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« » n & 2 B 2 B 21 §â ÏÏP â Sf D 1 * Sf ÏÏP &£?& <a a PORT «IBSOX, CLAIBORNE COUNTY, RISS., NOVEMBER 10, 1848. NO. It. . jggpORTOIBSON HERALD JV'. H. JACOBS, Editor and Proprietor.) ' PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY MORNING, BY WM. F. EISELY. t is trimas®. $S3 00 2 00 Paviblein advance, for one year, »• " " six months, .i within six months, for one year 4 00 *• at the end of the year \'o subscription will be taken ior a shoiter • ,j than six months; and no paper will he ^continued until all arrearages are paid, except , t | lC , option of the publisher. A failure to no ity a wish to discontinue will be considered a mnv vjeNTS. Will be charged at the following rates: One dollar per square for the first, and Fifty cents for each subsequent insertion. Twelve lines, or less in Long Primer, or nine in Brevier, consti tute one square, over twelve and under twenty tour, two squares, and every subsequent twelve fraction oi the same, an additional square. Political Circulars or electioneering Cards will be charged one dollar per square, payable in advance, ° Merchants advertising by the year, gg per agreement. Fees for Announcing Candidates. }\,r District and State Offices, ** County Offices, •4 Members of Board of Police, " Magistrates and Constables, with a sufficient quantity of tickets. Extra tickets, per 100 The fee for announcing a candidate must be paid for. when the name is handed in. Professional Advertisements. For twelve lines or less, three months, $5 00 9 00 15 00 5 00 E or $15 00 10 00 5 00 3 00 2 00 six « 14 44 4« (4 tw( ] v g Advertisements sent in without being marked with the number of insertions, w ill be published until forbid, (except legal advertisements, for which the law prescribes the time,) and charged according to the foregoing rates. Any alteration made in an advertisement after the first insertion, will subject it to an extra charge. The hill for each advertisement is due at the maturity or discontinuance of the same. All letters or communications.to insure atten tention, must be post paid. Agency. —George i ratt, Esq., office of the (New York) .Morning Telegraph, is onrautho red agent, to receive advertisements and sub ««ription*, and receipt for the same. Ilf 11- S. Fulkerson, Esq., is our authorised Agent, to receive subscriptions and advertise ments and receive payment for the same, at Grand Gulf. .Hail Arrangements OF the PORT GIBSON POST OFFICE. The Northern mail arrives every Monday Wednesday and Friday, at 10 o'clock, A. M. «ml departs saifle days at 1 o'clock P. M. Southern mail, every Monday, Wednesday and Friday, at 12 o'clock, M., and departs same i days at I2| o'clock, M. (illInin Mail arrives every Tuesday evening and departs every Wednesday morning. The Northern mail closes at 12 o'clock M. and the Southern at half past 11 A. M. j Office open from sun rise to snn set (Sunday cicepted.) J. C. MELCHIOR, P. M. FUST OFFICE DEPARTMENT, Grand Gulf, Oct. I, I8I8. NORTHERN MAIL, via Raymond, leaves Tue*rfay, Thursday, and Saturday, at 4 A. M. Arrives same days at 8. P. M. SOUTHERN MAIL, via Fayette, leaves Monday, Wednesday and Friday, at 6, A. M. Arrives same days at 6, P. M. NORTHERN MAIL, via Louisville, per river, arrives twice a week, irregular, and is made up on Wednesday and Saturday, at 5. P. M. SOUTHERN MAIL, via New Orleans, per river, arrives four times a week, irregular; i« matie up on Monday-, Wednesday, Thursday and Saturday, at 5, P. M. MILLIKIN'S BEND, once a week. Arrives on .Monday at 12, M. and leaves same day at l. /'• M. Office hours from 8, A. M. to sundown—Sun days from 8 to 10, A. M. Win. DOWSE, r M. I A. (tILKEY, Cheap Cash Grocer and Pro duce Merchant, No. 7, Stamps' Row, PORT GIBSON, MI. T HE subscriber has opened a new and fresh stock of Groceries and Produce, suitable for family and plantation use, and will keep const mtly on hand, a good as «ortment of articles in his line, which he will sell at a very small profit for cash,\\z: Arown, Loaf and Crushed Sugar; Coffee; Tea; Molasses; Sperm and Star Candles; Boston Soap; Lard Oil; Mackerel; Coarse «nd Fine Salt; Pickles; Ketchup; Ground Pepper, Spice and Cinnamon; Mustard; 'Sardines; Almonds; Figs; Raisins; Boston Crackers; Soda Biscuit; Tobacco Rice; Powder; Shot; Macaroni; Nutmegs; Cho colate; Salaratus; Nails; Matts; Brooms; Crockery Ware; Flour; Lard; Bulk Meat; Dried Beef; Pota toes; Applss; Cheese; Stone Jars, Churns, Milk Pans and Jugs, &c. Ac. His friends and the public are invited to call if they wish to buy their supplies cheap for cash. March 4. 27-ly Fresh Flour». EW ORLEANS and St. Louis brands just received by N A. GILKEY, Dried Beef. A good article received, and for sale b^ May 26 A. GILKET^ S Fish, Fish ALMON, Herrings and Mackeral i Kits, tor sale by A. GILKEY. in Fresh Raisins. article received and for sale A. GILKEY. A Loaf and <Lrii»licd Sugars. superior article of above Sugar for sale low by A. GILKEY. A FRESH A by R Coffee, 10 Havana Coffee, for sale low by May 26 A. GILKEY. J Smoked Tongues. * S T received and for sale low by May 26 A. GILKEY. rtnnn Candles. v PERM, Star Candles, for sale low by *i_May 26 A. GILKEY. Thos. B. l AGRCDER, ( INKERS his Professional services to the Y citizens of Port Gibson, and to those of the adjacent country. His residence at the Bank of Port Gibson. Jan 21 1848. 21-ly SPRING GOODS. N. ROSENBERG, No. 5 STAMPS ROW, one door above Moody's Drug Store , R ESPEC1 HJLL1 informs the public that he has just returned from New Orleans w-itli a very handsome assortment of Goods suitabltt|gh) the season, among which are Bry Goods. Comprising a tine assortment of Bareges, Painted Muslins; Sheetings and Shirtings; Calicoes, Ginghams, black and fancy Silks; Irish Linens and Law-ns, Linen Cam bric, Silk and Cotton Ildkfs., Swiss, Book, and Cambric Muslins, Blanket, Silk, and Thibet Shaw-ls, etc , etc. Clothing. Cashmere and Merino dress and frock coats; black and fancy Cashmere, Merino and Linen Pants; Satin and Fancy Cash mere Vests, Shirts, Drawers, Suspenders, Gloves, etc. llats and Caps* Fine Silk and Beaver Hats, Oil'd Silk and Glazed Caps, for men and boys. Ëioots and &hoes. Men's Calf Boots, Calf Brogans for men und hoys, coarse, black and Russet Brogans, Ladies Morocco and Seal Shoes and Gait ers, Childrens and Misses Shoes and Gait —also— An assortment of Crockery and Glass Ware, Knives and Forks, Scissors, Razors, Penknives, Candlesticks, Looking Glasses, Tobacco, Cigars, etc., etc. Those who desire to purchase articles in his line are requested to call before pur chasing elsewhere, as his stock has been carefully selected, and will be sold at very small advances on cost for Cash. April 28, 1948. ers. 35-tf NEW GOODS!! CALL AND SEE. rnilE subscribers have just received a .L splendid assortment of Fashionable and Seasonable Goods, consisting in part of the following articles, viz: White and colored Linen Drilling*, Cottonades, Hickory Checks, Blue Plaids & Stripes for womens dresses. Brown Linens, Irish Linens, Assorted Calico Prints, Colored Jaconet Muslins, White Cross.barred Muslins, Swiss Muslins, Linen and Cotton Diapers, do do do Sheeting. Table Linens, Linen Lustre, Brown and bleached Domestics, Lowels, 4-4 5 4 and 6-4 Matting, Mahogany Oil Cloth, Grass Skirting,, Silk, Thread and Kid Gloves, Hosiery, assorted, &c. French Marino Dress Coats, do Frock do. English and German Dress Coats, do do do Frock do. do. do. do Grass Linen Sack Coats, Brown do do do. Linen Check Dress and Frock Coats, Cottonade do do do do. Colored Alpaca Sack Coats, French Marino pants, White and colored Linen Drilling Pants, Nankeen Pants, Cottonade Pants, Linen check Pants, White and colored Marseilles Vests, Black Satin Vests, Linen and cotton Drawers, Linen bosom Shirts. Hats.—Panama, Leghorn, Campeachy and Straw Hats. Beaver and Silk Hats, and also a good assortment of HARDWARE AND CROCKERY, to which we invite the attention of our friends and customers. BROUGHTON & WRIGHT. 34-tf. April 21, I84g. B aggillg & Rope, just received by the undersigned and for sale. 50 pieces Bagging, 50 coils Rope, 5 bales Twine. Broughton & Wright. September 1,1848. New and Fashionable SPRING GOODS. E would call the attention of our friends and customers to our importations of new and fashionable Spring Goods, which we are now opening, received per ships Ashland and Thetis, direct from New York. These goods have been selected w-ith taste, are many of them of new styles and pat terns, comprising a general assortment of Summer Silks; Bareges; Fig'd French Ja conets; French Ginghams and Gingham Lawns; Organdys; Foulard Silks; Brazilli ans, &c. Handsome Embroidered worked Collars; Chimesettes; Reveire Bordered Linen Cambric Handkerchiefs; Ladies' H. S. Gloves, assorted; Long White Kid do.; Herman and Bcrege Shawls; Berege and Satin Scarfs; Cravats & Neck Tics; Swiss, Cambric, Jaconet and Nansook Muslins, and a very handsome assortment of new style Spring Ribbons. We have a new stock of Gentlemen's Clothing, made up in fashionable style and of good material, all of which we are prepared to sell on mode rate terms. J S MASON &• Co. March 17, 1848. Y tf JLiusey & Jeans. BALES Linscys, 6® Jeans, 44 J S Mason & Co. 47-6t for sale by July 21, 1848. Rope and Twine, nagging, JJ 100 pieces Bagging, 1 Bale Twine, for sale by July 28,1848. J S Mason, <k Co. 48-6t Blue-Lick Water. BARRELS just received and for sale J. S Mason & Co. 47—4ts. 10 by July 21___ C UTLERY—A lot offline Pocket Knives and Razors, just received and for sale by |ï P Meiettbld. Nov. 26 Robert Potts. John G. Hastings. POTTS 4* ir.1STM.YGS. GROCERS. Court House Square, Port Gibson, Miss. POTTS 4- HASTINGS H AVE opened at their store, an entire new- stock of Groceries and Produce, consisting in part of Brow-n Sugar, Crushed, Loaf, Pulverised Havana Coffee, Java, Molasses, S. II. " it 44 « New Bedford Candles, Rice, Adamantine, Soap, Boston No. 1 Soap in small Boxes for family use, Coarse and Fine Sait, Tabic, " Cheese, Candies and Fruit, Cigars, Mackerel, Tobacco. 44 Lard Oil, Wine Vinegar, Green & Bl'k Tea Pickles, Ketsups, Syrups, Sweet Oil, Mustard, Spices of all kinds, Raisins, Almonds, Filberts, Old Rye Whiskey, Rectified " Hams, Lard, Flour, <fcc. Together with a good assortment of Cas tings, Nails, Brushes, Wooden and Crock ery Ware, and variety of other articles. Lemons, Pepper, Sardines, Powder, Shot, Lead, Claret, Porter, Just Received. S HAY'S Superior Family Hams, Sugar Cured " " Clear Sides, Dried Beef, St. Louis and Ohio Flour and Lard, Potts & Hastings. 41—3t June 9, 1848. Tor Families. S ODA Biscuit, Boston Crackers, Pilot Bread, English Dairy Cheese, Western, Call at • 4 Potts & Hastings. Just lieceived. ANDERS' 'Harry of the West' Tobacco, Myers' "Phoenix" " Price's, Rogers' and other Brands, Large assortment of Cigars, Also, Shot Pouches, Powder Flasks, Game Bags, and Walker's Percussion Caps. Potts & Hastings. S J I to in . , . .to HL understgned are .SbTws old stand, formeily occupied by James k G. Martin, corner ot otamps now, ma n St., a large assoitment of DRY GOODS; ^ . ' Clothing; Hats; Boots; Shoes; &c., fee. Which they offer to the citizens ot Port »»it n 0 i 4 ,liWt.n^ »1 vprv low Gibson and the neighborhood, at « qr J.W prices. Please call and examine betöre purchasing elsewhere. Ouv terms are tt CASH. LEW & MORRIS. September 29, 1848. 5-3m ___ GEORGE T. MOODY, n / T. fiWT i %/MUOrney at rr , PORT GIBSON, Miss. the Court-House.) HJ.Iy I To Families. H AVANA Sugar especially for preserves, A superior article of Imperial Tea, Mackerel in Kits, Soap in small Boxes. Potts & Hastings. FOR S. /LF. T HE family residence, at present occu pied by J. T. Marye, Esq., is now of fered for sale This is the most desirable situation for a family, in the Town of Port Gibson, embracing the whole of square No. 7, all enclosed, being the third square immediately West of the Female Academy. The main building is a large TWO STORY ■ ■ > «i Mjl| well finished in every respect; having a cir cular stair-way leading to the sky-light from the centre, with galleries running the entire length, and a twelve foot passage through the middle, east and west. Also a two story brick kitchen, with ser vant's rooms, attached to the south end, and galleries entire, affording ample room for lodging, washing, ironing and all culina ry affairs, vvitlxi good WELL OF WATER at the door. This property has been repaired the »resent year, and put in good order, and well painted. The out buildings are all that could be desired, furnishing every requisite for convenience and com fort. It has also a good garden and orchard attached, and the main yard handsomely decorated with select shrubbery. Any person wanting such a property will do well to examine it, as it will be sold low for cash. Possession given the 1st of January, 1849. Any information required, will be given by Mr. Wm. O'Kelly, of " - JAS. COTTEW Port Gibson. September 29, 1848. 5-12t TRUST SALE. „ j CCQRDLNG to the provisions ofa Deed ot Trust executed by Charles T. Miles, the 30th of October, 1840,1 will sell at Public Sale for cash, at the Court House in Fayette, Jefferson county, on the Twenty-third day of Ularch, 1849. between the hours of 11 o'clock, A. M and 2, P. M., the following named slaves to wit: Asa, Dolly, Ella, Martha, Angeline, Mat, Jim, Poindexter, Reuben and Rowan, or of said slaves as will he sufficient A on so many for the payment of the debt in said Deed mentioned due to Charles Clark, at whose request the said sale will be made. GEO.. TORRE Y, Surviving Trustee. 3-Gmo. September 15, 1848. # Port Gibson Herald copy for six months and send account (with proven ad vertisement) to this office for settlement. Southern Watch Tower. * * CHEAP STORE. T (Office opposite and near Nov. 26, 1847 ..î?£&* f Â"£2ftZ Sfttsrü H8 to myself, on tlie routii, from Linciomti to Hamilton, is the residence of the poet-sisters. Alice and Phebe Carey, on the quiet plain, a mile or more north ol Pleasant Hill. Here live these gifted two, on there paternal home stead—having their fine farm worked chiefly on shares and giving themselves ,p to Literature, wnhaluxunous ease, such » » very rare jet m the West, among those who work with the Den. The Gazette published, not very long ago, a stri king poem from the pen of Ph«be. Here new is one from that of Alice, the delicious music of which was couising tbi ^'-my*brain as we rode past their rural home. It appeared origi nally, I believe, in the New \ ork Evening Post —and was worthy of being ushered into the li terarv world Under the auspices of the first Ame rican bard. KS — Y. The Siste PICTURES OF MEMORY. Among the beautiful pictures That hang on Memory's wall, Is one of a dim old forest, That seemed the best of all, Not for its gnarled oaks olden, Dark with the mistletoe; Not for the violets golden That sprinkle the vale below; Not for the milk-white fillies, That lean from the fragrant hedge, Coquetting all day with the sunbeams, And stealing their golden edge; Not for the vines on the upland, Where the blight red berries rest, Nor the pinks, nor the pale sweet cowslip, It seemeth to me the best. I once had a little brother With eyes that were dark and deep— In the lap of that old dim forest, fie lieth in peace asleep; I jght as the down oflhe thistle, Free as the winds that blow, We roved there, the beautiful summers, The summers of' long ago;" But his feet on the hills grew weary, And, one of the Autumn eves, I made for my little brother, A bed of the yeilow leaves. Sweetly his pale arms folded My neck in a sweet embrace, As the light of immortal beauty Silently covered his face, And when the arrows of sunset Lodged in the tree tops bright, He fell, in his saint like beauty, Asleep by the Gates of Light— Therefore, of all the pictures, That hang on Memory's wall, That one of the dim old forest Seemeth the best of all, Monterey (California), Feb 27tÜ, 1848. Hast wrote you from Santa Barbara, just after a shipwreck. Monterey I reached by land-travel a few days since, and here will continue my journal, as I am on the eve of departure for lower California and Mazatlan, and it is more than probable that my time will be too much occupied at those places to write to anybody—at least, I hope so On the 18th of October our party left the Rio Virgen—upon the shores of which we had been traveling for several days— and, after ascending an abrupt acclivity, crossed a broad ridge of sterile table-land to a branch of the above stream, called by the New-Mexicans Rio de los Angeles (River of the Angels), and by the Ameri eans The Muddy. This latter name is gi ven it, not from the appearance of its waters at all—these being as pure as crystal—but from the peculiarity of its bed and banks, which are miry- in the extreme. We had scarcely come in sight of the river when the yells and shouts of the Indians were heard; and looking to our left, we perceived several sandy knolls dark with Pah-Utahs or Root-Diggers, They beckoned to us to come on, crying out they were friends, Their language being a dialect of the Utah, Carson understood much that they said, Kit warned them off, telling them they were bad—the whites were angry with them, because they stole animals and treacherously murdered the whites. One old fellow,—in corpulence and rotundity equal to Jack Easy's friend, Mr. Oxbelly being more venturesome than the rest, and, perhaps, ambitious or desirous of sig, nalizing himself, approached to within a tew yards of us. Here taking a bunch of arrows into one hand, while he held his bow ready in the other, and twitching his quiver around a little forward of the shoul der, he boldly insisted upon our stopping to trade. On him Carson wasted no words, but raised his rifle, when this awk ward nude lump of human flesh waddled off, somewhat after the fashion of a fast running penguin. Some of the Indians followed us a short distance, and then re turned to the hills or their village, which was near by. That evening we encamped in the valley of the Muddy, where we ma, to a > n mi nf mfi-mntp LiroVin<= tn spenrp made a corral of me.quUe bushes to secure . our animals at night. V\ e had not y et completed this work, when about twenty Indians appeared on the opposite side of the river, and, from a rocky bluff, one of them commenced haranguing us. He said that they were friends—they wanted trade, not to fight, and that we must re wheDCe WC , Came ' J. f a tribute f som ® ! k in d was not pa ,d them for passing through their country. Carson's reply to this was, that he knew them well,-—that the whites did not like the Pah-Utah , for he would hill and rob. "The Diggers are bad to the whites," he continued, "they say they àre J s „■ f„ends, get into camp, and then murder, ! adding aside, to use a thespian expression, j tt obj you d—n rascals! I know you; you > need'nt stand thar a preachin' to me,—it won't do vou no kind o'good." The In-! dinns nnsitivelv denied the ahove assevera- - tions P when Kit said_"The Pah-Utah ' i- ,', c , , ,• , lies." Several bows were immediately • strung, hut only one arrow was discharged, and the daring savage who perpetrated this rash deed returned to his lodge and MISCELLANEOUS. From the New York Courier and Enquirer. Caiifornia. his squaw suffering perhaps dying, from the wound inflicted by the round arrow of the white-man's fire bow. We saw no more Root-Diggers that day. In the eve ning we burnt a ring about eight feet wide around our camp and corral, thus effectually preventing the Indians from driving us away through the means of fire, which, by igniting the dry grass, but for the precau tion we had taken could easily have been I We remained at onreamp on theRiode 1 , . , ., , * * /• ,1 . j * os Angeles until the aftertlootl of the 19th f making preparations for crossing a jornada* of sixty or seventy miles. In the course of the morning an Indian, belonging, most probably, to a different village from that near USj was discovered to conceal himself . some w bushea not far from the river , , . r ballks ' We ™ ade s ßV s for c « me in f° camp, which, after much hesitation, he did, when we gave him some tobacco and old clothes, besides a broken-down mule, and sent him to tell his people that no more 0 f them must come about us. He . ,1 • ,• ,. , , ,- . went off highly delighted, and for his te menty, and success m procuring so much from the whites, was, unquestionably, made a great warrior, if not a chief. The Pah-Utah or Root-Digger is as un like our prairie or border Indiau in appear ance, as he is in manners and customs. He does not possess the same dignified bearing, the same noble carriage; nor that expression of countenance which seems to We hunt and fight only, the white say, men work for us," hut rather a servile, cringing look; his cast of features assimila ting more to the African than the Asiatic. Instead of acquiline, his nose is broad and flat; his lips are thick, and his forehead re cedes excessively, leaving much that is animal, hut nothing intellectual, developed. This is the case, too, with almost all the California Indians, and it is somewhat re markable that, if these beings called abori gines did find their way to this continent from the East, the nearer they are met with, now, to that quarter of the globe, the less do they resemble the inhabitants there. The Diggers do not ride: never using horse, mule or donkey, except for food. Of these they obtain hut a scanty supply, being dependent for them upon raising stampedes, killing animals belonging to the cavalcades, or finding them, broken-down, on the road. The costume of this tribe is very simple and primitive, consisting either of nothing at all, or else if not a ragged cloth of some kind, a strip of matted grass round the breech. At 3 in the afternoon, and after having caught some fish and shot ducks and brant, we left Muddy river, and, entering the jornada, travelled until the moon set, tvdien we tied our wearied and hungry beasts to wild-sage bushes, which in default of better nourishment—they ravenously devoured, and lay ourselves down for one or two hours sleep. At daylight our party was underway a S ain ' and at about 10 A - r * a * bedthe cam P«»g ground at the end of this long journey, called simply las \egas; getting th . r ? u g h ' contrary to our expectations, w ' ltbout tbe . loss of an animal, after our arrival here, a very high wind fr( \ mthe Nwthward commenced blowing a " d mc [ eased to the violenceof a tornado; f lX] S the atmosphere with the sand of the desert, and thus rendering our camp, which promised to be so refreshing and agreeable, uncomfortable beyond expression, It has frequently been observed by tra vellers that, while in desert regions,familiar sounds will come upon the ear, startling one almost into the belief that he is not de reived, that they are actually heard. Al though I had before been surprisingly im pressed with this mental phenomenon, du r*« 1 » calms at sea, as well as upon the y or nada, between the Arkansas and Cimmar ron > on tbe Great Prairie, still I never was so forcibly struck with it as when crossing tb ose parched and burnt tracts. While riding slowly along upon my little long ; cared jaded beast, I would sometimes dis j tinctly hear St. Paul's clock striking the | hour, the City Hall bell ringing for fire, i various ferry and steamboat bells, and the distant roar of carts, as^heard at Wehaw ken with the wind at Northeast. j October 21 st .—Made a journey of eigh teen miles, to the bed of a creek, where we found water in pools, and a little good bunch grass. Like a Norther in the Guif of Mex ico, after having blown twenty-four hours, At night ice made. j Next morning, it was determined that Mr. Carson should select the best mules, an(b taking with him half the forces, pro cee j j n advance with the despatches; leav jng the rest of the party, under my charge, to remain where they were then encamped f or twenty-four hours, that the animals might become somewhat refreshed; after which, we would follow on at an easy rate 0 f travelling. Thus did I find myself in the wilderness without one associable com panion. True, I was surrounded by stout hearts and strong arms, but my own thoughts were all with which I could com mime. For, as may not be known to some 0 f the readers of your journal—and mine, strict discipline is as requisite in the moun . - . 1 • • „ . tains as at sea. Our provisions were now getting very low, presenting to us a stron ger prospect than ever of soon being obliged to tryour teeth at the mastication of a mule, Symptoms of the scurvy, too, were,quite ap parent, and I really think that we were only saved from this dreadful disease by the free use of wild-grape, which grew ! plentifully on the trail. - * Not Hornada as spelt by some recent prairie and mountain travellers; that would be a batch of bread. Jornada means literally a day's journey, bit the New Mexicans now most generally ap p'y the term to any portion of a road or trail where there existe an uncommonly great distance ! talwM11 tw0 pi , re s at which witer m.y be ob j ta l ae d, even should the journey occupy a week, > From this it has been corrupted by the Chihua hua and Santa Fe traders and other Americans, to signify any long sterile tract, or desert A - 8 tory is told (I cannot vouch for its troth, how ' ever ') of one of . lhe8e ß en ' len,en ' who thought lie spoke Castilian—the purest, l have no doubt • J hill landlady dinner one day, at Santa Fe, if tbero was any jornada. His pro nunciation of the English word dessert being, perhaps, more common than proper. Soon f finish this narrative in J. K. D. I shall probabl two more letters. Monterey, (California,) Feb. 28, 1848. In my last communication to you, 1 brought our travels down to the separation of Carson and myself, and the division of the party. We were then about three miles from the Pueblo de los Angeles, and on looking a short distance into futurity, the principal features of the mental prospect that presented itself to the view of our im aginations, were walking, and blistered feet, picking mull-bones, deserts without end, mountains without bases, and others with their summits so lofty, that reaching them would appear impracticable, if not impossible. But, thank God! matters did not turn out quite so badly as we expected. With Fremont's Report of his expedition of '43 and '44 for my Sailing Directions, a portion of his map for a chart, and Kit's tracks for a compass, I sallied forth, on the morning of the 23d of October, at the head of a force of eleven as unhappy looking humans as you probably ever saw, and about thirty bundles of bones done up in hides. Our journey was a short one—but twelve miles—and over a rough read;—so much so, in fact, that it was with difficulty we could follow the tracks of Carson's mules, made only the day previously. The trail lay through a mountain pass, and near to a spring in this, we encamped. Nut pines, cedars, and dwarf-oaks, I observed upon the mountains which environed 1 us, but we saw no more wooded eminences until our arrival, many days subsequently, in sight of the California Mountains. At this camp I was so unfortunate as to lose my only companion —a stumpy little pipe. Oct. 2Alh .—We travelled sixteen or eighteen miles over a parched country, with nothing to relieve the eye, save va rieties of cacti, and one or two other plants characteristic of the desert. Reaching the bed of a stream, we found water in holes only; but the grass, though scarce, was of the kind which possesses much nutriment. A few scattered cotton-woods grew in the neighborhood, and, altogether, this was a tolerable camp. Oct. 2öth . —Our party was underway early in the morning of this day, expecting to travel twenty-four miles; but losing Car son's tracks in the high salt grass growing in the bed of a dry lake, we took another trail apparently about a month old. This led us across several creek channels, con taining little or no water. At short inter vals in these rocky and stupendous natu ral trenches, were precipices, some of them of immense height, over which, when the streams are full, grand and magnificent cataracts must flow. At length the tracks we were following, tnrnirig suddenly to the left, crossed a broad plain towards a range of barren hills; then, striking the Mexican trail, brought us upon that Kit and his par ty again.—We had thus travelled on the two sides, instead of the hypotheneuse of a right-angled triangle. Hence, the path frequently led us past sierras of black cavernous rock, which had, evidently, un dergone the action of fire. These, the old mountaineers say, were all burning until the deluge, when they were suddenly ex tinguished. If you would like a miniature representation of the prominent features in this part of our continent, just scatter about, on a hearth of grayish marble, a few pieces of the coke of bituminous coal. After a journey of at least thirty-five miles, we camped at a green spot in the middle of a sandy basin, called by the New-Mexicans Acchilette. There is a spring at this place to which Fremont has given the name of Agita de Hernandez, in commemoration of the murder here, by the Pah-Utahs, of a man and wife bearing that name. Two unfortunate mules gave out in the morning, and were left upon the road. Upon this site of a severe struggle for life we found a human scull next morning, which, from its low and receding forehead, I took to he that of a Root-Digger.f Our day's journey was eight or ten miles over high sterile plains and ridges, and down the bed of a dry creek to a verdant ravine, where we found good water in springs, but poor grass. Myriads of uncommonly large horse flies here added, materially, to the already miserable condition of our animals. At night we had a slight stampede, occasioned, undoubtedly by a prowling savage. Oct. 27th .—We had been underway hut a few minutes, when our road came upon the head of a stream, called by the Mexicans Amargosa (the Bitter). This makes a sud den egress from the foot of a high butte, and may with safety be called the outlet to a subterranean creek. It is as hitter as the waters of Marah. We followed the briny rivulet down, until it lost itself in the sand of its own bed, leaving an incrustation of salt, to show where it sometimes did flow. And thence crossing a rough country, composed of sand and broken rock, found ourselves amidst innumerable bones of beasts of burden, tvhich was an announce ment to us that we had entered the last extensive jornada. At the distance of about , _ , T + Th ? following extract hom "Fremont. Jour nal," relating to the mnrder here mentioned, as we „ as the £ count of the fale of lwo womeil) t8 afterwards aecrrtained from other travellers, will give the reader some idea of the cruelties prac tised by these inhuman bipeds of the desert:— "The dead silence ot the place was ominous; and > g*fl°P« n & rapidly up; we found only the corps€8 ° f . tlie two men—everything else was wklTarrow^ ^TrnandezTad' evidently fought and wkh desperation. He lay in advance of the wj ;| ow half-faced tent which sheltered his family, as if he had come out to meet danger-and to re pulse it from that asylum. One of his hands, and both his legs, had been cut off. Giacome, who was a large and strong looking man, was lying in one of the willow shelters, pierced with arrows. Of the women no trace coud be found, and it w„ etident they had been carried off captive." But the most horrible part of this story remains tobe toid. It ia said, that when the women were found, some weeks subsequently, by a party of New Mexicans returning from California, their bodies bore evidences of having been grailly violated, their legs had been severed at the thighs, and carriedoff, and the infamous savage butchers had nailed the two mutilated trunks to the ground with sharpened sticks, and in the most obscene manner it is possible to-conceive of. , twelve miles from our last camp, we stopt for a short repose at a salty spring in the deep gorge of a mountain, and then contin ued to travel until midnight, when we laid by, as our binnacle-light (the moon) became obscured, rendering our compass indis cernible. ylight on the morning of the 28th, we were off again; and our rotlte led titf through the most desolate regions we had yet beheld. It were impossible to picture to the imagination anything more forbid ding or more barren of all appearance of vegetable life, than the face of the country presented here. And of the creatures of this world, lizards were all we saw. At about noon, the party reached the end of the jornada, parched with thirst and gnaw ing with hunger. There we found mise rable salt-grass, and blackish water rising from a filthy pool, and steeping the black mud around it. This spring had, at some time,received the name of Aguade Tomaso, but it struck me that it might have been more appropriately called Lodo dc Tomaso .t However, fires were soon kindled, and cof fee, bread fried, and bacon, which had un dergone the same culinary preparation, were soon devoured, sans ceremonie. W © entered the "long stretch" with twenty eight animals, and got through with nine teen. At the camp we found a broken down mule, left by Carson's party. Oct. 29.A.—So miserable was our camp ing place that l determined to be on the march again before day. Consequently, by sun-rise we had reached a distance of eight miles, when, in a basin, bearing evi dence of being occasionally watered, we found tolerably nutritious grass growing. Here we halted to refresh ourselves with the remains of our former evening's repast —a little stale fried bread. Leaving at this place three mules, including the one found at the last camp, we continued our journey over a road of sand and large gravel, and, in a travel of twenty-two or twenty-three miles, arrived at the Rio de las Animas, the Mohave River of Fremont, where our trail struck it, had the appear ance of a well-drained marsh about a mile wide. It was plentifully timbered with the cotton-wood, willow and a species of acacia, and good grass was abundant. Shortly after our camp-fires were lighted, a very strong North-West wind set in. The opportunity now afforded us for al lowing our jades a comfortable tranquility of at least a day, was too good to be lost. The poor beasts were all in a tired state— nearly worn down—and had not the whole party dismounted and walked a greater part of the way on the last day's march, it is more than probable that we would have had much further to walk subsequently. On the morning of the 30th, therefore, no preparations wëre made for a journey; but at daylight one of the men in Government employment, and a Mexican accompanying the French trader with us, were furnished with provisions for three days, and de spatched on foot to obtain supplies at the first rancho they might reach, and return with them to us. This expedition was un successful, and for what reason will be seen hereafter. At an old camp here, were evidences of mule-meat having been resorted to, to sus tain life. This we thought somewhat sin gular, as the bottom of the river was lined with tracks of deer; a joyous sight to us after having travelled so long through a country only showing the paths of rabbits, lizÄrds and lizard-eaters. So soon after breakfast, as the high wind, which com menced blowing the previous evening, had in a measure subsided, two men accustomed to the hunt at home, in Missouri, weht out with their rifles, and, in the course of half an hour returned with a fine black-tailed buck, an animal of a much larger growth than the common deer. The melancholy expression which had, for days set upon each face, suddenly dis appeared, and every countenance beamed with cheerfulness at this stroke of fortune. The buck was quickly butchered, and, in a little while, savory fumes arose from ket tles and frying-pans, so long accustomed to the saline deposites of bacon. In the after noon a yearling fawn was shot, and we now had a sufficiency of unsalted flesh for tour or five days, and this was an article of food we had not tasted since eating grizzly-bear, more than forty days previously, found the weather upon the river cold to freezing. With my next letter, my journey to Cal ifornia will end, J. K. D. At da This, p niluo t ~ fru t • #i , i^hains of LiOVE. Ine cn&in oi Jove is made of fading flowers, but that of wedlock of gold—-lasting as well as beautiful. - ---;--, Blessed are they that are ignorant; fof they are happy in thinking they know everything. We t Mud or mire. A person who resides in this city, went a fishing the other day, atid, among many other things that he had hauled in, was a large sized turtle. To enjoy the surprise of his servant girl, he placed it in her bed room.—The next morning the first thing that bounced into the breakfast room was Biddy, with the exclamation of "Be Jabers, I have got the, "What dev! house feign iag surprise. "The bull bed-hUg that has been atein' the children for the last month. divil! l!" inquired the head of the 11 If True Politeness. —Never ridicule, or point the finger of scorn at a person because he is less wealthy than yourself. Many a great man and brilliant genius have been the victims of poverty, while accident has raised simpletons and even idiots to sta tions of affluence and power The true principle is to treat every person with proper respect, no matter whether he be rich or poor. In the hurry of a daily business, little mistakes will unavoidably happen now and then. Nothing is perfect except one's baby. A man down East says that he has worn out four pair boots, within the last two months, tiying to collect'the money to pay for them.