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Vicksburg weekly herald. (Vicksburg, Miss.) 1868-1883, April 16, 1870, Image 1

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4A. .n. WORDS, PnhlUaor.
W.tl. M. PEAHS, tailor.
One Tear, Ik AiiTUM, til1 ''
1 M"nini, in Ailfacee !
O .o lluntti, ,n .drinc4, I
O .e Tear, .a Ailr3 1
8.x Siu.th, In Alvioce
Munv iierson Lave iurcbn.ted
We arc glad to ku-.w thnt gtate warrants interning to use
member of ('i.njrexi from Tea-
tlicm in the payment of taso. To
nil such we widest the propriety
(f golnnt once, ami paying them
ir. to tho tax collector. A bill will
Mm:i be presented, pruv'ulinjx for
the emu l.ul.sorv fundiiiff of all
mo Radical be fnund ol'si'tlicicnt tlCS(s;TOrrnnt,;.: T,1C Sutc.owcs
nessce has nnmiuatci a negro boy
from his district as a Cadet to
West Point. It 1a trne lie has
dodged the question somewhat by
selecting a mulatto. Why can iKt
An OMiclal Biographical Sketch
I a law t'ltf WlflclaU.
General J. C. Webber sit as
Mayor by virtue of an appointment
from Governor Alcorn, made in
violation of the Constitution, aud
in total disregard of the City Char
ter, which requires thut he shall
have been a resident of t he city
twelve months before his election
or appointment, and have been a
registered voter of the city, lie
came into the State last November,
scarcely tire months since, is uci
Wicr a registered State or city
Mr. C. D. Landou U City Mar
shal and Representative ut' the city
in the LegUlaiurc. Th"e iwo of
fices arc incomputable, since he
must necessarily neglect the duties
of the one or of the other.
Mr. J. P. Harper is Deputy As
sessor and Collector of Intcriml
Revenue and actiig City Marshal.
Mr. John B. Riyiuoii'l is no
tice of the Peace, Ascs.or and
Collector of city tuxes, and we un
derstand has Lieu an applicant tor
appoiiiiuicir. as Circuit Court
Mr. J. S. Morris is Attorney
General for the State aud Attort.cy
for the city.
Mr. L. M. Hall U a member of
the City Council, Ju.-tice of the
Peace aud Chief of the Kire De
partment. Dr. M. Oilman 1. a member of
tho City Council, Workhome Phy
sician, Mayor pro-lcm uinl County
Mr. J. TV. Slmrt is Deputy As
scssor and Collector of Internal
Revenue, and as we are iulormcd
now acting City Clcik. by appoint
ment from the Mayor, o-callci'.
Dr. C. A. Fo.-tcr is a member of
the City Council and member of
(tip nn I nriltlniiii-fl
nerve to make the issue direct.''
If the negro has the riyltt of ap
pointment to this institution, then
let the negro have it. Why dodge
the question by the selection of u
mulatto? or as Butler did recoin
ii) I a mulatto whom he knew to
be illegible Oil iiecouiit of his iige.
Butler is shrewd. He knows that
his constituency does not consist
something near 84W.U0U mid our
Radical riders desire toUwpoio of
that .'imoiint in such manner that
t'aey will uut : be compelled to re
port it from time to time. lo-
cause if they do with the immense
sums which they intend to dis
poe of. it will look too Htupch-
duii. and besides, tliey desire to
(lean up the decks HlilOotu nild
. , . i . . . .! .1.: 1
soien UMUiiiuiieKiu-numuiiti.-!, nMl ,, ,.,, 0 f
yet be lia.l to mauc a snow ot cor. fb Therefore, it will be
Mt-m-y. ami hence he nominati-d wm;)l .. for the llMvfll of
a negro, but one whom he knew St.ite warr.utl to IWC Ull.m ul
could not be admitted. Mr. h. 1)!ivim.llt of t.13Cl.s Jlg
Proper, from Teneseo. is . it ,vil; ,,e a ;r,.c,a wbii0 ,,foVe
tei.u.ting very nearly the iitui- t, na ((Sfc tb.m u,at
thing. That is. he has nominated mR.,mr
a briirlit mulatto whom, he hopes, -
' Lmtifr tram a .niilppl Lcglt-
if ailmitteil, willfe tolerated on iniur.
aicmnt of his netir approach in The follow ing letter from n wise
color t" white. The New York imd profound member of our Slate
Herald says that the iidmisMoti of Legislature fell into our hiinds
ni iifcies to 'rl Point will binkc yesterday. For appnient reasons
it up. What! will a loyal. Radical' we suppress innnes. We will do
Congress destroy an institution the writer of the letter in qne-tion
, .... i 1 .i !.. . i...i i.:.
I ! Use its ioir i;:'.vc m me insm c iu a m;o, imc mo
thrown open to the .ons of the letter is n wretched utlair, wc arc
nets of the nation V Would the . c-nvir.ced that it is a much tiuor
soul of John llrowii" ever tense piece of composition in every
marching if sucli an idea should respect than can be prepared by
occur to it V The loyal (.'.mgre-'s , nir.etenths of his brother legisla
not desiring to contiutte in cxis- j tors of tlie same politics with him
teniean institution of this char-' self:
actcr simple because the sou of the i LDiMi.ATivr. Dlc'mi:st of Miss.,
Miiii anil lliotl.er has liCcr.Mini!- j
ti-.l to it. This is MUtlicioit of i
... , i
Itself to make lunM. stepne;:s
House of Representatives,
Jackson, March 2.!, IS"'1-
I Dear sir I am Glad to have the
haunt every spiritual s.s-i mi'lnge . .i.t. ,u:;itv of written von a few
in the hind until he has succeeded' litis inform you my health I am
not very well at present 1 nope tnat
iu placing upon it hi1- seven-t con
these lew litis line you well iv in
inviiiir irood iieallh m r I
The Herald says, moreover, that ; ws, vu iV.,nld tret my funitere
City Tkui-hles. There appear'
to be qui e a stir In theevnp of
tho city officials.' The Mayor, so
called, ainon2 his first acts, remov
ed Mr. Krauk Packard, City Clerk,
and appointed in his stead Mr. J.
AV. Short. Immediately upon be
iug informed of. his removal, Mr.
Packard, a we lenrn, locked tne
dockets and other important pa
pers in the safo of his office, locked
his office door, and went t Jackson
to soc' Governor Alcorn. During
his absence, as ll is stated to us,
his office was forcibly entered, the
old lock removed from the dour,
aud a new one placed thereon.
This effectually shut out Mr. Pack
ard frcm his office. The question
now arises, lias Mr. Packard been
legally removed or not.
This light Is one in which we,
of course, can have no Inter
est aud no voice, since it U
one la the Radical party aud
a very natural one too, being
about the division of spoils.
We have in ninny articles shown
that General Webber is not the
Mayor of the city, aud that he can
not be until he has become a regis
tered voter In compliance with the
provisions of the City Charter.
Consequently he has no authority
wbaicver for the removal of Mr.
Packard. Upon the score of resi
dence Mr. Packard bus decidedly
the advantage, having been a resi
dent of the city about four years
and of the State nearly six years,
whereas General Webber has ouly
been a resident cf the State about
fire mouths.
If Governor Alcorn, !u the ap
poiutmcnt of Gcncial Webber,
imagines that he is rewarding one
of his supporters ho is sadly mis
taken sinco General Webber was
not a voter during the recent elec
tion. The Governor has therefore
Ignored tho claims of those who
did support him, aud Is giving aid
to one who could not have voted
for him had ho desired it.
the white cadets would make the
place too hot to hold the negro
Wlpil a Miunm upon the character
of the son- ol loyalty! Fie upon
thi naughty, naughty Herald, to
intimate such a thing. I)o not
iu.:-.- fill sit -amicably and
aurceablv in the Liutccl 'Male
Senate with a negro 't Is not the
negro Senator the lion of Wash
ington ity polite socii tv ? And
if so, why should not the negro
cadet be the lion of West Point?
Hut with nil due deference and
respect to the gentlemen who
have made these nomination, wc
respectfully suggest that the ap
pointment of brigh luAihUtuc is
not exactly meeting the emergen
cj Let genuine negioes, the soiis
"conl black Rose,'" be appointed
The rights of citizenship wire not
conferred alone upon the mulatto.
To Set vn example for his coin
borers, we suggest that .Jen. JIc
Kee, mcuihti of Congress fro in
1 this district, nominate a son of the
i Honorable Albert .Tohnson Wmv
pointmciit to West Point', and if
he lias two sons of suitable age,
theu nominate another for a cadet
ship to the naval academy at An
na) wills. We shall anxiously ob
serve his course, to sec if he will
act upon our tmggustiou.
and Keep it in your persesion ami
si'iidit out by the Kxpess trail you
pay thecxpess Company mid i will
pay you Wlit-ti I see you l).-:irsir
I hop. you w ill Write to me I shall
send you some new paper.
Very Rcspt. oht. ser.
chip rno.ii tub woodm r
We clip tlie following para
graphs from the Scooba Sjiectator,
edited bv Dr. J. D. Woods:
A staple diet Cotton fritters.
Urrttle fastening bolted meal.
I'nneecssary Ingtttlient-A wo
man in n stew.
A Church Orgnii A woman's
The trees now propose b put
out. if winter will.
Missing the connexion being
from home when your kin come in.
The barks of some kinds of
dogs are good tonics dogwood
bark for instance.
No wonder Kditors are so often
at sea, they tire so frequently over
bored. Because a mau use trussed
fowls, that's no reason why helms
n foul rupture.
The people in Tennessee nre
trying to :iv of Radicalism, Hint
they have Sent-er n drift.
The Radicals seem to go quicker
at Itiith r's call, than thev do at
Kentucky's Reck. ,
Another accident occurred on
the Mississippi Central the other
day, but being somewhat bung-
iinrlv managed, oulv live were
If any of our readers don't
know what n pneumatic railway
is, all they have to do is to imagine
themselves an arrow in a blow gun
and be shot through. Thai's the
way the thing is done.
Suckers arc abundant Home
That's what the woman over at
Summit thinks, Unit hml that litter
of six.
In Rrooklvu they have been
throwing liars of soup instead of
Is. quels ut ti danscusu. I Register.
In consequence, probably of the
exhibition of some dirty feat.
And now a woman in South Car
olina, registers three chaps nt a
Some folks think such things
awiul, hut wc are compelled to re
gnrd it as a sign of good breeding.
A Di;xTi:inns Rasc i.. Galig
tiini tells this story: "At the Cafe
du Commerce, Rue de Vinmcft.
Vicksbubo, Miss- March 10, 70. tlit slop of the ridge, through the
ToMslorA.M.PxU. Chairman P'""""is o Mrs. Harris, juuge
of Committee iu charge of the
V iciuDurg and Canton Kaiiroau
route: 1
The preliminary survey of a rail
road route from this city to Canton
was begun on the 23d ot November
last ; the Initial point of the field
work bavins been established near
the lutertecuoD of the western line
of Fanrtor street With the bayou,
which bouuds the northern limits
of Vicksburg.
The line of outlet from Imme
diate suburbs of the city passes
up the valley ef Glass" bayou ; the
plan or which was aeeuted tlie most
favorable for an ultimate connec
tion with the Mississippi river.
This being, evidently, a desidera
tum or any rnuroaa- wblcu may
have its to mluous at Vicksburg.
Tho original line was coutiuued In
a direct course, crossing the pro
jection of a spur rldgo which points
near to tlie conuueuce or tno east
erly head forks of the bayou. The
summit of this rldee was attained
iu tno dlstnuce or i tm miles, mid
was found to be one hundred and
ninety-two feet above the assumed
datum plans of levels. Thevulley
at this point is or very mode
rate width, sinuous iu course,
and contlnod by precipitous
hills. This necessitates, iu the
avoidauce of the ridge, a se
ries of reverse curves. This
obstacle being turned, the line con
tinues by the aid of hill-side sup
ports up to tho head of the valley,
win re we encountered a narrow
ridge dividing the hcadwut-irs of
Cowan and- Ikrky, we struck the
dividing line beiwec thecouutis
of Warren and Ymoo, 19.93 miles
distant from Vlekiburg,
The lands of Wsrren Conntr, as
observed along the line ef turvsv
sud ui immediate vicinity, am,
generally, ef good quality. , ikuy
of the bills from which eottott
eroDs were bcliiir gathered, exhibit
ed a depth and richness of soil to
which abnudaut crocs or com aim
cotton fully testified. . The unculti
vated ridges, were coverea wiin
dense masses of cane suid briars,
Indubitable Indications of the fine
auality of the soil producing them.
The timber is in great variety, con
sitting principally of oak, (white,
red, post, ic.,) walnut,' gum, pop
lar and beech. The BlK Black lands
of Warren are highly productive,
and have the usual drainage char
acteristics which pertain to tne rvf
cr bottoms throughout the Butte.
Tbouuh not protected by. levees,
the occasions! floods are of limited
duration and but a temporary hin
drance to the working of crop.
Leaving the county or warren
we pass into Yaioo, where we ob
tain a better road bed upon an els
vaicd tnblo land, thus avoiding the
instability and inconveniences of
side hill cuts. We encounter two
ridges within the plantation of
Thomas Holtomnn, the turning of
which would lengthen the line one
half mile. This increase of dis
tance contrasted with the necessary
excavation of the ildgcs, fixed the
location across them, as being, both
primarily aud ultimately, the
Ettle cost; si 1
gard to eooiuoiiv 1;
would met ee r "ii s
facility of this ens)'--
The total ,, . ot - U
58.22 miles. T 1
id the respccue , . . i 4
and five. Curves" ' hi- .
eral thing", coiiveu.vu . i s 4
tangent denecti.ws. 1
mule will a.l mil orag . '
The first mile of the t
located on the s!opa ci t .a
noutn ortue o j, t 1
made safe sud i cure I 1 j
hill ditching
ISTIMATiLi) v "T. . . .1
Grxlaation, buwi; ui htviic- -nr
. t 1 1 9 &
Iron rll. chir.niUi . i 1, u-
utir'.ncsaiim- '( w
LsylOf tr4ck, iiwlurtmr armt.i.t - Wt,
Uitciug on tlUt htu iiu.
nsiis.., v ti.'J09
Drpnl biillJlnn, rnicuio tin p
n4 wkrstuuia.,
... iot ss
lil 64
tho above mentioned bayou from ii
tnoseor tne uiicKaw. crossing .. ,.i, ,u uinitn.
!!:I.!!,;'0 .V,Cy,Ki iof Holloman, Wilds, Guipn, Lee,
We are informed that during the
of Thursday night the house
of Ma. Ellas Kiereky was struck
by lightning, and by which a large
aperture wae made In the roof.
Ote of the children, in the room
immediately beneath the point
struck, was, from some peculiar
cause In cennectlon with the acci
dent, seriously affected with
MnMtlQn like action.
Thk velocipede i uo longer an
American institution. All the line,
large halls that a year ago were
devoted to it in New York city have
been sold out and closed for want
! of business. A lirst-rate bicycle.
new or nearly so, wiiuli cost n
! hundred or a huud'-cd mid llfty
dollars, can now be bought br
from ten to twenty-five dollars.
The passion which rose o sudden
ly fell a'.l at mice, and now has
scarcely a votary in all the land.
The reason seem to be that after
tho art of the velocipede is learned,
it sinks to tho level of mere work,
aud ceuses to be interesting. For
country roads the machine proved
to he. unavailable from the enor
mous droit required to move it
over loon enrthor sand. or uphill
The exercise was too severe, ex
cept on a smooth and level floor.
With iu abandonment iu this
country, it seems to have gone
out of use in Europe also. From
Franco we hear no mora of ve
locipede journeys and races. Iu
England nothing is now said on
the subject, except a -wandering re
port in some of the newspapers
that Mr. Lowe, the Chancellor of
the Exchequer, practices on ve
locipeda every morning.
! The latest dispatches from Cu
lm indicate that the insurrection
there is upon Hi last legs. It is
again announced that General Jor
dan has left the island: that the
Cuban ('(ingress has been dissolv
ed: that iu the insurrectionary
district n strong feeling in favor
of the Spaniards is being revived.
Had the admiuistiatioii of tlie
United State foregone u foolish
principle involved in the Alabama
claim with Great Ilritain, Culm to
dav would have been ntincxed to
this country. Ibw much more
would it not have been worth than
the ini-erable paltry sum which is
involved in tlie Alabama claim.
Hut then there was no room for
corruption and bribery in the Cu
ban transaction, whereas, iu the
other, since the claim is in behalf
of private individuals who nre wil
ling to pay liberally to receive the
money lost by them, there Is room
for prolit. However, so far a we
of the South are Concerned, it is a
very fortunate occurrence, as it
would have added just one other
nivrrn pmvincp.
WiirrmioKEof South ( arolinn,
the cadctship peddler, has a ro
mantic history. He is a New Eng
lander by birth ; inherited a
-iti: it loi tiiue; traveieo in j-.ui-ope
md ran through the money; be
came a clrrk in Roston; was con
Verted iu a camp meeting; preach
ed: joined Ben. Umier's New Eng
land Brigade as n chaplain; got
fund and other property from the
.Vnu'iiean Missionary Association:
was charged with misapplying the
funds; exhorted aud lectured the
negroes ; successfully led iu n
street light between negroes niid
soldiers in Darlington, S. C. ; rc-
eeiveu apoin &2,unv irom me
tiuiial Republican Executive com
mittee, to be distributed for elec
tioneering purposes in South Car
olina ; admitted that he appropri
ated a greater part of the money
for his own nse to compensate
himself for his services while on
tlio stump ; charged the negroes
who voted for him ten cents each
for the ballots received; got to
Congress and slid the cadctship,
and is now up for another trip to
the national capital
near the Halle an Hie. several corn
dealers were assembled about live
o'clock tho evening before lust,
whi n a well dressed individual en
ti led and seated himself beside
one ofthein. Aftera time the strnu
g.-r made a sudden movement, by
wh'ii-b be raised bis I)cbbh
arm. lie lustmiiiv apologized,
but tho other suspected something
wrong. aiKt upon examination
missing a pocket-book, licensee
the other of having taking It.
The stronger indignantly denied
the fact, but was, however, taken
to the station, where nothing was
found on bim. He til Hist gave
the name of Vnsseur, but nt length,
perceiving that he was recognized,
lie admitted that he was .really
Polack. a w ell known thief. Short
ly after the missing article was dis
covered but without two hundred
francs which it contained under
the seat he hail occupied ut the
Cafe. The prisoner's career had
been a most eventful one. He is a
desperate gambler, and visits the
watering places during the sum
mer. In 18'(i, be won 2."U,000
francs ut linden. To the resources
furnished by play, he adds those
arising from a marvelous dexterity
iu picking Mickets. He frequently
exercised his industry in railway
carriages, and often, when he hail
once obtained possession of his
booty, he iM'iied the door and
sprang out on the line while the
train was in full motion. How
ever, on one occasion, iu dwtng so
in America, he broke his leg, which
was amputated. He had the lost
member replaced by a cork one, so
admirably constructed that few
could perceive the ditferenee. In
the early part of this year he was
arrested, and. its lie was wounded,
he was sent to the hospital ;
whence, notwithstanding his artifi
cial limb, he managed to make his
escape. He has lately been occu
pying a handsome apartment in
the Rue Castiglioiic.
A Goon Wife. All who have
experienced the happiness of mar
ried life will acknowledge the beau
ty of the following sentiment of
Daniel Webster ol course con
finned baehlors have m more con
ception of 'appreciation of it than
the blind have o the beauties of
nature: "There is nothing upon
this earth can compare with Un
faithful attachment of a wile: no
creature, who for the object of her
love, is so indoiiiitahle.so persever
ing, ho ready to sutler and die,
I'lider the most depressing circum
stances, woman's weakness be
comes n mighty iwwer, her timidi
ty becomes fearless courage, nil
her slcriuking and sinking pusses
away, mid her spirit acquires the
firmness of marble adamantine
llrmness-whcn circumstances drive
her to put forth her energies on
der the inspiration of her affec
In Ohio girl of 15 has expe
rienced matrimony, desertion, and
divorce in Indiana all la three
the Chlckasa bayou and attain the
ridge at Sainuol lisrris' by Hie use
of a fllty-tliree feet gradient.
Thence to an Intersection with tha
main Dentou rottd, distant 4 00
miles from Vicksburg, where we
obtain a more modoratu grade.
Passing through the southern
portion of the plantation of T. A.
Marshall, and aoout one thousand
feet north of the resldonco ut 8. W.
Cowan, maitiluiuing a comparative
ly easy grade, wo cross to the ridge
Immediately east of Cowau's, and
lollow It iu a direct line to its ter
mination near Clear creek, from
this point tho preliminary traverse
was continued up the vsllcy of the
main stream to Its middle north
easterly fork, which was followed
tin to its heading at a narrow ridge
wliicu divnlos the headwaters or
this creek from those of Little
Hear creek. A careful examination
of 1 ho ridge which separates the
sources of these two streams, Indi
cates the fact that It is more de
pressed in elevation and less in
traiisvcfse section at the point of
line crossing, than at any other
within the dlstauco of five miles
northward or southward. This
point of location is at McCalls, the
juuuuuu ui mo iwo wain uiguways
ot travel in thnt immediate septlon
of country, subsequent exainlna'
tion of the ridat route to this noint
his Induced (be location upon it, as
Demif snorter, navinir less ourwi
Hon, and requiring but little addl
tional expeuse.
1 be ridicc crossed, we pass alonir
the valley of Llttlo Bear Creek; a
tributary or tho Ilia Hear: which
latter empties iuto the Big Black
river. The bottom lauds of this
stream vary from one quarter to
one nan mne in width. They pre
sented evidences of good culture
and productiveness. The bluff
bills which bound the southern
lino, show, Iu their den udated state
au abuudauco of argillaceous sand
stone aud traces of ferrugiuious
Reaching the Big Bear Crcok and
crossing the valley beyoud, we as
cended tne dividing ridge between
this stream aud Big Black river.
Had we continued down the vallev.
with the view of reaching the river
by an easy and Inexpensive grade,
regsruiess or locality or inti
tude, we should have accom
Elisbcd this immediate purpose;
ut it must be observed that this
location would have approached
wlthiu six miles of the line of
the Vicksburc and Meridian rail
road, aud in order to a crossing of
tne river at a point involving short
trcsue oridgmg, the una would
have beeu thrown to the north
ward, followlni un the vallev to
&..ovii$ ivil JIIIIUO UJ1ICV.
lhlspoiutls evidently more e l
glblo for a railroad crossing, ex
cepting iirldgeport, than any to be
round tor thirty miles above the
bridgoof the Vicksburg aud Me
ridian road. Considerations to be
hereinafter noticed, determined the
location of the routo up the west
ern bottom of Big Black near to
tho south western comer of Mad
ison county.
Tho line was therefore continued
from the fool of the valley of Little
Hear Creek lo tho dividing ridge
near tho river with the view of dis
covering a favorable dosceut Iuto
the river bottom. Tho first prelimi
nary line showed the true cross
section of tho ridge, as at a right
auijlo to its longitudinal conrso,
developing a suddenness of de
scent which precluded the estab
lishment of a grade which would
fulfil tho conditions of reasonable
cxpeudituro of money aud profita
ble transportation.
Xcarly a weeks time was cou
snmcd in the running of trial lines
for a convenient approach to the
river; tho comparative elevations
of a large area being thereby ad
ded to the topograplcal field notes,
when a location was nnally fixed
by a line having for its grado sup
port the western siopo or tne ridge,
advantage being taken of the
heads of contiguous hollows. In
descending into the bottom we
were aided by similar natural ad
vantages to those which secured the
Continuing p the valley, along
Walker. Meade aud llunly. At
about the upper Hue of the latter
dIsco we curve tceutly to the riitht.
and passing through the lands of
Uiobs and Moore, cross ,me ,uig
Black river into Madisou county
near Scott's ferry. It was originally
designed to effect a crossing of the
river at a point known as the
Mounds, about one and a half
miles further op. Reliable ..In
formation ludicates these mouuds
as sustaining with- the river
. ... T. . .11,'.- 'ah' Ii.a1a.aA
aim lue UJUiu nuc, u i'vuiiou
position ; and, owing to this and
tho water being at a high stage, aud
bavin no laoiutles for a recounois-
ance alonE the western bank, wo
could only observe the bills ou the
eastern side. Almost directly oppo
site the mounds the hill borders
bluff on the river. Thongh we hsve
not the uatural help of a bill cross
Inif at Scott's ferry, ret the advan
tftge of prolonging the line for the
distanco of oue and one-half miles
is problematical. ;
The enure swamp (iresutj line
at Scott's ferry crossing will tie oue
mile lu length and ot an average
he iihl of seven teet, rrom wnicn
the comparative cost ot mis ana me
pxii'iidi'd line can be readily de
duced. When the water shall have
recoded, the iroslug will admit of
a more convenient and rename in
snoot Ion,
The route on passing through the
Big ' Black Bottom in Madison,
strikes' iuto the foot of a valley
borderlng tho noun side or tne
Vernon road continues through
tho lands of Hartsook and Keardon
on a gentle grade; thence up the
valley of Burnt-corn creek, leaving
the town of Vernon about one half
mile to the south. Passlug through
the plantations ol Kerney aud
Thomas, we asceud the ridse at
Jlggctt's, with a grade of forty-two
feet, rrom which, wan a gradient
of about twenty-five feet, we de
scended into the Persimmon bayou
bottom, pasting about oue thousand
feet south of the plantation quarters
of Gen. Graves. Crossing the flats
of the Persimmon, we found, with
out deflecting the Hue, an easy out
let by way of the hollow at the foot
of the northern slope of the hill on
which are located the quarters of
John Robinson's Sycamore place.
Through this, sad the fields of
Smith, Ludlow, Mrs. Brown, Dea
son and Dluklns, with a gradient
of thirty feet, we reached, the
Panther creek bottom. Crossing
this In the distance of one thousand
feet, aud taking advautage of a
wide hollow coming in from the
east, we passed soutn or the resi
dence of Mrs. Parsons, crossing the
Canton aud Bcatty's Bluff road
about midway between Leonard's
and Briscoe's, and striking Bear
creek eight hundred feet south of
the bridge.
Ail the creeks crossed on the sur
vey are of an inconsiderable magni
tude. This, last meutioued, is
greater in cross section than any
other, t roni this point, in the dis
tanco of 1.20 miles, we intersected
the line of the Mississippi Central
Railroad at the city of Canton.
Tho open bottom lands of Big
Black, in Yazoo county, are similnr
to thoso In Warrcu, though much
wider. The cypress brakes will
afford au abundance of timber for
cross tie and other purposes. The
line In Madisou passes through
opeu fields, bordered by thin
patches of wood. The lands, though
formerly very productive, have
suffered from an exhaustive culti
vation. They have a gently undu
lating feature aud admirable drainage
'.ho proprietors of lands along
the lino of survey expressed a deci
ded interest iu lbs . building of a
road, and when toe matter is prop
erly presented to them, there cue
be no doubt of their promptness
and liberality In a subscrlptiou to
stock both in lands and money.
The pcople'livlng East of the Big
Black can readily avat Hierasslves
of the line as located by the nse of
ferries, or two light trestle bridges
that mar be built si such points on
the river as will bsatoonvenlentdis-
tances from stations. These bridges
might be built, through the etui
blued effort of the planters, at but
Average cost per mile (53 miles,
Including -two mile sidings),
$2M'-o 78. . ,
" In concluding this report. It will
not be Irrelevant to notice the cost
of s more direct, or air-iine, be
tween Vicksburg aud Canton,--' "
Theoretically, the distance would
be 62.50 miles, and the line would!
cross the Big Black river, at orncar
Birdsonir's. fcrrr. This point of
crossing, as bastatready bceu ob
served- la eminently uvoi-sme, auo
distant,, by an air-line, llXH miles
from Vicksburg fctuouga only to
be reached, at the least expenditure
by following the line as located
this Survey a distance ot u 14
miles.' Tbat portion or the una
which would dus through tha
county of Hinds, won Id measure
9 miles lu length. The topography
of that section ' or tba 'county
through which ah- dir-hn$ would
pass is as unravorauio tor ranro&a
purposes as lliat developed by the
Warren bills The water course
have, generally, a north westerly,
tendency; and as those are unmls
takeaule indexes of the topography!
of a country, it must .be evident,
that the Hue upon this route wouiti
be forced to elevated crossings, or,
the equally unfavorable alternative,
of heavy excavations- in , tho hill
. t . . . I . ! .. . . I. 1 .1 Ivawa In Ktt
IUM Shirk lUVIUf. HVIUU.uaiv tM u
adopted. , V. : , , , .,-.
Assuming tbat the ... natural,
obstacle, which, would be
encountered lu - the running, ,
of a more a direct line,.. ..would
compel a divergence from a strtcU
ly air line, to the amount of two
miles, we should have the advan
tage of shortness on the direct
route over that as located up the
valley, by 1.70 miles. t This advan.
tage, however, Is gained at the ex
pense or steep grauet ana snarp
curvature. . Ills certainly evident'
that in choosing the best direction
for a line, the rate of inclination
which can be obtained, with a,
moderate outlay iu cuttings and
mbaukmeau, is a consideration of
greater importance iliaa tha,, mere
maintaining of a direct liu ... tfo
thouiih the- measured length' of ft
circuitous route may be 'considera
bly greater than the length of a di
rect line, yet If the Inclinations in
the former cave era much more fa
vorable than those In ths latter; it is
evident that more may be gained lit
speed, with the snme expenditure
of power, than Is lost by the In
crease or distance.,, A carciul cal
culation of the comparative cost of
the two routes shows a consider
pie excess of. expenditure in the
construction of the air-lint. It is
then simply a question of perma
nent maintainauce-. of the extra
length of the longer line , ,1
Itcannot be regarded as au unim
portant consideration that the val
iey line will develope a very lucre
tive trade, which would continue
Insccessable bv the air-line. Th
abundant products of the valley, at
a general thing, now find a market
In the towns along the Yszoo river.
The latter line. f'sl crossing tha
nig Black river,, and traversing
Hliids codnty for nine miles, would
be within nine miles of the Vlcks-
bnrgaud Meridian m'JfJid.'' ,
As tasr llae rrom V tcKsuurg w
Canton has a necessary connection
with that from .Canton via Aber
deen to Decatur, Alfbttms, I have
subjoined to this the estimated cost
of the latter limy as obtained from
the report , of Mai. B. U. Green.
Chief Engineer: .:'-- 1 ' ,
. Length of Hue from. Canton to
Aberdeen, 12'2 miles, v .
GrulQittoa Httonrv. Brldns.
. ' ...S1.400.SO
Iron mil, Cblllu.BptkMiuHl turn
out trom 1
Lanni iraek, iaclodlnc eras- -
' m, rjtjm
BillMllDg trark wllh iil, It
wilt una yielding portions of
rot bed , hi,'s
I.tnd, Lanildimaicinnil Foins.. Va,ut
llepul uulliln, Macaino stout ,
tud Way Suilon., , . lyOJS
EDgineehn. -sonting-racea aa-l
general ottea expcn.n 15:.30J
... .. t,iMie
DeJuct raiu ol work standing .... svl.uuv
Cost ol Anlthlag lection ,.. W4
Length of lino from Aberdeen to
Decatur, about 120 rol!-estiraa
ted cost, $3,510,000. . ,
Mr. F. Boylan, a surveyor, and
Mr. McNutt Psxioii, as leveller.con
ducted the instrumental operations
lu the field. 1 'i'o both these gentle
man my acknowledgments are due
forfaited discharge of the duties
assigned them. - .
Respectfully submitted, 1
' . Jaatss M. 8r.bi.ks.
Chief Euiiuecr.'
At the fashiocnWo Hotel de
Ville ball, in Pari?, it b e .'a:aul
that the ladles fr s i.t r. -te 1,500
pounds of file .
Frs'K --o r"
tVr'r t ')
- ih.'.dna 1 1

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