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Vicksburg weekly herald. (Vicksburg, Miss.) 1868-1883, June 18, 1870, Image 2

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VlCJliUKlf WEEKLY HERALD, SATURDAY, JUNE 13, 170.
l: zzz: ld
, j i3 ism
. S WHIP.
'Jws. city
tlcsof its party with
r .aes
,4 correctness
Stt&CtrLsl itt-piaiag to these who
talcr It to have been, but
fcw short month aine a eoaTert
t tl-e principle of nder the
taU'S of Eunocraey. Ths ap
ysaJai of ths demagogue to the
prejudices and passions of man
kliil never ereat. other effect in
&a Riod. of reflecting than
tlat of disgust, and intelligence
wHI is' time correct the watimenu
of th masses. Reason, cause, ar
gumgnt are 'tSe true and legiti-
mate, a well M the most effective
fevers to apply. Radicalism be
fog' totally devoid of these
weapon against fallacy and im
parity; mailt of neceetitj have re
conrceto appeals to the passion.
Ilia an apparent fact that there U
nothing more galling to the sengi
tive mind than the feeling of being
Whipped or coerced into a defined
Baa of action. Hence, when
Democratic Journal has the cour
age to perform m It should, the
tiga duUci'entroated to it and
bold - np to the criticism of ita
party, the Radical Journal! in
ataatly take their cue and raise a
howl about "Democracy cracking
the patty whip over the shoulder
Of refractory member,? Thus it
is with the Timea and Republican.
We reprobate ' the practice in
duJged i by certain member of
the Democratic party here, of pat
ronizlng the Radical journal and
passing by their own party organ.
we stats aa a point in fact that
there are eleven firm in this city
panning this course, end we have
no doubt that other points will
make' a- proportionate exhibit
The impropriety of the thing of
itself i plain to, every one, and
the constant 'appearance , to the
general reader,:-of the firm
card ' In ; the-' ' Radical Jour
nal jad,., its '.' non-appearance
in the columns of the party organ,
is to the reflecting mind singularly
suggestive, and we doubt not
many good Democrats, who ob-
tame conclusion as that so boldly
and nnbiushingly declared by the
Jackson Pilot Says that paper :
"The advertising business of
the press is being rapidly trans
ferred from the Democratic papers
to- the "Republican, and after the
adrcrttsing, our contemporary
may rest assured will follow in
due course the advebtisebs."
Thus it is the Radicals are be
ginning to enumerate already this
list of political patrons as mem'
bora, of their political organizn
tion. If such is the conviction of
the Radical partyywbat must be
the -impression "of the solicitous
Democrat, who hopes for redump
tion from outrage- and wrong
through the purity, integrity and
strength of the Demoeraiio organ
ization? These lip Democrats and heart
Eiadicale need s severer applica
tion Of the party lash. Let them
define their position. Let them
practice what they preach, or
preach wbt they practice. If
they pay their money for the sup
port and maintenance of Radical
ism, why "do they not support
h. opon u high moral grounds,
if such ' can be established in
behalf of such party. These
Street protestations of fealty to
party, and pecuniary support to
the Opposition, 'may win with
those who do not observe, who
do not watch the course of events;
but this is an epoch in the history
of this -"land of the free and the
home of the brave,", where op
pression,,. cruelty,, injustice, and
outrage makes us close observers
of each other. There is that nat
ural feeling of distrust which a
always the prevailing sentiment
wi Is the tyranized and oppressed.
' The party lash should be ap
plied acd applied without mercy.
The'!mi"-nb!e time and party
servers of Vh dny are the cause of
the mmj greivf.Bees under which
we suJor. The , r'y should weed
out all this cla--. t t them go
directly over to tL ;y. . The
, Pilot says ,they w wva come,
and then the true patriot of the
kill, united in ft common ca'u-e
npoa a connuoa platform cm W
lor ' int d-Tjfof being mi
-ti..
.
a-
i t y weas . ana enma
'i-s such as croakers
" time servers and
i , ''rs-aJsvn-
1 , tLe !.. 'L I'd
edict go forth. L , tl;at s not
witi us fet h ha b tsiaft
Crack the lath and f art H not
If men prefer the brutish embraces
of Eadicsiism to th purity of De
mocracy lit them be wedded to it
forever, but kt the world know it.
Come out in the broad opea day
light and skulk not about under
cover of darkness and deception.
This ia the lash to crack and these
are the victims npon whom to use
it Crack it over the shoulders of
the time servers and those who
essay to carry water on both
shoulder.
But, as regards this matter of
patronizing Radical journals and
a failure to patronize Democratic
journals wt do sot put the same
construction upon the conduct of
Democrats addicted to this prac
tice as does the Jackson Pilot.
We do not think that the adver
tiser will soon follow the "adver
tising Intotlje folds of the Radical
party. "We aresatUtied that many
who do this have never thought ot
the important bearing which thei.
conduct exercises upon the poli
tics of the State. While we hope
by these references to direct their
attention to the true effects which
must follow, we would also desire
them to think of the iniquitous
meant by which they are forced to
support Radical journals in the
State. Talk about the crackln g oi
party whips, what is it to the goad
applied to white Democrats by
negro Radicals? There are in the
State not three self-supporting
Radical Journals. Yet see with
what extraordinary luxuriance
they hare recently sprouted into
existence. Every village- and
hamlet Is now cursed by the pre
ence of the " Loyal Leaguer," which
has not a dozen subscribers nor a
hat full of type, but which hopes u
secure a forced support from the
people under that clause of the
Constitution which provide
that one or more hyul
papers (are there any disloyal
papers?) in each judicial district
shall be selected to do the district
printing. The people arc not
allowed '.by Endical rulo ta send
their advertisement to a Demo
cratic Journal. It strikes us that
this is about the most effective
cracking of party whips that has
y . Vmvu LlttijpirtcJ. When
Democrats 'remember that the
Radical party in this State consist
solely of the negroes and a few
corrupt white men, none of whom
pay any taxes, leaving all the bur-
dons of supporting the govern
ment to rest npon the shoulders of
the white Democrats, such a feel
ing of indignation should be
aroused within ,thcm, that they
should prefer to see their business
wither and perish away rather than
give a dollar to such unblushing
plunderers.
Thebs never was more tru h em
bodied in s whole volume thau is
contained in the following lenttncc :
"To be Queen of Hearu, a wouun
need only be sympathetic, teuder
sou-voiced, witu laith, nope ami
charity templed iu her icul. Altn
tee enouich of the dark and tem
pest nons side of life in their daily
existence; their homes thould Ve
brines wherein to gather new
strength and recognize holler type ;
their wives thould he "in the world,
not of it I" It Is not necesaary for
a woman to ttaod alone, defy-In;
the world. There-are suffiuieut
strong srmt to fight the battle for
ner. Merstrengtn net m the very
weaknett of her slighter nature and
more delicate frame, tad the charm.
subtile and ture, of a feminine man
ner Is more potent tpell tcau ever
enchanter wove I
A Tbibltk to thb Socth. The
South bat two noble characteristics
which, left to their natural work
ing in society, are enough in tiiem-
selves to lift communities from auy
depth of disaster and set them on
the highway of renown, the ha?
a brave way of looking facts full iu
the face, admitting the truth, com
prehending the extent of a diatcr
at a preliminary to fresh enterprise
This she honestly came by through
the blood of the men who two hun
dred years ago felled tlie origiual
oaks and piues on the hanks ot the
Potomac, the James, the Koanoke
and the Savannah. Second, the
crowning occupation to which
every good Southrou aspires, the
noblest, purest, mot honest and
permanent voeatlon for man is in
his opinion that of a tiller of the
toll. Given these at premises iu
any society, and no disaetert can
prove irretrievable. Horace Gree
ley. Hlkiocs Accident. On Mon
day morning hut, Dr. Peevy,
while standing on the switch wait
ing for the train going west on
the Memphis and Charleston Rail
road to pass, was fun over by the
sleeping car, : wnich 1( usually un
coupled some distance from the
th pot and allowed to run on the
"witua by its own momentum. The
" i'.'r was severely bruised, and
,f LI ri below the knee so
cr-!
nr.--
llu,
'ed ;- to- make amputation
"r; tCoricth Kewa, Jane
f-ACT Of- THE SISI .ni BBER
Yesterday ws published some
extracts from the- World relative
to the barbarities and atrocities
practiced ia the Wirz trial. It at
tracted the attention of a gentle
man who relates to us the follow
ing additional facts:
After Wirz had been executed
as the world now knows, upon per
jured testimony, to satisfy the in-
satoate craving for blood which
at that time actuated the domi
nant party of the nation his body
was stripped and placed opon a
table for dissection. Around it
were gathered several surgeons,
with instruments spread before
them, and with white aprons upon
them, and then a photograph was
taken of the spectacle, that the
undying infamy of the nation
mij:bt be exhibited to coining ages.
Ana ttese medical tools, parties.
to this butchery, had linked
themselves with it as insepcrablc
participant in the creates, sticma
( whilst fhfirrrefi 4f tlio nrr-am
of a nation whose record for out
rage and cruelty is blacker than
that of the most diabolical of mod
ern despotisms. The heart of the
murdered victim was then cut out
and placed in a glass cat" and put
upon exhibition in the old State
House.admission twenty-five cent?.
There it was exhibited benetth
the shadow of the Capitol which
was supposed to be the abode of
the purity, the patriotism, the
mercy, the greatness and the
granduer of a political structure
upon which it is urged even the
angels frr.m their great heights of
beatific happiness delight to gaze
and flitting away from God and
Truth and Purity, love to sweep
gently down upon and hover
about it, r.uge'ic guardians and
monitors of the nations sentinels.
A contemplation of this national
outrage would suggest the con
templating that humanity here
had assumed another aspect ac-.l
Inculcated different teachings.
The idea '.hut a powerful, lU-h and
prosperous nation should w:tak
its vengeance against a poor an.l
defenceless man, and then subject
the life bereft body to such indig
nities. The wild and savage un
tutored In Una of the plains would
shrink f.-uin such puerile ven
geance. Yet, the Auicucan
nation, boasting of liberty and
justice, of refinement, purity and
christian sentiment, stretching out
its arms and calling to the op.
pressed of every clime to .seek
here peace and protection, i-ould
to satify a brutal bate puivbane
testimony to justify the murder of
an innocent aud defenseless man,
and then pluck his heart f.om bis
quivering side, and beneath the
shadow of the cnpi-.ol, wi'.hin the
sound of the voic es of the nation's
law makers, submit !t to the rude
and Insulting gaze of th? vile and
morbidly curious rabble fi.r
twenty-five cents a h'.ad. T:;lk of
brutal deeds; talk of atrocities:
talk of impotent rage there arc
none to compare with this, And
where's the national stigma to.efjual
it ? What refined and pure Ameri
can whose cheek does not burn
with the blush of shame, when j
charged with this Inhuman, savage
atrccitv.
It it besides a matter of record
that the man whom it was sworn
Wirz shot and killed In Andcr
sonville prison, was. at that time
more than one hundred and fifty
miles distant, and had not been
seen by Wirz. Holt nnd Stanton
are the murderers.
Th nasi Beautiful IKn.
I recollect that once there was a
depute between thr.e iadies, which
had '.he most beaulitul hand. One
at by a stream and dlnpeJ her
hand intohe water, and held It up;
another jlacked strawberries until
the ends of her fingers were pink ;
aud the third gathered violets until
her bauds were tiagrwit. An old
haggard woman pttsiug by, Hiked,
"Who will ijive me a ilt, for I toi
poor?" All three deuied her, bu.
another wliO sat near, unwashed
in the streim, unstained with fruit,
unadorned with flowers, g.-ive here
little gift aud satisfied the poor
woman. Aud then she ked them
what wat the dispute ; aud they
told her, and lifted up before ber
their beautiful hands "Beautiful
indeed," skid the, when she taw
them; but when they aked her
which was the most besntiful. thn
said. "It it not the hand that Is
washed clean ia the brook ;lt It not
the hand that it tinned !) ri .
It is uot the hand garlanded with
iragrant nowers;but it is the hand
that gives to the poor which it the
most beautiful band." At she taid
these words, her wrinkles fled ; her
staff was. thrown twav. mri thn
ttood before them an - angel from
besven, with authority to decide
the question in dispute.
One hundred women : are now
preparing themselves for admis
sion to the bar In the United States.
WSH IB WE T HAVE A
S. LECTIO I
For what length, of lime wore
the present civil officers and the
Legislature of Mississippi elected?
If we understand the matter
aright, they were elected by vir
tue of the Reconstruction Acts,
and not by authority of, or under
the provisions of the State Con
stitution.
Congress, in the passage of the
Reconstruction Acts, had in effect
declared the Southern States Ter
ritories, and not States. If they
were States, then they bad the
right to elect their own officers.
This they were not permitted to
do, and were thus practically, ac
cording to Congressional dictum,
Territories. Congress had de
manded the ratification of the
Fifteenth Amendment as a condi
tion pitecdent to admission. It
required a Legislature to do this.
Hence a territorial Legislature for
Mississippi was required by the
acts of Congress, and the Legisla
ture thus elected was the Legisla
ture of the Territory created by
the Reconstruction Acts, and was
not the Legislature of the State,
crented in accordance with the
Constitution of the State, which
became operative so soon as Mis
sissippi, by Congress and the Ad
ministration, was recognized as a
State. This being true, the elec
tions last November set up simply
a provisional government for the
Territory of Mississippi, whose
term of oltice expired with the de
struction of the authority the Re
construction Acts which created
this provisional government. This
provisional government then, hav
ing no authority derived from the
State Constitution since it did
not derive its existence from it
to execute any ofticial nets, could
only order an election in conformi
ty v.-itluhe provisions of the State
Constitution. This power and
authority it derived from the rul
ings of tho Courts which have
declared that there can be no in
teirexnum ia Government. The
same principlo for the enforce
raeut of law nnd the protection
citizens would require also that all
provisional otficers should con
tinue in the exercise of their olli
cial functions until their succes
sors were e'-ccea and quniilied ao
cording to law. But this princi
ple would only hold good so far as
it applied to tho judicial and ex
ecutive branches of Govcrmncut,
The Provisional Legislature bad
performed its last legal act when
it bad ratified the Fifti-entb
Amendment and elected United
States Senators. From that time
the acts of tho Legislature In this
State have been without, sanction
of law.
C:m any mnn tell when an elec
tion will occur? If this Is the
Legislature of the Statu of Mis
sissippi, for what time was itclec
ted? Iid the Reconstruction Acts
under which it was elected declare
It certainly will not be claimed
that it was elected under the State
Constitution, for at that time ac
cording- to Iiadicnl dosima the
State was not a State, sn I had no
Constitution. Then, if it was
elected under other authority, if
that authority was silent as to the
period upon which it was elected,
its term of oftlcc expired with the
expiration of the authority from
which it derived its existence.
the .nccHASis.n or .hax.
Wonders at home bv l'amiliaritv
cease to excite asioiiihiiieut; but
hence it b.'ijqx'ii that many know
so little about the "house we live
ia" the human body. We look
upon a house lVom the outside just
a a whole or unit, never thinking
ol the many rooms, tbe curious
passages, and the ing'uiious inter
nal arrangements of the house, or
of the wonderful structure of the
man, tlie harmony and adaptation
of all the parts.
In the human skeleton, about
the time of maturity, are IGj
bones.. The muf les are about
r)00 in number. The alimentary
csual is about .12 feet long. The
amount of blood in uu adult aver
ages thirty pounds, or one-fifth of
tue centre weight.
The heart is six inches in length
and four inches in diameter, and
beats 70 times per minute; 4,200
times per hour; lOO.bOO per dnv;
36,772,200 per year; and 2,605,
440,000 in three score and ten ;
ant at each bent three and a half
ounces of blood is thrown out of
it; 175 ounce per minute; 656
pounds per hour ; 7 3-4 tons per
day. All the blood in the body
passes through the heart in three
minutes.
The lungs will contain about 1
gallon of air at the nsual degree of
inflation. We. breathe, on an
average, 1.200 times per hour; in
hale 600 gallons Of air, or 24",000
gallons per day. The aggregate
surface of the air cells of the lungs
exceeds 20,000 square inches, an
area very nearly equal to the floor
of a room twelve feet square.
The average weight of the brain
of an adult male is three pounds
and eight ounces; of a female,
two pound and four ounces. The
nerves are all connected with it,
directly or by the spinal marrow.
These nerves, together with tbelr
branches and minute ramifications,
probably exceed 10,000,000 in nnm
ber.forming the "body guard,"out
numberiug by far tbe greatest
army that ever was marshalled.
The skin is composed of three
layers, and varie from one-fourth
to one-eighth of an inch in thick
ness. Its average area in an adult
l estimated to be 2,000 amiare
inches. The atmospheric pressure
being about fourteen pounds to the
square inch, a person of medium
size hi subjected to a pressure of
40,000 pounds, .
Each square inch of skin con
tains 3,500 swertinz tubes or per-
spiratory pores, each of which
may be likened to a little draintile
one-fourth of an inch loiiir, mak
lug an aggregate length of tho
entire surluce of the body of 2UI,
100 icct, or a ditch for draining
the body almost forty milps long.
Man is made inarvelously. Who
is eager to investigate the curious,
to witness the wonderful works of
Omnipotent Wisdom, let bim not
wander the wide world round to
seek them, but examine himself.
"The proper study of mankind is
man. -
A THUILLIMU STORY.
Tblruew Bravo I'ivs
flaaaw t'arrlra Tr the rail
f la Yellawdaa.
A correspondent of the Helena
(Montana) Herald thus describes
'a tbrilluiz scene on the lellow-
stone river: After nearly three
hours' sharp riding wc came upon
the band, and in such a manner
a to cause us some surprine,
about midway in the stream, where
could be seen a hastily constructed
raft, composed of driftwood joined
together bv thouys made of buck
skin and butlalu robes. Upon this
strange craft were seen in the
center thirteen braves, while live
itquaws were essaying to paddle
the unwieldly craft to the opposite
shore, with pieces of bark as sub
stitutes for paddles. Onr pack
horses were in the river, as also
were tho Indian ponies. Four of
the lultcr leached the opposite.
shore.
This strange sight luirstirg
upon our view rendered us, for the
time bein;;. incapable of action.
At a glance wc could sec that they
were gradually going down stream
despite the efforts of the squaws,
and although our senses for the
moment forsook us, the sharp
crack of a rille and the yell of a
'sheep-eater" told that the equa
nimity of our Crow guide was
well presi-rved. At this juncture
l'iene llernard shouted out, "For
God's sake boys, don't murder
them; they are bouud to go over
the falls." Wc looked, and n siulit
met our jrnzc which was fearfully
impressive.
The r;dt having been caught in
un eddy, no vestige of it was to
bu seen, it having stink several
inches below the surface, aud the
Jndiuns seemed to be like so many
weiru spiriis flouting on the rush
ing waters. Oncol the Indians
rose, and bending his bow shot
our Crow through the arm. The
shot was returned, ami a;:iiu
yell of pain was heard proceeding
from a "sheep-cuter.'' lk'inard
then told the Crow, iu his own dia
lect, to stop firiii'', but he nnid no
attention to the command. Agtiin
he raised his ritle, but a lariat
killfullv thrown by Pierre held
him fast. The scene now present
ed was one which those who wit
nessed will uot forget to their
lying day.
The mid channel in which thev
were now swiftlv ulidtng down.
seemed to he clear of obstructions
while on either side iagaed rocks
peered out lroin tue foaming wa
ter. When about fifty yards be
low wucre we were stunning, an
old Indian arose ami stood erect
in the centre of a circle of braves
He spoke u few words, turned his
face toward the sun. and si-euiiLirlv
Dane it larewell; then wrapping
ins roue around him. he snt down.
lhe suuuws immediately llunsr
tneir pieces oi hark into the river,
threw themselves on the sub
merged raft, and commenced pull
ing out their long tresses, in the
meantime screaming and howling
more like demons than human be
ings.
juuinns seated in the circle
shook hands and then commenced
wailing their alwnys mournful
death sonjr. Neurcr, nearer, thev
npprouched tho fearful abyss; still
not a movement was perceptible
on the part ol the braves. Thev
sat as immovable as statues, and
did not quuke with fear at the ap
proach of tho King of Terrors.
As they shot swiftly dowii the
stream, our party instinctively
raised our hats while looking at
them, ana I doubt if there was
one, except the Crow, who did not
show signs or visible cmotiou.
Tm Radical Mikaqebik must
bays Escaped pbom tus Kiipibs -The
Jackson Filot of the 14th Inst.,
says : " Night was made hideout by
tbe mott unearthly cries, howls and
screeches as though all the imps of
dark nets were let loots at Spen-
glers corner between the honrs of
twelve and one o'clock this morn
ing." ; - . -
THE FARM.
THE USES Of JVTK.
A few words may be of interest
regarding the new staple, jute,
which the Commissioner of Agri
culture is desirous of introducing
into the South, for which end he
will distribute, the seed gratuit
ously upon application.
In tbe report of the State De
partment for 18GS will be found an
interesting article upon jute, and
ita manufacture, and thence we
have obtained much of our infor
mation. The plant is of tbe cochorut
order, nearly allied to hemp, and
has been hitherto grown almost
entirely in India, Where it is culti
vated on a large scale; and last
year the crop amounted to
aliout three hundred thousand
tons, valued at about 935,.
000,000. Of this crop, sixty-five
thousand tons were exported to
Great Britain alone; a large
amount was exported to tbe Uni
ted States ; and th balance manu
fuctured into gunny cloth, where
grown, for the covering of the
India cotton crop, and exportation
to this country aa cloth for our
cotton.
Besides its great value, as the
only material which can be used
profitably as covering for cotton
bales, It is of still more extensive
use now, in the shape of cheap
sucking, ropes, rugs and carpet
ings. Dundee is the place where
its manufacture is carried on to
the greatest extent ; and there are
manv large mills there which use
nothing but jute, in the place of
hemp. It is one of the most eas
ily dyed fibres known, and the
colors taken arc bright and beau
tiful ; but ns the fibre is closer
than flax or hemp, the dying pro
cess has to be some what com
plex, to make the coloring mate
rials thoroughly penetrate Uic
libre or fabric. , The very slightly
nature of jute, the regular, even
thread made from it, and the
smooth, thly appearance of the
cloth, combined with its great
cheapness, have served to recom
mend it to consumers, and to
bring it into more general use
year by year.
The South can raise enough
jute to supply the wants of this
country aud huroue; r.ud as it
can be laid dwu from our sec
tion in Dundee and JJew York
cheaper than from India, am
probably better prepared, It woul
not be many years, after our plan
tei t had taken hold of this staple
before wc should be the cre:i
rival of India in it, as we are now
iu cotton. The seed should be
planted about the same lime as
S irn, in moist laud, il possible
ami the plants will flower about
the tirst of August, The tops
snotna ne then cut on, lesvin
enough perfect plants for seed
and about a month Inter, the en
tire plants should bo cut to th
ground, from fifty to one handiei
put together in a bundle and
steeped in fresh wuter for about
week, when the bark will slip oil'
they are then treated iu the same
manner as hemp, and made road
for market. Diversity in agrica
ture is needful for the South, an
our planters siiouui do all in the
power to give this new staple
luir trial. It is an article in large
ucmumi, and will have a ready
sale at our own ports. Hum
luroiiniaii.
HOW TO MARK HENa PAY.
The question, - "Do hens pay?'
litis long sgo been settled. With
eggs at forty cents per dozen
there is no room to doubt tha:
they lj pay, and well, too. It be
comes then a mutter of sonu' iin
poitunce to know how to niuk
the in pay. I have hud a life-long
exM!iience in tin line, and will
venture un opinion, in the face of
the thousand and one already
given to me public, in my man
agement of fowls, I have labored
to relticc all "rules and "duec-
tious into one thuit, simple, and
comprehensive form. I give it be
low :
a coiniortniue. clean, well veil
tiluted, dry and airy bouse; a dry
and sunny range, free Irora any
disturbing mnueneos; access at
all times to clean water and plenty
of gravel; good and liberal feeding
twice u day, morning and night
goou nursing and curctul over
sight at all times; a careful sen
nrution of breeds ami roosters, or
a judicious crossing of breeds
plenty of nests for nil the hens
and an unceasing war against ver
min. these things, with no one
ot them lilt out, wilt timurc tue
vext, and constitute the sum nnd
substance of all the books ever
written upon this subject Attend
to these things, and you will find
that fowls, in proportion to capi
tai, pay better than any other
stock upon the farm, bloat at
ways command a rcadv sale, and
uiways sen at tneir lull value.
And a very important item would
oe taken nwny if fowls wcro en
entirely withdrawn from the mar
ket, lhcre is pleasure, there is
economy, there is money in this
business managed by tbe above
to m pie ruie. Try it. American
i-aruier.
A V It EAT COTTON PLANTATION
A letter from Tahiti to the San
Francisco Bulletin describes the
Plantation Soaret, which was
established by a company in the
year 1863, and is perhaps the most
beauuiui place in tbe Faciflc. It
it situated at tho base of a high
mountain, is three mile lone, and
varies from a quarter of mile to a
mile in width. There are three
road running tha full length of
the plantation, and four cross
roads, which are uniformcrly
planted on either side with ban
ana trees, forty feet high, all form
ing a delightful shade from the
tun, making eighteen miles of
beautiful carriage drive. ine
ttores, machine-shop and dwell
ings cover an area of twenty-two
acres. There is storeroom for at
least two or pcrhap three years'
cotton,) it is said in case of war.)
There are dwellings for 100 fami
lies, a good hotel, and building
for 2000 laborers. The manager's
mansion is the largest and best on
the island, and be bat beside a
fine cottage in tha mountain side
for use in the hot season. It re
quired the labor of 1,100 men for
four month to build the road to
this mountain retreat Tbe land
wa purchased from the natives
for 88,000, and titer are about
1,400 acres under cultivation, pro
ducing about 400,000 pounds of
cleaned cotton annually.
A tarlali'Tlr-tllle at
Ife-aata.
There is sn old boatman on the
Mississippi river, Capt Cow don by
name, who hat a pacsion for hunt
ing relict of boats and other valua
bles lost in tbe ' Father of waters."
He has, in bis adventure, discover
ed rara prizes, and the- Memphis
Appeal says hU last Is the discovery
of a boat which was probably nsed
by Doboto't crew when they sank
the corpse of their daring leader in
tho bosom of the Mississippi.
The Appeal, speaking of this event
lays:
While inspecting the water line
along tho tasieru ihore last Wed-
ucsday week, he discovered tbe bow
of a small copper-fattened vessel,
protruding Into the liver. Having
no tools, and traversing the river
in a narrow "dug-out," he could do
no more than make a critical exam
ination of the boat, and of the place
where It was discovered. He ob
served that trect from five to seven
feet in diameter grew immediately
above the buried boat, and that tbe
roots of tlieso gigautlc cypresses
were twined about the ancient vet
set. When boat siuk In tome lo
calities the current drives or lifts
them up au iucliued plane, and a
violent flood sometimes leaves them
above the river's surface on an is
Und or mud bar. It Is, howovor,
at above staled' generally trne that
ulands are created by sunken ves
sels heavily freighted, and having
iron machinery. The teinl-circn-lar
shapo ot thl boat, found last
Wednesday by Capt. Cowdou, its
high prow, lis dimeusious, twice
as great at thosu of a modern
yawl, Its copper fastening the
length of time it has rested be
ueaih the toil aud water at tbown
by the mighty trees that stand above
it ; tlieeo are ftcts which have exci
ted Capt. Cowdou' wonder to the
last degree. Who bad such Yes
telt on the MlttUtippi before tbote
great trect sprang into exit ence?
Three hundred ycart ago DeSoto't
body at midnight, was placed in a
vestel, a Spanish built vessel (?),
and sunk in the midst of the river.
Hit' soldiers feared that their Indian
enemies would assail them If it
were known that the great chieftain
wat no more. DeSoto, so the old
Spanish Chronicler, whose ttory is
reproduced Irving, tells ut, died
ne ir the mouth of the Arkansas,
and here Capt. Cowdou discovered
the boat which excited all these
surmise?. There is more than ver
isimilitude in this recital. Capt
Cowdou It in tha city.snd propose
at sn early day to return to the spot
where tho supposed Spanish ves
sel It buried. He hss agreed to
bring it to this city, and if he find
within it tho skeleton of the Hidal
go, will not the nsmoof John Cow
don and that of DeSoto be insepara
bly linked togoiher through all com
ing time? DeSoto dhcjvercd the
Mississippi, and became Immortal.
John Cowdon achieves infinitely
s greuter wonder in the discovery
of Dels to. Who doubts?
Conditios or Florida. A cor
reondcnt in Florida, writiug to
the Newark, New Jersey, Adver
tiser, says :
This Suite can scarcely be said
to hrve ever been properly settled
at all. One of the great States of
the Union in territorial extent,
with an area of 50,000 square
miles, nearly as large as the whole
of New England, its' population to
day scarcely exceeds 140,000
little more than the population of
the single city of Newark. Of its
J,W0,0U0 of acres, less than
3,000,000 have ever been set off
Into farms! And nearly the whole
of these are now in the maiket,
advertised by tax collectors for the
payment of taxes. I cannot learn
that there is a single planuitiou in
the State now under anything like
full cultivation. Alonn the whole
extent of St. John's river, for two
hundred milc, the most spacious
and beautiful tidewater on the con
tinent, I am told that there are
not a dozen cultivated farms, and
this comprises the richest and most
attractive regions of the State
ninetocn-tweulietb of which are
still covered with tho primeval
forests.
TXXAM, T"xiAT."rixAHIAK la
the discussion at the organization
of tho Texas Historical Society in
Houston, Judge Gray referred to
the above names of the inhabi
tants of Texas. In a history of
Texas written by I). B. Edwards,
and published bv James, in f.'in.
cinnati, lfctflJ, our people are uni
formly called Texasians. The
earlier editions of the Texas Al
manac called us Texians. whi. h
was the favorite orthography of
Gen. Houston. Gen. Lamar, how.
ever, always contended that from
the analogy of such words
Cuba, Cuban, America, American,
ours should be written Taxan.
The later editions of thn Almnn.
and Yoakam in his history writes
eiHu. icxan let it be.
Houston Telegraph. -

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