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Hannibal journal. (Hannibal, Mo.) 1852-1853, July 15, 1852, Image 1

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H A M Ml M A- If . . . I a ifi P m ii -:5:;
XJi 1 -J U .LI V 1 A A 0 1) V L I I . Yi W i ; j h ,
I-
V
o
It 1 . . . - "
uoiiar, n paid in Advance? if not paid w.thti
Sgjffonths, One Dollar and Fifty Cents; if not "paid within Tivelre Months, TWO 1)0,. uhs:
OL. II.
PUBLISHED BY 0. CLEMENS, ON HILL STREEiNEARMAlyt A FEW DOORS WEST OF SKLMRS WTlf.niNr
TT A "MTNJTn A T IXm titttti , ' ' ' '
u ,,, - ' "wai wgainb, juh 10, 1852. , . NfFST"
s For the.
w"'7i,,tB W that h.
io late ft . . . "".out being received
L I W"k p,pr' lnM!rt
M'Vi have melancholy tone,-
iMLttno,pher"ID eh,red "1lh Hit,
soil ,"1" s' event in tim,
r ""i nd B,0, ,orrorf" "vent,
J0 bretnembered with profound regret.
" aM li Tib,, wlb "d t
' oil W ,houU tht ,,urJy oice?-
'M b ht on to guat it dead !
toafellwt a being ,et to die,-
wb.,t e.ort.l,nd it may be so ,
' no lo can I douW,ror here,
piragrapD0Untei , ueri M.
''""VTfcMeetoliv..
Ht T u ittAt Mi forevef
tbil grt.pher. hit noble toul
paiatd a, to realm, of pac and bli...
Aad now . Mttn be.rt i. filled with .orrow,
" on. M Mftown anJ we beovt,,
Ha h , eti,h,nce But hb br.gW
Will m, bover Vr, to guide and bleu
J great "j'YIttr -
fcd to become what now it ia,
! jr people erer wiiely beed
mn Mwmpst hihh ami riuqueni appeal.
Which bireat natter mind to fervently declaimed
To the aiatt Senate of a night nation.
Twat Sentiment thut :
"Then unite from the North and (lie South.
From the Qantic't broad thore to Columbia"! mouth j
Let the pat of our nation forever u one,
Harmoniotj beat in complete uniton
Let our St f pangted Banner wave proudly o'er all j
For 'unit4e stand, divided we fall.
Let the ba of our Uriion't inteperabl chain
Now and Twer umevered remain."
4C.W.
me 30th, 1852.
combat, and the icene pertupa, 0f dreadful
things. I may die to-morrow, and 1 cannot die
without teeing my boy.
'Why boy not here?' taid the Indian, who
tood with hit back to the emntv flmnlnoo. l.;io
Jolin Wateri nut on hit hunting clothing for the
journey.
My boy it nut here bcAtute I tent him away,'
replied the emigrant.'
'Why tend boy away?' continued the Indi.n.
curioutlj.
lJecaute he wanted to marry a girl I don't
like.
'What girt do?' taid the Tutcarora."
'Notliiiiir. But
. O .iin.EbiiMCin.iM
""" ro auspiciori aooui ni character; and 1
don't like connection with low people,' taid
-iin, routing inmieir to indigntitiou at the
mougiit.
.1 ! . . .....
tnuwn unacraianu giri'a father got old coat,
.pc jngiiiin, not aogood ai rich pale-fac
(iirl very bad.'
'It if not because her fnthoi. !.
John quickly. God forbid that I should make
inai a crime,'
nv. then, no like o-irl? t,,.:.i,i t,
inuian.
rtonn.a , 1. n..i.l . j .
' Juwiiman it noc a BCcomnanint.
u me, uiu suwuiu w iii iuy nia uiuier-in-iaw
HUE STH TREES,
OB
arittmaa ia ta Backwoods,
rBT rKKCT B. ST. 40HK.
i -
, (Continued.)
. John leed once more over the parapet to
Watch. Indians were beyond gunshot,
and his poion was not at all dangerous for the
moment, suddenly he heard a crcakiuj; noise
below. Ibunjf over the edge of the wall just
5 in ti9 that some one tad just left it by
a little tidor seldom used. It was a woman,
it was qui 1 ear, wrapped in a large cloak.
Astonisnedijarmcd, filled witli vnguc suspi
cions, the errant, after assuring himself that
the Tuspart Jlva safe, watched with breathless
interest tliqlovcinents of the girl. She took
care to inovf thf shadow of the trees, and had
evidently cully observed thd retreat selected
' by the Ituty. Her course was taken in a
li recti on q opposite to that by which the
(aes haded. Between the house and the
AuSgroves a hillock, as high nearly as all
tioUip 0f trees. On its summit were a
jre of ts, piled round a tall but dead
The g ascended this hillock, usually the
scene of fanr .bonfires, and disappeared. She
remained cieolcd about five minutes. John
watched herith intense anxiety. Suddenly
the rcapped, running fast and for her life.
There were dcntly Uirce Indians behind her.
'Cover tliirl witliyour rifles, boys,' roared
John, as he kiclf took aim at one of the pur
suers. , Scarcely V tic spoken, when four distant
cracks of riflwere heard. The savages had
approached tear the low log-hut, and all
three fell victilo their temerity. At the same
instant a cracng sound was heard, and then
uprose high ie air a tremendous blaze; the
wood pile of t) Tree Hill was on fire. The
wood was dr4 resinous, the tree was dead
nd hollow, trswrots were lightly piled, and
up on high, dly, madly, rose the flames.
There wut cntkig in the pile, there was the
roaring of a bl furnace in the hollow tree, and
Chen when theses burst forth at the summit,
there was light that of day; the trees looked
ghostly and pas the distance, the red-skins
moving about m on the edge of the forest,
looked like deja, while round about the hill
there was a gland a heat like one might find
in the mouth c volcano. Uitrious to know
why the girl hdone this, John descended to
the general poi, and found the young squaw
tending in thaidst of a wondering group,
trembling a lit: it is true, out of breath, but
grave, tamest, tmn.
Why did nyter go out and set fire to the
woodpile,' saklih, addressing the girl gently.
'It was dark 51 y brothers, the pule faces,
could not see tight. The Wild Kose gave
them a torch bjhich they can tell when the
red wolvee canrcplied the girl meekly.
I thanlc yoiace more young girl, but I
think we could It managed without it. That
(ile of wood waittable,' observed the cautious
armer. -
Life better I wood. Indian very cun.
ninir pood DaUce have light to see.'
Well. weBl Ure say it will do no harm.
But now, let ajl re to rest, and not a woman
"be seen any mOf ol uieir quarters uut nigui,
without orders ey are wauveu i win sum
man them.' X
Jane aetthefOale of obedience. She rose,
md aKUttattaAtt-J&lWfld be k ftmaWs
eluding' the Wise. John first saw that
...r. ,J.ce waa tif astaiied, and tlien returned
to the root Heu appointed Fred sentinel,
.trict orderadl the rest to lie down and
-t.n. not in theamon room, but in a large
partent adoinUkat oec ipied by the wo-J-n.
lie f nrthmeeted the aeiitries to re
lieve each ether half hour, and thtu went
again below, accied by the Indian.
TOU think,' John,' looking fixedly at
that would wak to Oak 1 Mnt
4 back before dif
a 1 have aid,' reJ the Indian, 'but my bro
to be a brother.
'U ! said the Indian, drily, ' I see. Son
marry no get wife please him, brother please
you.'
' No, no! you do not understand,' cried John
impatiently : your educatton is different from
ours.'
'J ohn Tutcarora Christian ; Moravian teach
him good men all equal. God ask no ouestions
when you die ; he no say, you been poor low
fellow when you live, I don't know you you
respectable man come alongside of me. Whv
man make himself greater than God?'
John turned his back. He could not answer
such words. He might have objected that the
difference of education which probably existed
between his son and Caterina might make her
unfit to be his wife ; but this would have been
unfair argument. He knew nothing of the girl,
he had heard rumors against the old Dutchman,
but no man can decently condemn any living
being on hearsay. The law admits no such
evidence, and no sane man will ever be influ
enced by it. Betides, if Edward seriously loved
the young girl, it was cruel to oppose his mar
riage ; a sensible, thoughtful young man, like
Ned, would scarcely choose very unwisely, and
for a young girl there is always every opportu
nity for improvement. But John did not want
to argue.
As soon as he was dressed he took his hunting-knife,
a short rifle, a thot pouch, and powder
horn, and signing to the Indiaji, opened a similar
door to that at which the Wild Hose had gone
out. It fattened with a key, and as soon as thev
wer : in the open air, he locked it carefully, put
the key in a hole which let it fall insido the
house, and then looked around.
'Who de debble lurk about dese diggins?' said
a voice from the log hut. 'Expwets your at
tentions in considwable slick lingo, Zip him
take de berry partiklar liberty ob exhilirating
him shooting iron.'
'It is I, Zip good Zip,' replied John in a low
tone. 'Keep a sharp lookout, and say nothing
about my going out.'
'All correct, massa. Zip possum, racoon, no
catch him 'sleep, he shure. Zip, him only
obscried de red-skin at fust, and dim tink him
enemy.'
'Good night, Zip, I am going to take a turn in
the woods. If I retreat, keep up a shnrp fire
on my pursuers.'
'Zip conclude him ot 'xceptionable red-skin
who git over him gun,' began the negro, but
John and the Tuscarora were out of hearing in
a minute, or too much occupied to hear the rest
of his speech.
They stooped low. John knew the ground
well, and was closely followed by the Indian.
There was a slight hollow in the ground, right
down to the bayou, by which water was carried
off, and this John made selection of as the road
by which to gain the stream. He then rose and
held a brief conference with the Indian. John
was for taking a canoe or dug-out and descend
ing the stream to Oak Point by water, but the
Indian strongly objected. The Waecoa were
out lying in the wood, perhaps even in greater
force lliun they they knew or, and they would
surely guard tome of the bends in the stream,
by which reinforcements might come to thepco-
le of Eiscoate. Besides, Oak Point was not
more than two hours walk by a wood trail, and
by the winding of the fickle stream, the naviga
tion of which was rendered dansjerous at night
snags, it was at least tour hours journey,
this argument John yielded at once, lie
had taken the precaution of putting on mocca
sins, and bidding the Tuscarora lead the way,
he followed gravely in his footsteps. Both
stepped with extreme care, avoiding evrti lay
ing their feet on a taiien bit ol wood, so sharp
did they know the Indian scouts to be.
A solemn, grave Christmas Eve was this for
John Waters, in the depth of a huge American
forest, and such he thought it as he walked
along. Suddenly the Indian came to a halt,
turned slowly round, and piuced ins linger on ins
lips. John had himself imagined for sme time
that there were other steps in the forest beside
their own. He thought some one was treading
parallel to them, and so cautiously that it
appeared but the echo ot their own steps. As
they baited, the sound ceased. I liey moved a
few steps again, very stealthily, very cautiously,
aid at coot they hoard ikaatcp fcffua, Jengstde,
at no great distance. Whoever it was, stepped
as thev stepped, halted as they halted, and ceased
to make a sound as they did.
atop hare, said the Indian, pointing to a
thick bush, which aflbrded shelter from all
observers, Tuscarora John see what in woods.'
As he woke, the red-tlnn disappeared, gliding
i i. .!... T l. 1 . . J I : - .
80 noiMCtaiy iwbj, uiui junn ileum nun nut
depart, and there he was tdone in those woods
upon an Indian trail, surrounded in all proba
bility by his copper-colored enemies, ana John
wold have given me wori to nave neen sur
rounded at that moment by his whole family,
had found nothing. The mv itnn th.:.
movements had at all events the ability to conceal
his own position, and attg still grcator caution,
they proceeded on their way.
They had not gone more than five minutes
longer through the wood, uhrn ...i..i ,l
d 1 . l' ' J ivuviicuiUC
eep bed of a stream, a torrent, full in the rainy
season, but now dry. They" prepared to cross
it, using the boughs of trees to asiit themielvet,
when 1 uscarora John suddenly drew his com
panion's attention. Afar off. in Urn litn. ;
appeared, in the bed of the stream, they could
see the faint glimmer of a light. There was
wnini, rvmrrmv Ht tin trroal !i.n.. 1 .1..
M ui.mni.q i, I IIC
wood. The emigrant whispered to the Indian
e a . I . a . " "
io mind 11. put 10 advance. Th Tn.o......
however, caught him violently by the arm nullod'
him fifiM'n S.i.t 1.. I.: it! l. . -
,,, jU., s iiiinseu caugni i ne rellee
tion of a gun-barrel in the pale moonlight, fol
lowed uy the flash and report of an Indian fusil.
me lowing scoundrels,' muttered John.
I Ihdn .11 - . '
"ij nu.B seen us, ana lauen us lor a sortie
What shall we do P '
iio stilt one minute two th .:.!
the Indian, preparing, however, for detnamt a
i i" T.,.r. ... r r
"f louteing ins lomanawk and Holding hi.
rifle in his hand I now. follow me.'
As he spoke, stooping low, bending his head
beneath the bushes, the Tuscarora led the way
down the bed of the torrer.t. It w nff
ciayey, there being no pebbles in Texas, even
on the sea shore; no rocks, no stones all
alluvial soil. They trod gently, without noise,
save the occasional crackling of a twig ; but they
left an evident and clear trail. This, however,
they could not avoid, and they noted it not.
Suddenly, however, thev mm. t lun.l : ,i
tiny gulley a place where the water had hewn
away a deep hollow in the earth, the roof of
which had escaped crumbling down by tho
presence of Jong roots and parasitical plants,
while across the bed of the stream lav a deA
tree, used as a bridge by stray hunters, by red
skins, and whites, now that the wandering tribes
of Anglo-Saxons and other European nations
have gone fourth to reclaim tho wilderness, at
the price, alas ! of the destruction, not only of
the wondrous herds of various animals that
people nriarie, wood, and mountain, but of the
races that have come from the rfgious of the
silting sun to meet the eastern tribes.
At tins moment they heard steps behind; the
Indians were in full chase. Thev had no time
tor uiougnt or renectun. They threw them
selves into the deep shadows of the hollow.
leaping across a breast-work of earth ami wnnA
and cocking their rifles, peered anxiously forth
io py mo lorce oi vue enemy. II a moment,
six came in sieni, marciuny atmicM for the
position they occupied. They fired! and without
waiting to see the effect, loaded. Scarcely had
the echoes died away Sn the forest, han all lay
till, placid, calm, as if never had those leafy
woods been disturbed since that my&lerious hour
when the spirit of God went forth upon the
globe, and flowers, and plants, nd myriad
I TY.Ik . .. .... ..
"uitii njw noi tor- continued me Indian,
vim annoying perseverence.
I itnnl L ft ! T f.,. , ..
- rrpiHTu jonn, impatiently.
He could not bear these hard hits, fur ha f-li 1..
ins inmost neart now unjust he was.
well, Tuscarora John onlv red-skin. but him
no tell what use fine lady in woods. Wood wire
make dinner, nurse nanoose. tew mrm.i,,.
take long walk with warrior, load him rnn u !,.
fight many town lady wear rainbow, good to
hang on wall, look at, faint if she see Indian
warrior, run awoy from red skin papoose.'
There is much trulh in what vmi
Tnillan ' T..l. . 1 I ... t 1 I J . 3
""I " iuiih . uui i nave lueas and notions
oi my own.
Well, have notion now, hush I' replied the
lusunuiu, punning upwards.
u nam moving across me torrent on
the opposite side, parting the bushes, pushing
" nor mill;, mm fviiiciiliv cinrnt In Ihom
The emigrant cocked his gun and levelled.
No fire yet, said the Indian plenty red
skins come all tidct, Palo face make ready.
Big fight all at once.
John distinctly heard footsU rill nvir.iisfi1
The earthen roor, with its fibrous rafters, shook
visibly. It was clear that some otin hail fruinjif
this dangerous proximity to them. At the same
instant a whole party of the Waccos were
distinctly seen crawling under bushes in the
distance, again trvimr to turnrim ).
desperate fugitives. They levelled and fired,
and were astounded at the report of their own
rifles. One seemed repeated over-head, the
other on the opposite side of the stream,
acarely had the smoke cleared away, than they
heard whispering above their head.. S,,m
one seemed speaking to them. After assuring
hinnfclf that the Waccos had been driven back
once more, John and the Indian l.V;..i
attentively. They at once discovered that some
one was speaking to them through a chink
the roof.
(Conclusion next week.)
Republic, and thus to cherish and encourage the
caute of constitutional liberty throughout the
world, avoiding every act and thought that m ight
involve our country in an unjust and unnecessary
war, or impair tho faith of treaties, and dis-
oouiilcnancini; all Political no,
the interests of aooiclv and l:n,fT,r,,,, n 1,
Union, I can offer no other nleili nr mumniM
than the known incidents of a long ptlllic life,
""7 "nnergonig me tevercsl examination,
Feeling inytelf highly fortunate in my attociate
on the ticket, and with a lively tente of my
obligations to the Convention, and to your per
sonal courtesies.
ment of the Army, and Scott applied for a com.
mission in the new regiments about to I raited.
Ihe law patted In April, and in May, 1808, ha
became a Captain of Light Artillery.
l.h H,,,caI coutroverties of this exciting
period, Scott was amornr the fri.-l..-r
thl 'H?T U Jf-rV"'" f from
he attack on the tp,fa to the declaration of
war, he
writer
was an approver, . supporter .nd'.
in favor of war nnnm. vu .
difficulties with England rn ... !" .
courtesies.
I have the honor to remain, sir. with crreat
esteem, your most obedient servant,
WINfr'IKf.n KPMTT
To Hn. J. G. Chapman, President of the Whig
ituiiuuui vuniciuiou.
in
pleasant things burst into fife for lie joy and Uur liands the official notice of my
wnll-henifr of the world. Th tvuil mn onnl.1 E. .1. . n-i , , .
W is wise. He d te rest all rnnht audi Edward Included, and to have if uttea uiem to
-f walk in woods.. . tont defence and good walls. But he had
AOVT iiiTLrisrioaarth iveii lihTpoy Vway, anipiit" punTimcnl was
MMirv'vf the bi of our Savior, a tide or to,pend his Christmas Lve in the chill night
KStyMdlw uiltwiUbetheiwuiroI m,ia a Ity minute tho Indian retained.
well-being of the world. The twd men could
hear the beating of their own hearts, so utterly
silent was all nature not even the usual sighing
of the forest-glade being heard. j
Then there came a yell, a horrid cy, a rcarful
sound, as if demons had been let loqe in Para
dise, and from every quarter of the Wood came
the flush and the report of guns. The whole
force of the Wacco Indians was on tjiem at M
events it appeared so. But the next iiinute they
heard the cjuick exchange of shots it Eiscoate,
toward which they had been returning. They
knew not what to do. They could ee none of
their enemies. One looked up ami one looked
down the stream, watching every Vce, every
stump, under cover of which a redskin could
advance. Presently, the Indian " shoke, in a
whisper so low as to be all but inaijible.
See! Indian very cunning John more
cunning, too,' and he pointed up thl bed of the
torrent.
What is it ? ' as ked the emigrant who eould
make out nothing in that faint light, j
' Look I tree down yonder,' said t 0 red-skin,
in the same low tone.
What is it ? again repeated Joli, mechani
cally, though he suspected the truth!
Indian !' replied his companion, quetly taking
aim at the apparently inanimate bloci.
One of the cunning men of the accos had
nlided noiselessly down into the led of the
torrent, and lain himself flat n H stomach.
In litis position he was pushing hiisjelf along
with all the stealthy crawl of a serpe slywly,
but without sound, moving imperceitibls but
advancing towaru me cover 01 tne tyo mn in
a way that promised to place him shortly it very
dangerous proximity. But Tusctfora John
fired, the motionless Indian sprang to In feet,
gave a scream, and fell headlong like a s'Jcken
deer into the bed of the stream. Two Wccos
burst from the adjacent bushes and dret him
out of sight.
wacco tool I said the chiei, contemptuely;
John Christian no take scalp.' '
I am delighted to hear that,' repliedohn
Waters, earnestly and solemnly. ' I feel ctain
that my time is up. But it is a relief to tow
that I shall die betide a Christian man, w, if
he survives, will carry my blessing to myrue
aud babes.'
No die,' whispered the Tuscarora 5 bt
kill cheat reJ-kkint.' 1
' I hope so,' said John Waters, fervent! for
it would be sad to die without one partinjjerd
with my Jane, my boys, my innocent ood
girls.' . ?
Let son marry Dutch squaw ? ' aakdhe
Iftdlalf, Sir wriiHieuRy J nu waUcnw, '
if made up mind to die.' !
1 No 1' exclaimed John, quickly, ' I woiaot
consent to that. Edward is ray eldest sony
representative. He nay one day retu to
England, and I should like tho possible h, of
the Earl of EUcoato to take a llidy home lis
wife.' 1
What lain pale face brother call lady kid
the Indian. '
A well edueatod young woman, with a cultrd
mind, elevated thoughts, and a pleasing ces
sation and manners,' replied John, quite ki
ting for an instant his peculiar position.
Where him find such girl in woods V'fi
Tuscarora John. , ,
' But their -mre rdentv of such erirTs in Antan
towns. My daughters will, 1 hope, be so Uht
up in the woods V '- i
GENERAL CHAPIUH TO GEKEKAL 800TT.
Baltimore, June 22, 1852.
Si : I am instructed bv the Whiir Natinnal
Convention to inform you of your unanimous
nomination as the Whig Candidate for the oAVn
of President of the United States.
I enclose a copy of the resolutions nnri tv
the Convention, expretsing their opinions upon
some of the most prominent aucstinnt nf nationnl
policy, and with sincere wishes that you may be
felected, for the permanent settlement of the
(principles of the whig party.
i nave tne nonor to be, iery respectfully,
our obedient servant.
J. G. CHAPMAN, of Marvlaml.
li President of the Whig NationaJ Convention.
OTo Major General WiinriD Scott. '
EZFLT OT GENZXAI SCOTT.
WasnisoTo.v, June 24, 1852.
Sir: I have had the honor to tppp'ivo .fmm
'unanimous
domination as the Whig candidate for the ofi"m
w f resident of the United Slates," together
With "a copy of the resolutions passed by the
vuuvciiuiuii expretsing ineir opinions upon some
If the most prominent questions of national
ol icy."
This gTeat distinction, conferred bv a mime.
bus, intelligent and patriotic body, representing
iiiiuui oi my countrymen, sinks deep into my
art ; and remembering the very eminent names
hich were before the Convention in umicnble
impetition with my own, I am made to feel,
"bpressivcly, the weight of responsibility bc
ljnging to my new position.
INot having wittcn a word to procure this
Atinction, I lost not a moment, after it had been
oiiferred, in addressing a letter to one of your
limbers to signify what would be at the proper
the, the substance of my reply to the Conven-
in , and 1 now nave the honor to repeat, in a
pre lormai manner, as the occasion justly
Jmanus, that 1 accept tho nomination, with the
solutions annexed.
The political principles and measures laid
dvvn in those resolutions are so broad that but
Utle is left for me to add. I therefore barely
ggeiit, in this place, that should I. bv the
nrtiality of my countrymen, be elevated to the
nei magistracy ol the Union, I shall be ready,
my connection with Congress, to recommend
ctto approve of .neasures in regard to the
njnagemcnt of the public domain so as to secure
a early settlement of the same favorable to
a ual settlers, but consistent nevertheless
w h a due regard to the equal rights of the
v. ole American people in that vast national
ii eritance ; and ulso to recommend or approve
of i single alteration in our naturalization laws,
si gested by my military experience, viz: giving
to ill foreigners the right of citizenshin who
sltll faithfully serve in time of war one year
oifboard of our public ships, or in our land
fofces, regular or volunteer, on their receiving
ai honorable discharge from tho service.
In regard to the general policy of the adminis
tration, if elected, I should of course look among
thtse who may approve that policy for the agents
to carry it into the execution ; and I should seek
to cultivate harmony and fraternal sentiments
throughout the Whig party, without attempting
to reduce its members by proscription to exact
conformity to my own views. But I should, at the
same time, be rigorous in regard to Qualifications
for office retaining and appointing no one cither
deficient in capacity or integrity, or in devotion
to Liberty, to the Constitution, and the Union.
Convinced that harmony of good will between
the different quarters of our broad country is
essential to tho present and future interests of
ihe republic, and with a devotion to those
interests that can know no South and no North,
i snouiu neuner countenance nor tolerate any
tedition, disorder, faction, or resistance to the
law, or the Union, on any pretext in any part
of the land; and I should carry into the civil
administration this one principle of military
conduct obedience to the legislative and i udiLMl
department of Government, each in iU constitu
tional sphere saving only, in respect to tho
legislature, the possible resort to tho veto
power always to be most cautiously exercised,
and under the strictest restraints and necessities.
finally, for my strict adherenca to the
REPLY OF MB. 0EAH1K.
Wasimkotox, June 21, 1852.
Sl t I am gratified to acknowledge the rm-inf.
of the communication which you did me tho
honor to deliver in person on yesterday.
announcing my unanimous nomination, as the
Whig candidate for the office of Vice President
of the United States by the National Convention
which recently assembled in Baltimore, accom
panied by a copy of the resolutions of the
convention upon questions of national principle
and policy.
I cordially approve the declaratinna mmTit Kw
.u .. 1
.nose resolutions, un matters or the most recent
practical interest they do but portray the conduct
..t . i . . ... j . ...
ui an uumiuisiraiion 01 Uie Uovcrnment or u-h i-h
for near two years I have been a member. On
all others they but reiterate the doctrines and
recommendations held by its chcif in important
j'uuuu I'uiiirauiiicauous.
Should the people of tho ITnifi Kfnt
give their sanction to the nominations of your
convention, so far as I shall be invested with
authority, a faithful adherence to these doctrines
may ba expected.
I therefore accept the distinction an linnnnMn
tendered, with a grateful heart, but with unaf
fected diffidence. It is a satisfaction. hnn.
to know that the place to which I have been
nominated is but secondary i and thai for ih
first office the convention has nronosed a nilison
of tried patriotism and virtue, long and familiarly
acquainted: withjmblic affairs and public men.
A safe ana sagacious counseller. who has w-t!
fulfilled evey trust heretofore committed to his j
liands, and who has illustrated . our history by
eminent public services.
vv..i. a- ttaajafar the ciul.y with which
you have honored me, in the execution of your
office, and with the highest personal respect, I
nra your obedient torrent. , iWJ
WILLIAM A GRAHAM.
The Hon. J. G. Ciiatmam. President National
Whig Convention.
nous aspect, under the apprehension of a-sudden
Invasion of Louisiana, a military force waa
Kept mere under Ihe command r General Wit
kinson, and in 1809 Cant.
join the army at New Orleans. Your. fra.,V
ardent and bold, it was not surprising flat ,a
should express his opinions with freedom. This
fact soon occasioned a difficult l,i...n
and Wilkinson, which resulted in Scott's sus
pension for one year. The sentence, was se
vere one, Scott's error beimr a. vinl;n. r
cipline, under a mistaken tuiderstandine of Ihe
rules of the service.
The effect of tha sentence upon the popular
mind is evidenced In the fact that innn fr
conviction, the young Captain was complimented
n i .... - pm i; uuiiior given oy marry officers and
allien- of the neighborhood.. During the year
of his suspension, Scott returned to, Virginia
and diligently applied himself to the study of
works on the military art, with a view of
making himself thoroughly conversant wkb-tj
duties of the profession be had chosen. H
"Sr.11 place 'm """7 toe the war
of 1812 broke out. itTTfl
On the 18th June. 1812. war r.ii
declared against Great Britain, and durimr tU
following month Scott received th. ,.w J?..:.
of Lieutenant Colonel in the
a. rrivid .n Uie Nga" frontier, taking poit
at Black Rock, to protect the Navy yard there
established. The expedition planned against
Qucenstown Heights, was carried ini
on the 13th October 1812. Early on that
morning, Scott arrived at Lewiatawn :. i.;-
regiment, by a forced march frnm Tti.i, t?,i.
having orflered his services io the proposed
movement. They were declined becaua. th
arrangements were already completed j but
permission was ven to him to post his regiment
at Lewistown iM act as circumstances might
permit. The American attack ing forces crossed
tha river ; but their gallant efforts, a j weil
-.uuwn, were quite loequal to the superior
numbers and discipline of the cnemv. It ...
Must after every commissioned ofScer of lhv .
-ScrMi Miium nu uiuen dead or wouodedj ""
that Lieutenant Colonel Scott, arrived pa the
heights, and took command of the tr.
Lunuuuting with reinforcements toaSacgulars
From the Mew York Campaign Timet.
LIFE AND PUBLIC SERVICES
WIN FIELD SCOTT.
WmriELD Scott was born the 13th of Jim.
1786, near Petersburg. Va. His deet m.v
be traced from a Scottish gentleman of the Low
lands, who, with his elder brother, was engaged
in the Rebellion of 1745. The elder was slain
in the memorable field of Cullodcii. The young
er, involved in the conseo ueuces of that nvir
disaster, emigrated to America; and bringing
with him little but a liberal education, com
menced the practice of law in Virginia. He
was successiui in me path thus chosen, and
married, but died young. His son Willitun
married Ann Mason, a lady of one of the most
respectable families of Virginia. He pursued
the occupation of a fanner, and died in 1791,
leaving two sons and several daughters. Tha
eldest of the sons was James, who commanded
a regiment at Norfolk in lS12;and the youngest,
iiuiuciii, uie tiiujeci ot tins sketch, then five
(ears or age. lu 1803 the widow also did,
leaving, Scott, at seventeen years of age. in tha
very outset of active life.
At this time his character is described bv nn
who knew him as distinctly formed. He w
full of hope, and animated bv a iust sense nf
honor and a generous ambition of honest fame.
His heart was open and kind to all the world,
warm with offeclion towards his friends, and
with no idea that he had, or deserved to have,
an enemy. He was intended for one of the
learned professions, and pursued the usual pre
paratory studies, spent a year in the hiuh school
at Richmond, and thence went of his own accorJ
to the college of William and Mary, where he
remained- one or two years, end attended a
course of law lectures. He finished his legal
studies iu the office of David Robertson, and in
IHUO was admitted to the bar. In the autumn
of lt07 lie emigrated to South Carolina, intend
ing to practice law in Charleston. The failure
to procure from the Legislature a special ex
emption from the general law requiring practi
tioners to have a year's residence iu tlio Slate,
defeated tho object of his emigration to South
Carolina, and, not improbably, turned the cur
rent of his life. Disengaged from business, the
political events of his country, then rapidly
moving towards the crisis of 1S12, soon trans.
ferred him to another, and a more active and
brilliant scene. In the spirit of patriotism, re
sistance and indignant resentment for wrongs
endured, uliich was then excited against Great
Britain, Scott largely shared. Hopeful, ambi
tious and emulous of fume, he combined in his
character the elements of a patriot soldier. In
the summer of 1S07 lie had specially volunteered
at a member of the Petersburg troop of horse,
up m
commanding situation to receive the enemy and
cover the ferry, in expectation of ..
forced by the whole of the militia at Lewistown
The interval of rest was short. Th lnri;,n.
who had been concentrated in Uie neighborhood!'
sprang into activity, and five hundred of them
soon loined the Brittiah Koht juv,n.nr.. .
viously engaged. A fierce battle ensued. . Th-
enemy was driven back ia total rout, Scott leadinr
on and animating his troops with a gallantry
which cannot be too highly extolled. But il,
first gun of the moruinsr havimr rnn! k
Brittish garrison at Fort Getrge, eight miles
below, their troops were put in motion, and
soon after Scott arrived on the field, the British
reinforcements also entered it. Just when
American reinforcements were most needed
information was brought for Scott that the
panic-stricken militia at Lewistown refusal i
cross the river. That sealed the fate of the day
The British force now numbered not it.,,
1,500: while the American were rnh,A
less than three hundred. Scott took his nouiinn
ou the ground his force then occupied, resolved
to think of surrender only when battle waa
impossible. Mounting alog in front of bia liitl
baud, he thus addressed them : . - t
" The euemy't balls begia to thin our ranks. His
umbers are overwhelming . Id a moment the eWk
nviitatcouse. and tbare is bo retreat. W, iu. l.
liniug of a national war. Hutl'a anrr.. ..
redeemed. Let u thee die. arms in hand. w
demands the sacrifice. The exajnnle will not t lt -
The blood of the slain will snake heroes of the livint;
Those who follow will avenee our fall and lhir
trj'jwrsfi. IVJiO dare to aland f '
"All !'' was the empliatic response. But the
bravest resistance against such fearful odds waa
vain. 1 lie Americana gave way, and retreated
to the water's edge, which the reached b let j
ting themselves down (holding on to limbs end
bushes) the precipice. It was soon resolved to
surrender, when bcott, havir.fr sent flags of truce
by several of his men, who were shot down or
captured by the Indians, resolved himself ta
make another attempt. In this he was success.
fill, although surprised by two Indians, whose
firearms were fortunately discharged, and who
were prevented from usiesr their knives aud
hatchet upon the u tail American," by Die ar
rival of a British officer and some men. Terms
of capitulation were made, and Scott surrendered
his whole force with Uie honors of war.
We have given these incidents somewhat ia
detail, because it was at Qaeenstown that the
military genius of Scott was first made clearly
manifest and it must be admitted tttat thouea
defeated then, no incidents ef his life on the field ,
have more distinctly indicated his peculiar quaU
ifications for a military leader las possession
of the traits of coolness, prudence, decision,
intrepidity, patriotism and nuignanircity thaa
did those of his first adventure as a commauder.
Of course, in the brief limits of newspaper
tketch, we cannot give anything like a detailed
account of the many scenes in which our subject
was prominent actor. His life is too full of
such for more than the merest reference, unle
1 ? a. t a .a i. If..
that had been called out under die proclamation w" ou " V" ,us,orI 01 le1
r i....:.i...,. : 1 . . i.. t.. . i .during the last forty years.
( Conttutui aext week.) . , :
Gov. Seward has written a letter toJ.H.
Taylor, of New York, in which he says under
no circumstances would be accept an oth.ee from
the President of the United States, whether that
pruiciple wJit BiKjy a aktd iirfpotitical excitement which attended renewed
the resolutions of the Convention, and herein dimoillies with England, and Ilia ciui tmrnt at
"!$"" ' " imti ami earnest purpose
to advance the great DAts aud bapjme of tho
United States to British vest-ls of war, in con
sequence of the attack on th.t frigate CAeiixuA
This was the bumble beginning of a career
which has yjaccd tho name of Scott I'pon the
scroll of fame, hiirh aJlioiii the Liuhcst of thosa
whose mililury achievements have won the ad- President b Gen. Scott or any otber tnaa.
miration of the world. ; w. v ..... v
On his return to the North, after Ids visit to '.i,iiba a utiar written bv'l'muiant S iiimo. i-
Cliarlestou, the country was ialhe midst of the tn-e K. Kabcork. of the New. Xmk Ueaii t
tne Nations! Wluc 0artia,a lb tabot JUm. im
das bvtuia lb Bwi.bhi.t t the tVarMtiun,dcliauij
he Linbargo law. la the winter of 1807-S a the tame b.m,. tbe ceaveatiJe at sxca tuae u b
bill waa lutioduvcd m Cvngict foi the cnUige- tbougat fippcjt.
-a.
s
t ! -
V,,r :. xJ-' r -
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