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The Port Gibson herald, and correspondent. (Port Gibson, Claiborne Co., Miss.) 1848-18??, October 20, 1848, Image 1

Image and text provided by Mississippi Department of Archives and History

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87090283/1848-10-20/ed-1/seq-1/

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^THE QÏB SOW herald"
NO. 8.
, \V. II- JACOBS, Editor and Proprietor.)
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t w:
ratt. Esq., office of the
Xtr.v York) Morning Telegraph, is our audio
rued agent, to receive advertisements and sub
«ciptioi», and receipt for the same.
Iril. S. f ci.KKRSoN, Esq., is our authorised
Agent, to receive subscriptions and advertise
1 «vents and receive payment for the same, at
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loEM V.—tieurge
* flail .irraagements
The Northern mail arrives every Monday
; Wedne.d.y and Friday, at 10 o'clock, A. M.
andduparts same days at 1 o'clock P. M.
Southern mail, every Monday, Wednesday
and Friday, at 12 o'clock, M., und departs same
days at 12] o'clock, M.
Gillum Mail arrives every Tuesday evening
lud departs every Wednesday morning.
The Northern mail closes at 12 o'clock M.
nrd the Southern at half past 11 A. M.
Office open from sun rise to sun set (Sunday
exoepted.) J. C. MEWJtllOK, r, ill.
Grand Gulf, Oct. 1, 1818.
NORTHERN MAIL, via Raymond, Laves
Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday, at 4 A. M.
Arrives same day s at Ö. P. M.
SOUTHERN MAIL, via Fayette, leaves
Monday, Wednesday and Friday, at G, A. M.
Arrives same days at G, P. M.
NORTHERN MAIL, via Louisville, per
river, arrives twice a week, irregular, and is
wade up on Wednesday and Saturday, at 5.
1*. M.
SOUTHERN MAIL, via New Orleans, per
r.'.er, arrives four times a week, irregular; h
made up on Monday, Wednesday, Thursday
and Saturday, at 5, P. M.
MILLIKIN'S BEND, once a week. Arrives
on Monday at 12, M. and leaves same day at
1, P . M .
Office hours from 8, A. M. to sundown—Sun
days from 8 to If), A. M.
Win. DOWSE, P M.
Cheap Cash Cîrocer aitti I*ro
tfucc Merchant,
No. 7, Stamps' Row,
T HE subscriber has opened a new and
fresh stock of Groceries and Produce,
suitable for family and plantation use, and
ill keep constantly on hand, a good as
sortiaent of articles in his line, which he
w *il sell a l a very small profit for cash, viz:
bown. Loaf and Crushed Sugar; Coffee;
fea; Mutasses; Sperm and Star Candles;
Riston 8oap; Lard Oil; Mackerel; Coarse
" ufj Fino Salt; Pickles; Ketchup; Ground
r'epper, Spice and Cinnamon; Mustard;
U mouds; Figs; Raisins; Boston
'radiers; Soda Biscuit; Tobacco Rice;
'•»wder; Shot; Macaroni; Nutmegs; Cho
tdate; Salaratus; Nails; Matts; Brooms;
Crockery Ware;
Hour; Lard; Bulk Meat; Dried Beef; Pota
Applss; Cheese; Stone Jars, Churns,
Milk Pans and Jugs, <Vc. <&c.
His friends and the public are invited to
-all if they wish to buy their supplies cheap
r or c.ash. March 4.
Fresh Flours.
, T EW ORLEANS and St. Louis brands
just received by
Bricd Beer.
\ good article received, and for sale by
A May 26
Fish, Fish
CALM ON, Herrings and Mackeral in
C Kits, tor sale by A. GILKEY.
Fresh Raisins*
IRESH article received and for sale
Loaf auf j trashed Sugars.
A superior article of above Sogar for sale
Y low by A. GILKEY.
n Coffee,
U IO Havana Coffee, for sale low by
11 .May 26 A. GILKEY.
Smoked Tongues.
I received and for sale low by
J May 26 A. GILKEY.
k Star Caudles, for sale low by
^May 26 A. GILKEY.
K®«*; Thoi*. R. M ADRIDER,
[irrERS his Professional services to the
citizens of Port Gibson, and to-those of
adjacent country. His residence at the
of Port Gibson.
21 - 1 /*
No. 3 STAMPS ROW, one door above
Moody's Drug Store,
R espectfully inform* the public
that he has just returned from New
Orleans with a very handsome assortment
of Goods suitable to the
which are
season, among
Dry Goods.
Comprising a fine assortment of Bareges,
Painted Muslins; Sheetings and Shirtings;
Calicoes, Ginghams, black and fancy Silks;
Irish Linens and Lawns, Linen Cam
bric, Silk and Cotton Hdkfs., Swiss, Book,
ami Cambric Muslins, Blanket, Silk, and
Thibet Shawls, etc.,etc.
Cashmere and Merino dress and frock
coats; black and fancy Cashmere, Merino
and Linen Pants; Satin and Fancy Cash
mere Vests, Shirts, Drawers, Suspenders,
Gloves, etc.
Hats and Caps.
Fine Silk and Beaver Hats, Oil'd Silk
and Glazed Caps, for men and boys.
Boots anti Shoes.
Men's Calf Boots, Calf Brogans for men
end boys, coarse, black and Russet Brogans,
Ladies Morocco and 8eal Shoes and Gait
ers, Childrens and Misses Shoes and Gait
An assortment of Crockery and Glass
Ware, Knives and Forks, Scissors, Razors,
Penknives, Candlesticks, Looking Glasses,
Tobacco, Cigars, etc., etc.
Those who desire to purchase articles in
his line are requested to call beibre pur
chasing elsewhere, as his stock has been
carefully selected, and will be sold at very
small advances on cost for Cash.
April 28, 1848.
35- tf
IIE subscribers have just received a
splendid assortment of Fashionable and
Seasonable Goods, consisting in part of the
following articles, viz:
White and colored Linen Drillings,
Cottonades, Hickory Checks,
Blue Plaids & Stripes for womens dresses.
Brown Linens, Irish Linens,
Assorted Calico Prints,
Colored Jaconet Muslins.
Cross-barred Muslins,
Swiss Muslins,
Linen and Cotton Diapers, •
do do do Sheeting.
Table Linens, Linen Lustre,
Brown and bleached Domestics, Lowels,
4-4 5 4 and 0-4 Matting,
Mahogany ()'l Cloth.
Grass Skirting,,
Silk, Thread and Kid Gloves,
Hosiery, assorted, «Ac.
French Marino Dress Coats,
English and German 'Dress Coats,
Grass Linen Sack Coats,
Brown do do do.
Linen Check Dress and Frock Coats,
Cottonade do do do do.
Colored Alpaca Sack Coats,
French Marino pants,
White and colored Linen Drilling Pants,
Nankeen Pants, Collonade Pants,
Linen check Pants,
White and colored Marseilles Vests,
Black Satin Vests,
Linen and cotton Drawers,
Linen bosom Shirts.
Hats.—Panama, Leghorn, Oampeachy
and Straw Hats. Beaver and Silk Hats,
and also a good assortment of
to which we invite the attention of our
friends and customers.
April 21, 184 q.
IVeW and Fashionable
B agging & Rope, just received by
the undersigned and for sale.
50 pieces Bagging,
50 coils Rope,
5 bales Twine.
Bkougiiton & Wright.
September 1,1848.
E would call the attention of our friends
and customers to our importations of
new and fashionable Spring Goods, which
we are now opening, received per ships
Ashland and Thetis, direct from New York.
These goods have been selected with taste,
are many of them of new styles and pat
terns, comprising a general assortment of
Summer Silks; Bareges; Fig'd French Ja
conets; French Ginghams and Gingham
Lawns; Organdys; Foulard Silks; Brazilli
ans, «Ac. Handsome Ejnbroidered worked
Collars; Chimesettes; Reveire Bordered
Linen Cambric Handkerchiefs; Ladies' H.
S. Gloves, assorted; Long White Kid do.;
Herman and Bcrege Shawls; Berege anil
Satin Scarfs; Cravats & Neck Ties; Swiss,
Cambric, Jaconet and Nansook Muslins,
and a very handsome assortment of new
style Spring Ribbons. We have a new
stock of Gentlemen's Clothing, made up in
fashionable style and of good material, all
of which we are prepared to sell on mode
rate terms. J S MASON & Co.
March 17, 1848.
liiiBsçy & .leans.
^ BALES Linseys,
J 3 " Jeans,
J S Mason & Co.
for sale by
July 21, 1849.
Bagging, Rope anil Twine,
J) 100 pieces Bagging,
1 Bale Twine,
J S Mason, dc Co.
for sale by
July 28, 1848.
Blue-Lick Water.
BARRELS just received and for sale
J. S Mason & Co.
b y
Jnly 21
"WtLERY — A lot of fine Pocket Knives
J and Razors, just received and for sale by
Nov. 26
Robert Potts.
Joiin G. Hastings.
JtlSf Received.
S ANDERS' 'Harry ofthe West'Tobacco, j
Myers'"Phoenix" " !
Price's, Rogers' and other Brands, j
Large assortment of Cigars, .
Also, Shot Pouches, Powder Flasks,
Game Bags, and Walker's Percussion Caps.
Potts & Hastings.
H txrivrt o •nr
a\v ANA a. ugar especially for preserves,
supenor article of Imperial lea,
«lac . el
Soap in small Boxes.
IIE family residence, at present occn
pied by J. T. Marye, Esq., is now of- j
fered for sale This is the most desirable j
situation for a family, in the Town of Port
Gibson, embracing the whole of squares
No. 7, all enclosed, being the third square
immediately West ofthe Female Academy,
The main building is a large
* Court House Suuabe,
Port Gibson, Miss.
H AVE opened at their store, an entire
new stock of Groceries and Produce,
consisting in part of
Brown Sugar,
New Bedford Candles, Rice,
Soapln small Boxes for family use,
Coarse and Fine Salt,
Table, "
Candies and Fruit,
Cigars, Mackerel,
Havana Coffee,
S. H. «
Soap, Boston No. 1
Lard Oil,
Wine Vinegar,
Green & Bl'kTea
Sweet Oil,
Spices of all kinds,
Old Rye Whiskey,
Rectified "
IlaniB, Lard, Flour, Arc.
Together with a good assortment of Cas
tings, Nails, Brushes, Wooden and Crock
ery Ware, and variety of other articles.
Just Received.
S HAY'S Superior Family l!
Sugar Cured "
Clear Sides,
Dried Beef,
St. Louis and Ohio Flour and Lard,
Potts & Hastings.
41— 3t
June 9,1848.
Tor Families.
S ODA Biscuit,
Boston Crackers,
Pilot Bread,
English Dairy Cheese,
Call at
Potts & Hastings.
To Families.
Euxxs_& Hastings.
» • tii
well finished in every respect; having a cir
cular stair-way leading to the sky-light
from the centre, with galleries running
the entire length, and a twelve foot passage
through the middle, east and west.
Also a two story brick kitchen, with ser
vant's rooms, attached to the south end,
and galleries entire, affording ample room
for lodging, washing, ironing and ail culina
ry aflairs, with a good
This properly has been
at the door.
repaired the present year, and put in good
order, arid well painted. The out buildings
are all that could be desired, furnishing
every requisite for convenience and com
fort. It has also a good garden and orchard
attached, and the main yard handsomely
decorated with select shrubbery.
Any person wanting such a property
will do well to examine it, as it will be sold
low for cash. Possession given the 1st of
January, 1849. Any information required,
September 29, 1848.
between the hours of 11 o'clock, A. M- and j
P. M., the following named slaves to wit: j
Asa, Dolly, Ella, Martha, Angeline, Mat, j
Jim, Poindexter Reuben and Rowan or
many of said slaves as will he sufficien
for the payment of the debt in said Deed
mentioned due to Charles Clark, at whose a
request the said sale will be made.
Surviving Trustee. 0
. . j , r î . * I
IIE undersigned has for sale, a stout, .
healthy, negro woman, about 3o yeais !
age. She is a good field hand and a
tolerable cook, a good coarse sempstress,, j
and would be very valuable to any one who
needed a woman to make up negro clo- z
thing. For terms, apply to
* *
rz-xn SALE
WILL sell, on reasonable terms, a hand
some residence bein«* a two story frame
house containing' nine°rooms.—Also, all
neees«arv out-buildines, a good cistern and
about twenty acres of land, enclosed for
sture ^ - H G J„ POWERS*.
Rocky Springs, Sept 19, 1848—4-8m i
A CCORDING to the provisions of a Deed
of Trust executed by Charles T. Miles,
on the 30th of October, 1840, I will sell at
Public Sale for cash, at the Court House in
Fayette, Jefferson county, on the
Twenty-third (lav oOI.ircli
September 15, 1849.
%* Port Gibson Herald copy for six
months and send account (with proven ad
vertisement) to this office for settlement.
Southern Watch Tower*
Grand Gulfi Sept. 15,1848.
From the New Orleans Delta,
At the Whig Meeting at Carrolton,
t. iciQ
La., on the 21st of Sett., 1848.
* i
Nothing but a sense of 4uty prompts me
to address you on this occasion. No feel
mg of personal pride or ipirit of personal
exhibition brings menöwbeßre you. The
subject which has assembled us is no idle !
or unimportant matter; it is, withe contra
r ','. 0 , ne °f * be nios * important subjects
which could engage our minds and hearts,
and involves one of the most sacred and
momentous duties which belong to our po
sition as citizens of thi—a/eat Republic,
We meet together to discuss views and in
terchange opinions in reference # to the
great question of the Presidency of this
Lnion. It is a subject of deeper concern
than even any social questioi which might
agitate our minds, for society is but the in
ner circle, whose integrity and stability
necessarily depend upon that great outer
circle of political organization. A due and
proper attention to our political duties is
essential to the character of a good citizen
and useful member of society. No man
can be a good father, husband or brother,
who is not prompt and faithh.il in the dis
charge of his political duties, who does not
understand the obligations imposed, and
the rights conferred by the Constitution and
government under which he lives.
In a few short weeks, in the waning of j
another moon, millions of free citizens of
this Republic will be called on to perform
the highest duty imposed bv the Constitu
tion. The two great political parties, into
which our people are divided, are already
in motion. The notes of preparation ring
through our land. We must burnish up
and rivet on our armor, we must repair
our battered shields for the great fight,
Louisiana, like the rest of her sister States,
must wheel her columns into the line of
battle and prepare to partake of the glory
of the victory, or to share the ignominy of
the defeat, as the result of jjhe great con
test of November may determine,
j What, fellow-citizens, is the matter in
j volved in this contest. It is not a matter
of mere personal choice or preference. If
j it were there would be no two parties in
! this State. Ifthe question were, who should
j command our army, 1 Taylor orCass, through
out the broad extent of this rich and beau
tiful State there would be but one voice.
It would be in favor of that brave old hero
and patriot, who, more than any man since
Washington and Jackson, has illuminated
the history of our country, and rendered
her name great and glorious throughout
the remotest corners of the world. It would
he for him who lives among us, whose
and daughters mingl# withj^ t j ded
w'hVfi? uiSftKTto us by all those links
of steel, which society and neighborly in
tercourse creates,and who, you know, will
j be prompted by the strongest motives
j which can regulate the conduct of man to
guard and protect your rights and interests.
Would you go, for your leader, to the
cold North, and choose one who has shed
no lustre on Louisiana, who knows not
your interests, and has no sympathies in
your feelings, your hopes and your pur
suits, one too, who in that great battle, in
which his friends declare he prostrated the
five great continental powers of Europe,
thanked his God that he had ever been op
posed to slavery, that he never owned a
slave? As the representative of this Con
federacy, composed as well of slave as of
non-slaveholding States, did he not travel
out of the line of his duty, to insult your
feelings and denounce your institutions?
[Hurrah for Old Zack.] Is this the man
you are to take for your commander-in
chief, in preference to him who led your
fathers, your sons and brothers, to victory
and glory; who has made Americans no
less illustrious for their moderation in vic
tory than for their terrible power in battle;
who at Monterey thought not of the bloody
glory' of the victorious battle storm, hut re
membered the precious lives of the hus
bands, fathers and brothers committed to
his charge, and interposed his arm to stay
the bloody waves of war. The man who,
more than any other military hero in the
pages of history, save the immortal father (
of our country, blends mercy with power,
generosity with valor, moderation with
firmness; who unites the strength and vi
gor of man with the warm simplicity of i
the child, and the tender benevolence and !
mercy of the woman. Oh. no! fellow-citi- 1
zens, if there were no political considéra- j
tions to interfere in this matter, if we all
could give full play to our personal prefer- j *
ence, Louisiana, throughout her broad j
prairies, and along the banks of her noble j
rivers, w mild ring with one loud acclaim j
for Old Zack. j
But I am not prepared to deny that po- !
litical reasons should control in making up j
our choice of Chief Magistrate of this great !
Republic. We should not give way to
our affections and feelings. Reason must
a l s0 be consulted in this matter.—Reason,
that Kin<r of the Mind, and President of the
Heart! °It is our duty, guided by the light |
0 f reason, to examine well if there are any j
political objections to Old Zack which !
should prevail over the strong afiections of j
our heart, that prompt us to support him. i
If there are any such, I say, ihougb you ! in
tear your heart-strings in so doing, it is
your duty to withhold your vote from him.
I would not vote for my father or brother
. f j udgm ent and reason did not ap
the a | t> It js not true we rest our j
rt of old Zach on persona j grounds,
j f " e d;d) there wou j d > je Httle use for
« u - thig batt j e> q^e name of Old
z ac k makes every one-man, woman and
child—feel good. Even Democrats can
not put their hands on their hearts and de
clare that their blood does not throb freer
and faster through their veins when that
name is pronounced. We all know that if
they could have got ahead ofthe Whigs
they would have monopolized him long
ago. Would they not then with one voice all
—for they are a glorious hand of brothers,
and move in solid column—h^ve borne him
into the Presidency! Andtf any rash '
Whig had uttered aught afainst his patri- it
j otism and honesty, could he have found a
safe residence in Louisiana—throughout
! a ^. lts w *? e ® xteIit - No! If Old Zack had
only received the imprimateur, the endorse
meilt of the Baltimore Convention, the en
logies which the Whigs now sing to him
would have been but cuckoo notes to the
loud shouts—the welkin ringing pæans of
the strong-lunged Democracy. The name
of Cass don't sound well; it sticks in the
! throat like Macbeth's "Amen,
name of Old Zack rings well on every
tongue. It runs smoothly in every lan
gnage, it rhymes with every tune,
sounds joy and pride to the heart of every
Louisianian; for it is the name of one who
has made his State illuetrioue. Lot Lira
travel to the farthest portion of the globe,
and he will find the name of his State glo
riously associated with deeds, virtues, and
a name whose renown is hemmed in by no
metes, and bounds. He will find, that next
to the glory of being the countryman of
Washington, will be the pride of being the
neighbor of Zach Taylor!
Why, then, should not all the people
unite upon him? He does not belong to
us Whigs. We have given no bribe, no
price for him. He has started without any
pledges or promises to us. He has only
declared, that if the people will choose him
as their President, he will perform the du
ties of the station with an honest heart, and
with such talents as God has vouchsafed
him. He will be President as he has
j been the leader of our armies—not of a
party or class, but of the whole people,
Would you exchange such a man for
Lewis Cass? It would be like an ex
pledges, why can't they? We ask no
pledges or platforms from him; we only
desire him to stand where he does—on the
platform of the Constitution—the only plat
remote and secret isle, and there learn the
uiost difficult of all governments to gov
ern myself.
It is time that the mouths of these dem
Whigs are
But the demagogues say the Democrats
should not touch him, because Whigs sup
port him. And has it come to this: that
Whigs are to be considered as diseased
Lpo^whoar, to In
Are we fehmaelites, against whom all our
other brethren turn their hands? Are j
Whigs less honest, patriotic, and virtuous,
than their fellow-citizens of other political
And thisbringsmetothequestion, which
is beginning to be a serious and important
one in this country, whether our people are
to be perpetually seperatéd by broad and
impassable ravines of party hostility; whe
ther bruther is to be arrayed against broth
er —son to be turned against father, and all
the family and social ties to he broken anil
severed by the force of party passions and
antipathies. There are demagogues who
thrive by nourishing these animosities,
whose interest it is to keep alive these po
litical animosities.
It is one of the cries of these creatures,
that the W T higs are opposed to the people
—that they are the enemies of the country
—that they were traitors in the late war
and in the Mexican war, and no Democrat
should touch anything which has been de
filed by Whig hands. Fellow-citizens this
language and these feelings should be de
nounced by all honest men.
I have been in political life—I have been
excited by party strife, and have indulged
in political crimination and recrimination,
but never yet, I trust, has anything fallen
from my lips which could be tortured into
a doubt of the honesty, patriotism and good
intentions of my political opponents. If I
thought as those demagogues think, that
one half of my fellow-citizens were cor
rupt traitors and enemies to the country, I
should flee, like Robinson Crusoe, to some
change of a fifteen-shilling pinchback gal
vanized watch for one of those old fashioned
turnips, all true gold, and worth a hundred
dollars. Why can't the Democrats take
Old Zack? If we can stand him without
form wide enough for any honest man.
We do not build up any temporary bridges
across creeks, so hastily and clumsily erec
ted that every day they require some
mending, and ask him to pass over them,
instead of over the massive, sofid, granite
built, iron-fastened bridge of the Constitu
tion. We took Old Zack as connubial
partners take one another—for better and
for worse—with no other dower but his
name—no other wealth but his great vir
tues and illustrious deeds.
agogues should be stopped,
People as well as Democrats, and equally
entitled to credit for patriotism and good
motives- Ikese domino politicians, who
* rave * over " ie State with checkered boards
scra P s domino quotations from news
Impers and speeches, and shreds of slan
ders, collected from every dirty channel
^ervoir, keeping ahve political hos
!es ' a . n
JemSues should be°Jent to the rraht
^ ind f na ^ tly f roW ned down by a
and tr * th .i 0 yi n g people,
° 1 1 .
Y ie "on°r of our country, no less than
trut ^ and justice demand that we should
maintain that the great mass of our people,
without distinction of party, are patriotic
are honestly and faithfully attached to our
country and its institutions,
There will always be parties in this and
in every other free country'. I have never
maintained any other doctrine than that of
the utility and necessity of parties. But
that parties are unchangeable and inflexi
ble—and that old distinctions created by
ssues which have long since been put to
rest, should be kept up through names,
mere words, which mean nothing of them
selves, is most absurd and disgusting,
Thus we sec the domino demagogues con
tinually styling the whigs ofthe present
day, old Federalists, Hartford Convention
men, and identifying them with old and
unpopular measures which at some remote
period of our history engaged the minds
and excited the passions of our people. Do
these demagogues forget that parties, like
all other things more than anything
else, change with tune and circumstances,
Who originated a Protective Tariff but
South Carolina? Who first protested against
but Massachusetts? By whom was the
first United States Bank established, if not
dy the democratic party and administration?
So of all the other great questions which
from time to time have divided our people.
Parties have been perpetually changing
and reversing their positions. Hence the
absurdity of exhuming these old issues and
throwing tha weight of the unpopular side
upon those of the present day who happen
to hear the same party names under which
these issues were once fought and decided.
I was once a bank man, but I would not
revive that institution now. It has been
overthrown to the very great injury and
inconvenience of the people, but the evils
of the change are in a great measure pass
ovi u*et und I du nut Ucslie iu puss llirOUgh
any more such embarrassments and confu
sion, as another change in the monetary af
fairs of the country' would produce. We
are engaged in a great experiment. I am
Avilling to give the Sub-Treasary a fair
trial. A bank is inexpedient unless it is
necessary, and it is not now necessary.
So do measures and so should men change
with the times.
Why, then, these perpetual imputations
against the patriotism of whigs? Have
they not participated equally with demo
crats in sustaining the honor and rights of
the Republic? Is there any battle field,
fought, by our countrymen, o'er which the
blood of whigs and democrats has not flown
in mingled currents,—where the whig
bones do'not glisten beneath the light of
the moon as brightly as those of the demo
crats,—where whig arms ha' r e not upheld
the .banner of the Republic with grasp as
firm and valor as desperate as ever demo
crat displayed?
How absurd, not to say insulting, to tell
the young man who, just arrived to man's
estate, obedient to the prompting of his in
genious heart or the convictions of his un
sophisticated reason, gives his vote for the
whig ticket, that he is a traitor of 1812,—
that he is one of those who plotted treason
and disunion, in the Hartford Convention,
and who burnt blue lights in New London
—before he even was bom!
But I dwell longer on this theme than it
Let us, then, pass to the consideration of
the political objections to Old Zack. We
have assumed that you, as patriotic citizens
of Louisiana, will not withdraw your confi
dence from Old Zack and bestow it upon
Cass, without some good valid reasons.—
Let us, then weigh Cass against Taylor
and see who first kicks the beam.
It is alleged, that Old Zack, your neigh
bor and fellow-citizen is placed in an
tude of hostility to_ slave instituting'
tue of his association ' or T
prudently dragged into this contoci. an 4
j made an issue where it never should have
been, referred to. Any man,at all acquain
ted with iW. views ofthe Northern people,
knows that ninety-nine out of every hun
dred of them are* free soil men—opposed
to the extension of slavery. There is no
respectable Northern man who is in favor
of Congress interfering with shivery in the
States where it exists. On this point, Mr.
Fillmore has made his sentiments as clear
as a noonday's sun. Indeed, upon the
whole subject of slavery, he is fully as
sound as Cass, who has resorted to hypoc
ricy, to doubtful oracles and ambiguous
givingsforth, calculated to mislead and de
ceive all parties. Whilst at the North the
whole people are thus united in favor of
free soil and against the interference of
Congress with slavery in the States, we at
the South—whigs and democrats—have no
two opinions, no division of sentiment on
the subject of slavery. We are all com
pelled to be true to that institution,
would not put halters around our necks,
nor apply torches to our homes—so we can
never view this abolition agitation with any
but the same feelings of hostility and op
position. If I had time, I could show that
Lewis Cass, who is now amusing the peo
pie with such sphinx-like oracles, appa
rently in favor of the rights of the South,
was in truth the father and originator of
the free soil agitation in the North-western
But, fellow-citizens, dropping the ambi
guous and referring to the practical eviden
ces of the democratic friendship for South
ern rights and institutions,—let us inquire
who is now the great head and front of the
anti-slavery movement. Is he not that
same, faithful, firm democrat, the Northern
man of Southern principles, who was to be
a second Moses to the South, to lead her
through all her perils and difficulties, into
the promised land of safety. And yet, how
has he kept his loud protestations of fideli
ty to the South? Just as Cass has and will
—just as every Northern man will, who is
so profuse of promises. And, fellow-citi
zens, beneath the black banner borne by
this apostate Northern man with Southern
principles, and among the mongrel host of
free-soilers, abolitionists, amalgamationists,
and vote-yoursclf-a-fann men, let it be re
membered there are at least five democrats
to one whig.
The time will soon come when whig
and democrat will have to stand together on
this subject. It behooves us, then, to es
chewall premature agitations and divisions
on a matter of such primary and funda
mental importance to our peace and hap
But there is another topic upon which
much of the opposition to Gen. Taylor is
based. It is charged in general terms that
he is opposed to the Constitutional exercise
of the Veto Power. He is not. He*is for
leaving that power where the Constitution
placed it. He is opposed to the doctrine
that the Executive possesses legislative
powers, and can defeat the popular will
Whenever his caprice may prompt him.
I learn that it is maintained by your dis
tinguished and eloquent Senator, who is a
native of that bright land*vvhich is at pre
sent, convulsed by agitations of a people,
striving to create for themselves a popular
Republican Government-—that under our
Constitution the President is
tative of the people, and the Executive the
popular branch of our Government. Is
this sound doctrine? Has the President of
this Union, one man out of twenty millions
of freemen, the right of raising a revenue,
of imposing taxes, of expending the money
of the people, and of performing any of the
duties usually exercised by the people's rep
resentatives? If he possesses such powers,
then is he more absolute than any monarch
in the world! If he can put his hands in
to y r our pockets and take therefrom what
ever he thinks necessary for the public
weal, you will soon not have picayunes
enough to jingle, you will be the victims of
the worst organised system of tyranny
which ever existed. And yet this doctrine
is openly avowed by these strong friends
of the \ eto. It is a radical error of those
founders of the Constitution. tn .«««urn«
ai me » eio was come freu upon the Pre
sident as a protection to the people against
their representatives—as a check upon the
people themselves. It was in truth intend
ed only as a means by which the one de
partment of the Government could protect
itself against the other,—-by which the Le
gislature could be prevented from overri
ding the Executive. It is the balance
wheel, which is to rectify and correct any
disorder or displacement of the machinery
of Government, which may be mused by
too great power of any branch thereof.
But these wise pundits strive to prop up
their heresy by recurring to their classics.
They say that the origin ofthe veto among
the ancient Romans show its true
and design, that it was intended as a pro
tection of the people against the usurpation
and excesses of their representatives. Now,
this reference indicates an ignorance which
would entitle any schoolboy in the first
class of history to a severe application of
the birch—or, what is far more reprehe
sible, it evinces a purpose to humbug and
deceive thejpeople by palpably erroneous
citations. What reader of the elementary
works on history, does not know that when
the Tribunes wefe created the people of
Rome had no representatives? Who does
not know that previous to the establish
ment of the Tribun itial power, all the le
gislative functions was confined to the Se
nate, composed of Knights of the Patrician
order, to the exclusion of the great mass of
the people. The oppression of this feature
of the Government of Rome led to that up
rising of the people which resulted in the
establishment of the Tribunes with the
power of veto on the acts of the Senate.
They were vested with no legislative pow
er whatsoever—they could not impose a
tax or burden, they could pass a law,
but they could by spying I forbid, (veto.)
prevent »I»- passage of any law by the
operlegislative department. Thus, then,
we see that this power was conferred to
protect the people against the Patrician or
der, not against the people's representa
tives, as these learned Thebans would have
s'on believe. Ön <hi« c-y;--* 1 *
time to say <m .n n t I desire. But I have,
as you have perhaps neurd, challenged the
Democratic champions to a discussion
the veto power; the challenge is still open,
and whenever the glove is taken up, I
shall be ready to expose this most mon
strous fallacy of Locofocoism—of Locofoco
ism with a little bit of the mad-tongue, the
fallacy of the year, or rather of the fall; for
it never was heard of until a few weeks
11 -
r J
Gen. Taylor, on this subject, occupies
the true constitutional ground. He does
not give up the veto power, but he will
exercise it under such restrk tions and pro
visos as will leave untrammelled the legis
lative pywer of the Government; that is:
only in cases of manifest violations of the
Constitution, or when laws are passed in
haste and without proper consideration:
any other provisos are repugnant to the
republican feature of our Government and
destructive of popular rights.
Now, does not old Zack occupy higher
grounds than Cass, who swallowed the
whole Baltimore platform, old planks and
new, pins, joists, supporters and all; a plat
form, the best portions of which are stolen
from other people's lumber yards, and which
has required so much mending, that none
of the old timbers now remain in its patched
and rotten frame. Cass swallowed it all
like the symbol ef Eternity swallowing
Time, he presents the interesting picture
ofa snake with its tail in its mouth.
Among other rotten planks in this plat
form, the most rotten is that relative to the
Wilmot Proviso, which was stolen from
the Buffalo Lumber Yard, and which is
about as secure and as satisfactory to the
South as the plank upon which the poor
criminal stands, and which will presently
slide from under him and launch his soul
into eternity.
These platforms are curious things.
They started with the nomination of Martin
Van Buren. Then the Democratic creek
was low and shallow, and a smal bridge of
seven planks sufficed to span it. But now
the banks have caved in, some of the pins
have rotted out, the stream has swollen con
siderably, and new planks have to be added,
and the underworks must be strengthened
by additional timbers.
Now, an interesting question in multi
plication arises here. If it took seven
planks for a Van Buren platform, and eleven
for Cass, how many will it take for the next
Democratic candidate? These bridges are
not permanent works, erected for posterity,
but they aje temporary structures, built in
a single night, like those which a frantic
man throws up for his own purpose to get
over a stream in his path, and cares not
whether anybody else will ever be able to
follow him.
A number of pot-house politicians, of
office-seeking wire-workers, of self-consti
tuted, delegates, proceed every few years to
Baltimore, call themselves the representa
tives of the people, four-fifths of whom never
heard before of the individuals claiming to
represent them, and enact and proclaim a
certain creed, which, like the Thirty-nine
Articles of Trent, all the faithful must
adopt, Or bum at the political stake.
Now this is a presumption and tyranny
which no Whig Convention would dare to
assume. This making principles and creeds
for the nonce—this cramming politics,
like a red-hot poker, down people's throats,
don't suit the taste of our people. Demo
crats even won't stand it. They, too, begin
(Concluded on fourth page.)

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