.. . j ....
t)f the 100:, is a. JJoman matron; the
margin cut off in making the alteration;
Tens, vignette: a steamboat, ship, and a
town in tho distance; genuine has a dro
ver on horscbadk and cattle at a dis
tance; Tens, letter A ; genuine has mar
gins with teT, and a border on one edge
with the figure 10 in, which are not on
tho counterfeit: 20;, altered from 5s;
clumsily done; they have heads of dif
ferent individual, genuine not fo.
"JVullius addiclus jurarc in verba magtstri.,
SATURDAY, 31 AY 13, 1845.
Cctf The editor is absent and not res
ponsible for the editorials in this number.
t -i u: -l. ta.i, . .
gainst the affiant, therefore is he purp- f ,.t.
6 i ' Late from Texas.
red? by no means if he swear accord- q Gal VC3ton t0 lhc
ingto lushest belief; for tho Jaw is of- 1Slhhl nd from Houston to ihe 1Sthf
ten at best, but matter of opinion; and j jndusive) b 'hl . ycstcrday by tho
it is quite common for rho most ! slcam3hip New York, Capt Wright. -lawyers
and judges under oath to give j wq hcr foIIowing
adverse opinions upon it. But we did
, i,i i .x summary,
not intend to dwell so lonjr upon this I , , , '
nui iij.uuu u o i , ihe Texan papers, or at least many
su,,ject , , j of them, appear sanguine that a large
ur,"El,;i MU" ," " " .vnrtion of the Mier Prisoners have
earner stone of the new court house, rtpont .m,,, wr
must confess that wc have strong fears
that such is not the case. . That a few
of them have been fortunate enough to
reach tho Rio Grande in safely there
is little doubt; but the Mexican accounts
of the rccaptnrc of the main body look
was laid with Masonic ceremonies, Si
we are happy to add that the building is
now rapidly progressing. j
, For t!r: Resists, j
.Black Jack G rove A pril 1 U ! U 13. j
j Mr. Editor
J 1 noticed in your paper of the 5th j
cs and San Augustine, rorty or tniy
families from Missouri and Illinois late
ly removed to the settlement in tho
Cross Timbers; and numbers have also
settled in Fannin county.
Tho Rev. Ira Parker died at Galves
ton on the 6th inst.
Up'to the 25th ult. Gov. Butler, (J. S.
Commissioner, was still at the Waco
village, and would remain thero until a
treaty should be concluded with the sev
eral tribes in attendance, among which
were delegates from the Dela wares
Sharnces, Iones, Anadargoes, Wacoes
and Caddoes. Others were expected.
The council was to be holdcn in about
ten days. The Camanchcshad sent no
represntatives to the council, and it was
Agriculture societies. j inst., an ariicie tieaoea a iu.net, , c;rcamslanees v,ith such an appearance
In the course of the last year, an ag. J which reminded me of having heard an f , canot but think tho main
old .gentleman relate a similar circum
stance some ten years ago it was rela
ted at a Camp meeting in North Ala
bama. On the first night of tho camp mcet
ini i usual I believe on such occa-
.i i i i -.rA that the majority of their companions,
siiiiiw. thfv n;pml ami worshiper! , j j i
so positive, and givo lime, place and j doubtful whether they would assent to
ricultural society was formed at 'Bul
motit, and if it be still in existence wc
would be happy to hoar from it. If it
has fallen through we hope it will be re
vived, and set an example for the for
mation of similar societies 'mother parts
of the county. Why not form ono at
Berlingham and others at Pharsa'ia &
Po:K!a, and then a Union society at Po
nola to compair views once a year.
Wc would be happy to be authorized to
give notice of a meeting to be held at
any of those points for tho formation oft a circumstance in the history of his j
body of Texans are
The reports in tho Texan papers goto
show that several of the prisoners have
arrived at di (lb-rent points, who state
God by singing and praying; after
after their successful
a treaty. The Shawnces who were
sent to them report that they have a
grecd io send in four chiefs, after three
moons have elapsed, provided the Presi
dent will send four white men to their
tribe to remain as hostages until their
chiefs return. I hey are represented
to be warring with the Mexicans, and to
tt'ick upon the ; have recently taken two Mexican villa-
such a society, and would gladly hear
from some of our farmers on this sub
let. 0:V The Circuit Court at this place
adjourned on Monday evening last af
ter a session of a week and a day. The
trials of Smith and "Sullivant, indigMed
for murder were continued by defen
dants. The session was one of more
than ordinary interest, the suits being
much litigated; but the chief subject of
interest was pleas in abatement filed in
a large number of the suits denying the
right of our sheriff to discharge the
functions of his office, by reason of his
not having taken the oath according to
the reqvcsiticns of law. The oath was
taken before the Probate Judgf, where
as, as the advocates of the pleas in a
batement insisted, it should have been
taken before a justice of the Peace.
The question was ably argued by Messrs.
Coleman and Barton in favor jof the
pleas in abatement, and by Messrs.
Totten and Bradford against them, and
is he'd under adversement by his hon
- tr to-bo determined - at tho Oxford
Some very unpleasant excitement a
ro9C from the circumstance of the pleai
in abatement, being sworn to, alledging
broadly, that William W. Smith, was
not thesherriffof Ponola county; where
as it was a fact notorious to the commu
nity that said Smith' was duly elected
and commissioned as sheriff, and had
given bond and taken un oath of office
and had actually officiated as sheriff
. i . t . i i t. : . 1 ... .i i . :
whi-h an elderly man sprang I rum m -
seat as if under some excitement, and ! settlements of tho Rio Grande in safety, ! On Cypress Creek, a few miles from
remarked, that if he could be permitted, i btlt after much suffering. They con-j Houston, a shrub called Wild Tea is
he would take much pleasure in relating ! firin; to t!in fu!l!cst cxtRnt tho do;llh of in Srt profusion. Tho Tele-
s iw. lireirim m uie aitacu upon me . jiranii states mat tne leaves oi tins snruu
i i. i : 1.- i i : I ti.. r.. .i .. t
life, which miht not prove uninteres-1 Ku:iru' ,KU "' Ltcl " C,U,M M lu jh. ;so nearly rcsemoies in lasie, ouor mm
His runuest was nran-I i "y uiso smie inai somv ivu or mreu iorm uie leaves oi me common loung
more were killed, nut no r.at mention tlie Hyson tea, that it would he dilhcult tu
Some two years since, as I was walking
along a small path in a thinly settled
part of the country in Tennessee,
crate States, and not of tho central gov
ernment, that government ha3 tro con
cern with the securities in question, and
no power to compel payment of the
sums required; and I am, therefore to
inform you that it appears to Lord Ab
erdecn, that any good officers which her
Majesty's government might be disposed
to employ, with that of the U. States,
on ypur behalf, would, under these cir
cumstances, be ineffectual.
1 am, gentlemen, your obedient hum
II. U. ALDINGTON.
ting to his hears
,.1 l.ti nr1 l r t t-w .ri 1 f.t n Ci! loivc-
I 11 !......
nameoi ritzgcra;a. ; distinguish lliem trora it.
One account is, that on the morning j
of the Gth inst., a Mexican arrived at 1
meditating on the beauties and excellen
cies of Christianity, and the mercies of
my heavenly father, I was met by my
Lord pnd Saviour Jesus Christ, who
told me that my time had come to leave
this troublesome world, and that he had j
More of the she Jton Traced
Every thing connected with thetrag-
Mount ernon, a small town about CO I icalend of the lato Col. She! ton, will be
latest from Jamaica and Ifflyti.
Dates of the 26th ult. have been re
ceived. Among the articles that Boycr
stole at Port au Prince, just before hi3
flight, was the crown of Christopho
which is said to bo studded with jewels, !
worth $2,000,000. Among the results
of the revolution arc the following,
which may be considered important in
a civilization point of view:
The President in future is to be elec
ted for three years only, but may be re
elected if this policy .and government
are approved of. The army is to be !
abolished, and a strong police substitu
ted. Tho old Generals will be pension
ed off, and every effort made to employ
tho soliiers in agriculture. All reii
gions are to be tolerated and capitalists
encouraged. Seminaries of learning
will be established, and the public al
lowed expression of their own opinions
through the medium of the press."
A Most Remarkable Phenomenon-
A Cross on the Moon
We givo a statement bejow which is
miles west of Washington, with n letter rc:lj with interest, and we arc enabled ! likely to excite much speculation. The
containing an account of the escape of j through the kindness of a friend, to
the Mier prisoners from their guard, of continue, to some extent, the chain of
Sines the little notice, of c.
of 9.1k mbt. James parish
ourcolums, wc have been inw!1
East B iton Rouge U to leco
of a regular .silk plantation," J 5?
the most amplo test will bo
project of making this articlo one
staples of tho State. A zmknj
cd Vasseur,just arrived from p
has purchased land and i3rnaj.; rr?:
id arrangements to commence!
ncs, in which he has had tj.
ence of many years. C? !'
'The New York Daily XcWs &f ',
1 Iih inst.. savs: "Wn inn..,. !"
Frederick Herald that on the nV.'.l
the 1st inst., a man called nt ihX'' I
of Mr. Adam Burrcll, near Libt
and informed him that twomcaou1;!
the house wanted to kill him. JrJ
went out and made a search, but Crj,
not see any one. The stranger
requested that he might stay f
which was granted.
Early, in the morning he ansp.V
laid 'oh the tabic $100, which , i'a&
ted Mr. B. should take; and onilau"
tlemun refusing and insisting thx.
should keep t, he replied that h'
nousu for u as he iad not loi r,, ,
and then went oft? kaving w ,.r
their arrival at Comargo, and of the
taking of that place. The Mexican
come as a special messenger to waft my j wa3 dircct (vvm the city of Mexico, and sha'j probably be induced to republish
my soul to heaven saying which, nc
locked arm3 with me, and walked by
my side. The further we went the
smaller the path wo were travelling
seemed to get until it was not wider than
the thickness of a case knife blade our
course however seemed to bo onward
circumstances which will, in tho end,
make up a very correct history, and we
crossed the Rio Grande (he day after
the Tcxians entered and took the town.
He was despatched by one of the San
Antonio prisoners (h permission of the
it in a more connected manner.
The day previous to Col. Shelton's
death, he received from Wm. R. Crane,
Esq. the following letter, which, no
Mexican government.) The letter is j doubt, hastened the dreadful catastro
sigjied by several of the Mier prisoners, j phe:
and nodoubt is entertained of its genu- j .y0u can see me to-morrow mornin".
and upward,, until we finally came in j ineness by those who have seen it. It at io o'clock precisely, at the Marshal's
contact with a much plainer road, which
bore off to the left hand, I asked my
companion if that was our road and he
told mo no saying that was the broad
road to destrtion,but that our trail would
cairyus safe home to glory. Wc were
at th'i3 time so near the habitation of the
devil and his angels, as to hear the
mourns and yells and shrieks of persons
undoubtedly in great pain; so intense
was my desire to know what it meant,
that I stopped still to listen. My com
panion told me it was hell that I was
not to go there, that he would pilot me
safe to the House of God. Wc soon ar
rived, he gave a tap at the door and it
flew wide open, I was now in tho pres.
more than i year without his right to cn of the "-ost w,' sal asajudge
do so ever having 1 ice n -called in ques
tion. The oath to the pleas was taken
hy several of our most respectable and
intelligent citizens, yet appearances
were ji rongly against the correctness ot
it. It is notgenernliy understood, as it
should be, what is the nature und effect
of tho pleas in abatement in question,
and under what circumstances they were
verified by affidavit. By law, no plea
in abatement can be filed unless the truth
appear by the records of the court, or
be verified by "affidavit. This 13 re
quired, because the plea does not tend
to settle the contoversy- between plain
tiff and defendant, and is a plea unfaver
td by the court, and one which if allow
ed to be plead on every occasion, would
harrass and t occupy the time of the
courts without conducing to justice.
The oath when made Js always as to
the truth of a. point of law or of fact.-
The oath does by no means settle the
point sworn to; nor is it even consider,
cd as evidence in the least. If it be
made as to the law, it merely raises' the
point of law to bo adjudged by the
court, if as to a fact, it merely, raises
a controversy upon that fact to be de
termined by a jury ; and it does not, as
oaths do under other circumstances, con'
tribute in the least to decide a question
one way or the other. There is then
les.s danger in this oath than any other
that can be taken; it can harm no one
unless the court or jury concur in opin
ion with the affiant. Then if it be on
a point of law, the advice of a lawer giv
en under the sanctions of an oath to his
client, together with the reasoning of
the lawer and tho reading of sthc law
itself might raise a conciencious belief
in the breast of a sensible man that the
point of law or rather the legal fact
does exist in a particular way and there
fore he can conscientiously swear to it
and refer it, as his oath really docs, and
'' does no more, to a legal tribunal to be
determined. Besides it is often the only
way of raising and submitting a legal
question for adju'dgdation. Suppose
jr.Ma-1". . f. ... i...p;i' -. i .I i in. i A.-,C -.-
upon his bench, before him lay a large
bible which was open, I was conducted
round and seated at his right hand, and
my brothers and sisters, if every fea
ihcr bed upon this encampment was
here in a pile they would not be half
so easy as that was. I remained but
a short time, when all at once my attcn
lion was drawn to a great crowd of peo
ple near by, amongst whom, were males i
and females, white and black, old and
young, all dressed in white robes, and
the same song, which 1
thought the stwectest music I had ever
heard; I desired to be with thein, ac
cordingly I was permitted to go I mix
ed and sung with them,. and enjoyed
more real happiness in "tlie short time
I was there, than I could enjoy here in
a thousand , years, I found many old
acquaintenccs there who had been dead
I a number of years, yes blessed be God
I struck hands with those who had been
my associates in by gone days, my father
was there, my mother and brothers.and
sisters were there; all enjoying the
sweets of heaven singing glory and hal-
liluiah to God and the Lamb, tint mv
friends I was not permitted to remain
long in that happy abode. My Saviour
apeared to me and informed me that my
time had not come, b,uithat when I died,
that was my resting place. He again
took me by the arm and accompanied
me hack, and when 1 came to myself I
was going along the same little path
praising God and slapping my hands
together, which were blistering all over.
This my friends I consider a fare taslo
After the old gentleman had conclu
ded his remarks, all were silent for
some moments. If a corpse had been
lying present, more solemnity could
not have prevailed, fmally the old cock
struck up a tune Jesus my all to hea
ven is gone and such another shaking
among the dry bones in the camp of Is
rael, the writer has never seen.
A LOOKER OX HEBE IN VlEN.XA.
states that the prisoners, finding it im
practicable on account of the scarcity
cf water and provisions, to pursue the
route which they originally desinged,
they crossed the mountains at the head
ef the San Juan, and continued down
that stream until within a short distance
of its mouth, when they took the road
to Comargo. Having become desperate
by long suffering, and probao'y appre
hending an attack from the Mexicans.
determined, to hazzard an attack upon i
the town. When they entered the place
the Mexican troops were already drawn
up to oppose them, but such was the im
petuosity of the charge of the Tbxans,
that the troops of the enemy "were rout
ed in a few minutes. Between six and
seven hundred Mexicans were killed.
The Texans lost but twenty-five men.
An arrival at Houston on the 1 1th inst
confirms the above, and states that they
had all reached the Guadaloupc, and
that some of them had arrived at Mont
In another and entirely different ac
count, it is said that all bat eleven who
made the attack upon the guard escaped;
these were killed, and amongst them
Doctor Brenham is" mentioned. It is
stated that bo was killed accidently
while rushing upon a soldier. The lat
ter fell to the ground as Dr. Brenham
oflicc. You had set a part in the divi
sion of Graves'' spoils (of which I have
positive testimony) ten thousand dollars.
I have concealed my knowledge so far
from the world the ten thousand dol
lars is unknown to the public. If you
arc not here by that time, I will the!!
communicate to the Governor, the facts
in my knowledge, that you may be "con
viclefV of cmbezzeling the public funds.
I shall lay my plan immediately a
search warrant will tell the talc. I am
in a dreadful state of mind; but I will
be quiet until 4 o'clock. You need not
talk to me about reimbursement on the
sun moon and stars.
W. R. CRANE."
'P. S. If you arc not here by 12 o""
clock, I will be in Brandon as soon as
speed will take me."1
Col. Shelton started earl)' the follow
ing morning for Jackson, in company
with a friend. When hearnved at Mr.
Taylors two miles from Jackson, he
wrote a letter to Mr. Crane, a copy of
which wo have seen, but cannot at th'j
present moment procure it for publica
tion. The purport of it is, that Mr.
Crane's threatened prosecution and ex
posure had run him to despair; he (Shel
ton) would be in eternity by The time hcH
read that letter that ha intended to
serve Mr. Crane faithfully all his life,
letter is from the pen of an officer of the
United States army, of unquestionable
character and veracity.
Vi UadeljJt ia Inquirer.
Extract of a letter dated Fort Leaven-
north, Ma., March QOlh 1313.
The season has been most remarka
ble in this quater. We have had earth
quakes one considerable shock, and
two slight ones. But on the 4th of Feb
ruary, we had the most remarkable
phenomenon here that 1 have ever
heard of except the falling stars. Al
though 1 did not sec it myself, there is
nodoubt of it having been witnessed.
At 3 A. M., the moon which had been
obscured by a cloud for some hours,
burst forth of a deep b!ood-red' color,
with a black cross of equal proportions,
over the face, but not extending beyond
tho rim; while on the two sidea small
pieces of rainbow were visible. After
continuing in this way for about an
hour, the color of the moon changed to
its ordinary hue, and the cross became
a silvery white, with the edges extend
ip.g lieyond tho rim, and touching the
rainbows. It continued so for half au
; hour, and bevy clouds then intervening.
obscured the moon, which set unseen.
This phenomenon was seen by the hos
pital attendants, who were up at that
hour some of them very intelligent
men by tho guard and sentinels on
post, and by several c'fizens of Weston
a little town, five miles off.
rushed at him, and the gun fell towards : or pay him back every dollar of hismon
the Doctor, xvho rushed upon it inad-! ey that neither he nor his family had
"That's into him," as tho oyster said
vertcntly, and the bayonet passed di-
'rectly through his body. He expired
very soon after the accident.'
A rencounter, resulting fatally, oc
curred at Washington -on the 31st ult.,
between Col. James R. Cook and a Mr.
Adkins. In a dispute Adkins struck
Cook, the latter drew a knife and wound
ed Adkins severely. Adkins then drew
a pistol and shot Cook dead upon the
spot, it was considered as doubtlul
whether Adkins would survive
wound received from Cook.
Tho steamboat'Pioneer was carried
into Galveston on the 1st inst., from the
Sabine, in charge of Mr. Green, U. S.
Consul at Galveston. The crew, it is
stated, mutinied while at tho Sabine, and
there being no court near, competent to
the adjudication of the case, they were
removed to Galveston to await their
Capt. Elliott, II-B. M. Charge d'Af
faires for Texas, arrived at Washing
ton on the 6th inst., and after a long in
terview with the President, left for
Houston. It was rumored that his vis
it was connected with the recent des
patches from Mexico.
Numbers of emigrants are still pour
ing into the Northern and eastern coun
ties of Texas. A gentleman who re
cendy arrived from the Sabine states
that he passed sevejral large groups of
j?misrfinHon thp.joad near N"Bcodoeh-
onc dollar, but that Graves had it all,
and that Crane's letter prccipitad his
We expect lo-be able in a few days
to lay before our readers a part or the
whole of Col. SheltonV history of the
Brandon Bank. What new light may
be given to the world by this history,
we are unable to say, but we shall pub
lish it in justice to the deceased, whose j
character suffered much from his con-
the nection with tho Bank how justly, the
public with be left to decide. The bor
rowers and debtors, we doubt not, will
come in for a tolerable share of blame
The following is the letter which was
written by the direction of Lord Aber
deen, in answer to an application by
some of the holders of American Stocks
for his aid with the American Govern
meh in their behalf:
' '. Foreign Office, March 6, 1313.
Gentlemen I am directed by the
Earl of Aberdeen to 'acknowledge the
receipt of yotr letter of the 27th ulti
timo, calling his lordship's attention, on
behalf of yourselves and other holders
of American securities, to the non-ful.
filment by several of the American States
of their engagements with their public
creditors. " ;
I am directed to state to you in reply,
that the bonds, being bonds of tha sep
An Epistle from the White House.
The editors of tho Boston Atlas have
received from Washington tho follow
ing epistle, paying therefor 25 cents
The editors of the Boston Atlas, if
they have an account against the Pres
ident, will enclose it, and discontinue
To the editors of the Boston Atlas.
Upon which the editors thus com
Truly, our reigning family is a most
extraordinary one. We are at a loss to
couceivc what Mr. John Tyler, Jr., is
driving at. Wc have not sent our pa
per to his Royal Father, since we were
perfectly satisfied that he had deserted
Whig party; which is now many
months since. When we did send it, we
made no charge of it. He it known to
you, therefore, Mr. John Tyler, Jr.,
that we have no pecuniary charge against
the President, except the 25 cents which
the Post-office Department made us pay,
for transporting the foregoing impor
tant epistle from the city of Washing
ton to tho city of Boston and that
charge wo will freely forgive him, on
condition that ho will peaceably and Qui
etly quit and deliver up the premises of
the White House, on the the third day
of March, 1C45.
The shock of ancarthquako i,
tinctly felt at Liverpool, Eny.naJ
the neighborhood, on the IG.h of May
It lasted about four seconds, ai
the severest shock ex perieneoj ia
British isles with tho last fiftv v-
Be Something, says the taUr
Kingsbury, no matter what. Thrn
side all collateral aids off whin-?,
coat and determine to work Vojrt
up. Providence has provide! the Li
there it is before you; come no?,
mount. Don't fold your arms m
you can find something that suits vo
talents Take the chisel tkc saw
thc the hammer. Wc recollect
young gentleman an intimate fri-:
who was a few years since
being worth some 50,0C0. He was
excellent business; but the last pi
like a whirlwind, swrpt his whole rrv.
crty overboard, and leu him ab:
rupt. Did, ho remain idle? No. lc
braced himself for a fresh stru!:-
He minded not his delicate VawXs k
worked his passage from a tocstcr:v
to New Orleans. Finding n:d
do there he worked his way upV V f
Yord. There we find him Lr-r!
contented as of old.
'What are you at now, Dilif
'At! oh, I am a prrcr to a !
in Wall street.'"
'Pay well, eh?'
Why, enough to live on, I m
ninepeneo a da, and have iku
egc of sleeping on his counter at a:
Ha! ha! ha! a broker's counter;;,
rather a hard bed.'
'But, Bill, you ought not to live::
Your talents ought to make job
'Ay, and so you would have it;
the risk of starving, cut of re?; f
my talents? I must di smu-thf
All I want is a foothold. Inhu
me a year from now.'
In a year he hail worked liiw
to be confidential book-keeper in :
New York establishment. H':
admitted as a partner soon, and
quire another fortune. He aJop.
true method to Leep out of miscl-
Runing for au Office.
The Philadelphia Forum lets off the
'Do you know Judge BIythe?" said
a custom-house borer to a perfect stran
ger, yesterday on Sanderson's steps. .
"Yes' was the reply.
'I wish you will introduce me, then."
"I will,11 said the gentleman, "on one
"What is it?"
"Get soms one to introauce you to
me." , -:' ,
J -Borer sloped. .
We learn from the New York
that Snot well, the shoe maker '
at Sing-Sing prison has been?'
accessory to tha attempted cscajs
wards'.' Ho is likely to be re
work with his friend the Colonel ff
same terms. Monroe rcccM
lashes with the cat o'nine taiV':;:
after his experiment. Dime.
In London a duty is impo
every advertisement puui -newspaper.
The London Tirf
the government for advertiseing
in the last three months about
Come, list to the music of Ocean:
As we gather the shells on the si
Let us number tho monsters
in its wave,
And tho tempest-tost sea-boys
it their grave.
Wo wilt go to the groves
Where the gold fishes play
repores grow; h,:
ixr :n u rr the ncafl tu
u win avciivu v i
sniuiuc suvju, l,:
And desond to tho caverns t
marmniflcnl dwell. J
When the water-spou
bosom of wrathi
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