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Vicksburg weekly herald. (Vicksburg, Miss.) 1868-1883, June 25, 1870, Image 1

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VICKSBURG
WEEKJL i
.! 1 !
"t -
VJJL
VOL. V.
vigksburg; Mississippi, Saturday morning, june 25, isto.
.MM.
I ;
I:
THE WEEKLY HEBALD
orntUL jouskal or wabrex to.
asdutv or vicKSBcaa.
JASU m. IWOBOt, PaalUhar.
WM. B. trCABS, Ealtar.
DAJET SCBSCBUTJOHl
Oaa Tar, la Adruot, BIO 00
8 I Mtmtl-o, m 4Uruia,. I IW
vat Montn. is A.1rnc. 1 60
WEEKLY SUBSCRIPTIOSi
Om Ter, la Adrue SS M
SU Montat. la AUtuo i ID
SATURDAY, JUNE 18, 1370.
Wht it It? Why is it that city
scrip should sell for fifty ami sixty
cents ou the dollar when our reve
nues as a city arc as large as they
are aud uo debt of consequence
hanging orer us; mid when our tin
selfish audgcod Wharf and Har
bor Master buys them up at a
heavy discount and pays them over
to the city's treasury asci'h at par?
.The vlrv Latent. We hear a
good story told, in which the clever
and popular pasengcr conductor
od the Vickeburg nnd Merldiun
Railroad, Con. Shechau, E-fj., came
out first best. Upon fiio arrival of
the train at thit place yesterday, a
burly blusterer was violently ex
cited about some trivial mutter eon
nccted with his trunk, during which
the said conductor came in for a
share of "fleecing " The Irate indi
vidual at list met Mr. Ryan, ami
the following ensued :
Pas.-enueb (to conductor). "It is
a pity you were not made a jackass
instead of a conductor.''
Now, Cou is a proverbially cool
man, and not easily "dashed;" hut
this attack at first took 1.1m aback.
He rallied at once, an 1 towering up
majestically, said :
"Well, ir, it i a gicit mi-take
that iou weru't bom an elephant
instead o! a jaukuss, tor then you
could have tarried your trunk light
under your eyes."
Stranger sloped.
The Ji.ckoa Pilot notices the
arrest of Frank and Elijah Wood,
said to have killed a colored man
iu Attala county.
The same paper says the concert
of the Blind, at that place Wednes
day night was a line uflair, the sing
ing aud iiistruuicutal music being
excelleut.
The first cotton blooms we have
aeeu this season were from the
plantation ot Mr. K. J. Bruzclltif.
near Ashtou, Louisiana.
The Jackson l'ilot (Radical)
pronounces the execution of Mr.
Suratt a "judicial murder." What
fate is in store for the editor of
that Journal has not yet trans
pired. We hope, however, his
party will den! leniently with him.
The DryTortugasis at thisseasou
of the year no very agreeable
place of abode, a:id notwithstand
ing we have r.o political sympathy
fur the gentleman, in the cause of
humanity, we should much regret
in view of the early coming of
the yellow fever to see him font
to that arid and diseased spot. It
is true Lis party ha never shown
much leniency toward those with
whom it has dirlercd, and has con
signed for less o:lc:.se many as
good men to wear away their lives
upon this sterile and un
promising location. But sinte
it is a party of progress. v earn
estly im; !o : e that it est -nd some
mercy to the gentleman who lu.s
given utterance to this unsnarled
expression. Perm'.', him. Oh. thou
Custodian of the tin)!'!!; '.' tllC
lainl, to go lioe, in.wl.li ic'.1. ofi
justice this time, and he ,vl'.!
sin no more! Ken.cinb"' l.e is
but a child in tin wiles. : u-.i. mil
plans and pet phrases o! your
iiniuaeuliicy, and until he Las
.served a full probationary term,
must of necessity wander some
what from the btfite'.i tr.u!;.
It is stated that of '.he thou
sand live hundred colored vo'..;:
in Warren county, but li.'ty-two
have paid Slate or county ta.v-s
the present year. We understand
that a h.-is number than li fly -two
of the eighteen thousmd co'.oied
populniioii of Hinds lu.vc, thus
I ar in JN0, paid any portion n
the Stnto or county tax-'-. Ray
luond Gazette, June loll..
And yet the editor of tho Ga
zette deems it to be the duty 01
the people of Mississippi to sup
port a party that legislates solely
in the interest of this clans. Only
his sehailive stomach cannot brook
the name of Radicalism and he
denominates it the Alcorn party.
The way Alcorn Is twisted around
the fingers of his Senate, instead
of his being in the possession of
his party he Is the most abject
slave of one of the most despotic
partlei which has ever been known.
WANTS TO BE SECEST,
The editor of the Jackson Pilot,
we believe to be inately an honest
man, who has leased himself for a
consideration, to a loathsome polit
ical combination. There is no
doubt, to our mind, that he is nnu
seated beyond measure, but the
tank has been undertaken and ha
has decided to make the fliht on
that line, If in doing so, lit' is com
pelled to vomit up the heels of his
boots. We can see him, in Inin-
,'ination, standing iu the midst 0f
the fraud aud rotton corruption of
his party which surrounds him,
with thumband linger upon his nose
spasmodically gasing for breath,
yet heroically determined to do or
die. We pity tho tortures to which
such minds are subjected, and can
therefore fully appreciate tho situ
ation which induced him to write
as he did on the l-'ith inst., when
he called upon the Republican!! of
Mississippi -to take a lesson from
the ruin of Republicanism in Ten
niis-.ee and the disgrace of Repub
licanism In Louisiana.'' We can
fully appreciate the dainty nausea
which disturbed his sensitive
stomach, as he drank in from his
position of observation, the broad
and disgusting schemes of plunder,
fraud ami corruption to which the
party-r-which tho exigencies of
times have thrown him into is
addicted, and with what a wofully
wry face he earnestly counsels its
members as he does, not to he
me aifocted with the "political
distemper which takes the form of
a lobby : How like u reproving,
let a pleading political angel, he
warns his party of corrupt morals
ind vicious principles, that "men
'!' evii reputations are hung-
i:ig around the Legislature
like vultures.'' to win, forsooth,
the Radical members away
f:..m the path of rectitude and
honesty. How like a patriarch
of old he jmplores his coadjutors
gulphing down meanwhile the
rebellious contents of a dis
gusted stomach to be honest for
the party's sake. Yet he known
while he 'lo it ho is whistling
gainst the wind. It strikes us he
has gone iulo this party with the
cmceptiou that it is better to be
"king among dogs titan dog
iinong kings." He is evidently
surfeited already with the exhibi
tion of vice, deception, fraud, cur
rupti'Mi, and dishonesty to which
his dog subjects are addicted, and
would much prefer ijuiet repose in
a decent kennel with honesty and
purity for patrons aud occasional
companions. Yet he clings to tho
semblance of power to which he
fee's he has succeeded ; and ofter
having read this homily begins to
plead for forgiveness, and pitifully
whines.
"We shall say r.o more on this
subject now: arc unite aware of
the clamor that will be raised
about what we have said, but. be
that as it may, are determined to
be just as explicit as may be nec
essary to the execution of our
purpose to save tho Republican
party from the disgrace aud ruin
that have been brought on it in
other Slates by adventurous sharp
ers." A'.., the wav of the transgres
sor is indeed hard ! And there
is :.o:.e harder than for the in
u: pure and reliued gentleman,
for political promotion and pros
pective pecuniary profit, to sell
h'ui.selt' to a disgustingly impure
cQw'rpi .political organization,
:e the magnates of winch he
i. ways compeileil to appear
upon bended knee, humility upon
lis brow, words of flattery and
laudation upon his tongue, and his
hat m ha:io.
Company I". Eliiecnth Mls-iscip- j system anv longer? Wo are not
pi, Intend ui.fuiliug their old ll.ig ,.ny.,.,(.j hi war! civil or foreign!
to the breeze ou the 3uih of July. Tuc ct,ntrv is at perfect peace.
lie proceeds of a Catholic fair, The heroes of the late war may well
l.d.l nt Meridian, Mink-sippi. 1 on lm.ir imm.,. Few id" the
.mounted to iJw m,)Sl cl9ni01.0lw ,,r lhom nre mc.
Out of m,W emigrants who ar- j ti(llic,i i;1 0citti roi,ort,, !n H llil.h
umZr r ,,ookfT ,,otice
nca ly HUOO. Wlseon 'in .IdtlO, Ohio i "' 'WiU "f v",,,r- 1 tho "II,n
'iooo, California COyij. Xew Jersoy ! ,,cr "f m(n w,lu ll0,v cllUln t0 llnvo
l-'Ki. the New England States Uu'W, ' pciformed prodigies of valor, it is
the southern States 1700 and the
others went west.
A Special dispatch' from Austin,
dated, June 13ih, states that the
Southern Pacific Railroad bill pass
ed the Senate to day by a voto of
21 to u. It is thought It will pass
the House aud receive the Gov
ernor's signature this week.
The bill grants $16,000 to the mile
snd Is the most popular bill before
the Legislature.
The almost universal complaint
concerning the Southern crops Is,
that too much land has been plant
id la cotton, tad too little la com.
Aaaaaaaaaale af taa Caaatita
Ilea Tka atlfala af IB Tm
ala Rlfata af Mtaarlttaa
Haw Aaaalalaaaata Mar k
OalalaaaBaaaar at laaaalaa
tlaaa BUaaaaalkllltr la malic
alalaa.
To the Pkoi-le
.The Statu Constitution nro
vldes the means for a change in
I n' article No convention is
nceded for this purpose. By n
vote of two thirds of each House,
proponed amendments can be sub
mitted to the people, and on three
mouths notice the voto shall be
cn, uu r a majority be lor the
UIUUIUUUUIll, bill VUIIIU oiiUll IX! iu
sertusl as part of the Constitution
by tho next Legislature. The 1 Silt
section of the Bill of Rights can
not be altered prior to lis8j. No
body wtajics to change that. By
the plain and easy mode above
provided, without expense, and
without excitement. Some men
fear discussion. The public mind
and morals are improved by dis
cussion of principles.
1 might ask those who opiosc
the rights of the people to assign
some reasons. None hare been
assigned so far as I have heard.
Those who favor the Executive
appointment, by and with the ad
vice and consent of the Semite,
uiutt fell on iccwimj ujlcef,
mure hoiic.it nnd no'e rttpuhle,
Unn (hone irlwm the ;icoc would
ekc. It docs not meet tho case
to say that olllcers as worthy will
be gotten into public service. If
this be so, then popular right is
taken away, without any benefit.
I deny that tho chances of merit
are as good before the Executive,
with the Senate at his heels, us
before the people. Of what ele
ments is this unity, called "the
lenile,r composed ? Is there a
good man iu the State excluded?
None. Are there not men of
wealth, education, moral char
acter, high intelligence, hon
esty, purity, uiiselllsh patriot
Win, in the pcoplo and part of
the people? I think there is uo
county in tho State which has not
mini) men of the pmiitu who will
compare very favorably with any
one of the Senators representing
it. Is there a man in the State
who will seriously allirin that
3d vgalt and Stringer, the Senators
from Warren, monoMlise the in
telligence and houcsty of tho two
counties they represent? I mean
no disrespect to these persons by
naming them. I Illustrate niv
argument by examples, and ask
the ppople to apply thn illiistra
tions in everv county. Is it right,
is it safe, is a Itepiiblican, to con
fer on two men the power of ad
vising and consenting to such ap
pointments as the Kxecutivo may
choose to make? The Govern
ment was instituted for tho people,
and yet the ads'oeatcs of "univer
sal suffrage." practically deny the
rights of tho pcoplu If the elec
tion is made directly by tho peo
ple, one result will follow,
worth all and more, than all
that can be claimed by the
most ardent advocate of arbitrary
power, caucuses, calumnies and
combinations, and party exclusion.
The day for these things will have
passed by, I hope, forever. It is
manifest that before the people, no
man can be slain, either in charac
tcr or fortune, without an oppor
tunity of vindication. Tho false
charge will recoil upon its authors
and plague the inventors. History
bears me out in this assertion.
What motive have the peoplo to
commit a great wrong, and what
hope of a combination strong
enough to accomplish it? None.
An able Senate once was Induced
by parts' zeal, vaulting ambition.
ami the thousand bad influences
which mav surround it. and gen
erallv peinieato its chambers.
to dishonor and condemns ou
(also charges an illustrious citi
zen. Ho appealed to the peo
pie; they vindicated his char
aeter, and cairicd their reproof
of his accusers so far as to elect
him President of tho United
SlaU's. I need not indulge in any
remarks as to the method pursued
to j ut men in and to put tie-in
out of oflicc. by the combined
action of the Executive and Senate.
The whole plan nriy bo briefly
described as the " tickle mc, and I'll
tickle you'' system.
I it neccsai'v to continue the
odious caucus, parts' nomination
really surprising that any body i
left alive. I presume, however,
that many of those clamorous for
office, pursued the course of the fat
militia general, broiled nod ato for
his breakfast every enemy be
killed. Is it not time to cease
controversy, to give tho people a
fair show? One claims, promo
tion because he was a valiant rebel,
and, of course, a man of marked
character, and therefore specially
fit to administer the affairs of
peeple, owing and acknowledging;
alleghjnco to the , Goveiamcat
against which be fought or
did not fight, as - the case
may be. Some claim . because
they were opposed to rebel
lion, but went in for it, swear
ing it was mad, wicked and foolish.
Others (very few) own up fairly;
say rebellion was right, and they
went in honestly for it, made a
wretched failure, got whipped out
of their boots by the Yanks, and
now are in desperate love with
them. These resemble Dumas in
the play, "Ills wonderful how. I
love a man after he has fought
mc." snd whipped me. There are
many of the people, not the self
seekers, who are governed by
principle, or would be, if fair dis
cussion were allowed. To educate
the people, to open up fair and
manly discussion, let the rights of
the people be restored.
A county caucus, a district em
eus, a party caucus: Vtorils of
evil omen! A few come in, with
resolutions cut and dried, u list
of names, ami the whole
plan of operations mapned out.
The big wither may bleat; per
haps some little ram takes the first
step, .leaps the feuce, and all the
sheep folbw. Il any one is stub
born, the party whip is cracked
over him, and applied to him. and
ho must either be in a party of one
or go over to his adversaries for
company. Is there any responsi
bility f To whom? To public
opinion The very object and
effect of these combinations is to
prevent the very existence of pub
lic opinion. Its fair and manly ex
pression is impossible. Language
is inadequate to express the con
tempt which thinking, upright
men have for these combinations.
called caucussc. The midnight
assassin meeting is an honorable
assemblage in comparison.
Hum is the machinery with
which all appointments are to be
worked out, and by which our
rulers me to be manufactured. It
would be better to send at once to
some citv of the North, and set
ingenuity at svork to ijivent u pat
ent steam engine, with the proper
appliances to turn out olllcers, or
to have a great lottery for the bene
fit of education, and get them
by the verdict of chance. Roll
the ball, black I lose, red I
win. We would have as good
olllcers on any ol these plans,
ami by good I mean officers ac
ceptable to the people, capable,
honest, sober and like Cicsar s
wife, above suspicion.
Hut mppo.ie ihi mooUincrv lurs?
The Governor names men to the
Ssnato Dt on tlio ouuclls Card.
The reasons of the Governor may
be good but the nominee is not
exactly the fnsorito of the Senate
or of sonic members of that high
ly honored body. What a scuffle
follows? Impeach the Governor
says one; he has betrayed the par.
ty, says another; he has been
bribed says a third, and ho on. A
name is sent to the Senate for a
fut ollice. What is the precise
value to each zealous supporter of
the rival candidates can never be
known. A stoun is raised, the
business of Legislation is inter
rupted, if not entirely suspended.
How important that the Governor,
in this case should not have his
way? How is it in the outcome?
There is much expression of un
selfishness, a great deal of patriot
ic gas is let oif; there is Some bil
ling and cooing of the doves, nnd
the Governor has his way nftcr
all. If he docs not, he is a poor
player of the pack of high cards
which the good people have dealt
to him. Von had as well talk to
me of having the morning rose
with the early dew ou it, unsoiled
when the dirty finger is rubbed
over it, ns of public purity in such
cases. I want the Uovernor
relieved from the position he is
placed in, and given time to at
tend to the proper duties of his
oilice. lie swears to see that the
laws are faithfully executed.
i among other things. Lot him
! have leisure to attend to the hih
jiwi l rv i',le duties devolved
i upon him and relie ved forever
f rom tempt ions, suspicion'. falo
i charges, tnij charges or whatever
i will attend titc unfortunate grant
01 paii'on.Tjc to ue exerc.sc i oy
and with the consent of the Sen
ate. Restore the election of olll
cers to the people: give the peu
their just rights. Then we will
have no loiirnnatious. no blclc
clings, no tea pot storms, no g,-.
inu', nor su-iiiicioii of giving doves:
no midnight niectings, few oyster
' suppers, and less whisky.
lint there is another view of this
subject which must not beouiitu-d.
My space will not allow a full ex
hibition of it. It is important and
iu my judgment, most vital. The
minorities have rights which must
be respected. If they are not ro:
specled the Republic rests on an
insecure basis. It is truly a house
built on sand, and when the wind
blows and the rain descends, will
surely fall. The great aud hon
est sentiment of the people is
the safety of the Stato.
Strict party caucus and execu
tive appointment excludes the
right of the minority. This sys
tem in effect says to the minority,
stand aside, take no part In af
fairs, yon will be governed by as,
we are. tosh in the cooatrj; w
come from other and purer lands,
fully imbued with correct princi
ples; we don't know your wsnts,
but we will And them out, and we
will expend ten dollars, when men
of your election would speudoue.
Let us rule os'er you. Andy
Johnson once said, ' "The only
right of Southern traitors (that is
tho people of the South) was to be
hanged in this world, aud damned
in the next." This was a wicked
and blasphemous expression.
Party blindness applauded it, aud
he was elected for it Vice Presi
dent, and by accident became tho
President. The claim of party to
rule over, and spend the money of
the people Is on a level with
Andy's sentence, which I saw
printed in large letters iu front of
the Patent ollice, and Icard com
mented on with rapture by Denio,
once a bricklayer iu this vicinity
and a figurant in the humbug
log cabiu aud hard cider cam
paign. When Andy spoke, the war was
raging. There was much appre
hension felt as to the result. There
was this poor excuse for Andy,
assuming him to have beeu more
sober when he uttered this senti
ment than he is said to have been
on the -Jth of March, 18(13. But
this aside, who constitute the mi
nority iu Mississippi? I.i some
counties and districts, the so
called minority, (by strict party
rule excluded from even thinking
about public affairs,! constituted
the majority in wealth, business,
and intelligence, if not in actual
numbers. I have not canvassed
the vote. I hope some one will
examine the returns and give fair
estimates.
It may be said that the execu
tive, with the Senate,- will respect
the rights. Oh yes! What reason
able hope Is there? I can de
fend myself; protect my own
rights. It is unsafe to delegate
this to any o: ... Hut the Gov
ernor comes into ollice frenb from
an excited contest. Ditto of the
Senate. They have friends to
reward and enemies to punish.
There is one office for every ton
friends. What show is there for
the men iu the minority. Their
county, their district may know
and appreciate their worth ; they
would be elected by the people in
spite of party asperity. The peo
ple have done these tbiugs more
than once. Right prevails before
the people, but when the case
comes before one man, however
i.nr. I,., l.n in I.!.
party pressure s brought to bear
on him, compelling Inm to do
wrong. The true line of promo
tion is departed from, tho man
entitled by patriotic service la sac
rificed, and degraded, because be
did not serve tho successful can
didate. Such things have hap
pened to the regret of right think
ing men. Such things would
never hoppeu before the people.
But admit that the Governor
desires to bring to his support
men who did not support him.
Generally they are men of the
wait on Providence order; men
who exclaim when the Lord is
near, "Good Lord," and when the
Devil is at hand, "Good Mr.
Devil."
These men have tho best chance
of promotion. I fail to appreci
ate their peculiar fitness to con
duct State affairs, to sit in the
Council, or on the seat of judg
ment. They advocate a measure,
not because they think it right,
but because such measure is a
chalice with poisoned contents to
be put to the lips of late enemies.
Such men are new converts. They
are so straight that like the In
dians tree, they bend over a little,
riiuut tools of the Executive and
of party, arc mado of such men,
without effort. They naturally
grow to be sticu tools, riiey are
afraid to stand up for the right.
If they do so in a lit of despera
tion, the dloit is spasmodic. A
U'.tle guiding of the eye, mid pdil
i':i of the party rem and bit in
the mouth, soon subdues them.
"The a" obeys the rein and bit,"
and i-i said to know his owner.
But rre such appointments if
iii;He.ea!UYjions to public opinion
nnd in dm. dcf'e.i nee to tho rights
of minorities, or to any expression
Of Icnest, enlightened patriotism?
1 t'lh.i; not in a single cine. It
is po'-'i'dc it i;;ay be. so. The
chance that it is unjust, cUal to
that of one ticket drawing the
gival prle iu lie Havana lottery.
The Governor sants more friend.
Those wUi) eh-cled him, have
d me all he count 'd on, and sili
of course adhere U the principles
if they be hone-t. To gain new
friends, patronage ymst be riyht
til'.:', bestowed. Willi the specta
cles of ollice, so:ne men willste
things iu a very did'ercul light.
Members once odious will be
pi'opcr subjects of congratulation.
It is not strange how office well
bestowed has taken the poison
even out of number fifteen. After
all, what is this but the gaining of
friends and supporters for the
Executive. Are the. men whom
the minority in the State,, but the
majority In the county or district
would dolight to honor, chosen by
the mode now practised.
Not the least serious evil of tht
ysteax of noodaaUcsj, u it hv
evitable tendency to make even
party' friends afvald to talk loud
and express their honest dissent
from any proposition ot the dis
penser of office. Thick as the Gov
ernor tuiDKA. in plain words,
crook the pregnant hinges so, and
you will have a child. This state
of party feellni ought not to be
desired and will, not be desired by
a Governor, who has proper res
pect for the people and' uoe9 not
look on himself as being in fact
the people. If a party man ven
tures to criticise, to condemn what
he honestly believes wrong, ,h6 Is
twitted with the fact that be has
failed to get office himself, anil Is
therefore a base malcontent. Thus
every inducement is offered to
shut the mouth, or if it' be open
ed to utter false words; to cajole
and flatter. Popular election cuts
up these evil plants, these upas
irees which shed their poison
ous dews in' the garden and
destroy all the fair trees' of
liberty, yes cuts them all up by
the .very root How many men
are there who will not flatter
Ncptuno for his trident, or honor
the Devil for his burning throne?
Such men abound iu the ranks of
the people. Some office seekers
nre equally independent, but they
are too few to count, and their
very state of dependence destroys
their influence.
I shall devote the next number
specially to the consideration of
the subject as it affects the coiored
people lately admitted to the right
of suffrage, aud particularly desire
its exercise. I - hope they will
listen to what an early friend says
to them ; not a new aud reluctant
convert; not one who has been
whipped into the concession of
their rights, but au old and, out
and out advocate ou priuclple.
Alpha.
COTTOS PICKING. - 1
A NESV 1NO VALUABLE ItfVEKTIOX.
The Augusta Chronicle aud
Sentinel has the following 6n a
new cotton picking gin, recently
inventon :
We have accounts from the
Southwest of the ius'cntion of a
new cotton gin, which promises
to be of incalculable benefit to the
cotton planter.
Since emancipation, no part of
the details for cultivating aud pre
paring tho cotton crop for market
has given tho plauters half tho
trouble they have experience In
aa www till blitrfl wiwwa
housed ready for the gia. Hands,
who, before the war, averaged 200
and 250 pounds a day, now rarely
exceed hair or tbat amount, in
deed the question of the future
supply of cotton from the South
has depended, not so much on the
amount which with our present
labor system wo could actually
produce, but rather how tnncn
could we pick and anther from
the fields. There is hardly a
planter in tho South who, since
the war, has gathered the crop
with the same number of hands
required to cultivate it "Cotton
picking" and fodder pulling seem
to be tho pet aversion of negro
field laborers.
The inventor of the new gin
claims that by the introduction
aud use of his machine tho old,
tedious aud troublesome plan of
picking the cotton from the bolls
in the field by hand is entirely
dispensed with. An exchange,
in giving a description of this
new invention says: "It is
now only necessary to pluck
the bolls, cotton and all,"
from tho stalk. Three or four
bolls can bo 'grasped at once and
torn away, and in this crude state
they are placed in the receiver of
the machine, which separates the
cotton from the husks, leaves,
stems, dirt nnd ssnd, by running it
through tho "pickor," as last ns it
is wanted for ginning. Tho plan
ter merely sends the hands into
the field, whero they gather in the
mcst rapid manner, nil the matured
cotton, whether the bolls are open
or not. It is stored in this state
until a convenient time running it
turotigh the machine. It is esti
mated that one hand can pic!; one
thousand pounds of cotton in the
new way quicker than a person
can pick one hundred and fifty af
ter the old style. It is sr.iid that ou
a plantation of five hundred acres
of bottom hind, a single machine
will will save, in cotton and labor,
from 17,000 to 10,000 a year. Be
sides tinning out a better article,
tho new machine will extract at
least fifteen per cent, more cotton
than was saved under the old pro
cess. The price will be about fifty
per-eont. . more than the old appa
ratus; but old gins can bo so
changed ns to be utilized in con
nection with the nosy Invention."
If this gin shall perform all that
is churned for it, tho benefits
which the cotton planter will de
rive from its introduction will be
of incalculable value. There are
two points of excellence claimed
tn which wo. feel well assured there
will be failure. We do not be
licve that it will ever be possible
to get a machine which will be
able to gin cotton of a good quali
ty out of unopened ot utTia
tured bolls, aor do we hava -
ulti la ititcrci ,.
i .ul
. si, i iy
I - a f...'.!i,
y cf.,,,0ii-'
tar.. .Va
a machine. We u
however. In the c
can insenuitr to i '
which will rnp. -y
SVJM'lSkiC the
cotton from bolb In place of the
present tedious system of hand
picking;
learn that , arrangement '
have been- made for placing a j
large number of these machines
In tho market In time for cather-
Ing.thfl growing crop,, and trust
that careful and intelligent expe
quality of the t -j
by being picked s
riment may be sade- by planter '
to test their value. '' , . '
THE NEW I0MK HASOSIC
" CELEB8AT10N. ' '
The New. York, papers estimate
that the floating populaUou of the
metropolis -was increased by be
tween two and 'tlrrce hundrod
thousand, on. account of the ma
sonic celebration of Wednesday.
Tho occasion, as our renders have
been Informed, was the laying of
the corner-stone of the pew mas
sonic temple, opposite Booth's
theatre, on Sixth avenue and
Twenty-third street ' Tho 'cere
monies wore on a magnificent
scalo and were conducted through
out with imposuig . effect. The
procession to the scene of work,
was about three miles in lengthf
and contained at a rough estimate '
from ten lo twelve thousand per
sons. No grander demonstration
conld have been given' of the
strength and character of the ma
sonic order. Masonary was first
Instituted in this State by St.
John's lodge, No. 1, la December;
1757, the old hall or which, m
Frankfort street, New York, erect- '. I
ed iu 1SU was the first masonic edi
fice of the State. At the eighty -seventh
annual communication ol the
Grand Lodge, held' Tuesday, the
Grand Secretary' report showed
the present number of lodges to
be om, ana tlietnerbersaip74,U7';
The receipts for the year were
8uo,5U3 34. , ,
The new temple is to be of lisht
granite, and will cost 9150,000.
It will hare a breadth of 141 feet
ou Twenty -thltdjtreJet, with 99
feet on Sixth avenue,, and be five
stories high, The roof is to be of
the Mansard , order, well, . orna
mentid. ' , . The architecture 'wfiTbe
In ' the rehaisance style. .. The
ground floor will be devoted, to
stores, the next floor to a grand
hall for the nse ef tho. Grand
Lodge, with offices'' for the grand
secretary, rooms for the archives,
three- larga lodge rooms, with ad-
Joining apartments, a, library, and
rooms for the janitor , The fourth
floor . will contain tv chapter and
two lodge rooms, and on the top
floor most complete arrangements
for coramanderies. '' There will be
an elevator on the Sixth avenue
side, and also a private staircase.
It is hoped that masonic zeal
and generosity will compass the
completion of the temple within
two years.' ' Some jut-t idea
of its sky-pointing majesty may
be gathered from the fact ' that Its
massls-e central dome will tower
forty-live feet above the topmost
point of Booth's magnificent
theatre, directly opposite. .
t .......
Tnc discoveries presented by
the miscroscpe are marvellous la
the extreme. It was thought a
great achievement when a micro
scope was manufactured which
magnified an object ;two hundred
million times its size, bat the
wonder has been increased by the
Invention of a Mr. Edward N.
Dickenson, a lawyer of New York,
who has caused to be made a mi
croscope which magnifies .nine
thousand million timet. Under .
this instrument if ho could be
seen entire, a mr.a would appear
more than a hundred miles high;
aud a lady's hair would reach half ,
way from New York to New
Haven.
This wopdcrfitUnstrnmQqtiao,
sensitive that a loud word spokrl
near it destroys all distinctness of
vision, from the tremor imparted a
to it by the motion of the sir, and
a footstep on the floor shakes it .
out of adjustment. . The fiekl of
view that is, tho area whlch.cja 5
be seen at once is a circle only
the one twclvo-thousandth of an
Inch in diameter, but it appears to
tho eye to be eight inches lu diam
eter. A microscopic shell called
nn angulation of which about one
hundred and forty placed end to
end will reach an inch, anil which
is simply mnved with lines of the
most. exquisite delicacy wheats,-
amined under ordinarily powerful
microscopes, exhibits under the
new Instrument half pio!Cg cf
nhite silex, nho-e l,.,i, r
pear to be an lnh an J r , o r
tors and of uluh c-'y..'
be seen at oriro, 1 1 rr '
point of a cambr'o tu-r.?- '
per than tl.e -j u
these C.U ea 1 ft
yt:' .tc
f t j c
i

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