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WESTERN UNION -IIANNUJAL, MO., AUGUST 28, 1851.
WESTERN UN ION. HANNIBAL, THURSDAY, AUGUST 2S IK.M. o, vl.miE.xs, BIHTOH AND IMJIII.IlMIKK. GEN. SCOTT. We fear our neighbor it falling into Ilia bid praulica of hit (tarty, and it giving Gen. Soull position without uulliurily. His wishes are Ilia parent lo his thuugliti in this matter, and hi tint ire to believe General Soott a friend to dm Compromise, ha niailu him aver the Jucl. The bait guide to a man' opinions, in the eusei.ee of any expression from himself, ii the aoliuii of hit liearatl and most cealous friend, and at Mty are againil the compromise, we mutt be lieve he is loo. If lie is, and "a Whig Na tional Convention should be guilty" of nomin ating him, the Union taya it would ba "in faviT of choniing delegates to a batter Con vention to (elect a batter man." Why not lay at onoa y.m wouldn't support him? That idea of merely being in 1 favor nl choosing delegates to a bultur convention," leaves a loop hvle to creep out of, and lo support Soott, in case it didn't take. Ahl liaighbur, wa are afraid you're trying to "dutlge." Couritr. Our friend of the Courier seems extremely anxioui that we ahoiild commit ourselves, bill this wo are strenuously determined not to do at thit stage of the game. If every Whig journal pledge itself In this or that individual, how is it possible to unite upon a nominee ? how can we act intelligently when we can no longer mould our actions lo the bent of circumstance ; but must, fortoith, abide by a pledge, perhaps as indiscreet as ill - timed and uncalled for? If the gentleman expects to force us into any such absurd predicament ha will find himself entirely mistaken, lint, at the same time, we neither desire to "dodge," nor can wo conceive thai our position is as yet so extreme as lo require any ''loop-hale to creep out of." We would advise our neighbor to file those "loops," as he will probably find them of service to himself as Ihe ensuing caiivasa approaches, unless he is called into the service of some champion much more stable in his principles than Mr. Cast Wa want candidate on the definite platform of Ihe compromise. This is Ihe ligament that binds us in beauty and unity, and when this is once severed, alas for the prosperity of our Union 1 Where is Ihe man so unpatriotic, so contracted in his views, as not to act when a duty of so great a magnitude is imposed upon him. The adoption of the compioinise measures lias marked new era in our history, and one per haps of almost unpricedented importance. "There is work for every man lo do." On this point we would beditliiidy understood, that we cannot be iniluoed to auppini the nominee even of our own Convention, if lli;.t nominee is known to be hostile to the measures of the compromise. If this is going too far, then we are on the side of authority, for it is nothing more than has been averred by leading men of both parties. Such was the spirit of Ihe compromise acts, lint how is friend Ament on this point? Does lie pledge himself to the nominee of the Deinocrutio Con vention, without Ihe slightest reservation? Come no v, let your readers know what to de pend on I The object of every convention is to obtain the wishes of the majority of that party whose exponent it is, to deliberate upon them calmly and dispassionately, and fix upon a can didate who will ensure the united vole of thai party. How can this be accomplished, when every member of that convention is biased, each respectively, for Clay, Fillmore, Crittenden or Scott ? It will be seen that the balance of power lies in the hands of those who have pledged themselves to no one. If all pledge, it is a perfeot failure, and we may as well play the psntomime in any other farce, with the hope of practical advantage. The leading journals of Ihe different States are looked upon as the ex ponents ofthe respective parties. They are the pulses, as it were, of the community Ihe most extensive medium of forming an opinion of the state of feeling within their respective spheres, and it behoove them to be very careful how Ihey enter into pledgee which their constituents cannot endorse. lint this shall never lead us to the sacrifice of principle. Seldom, at any pe riod, has the state of political affairs called for greater discretion, than the present. Not from one alone, but both purlin. Coalitions anomalous in the history of politics, render it almost im possible to reduce Ihe claims of aspirants to any thing more definite than slight probabilities Wo ore entirely conservative, mid while our contempt lor tliu Abolitionists ot the North knows no bound's, we nro loutli to claim brotherhood with Hie "Fire-enter" of the South. Does our neighbor imag ine we could support either of those? Without soma ground of suspicion, surely not! Where is the consistency in denoun cing them ami Hiippor'ing a non-coin pro mise ninnf The former come out in plain terms anil advocate the principles of disun ion the latter with n perfect self-complacency expects lo escape censure, but "To In;, or not lo be," is now the only issue. If we place a slew match in communication with a powJer flask, is llio effect less cer tain; is the consequenco less sturtliii",? By no means. This is not a moment for parleying. There me active nnd negative unties, uud it is the lieiglitli of folly for n man to suppose that lie can escape the res- iionsibililics of those, by performing these, t is not sufficient thai he take no active measures against the compromise, but ab solutely uccessary that lie should become its warm advocate. "The man who is de Hirous of Whig support, for the next Pres idency, must bu bevniid suspicion or cavil, in favor of the n We couslittiiion--not of u jtatt. 'J'hoiie who are in favor of only n ol Dial instrument, aro enemies lo the whale." Our neighbor fears that we ure "giving (ienetul M'oit a position wiiliout futthoii- ty," but thin la a creature of his imagina tion, and rather what lie desires we should do, than just n ground of supposition on his part, induced from nny position that we imve assumed with relation to the subject. On the other hand we do twi desire to give lien. Scott a "position." He already holds a position, ul least dubious, and thecal! of if'tnotisiii, as well as the vital interests ol lis party, should induce him to rclinquili it immediately. If lie seeks popularity, he hns certainly taken a most misguided course, nud in so doing, Ijcniiiubi the ener gies ot Ins party. If he lias not the manli-iies.-i to avow his sentiments unreservedly and explicitly, then he is not the man that the emergency ot the times dumunds. When has Fillmore in a singlo instance shrunk from the responsibilities of duty? We challenge its production. Such men we want, and others we have in our party, men who, if culled upon to do either, will sacrifice individual interest for the grnerul well fare of the country. We hope that our neighbor lias by this lime at least some slight idea of our "where abouts." I le says in speiking of lien. Scott, "The best guide to a man's opinions, in the absence of anv expression from himself, is the action of his nearest and most zealous friends, and as thry are against the Com promise, we must believe he is ton," and seems to bo diverted with the idea of "choo sing delegates to n better Convention to se lect a belter man." "Why not sny at once, you wouldn't support him?" If it will nll'ord the slightest gratification, we say that we will support no nominee of the National Convention, unless chosen on the broad principle of the compromise. How ever varied may have been the opinions of uitlerciil imliviiliials at the time ol the n doption .ii tlue resolutions, nil should now unite upon its common basis. Here is a new scion on the tree of Liberty, nnd let none dare to pluck a single leaf. Tho ex pi'diency of lopping one branch, and allow- nig another to grow, has been Hilly discuss ed ami the object now is to guard that sci - on I ruin the ruthless totf.li of those who have had no share in its culture. What is tliospiritofcninpnuiiise, but the pin pose of sacrificing minor interests in the attain ment of one great good? Is it necessary, in order to endorse the compromise meas ures, thai we conceive each nnd every one of them to have been most expedient and best adapted to promote 'he object in view? If so, we linvn't entered into the true spirit ol tlio compromise, lor we have gained the end, without being culled upon to modify a single opinion, lint thoohicct is mined. and philanthropists must rally under the common standard. Citt Hotel. There is nothing like a good dinner lo put a man in a good humor with himself and the "rest of mankind." We are in a particularly good humor wild Mashi UUKE& Hance, lor treating lie yesterday, to a superb dinner. They had t.ot only all the rarities of the season, lo be found in water and on land in this part of the world; but the dulioacies of the far off tropioes were muster ed into service. From experience and obser vuiion, we are prepared (o assert that no reasonably man can oomplain of the qaunlily, quality, style of cuoking, or attendance. In support of this we can summon for witnesses, all the boarders at the City Hotel and they are not few in number A Beet "as is" a Beet. Another beat was presented us on Monday last, by Mr Jas A. .H. Lampton. of New London. Rnlla Comity, which measures eighteen inches in circumference! This beet just beats any beet that ever was raised on this side of the river. We are determined we will not be outdone by the "Free Press" man in the way of beets, and by the way, we're inclined lo think he must have been paid by the inoh fur measur ing the one he received. TheSoNOBA was lowed down yesterday by the New England. Mr. J. R. Abebnatiiy, formerly editor of III "''i"ve iij suvu I leu E Jt ime sihsbiivvw vvmuhiuii tss sssa n sssva w s ts ssu the 1 am Mercury has sold his interest in that i,eme ,idB by tide ) millionaires, and, in shor', 1 Union, though perhaps we may except Rhode ........ I.. fl.. . u fi, S.T .. If. A I . I i'.i .11 !.:-..:,. I . ; . ill I " . I- , J- . f. J ' c . paper to Dean & Mason. Mr. A. has purchased all the fixtures necessary fur a new start at La grange. His paper will be called the Lagrange Missouri!!. Success attend him. Ainoriien Steamuoat Laonciiud. Last Tuesdsy afternoon, at 4 o'clock, the Sonora glided majestioidly down her ways, and was launched upon Ihe broad bosom of Ilia Missis sippi. The spectators, of w horn a considerable number were present, went home well pleased with what they had seen, and particularly pleased thai Hannibal should be able lo afford such superior facilities fur boat building. An other boat, the third pluced on Ihe stocks this Summer, will tuke the place just deserted by the Sonura. Captain Saltmarsh will command the Sonora. She is said lo be callable of con veying 200 Ions mure than the Kate Kearney, 1 he lioal Yard belones lo Snider & Co. Mr. Clark is the builder, lie is said lo be unsur passed by any boat builder in Ihe West. New Advertisements. Unnnibul Foundry. If you have any work in their line, call on Mitchell & Ueuiiimton. I'heir adverlisemei.t will tell you whereto find the in. fke card of Twm-is AT Dunnold. The Store House at the corner of Ilird and Water streets is for Rent. t'igor nnd Tobacco Storenew establishment. II Leer & Arbogatt have opnnod a neat look ing store, where they can furnish customers with everything in their line. Cigars good in particular judge from experience .Wo Store u.ore business more enter prise. The people will be glad lo find from his card in this week's paper, that M. A Lindsley it again uthit old stand, tho "Creut Western." For the Wettern Union. ODE TO THE CHOLERA 1 Dread Ravitherl I hear thy iron treail And tliy noitoine brrutli speeds with tht mom's gay wing! Thy brand but waved, myriad-lnngiir-d dread Ik-fore I lice flie, anil Hope f orgets to fling Her mantle o'er thy wrath! Orient boro, Thou'st swept remorseless thy horde-swarming home I The pnng, the groan, Ihe tear, thy chalice-draught (If joy, iufatialiluol' tints', llinuM totalled! While slaughters Ii0ilnr thy giiin shape adorn) Till black wild horror, thy i(-c.tie goblets gloain, And none can .lay, High Minister of Dual lit thy reck less dioinvl To Jedo's inhospitable ward thou'st forced Unpetitioned way and ilirely langht I he courtesy of lear. Where Kianku's coursed In peace, thrice ten servire-lu.tlra, wrought A ghastly desolation) deridpil I'sgoda's sanctity and from their shrines Snatched Uoodha's sundal'd priests of gait devout, And turned Divinity to angry doubt I Skipp'd o'er Hiimnaleh's rock-harrier, wed Unto the skies, t'wbere many a pilgrim whines His mystic Veda-prayert and Ava's splendor sliine.nl 3 Gunga's waters could not cleanse thy wound, Nor Benare's sacred towers flight thee oiTI Calmuck steppes thou'st reamed with wanton bound; Or C'abul't martial clangor made a scoff) Media's ancient tremor woke and lent Another note, to Judah's "Harp of woe". Itnslud o'er the land proud, peerless, yet a wreck, Whose -.peaking dust, 'twas Amnion's son's to deck) By beauty's gnllpy-ttale, 'theiigh honnr'd, rent) Kevi-I'd nenl h Byzantine Mosques, that throw Their minarets on high, while peals the prayer below! 4 Islam's nrnphet cannot intercede Successful for thy check! Like Othtnan't sons, Thou'st Attic glories doomed once moieto bleed, And rekindled memory that woiiues By Suuiiiin's steep, of Terror's banquet clays; Hid Tuscan mothers, mid magnificence Of ruin, re-ope Ihe fountains of their tears, And iintoinb the sorrows of a thousand years: Laiigli'd in Gallic strife's and passion's blaze, At howling boastful Battle's impotence, And strewn, with tempest arm, thy mounts of victim's dense! Slavic might thy linlilniiur scimitar Hath proved ami Scandinavia's Northern fields! On Andalusia's flashed thine evil star, And Aiilao vulortreach'ious lil,thatshiclds Protective, an Km pi re-real in o'er land and sea! Thou'st made, at ouo bold vault, Columbia's strand, Jly Ihy alien slep alone, distaiued, A goodly vineyard, unto Freedom gained fly lion strokes, that mercenaries Ave: Made with blood-dyed luiment to demand An hundred Hecatomb., to grace Ihy triumphs grand! G Majestic cemi'rer! Continents and Isles, Shore and Main, the (ilobe thy spoil, I've seen Thy twice, mad onset, till a world of smiles A world of griefs was formed. And I would e'en Track Hire tolliyduiigeoii-lioiiie,thy eave, (Hack as foulest Midnight, paved Willi gore, Hung with mangled limbs, Ihy nice taste culls, With monumental, entrance cone of sculls; And hail the hour thine appetite shall crave To gnaw Ihy loathsome sell', when gone thy store, And thy old, ciu.cd bvues clatter at thy ravenous roar I T. A. M. St. Louis Correspondence. St. Louis, Aug. 25. 1801. . Dear Clems According to oft-reueuted promises 1 commence my correspondence from this Uabel of city life. The past week has beeu one of unusual variety, tliuugh not quite so pregnant with Ihe spirit of murder that charac terized Ihe preceding one. During its passage it has favored us with showers and sutisl. me al one lime stilling us with clouds of dusl, and at another, darkening our very souls with low ering clcuds. Yesterday and the day before were sweltering ones for those who had much out-door business. . In Ihe item line but little has transpired ; and, according to reportoriul phrase, "the market it very dull for thai commodity. The principle effect of attention during Ihe week has beeu an idiot who was picked up on the street by one of our efficient policemen, who conveyed him to the calaboose. There he held an open court for several days ; some four or five hundred persons physicians, lawyers, divines, (excuse In W S Ik si ft (.-as r Ita tis-iA in til it f 1 1 1 re a llnK nni.naila au the whole world and hit wife having crowded lo catch a glimpse at that wonderful object. I improvement of the soil, and comparatively lit ln stature he is about five feet, six or seven in-1 He is done to exhaust it without compensation. dies, but stoops a good deal : his limbs are lone and lean and have no definite shape ; his head is the very personification of an apa; he has a countenance iu whioh the slightest approach to reason cannot be discovered, he speaks only wilh a quick, guttural sound ; and his actions are as quick and meaningless as those of the animal he resembles, and lake him all in all, he is an object win would lead a person, after the first emotion of pity had subsided, lo think what a prize lie would afTord to Barnuin. What a theory would that prince of hum buggers found upon his appearance. A new nation would spring up, of which he would be a favorable specimen. Veriuus are the sur mises iu vogue as lo his arrival, parentage, eto , all of which are tha mere creations of oonjeoturr. Some aver that he is the offspring of some hard hearted parent, who has immured him in some place of imprisonment from which he has es caped. Another apeaks as from authority that he has been brought over from the other side of the river and "accidentally ' lost. While an other, more charituble than the rest, supposes that ha has strayed away Irom his parents and home. On rnday he was removed lo the County Farm that receptacle of the drunkard and villain, where he will most likely spend tlie residuu of his days Some little excitement hat beeu raised by Ihe news from Cuba, but as you have the latest news, by the papers, I will only slate that on lo-nighl there is expected to be a large and enthusiastic meeting in the sixth ward, when a good deal of high flying, and some hifalming sppeclius, will have birth. Hut more of it in my next. i jUrs, C . Uisiioi Wauoii preached at the M. U. Church last Sunday. Uur citizens were well pleased with him, und thought he fully diserves Ihe nigh reputation lie lias'uired. nasiachuMtti and Missouri Compared. There is a Rood deal of information in the following article taken from the New York Tri bune, and louildeu on Ilia census ot 10U0. It is true that Missouri ia spoken of rather slight, tingly, mainly because she happens to have slaves within hr borders, but we let that pass, with a single remark. Il is said, that Ilia alow increase of Ihe slave population 'points uner ringly to the destiny ol Missouri at white State." This may be legitimate argument, but we can tell the edi.'.or ol the Tribune, that the Abolitionists of the free Slates the slave se ducsra and the slave protectors have done more to perpetuate slavery in Missouri than all other causes eumbineu'. Even if there had been a disposition among lh. people to take measures for llieeraduul emanoitation of the slaves in the State, this disposition hits been arrested by the wanton interference of the people of the Free States in a matter which does not concern them in any shape whatever. The legitimate result of the action of the Abolitionists within the last ten years, has been to postpone indefinitely all efforts ul philanthropists to change the relation of the slave lo his master. It never can be done under any outward pressure, such as has been used by the Abolitionists and their sympa thizers and if they had bean Ihe true friends of the slave, and not mere political traders, using this as their capital, ihey would have found il out befure this lime. IV. ..I........ IS.. - I...- f .1 . ...I... tvuviviv.i.iuv uuuiuci vi Riaici WIIU II,... .....i... ...i.l ;.. the census, is altogether too small only fifty . ' . . . .. . I nine in 1850. This is unquestionably errone ous, and is to be attributed lo the carelessness with which Ihe questions were put and snswer ed. We have no doubt the number was much greater. The year 1850 was one of the cholera years in this Slate, and this will account for the unu sual mortality which the census slate to have taken place in Missouri. The climate is no worse than that ol many other slates in the Union, and we are comparatively free, strange aa it may seem, ol a disease which carries off prubaMy one-lourlh ol those who die in Mas sachusettslire cunsumjtion Itepublicon. i'lom Ihe New Voik Tribune. Massachusetts and Missouri. We publish in another place Ihe statistics of population, dwellings, health, and so forth, in Massachusetts and Missouri, as exhibited by the census of 1850. The comparison of the two States will be found instructive. Missouri hud been a Slate thirty years when the census was taken ; Massachusetts was one of the original members of Ihe Confederation. When the former was admitted into Hie Un ion iu 1820, she numbered 00,080 souls, and toe latter, 023,287. Missouri has now wore than ten limes the population she had then, while in these thirty years the people of Mas sachusetts have not quite doubled. This is not. surprising. Massachusetts, in point of soil and climate, is one of Ihe least favored Slstes, nud Missouri one of the most. The natural tenden cy of men, as Ihey grow rich and strong, is to go from the poor lo the rich soils, and hence it is to be expected that Missouri should grow faster than her eastern sister. The miracle is, that Willi her soil and olunate, and with richer lands and more genial airs lo attract her chil dren elsewhere, Massachusetts should have gained as she has. This Slate reckoned in 1840, 738,000 inhab itants ; to-day she has !)03,00t, the rate of in crease being 34 1-2 per cent.; from 1830 to 1840 it was 20 3-4 per vent., and from 1820 to 1830, il was lb' 3-4 per cent. The rate of increase is thus largely augmenting. This is lo be at tributed lo the attraction which the progress of wealth and improvement in agriculture as well as iu manufactures, exercises upon population. In Vermont, where manufactures are yet to be established to any considerable extent, the in crease for each of the two last decades lias beou but 4 per cent., while in Rhode Island, aa we have shown in a previous article, the growth of manufactures, together with Ihe excellent and truly popular character of the legislation, has produced an increase of 44 percent. Mass acbusetts counts U,702 manufacturing establish ments, producing yearly $500 and upward. This gives one lo each 102 persons ; but uo other State has ao many large establishments. Uhode Island has one lo each 103 persons. ' Massachusetts contains an area of 5,302,000 , acres, and accordingly number one person to ' each 5 1-2 acres of her foil. She om easily ' auppurl five limes as many, and at the present rile, another half ceulnry will have carried her population up to that figure. Agriculture in this Sta'e is generally in a innpsa ssflajaimuil Mfirifiilafaft lllun aaliaAilSurA in lliA Island. A great deal ia constantly done for the There are 33,989 farms under cultivation, or one to every 29 persons; in Rhode Island there is one lo each 1 in Vermont one lo each 10-1-2 j in Maine one lo eaoh 10 3-4 ; South Car olina one to each 24 J iu Mew York one to eaoh 12 1-4. Missouri has an area capable of sustaining a population of thirty-five millions. She had, 1820, 00,500 inhabitants, and for leu years in creased a little more 100 per cent., giving her 140,445 in 1830 ; for the next decade her rate of increase was 173 percent., giving hr 383,. 702 in 1840 and i.ow she counts b'82,044, in king the rate of increase only 77 3-4 per cent., which is a vast falling ofr from either of the previous decsdes. This Stale has now 87,422 slaves ten years since she had 08,240; their rate of increase has accordingly been 50 per cent.; from 1830 to lolo it exceeded 100 per oeul. JNow, as then, however, the slave population increases more slowly man tlie Iree. llus points unerringly to the destiny of Missouri as a white Stale, while South Carolina aud the others in that lat itude are as evidently destined to be black States. That is to say, in the one white will be the predominant complexion, slid in the oth er blaok. Missouri has 2 544 free colored peo ple : in 1840 she had 1,074. She has 90.805 dwellings, by which is meant (hose of Ihe free population, no aooount being luken of the n um ber of those occupied by Ihe slaves, This fact we were not aware of iu writing our former ar ticles, in whioh Ihe proportion of people to houses in the slave States was spoken ul. Missouri counts, then, to her 100,834 free families, (slaves ul course have no lamilies, Ihe patriarchal insti lution conferring tint luxury on the patriarch or master, but not on the slave,) 90,805 houses, making about 4,000 cases in which there more than on family to a dwelling; a smaller number proportionately than in Vermont, Maine or ii ew l orn, in niassacnusetis uiero are 192,143 families to 152,359 houses, giving 40, 000 families which lodge more than one under a single root, lit Missouri there are little more than 0 persona to house, and nearly 0 to a family. tMssssoliusells hat 0 12 lo a house, alio; 0 is the average lo a family. Missouri has 64,471 farms under cultivation, or .one lo every 2 1-2 persons. This again shows how near aha ia to being a free Stale. South Carolina, the great strocghold of slavery, has but one lo each 24, Missouri has one manu facturing establishment lo every 225 persons, while the old State of South Carolina has but one lo each 405, and Maryland, another old Stale, one to each 150. No woud.tr Missouri is outstripping them. In this Stale tho deaths, during the year 1850, were one to each 50 ol Ihe population, lu Massachusetts Ihey were one lo each 51 persons ) here the rale of mor tality is frightful, worse even Ihan in Arkansas, where it is one lo 54. The cause is mainly lo be found in the climate of Ihe State, which is at bad as can be imagiuad. Manufacturing em ployments have a mora or less unfavorable in fluence, but if Ihey alone could produce audi mortality, we should see il repeated in HhuUe Island, where, however, the deaths are only 1 to 00. in Massachusetts there are 17.000 more males than females ; ia Mitsouri, 34,000 more males that females, ll is singular thai, in every Slate, exjept Massachusetts and Khode Island, that we hate yet had ocoasion '.o speak of in coiiiinen'mg on the census, the number of the n - - -' ruder culislderablv exceeds tint of the fairer I ; r I . muiety of humanity Tliuugh Missouri is a border Stste, the num ber of slaves thai run away is small. 1 is 1800 there were only 01), or one to each 1,482 ( that it, about one-third as many as iu Maryland The luanuiniaaioiis in Ihe year were 04, or less Ibau half as many as in that State. As appeara above, Massachusetts has in creased much more rapidly during the last leu years than me ten years preceding, and Mis souri much less. The reason of this we sup- pose to be that, during a great part of the de - I.. lil'ln . . Iu ,.. I:..: i cade frum 1830 lo 1840, we were living under the compromise larifl, which caused bankruptcy and rum, stuped our lautones and furnaces, and, as a natural consequence, dispersed those who had worked iu them, and had beeu consumers of food, to the new regions of the West, there to become producers of food and competitors in the grain marketa of the world with the far mers they left behind them. Under this ten dency the relative growth of the new States was astonishing, liut after 1842, we had four years ot protection, and these lour years pow erfully checked ibis impoverishing movement j of dispersion. The consequence is that, while; the old manufacturing Stales have gained iu their rutiu of increase, the new agricultural Stutes have fullen off, and the growth of popu latiou has bemi more equally distributed. This fuct would seem loshow, beyond dispute, the beneficent iulluence of protection upon the country. MASSACHUSETTS RECAPITULATION. Dwellings in the Stale 152,35!) Families iu the State 192,243 White Males 483,400 White Females 000,055 Total Whites 984,016 Colored Males 4,348 Colored Females 4,515 . Total Colored Aggregate Population Deaths during Ihe year Farms in cultivation Manufacturing establishments, 8.8G3 992.889 i-! oao 33,JsJ producing :f500 and upward 9,702 MISSOUKI-RECAPITULATION Dwellings in the State Families in the Slate 90 805 100,834 White Males 212 980 White Females 279,082 Free Colored Mules Free Colored Females Total Whites Total Free Colored Slaves Males Females Total Slaves Aggregate Population Deaths during the year Farms iu culivution Manufacturing establishments producing $500 and upward Runaway Slaves in 1850 Manumitted 1,339 1,200 592,078 2,544 43,508 43,914 87,422 682,044 12,217 54,471 3,027 59 54 ELECTIONS IN TEXAS. Nrw Orleans, 18th Aug. We have dates from Texas to the 10th, giv ing full returns of the late election in that State in ten counties. Peter H. Hell, for Governor, has 1,200 ma jority ever all opposition, and is doubtless elee- -? ,r .i r . i. i. leu : anu uui. Liniuerswaru, vimuunii emu- led Lieutenant Governor. Riohardson Seary. Democrat, is elected to Congress in Ihe r irsl District. Voluev E. Howard, Democrat, iu the Second District, by from two to five hundred majority. Ualveston, Aug. 10. Returns received give Bell, Whig, for Gov ernor, 3,400 majority over all opposition. Ntw Orleans, Aug. 10. We have dates from El Paso lo 23d ult. The Boundary Commissioners, near the river Gila, had discovered an important error in Ihe boun dary line, being ten miles from the new buun- "" TENNESSEE ELECTION. Nashville, A ug. 22. In Knoxville District, Churchill's (Demo crat) majurity for Congress over Anderson (Whig), is said to be 12; this will make the delegation stand the same as in the last Con grass. Campbell's majurity fur Governor is between 1,600 and 1,700. Vote run Governor and Lieut. Govern or. We published a telegraphic dispatch from tranklorl yesterday morning, wlncii siaieoj me official majority for Powell in 90 counties at B31. Ills vole will be published olliolalty on the first Tuesday in September by the Secreta ry ol state. Ihe Yeoman of Yesterday says i "All tho counties are official but Pike, which leaves the result, Powell, 04 291 Dixon 53,400; majurity for Powell, 831. Letoher, not heard from. 'We doubt if Letoher sends in her ofh ciul vote ; she never has hut once, and that was in May last. If she does not, Ihe majority will stand as it is, 831. If she does, il may reach 1,000 for Powell; we think uo more than 950. Thompson 53,344, Wicklitte 47,190; majority fur Thompson., 6,149." Louisville Journal. Another mode of deiiioiiairalisst III t; it nil's MoihiIoii. It ii announced that a Professor in Hut gerS College hu devised a new mode of demonstrating the rotutiun of the earth,, which is even more beautiful than the eel ebruted pendu.um experiment, and which inuy be practiced in any oidinury room. The raiiunale of the American experiment bus not yet been given, tluit we know of, but the iN. Y. Sun describes the apparatus an simply a large, light wooden wheel, ly ing horizontal, uud ttuspeuded in its centre, which has a Docket, renting on a steel point like n Compaq needle. The wheel is accu uilely balunced, nnd fiee to turn on its centre: and il actuuily dues turn from lelt lo right, like the hands of a watch, with out uny moving power whatever being ap plied. At the risk of being laughed at by the man who writes philosophy lor the) "Union ist," we will attempt an explanation of this wonderful experiment. It will be easily perceived that as all purls of the earth revolve round a common , centre in the same spuce of time, that such portions thereof as lie nearest the equator must of necessity move luster thatt slicrt ! portions thereof as lie nearer the poles. j This follows from the fact that the euutorh- ul regions in these revolutions (being great- er iu circumference t!iun the polar), hrtce1 lo travel a greater distance in the sumo" time, which '.hey can only do by a more rapid motion. The same must of course be true ol the bodies that lie on the earth's" suifuce their sides which lin nearest the' equator move faster during the eaith's rev olutions than do the opposite sides, next to the poles, because they move through a luruer circle. II u lurire wheel be laid up . 0n the eurfh, ull parts of il partake of the- . . .... earth s motion in consequence ot the mo tion exerted upon the under side of the wheel; uud of course, although the equato rial side of the wheel in moving round the earth s pole luster Hum the polar one, yet uo motion of eithei the eurlh or the wheel will bu perceptible. Let now the wheel be balanced on its hub, in such a munner ns to permit the most perfect freedom of motion the wheel still being hoiizonul the wheel will then only receive motion irom the earth through t1B mtdiuin of tliu buluncing point at its centre. Consequently, its equatorial and polar sides will move around the earth's pole with eipitil speed, uud the wheel in stead of revolving on its own axis also, will reitiuin relatively fixed, while the earth re volves beneath il. There is no doubt but in a vacuum, every tiling would lake place as here described. Whether, us asserted by the Professor who devised the experiment il will succeed in free air, can only be determined by actual trial. Mor. Journal. Noam Carolina Election. From the first Congressional district of this Slate, where Mr. Clingmaii is opposed by Burgess S. (Jaither, both Whigs, we have no information. In Ihe .,....,i .i r.,ii. a,.iroi. I...-., i. v rvi.i aii "J amtt T Morehead, Whigs, being without iwiilur ininosilion. urn of course elected. Wm. S. Ashe, Democrat, is re-elected without oppo sition, iu tha seventh district. We have before mentioned the election ol Alfred Dockery, Edward Stanly, and David Outlaw, all Whigs, ' iu the third, eighth and ninth districts. I torn the Iwo remaining districts, (the lil'tb and sixth,). Uemocruts must be elected, as there were no Whig candidates in the field. So that Ihe dele gation from the State will consist of six Whiga and three Democrats. Mr. Dockery'a majority in the third district, over Creen W. Caldwell, the lute member, is estimated by the Fayette ville Observer at from 1,000 lo 1,000 votes,, which it pronounces to be a glorious Union victory. Nat. Int. Henry Clat and the next Presidency. The Lexington Observer and Reporter, speak ing ofthe movements now being made in favor of certsiti gentlemen aa candidates for the next Presidency says : "We look upon it as utterly unwise in either paity to stir Ihe question of the Presidency at this early time. But as we have no right to make any suggestions exocpt in regard to the party with which we are identified we will say, aimply, that its continuance in power, in the Executive branch of the Uovernment, depends upon the judgment wilh which the Whigs art during the next six months, ll may be that the next session of Congress will develop a slate of things which will demonstrate the abso lute neoessitv of calling to the Presidency tha man to whom in every trial all eyes Seem !o utn ,nd invoke hi interposition to save thi Li,in should this take ulsoe. it will be dom hy tue UrUa oo-operaiion of both parties, and thus put an end to party landmarks aa they have existed lor twenty-live years, w newer the health and strength of the illustrious patriot will allow this gloriuus termination ol his pub lic career, is of course, in the womb of time. That a vast majority of Ihe American people do earnestly desire this consumption, there is to our minds not a shadow of doubt. But wa too well know the power of party discipline lo put full faith in the accomplishment of thia noble end. Yet, whilst Henry Clay lives, his friends will not yield the hope, nor cease their effort lo put him where he may do far more fur tUf country than the Presidency could oonfer re nown upon lim. We hope no one will indulge the supposition for a moment, that Mr. Clat know any thing of what we choose to write. He will, we doubt not, make known his viewe ai.d inten-i lions, if it be necessary, at Ihe appropriate time and iu a proper manner. All that we desire, now is to give it as our oonviction, thai in the elements vow at work in Ihe struggle for the Presidency, the name of the patriot of Ashland) is not an unforgotteu one." Supreme Court It has been well sor- tuinect at JefTersuii City, that William Scott has been elected, JuJge of the Supreme Court of llus State, Hi majority will be about five hundred over Judge Nation. The court will, therefore, for the next six years, be composed of Messr. Gamiile, Rvland and Scott, an e ble und upright Bench. Republican, The Lady's Book for September it received. It seems even letter then usual.