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Vicksburg weekly herald. (Vicksburg, Miss.) 1868-1883, March 26, 1870, Image 3

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THE WEESLT HEE1LD
TI1URSDAY. 1! Altai 24. 187a
fro lh WorklRgwsa, ruiaUelphi 1
Batlalaf Ae (! -What are
Tbees Associations, under hon
t msflagement, he many advan
tages KTer Barings Banks, as they
glv a inoch larger Interest on de
pot! la, and enable poor men to get
home of their own at a cost little
above what would be paid In rent
daring nine or ten yean. In Phil
adelphia (bey have been very pop
ular for a long time, and few In
stances of mismanagement or loss
bare occurred when organized un
der the present laws. Hundreds
upon hundreds of bouses are now
owned by men in this city, who
hare only earned taecbanlca' wages,
and tbey bare been able to pay for
them In monthly instalments not
usually larger than a moderate
rent
, la this State, Pennsylvania, these
Associations are organised under
pedal laws, and each one has to
be Incorporated. The number of
shares la limited to twenty-five
hundred ; but tbla number le not
alwaye taken. Eaoh share calls for
monthly payment of one dollar.
' When, say, one thousand shares
are subscribed for In a new Asso
ciation, it goes into operation un
der a President, Vice-President,
Treasurer, Secretary, and aay nine
Directors, who form a Board of Di
rectors, in whom all the powers
and Immunities of the Corporation
are Tested for the direction and
management of Its busines,sacoord
log to the provisions of Its Consti
tution and series of By-laws.
And now for the practical work
log of to Association. Yon take,
aay, five shares, and pay regularly
five dollars a month. If you get
no loan, but simply go on paying
for. say nine years, at the end of
which time nearly all Associations
Wind up. yon will receive two nun
dred dollars on each share, or one
thousand dollars, although you
have paid In only one hundred and
eight dollars on each share, or five
hundred and forty dollars la all.
The difference la made up from the
earnings of the Association, which
come from the Interest ana pre
miume paid for loans, eta.
If ron wish to buy a house, you
ean borrow from the Association
two hundred dollars for every share
ron hold, leas the premium for tha
. loan, giving as security a mortgage
on the bouse you boy. In this
ease, ron pay ten dollars a month
instead of five, the additional live
being exactly star ptt cent. Interest
on the loan. This you continue to
pay nntil the Association winds op,
When your mortgage le satisfied.
ana in nouse is your own, inoogn
you have not paid at any lime more
tun a fair rent.
At each monthly meeting, the
amount of money an hand is put
tip to the bigheet bidder, and the
premium paid is usually from
thirty to forty per eent on the
urn obtaiued. From this premium
comes a large part of the earnings
f the Association. In which all
Share those who borrow as well
as those who do not
TUB !II t YORJtLTT.
Gen. Webber, the new Mayor, is
lu town, has aatuincd and is exe
cuting the duties of his office.
This appointment,by the Govern
or of Mr. Webber, to the Chief
Magistracy of this city, is matter
worthy of the serious consideration
of our citizens.
Have we forfeited our city char
ter, that the rights and privileges
guaranteed by it are rudely taken
from us? Ia this community an
incorporated m miclpality, author
ized to select their officers, and
through them to frame ordinances
for the government of the city ?
Is Governor Alcorn to appoiot
Tom, Dlek or Harry" to offices it
honor and profit in the government
of thia city without regard to law,
or the wishee of this community ?
These are questions which deep
ly concern us aa citlzena. If we
are to submit to such unauthor
ized encroachments In any
one Important particular, may
we not look for other encroach
ments to follow fiut ? A precedent
ie a quasi law, and this Instance, it
allowed to pass uucballenged, will
make it one.
There ia only one place in the Con
stitution under which the Governor
can claim any pretence of authority
for making thia appointment of our
city officers. This is, aa we have
before said, seo. 0 of art zii : "The
term of office of all county, town
ahlp and precinct officers, shall ex
pire within thirty days after thle
Constitution shall have been rail
Til Jackson Pilot says that Dr,
B. H. Walker baa retired from the
Republican of this city and from
Journalism. Hi will resume the
practice of bis profession (in a tin
shop 7x9.)
Wi are glad to receive the South
Land, an agricultural literary fami
ly paper, published at New Or
leans. It Is a handsome publica
tion and will prove a useful auxll
tary to (he vital Interesta 'of the
South.
iiWn call the attention of our
reader to the published statement
of the condition of the North
American Insurance Company. It
shows very satisfactory condition
of affaire, and ae these statements
are made under oath, leltance can
be placed upon them. .
Tbla Company has a capital of
$300,000 paid up, with assets of
over 1900,000, and liabilities only
$110382. Tha names of such gen
tlemcu aa Messrs. Page Theobald
ar still further guarantees of thl
Company,' aud all others with
Wcb they are connected.
REVELS' SEftATOKtAl WKWl'T.
As a matter more of curiosity,
we pulilitth elsewhere the maiden
Senatorial speech of R(:velu,Unitd
Statea Senator from thia State. It
was read from manuscript : '
A ft literary, or statesmanlike,
effort there is little to aay of it
When we remember that so many
Congressional apeecbes are made
to band and learned by heart, we
must cautious about? jiving
credit in this regard.
We have seen very wonderful
dogs that, apparently, could do
moat anything but talk. We have
been astonished by seeing them
walk erect on their hind legs,
shake hand, laugh, climb a ladder,
etc. Now any mow can walk erect,
shake hands, climb a ladder, laugh,
etc.; but the wonder was that n
don should do these things. We
suppose this kind of reasoning will
account for Senator Morton's ex
traordinary compliment of Senator
Revels' speech, wherein the former
says, "in Revels, as the occupant
of the seat of Jefferson Davis, the
country baa lost nothing in Intel
lect and gained much in loyalty.1
Great guns, that's a stunner! A
speech thst would do small credit
to a white school boy might be
thought very excellent from
negro man, and that race are very
certain to receive all .the credit
they deserve for their Intelligence
fled, and the Governor shall, by and I nd literary abilities,
with the advice and consent of the The major portion of this speech
Senate, thereafter appoint auoh offl- of Revel is devoted to a vindica-
eers, whose term of office shall con-1 tion of his race. lie ia looked
tlnue until the Legislature shall upoQ u a representative many of
provide, oy law, tor an election of th- n-o-roea. and. as theonlr rean-
said officers; Prodded, The pres- ,eBUtive of cir color in the ua-
nt incomoant or ail county, town- ... , lin(,niL in n(Inhtdlv
.Me m-A kaat -k-ll 1 "
UlUi UIIHIVI IIU Vvtaw VlalUVI UoU l i M
hold their respective office, until " tm0 '
h.i. i-.ii i. race. Hi vindication carries with
uuia uwcsvi ai v icgum sjiviui 1
ed or eleoted, and duly qualified." much thak re"onWe. The
Can any one see authority here people or tue outn mace no ni
ter the appointment of city officer tack upon the negroe. They gen
by the Governor? erally concede their faithfulness,
Whether It was Intended to in- and worthy behavior during the
elude cmr omces In this section we . ,.. nU th
. - uut uvs we kvlmv v .
cannot say and It aoea not matter, gout), wl(IB to gbate 0De ioU
It U enough to know that there is no oftheriffUtl tainine-to the col-
authority here for the Governor to or dcprWe tnem of .
Mn .n,! V.jM. taI privilege, proper and neces-
..r r --- I ..v ir t 1 i. r -r
aids of this .run .n rr.t a man as rJ w " """"D " w
Governor Alcorn haa no rlffht to flclent i"mt he know. this.
EOa Perhaps the Southern people might
If the appointment 1 made un- not nave gone to worn in- me way
der the next section (Sec. 7), which the Badical have done. Perbap
provides for the sppolutment of they would not have thought it best
officers not otherwise provided for. to have placed the reins of govern-
In the Constitution, then l de mentand political representation
volvetnpou the Legislature, who Jn hindt of tnoM wnoM only
may determine ut mod or oiling tnU!rMt th. cw, weifl
all vacancies in all omces."
nnuil within tha rlulu At thftir
ofobJecUon to this appointment ".'t P, n,
Tak.lt "for granted mat Gov. Vve thoaght InteUigonc
Alcorahastberlirht to make this PC expenenct oosir-
appointment then, we contend that ftble in Utemea, legislator and
he 1 compelled to appoint s qoalL public officers. Perhaps it might
fled person which Gen. Webber 1 have considered that state
not I should be ruled by men taken
Section four of th city charter (rom among those who were the
say.: "To Mayor and council people of the State by domicile,
.hall at th tlma of bl. or their elec- iv(r!... .nd - nrnnrii.thln.
UonbeWvottrttfsaidcitiand mighthaVe ,U been o,but
kan r$ndd .a taid Ut at ltat . f. . .... . .
two years next preceding the ec- .
(ton,nd theCouucilmen thell r- Ju""
sid In th respective wards for 11 1 lhe negro deserts the South,
which tbey ar chosen." The v.ry ")' uinu,eir aKa,DSl ner P0""'
purpose lor which th above was cally, rule, over tuose wnom nc
placed in the charter holds good In know to be bis superiors by every -
case of ao appointment aa well as thing that goes to make clvitued
of an election. The government and retined manhood, even holda
of this city la Intended for the good within hia hands power of life or
or Its citizens, and the laws and or- dogln an, endeavors to
dloances relating to It are also so renreHenthimsolf as thcobiect for
Hon. A. Blsweli, United States
District Attorney for the SouUiern
District of Ml'tstppl) resigned
his office sonle two weeks ago, aud
we understand bis resignation has
been accepted by the President, and
a request has ticon forwarded here
jT aitionvlnaUou of hia successor.
.- i , -
: SSNATOE BxVUrAiVIOK TO HIS
BACi.rr-Senator Revels, of Missis
sippi,! lectured the other day in
Baltimore Jo the members of a
colored church, and among other
thing, said:- "
Education was the great lcrer
by which to raise and eunoble the
African race on this continent
The colored people should, bo fitr
. ted mentally- and morally for the
duties awaiting them. . The color
ed people should first pay atten
tion to nrimarv and then cullccinte
education, and select such schools
as aro best fitted for mental cul
ture. To the young men ho would
Bay that Intellectual and moral at
tainment depended much upon
how youth was passed. 'They
ahould spurn the thought that
taey would never succeed. The
press, the church and political or
sanitations, he said, ought to rg-
ist the colored people In elevating
their race, and he advised the col
ored people to give their leisure
hour to reading the newspapers,
as they would keep then acquaint
ed with tli great issue of the
fly.
intended.
The people of tbis city have de
clared who only shall be eligible to
hold Its offlcos. The very basis of
all government authorizes and sus
tains this people in so doing.
the sympathy nnd foiteringcareof
the country. Now' for all this we,
of the South, arc not justified In
holding the colored race wholly
roHponnible, and wo do not. We
Berause Incompetent and inell- know they, ore but tools, willing
glble persons have stolen Into tooln perhaps, of others. . ,
office by the couino of circuin- The Radicals of the South to
stances, it is no reason that such gratify, first, their thiret for gain,
wrongs should coutlnue. Unless law SCComlly, their ill will, and third,
canue produced to authorize me tucir amtiition. Uuvc made ma re
appointment of General Webber as tllH n,,,ro , obt.iu thl!KI,
Mayor and a Mr. Gardiner as ! , . .niiu. .....i
rV.inkiiln.tn i.A In atinv thorn """"isv
-.vi. .v- .v .v to give a little share of the
fciUJU W UV114 MaO BO Viuuc iljcu ng i l4l,J1j.A'i.l l
ur the. eltlzens to assert their.":',mu,, ,
right In he matter, by ft formal to"- Thi9: Pflrty canaot. in tb
protest to the Governor against 01 lIlin8s. navc perpetual
such action. We hope our cWzen power, and a day or general reck
will take action lu the matter. oning must come sooner or later.
Since writing the above our Until then, our people must con
special dlBpatohe from Jackson In- tinuo to bear this . odious and uu-
forra u. that Foster has introduced natural state of things, unless
a bill In tha Legislature to provide forced, sooner, to throw off the
for the temporary Oiling of munlci- ttlH - voke of servitude. It mav
pat owe. ib towns aua ciue. mis .nm. t tv.t. f. W(1 dn nftt
will be done tn accordance with c..... . . i
.tltntinn to which h. jr . u.uao uu.u.
. " - " - " tell they had It once.
atienuou. u o mesnuma every We M aJ to SeMtor
sctdone by Gen.Wobberu Mayor and his race, that though they
LnUU android. Himself and Mr. my pride themelve upon, and
receive wuung acaouwieagmsnis
Gardner are exerolslng their office for their devotion to the Southern
without legs! authority to do so. ' people during the war, can they
foel UK sense or pride and con
cern a fa, ftbore ground In Kienuousnes ior ueir conduct to
p....
THE EtTUAOfllMtSWr t Ot.
CASE.
Never perhaps in the liiitory of
celebrated cases hu the interest of:
the public been more coticcntratid
or more intense than in this vcm. i
It is very oarsy to comprehend the
outside influences which command
thl Interest such 'as the family
association, ' social 1 characteris
tic and puldic character of the ac
cused coupled with the fact that
he killed, in a personal rencounter,
ft prominent officer of the United
States Army; at a time when mili
tary dictatorship was substituted
for constitutional law. But these
circumstance could not in them
selves keep alive the interest for
so long a time. When we consider
that the accused availed himself of
the most eminent counsel, in the
State, aided by 'dlstinguliihcd
urirtts at Washington, we are at a
loss to understand the cause of the
extraordinary delays which from
time to time have been resorted to,
and which, have greatly puzzled
the public. Is that great bulwark
of liberty, the writ of habeas
corpus, ft dead letter?. Three
time the prisoner ha attempted
to avail himself of Its privileges,
and as often has extraordinary in
terfcrence from some quarter pre
ventct a hearing. What la the
meaning of tbis 7 Why have emi
ncnt counsel acquiesced in mo
tion for delay, when it appeared
to be the universal opinion of th
Bar that the prisoner 1 entitled to
ball, whilst many or of th opitr
ionthathe should be absolutely
discharged. , '.'
Here comes the speculation of
the public concerning the, recent
extraordinary escapade of Yerger,
and hi subsequent voluntary re
turn to prison under an escort of
armed men. It ia very apparent
he could hare absented himself
long aa he thought proper, and it
I also very apparent that when he
returned he did not intend to be
arrested, which would hare been
a great triumph In certain quar
tor. There must be reason for
all this that does not appear on
the surface, and notwithstanding
the Clarion aay the escape was
" exceedingly foolish," " undigni
fied," Ac, we have too much re
spect for Col. Yerger's intelli
gence to regard It la that light
W have been a sojourner at th
Capital for ft day ortwo. , We
have endeavored to fathom this
mysterious cat. W think
eon safely say that th logic of
these event will appear la due
season. The attempt of Senator
Shoup to deprive Circuit Judges
of jurisdiction In Aa&ea corpus
case outside of their respective
circuits, was bold attempt to rev
olutionize th judicial system of
the State, and to throttle .th lib
erties of th people. Tbla 1
known to be one of the link in
that chain of persecution which
haa bound the prisoner for nearly
twelve months. Why, if he is
entitled to bail, ha he not been
granted it? Why longer procras
tinate and evade? He aimply de
manda that he shall receive a fair
hearing, unprejudiced and impar
tial, before th court of the conn
try. It is but fair to odd that the
most prominent and Influential
Radicals with whom we have con
versed, denounce the action had
in this case aa prejudicial to the
interests of their party and of Jus
tice. Had Yerger been a North
'!' : ...
ern man ot , Uadical persua
sion, we doubt not his
caste would long ago. have been
disposed of aud he liuuonildy nc
quitted, but being, a Southern
uiun,.. independent in: his, political
principles,, and jealous -of his
rights and honor, he is a fit sub
ject for Radical persecution. We
are glad to note, however, that the
chicfest among his traduce rs and
enemies, arc for the most part.
strangers to him. and the country
Those of the Badical party who
have conscientiously founded their
failh upon the hope of a rentora
tion of civil and constitutional lib
erty, have do such feeling,
We are sure, that we echo the
voice of the . law abiding and jus
tic loving people of the whole,
country, who feel that the pro
longed imprisonment of Mr. Yer
ger, and the constant thwarting of
his desire to obtain: ft hearing, is
on outrage upon the individual,
and ft slur. upon republican insti
tutions. : '
irEr.i .1 or r. tis.i ui 1 1. 1.
01 THE fcC t!.l P t.
3Ih. IV'-ivr"!'! rie s" "
particular j uictui in the i,
oion (f thi t;.-or, il.U wi'j :
inp nLii.li, perii-vS neter ! ' -n-entered
into the eipeiience of any
member of this tody, I rise too,
with nawtrlvwgs as tu the proprl
ety ot liiung my voice at this ear
ly period afU't my admission into
the Senate. Perhaps It were wiser
for me, so tnexperieiced in the dei
tail of Senatorial dutiea, to remain
a passive listener In the progrensof
thia debet ; bat wben I remember
that my term is short, and that the
issues with which this bill is fragbl
are momentous in their present and
future influence upon the well bc;
lng of my race, I ahould seem in
different to the importance of the
hour, and recreant to the bigh
trust Imposed upon me; it I hesi
tated to lend my voice on behalf
of the loyal people of the 'South.
.therefore waive all thoiiiftts as
to the propriety of entering Into
this discussion, breaking through
generally understood etiquette
of this body, when question arise
which bear upon the safety and
protection of the loyal white and
oolored population of thos 8tate
lately in rebellion. I cannot allow
auy thought a to mere propriety
to enter into my Qonsideratic of
duty. Tha responsibilities of be-
-lng an exponent of such a constit
uency as I have the honor to rep
resent are futlv soDrecIatod (com
passed) by me. I bear about ma
daily the keenest sense of their
weight and that feeling prompt
me now to lift my role for the
Erst time In thl council chamber
of th nation: sod air, I stand to
day, on thi floor, to appeal for
protection from tha strong arm of
tha Government forth loyal chu
dren, Irrespective of color or race,
who are of the -Southern States,
the great State
II! '
X.
The (mall-pox In Natches '.la
spreading.
S. Q ha over 103,003 ?gTC clil-
arts at school - - -
that poopl sine tha war, and do
they not sometimes think a dsy
may come, when they wiU be ar
raided for their "doHiloeoriflg op-
! petition, ana lasoieacer
nd particularly of I
of Georgia.
.J
r
. I.
ili'til. aH.I Li. . - v i
her that the p '.. , . ,.
owe to the -ed j " ' ' ;
obligation, wli! U it I , ,
miittiT to fulfill. Vi'ii'ft i
era! armies were thinuf-.l by rt. .
ai diHter, aud sou.!" r . ! .
overhung ther length and breaJ.h
of the JiepuHlic, and the very s r
was pregnant wltu the rumors or
foreltrh ' luterfereneo--Ia tlint.c
dark days of defeat, whrwe rnemo
rios even yet haunt u. a arA'arly
dreamy from what source dhi our
nation, in its seeming death throes,
gain' additional' and new-found
powersr 1 It was the tabic nan of
th South that valiantly rushed to
the rescue, and but for their Intre
pidity and ardent daring many a
Northern fireside would miss to
day paternal counsels or a broth
er lOVe. i-..u in:-..;.- ' ;
Again, I regret thia delar on
other grounds. The taunt is fre
quently flung at us that a Nemesis
more terrible than the Greek per
sonation of the anger of the pels
wait her hour of direful retribu
tion. W are told that at no dis
tant day ft great uprising of the
American people will demand that
these reconstruction act of Co a
Kress be undone and blotted forev
er from the annals of legislative
enactment I Inquire, sir, if Uit
delay in affording protection to
the loyalist of the State of Geor
gla does hot lend on nncomforu
fl t
Which
we to.
Can. Jastu Mths, who had
the difficulty with Mr.Hohrbecker,
u lying dangerously III. ' Cls phy.
siuaa say e i not mar to re
cover. .HI skull was fractnrta by
tli blow hi ,r:ciyel, &r.I ka Im
WMDiOft ftaSU3.
I am well aware, air, that the
idea 1 abroad that an antaxonlsm
exist between the white and
black; that that race which the
nation raised from the degradation
of slavery, and endowed with th
full and unqualified, tight and
privilege of citizenship, are in
tent upon power at whatever price
it can be gained. It has been the
well-considered purpose and aim
of a class, not confined to the
South, to spread this' charge
broadcast over the lend, and their
efforts are as vigorous to-day to
euuf ate tha people or thia nation
into that belief a they were at the
olo of th war. It was not un
common to find tbla aam clan,
even during the nbeluon, prog
nostlcatlng a aervil war. It may
have been that "the wish waa
father to th thought;" and, air.
aa the recognized representative
of my down-troddsa people.1 deny
the charge, end hurl it pock into
the teeth of those who make lt,and
who I believe have not a true and
conscientious desire to further the
interesta of th whole South. Car
tel air no on possessing sny per
sonal knowledge of the colored
Sapuiauoa or my own or otner
tates, need be reminded of the
noble conduct of that people dur
ing tha most trying circumstance
ia in nutorj or toe late war,
when they were beyond the pro
tection of the Federal forces.
While th Confederate army
pressed into it raak every white
mala capable of bearing arms, th
mothars, wive, daughter and lis
ter of to Southern soldier were
left defenceless, and la tha power
of th blacke, upon whom chains
of slavery were (till riveted, and
to bind those chain the eloscr waa
the real issue for which so much
life and property was aacrlflced.
And now. air, I ask, how did that
race act? Pid they in those day
of Confederate weakness and Ira
potency evince the malignity of
which we hear so much? Grant
ing, for the ak of argument
that they, were ignorant and besot
ted, which 1 do not believe, yet,
with all their supposed ignorance
and cruelty, they, in their way, un
derstood as fully aa you or I that
it wo the presage of .till
heavier bondage. They longed.
too, a their Cither did
before them, for the advent of that
epoch over whidh was shed the
hallowed light or inspiration ilt-
self. They desired, too, with their
fathers, to welcome the root or tue
stranger shod with the peaceful
preparation of good news... Weary
veara of bondngo had told their
taio or sorrow to tno uonrt or
Heaven. In councils of the Great
Fathor of all they knew the adju
Jicatiou of their COae, albeit tio
layed for yearn, in which patient
suffering had nearly exhausted
itself, would in the end bring them
a boon for which thoy sighed
God's most blessed gift to. Aw
creatures tho Inestimable boon
of liberty. They waited, aud they
watted patiently, in the aosencs
of their masters, they protected
the virtue and chastity of defence
less women. Think, sir, for a mo-
ment what the condition of this
land would be to-day, If tho slave
population had risen in servile In
surrection against those who,
month by month, wcro fighting
to perpetuate that institution
Which brought to them all the evils
of which they complained; W h
would have been tue security lr
property, female . chastity, aud
childhood's innocence? 'ii-e
bloody counterpart of such a sWry
of cruelty ar. 1 ww isni.Mba've
bcr-a pralV. 1 c .' rut e - I
-vof J-! il"'y:w ' I
ty Ju',J-bi, or in i o 11" -
aU... Ji tf t'" t Uv i cf .-r
ueer with
meet? Delay la
for It 1 aa true,
tn physic, that the longer we pro
crastinate to apply the proper rem
edie the more chronic becomes
the malady we seek to heal; t I
- . ( 3 , - i , s
, in ! i - a
U- Of f : ' ' ' , . .
hold b . ;!
colore' n -
ai of Ct ,.. , 1
with b-.,ior r .-
cer ia tli i i
the 1st 9 v -. ; t
bp?'1 in t t ' -
coin...... i cm ' "s it
tteorpla? t.rl f,: '-'
And B') r ,-, : - ''4
nansa of t
rnin&t&ny aii i i', J 1. t'J,
fuller tie I - ' f 1 '1
thauMiu 1 wlt .' i 1
Of ths t'-i't 1 1 t - -.1
now iws t is f ' 1 i
slderauon of i. 1. , r t 1
my haul woi U s 1 1 if
sufl Involved i 1 t. i !
tobemys-'.'.'(in s..l t .
mandforf .:, 2 r""' '
for the L . i i . t
Gor;'i. Is-' v
tiv e.i-i t.:. 1 ,
and aklf so'v 3 1 r
arfoo.'" i s 1
seaport, it i ., v
erto bts U.'Qt us. , 1
tt!. J,'P-p. If'jr'-' If 1-
l,S :t t. . . " "a J
Geir,' aU . . , . !-
ber, ir, Uwt -v .
Us tiiir 1 '
M-k. tmmA wmmtM -
St dart With rlrar riaouw th lam.
Bar SMustMU aiiui M ttte'i s4
to IIBWlt
nf a kaS Mnm tkkt tor ttliv mvm
lu put cwrriiid tut u Wnsi
And ill Um Mv ixirlth: hs t!n('l auutlM
vhs hm m era ra um
Mr. President I favor the mo
tion to etrlke ont so much of the
bill ander debate aa . tend to
abridge the term of the existing
aa
Legislature. Let me, then,
briefly a possible, review the his
tory of th ease which so nrsentiv
claim our prompt action.
In tha month of November,
1867, an election wss held, by th
authority of th recorttrucuoa
policy of- thi Congress, la t?:
State of Georgia.' It object was
to settle by tha ballot ol her
people, white and colored, whether
it was expedient to summon a con
vention, which should from a con
titutlon for civil governmat in
that State. A cerUia class of the
population declined to take any
part lath election.. The vote cast
at that election represented 30,000
white and 80,000 colored citizens
of the State. It wa a majority,
too, of th registered vote, aad in
cou sequence . a convention wa
colled. A number of the deletes
who formed that convention were
colored. By its authority a con
stitution waa framed, just and
equitable ia. all it , provisions.
Eace, color, or former condition
of aervitude found no barrier in
any of it ample aaaulinenia, ana
It extended to those. lately in
armed rebellion all the privits
of Its requiraments. This consti
tution waa submitted to the people
of the State for ratification. Every
effort which human Ingenuity
could call into requisition to defeat
It adoption wa resorted to. , ibe
loyal population of the State was
victorious, and, notwithstanding
the determination' of some to de
feat the constitution, that same
clas sought under it provisions
to. procure the nominations for ail
ui omces . within tn gin or tue
people; a number were 'declared
elected hs county, oincers. Mid
member of the General Assem
ble ... . '
. Under the authority ' given tyJ
the act Of Conirressof Juno $..
iSiiS, the Legislature ' thus elected
convened on the 4th of July of .tiie
snme year ia Atlanta. .The, act of
Congress to which I refer re-af
firmed certain qualifications wbtcit
were demanded from all persons
who were to hold office in th ro-
conBtructcd , Mates. After some
delay, a resolution was adooUd bv
the Legislature of Ccorgia declar
ing that that body was duly quali
fied; and thus began the civil gov
ernment in tbe state, rcace and
harmony seemed at last to In
met together, truth aud justice '-:
havetlHscd each other. . Uut l... .1
reign waa of short duration. Ky
and by the recoust-uctioii. si is of
Congress began to t'e in"-tnnei,
and It' waa alleged tli 1 tliey were
unconstitutional. Ai I lhe Lejils
lature,' which ww eU-cted . uudi
the constitution, framed and im
ported by colored men, d '
that a man having more f
ethMh of A Mean biood In ! .
WM liiiiKiUO to Oii'i "
l'i tULe0'iflnturo of' 'to Oj'
CJ;or-a. TIicbo i-'ta l-wht'er--'1
" 'vr" 1
all ti.e ri'.'.! ' -m.'-.'-s c
citizen-1 !, v ...ry .,3ti
j( wJ, 1. It;'" ,
1- t c? ' f-" 1
t t , -
W. W. J '
saroed A i'i i .
on Satui 1,-y. "
The "os't'ir r-
to pet-' 'O f- f a b
call-. Caloia, w
Okiilona oa tLa cour: .- .-.
A new twn hjt 1 - -'
ed In I.iT'ck c, ..
Poltsvcnt Ci;y. It f-n
Orleans, l!cX:!e t! C"
EallroRi. - 1 s
I It tWnw ''"
county, a fi, !' j 3 : T 1 r
Monroe, 133 f.'Vi C ' '
from CktiL!.!.j,i f.i.
makiag 413 t , 1
and Ur, J.J, I'a
eultj at -'n, ia
tha Litter kali
r
1
1
ts
uw
! 5 '
.114
liSj
I. i'ai
a e.ji
ou of
tha former wca severely cut ebout
tha head ad basda. '
1 A new county is to ' - ' 1 -ird,
cutting off portions f , oa
Caiborae, Hinds 'a.. '. C.-'h
counties, making Crj-.t4
tha county site, sal l;u ;.,'.' 1:3
Ptic withia the boun ..ry. '
' Oscar T. Escler, I q., cf Co
luibbu, CraaJ Hioi J.t of the.
Grand Chapter ai C j 1 CVuacll
A. F. V A. U., cf I.
at if resitl'a' .
if leave a
children bcV.nd I'
In Hind1 1 "
Police have lt?vi-d
hundred aud seventy-five r c?nt
of the Slate tax. The are
goirg to coi.1. t It sl,. re
taiucdiua acr.iijcat 01 .. i'. imr-
-2-
iul
t"r cf Sva
r!i and Wm, Ye-r & r t
t , 4 .! -- f - 'i -
., Say the Meridian La:
'Iljrey B)okir; t
Jonei, a colored " , 1
urday." "
; Tie 1 iv.
Ulid lli r.uill u'y
ft ft in the last twmt -f
Abetdcva Kxan-'scr, 1 ' '
''Tec otr.ioisa :r . " r
the Governor' 1.
' Ilia creatai t.'.c t !
frontry to c-l '
doma-'oc'culcr 11 1
Ultiiu "r.0 j j- 1
tiile,Ln r i"". 1 '
iait.i')ii d lij'u'i l '
1 tjif I. lilt. J. Ulill Ak:i.LiU
the Go' tiUor'a )m..':f .
"Ij tlilTH a in'iii H 1 .1 N
rs:t T.a c. . 1. :
l.iiihh . Lid i
md Ariansai 1
imrtirs fi"
if were r"1 ' 1
mercy cn 4 !"
We' M1
i ' iti1 ....
! v e ' .
1 5 ur-
s
f iU
.1. "uur
hourai
.".-t r,
of
- ,
!'"S-
lo.
t r.
ituern
iMil a
'.i
.. '!t
' 1 J
e
.t
' nl '
org"- Sild uiKSiT
r.r-'j 1 a bi-en t
t o Le gsta. 1
1 t.lcu'-' ;"tl.
j.v.r
1
Ia C j

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