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Vicksburg weekly herald. (Vicksburg, Miss.) 1868-1883, October 15, 1870, Image 1

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VOL. VI.
VICKSBURG, MISSISSIPPI, SATURDAY IIOXIMNG, OCTOBER 13, 1870.
T7OT"dTn
THE WEEKLY HERALD.
JAM. n. SWOBDS, Fwkllafcar.
irn. K. SPEAKS, E41tr.
DAIET lUBSCHlPTIOHl
OhTui, la AdTunce, ,lt
Biz Mnothi, la AdTUM, I 00
On. Month, La Adfuoe, IN
wzcely suBscairnoHi
Om Tut. la AdTuo. to
Uz Moatta. In AUruo. t ID
8ATURDAY. SEPT. 8, 1870.
"Ahoillo," the Italian corres
pondent of the New York Times,
writing of the success of the Ital
ians in their movements on Borne,
says the possibility of an adjust
ment of difficulties between the
Pope and the King, upon a basis
partaking of the nature of politi
cal guarantees and material com
pensation. The Pope is to pre
serve all his palaces, except that
of the Quirinal, and to Jfeeabsolute
master of the Leonine City. The
Cardinals are to be Senators of
the Italian Kingdom with the
exceptional compensation of ten
thousand dollars or scudi each,
out of the Treasury of the King
dom. The Pontiff is to preserve
the right to' ffgulatc, with
out interference of the secular au
thority, spiritual or purely eccle
siastic affairs. On the death of
the Pope, the King is to retire
from the Capital during the inter
val in which the election and in
stallation of the successor is go
ing on. The Pope to huve a civil
list, with revenues independent of
any possiblo deficit in the general
treasury, and a noble guard, made
up of persons from all parts of
the Kingdom of Italy, of which
corps the Sovereign himself will
be the General-in-Chief; to give
dignity and prestige, and as a sign
of devotion rather than of author-
ity-
A mobmah by the name of San
born, applied to Chief Justice
McKean, of the United States Dis
trict Court, at Salt Lake City, to
be naturalized. Iu reply to the
question of the Judge, Sanborn
said that he had but one wife, but
that he believed it right and ac
cording to the laws of God to
marry another while his present
wife is living, and although the
land forbid, he thought it his duty
to obey the laws of God rather
than the laws of man. Entertain
ing different views of the laws and
American citizenship, the Chief
Justice refused to naturalize Lira.
Complaints arc being made
throughout the State of negroes
having given up the gathering of
their crops, owing to tho low
price of cotton. In some places,
it is with the utmost dilllculty that
they can be prevailed upon to pick
stall. The Holly Springs Inde
pendent South says:
Nearly every farmer that we
have met, gives it as his opinion
that not more than one-half of the
cotton crop that bus been raised
will be housed by Christmas.
Thk Albauy Journal thinks that
the fifty thousand dollar gold brick
now ou exhibition at Denver,
which is twelve and a half
inches long, six and a half wide
and four and a half thick, is tho
largest solid mass of gold in the
world ; but it isn't. We have cas
tles iu Spain built of gold bricks
three times as large.
Josh Billinos has this advice
for those misguided females who
go about seeking their rights:
"Eve, yuro gratist graudmotber,
committed a mistake, a good deal
bigger than the one which yu are
anxious tew commit, but there iz
a remote similarity in the mis
takes. She wanted tew kno and
Lav a hand in awl that was going
on, and the Devil offered tew tench
her, andyu hav heard what tho
result waz. 31 i advise tew yu iz
tew stay right where yu are ; yu
bar a power now that never kan
be less if yu hold on to it, but if
yu spit on yure hands tew get a
better holt you lose yure grip en
tireiy."
A tombstone in a Maine grave
yard, erected to the memory of a
wile, bears this inscription:
"Tears cannot restore thee; there
fore I weep."
He knew he had a safe thing.
A Memphis exchange has tho fol
lowing: Edward Rlne, of Vicksburg, was
fired at and severely wounded in
Louisville, Tuesday, by a drunken,
swaggering bully. There was no
provocation.
The King of Sweden is an ad
vocate of woman's suffrage.
Spiii and informers are hi de
mand In Tennessee, if we may
judge from the circular, which the
Nashville Union and American
says has been issued by the Uni
ted States District Attorney for
Middle Tennessee, in accordance
with instructions from the author
ities at Washington, which is to
be addressed to certain persons in
the- several counties in the Nash
ville division of the State, who
are supposed to be "well affected
toward the Government," thst is,
Radicals, asking them to furnish
him "the Information necessary
to enable him to institute and
maintain the proper proceedings"
against persons who are holding
office in violation of the third sec
tion of the fourteenth amendment
to the Constitution of the United
States. The information which
the District Attorney desires is
1. The names of persons thus
holding office within your county,
and what office they hold respect
ively. 2. In what capacity such persons
formerly took the oath to support
the Constitution of tho United
States.
3. In what manner, and when, and
where each person engaged in the
late rebellion, or give .aid or com
fort to the enemies of the United
States, with necessary details.
4. The name and residence of
witnesses to establish these several
matters.
5. Any other Information re
garded by you as conducive to my
successful action in the premsises.
The Union and American upon
referring to the circular asks :
"Why has not such a step been
taken in regard to the. enforcement
of the internal revenue laws. These
laws are violated daily with im
punity, yet, citizens are not asked
to render themselves 'infamous by
becoming spies aud informers on
their neighbors, that these laws
may be more certainly aud effectu
ally enforced. Why have not the
agents of the Government been left
to execute tho law enforcing the
fouteenth amendment, the same as
they do other laws ? Why has an
exception been made of this law ?
Is it not because that it is a part
of the policy to barrass the South
ern people, and thus drive them to
the commission of acta that the
Government will claim arc rebel
lious? The course which the
authorities at Washington have
pursued in this matter is simply
infamous."
Camels in Nevada. On a
ranche on the Carson river, eight
miles below the mouth of Six
mile Canyon, and about seventeen
miles east of the city, is to be seen
a herd of twenty-six camels, all
but two of which were born and
raised in this State. But two of
tho older herd of nine or ten
brought here some years ago are
uow living. It would seem that
tho original lot fell into the hands
of the Mexicans, who trcnted them
very bnilly, overloading them and
abusing tbem. The men who now
have them arc Frenchmen, aud
men it seems, who had formerly
some experience with camels in
Europe. They find no dilllculty
in rearing tbem, andean now show
twenty-four tine healthy animals
of Washoe growth. Tho camel
ma- now be said to be thoroughly
acclimated in this State. The
ownersof the herd Hud it no more
difficult to breed and rear them
than would be experienced with
the same number of goats or don
keys. The ranche upon which
they are kept is sandy aud sterile
in the extreme, yet the animals
feast and grow fat on such prickly
shrubs and bitter weeds as no oth
er animal would touch. When left
to themselves their great delight,
after tilling themselves with the
coarse herbage of the desert, is to
lie and roll in the hot sand.
They are used in packing salt to
the mills on the river from the
marshes lying in the desserts some
sixty miles to the eastward. They
have animals that easily pack 1100
pounds. Virginia City Enter
prise. At the late Jewish synod, held
at Lcipsic, tho following was re
solved: "No bitter or harsh ex
pression shall be contained in any
of the prayers under revision or
to bo newly composed; the con
tents shall embrace all human be
ings of the universe, and nothing
shall bo said therein with regard
to the chosen people which might
in the least offend our brethren of
another creed."
Boston has a new brick making
machine. The only limit to its
working capacity is the power of
the attendants to pour in the clay
and take away the pressed brick.
With clay enough at hand nnd in
dustrious workmen the ordinary
producing power is from sixty to
seventy bricks per minute.
We regret to see that Mr. Dong
las Walworth, the sprightly editor
of the Natchez Courier, has sever
ed his connection with that paper.
Wkin tftt) rraacat Crowa Stw
la r A Cartas lavaatary.
A New York Post Paris corres
pondent writes:
Where are the crown Jewels? is
the question asked at present by
some of those people who think
that some care should be taken of
the morrow, and that France may
yet see brighter dsys even if her
capital should fall The poor Em
press was accused of a desire to
spirit them sway, and although
she gave the lie to the calumny by
ordering an inventory to be made
and the whole collection to be
turned over to General Trochu,
so soon as that gentleman was
appointed to the dictatorship of
Paris, still a lingering fear of of
ficial robbery remained In the
minds of all, and to this alone
must be ascribed the arrest of
Princess Mathilde and the seques
tration of her sixty-two trunks at
Dieppe. She was released, of
course, as soon as her seventy-two
million francs' worth of art treas
ures were discovered to be the
coinage of too fertile imagination,
but the public was not satisfied,
and so the Governor of Paris has
seen fit to announce to his fellow
citizens that the Bank of France
Is not the place of deposit of this
portion of the nation's wealth,
but that every one may rest as
sured that it is in a safe place,
"which, for obvious reasons, he
declines to disclose."
It would bo a rare "treasure
trove" should Paris be given up to
"loot," and the German army
would be recompensed financially
for much of its privations and
suffering if it could divide up this
plunder, which iu 1791 was esti
mated at more than 23,000,000
francs.
Formerly the crown jewels were
in charge of the keeper of the
Gardo Meuble Royale, but by a
decree of the Nationnl Constituent
Assembly, dated 2Cth and 27th
May, and 22d June, 1701, Messrs.
Dion, Christin and Deluthe were
appointed Commissaircs ad hoc
and furnished to the "Constitu
aute" a detailed inventory of the
ci-devant royal treasures.
This inventory was divided into
classes ; the first including precious
stones, only under the designation
generic of "Crown Diamonds."
Of this the first chapter of dia
monds give a
rluof rr. 16,730 m
The econl chuplar, i-curl t r. ,"()
Tne third cnuitcr.colorei .tonniirr. JDo.ttll
Tug inu th cli(ter, parurn
(nioiutali) rr. S.SiU'JO
ToUl Fr. 11,03, 157
Among these a singlo diamond,
known as the Regent, is estimated
at twelve million of francs. Since
1791 the market value of precious
stones in general is considered to
have tripled itself. There are 9,
547 diamonds, 513 pearls, 230
rubles, 71 topazes, 150 emeralds,
134 sapphires, 3 amethysts, 8
Syrian garnets, 8 colored stones
not classified.
The second category of the in
ventory comprises sets of miscel
laneous jewelry Etruscan, old
Roman, etc. rock crystals, en
graved stones, antique ornaments,
pictures and other monuments of
art and science, all belonging to
the administration of the National
Museums, and united iu one of the
most admirable galleries of the
Louvre. These treasure aro in
dependent of the fine art collec
tions in the Palace, and may pos
sibly be concealed, iu Hie event of
a sack of the city a moot im
probable event by the way but
mauy chefs iPwuvre will doubtless
perish, or bo carried away by the
victors, a proceeding which will
only be an imitation of the doings
of the French themselves when
ever they occupied any foreign
capital during the conquests of the
first Napoleon.
Bulwer says that poverty is on
ly an idea, nine cases out of ten.
Some men with ten thousand dol
lars a year suffer more for the
want of means than others with
three thousand dollars. The rea
son Is, the richer man has artifi
cial wants. His income is ten
thousand dollars and he suffers
enoiuih from being dunned for
unpaid debts to kill a sensitive
man. A man who earns a dollar
a day and does not run in debt is
tho happier of the two. Very few
people who have never boon rich
will believe this; but it is true.
There are thousands and thou
sands with princely incomes who
never know a moment's pence, be
cause they live above their means.
There is really more happiness in
the world among the working peo
ple thau there aro among those
who are called rich.
The New York Mail shows how
King William is a right royal hus
band : In all the battles through
which he has passed, he has never
omitted to send, either by tele
graph or post, full accounts of all
his operations to Queen Augusta
in Berlin. The picture of the
gray headed King sitting down
amid debris of the battle field,
with tumult and death all around
him, to write with the thoughtful
ness of lover to his wife at home,
is not the least suggestive of the
many wondorful spectacles of the
war.
irma tba Ckloego Ti.of,J '
From time to Uma the Times'
has urged upon the inventors the
necessity of producing, for the
level plains of the Northwest, a
land locomotive, or traction en
gine. Whether or hot the reiter
ated demands of the Times had
anything to do with it we do not
know ; but on Friday, machine
of the precise character which we
have so often declared to be ne
cessity made its appearance on our
streets. The inventor and builder
is Mr. Lake, a gentleman well
known to Chicago from his orig
inal connection with the Westsido
railway; and, later, as the con
tractor and builder of the Wash
ington street tunnel.
The vehicle which made its way
along'the streets of the West-side
on Friday snd Saturday is unlike
any traction engine ever before
built. It is a locomotive vehicle,
a portable engine, and a fire steam-!
er, all in one. This combination
is entirely novel, but this is not
all that is new about it. Mr. Lake
has discovered and used a prin
ciple in the application of power
that has never before been em
ployed. This principle is one
which admits of the production of
extraordinary power almost di
rectly to the driving-wheel.
In an ordinary locomotive, the
steam from the cylinder acts upon
the piston and is communicated di
rectly to the crank of the driving
wheels. In Mr. Lake's machine,
when desirable, tho motion can
first be communicated to balance
wheels. When these wheels have
reached a very high rate of speed,
the power can be communicated
by a "clutch" to the driving-wheels.
The communication can be made
gradually or rapidly as may be
thought desirable.
Any one can see the benefit of
this style of communication. Sup
pose the vehicle in a place where
it requires extra forco to start it.
By applying the power at once, no
movement is effected ; but by stor
ing it up in tho balance-wheels,
and then communicating it to the
drivers, one gets almost precisely
the same benefit that he would by
getting, say, a heavy wagon under
rapid motion just before running
it up an incline.
If a man has to pass over a de
pression in the road with a heavily-loaded
truck, it is easily seen
that if be is under rapid headway
he will pass through it with less
difficulty than he would if he
should attempt to pull his load out
of the hollow where his wagon
had been standing. A person about
to leap over some obstacle aids bis
final jump by a short run. The
locomotive engineer about to as
cend a difficult grade rushes at it
after having accumulated a sur
plus force in a high motion.
It is precisely this well known
principle in mechanics which Mr.
Lake has employed in his engine.
lie has another novelty. The
machine has two sets of driving
wheels, one of which is considera
bly smaller than the other. By a
simple use of the screw, cither set
can be raised, leaving the other on
tho ground. The power can bo
applied nt will to cither. The ob
ject of these two sets is, of course,
to obtain cither greater power or
speed, as may be desired. In
hauling heavy loads, the small
wheels w ill be used, and in excur
sions, where there is no great
weight to be hauled, rapidity is
secured by tho employment of the
largo drivers.
A pump and air chamber fur
nish a complete apparatus for
throwing water; while a hand
wheel allows the transfer of pow
er to a threshing machine, or any
other article of the kind.
The engine is a very handsome
one. It weighs about threo tons,
and moves without difficulty, nnd
guides as easily as a well trained
horse.
The construction of this ma
chine will open up, we believe, a
new nnd important era in locomo
tion. A heavy machine, like the
one just referred to, will haul
heavy loads, act as a fire steamer,
and do duty as a portable engine.
Smaller ones can be constructed,
whose weight will not exceed half
a ton, which can be used for pas
senger travel, or the lighter busi
ness connected with tho transfer
of goods in a large city. We see
no reason why such n machine iu
Chicago cannot bo made to tuke
the place of tho truck, of horses
on tho street cars, of tho emacia
ted steeds which drag tho heavy
omnibuses, and of tho light pleas
ure vehicles which dash up and
down our avenues.
If the machine on the streets
yesterday docs not belie every in
dication, Chicago will speedily in
itiate a class of vehicles that will
revolutionize the system of land
transportation outside of the line
of steam railways.
The Browns are now in order.
John C. Brown is to be Governor
of Tennessee, Gratz Brown is to
be Governor of Missouri,- and if
John Young Brown gets the Demo
cratic nomination he n'tfC be Gov
ernor of Kcntuo" f
sketch er nitsmim line.
Chris tins Kilsson was bora in a
small village three leagues from
the town of Vexioe, province of
Sundland, Sweeden. Her parents
were humble in condition peas
ants laboring npon, an inextensive
farm. Before the age of ten the
musical ability of little Christine
asserted itself in various meagre
wiys. The child was known for
s singularly sweet voice and for a
fair knowledge of the violin, pick
ed up haphazard.' Occasionally
Earenta would send her to the fairs
eld in the different villages and
small towns of the district, where
the little maid's beauty and fresh,
dear singing earned a few ypper
pieces, welcome enongh to the
hard-working couple at home.
When singing one day to her own
violin accompaniment, before a
crowd of peasants at a fair, a stroll
ing juggler offered her an engage
ment at twenty rikadalers a year.
The future artist declined, how
ever. She did not join the man of
cups and balls, tor we find her at
length somewhere about the age
of thirteen or fourteen domi
ciled with the Baroness of
Leirausen, a lady once celebrated
in her country as a singer under
tho name of Mile. Valerius. A
gentleman amateur named Toner
ielhm was the means of persuad
ing Christine to dedicate herself
formally to music, and through
his Introduction the young girl
took up a position in the baron
ness's household, and received her
first lessons from her.
She was an apt scholar, and in
a short time her instructress
judged her fit to leave Gothen
burg, where the baroness lived,
for Stockholm. Here Christine
studied under Franz Berwald, and
here, as one of his pupils, she at
tracted the notice of royalty.
From Stockholm her patrons sent
her to Paris, where she completed
her musical education under War
tel, a very Warwick of his craft ; a
true Divamaker. A dozen prime
donne owe their celebrity to the
care and shrewdness of this teach
er; but had he trained only a
Christine Nilsson his fame would
be complete. She made her
debut in public at the Lo
grique in Paris, as Violetta, in
Traviata, in October, 1804. She
was now eighteen years of age;
fair, slender, graceful In carriage,
with the light blue eyes of the
Scandinavian race. As the cur
tain rose the audience were aware
of an unaccustomed apparition ; a
Violetta gentle and dignified rath
er than passionate, displaying
grace instead of sensuous lan
guors, innocenco in the place of
recklessness. The traits of Mile.
Nilsson's performance; of this
character are now of European
notoriety; but it was new to the
French audience in 1804. Here
was a wide departure from the
traditional role; Violetta shorn of
her naughtiness, Violetta with
fair hair, light bluo eyes, a calm
brow ; full of love, but a love con
sistent with sclf-sacrilicc ; not the
Sybarite passion of previous
Traviatns; something very dif
ferent and much more agreeable
to contemplate. Needless to say
her tlchut was a complete success.
After a series of continued tri
umphs in Paris, the Queen of
Song went to London. The 10th
of June was advertised for the
new singer's appearance; nnd
somo presentiment of delight
more likely some knowledge of
the lyrique artist's excellence
borne hlthcrward by those who
had seen her in Paris crowd
ed her Majesty's Theatre to
the roof. It was the story
of Paris repeated. Christine Nils
son appeared nnd London capitula
lated. "Ono glance," wrote the
Saturday Review, quoting Robert
Schumann's remark on Schubert,
"one glance, and the world shone
fresh again." A murmur of ad
miration, harbinger of the interest
to be gained, ran through tho
house at the apparition of the pale,
slender, fair haired divinity who
was such a satire upon the naughty
words she had to utter. Christine
bad arrived in the very nick of
time for Mr Mapleson, and, by
virtue of her coming, defeat turned
to victory. Onco more the old
opera house reared its head and
defied Its adversary. That tho
season of 1SG7 declared for Nils
son was unmistakable. She was
tho new idea the sensation. It
remained for after appearances to
solify the sensation into an abid
ing sense. She returned to Paris
only to renew her triumphs.
Another visit to London establish
ed her as the favorite of that
capital.
A touno girl and a young man,
kneeling at the Catholic Church in
Liedbere, Germany, were recently
struck by lightning and killed.
They were five paces apart, and
persons kneeling between the two
were not injured.
The Southerners in Cincinnati
"smole a ghastly smile" when Mr.
Groesbeck got up and said this is
"a land where the press is ft-ee and
conscience free, where speech is
f . e and education is f ee, where
tL 1 reople rule, and C. "ge their
aJ, ' -.Motions at their isure."
- BtBBUYIES. . ,
There are many leaders of the
Radical party who should be like
the Mammoth Cave all under
ground. - v ;
The Ko-IOux are" sirain com-
mitting their diabolical outrages
in tne columns of us Washington
and Philadelphia papers. : i
a veteran toper says "tiere's
one thing thai was sever , sees
comln through' the rye," and
tnat is tne whisky one gets now
days." Right, begorrahr ! -
Woman Is the only female that
sings, also ma only one tnat snes
for divorces, buys bonnets, wears
chignons, or beats her husband
with the broomstick. , ,
"Olive Logan," says so Indiana
paper, "is the coming woman."
Good heavens! We hope it is
not possible that she can be com
ing thi way again. '
Rev. Lewis Lake, of Ulster coun
ty, New York, has disappeared,
leaving a wife and six children.
Mrs. Benjamin Bailey, who disap
peared at the same time, leaves
husband and seven children.
A London woman has been
beating her husband about the
head with the baby. After the
encounter It was found that the
unfortunate weapon would have
to be buried.
One of the female suffrage or
gans thinks Mrs. Jennie June
Croly is the representative woman
of America. That is to say, by
the side of our .groat National
Hymn, she stands the great Na
tional Her.
A young man advises all young
gentlemen whose sweet hearts re
fuse to, and become offended at,
being kissed, just to take the
young girl who "lives next door"
out riding. He warrants there
will be no trouble about the
"tongue-lunch business."
The Dyersburg Gazette tells the
following squirrel story: We bear
of one man mourning a heavy loss
from the invasion. Ho had many
thousand shingles on one bank of
the river aud the squirrels, wishing
to cross, put shingles in the stream
got on them, spread their tails and
sailed over in fine style leaving
the shingles to float down the river.
The "heart" is tho best card in
the chance game of matrimony
sometimes overcome by diamonds
aud knaves, often won by "tricks.
occasionally treated in a "shuffl
ing" manner, and then "cut" al
together, or perchance ono of the
parties holds a "full hand," the
other "begs," and whenever
"clubs" are "trumps" the fellow
always "passes out.
VI.1D1CATIO Or THE E.TIPE.
HOB.
Declaration of His Aid-de-Camp
in Jielation to the mperor'$
Conduct at the Battle of Sedan,
From the Independence Beige, Sept 16
Tho account which the Patrie
has published of the last incidents
of the battle of bedan, aud which
it said it received from an officer
attached to tho staff of General
Wiinpll'en, has put the conduct of
the cx-emperor of the t rcneh in
so unfavorable a ngut tnat one
could only expect some denial of
the account ou the part or in the
name of the prisoner of Wilhelm-
shoehc. Subjoined is a document
which has been communicated to
us, its object being tho refutation
of the account in the Patrie. We
publish it in a spirit of impartial
ity, and because there aro some
discussions from which informa
tion may always bo derived. As
to its valuo and the degree of con
lidence it merits, we will content
ourselves with remarking that it
emanates frou the aides-de-camp
who accompanied the fallen sove
reign at Wilhulmshoehe, and who
bear testimony, iu somo degree
for themselves, while they think,
no doubt, that they are only bear
ing testimony in favor of their ac
cused leader.
The letter which appeared in
the Putrie of the 11th of Septem
ber, and which is attributed to an
officer of the stall of General
Wimpffen, implicates in so grave
and so unjust a manner the respon
sibility of the Emperor iu the ca
tastrophe of Sedan, that the of
ficers who had the honor to remain
with his Majesty cannot allow such
assertions to bo made without stat
ing the true facts of the case. When
the different commanders of army
corps came to warn the Emperor
that their troops were repulsed,
dispersed, and in part driven back
into the town, the Emperor sent
them to the Commander-in-Chief
in order that he might ascertain
from them the actual situation. At
the same time tho Commander-in
Chief sent to the Emperor two offi
cers of his staff with a letter in
which he proposed to bis Majesty
not to save the army, but to save
his person, by placing him in the
midst of a strong column, with
which he said an attempt might
be made to reach Carignau. The
Emperor refused to sacrifice
large number of soldiers in order
to save himself: "besides," said
he, "Carignau is occupied by tho
PruBsiaaa; but if the Genu -.1
lilies L c-j f
tue arrry I-1 i.
rti t :.9 t" ' i
i .wifroT r 1 i
in-Uf, Li I
General I. 1 n i
of the tt ' .
to coi: i , )
put .LLiJuf at tVr I. '.
m-.eea rap u t: j I'; -
C;'ifr'd Lflrin t
fcYuia ca-..-e 3,;J
to be killed, auj tou v..:if
ceed, bat if you with U t:y i
wmingiy pothers wuhvou." :
left each other, in.!r.-1, a-'
than half an hour ai r,- : ;
era! Wimpffen, conviL". I ., : I. .
attempt was unpractle,,' : -, i
no other course was opta 1j - ..
except laying down arms, c i
eral Wimpffen went back to i
and considering that it '.
for him, who had only taken c
maud ad interim, to a."jc h-.t &.
nature to s capitulation, ha g-U
nts resignation to the L.f'oror in
the following terms :
Sire: I shall never for'f.t t .e
marks of kindness which you have
accorded to me, and I should b.wa
been happy, for the sake both cf
France and yourself, to have been
able to terminate to day's engage
ment by a glorious success, i
have not been able to bring about
the result, and I think I shall do
well if I leave to others the duty
of leading our armies.
"Under these circumstances I
deem it my duty to resign my post
of commander-in-chief, and to ask
that I may be allowed to retire.
X am, &c, Ut W mprFEN.
The Emperor refused to accept
the resignation. It was necessa
ry, indeeu, tnat be who bad the
honor of the command during the
battle should secure, as far as pos
sible, the safety of what remained
of the army. The General under
stood these reasons, and withdrew
his resignation. It was then 9
o'clock in the evening, and the fir
ing bad ceased at nightfall. . It is
entirely false to say that the Gen
eral was opposed by the Emperor
in bis ideas and in the orders he
was able to give, for his Majes
ty only met him for a moment on
the field of battle between and 10
o'clock. The General was coming
from Jttnian, ana tne emperor ask
ed him how the battle was proceed
ing on that side. The General
replied:
"Sire, things are going on as
well as possible, and we are gain
ing ground."
To the observation which his
Majesty made that an officer had
just warned bim that a considera
ble corps of the enemy was out
flanking our left, the General
replied :
"Very well, so much the better.
It is necessary to let them do so ;
we will drive them into the Meuse
and we shall gain the victory."
These are the only relations
which the Emperor had with Gen.
Wimpffen during tho action, and
it is equally false to say that there"
was the slightest altercation be
tween the Emperor and the Gen
eral. When, they separated the
Emperor embraced the General
most affectionately.
(Signed) Pkince de laMoskowa,'
Castelnau,
De Wacbeht,
Count Reille,
Visc'ount Pajol,
Generals Aides-de-Camp of the
Emperor.
The battle fields of the present
campaign between tho Germans
and the French, it is stated, ac
quired early celebrity as the head
quarters of typography. Metz
was oue of the first towns where
the art of printing was practiced,
and the ancient works which have
como from the presses are numer
ous, strasburir, it is asserted.
was, from 1424 to 1448, the resi
dence of Gutenburg, although no
dated book is extant of an earlier
year than 1471. In 1840 a statue
of Gutenberg was erected in Stras-
burg, and was unveiled with great
pomp, loul is noted as tlie place
where one of the first attempts at
stereotyping was made. The edi
tions of the classics published at
Sedan rival the Elzevirs, and are
beautiful specimens of minute
type. Kehl was the final resting
place of the beautiful type of
Baskerville, with which Beau
marchais printed an edition of
Voltaire's writings, on blue paper,
for Frederick the Great of Prus-'
sia, who was suffering from an
affection of the eyes. Rheim and
Verdun aro also worthy of com
memoration as cities where the
art of printing was practiced at an
early period, and at Verdun an
edition of the English Book of
Common Prayer was printed for
the use of the English civilian
prisoners who had been arrested
by Napoleon I, while peaceably
traveling in Europe, and were de
tained for many years in that city.
Butter contains nothing that is
essential to the human body
it is not a necessity but a luxury.
Besides, it mars the complexion,
and is a great promoter of bilious
affections. The economy . of the
American household would be ra
tionally improved by a more spar
ing we of this , article; which b
or, of :ls most conl.'y -t -. -j
'. .- o i ;od our t:.: '

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