is neutral in that
sense which prevents it from stooping
to the level of a partian sewer, to indis
criminate personal abuse and detraction.
Itis free lo expose either, bad policy or
mal-practice of incumbents of office as
well as to ap.plaud merit without refer
ence to party. It docs not support Mr.
V. Buren or Calhoun lecausc the editor
cannot do it it docs not support Mr.
Clay because we choose to let it alone
and it docs not support Mr. Tyler be
cause he does not deserve support. Wc
think thai is as plain as one's nose.
07" A destructive fire occurred in
Cincinnati on the 25th ult., by which
seven men were killed, twenty more or
less seriously wounded by an explosion
of one of the pork houses, and a large:
til I 1 Wit 11 I Vl HU 'VI i J VI V, O I I VI VAI
The End.
As we suppose it would Iks interesting,
in these times of squinting towards Mil
lerism, to read a dcscripMon of the pre
dicted "end,'"1 wc clip from an exchange
paper the following extract from one of
Miilcrs sermons.
"A small bright spot will first appear
in the east, which will gradually ex
pand as it approaches the earth. By
and by, a small cloud will appear before
the luminous ball, and lctwecn i'. and
the earth. , On this cloud will be seen
tho Son of Man, standing erect, his fig
ure pla:nly visible to the spectators on
the earth. ' At the sound of the trum
pet (or some other signal.) the bright
spot having gradually illuminatcd.the'
whole heaven', the righteous dead shall
rise from their resting place, and the
risen and the living saints shall together
be caught up and meet tire Saviour in
tho air, when they will be instantly
changed and clothed with immortality.
The Saviour will then present them to
the Father, whose presence is denoted
by this luminous mass, perfect, without
spot or wrinkle. The Father will then
give the Saiiats, by the marriage covc
nent, as a bride to the Son. They will
then be constituted the new Jerusalem,
and, together with the Saviour, will des
cend to the earth, which during their
absence, has been purified, and the wick
ed burned up, where the Saints will
dwell with Christ forever."
Experiments iu light.
The Washington Madisonian states
that an "Exhibition of a novel charac
ter took place at the Executive mansion
on Saturday evening last, under the di
rect permission and auspices of the Pres
ident of the U. States. This was a prac
tical illustration of the various forms of
artificial light applicable to light-house
illumination, accompanied with appara
tus of the most costly and-perfect des
cription now known and used for such
purposes. Several forms of Catoptric
apparatui,""with suitable lights, were
shown,' and alo a Dioptric light formed
by a large carcel lamp, placed in the fo
cus of a superb Polysonal lens, thirty
inches in diameter. The Bude light
and the celebrated Drummund light
were also exhibited, to the astonishment
and admiration of the large party of la
dies and gentlemen who graced the occa
sion with their presence.'"
A simple Magnet.
Davis of Boston, who is probably the
greatest magnetician in the IT. States,
lately showed us a simple method of
producing a magnetic needle, a knowl
edge of which may often prove essential
ly useful in determining directions,
where a regular compass cannot bo
readily obtained. The process consists
in simpfy twisting a piece of wire or
iron rod. Mr. Davis took a piece of the
smallest kind of nail rod, about six inches
long, and fixed one end in a vice, twist
ed the iron (cold) two or three times
round; and then balancing it on the point
of a needle, the iron being slightly bent
for that purpose, it readily assumed its
true magnetic position of north and
south. .' ;
Such" tiltle discoveries tend to brinu
the most useful sciences within the
reach of every capacity, and contrite
utc largely to the prosperity of ;free
and enlightened communities. N. Yof
From the N. Y. Union.
Reminiscences of the American Paj
The Hon. Mr. Bouldin of Virginia.?
This gentleman was the successor of
John Randolph of Roanoke, lie was a
well educated Virginia gentleman of the
old school; had had some experience hi
the Legislature of his native State; arid,
on entering' the halls ofihe American
Congress, evidently anticipated, a bril-,
liant career and the attainment of a
lasting fame. As he made his debut us
the successor of a man, who in his clay
and generation, had filled a large space
in the public eye, much was expected of
him; and all eyes were eagerly turned
towards him, when for the first time
in his life he rose, and bowing to the
woolsack, pronounced those words which
have such an effect on the young aspi
rant, when they echo through the, ves
tibule and reach the car, of "Mr. Spea-
The Hon. Mr. Bouldin was not "a
great man, but he nevertheless asf.iVed'
to the highest honors and distinctions
of his countrymen; and as ho fancied
the world expected much of him, he was
at times in a state of excitement, lest he
should not come up to the full measure
of public expectation.
Many days and weeks elapsed after he
entered Congress; and to the surprise
of cvcr' one, ho omitted to offer the
usual resolution of respect for the mem
ory of his predecessor, John Randolph
of Roanoake, to whoc death he was in
debted for the seat he held in the House
of Representatives.. Why he delayed
an act which parliamentary courtesy
and custom demanded, no one could con
jecture; but the neglect he manifested
was a subject of remark, if nrt of re
proach, on the part of every one.
The Hon. Henry A. Wise, who was
an enthusiastic admirer of Mr. Randolph
had been in Congress but a brief period;
and, as Mr. Bouldin appeared to !e neg
lectful of his duty, and gave no evidence
of any intention to present a resolution
of respect and condolence, Mr Wise
made up his mind to do that act of Com
mon duty. ..' '
One morning, in the month of Janua
ry or February, 1032, immediately, af
ter the journal had been read, and the
cahplain bad-performed his service, Mr.
Wise rose and stated, in substance,1: that
he had waited several weeks in expec
tation that the immediate successor of Mr
Randolph, would present the ttsual.rcs
olution of respect for the memory' of
his predecessor; but, finding .that, the
gentleman was not disposed todo so, he
held in his hand a series of resolutions
becoming the occasion, and the fame of
the venerated dead, which he wouUl
send to the Speaker's table for the ac
tion and decision oft he House.
The instant Mr. Wise resumed his
seat, Mr. Bouldin leaped !o the' floor',
and proceeded to state the reasons fhat
governed him, in omitting to ofTer reso
lutions of respect for the memory oT his
predecessor. After the lapse of a-moment,
it was noticed that he began to
wander, his language was wild and in
coherent, and he appeared" to be under
the influence of strong and uncontrolla
ble excitement. At last he began Id reel
he tottered his countenance wassuf
fused with an unnatural flush he pitch
ed forward, and fell upon the desk be
fore him!
It was at first supposed that he had
fainted but on raising him from his
prostrate state, it was discovered .that
the vital spark had fled the unhappy
sufferer was a dead man! A thrtlfof
horror ran through the House, arid an
adjournment immediately took place.
Mr. Bouldin was thiown into apop
lexy, by the excitement, the incident of
the morning created; and, by the con
sciousness, that he had inadvertently,
perhaps, neglected to do that justice to
one of the most eminent of the sons "of
Virginia a man, who no matter what
were his eccentricities, follies, absur
dities and peculiar course of public life,
was the pride and boast of the Old Do
minion. s
And, although the young and gifted
Mr". Wise was unwittingly the moving
cause of the melancholy incident related,
he of course was not censurable; and
assuredly no one could have more sin
cerely deplored the affair than he did.
An incident somewhat similar, though
it was not attended with death, occurred
in the House of Representatives, in lhc
year 1838. The Hon. Richard Haws
of the Kentucky delegation was the he
ro of it. ' ;
Mr. Haws, who was a man of yery
decided talents, made his appearance' in
the House of Representatives at 'the
opening of the extra session of 1837
and remained a silent member till the
month of June, 1040. . As the session
was rapidly drawing to a close, Mr.
Hawcs, who possessed all the modesty
that bebng-i to genius realized much
embarrassment in reference to a speech
that he wished to deliver, for the pur
pose of having something to send to his
Day after day, and week after week,
he delayed speaking, out of sheer diffi
dence. At last, however lie made up
his mind to speak, and a day by the
courtesy of members, was set apart for
By Agreement, the lion. Hugh S.
Legare, of South Carolina, who is one
of the most eloquent men of the times,
by the way, had the floor for an hour
or. two. Mr. Hawcs lollowed him.
Mr. Haw.es1 seat was close to Mr. Lc
gare's and while that gentlemen was
speaking, a crowd, including the entire
delegation from Kentucky, was gather
ed around him. He closed his speech,
and Mr. Hawcs took the floor. At that
moment the crowd began to disperse,
and the Kentucky delegation moving oil,
left Mr. Hawcs to speak to vacated seats.
; Ho went on but a moment, before he
began to falter ami reel, and ere ano
ther moment had elapsed fell lifeless on
j his desk. He was instantly removed,
I medical aid was called, and by timely
j inierposion he was restored. He rc
: mained in Congress till its close; but
never attempted to speak again; and
lit 1 1 . . .
(leciineu a re-election, lie was a man
of very decided talent..
( o;nmunii;atrvl.
Mt Yockana, Ponola County Mi.
Mr. Editor: As you have eschewed
politics in your paper, and avowed a de
termination to "nnilyour flag to the stan
dard of no political leader I infer that
you will open your columns to the dis
cussion of subjects of a general charac
ter alone. I shall therefore, in submit
ting the following hasty reflections, en
deavor to avoid encroaching upon your
prerogative of neutrality, by exhibiting
any party bias in my remarks.
My object is to call the attention of the
public to the disposition which shall le
made of the proceeds of the 500, 000
acres of land, donated lo the State by
the general government.
The act of Congress which grants the
500, 000 acres of land in question to the
States, contains the following language.
"There shall be granted to each State
specified in the first section of this act.
500, 000 acres of land, for purposes of
internal improvement.'
Mississippi is one of the States na
med, and has, through her Legislature,
accepted of this donation, upon the terms
prescribed and an engineer has been
appointed for the purpose of surveying
a route for a levee on the bank of the
Mississippi river, commencing at the
Tennessee line to be constructed out of
the proceeds of said laud.
I will notice, in the first place, two
other propositions which have been sub
mitted to the public for the application
cf the funds arising from a sale of this
land, and then suggest a fourth for con
sideration. The first is from the editor of the
Jackson Mississippian, contained in that
paper of the 2d March ult, as follows:
"But we confess, would Cong 1 ess au
thorise the diversion of the fund to an
other purpose, we would like to see it
placed in a channel to build up a system
of universal education in the State.'
I must acknowledge that the plan of
the Mississippian has some plausibility
at first vievr. But experience teaches
us that the free school system can never
be carried into successful operation in
the south. Several of the southern
States have tried the experiment, but
the fund3 haver'universally been squan
dered, and no good has ever accrued
from it. Such a system is very well
adapted to the Middle and Northern
States, but the poorer classes at the
south are too proud to receive gratuitous
instruction. Moreover this fund would
probably fall into the hands of the mem
bers of the Legislature of the different
counties, or some other irresponsible in
dividuals, and never be accounted for,
or if accounted for, would probably be
very unequally distributed, and very lit
tle if any good derivod from it.
The other proposition to which I re
ferred is from Col. Volney E. Howard,
and is contained in his letter to the edi
tor of the Mississippian, (announcing
himself as a candidate for Senator in
Congress from this State.) and publish
ed in that paper of the 2d March. .
Col Howard proposes to appropriate
the proceeds of this land to the payment
of the Mississippi Union Bank Bonds and
the Bonds of the Planters Bank of Missis
sippi. But as the discussion of this prop
osition wouid involve the whole bond
question, I will pass it by without any
further notice, except merely to dissent
from his estimate of the value of these
lands, ($10 per acre.) In these hard
monr lines 1 unnn nvc pc; acre wouui
bei pr their real value, unimproved;
an Ai tiu
0 ooo.
J . r. 11 I r. 1
he Mississippian admit thnt"a!l who
know any thing of the feelings of the
me tilicr3 of the last Legislature, bonders
and anti-bonders, whig and democrats,
are well aware that it was universally
conceded, that inasmuch as East Missis
sippi would rcccivo the two per cent
fund, for the purposes named in the act
of its appropriation by Congress, the
North was entitled to the proceeds of the
500, 000 ceres of land donated to the
State by the same act."
Well now Mr. ICditor, as it seems to
be"univcrsally conceded11 that the north
is "entitled to the proceeds of the 500,
000 acres of land donated to the State"
1 by the general government, isit not just
and equitable that the north should di
,rect in what manner these funds should
be appropriated? and I presume it will 1
be "universally conceded'' that nine
tenths of the citizens of North Missis
sippi would prefer the expenditure of
this fund in cleaning out our interior
rivers, and improving their navigation,
to it's being appropriated in ercctijig a
levee on the; bank of the Mississippi riv
er, where the population is very sparse,
and by which the chief benefit from it
would accrue to the general government
and a few land speculators.
A levee on the banksof the Mississip
pi river, aftor it is constructed, requires
constant attention to keep it up; and that
attention can never be had until it is
settled up, and has a permanent popula
tion on its banks.
But let us review some of the advan
tages that would be derived from the
permanent improvement of the naviga
tion of our little rivers in the interior,
by removing all obstructions, clearing
out their channels, and straightening
them by means of canals and drains.
By removingall obstructions and straigh
tening the channel, our rivers, year af
ter year, would confine themselves
more and more within their banks, and
as the natural effect of running water
is to wear and deepen the channel, wc
may certainly calculate that the cost of
improving the navigation would dimin
ish annually, and the swamp lands an
nually become more and more valuable
It would also be the means of insuring
to our population a creator degree of
health, which of itself would be a suffi
cient remuneration Tor bringing our
swamp lands into cultivation, for it may
Ikj said of health, as of justice, "that it
cannot bo paid lor at to high a price.""
No one can soberly conclude that the
vast tracts of swamp and other unculti
vated lands in this Siate, are '.o contin
ue forever in their present waste and
noxious condition. Every one must an
ticipate a day when they will be brought
imder the dominion of man, when, "the
dry earth will appear, and yield forth
abundantly its increase, some twenty
some fifty and some an hundred fold."
But this is the cnd- when is to be the
beginning? Even now is as fit a time
as any none better can lie looked for.
Wc shall never be in a better condition
for commencing a permanent system of
bringing into cultivation all of our low
lands. This will afford employment to
all our idle hands; will strengthen our
selves by gaining laborers from abroad,
check emigration to other States, and
eventually convert our own little State
into another Eden. Any one at all con
versant with the interior of our State,
knows that capital only is wanted to
bring under profitable cultivation many
thousands of acres of as cood land as
any in the world. There is no finer
country than ours, not even the far
famed-Delta of the Nile will show bettor
land lor production, than the bottom lands
bordering on our rivers; But what is
the appearance of those lands in their
present condition? you will behold large
tracts of rich land in their primitive
unproductiveness, all exhibiting to the
eye the same uninviting aspect the
same abandonment of nature to herself,
and the same appearance of desolation
a dreary expanse of waste land. All
that has been effected in reclaiming them
has been at the cost of individuals; and
in this, as in every other undertaking,
their is a point beyond which individ
ual energy and capital cannot go.
We have reached that point, and now
public enterprise anJ capital should be
brought into action to effect that which
private interest and industry cannot ac
complish. One generation or other
must commence this mighty work, and
why not this one? The enterprise is
not one of doubtful utility or success,
fjr it is one which must in the very na
ture of things, be some time underta
ken and fnished. The Legislature by
the proper application of the proceeds of
this 500,000 acres of land can effect this
dcsiraWe and all important object. It
is time that, the agricultural interest
should haws some share
III Un r
The commerce of this lale
successful and permanent, i,L J
cd on agriculture, steadily d p3"
bly carried out, practicayy in cv;
anil nil Us branches. The IgUhJ
have expended great sums in UCZ
nt shadows, while they have run nsl
the substance. Let that honorable y
establish a jcrmancnt system of '
gross in internal improvement, fos
ujkmi this ample fund, annually np,
priatcd let the different sections t
North Mississippi elect Commissi
to superintend the disbursement of
funds and let us bend every ncr?c ltt
the full devclopcmcnt of our immense
Agricultural resources.
It is said of families they "aWu
buy only what they cannot do without.
It is equally true of states and nations,
they should only buy what thcycanno
protiucc. inn is our policy. Wc
must supply and Keep our people at
home, and bv the equally cheap pro
duction of all of every thing wc wan',
exclude from our markets the surpim
of the north west, and compel them to
send here for sale or exchange, only
such articles as wc cannot produce," or
such as will not enter into injurious com
petition with our own productions.
But there is another view of tin suV
jeet of no small importance. The im
provement of the navigation of our sm;i!
streams, by increasing the facilities of
trade and commerce, would greatly en
hance the value of our improved finds.
Not to the same extent erhap-5, that it
would the unimproved swamp binds
but still itsinflu'ee would be feltthroii"!!.
out the whole extent of the countrv.
What is it but the great facilities of coin
merce that causes the lauds in the vi
cinity of Memphis to bring from 15 fn
$20 per acre, when lands of the same
quality in north Mississippi arc selling
for one third that amount. I woulj nut
presume to contend that our small
s' reams, cou'd ever be made to compare
tvith the great Mississippi in point of
navigation. But le' us suppose that fif
ty or a hundred thousand dollars wai
judiciously applied to the improvement
of the navigation of the Tallahatchie riv.
er, and the same amount on the Tom
bigbee, and the same on each navigable
stream in north Mississippi annually
for a few years in succession, wotiM
not its influence be fell? yea, and seen
too from one end of thy State- to lUcoib-
As my sheet is out, I will close Lv
subscribing myself,
1 ours &c.
J.V. L
- Alabama Gold.
The Alabumian says: "The broken
land in some parts of KanJof(li and
Tallapoosa counties, are &uid to teein
with the precious mineral. In the lat
ter county a considerable number of
persons have recently made entries of
land, with a view to commence mining
operations immediately. The gold is
found, wc are in informed, in whatiui
ners term "rock veins," and a yield is
obtained by crushing the rock in some
rude wooden contrivance, of two or
three pwts. per day to the hand. "
Thought is an exalted gift superior
to language. The painter may portray
the beauty of the rose, but he cannot copy
its fragrance.
Marriage is like a mouse trap once
get in, and you are caught, without tho
least prospect of recovering your liber-
y- .,
Blue eve'd one
Bide eyed one, blae eyed one, come hither U me;
I'll sing thee a fong 'neath the old oak tres,
The rpson ofthsgardsn, tli3 ruby Iijl ro?,
On the emerald throne by the ri volet grows.
Come hither my nwe bad, oct shine' the projl
Out blmh thegayquacn inherownliaoghty lwer;
I'll sing the' a long, andthe burden shall be
Blue eyed one, blue eyed one, I languish for tlies.
So laden with sweetsis each eip of the gale,
I know my beloved is crossing die vale,
The tcilip is quaffing hiscop fall of dew,
The turtle is murm'rios hi vows to the yew
Oh wasts not such moments, so precious to love;
Come drink with the tulips, court with the dove;
I'll sing thee a song, and the burden i hall be
Blue eyed one, blue eyed one, I languish for thee.
Panola Apl.3d,13l3. Isovk BiKn.
fj- See "Dark eyed ons, dark eyed one" by
Joha It. rianche Esq.. m sangby.Ur. Horn.
Wc, the undersigned, passengers on
board the Steamer John II. Bills; being
her first voyage from Burlingham to N.
Orleans; and having returned, would
respectfully inform the public that said
boat, in our estimation, is well adapted
for the navigation of the Tallahatchie
river. And having every confidence
in her officers, wo take pleasure in rec
ommending this boat to the patronage
of our fellow citizens.
Joshua T. Brown, Wm. M. Harrison
Thos. Mauldin, A. M. Caruthers,
It. B.Thacker, W. C. Bravis,
Sam'l W. Evans, Wm. I Allison,
W. P. Brooks, W. Higginbottom,
E. B. Dooley, Felix G Shipp,
SamW. liawlins, Benj. II. Joyner,
William Jolly, James Sims,
II. D. Redwine.
Pono'.a Mi. April 5, 1843. J-

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