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The Port Gibson herald, and correspondent. (Port Gibson, Claiborne Co., Miss.) 1848-18??, November 10, 1848, Image 1

Image and text provided by Mississippi Department of Archives and History

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87090283/1848-11-10/ed-1/seq-1/

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NO. It.
JV'. H. JACOBS, Editor and Proprietor.)
$S3 00
2 00
Paviblein advance, for one year,
»• " " six months,
.i within six months, for one year 4 00
*• at the end of the year
\'o subscription will be taken ior a shoiter
• ,j than six months; and no paper will he
^continued until all arrearages are paid, except
, t | lC , option of the publisher. A failure to
no ity a wish to discontinue will be considered a
mnv vjeNTS.
Will be charged at the following rates: One
dollar per square for the first, and Fifty cents
for each subsequent insertion. Twelve lines, or
less in Long Primer, or nine in Brevier, consti
tute one square, over twelve and under twenty
tour, two squares, and every subsequent twelve
fraction oi the same, an additional square.
Political Circulars or electioneering Cards
will be charged one dollar per square, payable
in advance, ° Merchants advertising by the year,
gg per agreement.
Fees for Announcing Candidates.
}\,r District and State Offices,
** County Offices,
•4 Members of Board of Police,
" Magistrates and Constables,
with a sufficient quantity of tickets.
Extra tickets, per 100
The fee for announcing a candidate must be
paid for. when the name is handed in.
Professional Advertisements.
For twelve lines or less, three months, $5 00
9 00
15 00
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$15 00
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« 14 44 4« (4 tw( ] v g
Advertisements sent in without being marked
with the number of insertions, w ill be published
until forbid, (except legal advertisements, for
which the law prescribes the time,) and charged
according to the foregoing rates.
Any alteration made in an advertisement after
the first insertion, will subject it to an extra
The hill for each advertisement is due at the
maturity or discontinuance of the same.
All letters or communications.to insure atten
tention, must be post paid.
Agency. —George i ratt, Esq., office of the
(New York) .Morning Telegraph, is onrautho
red agent, to receive advertisements and sub
««ription*, and receipt for the same.
Ilf 11- S. Fulkerson, Esq., is our authorised
Agent, to receive subscriptions and advertise
ments and receive payment for the same, at
Grand Gulf.
.Hail Arrangements
OF the
The Northern mail arrives every Monday
Wednesday and Friday, at 10 o'clock, A. M.
«ml departs saifle days at 1 o'clock P. M.
Southern mail, every Monday, Wednesday
and Friday, at 12 o'clock, M., and departs same
i days at I2| o'clock, M.
(illInin Mail arrives every Tuesday evening
and departs every Wednesday morning.
The Northern mail closes at 12 o'clock M.
and the Southern at half past 11 A. M.
j Office open from sun rise to snn set (Sunday
cicepted.) J. C. MELCHIOR, P. M.
Grand Gulf, Oct. I, I8I8.
NORTHERN MAIL, via Raymond, leaves
Tue*rfay, Thursday, and Saturday, at 4 A. M.
Arrives same days at 8. P. M.
SOUTHERN MAIL, via Fayette, leaves
Monday, Wednesday and Friday, at 6, A. M.
Arrives same days at 6, P. M.
NORTHERN MAIL, via Louisville, per
river, arrives twice a week, irregular, and is
made up on Wednesday and Saturday, at 5.
P. M.
SOUTHERN MAIL, via New Orleans, per
river, arrives four times a week, irregular; i«
matie up on Monday-, Wednesday, Thursday
and Saturday, at 5, P. M.
MILLIKIN'S BEND, once a week. Arrives
on .Monday at 12, M. and leaves same day at
l. /'• M.
Office hours from 8, A. M. to sundown—Sun
days from 8 to 10, A. M.
Win. DOWSE, r M.
Cheap Cash Grocer and Pro
duce Merchant,
No. 7, Stamps' Row,
T HE subscriber has opened a new and
fresh stock of Groceries and Produce,
suitable for family and plantation use, and
will keep const mtly on hand, a good as
«ortment of articles in his line, which he
will sell at a very small profit for cash,\\z:
Arown, Loaf and Crushed Sugar; Coffee;
Tea; Molasses; Sperm and Star Candles;
Boston Soap; Lard Oil; Mackerel; Coarse
«nd Fine Salt; Pickles; Ketchup; Ground
Pepper, Spice and Cinnamon; Mustard;
'Sardines; Almonds; Figs; Raisins; Boston
Crackers; Soda Biscuit; Tobacco Rice;
Powder; Shot; Macaroni; Nutmegs; Cho
colate; Salaratus; Nails; Matts; Brooms;
Crockery Ware;
Flour; Lard; Bulk Meat; Dried Beef; Pota
toes; Applss; Cheese; Stone Jars, Churns,
Milk Pans and Jugs, &c. Ac.
His friends and the public are invited to
call if they wish to buy their supplies cheap
for cash. March 4.
Fresh Flour».
EW ORLEANS and St. Louis brands
just received by
Dried Beef.
A good article received, and for sale b^
May 26 A. GILKET^
S Fish, Fish
ALMON, Herrings and Mackeral i
Kits, tor sale by A. GILKEY.
Fresh Raisins.
article received and for sale
A Loaf and <Lrii»licd Sugars.
superior article of above Sugar for sale
low by A. GILKEY.
A by
R Coffee,
10 Havana Coffee, for sale low by
May 26 A. GILKEY.
J Smoked Tongues.
* S T received and for sale low by
May 26 A. GILKEY.
rtnnn Candles.
v PERM, Star Candles, for sale low by
*i_May 26 A. GILKEY.
Thos. B. l AGRCDER,
( INKERS his Professional services to the
Y citizens of Port Gibson, and to those of
the adjacent country. His residence at the
Bank of Port Gibson.
Jan 21 1848.
No. 5 STAMPS ROW, one door above
Moody's Drug Store ,
R ESPEC1 HJLL1 informs the public
that he has just returned from New
Orleans w-itli a very handsome assortment
of Goods suitabltt|gh) the season, among
which are
Bry Goods.
Comprising a tine assortment of Bareges,
Painted Muslins; Sheetings and Shirtings;
Calicoes, Ginghams, black and fancy Silks;
Irish Linens and Law-ns, Linen Cam
bric, Silk and Cotton Ildkfs., Swiss, Book,
and Cambric Muslins, Blanket, Silk, and
Thibet Shaw-ls, etc , etc.
Cashmere and Merino dress and frock
coats; black and fancy Cashmere, Merino
and Linen Pants; Satin and Fancy Cash
mere Vests, Shirts, Drawers, Suspenders,
Gloves, etc.
llats and Caps*
Fine Silk and Beaver Hats, Oil'd Silk
and Glazed Caps, for men and boys.
Ëioots and &hoes.
Men's Calf Boots, Calf Brogans for men
und hoys, coarse, black and Russet Brogans,
Ladies Morocco and Seal Shoes and Gait
ers, Childrens and Misses Shoes and Gait
An assortment of Crockery and Glass
Ware, Knives and Forks, Scissors, Razors,
Penknives, Candlesticks, Looking Glasses,
Tobacco, Cigars, etc., etc.
Those who desire to purchase articles in
his line are requested to call before pur
chasing elsewhere, as his stock has been
carefully selected, and will be sold at very
small advances on cost for Cash.
April 28, 1948.
rnilE subscribers have just received a
.L splendid assortment of Fashionable and
Seasonable Goods, consisting in part of the
following articles, viz:
White and colored Linen Drilling*,
Cottonades, Hickory Checks,
Blue Plaids & Stripes for womens dresses.
Brown Linens, Irish Linens,
Assorted Calico Prints,
Colored Jaconet Muslins,
Cross.barred Muslins,
Swiss Muslins,
Linen and Cotton Diapers,
do do do Sheeting.
Table Linens, Linen Lustre,
Brown and bleached Domestics, Lowels,
4-4 5 4 and 6-4 Matting,
Mahogany Oil Cloth,
Grass Skirting,,
Silk, Thread and Kid Gloves,
Hosiery, assorted, &c.
French Marino Dress Coats,
do Frock do.
English and German Dress Coats,
do do do Frock do.
Grass Linen Sack Coats,
Brown do do do.
Linen Check Dress and Frock Coats,
Cottonade do do do do.
Colored Alpaca Sack Coats,
French Marino pants,
White and colored Linen Drilling Pants,
Nankeen Pants, Cottonade Pants,
Linen check Pants,
White and colored Marseilles Vests,
Black Satin Vests,
Linen and cotton Drawers,
Linen bosom Shirts.
Hats.—Panama, Leghorn, Campeachy
and Straw Hats. Beaver and Silk Hats,
and also a good assortment of
to which we invite the attention of our
friends and customers.
April 21, I84g.
B aggillg & Rope, just received by
the undersigned and for sale.
50 pieces Bagging,
50 coils Rope,
5 bales Twine.
Broughton & Wright.
September 1,1848.
New and Fashionable
E would call the attention of our friends
and customers to our importations of
new and fashionable Spring Goods, which
we are now opening, received per ships
Ashland and Thetis, direct from New York.
These goods have been selected w-ith taste,
are many of them of new styles and pat
terns, comprising a general assortment of
Summer Silks; Bareges; Fig'd French Ja
conets; French Ginghams and Gingham
Lawns; Organdys; Foulard Silks; Brazilli
ans, &c. Handsome Embroidered worked
Collars; Chimesettes; Reveire Bordered
Linen Cambric Handkerchiefs; Ladies' H.
S. Gloves, assorted; Long White Kid do.;
Herman and Bcrege Shawls; Berege and
Satin Scarfs; Cravats & Neck Tics; Swiss,
Cambric, Jaconet and Nansook Muslins,
and a very handsome assortment of new
style Spring Ribbons. We have a new
stock of Gentlemen's Clothing, made up in
fashionable style and of good material, all
of which we are prepared to sell on mode
rate terms. J S MASON &• Co.
March 17, 1848.
JLiusey & Jeans.
BALES Linscys,

J S Mason & Co.
for sale by
July 21, 1848.
Rope and Twine,
JJ 100 pieces Bagging,
1 Bale Twine,
for sale by
July 28,1848.
J S Mason, <k Co.
Blue-Lick Water.
BARRELS just received and for sale
J. S Mason & Co.
July 21___
C UTLERY—A lot offline Pocket Knives
and Razors, just received and for sale by
|ï P Meiettbld.
Nov. 26
Robert Potts.
John G. Hastings.
Court House Square,
Port Gibson, Miss.
H AVE opened at their store, an entire
new- stock of Groceries and Produce,
consisting in part of
Brow-n Sugar,
Havana Coffee,
S. II. "
New Bedford Candles, Rice,
Soap, Boston No. 1
Soap in small Boxes for family use,
Coarse and Fine Sait,
Tabic, "
Candies and Fruit,
Cigars, Mackerel,
Lard Oil,
Wine Vinegar,
Green & Bl'k Tea
Sweet Oil,
Spices of all kinds,
Old Rye Whiskey,
Rectified "
Hams, Lard, Flour, <fcc.
Together with a good assortment of Cas
tings, Nails, Brushes, Wooden and Crock
ery Ware, and variety of other articles.
Just Received.
S HAY'S Superior Family Hams,
Sugar Cured " "
Clear Sides,
Dried Beef,
St. Louis and Ohio Flour and Lard,
Potts & Hastings.
June 9, 1848.
Tor Families.
ODA Biscuit,
Boston Crackers,
Pilot Bread,
English Dairy Cheese,
Call at
• 4
Potts & Hastings.
Just lieceived.
ANDERS' 'Harry of the West' Tobacco,
Myers' "Phoenix" "
Price's, Rogers' and other Brands,
Large assortment of Cigars,
Also, Shot Pouches, Powder Flasks,
Game Bags, and Walker's Percussion Caps.
Potts & Hastings.
. , . .to
HL understgned are .SbTws
old stand, formeily occupied by James k
G. Martin, corner ot otamps now, ma n
St., a large assoitment of
DRY GOODS; ^ . '
Clothing; Hats; Boots; Shoes; &c., fee.
Which they offer to the citizens ot Port
»»it n 0 i 4 ,liWt.n^ »1 vprv low
Gibson and the neighborhood, at « qr J.W
prices. Please call and examine betöre
purchasing elsewhere. Ouv terms are tt
September 29, 1848. 5-3m
n / T. fiWT i
%/MUOrney at rr ,
the Court-House.)
To Families.
H AVANA Sugar especially for preserves,
A superior article of Imperial Tea,
Mackerel in Kits,
Soap in small Boxes.
Potts & Hastings.
T HE family residence, at present occu
pied by J. T. Marye, Esq., is now of
fered for sale This is the most desirable
situation for a family, in the Town of Port
Gibson, embracing the whole of square
No. 7, all enclosed, being the third square
immediately West of the Female Academy.
The main building is a large
■ ■ > «i
well finished in every respect; having a cir
cular stair-way leading to the sky-light
from the centre, with galleries running
the entire length, and a twelve foot passage
through the middle, east and west.
Also a two story brick kitchen, with ser
vant's rooms, attached to the south end,
and galleries entire, affording ample room
for lodging, washing, ironing and all culina
ry affairs, vvitlxi good
at the door. This property has been
repaired the »resent year, and put in good
order, and well painted. The out buildings
are all that could be desired, furnishing
every requisite for convenience and com
fort. It has also a good garden and orchard
attached, and the main yard handsomely
decorated with select shrubbery.
Any person wanting such a property
will do well to examine it, as it will be sold
low for cash. Possession given the 1st of
January, 1849. Any information required,
will be given by Mr. Wm. O'Kelly, of
Port Gibson.
September 29, 1848.
CCQRDLNG to the provisions ofa Deed
ot Trust executed by Charles T. Miles,
the 30th of October, 1840,1 will sell at
Public Sale for cash, at the Court House in
Fayette, Jefferson county, on the
Twenty-third day of Ularch,
between the hours of 11 o'clock, A. M and
2, P. M., the following named slaves to wit:
Asa, Dolly, Ella, Martha, Angeline, Mat,
Jim, Poindexter, Reuben and Rowan, or
of said slaves as will he sufficient
so many
for the payment of the debt in said Deed
mentioned due to Charles Clark, at whose
request the said sale will be made.
Surviving Trustee.
September 15, 1848.
# Port Gibson Herald copy for six
months and send account (with proven ad
vertisement) to this office for settlement.
Southern Watch Tower.
* *
(Office opposite and near
Nov. 26, 1847
..î?£&* f Â"£2ftZ Sfttsrü
H8 to myself, on tlie routii, from Linciomti to
Hamilton, is the residence of the poet-sisters.
Alice and Phebe Carey, on the quiet plain, a
mile or more north ol Pleasant Hill. Here
live these gifted two, on there paternal home
stead—having their fine farm worked chiefly on
shares and giving themselves ,p to Literature,
wnhaluxunous ease, such » » very rare jet m
the West, among those who work with the Den.
The Gazette published, not very long ago, a stri
king poem from the pen of Ph«be. Here new
is one from that of Alice, the delicious music of
which was couising tbi ^'-my*brain as we
rode past their rural home. It appeared origi
nally, I believe, in the New \ ork Evening Post
—and was worthy of being ushered into the li
terarv world Under the auspices of the first Ame
rican bard.

The Siste
Among the beautiful pictures
That hang on Memory's wall,
Is one of a dim old forest,
That seemed the best of all,
Not for its gnarled oaks olden,
Dark with the mistletoe;
Not for the violets golden
That sprinkle the vale below;
Not for the milk-white fillies,
That lean from the fragrant hedge,
Coquetting all day with the sunbeams,
And stealing their golden edge;
Not for the vines on the upland,
Where the blight red berries rest,
Nor the pinks, nor the pale sweet cowslip,
It seemeth to me the best.
I once had a little brother
With eyes that were dark and deep—
In the lap of that old dim forest,
fie lieth in peace asleep;
I jght as the down oflhe thistle,
Free as the winds that blow,
We roved there, the beautiful summers,
The summers of' long ago;"
But his feet on the hills grew weary,
And, one of the Autumn eves,
I made for my little brother,
A bed of the yeilow leaves.
Sweetly his pale arms folded
My neck in a sweet embrace,
As the light of immortal beauty
Silently covered his face,
And when the arrows of sunset
Lodged in the tree tops bright,
He fell, in his saint like beauty,
Asleep by the Gates of Light—
Therefore, of all the pictures,
That hang on Memory's wall,
That one of the dim old forest
Seemeth the best of all,
Monterey (California), Feb 27tÜ, 1848.
Hast wrote you from Santa Barbara, just
after a shipwreck. Monterey I reached
by land-travel a few days since, and here
will continue my journal, as I am on the
eve of departure for lower California and
Mazatlan, and it is more than probable that
my time will be too much occupied at
those places to write to anybody—at least,
I hope so
On the 18th of October our party left
the Rio Virgen—upon the shores of which
we had been traveling for several days—
and, after ascending an abrupt acclivity,
crossed a broad ridge of sterile table-land
to a branch of the above stream, called by
the New-Mexicans Rio de los Angeles
(River of the Angels), and by the Ameri
eans The Muddy. This latter name is gi
ven it, not from the appearance of its waters
at all—these being as pure as crystal—but
from the peculiarity of its bed and banks,
which are miry- in the extreme. We had
scarcely come in sight of the river when
the yells and shouts of the Indians were
heard; and looking to our left, we perceived
several sandy knolls dark with Pah-Utahs
or Root-Diggers, They beckoned to us to
come on, crying out they were friends,
Their language being a dialect of the Utah,
Carson understood much that they said,
Kit warned them off, telling them they
were bad—the whites were angry with
them, because they stole animals and
treacherously murdered the whites. One
old fellow,—in corpulence and rotundity
equal to Jack Easy's friend, Mr. Oxbelly
being more venturesome than the rest,
and, perhaps, ambitious or desirous of sig,
nalizing himself, approached to within a
tew yards of us. Here taking a bunch of
arrows into one hand, while he held his
bow ready in the other, and twitching his
quiver around a little forward of the shoul
der, he boldly insisted upon our stopping
to trade. On him Carson wasted no
words, but raised his rifle, when this awk
ward nude lump of human flesh waddled
off, somewhat after the fashion of a fast
running penguin. Some of the Indians
followed us a short distance, and then re
turned to the hills or their village, which
was near by. That evening we encamped
in the valley of the Muddy, where we
ma, to a > n mi nf mfi-mntp LiroVin<= tn spenrp
made a corral of me.quUe bushes to secure .
our animals at night. V\ e had not y et
completed this work, when about twenty
Indians appeared on the opposite side of
the river, and, from a rocky bluff, one of
them commenced haranguing us. He
said that they were friends—they wanted
trade, not to fight, and that we must re
wheDCe WC , Came ' J. f a tribute f som ® !
k in d was not pa ,d them for passing through
their country. Carson's reply to this was,
that he knew them well,-—that the whites
did not like the Pah-Utah , for he would
hill and rob. "The Diggers are bad to the
whites," he continued, "they say they àre
J s „■
f„ends, get into camp, and then murder, !
adding aside, to use a thespian expression, j
tt obj you d—n rascals! I know you; you >
need'nt stand thar a preachin' to me,—it
won't do vou no kind o'good." The In-!
dinns nnsitivelv denied the ahove assevera- -
tions P when Kit said_"The Pah-Utah '
i- ,', c , , ,• ,
lies." Several bows were immediately •
strung, hut only one arrow was discharged,
and the daring savage who perpetrated
this rash deed returned to his lodge and
From the New York Courier and Enquirer.
his squaw suffering perhaps dying, from
the wound inflicted by the round arrow of
the white-man's fire bow. We saw no
more Root-Diggers that day. In the eve
ning we burnt a ring about eight feet wide
around our camp and corral, thus effectually
preventing the Indians from driving us
away through the means of fire, which, by
igniting the dry grass, but for the precau
tion we had taken could easily have been
I We remained at onreamp on theRiode
1 , . , ., , * * /• ,1 .
j * os Angeles until the aftertlootl of the 19th f
making preparations for crossing a jornada*
of sixty or seventy miles. In the course of
the morning an Indian, belonging, most
probably, to a different village from that
near USj was discovered to conceal himself
. some w bushea not far from the river
, , . r
ballks ' We ™ ade s ßV s for c « me
in f° camp, which, after much hesitation,
he did, when we gave him some tobacco
and old clothes, besides a broken-down
mule, and sent him to tell his people that
no more 0 f them must come about us. He
. ,1 • ,• ,. , , ,- .
went off highly delighted, and for his te
menty, and success m procuring so much
from the whites, was, unquestionably, made
a great warrior, if not a chief.
The Pah-Utah or Root-Digger is as un
like our prairie or border Indiau in appear
ance, as he is in manners and customs.
He does not possess the same dignified
bearing, the same noble carriage; nor that
expression of countenance which seems to
We hunt and fight only, the white
men work for us," hut rather a servile,
cringing look; his cast of features assimila
ting more to the African than the Asiatic.
Instead of acquiline, his nose is broad and
flat; his lips are thick, and his forehead re
cedes excessively, leaving much that is
animal, hut nothing intellectual, developed.
This is the case, too, with almost all the
California Indians, and it is somewhat re
markable that, if these beings called abori
gines did find their way to this continent
from the East, the nearer they are met with,
now, to that quarter of the globe, the less
do they resemble the inhabitants there.
The Diggers do not ride: never using horse,
mule or donkey, except for food. Of these
they obtain hut a scanty supply, being
dependent for them upon raising stampedes,
killing animals belonging to the cavalcades,
or finding them, broken-down, on the road.
The costume of this tribe is very simple
and primitive, consisting either of nothing
at all, or else if not a ragged cloth of some
kind, a strip of matted grass round the
At 3 in the afternoon, and after having
caught some fish and shot ducks and brant,
we left Muddy river, and, entering the
jornada, travelled until the moon set, tvdien
we tied our wearied and hungry beasts to
wild-sage bushes, which in default of better
nourishment—they ravenously devoured,
and lay ourselves down for one or two hours
At daylight our party was underway
a S ain ' and at about 10 A - r * a * bedthe
cam P«»g ground at the end of this long
journey, called simply las \egas; getting
th . r ? u g h ' contrary to our expectations,
w ' ltbout tbe . loss of an animal,
after our arrival here, a very high wind
fr( \ mthe Nwthward commenced blowing
a " d mc [ eased to the violenceof a tornado;
f lX] S the atmosphere with the sand of the
desert, and thus rendering our camp, which
promised to be so refreshing and agreeable,
uncomfortable beyond expression,
It has frequently been observed by tra
vellers that, while in desert regions,familiar
sounds will come upon the ear, startling
one almost into the belief that he is not de
reived, that they are actually heard. Al
though I had before been surprisingly im
pressed with this mental phenomenon, du
r*« 1 » calms at sea, as well as upon the y or
nada, between the Arkansas and Cimmar
ron > on tbe Great Prairie, still I never was
so forcibly struck with it as when crossing
tb ose parched and burnt tracts. While
riding slowly along upon my little long
; cared jaded beast, I would sometimes dis
j tinctly hear St. Paul's clock striking the
| hour, the City Hall bell ringing for fire,
i various ferry and steamboat bells, and the
distant roar of carts, as^heard at Wehaw
ken with the wind at Northeast.
j October 21 st .—Made a journey of eigh
teen miles, to the bed of a creek, where we
found water in pools, and a little good bunch
grass. Like a Norther in the Guif of Mex
ico, after having blown twenty-four hours,
At night ice made.
j Next morning, it was determined that
Mr. Carson should select the best mules,
an(b taking with him half the forces, pro
cee j j n advance with the despatches; leav
jng the rest of the party, under my charge,
to remain where they were then encamped
f or twenty-four hours, that the animals
might become somewhat refreshed; after
which, we would follow on at an easy rate
0 f travelling. Thus did I find myself in
the wilderness without one associable com
panion. True, I was surrounded by stout
hearts and strong arms, but my own
thoughts were all with which I could com
mime. For, as may not be known to some
0 f the readers of your journal—and mine,
strict discipline is as requisite in the moun
. - . 1 • • „
. tains as at sea. Our provisions were now
getting very low, presenting to us a stron
ger prospect than ever of soon being obliged
to tryour teeth at the mastication of a mule,
Symptoms of the scurvy, too, were,quite ap
parent, and I really think that we were
only saved from this dreadful disease by
the free use of wild-grape, which grew
! plentifully on the trail.
* Not Hornada as spelt by some recent prairie
and mountain travellers; that would be a batch
of bread. Jornada means literally a day's journey,
bit the New Mexicans now most generally ap
p'y the term to any portion of a road or trail
where there existe an uncommonly great distance
! talwM11 tw0 pi , re s at which witer m.y be ob
j ta l ae d, even should the journey occupy a week,
> From this it has been corrupted by the Chihua
hua and Santa Fe traders and other Americans,
to signify any long sterile tract, or desert A
- 8 tory is told (I cannot vouch for its troth, how
' ever ') of one of . lhe8e ß en ' len,en ' who thought
lie spoke Castilian—the purest, l have no doubt
• J hill landlady dinner one day, at
Santa Fe, if tbero was any jornada. His pro
nunciation of the English word dessert being,
perhaps, more common than proper.
finish this narrative in
J. K. D.
I shall probabl
two more letters.
Monterey, (California,) Feb. 28, 1848.
In my last communication to you, 1
brought our travels down to the separation
of Carson and myself, and the division of
the party. We were then about three
miles from the Pueblo de los Angeles, and
on looking a short distance into futurity, the
principal features of the mental prospect
that presented itself to the view of our im
aginations, were walking, and blistered
feet, picking mull-bones, deserts without
end, mountains without bases, and others
with their summits so lofty, that reaching
them would appear impracticable, if not
But, thank God! matters did not turn
out quite so badly as we expected.
With Fremont's Report of his expedition
of '43 and '44 for my Sailing Directions,
a portion of his map for a chart, and Kit's
tracks for a compass, I sallied forth, on the
morning of the 23d of October, at the head
of a force of eleven as unhappy looking
humans as you probably ever saw, and
about thirty bundles of bones done up in
hides. Our journey was a short one—but
twelve miles—and over a rough read;—so
much so, in fact, that it was with difficulty
we could follow the tracks of Carson's
mules, made only the day previously. The
trail lay through a mountain pass, and near
to a spring in this, we encamped. Nut
pines, cedars, and dwarf-oaks, I observed
upon the mountains which environed 1 us,
but we saw no more wooded eminences
until our arrival, many days subsequently,
in sight of the California Mountains. At
this camp I was so unfortunate as to lose
my only companion —a stumpy little pipe.
Oct. 2Alh .—We travelled sixteen or
eighteen miles over a parched country,
with nothing to relieve the eye, save va
rieties of cacti, and one or two other plants
characteristic of the desert. Reaching the
bed of a stream, we found water in holes
only; but the grass, though scarce, was of
the kind which possesses much nutriment.
A few scattered cotton-woods grew in the
neighborhood, and, altogether, this was a
tolerable camp.
Oct. 2öth . —Our party was underway
early in the morning of this day, expecting
to travel twenty-four miles; but losing Car
son's tracks in the high salt grass growing
in the bed of a dry lake, we took another
trail apparently about a month old. This
led us across several creek channels, con
taining little or no water. At short inter
vals in these rocky and stupendous natu
ral trenches, were precipices, some of
them of immense height, over which, when
the streams are full, grand and magnificent
cataracts must flow. At length the tracks
we were following, tnrnirig suddenly to the
left, crossed a broad plain towards a range
of barren hills; then, striking the Mexican
trail, brought us upon that Kit and his par
ty again.—We had thus travelled on the
two sides, instead of the hypotheneuse of
a right-angled triangle. Hence, the path
frequently led us past sierras of black
cavernous rock, which had, evidently, un
dergone the action of fire. These, the old
mountaineers say, were all burning until
the deluge, when they were suddenly ex
tinguished. If you would like a miniature
representation of the prominent features in
this part of our continent, just scatter about,
on a hearth of grayish marble, a few pieces
of the coke of bituminous coal. After a
journey of at least thirty-five miles, we
camped at a green spot in the middle of a
sandy basin, called by the New-Mexicans
Acchilette. There is a spring at this place
to which Fremont has given the name of
Agita de Hernandez, in commemoration of
the murder here, by the Pah-Utahs, of a
man and wife bearing that name. Two
unfortunate mules gave out in the morning,
and were left upon the road.
Upon this site of a severe struggle for life
we found a human scull next morning,
which, from its low and receding forehead,
I took to he that of a Root-Digger.f Our
day's journey was eight or ten miles over
high sterile plains and ridges, and down the
bed of a dry creek to a verdant ravine, where
we found good water in springs, but poor
grass. Myriads of uncommonly large horse
flies here added, materially, to the already
miserable condition of our animals. At
night we had a slight stampede, occasioned,
undoubtedly by a prowling savage.
Oct. 27th .—We had been underway hut
a few minutes, when our road came upon
the head of a stream, called by the Mexicans
Amargosa (the Bitter). This makes a sud
den egress from the foot of a high butte,
and may with safety be called the outlet to
a subterranean creek. It is as hitter as the
waters of Marah. We followed the briny
rivulet down, until it lost itself in the sand
of its own bed, leaving an incrustation of
salt, to show where it sometimes did flow.
And thence crossing a rough country,
composed of sand and broken rock, found
ourselves amidst innumerable bones of
beasts of burden, tvhich was an announce
ment to us that we had entered the last
extensive jornada. At the distance of about
, _ , T
+ Th ? following extract hom "Fremont. Jour
nal," relating to the mnrder here mentioned, as
we „ as the £ count of the fale of lwo womeil) t8
afterwards aecrrtained from other travellers, will
give the reader some idea of the cruelties prac
tised by these inhuman bipeds of the desert:—
"The dead silence ot the place was ominous;
and > g*fl°P« n & rapidly up; we found only the
corps€8 ° f . tlie two men—everything else was
wklTarrow^ ^TrnandezTad' evidently fought
and wkh desperation. He lay in advance of the
wj ;| ow half-faced tent which sheltered his family,
as if he had come out to meet danger-and to re
pulse it from that asylum. One of his hands,
and both his legs, had been cut off. Giacome,
who was a large and strong looking man, was
lying in one of the willow shelters, pierced with
arrows. Of the women no trace coud be found,
and it w„ etident they had been carried off
But the most horrible part of this story remains
tobe toid. It ia said, that when the women
were found, some weeks subsequently, by a party
of New Mexicans returning from California,
their bodies bore evidences of having been grailly
violated, their legs had been severed at the thighs,
and carriedoff, and the infamous savage butchers
had nailed the two mutilated trunks to the ground
with sharpened sticks, and in the most obscene
manner it is possible to-conceive of. ,
twelve miles from our last camp, we stopt
for a short repose at a salty spring in the
deep gorge of a mountain, and then contin
ued to travel until midnight, when we laid
by, as our binnacle-light (the moon) became
obscured, rendering our compass indis
ylight on the morning of the 28th,
we were off again; and our rotlte led titf
through the most desolate regions we had
yet beheld. It were impossible to picture
to the imagination anything more forbid
ding or more barren of all appearance of
vegetable life, than the face of the country
presented here. And of the creatures of
this world, lizards were all we saw. At
about noon, the party reached the end of
the jornada, parched with thirst and gnaw
ing with hunger. There we found mise
rable salt-grass, and blackish water rising
from a filthy pool, and steeping the black
mud around it. This spring had, at some
time,received the name of Aguade Tomaso,
but it struck me that it might have been
more appropriately called Lodo dc Tomaso .t
However, fires were soon kindled, and cof
fee, bread fried, and bacon, which had un
dergone the same culinary preparation,
were soon devoured, sans ceremonie. W ©
entered the "long stretch" with twenty
eight animals, and got through with nine
teen. At the camp we found a broken
down mule, left by Carson's party.
Oct. 29.A.—So miserable was our camp
ing place that l determined to be on the
march again before day. Consequently,
by sun-rise we had reached a distance of
eight miles, when, in a basin, bearing evi
dence of being occasionally watered, we
found tolerably nutritious grass growing.
Here we halted to refresh ourselves with
the remains of our former evening's repast
—a little stale fried bread. Leaving at this
place three mules, including the one found
at the last camp, we continued our journey
over a road of sand and large gravel, and,
in a travel of twenty-two or twenty-three
miles, arrived at the Rio de las Animas,
the Mohave River of Fremont,
where our trail struck it, had the appear
ance of a well-drained marsh about a mile
wide. It was plentifully timbered with
the cotton-wood, willow and a species of
acacia, and good grass was abundant.
Shortly after our camp-fires were lighted,
a very strong North-West wind set in.
The opportunity now afforded us for al
lowing our jades a comfortable tranquility
of at least a day, was too good to be lost.
The poor beasts were all in a tired state—
nearly worn down—and had not the whole
party dismounted and walked a greater
part of the way on the last day's march, it
is more than probable that we would have
had much further to walk subsequently.
On the morning of the 30th, therefore, no
preparations wëre made for a journey; but
at daylight one of the men in Government
employment, and a Mexican accompanying
the French trader with us, were furnished
with provisions for three days, and de
spatched on foot to obtain supplies at the
first rancho they might reach, and return
with them to us. This expedition was un
successful, and for what reason will be seen
At an old camp here, were evidences of
mule-meat having been resorted to, to sus
tain life. This we thought somewhat sin
gular, as the bottom of the river was lined
with tracks of deer; a joyous sight to us
after having travelled so long through a
country only showing the paths of rabbits,
lizÄrds and lizard-eaters. So soon after
breakfast, as the high wind, which com
menced blowing the previous evening, had
in a measure subsided, two men accustomed
to the hunt at home, in Missouri, weht out
with their rifles, and, in the course of half
an hour returned with a fine black-tailed
buck, an animal of a much larger growth
than the common deer.
The melancholy expression which had,
for days set upon each face, suddenly dis
appeared, and every countenance beamed
with cheerfulness at this stroke of fortune.
The buck was quickly butchered, and, in
a little while, savory fumes arose from ket
tles and frying-pans, so long accustomed to
the saline deposites of bacon. In the after
noon a yearling fawn was shot, and we now
had a sufficiency of unsalted flesh for tour
or five days, and this was an article of food
we had not tasted since eating grizzly-bear,
more than forty days previously,
found the weather upon the river cold to
With my next letter, my journey to Cal
ifornia will end, J. K. D.
At da
p niluo t ~ fru t • #i ,
i^hains of LiOVE. Ine cn&in oi Jove is
made of fading flowers, but that of wedlock
of gold—-lasting as well as beautiful.
- ---;--,
Blessed are they that are ignorant; fof
they are happy in thinking they know
t Mud or mire.
A person who resides in this city, went
a fishing the other day, atid, among many
other things that he had hauled in, was a
large sized turtle. To enjoy the surprise
of his servant girl, he placed it in her bed
room.—The next morning the first thing
that bounced into the breakfast room was
Biddy, with the exclamation of "Be Jabers,
I have got the,
"What dev!
house feign iag surprise.
"The bull bed-hUg that has been atein'
the children for the last month.
l!" inquired the head of the
True Politeness. —Never ridicule, or
point the finger of scorn at a person because
he is less wealthy than yourself. Many a
great man and brilliant genius have been
the victims of poverty, while accident has
raised simpletons and even idiots to sta
tions of affluence and power The true
principle is to treat every person with
proper respect, no matter whether he be
rich or poor.
In the hurry of a daily business, little
mistakes will unavoidably happen now and
then. Nothing is perfect except one's
A man down East says that he has
worn out four pair boots, within the last
two months, tiying to collect'the money to
pay for them.

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