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Weekly commercial herald. (Vicksburg, Miss.) 1884-18??, June 11, 1886, Image 3

Image and text provided by Mississippi Department of Archives and History

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87090237/1886-06-11/ed-1/seq-3/

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"aid a thomand time, as il that morsel of
paper were hi living spokesman. Truly, the
girl was very much in love, anil absence
made her heart grow fonder, which is not
usual with either male or female hearts, un
lets I see the world wrongly altogether.
About this time Sophia and not Bophia
only, but all of us began to notice that Mr.
Brent looked paler than usual, walked with a
light drag of the right foot, and sometimes
missed a word out of a sentence without
being aware of it Again, he would observe
the mistake, and correct it with an appear
ance of irritation. "Brain mischief going
on," old Bparker whispered. And he wag
right; for one Sunday. evening, after preach
ing, tie rector suddenly became speechless in
the vestry, and lost his power of motion.
He never spoke a syllable again; and even
when he opened his eyes there was no reason
in them. A dreadful storm of wind and rain
came on that night, and blew the golden cock
from off thejchtiroh steeple, and some of the
masonry with it. The tempest raged round
the rectory garden, and uprooted two great
. lm Irees, and cast them across the lawn in
i gigantic ruin. Meanwhile the rector lay as
r"niiint ax if a summer breeze was blowine.
There was no storm that could roar loud
enough to disturb hisf sleep. And in the
morning, when we awoke to see what the
wind had done in our gardens and parks, we
heard our kind-hearted little rector had de
parted from us forever, just while the storm
was uttering its fiercest blast.
We said that we could have better spared a
better man, looked grave a moment, re
marked how uncertain life is, and then
talked of the stcrm, and forgot the. rector.
But to Sophia his death was a terrible sor
row. Somehow Fercival seemed gone; she
would hear no more about him, nor ha ve the
remote but still very actual comfort of talk
ing with his father and seeing his old haunts.
Bhe had borne trials already, and other trials
awaited her; but this was, after all, one of
the sorest she ever felt. She grew lonely,
sad, doubting; began to think Percy would
forget her; tried valiantly to battle with her
fears; cried many hours when she was alone,
then wiped her eves and went downstairs
I smilingly; but it was an aching heart that
f beat in her breast And the body of the rec-
I tor was laid to sleep in the churchyard, and
f hjg successor came. The king was dead, and
-V' the cry was, "Long live the king!" for we
'were all plea?edwith our new parson. He
I preached sermons shorter by five minutes
than those of Mr. Brent. He kept two curates,
good-looking bachelors. He worked the
parish well. So we confessed every one that
the loss of poor Brent was gain to us;
especially these last few years, we said, when
trouble overcame him, and this brain mis
chief had been stealthily making its way
nearer to his vital part. Very soon the old
rector's name was forgotten; but day by day
and week by week we noticed that over the
grave where his mortal part lay fresh flow
ers were strewn by some tender aud unfor
gettuig hand.
Five years had passed away since Sophia
and Percival were parted, and time had left
its marks upon other personages of our story
beside its heroine. Without any question,
Sibyl had greatly increased in personal at
tractiveness. Her dark superb style was de
veloped and heightened as she drew nearer to
the meridian of life. No doubt the early
bloom of youth was gone; but her form had
become more finely rounded, and her carriage
bad become more "stately. She was a beauti
ful woman of the world; no man ever looked
at her once only. But her manner had be
come more retii ent than ever. She relied on
her beauty for a place among her sex, and
was at no pains to cultivate conversation,
letters or any branch of the art o pleasing,
except the setting forth of personal charms.
Had her manner and her talk been what she
might easily have made them, she would have
shone out as a beauty, indeed, in the prime
of her womanhood. For Sibyl had no lack
of sense nor of education either; but proudly
reposing on her incontestible loveliness, she
rather withdrew than put forward her other
attractions. Still she could display herself
when she pleased; one occasion I well remem
ber, when she met in company a vivacious
Italian, who was extremely struck with her
appearance, and paid her a profusion of gay
compliments. At last, his English failing, he
tried to enhance his polite speeches by some
poetical quotation in his own language, adding
that he was afraid she would hardly under
stand what be had said. On the instant Sibyl
answered him back with a return quotation,
as I understood, from the same uuthor. Not
knowing Italian, I could not appreciate her
readiness; but that the retort was lively and
happy was sufficiently proved by the foreign
ers delight His eyes sparkled with pleasure.
"You know more than I do," he exclaimed,
' clapping his hands. "You are a wonder a
wonder, my dear lady!"
But Sibyl relapsed into silence, and treated
her success with a sincerity ot nulinereiico
which showed how lightly she regardud any
mental achievement.
Car had meanwhile changed in a way the
very opposite. She had grown thinner; and
her frame, which wus a large one, was more
prominent Car had gone in for intellectual
ideas, and was improving her mind diligently,
and was last obtaining in our little town the
reputation of being what is now called a
woman's rights woman. She had become
rather too fond of talking in mixed companies
on high subjects, and so fell into the very
error her lively little mother had foreseen ten
years before, . '
"As to Car," Mrs. Barbara suid one day,
"she is tin ning schoolmistress. She talks lec
tures. I wonder she dots not get a few les
sons in action," the littlo satirist said; "it
would become her drawing room and dinner
table finely. Any actor or popular preacher
could tell how to arrange her elbows when
she is discoursing. I can't; for my education,
dears, was neglected in that particular de
partment We only danced and sang and
flirted when I was a girl. Why, I remember
once meeting a man who talked of Peru, and,
I assure you, dears, I thought it was some
where in Germany! But what matter? The
world was ours, andwe had only to live and
enjoy and make others enjoy. And we did
it, girls; we did it! 0, that I was youn,;
Caroline Doolittle, however, was not very
popular in Kettlewell; and this was undoubt
edly owing, not to her sound mental cultiva
tionwhich was as genuine as it was laud
ablebut to the mischievous habit she had of
hrintrinff her attainments into prominence. I
suppose she did it to manifest her Miperiority
over the rest of the women; but, unfortu
nately, the result was that, while she vexed
the women, which she did not mind, she re
pelled the men, which she did mind very
One man, however, paid her the tribute of
a homage which was as unceasing as the voice
of a waterfall. Morning, noon and night
Egerton Rounded the praises of his wife. He
had grown stout and healthy looking, and ho
was as great a simpleton as ever. Indeed,
his giggle had got new notes of imbecility in
.it. aud was now a perfoct wonder of vacuity
in unarticuluted sound. He hud a slight drop
in his lower lip, too, and a fixed smile, which
might have made his very dog understand
what menial weakness is in mankind. But
E&erton adored his wife. They had thret
children now, and from lnfaucy he pointed
these children to their mamma as tht sole
model of excellence and strength. Egerton
wa very fond of nursing his children, and
would wnlV up and down with th'.m by tha
hour, telling mem at brief intervals to look
at their mamma.
"Tremendously gifted woman," he would
sometimes say to his friends. Then, dropping
his voice like Guy Fawkes in the conspirators'
room: "Sometimes I see her reading for two
hour at a ftretch. I have timed her by my
chronometer. What would have become of
mi if I had not married that weman I dont
like to say. I think," Egerton would add,
solemnly, "I think, with my disposition and
my way of looking at things, you know, I
should have gone to the bad."
Egerton had also given himself up greatly
to the study of cooking, and had a little room
fitted up with a stove, and hung round with
pots and pans. I think this must have been
about the time when the great Soyer was
teaching us English people how to work won
ders with soup and fish and fowl. In this
room Egerton would concoct rare dishes,
generally coming out with a very red face,
and now and then wrpsetting a boiling sauce
pan down his thighs; on which occasions he
would rush from the room shrieking; and de
clare that it was really too bad, and he would
give the whole thing up. Egerton had an
idea of working a reform in the present way
of cooking red mullet.
"A delicious fish , " he would say ; "but under
the present system it is sent up in paper;
treated, in fact, as if it were a package. It
is intolerable that a delicious fish should be
treated as if it were a package."
Time, which was writing its record on our
younger people, had not forgot to pencil
deeper lines on Archibald Goldmore. Visible
signs of advancing years were upon him, and
the elephantine firmness of his tread was
going. He stooped; his hair was not so gray
as once it had been. Goldmore, the wie, th
sensible, the millionaire, was dyeing his hair
to keep up the appearance of youth beside his
lovely wife. Ah, lovely young women, what
fools you make of us withering, elderly men!
And even the little mother, so long undying
in her energy, began to show symptoms of
decline. The light step was falling into a
slower movement; the quick motions of the
frame were seldom seen; she was growing a
little deaf, and every one observed it, though,
with characteristic vivacity, she tried to hide
the failing. She began to like quiet bodily
quiet and would sit in her chair hour after
hour; but ber mind was as active and her
tongue as pungent as ever; and often Sophia i
, i .A, v- i? "i i ii. frill.. I
wouiu mugn nil sue was ureu at tue mue
woman's quaint remarks or droll stories of
days gone by. She commented on everybody
and everything with the same satire, sense
and absorbed worldliness as of old Her two
sons-in-law furnished her with abundant
material for criticism; and Sophia often
blushed to think how heartily she enjoyed
her mother's caustic comments on Goldmore
und Egerton. Both vrere favorites with the
ld woman; but Goldmore's mercantile stiff
ness and Egerton's feebleness of mind were
too tempting for her to resist
"I can hardly keep my countenance, Sophy,"
she used to say, "when these two men come in
together. One I can stand; but both is more
than mortal can." (They generally looked
in after church.) " 'Mrs. Temple, how do' you
find yourself this morningf Pretty welli'"
She hit off Goldmore's voice to the note.
And then: "'0, how are you Tremendously
warm day, isn't it? I do dislike a tremen
dously warm day!'" delivered exactly as
Egerton would. Thereupon the little satirist
would fall back in her chair luughing, and
pleased to see Sophia laughing.
"Now, really, manuna, you are too bad l"
Sophia would say.
"Not a bit, Sophy. You like it, or you
would not laugh. And, beside, why need the
old man be a bore and the young man a block
head? O, may the day never dawn when I
do anything but laugh at a stupid or a fool!"
Still Sophia was kept in wonder and feat
by her mother's growing turn for economy.
In some things she was becoming almost
penurious, nnd the question: "What will it
cost?" whic h once she disdained to ask of any
thing that pleased her, was now never off her
lips. There was a positive alarm about her
manner, too, when any new expense wns in
view, which wus full of grave suggestions;
and Sophia quite tried to reconcile henwlf to
Goldmore's opinion that her mother had
lived beyond her means, and was now trying
to eke out her means. Beside, the old woman
would sometimes, in a covert way, try to
sound Sophia as to what she would do when
left alone in the world, and once she actually
asked her if she had any idea of ever making
money for herself. This uneasy question
pointed only loo plainly in the direction of
the practical Goldmore's observation, that
Mrs. Temp'e was living on an income that
would perish with her, and that Sophia would
be left in poverty. But beyond conjecture
no one could go, for the old woman kept her
secret, and would not suffer any interroga
tions. To Sophia she eonfidtd that she felt a
little alteration in strength; but even to her
ghe would nut admit that the cause- was old
"I am a little exhausted, Sophy," she said
one day. "You see, 1 have worked hard nt
enjoyment lor a great many years. I shall
do just what Johnson used to make our peach
trees and vines do at the Beeches. Ix't mo
rtst for a few months, and next year I shall
recruit, regain strength, ftophy, and be us
lively as ever. O, Sophy, Sophy," she cried,
clapping her withered hands together with a
sprightlines which, whether real or feigned,
was equally amazing. "I shall enjoy tho
world, relish it, smack my lips over it, girl,
for years and years to come!"
Shall I tell you why I have written this
story? It was because I met Sophia Temple,
then styled "Lady Beauty," in her fifty-third
year; and her power to charm (at an age
when charms are commonly supposed to be
dead and gone) led me to ask, What is this
woman's secret? And having searched into
her life and character, and noted her ways, I
venture to offer this imperfect record of her
life, and this still more imperfect picture of
herself, for the study of her sex geuerally. I
wish to convince women that it is ft great
mistake on their part to suppose that their
power to please departs with youth. At all
times I have noticed that men of sense seldom
admire or, if you like, grow enamored of
women for beauty alone, but for character,
manner, taste and conversation. Now, while
beauty (we must admit) lessens with tune,
character, manner, taste and conversation
may each be refined and enriched; aud these,
I believe, by their jmprovemeut cau quite
compensate for the loss of personal charms.
Mere beauty is but one bright, unchanging
beam it will grow even wearisome; but
wit, sense, courtesy and humanity are forever
casting forth new and unexpected rays, aud
enlivening intercourse with agreeable sur
prises. And so the story of Lady Beauty is
written as a humble attempt to encourage
women to try to be charming to their latest
day. For they can do it if they try.
Sophia was without question far inferior in
physical beauty to Sibyl, and I think most
people would have said that she was not so
handsome as Caroline. Her features were
regular, her nose straight and fine, her com
plexion delicate and rosy; but still, in her
face sho was no model of womanhood. Her
expression and what is expression but char
acter fixed in the countenance? made Sophia
what she was. Her delicate upper lip, with
the bint of firmness in its fine line, told of
resolution; the soft bawl eyes, with their up
ward glance, had a look of a-piiutiou; tho
nouth was full of tenderness, ready to mold
tself to every affectionate feeling. But what
was this after all? Sophia's nature in So
phia's face!
She was the best dresser I ever knew. Of
jolor, either by study or natural gift, she
was a perfect mistress. Accordingly her ap
pearance pleased numbers of people before
they saw her face; and inuny a time as she
went down the street the curiosity ot those
who walked behind was aroused to see what
might be the face of the woman whose gown
nd mantle were so striking by the harmony
or the contrast of their hue. Flowers, rib
bons, brooches, all that sets off dress, she used
with the most unerring taste. And she man
aged through all the changes of fashion to re
spect herself and her own figure and face; in
the fashion she always would be, but still she
modulated it so as to be the queen and not the
slave. No doubt Sophia must have paid
great attention to her dress, but I scarcely
think she could have achieved such constant
success, or so complete, had she not been a
dresser born.
Then her manners in society were cap
tivating. Here I think the little mother's
homilieR were useful, indeed. With what a
graceful attention she heard what you had to
say! How modestly she gave her own
opinion! She was well read, and could take
her part in most conversations with ease;
and now and then she could deal out a witty
stroke. Indeed, Sophia had a great deal of
humor, but seldom gave it the rein in society.
Night was her time, with Car and Sibyl; and
often the two more brilliant girls, as they
laughed at her comical reminiscences of the
day would feel how easily Scphia could out
shine them if she tried.
She loved the world. Here again the ir.
fiuence of her mother was perceptible, wifift
this difference, that the world in her mother'!
language signified society, and nothing morn,
while Sophia would have included in it the
whole of nature and life. 1 do not think I
ever saw any one who had such a simple and
unaffected enjoyment in living as she. A
walk in the woods was enchantment to her;
and, on the other hand, I have seen her on
the tiptoe of pleasurable excitement for a
ball. She was no poetic recluse; she never
shunned society or it pleasures, but rather
sought them. There was not a particle of
affectation about her; indeed, she retained
her glrltshness and her love of girlish amuse
ments for an unusually long time.
And she certainly remembered her mother's
teaching in another particular; she tried to
please. She knew that a woman ought to be
an object of admiration and affection, and
she ruled her vhole life with this fact in
view. But Sophia understood the art of
charming, which, with all their grace
fulness, few English women entirely do.
Perhaps Nature feels that she has given
our English women enough already, and,
mindful of tho limitation which ought to
mark all mortal things, has withheld that
one gift which would make them irresistible.
Sophia knew that face and figure are not
everything. She understood that it is the
woman a man admires, not her eyes or nose
or lips or waist; the whole woman pereon,
dress, manner, talents and character.
Frenchwomen are in this respect more far-
sighted than our English ladies, but even
Frenchwomen do not fully realize this great
social truth. A woman who knows that her
dress is tasteful and her expression agreeable
and her conversation lively will be little dis
mayed to hear of crows' feet round her eye
lids or gray hail's on her temples. Her bet
ter part is blooming amidst the gentle decay
of more material charms. You will laugh
i hen I tell you before the story ends how
Sophia Temple, Lady Beauty, at the age of
fifty-three, had a new lover, nnd what a
lover he was.
One touch I must add to this picture.
Sophia was in the best sense of tho word a
religious woman. "Without love," cries a
great novelist, "I can fancy no gentleman."
A little diffidently I should add, without re
ligion I can fancy no lady. Sophia's piety
vas in no way obtrusive, never puritnnical,
never ascetic, but gentle, animated and
humane. It quite saved her from her moth
er's narrow and heartless and merely spark
ling worldliness. Sophia loved the world, but
had a hope beyond it, and her religion gave a
richness, a sweetness, a seriousness to all her
I must admit, however, that many of Lady
Beauty's own sex declared her to be nothing
particular. That men admired her was not
to bo denied, but women would often ask
dryly what it was for. When I knew her well
enough to take such a liberty, I ventured to
say to her one day that, greutly as she was
praised by our sex, her own appeared to de
cline to accept her as by any means repre
sentative. She laughed with much gayety.
"Some cf us," she replied, "admire in our
selves what is forcible and striking. I believe
you said to me yourself one day that Lady
Maclieth and some other eminent ladies of the
imagination, whom we remember, made a suf
ficiently vivid impression to satisfy both
sexes. You added something like this: I
somewhat dcubt if Lady Macbeth would lie
altogether a success in W:e drawing room."
"What, then, is your idea of a woman?" I
"I have drawn up a set of beauty rules,"
she replied, rising and going to her desk.
"They will I e the best answer to your ques
tion." She laughed with great sportiveness,
so that I could not tell whether she was jest
ing or in earnest
So she gave me her beauty rules there and
then. But these I rfserve for the last chap
ter of this storv, when, in parting with my
readers and my heroine, I shall narrate two
curious illustrations of her power to please.
I repeat, this story Ih written for the in
struction of the tens of thousands of Eng'
lishwomen who can lie like Sophia Temple if
they try. Whoever of my fair readers will
follow this amiable example shall be relieved
of the anxiety of glancing over her shoulder
for ever to see .what brighter beauty of later
date and fresher charms may be coming up
behind. 'Youth and the attractions of youth
need not be despised by such a woman;
neither need they be envied. Her knowledge
of society, her ways of the world, her fam
iliarity with character these, together with
taste, refinement, Virtue, and the desire to
please, will give her the victory over time.
Like our dear Lady Beauty, she, too, shall be
charming to her latest day.
Prendergast, who resided not far from Ket
tlewell, had occasional opportunities of meet
ing the Temples; and it had been the little
mother's expectation that he might renew
his suit, and, perhaps, after a time, draw
Sophia's affections to himself. He made no
sign, however; and for long enough it seemed
as if our heroine was to have no further
trouble from mankind. But at last at the
end of the five years after Percival's depart
ure for Australia a new lover came upon
the scene.
His name was Done. He was the only son
of oneMi John Done, a retired merchant of
great wealth, whose antecedents were gener
ally described in this way, that he had some
thing to do with leather. The Dones were
plain people, but not vulgar; and having re
sided in Kettlewell for twenty years, and
being charitable and religious, they had grad
ually made their way into our town society.
In fact, they were now received in companiei
where, at their first coming, they dared not
have set foot Still, it was never forgotten
hat ilr. Done was not ait"g"uu-r one of us.
A'ban any stranger would make inquiry con
jerning him, the reply would generally be in
his form: "Done is a worthy old fellow, and
rives capital dinners. If you want a sub
icription for any good cause, go to Done.
Be is modest unaffected, and not the least
jurse-proud. In early hfe he had mmething
'o do with bather." This last clause was a
Formula repeated as faithfully as if it was a
in of "God Save the Queen."
I To be Continued
A Mysterious Package Received
by a Bank.
Cincinnati, June 5. The Van
Wort, Ohio, National Bank received
yesterday by United States express
from the Union National Bank of this
city, a package purporting; to con t tin
f iu iha), but when opened was round
to be tilled with cctton, pasteboards
and railroad advertising bills. The
package should have reached Van
wort on Wednesday. The money
clerk who received it here says he
set' led It with green wax. The way
Dili tor the run of Tuesday night bad
the package marked "short." When
received the package was sealed with
red wax, the delay of twenty-four
hours in transit is not yet explained,
but will doubtless give a clue to the
robbers. No thorough investigation
of the method of substitution can be
made here. Superintendent Conex, of
Toledo, is looking into the matter.
The package could pass over three
roads, and through the bands of three
messengers between here and Van
Wort. This could easily explain the
twentj -four hours delay. The package
was not sealed by the money clerk
here, having been previously stated by
the bank.
The Maxwell Case.
Sr. Louis, June 4 When the crim
inal court this morning continued tie
hearing of the case of the State vs. II
Brooks, alias H. L. Maxwell, John J.
Martin, counsel for the defense, con
tinued his plea for the prisoner. It is
expected that he will have concluded
bis argument by the time recess is
taken. He will be followed by Mr.
Clover, who will make the closing
argument for the prosecution, which
will probably occupy the remainder of
tc-day and part of tc-morrow,when tbe
case will go to the jury. A verdict
will probably not be returned before
late to-morrow afternoon.
The Pan Mall Gazette on Blaine's
London, June 4. The Pall Mall Ga-Z'M-
commenting on Mr. Blaine's cor
rection of tbe report of his Portland
spetcb says: "It is quite in accordance
with Mr. Blaine's character to hurl in
sults and retract them. Mr. Blaine is
a public man, whose support is almost
a discredit. He is now posing to sain
tne next nomination of the Kepublicin
party to the presidency, and if he suc
ceeds it is pretty safe ti say that
America will repeat the rebuff it gave
hi'u two years ago."
Business Failures.
New Yokk, J une 4. The business
failures occurring throughout the
country during the last seven days as
reported to U. G. Dun & Co., number
for the Udttd States 160, and for
Canada 27, or a tcttl of 188 as com
pared with a total of 181 last week,
and 167 for the week previous to the
last. More than one half of the casual
ties are reported from the Western and
Pacific States.
A Fight Expected Between Troops
and Indians.
New York, June 4. A Tombstone
special to the Herald says: A courier
arrived from Dragon Mountain, fifteen
miles north of this place early yester
day morning, bringing the news that
the soldiers have driven fifteen Indians
Uo a natural fortification known as
the Cochise stronghold. A company
of troops are behind the hostiles, and
two other companies are t-ying to
head them off. It was expected that
a fight would take place between the
troops and Indians before dark, and it
seemed to be prcbable that the sc fliers
would be able to kill or ctpture the
red skins. There is a great many
wood choppers in these mountains and
it is feared the Indians will kill some
of them before being driven out.
A New Association to be Formed.
Toronto, June 4. At a meeting of
the oarsmen of the Hanlon regatta last
night, it was announced that Teemer
and lioss would not be present. Lots
were drawn for the arrangement of
scullers in heats. In one heat Ilaiil in,
McKay, Stanton, Ilosraer and liirz wi 1
row; in tbe other Gaudier, filiated,
Hauim, Lee and Conley. A resolution
to form an association of professional
oarsmen was carried unanimously and
Hanlon, Gaudier and Hosmer were ap
pointed a committee U draft by-laws
for the organization.
The President to Visit New Hamp
shire. Nkw York, June 4. A Herald Ply
mouth special says: "The president and
Mrs. Cleveland will visit New Hamp
shire during the summer. The presi
dent will spend a portion of his Au
gust vacation in the White mountains,
making a tour of the principal resorts.
No public notice has been given of tbe
intended visit because of an injunction
placed by the president upon the hotel
keepers, who are to entertain him. He
will come to New Hampshire from the
Adirondack by special train."
Martin Irons' Tool Chest to ba Sold
for Debt.
Sedalia, Mo., June 5. Martin
Irons' tool chest, which has been at the
Missouri Pacific shops, since the in
auguration of the strike, was to-day
advertised to be sold on Monday next
to satisfy a debt of seven dollars and
fifty cents due Patrick O'Conner for
rent. The chest was seizid last even
ing, and is now in the custody of Con
stable Cams. O'Conner Is the Individ
ual who attached a poition of Irons
household goods a few days ago.
A iwarm of teoj in May
Is worth a stack of hny;
A arm of beet in June
Is worth a silver spoon;
A swarm of bees in July
Is not worth a fly.
Old Saw.
Tha Old and New Jersey Cow.
What breeding will do for animals is teen
in the following interesting picture!. They
sLc.'j ihst change thai, has taken pinoe during
the development of the Jersey. Since hun
dreds of yean the little cows from the Chan
nel islands have been famous butter makers.
The main islands are Jersey, Guernsey, Al
derney and Bark. When the breed was In
troduced into this country some thirty-five
yean ago it was the fashion to call them
"Alderneya Now it is the fashion to call
them "Jerseys."
They had teen favorites on gentlemen's
farms in England previous to 1834. Then it
was decided by the Royal Jersey Agricul
tural society to begin to breed them for
beauty. Most organisations must have the
word "royai" tacked to them in Great Brit
ain, it seems, or they won't go. The lords
and gentlemen farmers resolved to recon
struct the Jersey on ornamental principles,
so that she would be a decoration on high
priced lawns and pastures. They undertook
to give her a more graceful, deer-like shape,
and to have her of solid color, which means
all of one color. Previously the breed had
been spotted and pied, like ordinary cattle.
The fashionable colors were solid fawn.
silver gray and pale lemon fawn. In 1S34
two typical cows were selected to breed from,
as showing nearest perfection of that shape
and color desired to be reproduced. Paint
ings were made ot the two animals. One of
them was the cow whose picture is here
given. The other animal is the most famous
fashionable butter maker of these days,
Mary Anne, of St Lambert The longer
body, straight line of the back and more
dearlike head are some of the points of differ
ence. Since 1834 the fashion has been to
breed for color and shape. The recent but
ter making exploits of the breed, however,
have knocked the breath out of the color and
shape boom. The craze is now for butter
makers, be form and color what they will
Bo possibly the next generation will revert
to the white spots and rough frame.
The greatest difference has been made In
the bull by the half century of breeding for
form and color. The butchers of our time
use bad words over the visible admixture of
Jersey blood in beef cattle. This is because
the Jerseys are small and slim. The por
trait of the bull of fifty years ago shows that
he was a better beef animal than his alim
hanked successor of to-day. Observe the
depth of brisket and shoulder. The fashion
able developers have been breeding tbe meat
off instead of on the Jerseys. Now that the
current is setting another way, perhaps
these favorite cattle may increase in weight
and return to their beef-making qualities, so
they will indeed be the breed ot the mil
lenium. Why not breed for siza, tool Then
we can say: This is the cow I long have
Crritimi Kainit.
In the south and New England especially,
where commercial fertilizers must be so gen
erally used, anything that will give the
much needed potash will be of unusual
value. Quite a number kuow that German
kainit is the desideratum, but this knowledge
is not possessed by the great mass who stand
in need of it
German kainit is a natural product dug
from the earth in Germany, as its name in
dicates. It can be easily and cheaply mined
and prepared for market, and those in a po
sition to know say that it can be put in our
Atlantic seaports at a cost of not above $8
per ton. The supply is considered inex
haustible. The chemical composition of
loinit is: Sulphate of potash, 'ii; sulphate
of magnesia, 15; chloride of magnesia, 12)
chloride of sodium, 88; moisture, 14; insolu
ble, 3.
It is at once apparent that kainit would be
a most valuable constituent of a mixture ot
fertilizers for many of our farm and garden
crops. It is an established fact that while
clover contains a larger amount of nitrogen
than almost any other, crop grown on the
farm, it does not seen) to need nitrogeneous
manures. Potash ana linn are the elements
it most needs. It is we 1 known that the
best way in which to supp'.y the lime is by
applying gypjum; and can there be any
doubt that the most feasible means of pro
viding the potash is afforded by German
kainitl Potatoes' are another crop frequently
greatly benefited by a provision of potash;
and where commercial fertilizers only are
used on this crop, it is reasonably certain
that kainit should be one of them.
The composition of a complete economical
manure for cotton is an important problem,
at commercial manures must at present, at
leait, be relied on altogether to make pro&t-
I ! '
gen (tne hint
turned In it): t .
tU?gU d. to m
I I i
t L
quantities wa
economy. Ku
lliSj-KS'i...-, Co.!-;-.' ht W -i
:iit, however, n;ves Luih ii
lie a, con s 1 1 1 i ti f i- 1
potash and inns
fertilizer for cotion.
It is almost neeula to tiKfrwt tha u of
kainit upon tobacco. This crop needs potsi!i
so Ufgnutly largely that kainit is tlie
very fertilizer for it
Glrdllng Fruit Trees.
Professor J. I Budd, of tbe low Agri-
cultural college, writes: Mr. J. B. Spalding,
of Springfield. Ills., hat practiced ringing for
fruit for a number of yoars past His plan
at first was to girdle every other tree in
thickly planted young orchards, but he now
rings alt the trees. He rings the trees in the
latter part of April, which time with us in
the central district of Iowa would be from
the 10th to the 15th of May. He takes off a
ring of bark from the stem one half inch in
width entirely around the tree, taking care
not to injure the cambium layer uniier the
bark. He says: "If hard winters will kill
the trees, to much tbe more necessity for
getting them to bear when young, bunce I
begin to girdle when the trees are but six
years old. 6o far I have found no harm re
sulting from the process It sets them to
bearing at once, and they bear full, too.
With thickly planted orchards, where the
alternate trees will soon have to be removed,
Mr. Spalding's plan may be safely tried. To
illustrate its working on thrifty young trees;
Two yearj ago, on the 10th of May, I wa,
looking at some vigorous Tetofsky trees, m
rich toil, which had not yet borne a dozeu
apples, though over four inches in diameter
of stem. I recommended ringing, and at
once the owner pulled out his knife and went .
at them, taking off a ring of bark nearly an
inch in width. Of course this did not check the
ascent of water and nutriment from the roots
in the newer wood, and it did not prevent
the perfect assimilation of the sop in the
leaves. Yet it prevented measurably the
formation of new deposits of wood growth
below the ringing. Hence the tendency in
the top to that ripened state of wood which
favors blossoming and fruiting.
The next spring these trees were wmte
with blossoms, and thay held a fine crop of
fruit '
Rough Feed Wanted.
All domestic animals need rough feed or
"etover" mixed along with the tine food,
hogs as well as tbe rest In the case of the
ruminating animals, it is doubtful if grain
or meal fed alone goes to the first stomach
at alL A large majority of the experiments
made to determine this point clearly show
that fine foods do not, to any material extent,
go to the first stomach when fed to cattle
alone; and if food does not go to the first
tomach it can be only very imperfectly
digested, since it escapes the macerating
process of the rumen, and being remasticated
and mixed with the saliva. How true this
is every large feeder of cattle, in ' the
west at least, must know. A large
proportion of the kerne's of corn
eaten - by the animals is found in
their droppings, some whole, others broken, '
but all indigested. If they had passed into
the first stomach they would have been
raised and remasticated, aud certainly would
not have escaped this process scarcely
broken. So it is when meal is fed. It passes
into the third and fourth stomachs, a mass
of dough into which the gastric juices can
not penetrate. It is true that the muscular
contractions of the stomach will give a
gentle motion to the dough; but this will
make it more compact rather than of a char
acter that the gastrlo juice can operate
freely upon it If, however, we mix this
meal with cut straw or hay the mixture will
go to the first stomach, and wi 1, of course,
be remasticated; while the bits of straw or
hay will allow the gastric juice to circulate
through the mass and insure complete
digestion. '
In June,
Those who have orchard grass and clover
fn tome fields will be glad that they may be-
?;!n the bay harvest by cutting these long
lefore timothy and red top meadows are
ready for the mowing machine. This saves
a great deal of worry, and when the timothy
Is ripe it may be cut at once if proper calcu
lations have been made. As to the age when
timothy should be cut, it is well to bear in
mind that for one s own use it can hardly be
cut too green after the heads are well out, "
but for sale for city feeding it is preferred as
old si it can be without the teed shelling off
from the heads. It is used not so much as
nutriment as for bulky food with oats or
ground feed. '
Watch for the currant worm, andas soon
at the leaves appear ragged apply white
hellebore a tablespoonful to the pail ot
water by means of a syringe. Bepeat in
about a week.
Market chickens may be pushed to advan
tage by frequent feeding, besides having a
free run, if possible, while they are growing
and before they are put up to fatten. After
ducks have passed the delicate stage, and
have their feathers, they may be given fre
quent feeds of food to give them rapid growth
nnd sizi Tbe earlier they are sold afler
they become marketable tha greater will be
the profit '
The curculio attacks the plums loon after
the fruit is set Jarring the trees and catch
ing the fallen Insects upon sheets spread
upon the ground is the only effective remedy.
It one bud on a graft takes the start of all
the others stop it by pinching. If shoots ap
pear upon grapevines where they are not
wanted remove them. American Agricul
turist - -
Things to Do and to Know.
Dont cut the lawn grass too short
Mow the roadsides and keep down the
nasty weeds,
- Plant celery from the middle of June to
the middle of July.
Sow cucumbers for pickles in June. Make
the plants rather close together in the rows.
The United States crop report shows w
to bo in excellent condition at the end ot
May. , ; - ....
Hat anybody ever tried spraying with
Paris green or Londoa purple for the plum
Encourage toadt in yous hotbed and gar
den and they will destroy more than their
weight in insect pests.
Dust melon vines with Paris green or Lon
don purple to keep off the bug. Dust with
one part of ths powder to twenty-five parts
Sweet lemons are a favorite Mexican
dainty. They are the shape, color and size
of tbe lemons ot commerce, but are sweeter
than the banana.
Thousands of acres of the best cotton and
rice lands in South Carolina have been devas
tated by the flood there. Hundreds of head
of live stock were drowned.
On re more we permit oursnlrm to remark
that Persian powder will destroy the cab
bage worm. Dust it on with the ppwr-hox
like can that is provided to go with ib.

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