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"Xulliut addicliujurare in verba magistri."
SATURDAY, JULY 13, 1843. 07 Persons who write the editor of this paper on business which concerns themselves, are informed that their let ters arc not taken from the Post Office unless 03-POST PAlDJ) and never will he. OT We have missed the Jackson Sou thron for two weeks past can't afford to lose it. Does the Mississippian refuse to ex change with us? must have it. The Legislature convened last Mon day to take into consideration the gravel ana weigmy manors lorming uiccmc gency of Gov. Tucker's Proclamation. Wc shall probably get the Message in season for our next number, and will keep our readers advised of the proceed ings. A Wonderful Moon Story ' A Probable Hoax. We annex a most marvellous story. It is published as a genuine statement tn the Ponqla (Miss.) Register; but we copy it'from the N. O, Tropic. It is far more improbable than the Fort Leavenworth story, which was subsequently confirmed. All statements of this kind should be received with ma ny grains of allowance, especially as the mischievous spirit of hoaxing is so very prevalent in some parts of the country. .. One on reading the foregoing is apt to exclaim whew! It is doubtless a Well-told hoax, after the fashion of the celebrated moon story of New-York. Phil. Universal Adv. ' We find in nnr list of errlinnpe na- pcrs a great variety of comments simi-L, o r 1 Iar to the above; and like that, general ly ending with the conclusion that there is a "probable hoax.". Account for it as you will, gentlemen editors, it is cer tainly no hoax. It is from a plain farm er who has no motive ffr hoaxing any body. It is from a man of character, who would not trifle thus with his own reputation. It is true; or himself and family were deceived. . . - Notices of Sheriff's Sales. This subject is one which demands the attention of the Legislature, and we are glad to see it generally taken up by the press. The present law has already produced a mountain of fraud which will fill our courts with case's for years to come; and on this account a similar law passed in Louisiana has been repealed. The following from some remarks made, by us on this subject in our Grenada pa per of Jan. 13, 1842, areas good as hew and will suffice for the present time : Notices of Sheriff's Sales. The "Dollar Democrat" suggests some views in relation to this subject, for the consi deration of the Legislature, which we do not hesitate in seconding, notwithstand ing the seeming indelicacy of allusions, by conductors of the press, to matters affecting their own interest. If the pub lic advantage is sacrificed by any exist ing state of things, it is the privilege and duty of the press to make it appear ; and jf legislators, to earn the pitiful boon of unmerited popularity 'have taken to sa ving pennies at the expense of pounds there i3 no harm that the people should see it. Believing both positions true, so far as relates to the law relative iorixs tices of Sheriff's sales, our mouths shall not be muzzled by any consideration to prevent the expression of opinion that the law is impolitic. If the law is a good one, there Tar no use ThpublTsTung advertisements of any sort. Merchants and others advertise because they wish to speak to hundreds, where they could not, by other means, speak to more than one. If a citizen has real estate for sale, he makes it known through the me dium of a public advertisement, at con siderable expense. And why? Because, by so doing, he produces greater comp etition among purchasers than he jjould do by any other means, and thus he is remunerated perhaps a hundred fold. And if your property is to be sold by a Sheriff, is it not just as important that it should bring a3 much aar possible? The law must have been made for poor dev ils, who were so hopelessly insolvent yiat they preferred a sacrifice of their property, (which would be nothing but a sacrifice of their creditors,) to seeing themselves advertised as insolvents;. We believe the observation of business men will unanimously sustain us in the assertion,that property put up atSherifTs sale, under the notice now required, does not bring so much as it .is worth in market, and that more numerous frauds are practised than were possible under the old .system-. Nine men out of ten first hear of Sheriff" -sales after they are over; and those who dp beforehand , are a few watching for the chances 'of speculation in the towns. ThepocKets of these few are too well drained'to make their bids worth anything IhYhe way of competition. The substantial planters in the country, who haVe money to invest, do not visit the Yowns often, and then rarely Mtr&sto much time in reading Sheriff's hieroglyphics, which it would puzzle the devil and a Philadelphia law yer, to thrash the sense out oft Besides even these poor notices are washed down by the winds and rains, so that half the time no notice is given at all. WouW any sensible business man, who had property for sale, rely oh such no. tices if he had determined to force a sale on a given day? No. There is no dif ference between thecases; and the hon est debtor, who wished to pay all he could, would consult his own interest by advertising a Sheriff's sale cf his prop erty, on ,his own responsibility. He would increase the competition among buyers and thus enhance the price. Un der the old system, four attended Sher iff's salcS to one that attends now.. Is this not palpably against the interest of the debtor We say the debtor, bcliev Sttg it to be against the interest of both debtor and creditor, because our legis lature have been legislating for the last ban years for insolvents alone, and not upon the only just presumption of all le gislation, that of the ability oQhoso who make to perform their contracts; and we do not expect yet to see legislation upon correct principles. If the saving of a paltry sum to the debtor , at the expense of reducing the competition among bid ders, at a sale of his property, is not sa. ving pennies at the expense of pounds, we are at a loss to conceive what is; and we think the subject is worthy of the immediate attention of the Legislature of the State. mtr rnnM TEVASl Proclamations Armistice conVu- ded between Mexico and Texas through agency of the British Minister. The Texan papers of the 24th June, contain the following proclamation which we find in the N. O.' Picayune of the 2d inst . By the President of the Republic of Texas. A frlldCXAMATlONV Whereas, an official communication has been received at the Department of Mate, from tier Uritanic Majesty's Char ced'Affai res near this Government, Tounded upon a despatch he had receiv ed from Her Majesty's Charge d'Affaires in Mexico, announcing to his Govern ment tho fact, that the President of Mex ico would forthwith order a cessation of hostilities on his part, and the establish ment of an armistice between Mexico and Texas, and requested that the Pres ident of Texis would send similar orders to the different officers commanding the Texan force. And whereas the President of Texas has felt justi&ed, from the disposition e vinced by this act of the President of Mexico, and the nature of those dispo sitions, in adopting the proposed meas ure, and ordering the cessation of hos tilities on the part of Texas: Therefore; be it known, that I. Sarrt Houston, President of the Republic of Texas, and Commander-in-Chief of the Artsy and Nivy of the same, do here by declare and proclaim that an Armis tice is established between Texas and Mexico, to continue during the penden cy of negotiations between the two coun tries for peace, and until due notice of an intention to resume hostilities (should such an intention be hereafter entertain ed by either party) shall have been for mally announced through Her Britan nic Majesty's Charge d'Affaires at the respective Governments, and the revo cation of this- proclamation ; and all offi cers commanding the forces of Texas, or atcting by authority of this Government, are hereby ordered and commanded to observe the sarffe. -In testimony whereof, I have heretmtd , set my hand, and caused the - j r.sr Great scat of TmrRepubti c to ' be affixed. Done at Washington,-the fifteenth day of June, A. D. 1 843, and of the Indepen dence of the Republic the eighth. . SAM. HOUSTON. By the President? : Anson Jones, Sec. of State'. . The Houston Telecraph thus speaks of the propositions of Santa Anna, on which the Armistice is founded: "We have- not! 'seen the communica tion of the British Ministsr, but we un derstand from a respectable source that the propositions are by' far more favora ble to Texas than those previously sent by Santa Anna, and brought by Judge Robinson. . They are, however, sovague and indefinite that we are at a loss to know whether he is disposed to acknowl edge the independence of Texas, or merely to renew negotiations for Texas to return to the Mexican confederacy, and again become an integral part of that country we cannot say republic. It appears that Santa ilnna has cautiously avoided making any statement over his on signature by which he even in. the most indirect manner acknowledges the independence of Tolas, but addresses his communication through the British Minister, apparently" fo' a Void making any openVaa mission- that he is disposed to treat with Texas as an' independent State, and leaving it for future negotia tions to decide whether he will entertain any nropositi6ns for the 'unconditional acknowledgement of the independence of Texas. It would appear from the pe culiar manner in which the communica tion is made, and the peculiar juncture at which it is offered, that it has been ex torted from him by necessity, rather than by any desire for peace, and we are left to doubt whether ne merely desires to sain time to release his army in Yu- catan, ana csiaonsn nis aumoruy more firmly at home, or to accord to Texas an honorable peace. The propositions come so immediately after the visit of Com. Moore to Yucatan, that wo are induced to believe ft is to "that event mainly that we are to attribute this ex traordinary communication of Santa Anna. "it needs but the dullest intellect 4.0 perceive that Mexico will not relinquish her claims to the territory west of the Neuces without a violent struggle; and we can only expect to maintain our claim to it by force or by purchase. Mexico now has possession of that territory, and we have recent intelligence that three hundred of her troops are actual ly stationed east of the Kio Grande. When our commissioners meet those of Santa Anna, even if the latter are dis posed to acknowledge the independence of Texas, a question will immediately arise relative to the limits of Texas; our commhiioners will insist on extending the limits of Texas; our commissioners will insist on extending the limits of Tex as to the Rio Grande, those of Mexico t6 the Neuces; and thus a contest will spring up which Mexico will doubtless refer to Great Britain as an arbiter, since she has already selected the British minis ter as her mouth-pieco. The darling policy of Great Britain will then be called into requisition; and Texas may either be compelled to purchase this ter ritory, by assuming part of the debt ow ing by Mexico to British bond-holders, or, what would be more agreeable to England, will be compelled to receive this territory only upon the condition that slavery shall not be allowed in it! Thus, by a master stroke of policy,' Eng land would strike a fatal blow to our ser vile Institutions, and Texas would in d few years be compelled to yield up an Institution that has thus far proved one of the main elements of her prosperity I These are not idle notions, prompted by a spirit of speculation. There are ma ny Tacts connected with the conduct pf the British government that warrant this opinion, and it behooves our gov ernment and our people to be well;on the alert at this moment, lest they find too late that in receiving them through the present channel they, are indautans ly taking arl adder to their bosoms.". The Picayune says: "A rumor had reached Washington, that Cols. Warfield and Snively had captured the Santa Fe traders wi'hout bloodshed1. The amount of booty taken is said to be upwards of two hundred thousand dollars. Exchequer bills are now taken at the Custom house Galveston, at GO cents on the dollar. Col. Kinney, who had been confined in Matamoras for many months, has made his escape and reached Galveston. A French brig from Havre has arrived at Galveston, having on board 100 emi grants from France. They are a part of the colonists sent out to Bexar by Mr. Castro. ' - The French man-of-war ship La Bril- lante arrived at Galveston from Vera Cruz on the 23d ult. The British sloop of war Scylla is also there. Col. John O'Brien, known to many in this city, was lately shot with a rifle ball while .standing at the door of his house, In Anahuac, by Some person con' cealed in the bctelies near the' place; lie expired a few moments after receiving the wound. Mr. Ferguson, who'wa's standing near him, was also shot and dangerously wounded with buckshot at fre same time, ft is feared that Mf. Ferguson can survive his wounds 6nty a few days. The people of that section have charged the murder to a person who has held high rank in the country, and who, we believe, has hitherto sus tairred an unblemished reputation. - - ; nnkef s Hill Celebration. The celebration of the completion of (he Bunker's Hill Monument, some ac count of which appears in another col umn, was the most, imposing ever wit nessed in this country 300,Q00 per sons being the estimated number present. The President of the United-States was present, and as such, received only the poor tribute done' fo His official station: Mr. Webster Was the orator and lion of the day, and with the Revolutionary sol cKers present, tfas cheered1 by the whole length of the fremendo us procession which was two miles long." - "-;;: - rjaz Fourth. "We understand that the Anniversary of independence was celebrated in the north part of the coun ty but we have not been furnished with any particulars. ; Quick WorkV The chairman, (Mr. Buckingham,) at thSFaneuil Hall dinner, on Saturday, said that the ox which furnished the beef for the dinner was slaughtered on the previous Tuesday. His bones were sent to Norwich, they 'were manufac tured into buttons, and here they are, said he, as ha pulled there out bf his pocket; I will give you, therefore, ho continued, ; Agriculture, Manufactures, and Com- merco."--ChGets, Phil. Univ. Adv. Communicated. ii i6 m e. The home of my childhood how changed ! Ff6ifi its boanteoag aspect before; The spoiler alaft! has deranged, The scenes dear to mamory'alore -And sighs of regret would come fast, As I witness'! the ead'ning part, That the stranger with speed unsurpasa'd, Had wrought on the home of my heart. l)ecy could be seen on the wall, Of the mansion so dear o my eye The fences were tott'ring to fall, The birds aeem'd to mourn as they'd fly'; But the oak that stood near the door, ' Th witness to many a story, . Still stood as I left it before, A vet'ran in all of its glory. The orchard where infantile hours, Were spent with gay laughter and gfee, Was gone with the many sweet flowerp, That bloom'd as it seera'd but for me Neglect had withered them all, And radeness alone reign'd supreme', But myhcart with delight would recall, Recollections amid the dull scene. The gardena wreck for the plow, IId upturned lie flow'ry sod J f. ' ' - No gay roses bloomed tuero now, , As if smiling in boauty to Go J. The grave-yard where parents ropoeed Neglected the tombs were displac'd; And the willow my sister transposed To a grave, the axe had erased. Time ! nought can withstand his career And man helps his withering blight; !?heds destruction around far and near, , Then smiles at his wrk with delight ; But sorrow will cause unaware, A tear from the eye-lid to start, And drjp with affection sincere, On the wreck of the home of his heart. Panola. IONEt From the New York Tribune. Bunker Hill CelebHtion. " v Boston, June i7, 1843. The storm oT yesterday ceased during the night, but the sun rose amid fogs an'd scattered clouds, giving its light a wa tery 'appearance, and portending rain during the day, the ' wind being still northeast, and the air damp and chfaly. At an early hour the sound of rhartial music rose from the numerous comrJa nie3 collected in Boston during thd pre ceding thrbe days, arid tho clustering of military and citizens toward the magpi ficcnt common, commenced at .7 o'clock, and continued till near 10, at which hour there must have been 100,000 persons within the enclosure. At the same time, the streets through whichvthe proces sion were to pass were lined with eager expectants the balconies arid windows glowing with waiting faces. ; Already Bunker Hill, snd the approach to it from Boston, were thronged by thousarids. The military were generally under arms by 8 o'clock, and in position ori the ground by 0. The New England Soci ety of New York, some 400 strong, formed in Summer street, near College Green, and marched into the common about 9. It was past 10 o'clock before the pro cession began to move from the densely thronged common, and nearly 12 when the Lancer Guar ds of Boston, forming an advance, reached the superb glacis on thro northeast of the Monument, which had been chosen as the site for the cen tre of the celebration the officers stand being on the outer side of the bblong Square, facing the Monumbnt. At this time, a saline was fired from the navy yard, and the bells of Boston and Cha-f-, icstowrf rung' out stirring peals. On the northeast steps of the Monument Sq'tra'fe', fschrg the officers' stenrd and the glacis, seats had been reserved for fifteen hun- dred ladies (price twenty-five cents eflch) and early eceupied .in g6od part. The Momrment Square itself, elevated some ten feet, computed to give standing room toJJOjOOO persons, was nearly filled be fore the procession made its'appearance, while a mass of individuals lined each end of tire glacis, previously cleared by he Norfolk and-New, Bedford Guards'. Ion. Dan'l. Webster, orator of tire day, though assigned a place- in; the carriages, came in by himself nearly an hour be fore the procession, and was welc6med with repeated cheers. Precisely at half-past 12, the head of he regular procession reached the ground, then clouded by the cannon smoke from the navy yard. ' The mili tary halted outside the area, formed in double lines facing inward, to let the ci vic procession pass through and into the square ahead.- At a' quarter to 1 o'clock, the head of the procession passed into the oblong square between the officers statid and' the monument, th brigade bond in front, followed by the Executive commit'tee in a carriage, escorting the President and suite in a carriage drawn ,by. four su perb bays. The President .was cheered as he rode into the area, and alighting, took his place on the.stand, where Mf. Webster had been for some tinie "soli tary and alone." Messrs. Spencer, Por ter, Wickliffe, and Legare, as they came on the stand greeted Mr. W. very cor dially, and were introduced to the gen tlemen in attendance at", officers of the committees, &c. t But the deepest manifestation of en thusiasm was reserved for the appear ance of the surviving soldiers of the Revolution, who arrived in the succeed ing carriages, and alighting in the centre of the square, tottered with feeble steps to their places on the platform. They were one hundred and eight in number, twelve of whom had shared in the per ils and glories of the bloody struggle on this very ground sixty-eight years ago; three Of them had fought also at Lex ington, where tho first blood was shed in the Revolutionary contest, two months before the more determined strife on Bunker Hill. Phirieas Johnson-, now 97 years old, was in both these conflicts, and was reputed the oldest man present, but we ate assured that Mr. Maynard, (fa ther to the Hon. John Maynard, M. C from this State,) now 99 years old, and also a sharer in the Bunker hill strug gle, was present we know that , he reached Boston the night before in good health and spirits, on purpose to be there. Earnest, profound, reiterated were the bursts of cheering from the immense concourse as these treasured relics of a glorious day toiled up to their seats on the staging. Eighteen years ago when the corner stone of the monu ment was laid by La Fayette, In the presence of sixty thousand freemen, a far larger and stronger band of thern were present, to rejoice bvcf the com memoration of their heroic struggle half a century before. Eighteen years hence, who can hope that even one of them will be left to tell the thrilling stp ry of these three eras in their country's eventful history? The Freemasons, who had done much toward the erection of the monument, (having given the ground, on which they had rjrcvidusly erected a small monu mentto Gen. Warren, their Grand Mas. ter, who fell in the battle,) were out in considerable force, and made an impo sing appearance. They were greatly outnumbered however, by the Odd Fel lows, who must have mustered nearly one thousand. The sons of New Eng land from New York, escorted by our superb Light Guards, 'vere warmly cheered as they arrived in the centre The Hibernians, in four different socio-; ties, wearing the green of their beloved native isle, were in great force and made an admirable appearance. " It was half past one o'clock When the Bunker Hill Monument Association mcrched iri, with the military bringing up the rear of the procession. The scene now presented from the stand was one of unequalled grandeur and sublim. i.ty. Directly in front was the immense concourse which had formed the proces sion; military, civic societies, with em blems and badges, and plain citizens, fo intermingled as to produce the most pic turesque effect. These about filled the I parallelogram which had carlv been! cleared, arid being walled on either side, was guarded by corps of the military at the ends, fronting adense wall of huma'n faces. On the spacious steps' leading from this up to the monument square were seated two thousand ladies, some of whom had been waiting there since ten early hour in the morning. On the square or plateau, above, closely sur rounding the monument, were many thousands' of citizen's at times thirty 1 forty thousand. On the stand itself Were the survivors of the 'Revolution,' the' President of tho United. Suites arid his cabinet, the Governor and Lieuten. ant Governor of Massachusetts, thd mighty orator of the day, ttfe first Gov ernor orMain'rSenaTofsEvaAs; if Maine, Choate of Massachusetts, Mayor Brimmer of Boston, -Robert Tyler, the officers of the day, &c. A mighty ocean of humanity, dne hundred thousand at least, encountered and bounded the vis ion in front and on each side, while high above alU- with the westerly sun just gleaming over its summit, the stately. monument arose in grand and graceful proportion to the heavens, piercing the cloudless azure with its majestic gray, lifting the swelling heart of patriotism to loftiest themes, yet almost rebuking by its calm sublimity, ihe hurried, eager throng of life by which it was surrounded.- .Silence having at length been com manded and'partialiy obtained, Rev, Mr Ellis', of Charlestown addressed the Throne of Grace in fervent prayer Cincinnati Correspondence of ike Whig. ; . Cincinnati, June 30, 1 843. The Washington papers bring official notice of the appointment of Abel P. Up shur as Secretary of State, ad interim. perhaps a vvorse appointment might have been made. But really, Abel is the smallest potato that ever fill ed this effice, heretofore dignified by the resplendent talents of such mqn as Thc mas Jefferson, John Quincy Adams and Daniel Webster. JohnTvlorvT was a lucky event for Abel, Who S otherwise never have been heart beyond tho circuit of the Ten p f Court of Williamsburg, Va, 0VCr he so long presided. c!l No appointment has yet been for the office of Attorney General hoped that some man of commandL'1 talents may be induced to take i g give some relief to the picture of 0' the most corrupt and (Vvu . ne f lions that ever guided the do. ,vvl" twm:n .i.. inica of this coun'ry. Tho Eastern Influenza, or GnWv CHyf aJtCr . been verv trenml t t;..! - lDS i eraldays. Within a day or two, ral of our citizens have been attaCK. The first symptoms are a courrh 2 1 soreness in the chest, and a hoarscnJ that prevents one from speaking aw! a Whisper. e The village of BuchervillciaCanaJa about ten miles bclcw Montreal, has been totally destroyed by fire. It confaflej about 200 houses. The New York racers announce wo ther defalcatfori. . A flour house in Wi street, New York, have had a clerk -their employ for nine, years, and so im. plicit has been their confidence, that they have suffered him to draw checks ontto bank in their name, as funds were . quired to the use of the house. Recently "u"o uwuoiuu iu vAunmie incir ac cdiihts minutely, they discovered that their confidential clerk had drawn witt in nine months checks for his own ben efit to the amount of ten thousand do!, lars. He wis immediately arrested an'J made a full confession of his iniqui ty, slating he had lost it all in gambling and speculating in lottery tickets. Ifeis n prison, and it is the intention ofjhe firm who havo suffered, to prosecute the gamblers who have won their mo ney, in the hope of receiving some of it The Canada Mission have published their annual report, iri which they state that during the year 1842, fifteen hun dred slaves escaped from their masters in the United States, and arc now in Can ada. The Chesapeak and Ohio Canal, will be opened to the town of AJexandria ia the coming month of July. The locks connecting the canal with the harbor of Alexandria,- will be finished in about 12 rrionths. Upwards of .100 recruits from PM delphia and Baltimore, principally k the U. S. frigate Macedonian, arrived at Nor folk on Thursday last. The N,. Y. Tribune, has advices to the fifth of May. fivery thing, was perfect ly quiet at Perriambuco, and likewise at Bahai; the slave trade being carried on at the last mentioned place with as much perseverance ahd success as ever. No thing is known as to the extent of that trade in tha: place, as the slavers have the best chances of carrying it on with out detection; - News had arrived at Pernambuto from Rio Janeiro, and from further Souih. It was said that the Prince de Joinville had already married the Princess and was to depart for France in a month. There is not a particle of truth in the story now going the rounds, that Gov! Corwirifs hVuse a't Lebanon, had been attacked by a mob. Flour sold yesterday at the Canal, say 600 bbls. at S4 06. Whiskey is very dull at 17. Immense shipments of pro visions' continue tp go forward daily up the fiver. C6" The Supreme Court of Errors and Appeals Iri New York have lately made the following decision relative to tho fiat) ilily of stage, steamboat and other common carriers, fully carrying out ihc principles of the common law on that subject: 1. That all common carriers are res ponsible for goods put on board of ves sels of conveyance, without reference or respect to any notice that they may give that they will not be held thus respons- iSle. , , 2. That a notice on the part of the, owners of any steamboat or conveyance that they will not be accountable unless a receipt is taken, does not exonerate then from responsibility. m Invadin? the Vnited states. What they thisx of it in England- We find in a late scientific work, edi ted by one of the first engineers in Eng land, a notice of our rail-road system After glancing at the various linos, tt editor says: "Do'you notscethat they will bind the parts of theUniH togeth er, by cementing their interests! Tht they constitute an essential part of tbs agricultural and commercial, as well as the military system of tho country! that they will facilitate the means of concentrating the army for suppressing insurrection?, or repelling an invasion Invasion1.' who would invade . America with such means of concentrating so r my cf 3,000,000 cf frcer. v '