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T I ANNIBAL JOURNAL, SEPTEMBER J 6, .1852.
.J i . I; : i. 7 TEWS: -One Dollar, if paid Iir Advance; if not paid within Six Months, One Dollar and Fifty Cents; if not paid within Twelve Months, TWO DOLLARS, B 0 RN J ' ' "rUBLISIIED BIT" 0. CLEMENS, ON HILL STREET, NEAR MAIN, A FEW DOORS WEST OF SELMES' BUILDINGS. ; , t . i i I NE,V SERIES. HANNIBAL, MO "THURSDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 10, 1852. VOL. XNoTi" ; if 1 1 1(1 K 1 r i. I NEWSPAPERS. We are 1 to learn tint tho St. Louis News is Increasing its circulation, and growing in Jiiiblio favo rapidly as so excellent a journal should. -It is said that John G. Treadway, of Brunswbk, has bought the Jefferson City -Metropolitan, and will here arter conduct it. Kdirbuiou IUview. We luve received the Edinburgh Review for July. This very large quarterly is filled with useful and inter esting mutter. The following extract from one of its articles shows the practical working and perfection of tho POLICE SYSTElt t T.nrmn We now nemo to tne Holford House burglary, tr. Holford, having em to America. left )u Mr. , -.house, in R ut's P.irk. under the care of ser vants. Ab.iuttwo o'clock in the morning of the U;h r: Ociober, 1S50, the butler heard ?ome person ait'eotinj an entrance iuto the din'uirr I room. Hs wakened the other servants,' 1 "having armed themselves, they went out oft, l) poile sides of tho house and suddenly a?fai ' the four robbers, one of whom was kh ckvA down and secured, the other three escape ' Several shots had been fired; oiSV want wmed wiiisront'jn spring bi onc' mid 1-cliarged it across a smaTftwih aone of the rtWfcl'iB bav- onct actually touched him. Traces of"TScl swe found, and it was supposed'that he had been mm tally wounded, and having run somu way had been unable to go farther!, and had pro bably been thrown I y his companions into the Regent's canal. Tne f ict, however, was, that in the darkness and confusion, the burglar had tripped and fallen just as the trigger was pulled, and had received no injury, except that his hand, striking the end of the bayonet, had been slight ly cut, as well as grazed by a couple of shot and blackened by the powder, and the blood came from one of the robbers, who had been severely wounded in the head and neck by a random dis- sharge of small shot. The third man was unhurt ; and nothing was found on the premises but a kwith some very small holes in it. The mode it which the police detected and arrested these thw men will illustrate our previous remarks, u ,now tne wonting ol a system wtucti gleans ! formation over a wide area, and combines it fr practical application. Next morning the prisoner was brought up fr examination: he gave his name as Win. Dy m;' but among the criminal populatipn names anssumed one day to bo discarded the next, ail fcfTWrd no clue to the identity of the individ ual! The first step taken was to place among tfe crowd some keen observers to watch, not tltca.se, but the sittetators. As the examina tin proceeded, anil the feelings of the listeners btanie excited by the dramatic way in which tl tory unfolded itself, and their varying c nlin were- more openly manifested, it was noticed by the police that two woman were watching the proceedings with an intensity of anriety which betrayed a personal interest in the issue. Slight as the chance was, it was not neejecied, and they were immediately marked or observation. After the examination, one of these women went to a beer-shop, the other to see Dyson in the House of Detention, where he had been remanded. She soon rejoined her companion, and both were tracked across the river into Southwavk : there they separated ; but from house to house the persevering detec tives followed the trail of each until they reached their respective homes. Local knowledge bcin linw wanted, the Sou'hwark,or M, division wns called into action. The woman who had gone to the prison was recognised by them as the mis tress of a housebreaker commonly known by the soubriquet of 'the Doctor;' the other was soon alter itscer! 'ine l to be living with, and the active assistan' o! a notorious ruffian of the name of J mes .M.dion. This of course direet edsuspicion tf,va-K Malum, and now was felt th power ga:r i by a systematic watch over tht criminal population. All the prisons with in the Metropolitan Police District are visited bysn intelligent constable from every division: beides which it is the custom w henever an of ferer is arrested and taken to the police station, tht he should be brought out of his cell and plced in such a position that every man nf the r- division, as he went on duty, had a good view of him, so that in time their faces became per fectly well known. ivr . .,..,. 1 iuuit:u,ci muiiii iaii3 - t , . . . f resort every night, audi1'" Pruit, and were satis hed thai Souihwark lie thieves' houses ol resort every reowrds in detail all those whom they find there. SVheu it was circulated through the division that one of the Holford House gang, probably 'the DiKjtor, hid been arrested, and that Mahon was euspected, one of the patrol recollected that ut ten o'clock oa the night of the burglary, they had found in a public house the Doctor,1 Mahon, two other men, Mitchell and Robinson, and a woman, all apparently in earnest consultation. The sergeant of the patrol went at once to the Ioue of Deteulion, and there in the prisoner j)y.4 he recognized 'the Doctor.' During the fallowing nights it was also ascertained tlu.t Bon of the three suspected men appeared at their usual haunts. It was clear, therefore, that the firt P0,nt w" gained, the gang was known; the range of inquiry was at once limited o three known individuals, and the police now turned their undivided attention to the discovery of their places of concealment. Our readers will recollect our explanation of the abundant hour ces of information that may bo opened up by judi-tous management: money being wanted, it wu under the advice of the magistrate, sup plied by friend of Mr. Holfor, and the whole ol tie fioijthwark division being on the alert, feelers were put forth in every direction. One pjjn was successful. He was acquainted with t woman wno nan formerly lived with Malum butMbcendes,rled byf,m, and he sounded her. Whether ther h:ul heen a nu;rrel. a qua ut bfi or 1 iV.m iimm.. . 1 ... .1 V ' planted wat stirring within her, or whether the icwtru aione wn motive enotigri, sue consent ed e give her assistance, and the bargain was .truck. She could not, however, learn where Mahon was conceal td, for his present compan ion wat faithful to him. Hut it is the curse of a criminal that friends and foet are alike dan gerout, and the managed to find out that the oth er woman washed hit clothet, und on the next Saturday evening would tuke some to him, nd tne. plan wat Imi accordingly. W nen baturday night Chmo, the false friend, followed at a safe distance by a 'detective,' found some pretext for joining the other, and the two women set out together, one carrying the little bundle of clean clothes. They crossed the river and nroceeded ranidl v bv narrow courts nnd unfrequented, dimly lighted streets, in the lirection of Shoredilch. So thick and dark was the night that the detective Serjeant would have been thrown out, hud not this contingency been foreseen and guarded against. Under her din pry, dirty dress ihc confederate had put on a clean white petticoat, and at the sharp turns or crossings the dark dress was raxed, white signal shown to her follower. nd the In this way the whole of London was traversed, and at length they reached a public house in the Kings land Road, Here they stopped, the woman with the bundle went in, the other disappeared. The scrjeant soon found a policeman on his bear, and makin himself known, secured his services and direceJ him to fetch two more. He (,Aen jer4,-'"l U house, and there, in a large rom, ' ' 111 e i number of th leves wcro smoking ana drinking, he saw the object of his pursuit. Mil lion, silting beside the 'woman whose faithful services had so Unwittingly betrayed him. For tune seemed tit sooned tn slintver 1m furors unon the police officer, for a little farther he spied uouinson. ionudrnt in ins ascendancy over any number of criminals, he allow pi one police man to show himself at the door 'and with the ! .. I. quiet, business like manner thV characterises tfib-uletectivcs, he walked up to Mahon, and told him 'huHs wanted.' The roobrr felt that his hour was commas to resistance, notwithstand ing the number? present, iv "no so much as thought of it. Each in hi secret soul was re lieved lo find that lie was not the person 'want ed,' and was quite willing to sacrifice Mahon for the benefit of ihecommunily present; besides, for auvlhin? he knew, the whole division miirht be behind the policeman at the door. At a sig. nal from the serjeant, this man now came in, his place, however, for the sake of appcarinccs, being immediately taken by another. Mahon, with perfect submission went to the bar, where ie was searched and handcuffed; Robinson was julso arrested, and both prisoners were removed jto the station house. j Som mnnrUnt evi jeco was annulled by a I . , , . . the newsnaners the ac count of tho robber v. He had been on Ins stand not. very far from Holford House, when, about 'two in the morning of the 14th October, (the hour at which the attempt had been made,) a man ran up I9 him, and saying that his hand had j been bitten by a dog, asked liim lo pump some 'water upon it, that he might wash away the blood. Immediately afterwards, miolher man, without a hut, and with blood pouring from his ifaco and neck, ran up to the stand, culled the cabman, and jumping hastily into the cub, was I driven oil' towards the Strand. When the cab 'man was brought to the police office, he was 'confronted with Mahon, and recognized him us the man who had washed his hand at the pump. On the hand being examined, it was evident not only that the wounds had not been occasioned by the bite of a dog, and therefore his story to 'the cabman was false, but they corresponded to jthe cut of the bayonet and the graze ol the shot mid the dark blue stain of the gunpowder was still there. The wounds, however, were heal ing, and returning to the natural state; so that these curious pieces of circumstantial evidence 'would have been lost, had there beer, much de laj nt Mahon s apprehension. . - 1 .1 l It was of course surmised that the wounded lllaU WHO Cal ell lliu CUU, was icumuiuig unu ' , ' iiiii- 1 , i i of the trans, Mitchell, and his conduet rendered , , fe, " ..1 wi 1 1;,, 1 this hi" i v probable. W rule proceeding on Ins ' V J , 1 o . 1111 1 ,1 : ;, n way he heard a chaise coining utter liim ui " " - ... 0 irallop; he instantly called to the cabman to slop, jumped out, and, though almost fainting from loss of blood, attempted to run away. The 'liaise, however, passed on, and ho returned, ! but iii the extremity of his terror all considera ions vi p.uuenec Ba . J " thoiiL'ht of watch illness against pursuit, and lie fY , 1 1. . ,' ,1 wan J no enter the cub again, but got upon the 1. ' , " , , ' ,ei ,' ,1 , 'box. In the Strand, ho was put down, the ; , 1 ,' .. , , 1 I, 'cabman, celling nnoiher lare, drove oil, and all ! ' ' ""h ' ' tions of Tiiudence cave way belore the one i l'uk cabman, getting another lare, drove oil, and all uumtr u.iL-c wu iu.Tw I The police, however, thought that in these Washington, within ninety days after the coin circum.iaiiccs a criminal trying to escape, and ! pU-t ion of the same. I do not understand that . finding his strength lulling would most probably tlis prilv;sjon contemplates any interference by uesire 10 ou in ivemou-uu. . v u - iiiieut. but would stop short oi it ill order to baf was me cover lie nan gaineu: 1111s tuiutmcu uuu with the belief that Mitchell was the man, and the M. division were again set 111 tnoi ion. This time recourse was had to one oi those women who, living by the vices of others, are pnhaps tho most degraded und infamous ot Hie human race. Fol a stipulated reward she engaged to endeavor to ascertain Mitchell's hiding piace. Her information was, however, neceuily ut second bund, mid therefore impentct, besides bein- tardy. Three limes did tne officers seuich houses which wire indicated lo llicin, but with out success, Mitchell having got away before their anrival, und it seemed doubtful whether there was not some double treachery going on The next place named was a house m Littlo Surrey Street, IJlat-kliurs s-oau; but as it wa a private house, kept by persons apparently supporting themselves by honest lujor, it was necessary to proceeu wiui mum taui.u,.. polieeuiiin was lounu wno was u nun 1 ui '"" doubt the policy or such investment, and sug nearest bukcr, and who learned from him that . ,1 0i,i,.ct and wish of all must be the uu unusual quantity of bread had ol late been supplied to the house; another poiujuiiuu acquainted with the owner 01 inenuusu, uiiutuu- irived on some pretext to get the door opened The serjeant tJieu went in and usked who the lodger was. While the parley wus going on, the face of a woman, listening anxiously, up- 1-r, over e 01 e - - ., , 1 . 1,. ..... p, 1 .1. ..:.... I ut .nrtr arv. All ' 111 1 1) IP house 011 the liiuht of the burglary. All icsilalioii wus now over, und on going into the bed-room, they "fouud Mitchell (,Uio i.uu uteu wounded by the discharge of small shot) with his head und neck em eloped in bandage and bread poultices; he was in a miserable iuU, lur hitherto he hud been afraid to get medical ussisl- mice. The offii cis, having now fairly run their game down, treated him with greal kindness; he was carefully remove 1 10 the tiaiion-iiouse, - erv comfort provided ior him, and a surgeon piocured to dress hi wound. When taken to for only twenty miles along the road at a time; Miko musio of village bells, Bui it wut only 'omi,1iof vvU mid t'nut love wa a beuulifu.1 mad the Dolice-ollice the hat with ihe thot holes wat .nd at the road procreate, subsequent couv-, ,f 1. Thi r.iin lioal heavily upon him. ucs, was ik1 far from the mark, l . .. . 1. .., .11.1 ;w There Kill remained one man undiscovered, jfor UobhiUii was set at liberty, the police hav ing learned that, though he remained with the gang tiU a late hour, he hud quilted them before Ithey -went to Hollord House. Tho real effend- or, Tvho had been the contriver of the whole, was mt. I rvulUV aiicniCM avt htii j ivlvm- ci'.,' but os he Imd no booty, was not marked, 'anil could not be identified, he was necessarily discharged, for want of proof; the other three were transported for life. The complete suc cess of the police, shows the efficiency of the (present system. No single officer could have itraocd out all the actors in the business; it re quired a systematic supervision of the criminal population, and a special instrument for each special purpose, as well as combined action over a wide area, GOVERNOR'S MESSAGE. To tlif. Extra Session of ihe LegUlature of Mis souri, being the first session of the srventemth General Jistr.inbly, evnvmed by proclamation on the 30th August, 1852 : Gentlemen, or the Senate and House or Representatives: A just regard forlhepub- lie interest has impressed unon me the necessity iof a culled session of the General Assembly, for .!... -PI "I." , the transaction of legislative business It is a source of congratulation, that the Rep resentatives of the people have met under aus pices so favorable to the public interests. It will constitute a new era 111 the history of Mis souri legist ilion, and I trust it may be made to embellish the pages of its future history. The question of internal improvement is one upon which the minds of the people have been efficiently engaged; and the result has demon strated that public sentiment has given a proper direction to the subject leaving nothing now to be done but nromnt and derisive netion nn tbn part ot their representatives, in order to secure a proper development of our internal resources and hidden wealth. I assure the Legislature of my cordial coope ration in everything which may have a tendency to bring about tiiese desirable results. The reasons which influence me in calling you together at this time, were briefly alluded to in my proclamation, and they refer to the subjects ot legislation to which it is my design to call your attention at the present session. Deeply sensible of the great interest mani fested to see tho works of internal improvement progress, and lor the completion ot which a most liberal grant of land has been made by the General Government, I did not allow myself to doubt the propriety of giving un early oppor- jry semi-annually, a tixed per centum on the Utility for enacting such law as may bo neces- !f?ross proceeds, receipts or income derived from sary, effectually and economically to improve and roilJ. to be ascertained and definitely fixed apply the grant of lands thus made. iby tyw. It remains now lor the General Assembly to The uncertainty as to the terms upon which take such legislative action as will secure the contracts may be made with capitalists or coh proper application of the funds or proeeeds ari- jlraclors, for making tli roads, renders it neces sity I rom tho said of those lands, to the objects .sary that thrf law klinuld be so flamed n to pro ami purposes intended by the grant, und at the-, vide against any contingency of this kind, and same time to guard against the contingency of at the same time protect the interests of the contracts with irresponsible individual or com- jSlale, and guard against the letting of contracts, panies, by which the means for the construction by which these lands are to be disposed of in any of the roads might be squandered, and a blight manner, which, by any possible contingency, cast upon the just expectations of us all, for a jWould put in jeopardy the completion of the speedy completion of these works of internal roads at the earliest practicable period, improvement. I submit these matters with deference to your The grant of hinds made to the State or Mis- enlightened consideration, confident that your souri, to aid in the construction of the Pacific .deliberations will take such a direction as will Railiuadund the Hannibal and St. Joseph rail- tend to promote the public interests in making road, is of a character, before it can be made ;a wise disposition of the important subject to lavtuiuoic, 10 jenuiie jcltimuuv c ueuou, uuu 10 ,.. . .. .,.,..,. ' : !..: .1...:..- ..1 . . .mm duu i limit: yuui uiieuiioii ,,,, - , - . . , . , ' he grant of these lands renders it certain ., . b , ... . , , . , i1,u't the roads will be made, and it only remains . , . , . ' .. . . .., ito enact such laws for their disnosition. as will , . . , 4 ., . , ' , 1, ler ll 1PI-M 1111 Inpmnnft tn nr, Ml tn I Itil ft nml run,. . .. .., . ,.. panics williHg to undertake them, and upon terms which will insure the completion cf the roads. It is estimated that the lands granted amount to near a million of acres to each road, and, it ;.L.i;. i ...;ii f. i .!.:. i: is believed, will go far towards their completion, ,.. ' , ? .. . ... , , r ;if properly and judiciously disposed ol. t, f j t j 1 liy the. terms ot the act of Congress, making I,, ' , ,. ,, , , ., ', .. - the grant ol these lands, a coiiy ot the location r , . . .'. . 1 f. , . . of the roads is required to be forwarded to the !,i, ,, ,. ,,,, , , ,. ,,, 1 lf (he eJ to be forwarUt.d to lhc 1 11 11 ,ttinm .... 1 i.,,wi A ,l,-,h .f ,tie legislature with the company in the location of their respective roads; but only after their location, to have the proper evidences of the fact furnished as required. And the lands, when sclec'.ed, ure, by the terms of the gr.iiit, 'made subject to the disposal of tho legislature, and the proceeds to be applied exclusively lo the purposes specified in the grant. I ll is not my intention to press any opinion upon the legislature, as to tho most appropriate disposition to be made of the lands, but only to make a few suggestions, appropriate to th sub ject, and which I trusi will present no barrier to a proper disposition of the question. I ll is an undeniable proposition that these lands do not belong to tho respective railroad compa nies, but ure vested in the State of Missouri, und to "be subject to the disposal of the legis- ;lture j Tho policy of investing ihe proceeds of these iuuj4 us ti0.t in the respective roads, and lo ,),;,, ex(t,llti u,e s(iltu to become a stockholder, muv l)e BujFjroptu(i for your consideration. I most cpt,L.jy completion of these important ;work ul internal improvement, that by no act ot- ,.j,lsuti lution, shall the State be made lo engage 11 them in any direct manner whatever, but that the benefits, pecuniarily to be derived to the Slate, shall be of un indirect character, such at may result from a disposition of these lands lo the respective companies, and upon such terms us will hold out proper inducements to capital ;Bt. . ,.,,.. j romnletion of the road at ists lo engige in Uie-roinpietion or ine roaiit at tie ,.nl ie,i py-acticable period. j!y ,ll(J (t.rm, tie jff.ini) fhe lands along 'iWcy mi,., 0f tile roaijt lna be disposed of flrsl) ului .), fii!ll1cd1for this distance, steps ura (o be taken for the tale of lauds for another twenty miles further on the road, and to on, UU tl it it completed. 1 jf tiie iuruj are therefoi told by the compa- ipYl m order to nuso meant to pay tor tne worn )lg if progre.ses, the sales must necessarily be v V a-- " anccs are to be made upon terms contemplated by the grant This view of the subject, it is believed, will not prevent the enactment of a law which, bv its terms, will authorize the road to be laid oil into sections of twenty miles, and to allow contracts to be made for each section at the same time, if the proper interest of the road seem to require it. Taking another view of the ubject, and to which it is believed the law making the grant presents no obstacle, I suggest that a provision be made authorizing the company to hypothecate these lands, if necessary, upon which to create a loan by the issue of its bonds on such terms and conditions at will enable the company to supply the means lor the entire completion ol the road prior to making any absolute sale of tho lands, and to consummate which the company should be authorized to secure the payment of any bonds it may issue, by a deed of trust upon the lands, taking care to recite in tho deed, or otherwise secure the prior lien of the State, to which it will be seen allusion is made in a subsequent part of this communication. The faith of the State should in nowise be pledged for the redemption of the bonds, nor should the State be connected in any manner whatever with such a loan, further lliun to allow the company full power to hypothecate the lands lor the reuemption of any bonds it may issue. If the lands are thus disposed of, then in or der to prevent a monopoly of them, which may prove detrimental to the best interests of the country, the company should be required after a given time and at slated periods, to offer these lands for sale, and from time to time to do so, until all are sold. As counter security to the State, the company to which any of these lands are conveyed, should, simultaneously with the conveyance, execute a deed of trust to the State upon the tla"us mus conveyed, ana tne appurtenances 1:1 anywise appertaining to the same, in such man ner as will fully and in every respect secure and oblige the faithful performance of the com pany in the application of the money and pro perty arising from the sale of these lands, to the constructing, completing and finishing the road, in such manner and time, and upon such condi tions as may be agreed upon ; a release of the deed of trust, and a removal of the incumbran ces thereby created, only to be executed upon a full compliance with the contract or stipulations contained in the deed. In consideration of the grants, privileges and immunities thus to be conferred, the company snouiu ue required lo pay into the Mate ireasu ...l.:..l. 1 1 r..i, .!.... .1 11 .. lutii x ituvc cu 11 iuv umy Miotic 10 mil luiu ..,..;., f .1- J, . ,i, UlllllblUlt Mb IIIV 1 Vllb RLilUll rttlil I 1 IV. H I A ranee or my cordial co-operation in all your ef- torts lo promote the public good. AUSTIN A. KlMi. Jetferson City, August 31st, 1852. THE FATE 0? A DRUNKARD, When the dim and misty light of a winttir's morning penetrated into the narrow court, and .struggled through the begrimed window of the .'"1 . 1 tr...i.. i. e 1.:. 1 wretch ,u " sleep, 1 n looked floor w 1, "' he rem rcicneu ruum, ivuiuun ununc iiuui uin iicuvy , and found lnmsell alone, llu rose and d around him; the old ilork mattress on the j:.,..i,.i ..,!.: j.... !he relnembercd to h'e seen it last, anj there was no sign of any one, save himself, having occupied the room during the night. He had inquired of the other lodgers and of the neigh bors ; but his daughter had not been seen or heard of. He rambled through the streets, and scrutinized each wretched face, among the crowds that thronged them, with anxious eyes But his search wi.s fruitless, und he returned to the garret, when night cume on, desolate und weary. For many days he occupied himself in the same manner, but no traces of his daughter did 11 ....1 ... J ..r 1 - 1...I u 1 ieci wiui, aim 110 worn 01 ner muineu 111s ..,'., 4, , , icurs. At last he pave un the pursuit at hone- 1 ,, .1 ri. r .1 1 11. t t less, unit Inmr thnncrht nt Ihn nrobahilitv of her I r n--- 1 j Heaving him, and endeavoring to gain her bread !in quiet elsewhere. She had left him ut last to starve alone. He ground his teelh and cursed her. Ho begged his bread from door to door. Ev ery half-penny he could wring from the pity or credulity of those to w hom he addressed himself, was spent 111 the old wuv his head ; the roof of a A year passed over that had sheltered him for many months. He slept under archca und m brick-helds any where where there Wus tome warmth or shelter, from the cold and rain. Hut in the last stage of poverty, disease und houseless waul, he was a druukurd still. At lust, one bitter night, he sunk down on a doorstep, fuint and ill. The premature decay of vice and profligacy hud worn him to the bone. Hit checks were hollow and livid ; his eyet were sunken und their sight was dun. I lis leg: s trembled bvneath his weight, und a cold shiver ran through every limb. And now the lonir-forirotten tcenet of a mis- spent life crowded thick and fast upon him. He thought ot the time he had a home, a hapt v, cheerful home and of those who peopled it, und flocked about him ihcn, until ihe formt of his elder children seemed to rise up from the Igrave, and ttund ubotit him to plain, to clear and to distinct they were lhat he could touch und feel them. Lookt that he had long forgot- ien, were iixeu upon uuu 0i,oe more; voices, long since hushe-' '. death, toundel in his ear " :. ! and cold and hunger were gnawing nt his heart agam He rose and dragged his feeble limba few paces further. The street was iilent and emp ty the few passeri bv. at that late hour, hur ried quickly on, and bis tremuloui roice wa lost n the violence of the storm. The heavy chill again struck through his frame, and hit blood seemed to stagnate beneath it, He coiled himself up in a projecting doorway, and tried to leep. But sleep had fled from his dull and glazed eyes, llis mind wandered strangely, but he was awake and conscious. The well-known shout of drunken mirth sounded in his ear the glass was at his lips the board was covered Willi rich lood they were before lnm, lie could see them all he had but to reach hii hand and take them and thoueh the illusion was realitr itself, he knew that he was aittine alone in the deserted street, watching the rain drops as they pattered on the stones ; and there were none to care for or help him. suddenly tie started Hp in the extremitj cf terror. lie had heard his own voice shouting in the night air; he knew not what or why. Hark! A groan I Anotherl llis senses were leaving liim half formed and incoherent words burst from his lips ; and his hands sought to tear and lacerate his flesh. He was going mad, and he shrieked for help till his voice failed hira. He raised his head and looked up the long dismal street. He recollected that outcasts like himself, condemned to wander day and night, in those dreadful streets, had Sometimes gone dis tracted with their loneliness. He remembered to have heard many years before, that a home less wretch had once been found in a solitary corner, sharpening a rusty knife to plunge into his own heart, preferring death to that endless, weary wandering to and fro. In an instant his resolve was taken; hit limbs received new lifci he ran quickly from the spot, and paused not tor Dream until lie reached the river side. He crept softly down the tteen stone Stairs that led from the commencement of Waterloo bridge down to the water's level. . He crouched into a corner, and held his breath, at the patrol passed. Never did a prisoner s heart throb with the hope of liberty and life half to eagerly as did that ot the wretched man at the prospect of death. The watch passed close to hira, but he remained unobserved ; and after waiting ti'l the sound of footsteps had died away in the dis tance, he cautiously descended, and stood be neath the gloomy arch that formt the landing place from the river. The tide was in, and the water flowed at his feet. The rain had ceased, the wind was hilled. and all was for the moment still and quiet to quiet that the rippling of the water against the barges that were moored there, wat distinctly audible to his ears. The stream stole languidly and sluggishly on. Strange and fantastic forms rose to the surface and beckoned him to ap proach; dark gleaming eyes peered from the water, and seemed to mock his hesitation, while hollow murmurs from behind urged him onward. He retreated a few paces, took a short run, a desperate leap, and plunged into the river. Not five seconds had passed when he rose to the water's surface; but what a change had taken place in that short time in all hit thoughts and feelings I Life, life, in any form ; poverty, misery, starvation, anything but death. He fought and struggled with the water that closed over his head, and screamed in agonies of ter ror. The curse of hit own tdu rang in his ears. The shore but one foot of dry ground he could almost touch the step. One hand't breadth nearer, and he wat saved but the tide bore him onward, under the dark arches of the bridge, and he sank to the bottom. Again he rose and struggled for life. Pot one instant for one brief instant the buildings on the river's bank, the lights on the bridge under which the current had borne him, the black water and the fast flying cluuds, were distinctly visible once more he sunk and ngnin he rose bright flames of fire shot up from earth to heaven, and reeled before hit eyes, whilst the water thundered in hit eartt and tlunned him with the furious roar. A w eek afterwardt the body Was Washed ashore some miles down the river, a swollen und disfigured muss. Unrecognized and unpi- tied, it was borne to the grave there it has long since mouldered away. Ltickent. THE SANDWICH ISLAND. Some account of these islands will prove ac ceptuble ut a time when the question of annex all on is before the public. Referring to Cory phecus Rorcham't " Life on the Ocoan Wave," we find, pp. lt3 164, the following accoutiti "I lie Eandwicli Islands lie a lew nulet to the i , 111 1 11 north of Jioston Harbor, and are principally re '. . y.. inarKuuie lor uie growth or tea weeds 1 . .. . . Clam and oyster shells are found in abundance, scat tered ulong the shore ; and on the high ground in the interior, the celebrated chick-weed plant. to prized by Canary birds, waves with prodigal luxuriance, a ne nuuve inuuoiiunii 01 me lkiunus are divided iuto three clusses, which ure called, in the barbarous dialect, Rats, Sea Guilt and Rabbits. These ishiiit! urn nf creut vutui aft ..depot where picnic parties very frcqueutlv stop; and take their hume from the quantity of sandwiches und mutton piet which are here consumed. Valuable pebbles are found upon the beach, and the gulf stream washes up a number of cats and drowned pigs, together with straw und beaver huts, supposed to have been blown overboard from the heads of gentlemen who had bricks therein, lhese islands wrrr first visited Lv Mr. Hardinir. commoulv called the 1 Father of the Fishermen 5 ' und it it very desirable that they should never fall iuto the hands of the Uritish power." Mr. Rorekam theu proceeds in hit usual lucid style, to give a view of the habits of the natives. and we recommend hit work to tht attention of ull who wish to be posted uu on a uuestion which teem to be one of growing importance. Carpet Bag. tei aa4 rrovtadsr. When younir men have nothing to live ur.mi but love, they get married just at if huggipgHItd tuning wcro Buoiuu.,e tor luuiion-cni; or a if terms of udearment would supply ,e i)i.M at Jmushe jajj, and f icuced maokarcl, Th phi- ' THK HEW H0TT7X ?0WEtt. The new ship, intended to tett thoroughly lh celebrated Caloric Engine Invented by Capt, Ericsson it now nearly finished. We finds very complete description of the vetsel and the new engine in the New York Tribune. It will be one of the finest tpeciment of ship architec ture ever constructed in this country. Should thit grand experiment tucced, which it most probable, the days of steam are numbered, and explosions and burnings will be no more: the important reduction in the Cost of power will introduce the new engine everywhere, and we shall toon record the arrival of the U. 8. Mail Air Ship from Liverpool, etc., a familiarly as we now note that of our tteamshipt and slem boatt. ' -.- JJEW BOOKS, Manual of Sword Practice, illustrated with ctth. The Jew's-harp without a Master. Grebo Made Easy, in Six Lesions, bv E. O, Digg.U.G. - A Collection of Choctaw Poemt, with Es planatory notee in Chinete, by Sing-Sing Foo Foo. Prof. SJotchkclrxy's Pronouncing Diction ary. EsMy on Tediousness, pp. 2264, dedicated to Congress, by a member. Chatter for Chatterboxes, by ChalillVn ChaW terton. Carpet Bast. ... A Toast. At a Mason county celebration of Independence Day, the following: tentimeht wat proposed fey Lieut. John B. Herridon : -Dollar News paper (Phi la). "The JVewmtavtr. The Peasant' encyclope dia, the villager t lyceum, the unmoneyed boy's college, the hermit 't only counselor, the mer chant's printed ledger, the lawyer's brief: in type, the politician's Vade evctirn, the great man s architect, the lady s most attractive parlor ornament 5 in teacher ol ides shooting, th preacher of the best practical sermons, the col lector of interesting items, the lecturer en va riety, the traveler round the globe, th doctor of wholesome prescription!, and the governor of the commonwealth of intellect ; the key of the lock of character, the index-finger of publie preference, the D'Orsay ot fashions, th expos itor of public opinion, the Disraeli of literary curiosities, and the Bulwer of novelists." In Greene county, Va., a man by the name of Garnet, while drinking from a brook, swallowed a leech. After trying several remedies, a pow erful emetic was administered, when the reptile was thrown up alive. Althoueh relieved from the leech the man died in a day or two after ward, the account says, from the injuries which it had inflicted J but, in our opinion, like many other remedies, death resulted from the effect or the powerful emetic. In all human proba bility the gastric iuice of the ttomanh have destroyed the warn Jn i hours, without any injury whatever to the man. Dol. News, Balking ef Horses, We have alwavs looked unon the habit of balking in horset at incurable. We have seen it lately ttated that the Mexicans overcome this propensity by the following kindly treatment;! The driver approaches the head of the horse, pats him gently on the neck and head, speaking soothingly to him all the while) after a few min utes, when the horse's sulky humor somewhat subsides, the driver commences to blow verr gently upon the horse's nostrils, which he con tinues to do for a few minutes, then soothes and pats n:a again, and repeat the blowing up the nostrils, when, it is said the animal will b fouud to have been subdued. This it the nlan. also as stated by Catlin, that the buffalo calve are tamed by the Indians; whether It will prove successful in conquering this radical fault in th horse, we know not it may, howerer. be worth the trial. 1 80 far as our experience troes. kindness is nna oE the best corrective! of bad habits, either in man or beast; and it may be, that the gentle treatment indicated above may be efficacious f Baked Earn. ' Many persons boil hami. Th better baked. Soak for an hour in clean water, and wipe dry, and spread It all over with thin. uour twiner, and lay in jrtleep dish, with sticks under to keep it up. out of the gravy. hr. ui.j uuo, ihc oLiiio sun anu oaiier eru id upon the flesh tide, and set away to cool You ""a very ueiicious, but too rich for dys peptics. ' ' T, In small quantities, is said i0 be SA ex cellent medicine for hogs. 8mthin; Wanted fttlcgrafrt. A substitute for boxwood, for woo-i enrravbs? is much wanted. This wood i , ' costs $500 per ton. and it .11 Turkey and Italy; various. W.. J wood h,v bee tried to ...perjede it, but one ne Jx 1 V. ....:..:.. . 1 1 ., , . " aiu uijalHiea. Hardness ,. not the on) y ,.,,, it Jwt u cJoi. tu the grain, and fre, frora Wtth. graver. Type metal, with .em ehge in th form of tools, mav ..,-... :.. .." i uiicuc irieu. nar. th . .- - i .i 1 ; , rv'uo ,1, ma price 01 boxwood is getting higher evry year. . .. :. : ' .?hMITi" w"purpe. Incur next f.tu. UI a ly LU Brru? " that 1 !Si n 1lat,a G,r' I-iy, Ki.h. mond, Oarrollton, Brvn.wick, Kevtesville, Glasgow, 1-ayette, Columbia, Fulton, liuiville. , Louis mere to connect wita cne to St. . U'.'VOIld all liuntinn it i k- w,.t 1.. porUnt road in the Sute, will pay better, a4 k demanded by higher consideration thx any other road iu the State. Liberty Tribune, Foh Listaia.- The Colouiutioa Ilendd ay, in consequence or tiumeroua application for passag ta Liberia, it i intended to tend three vensela thiiher ilinrtlv TK ..;t from Bulti.oiore, on th 15lh September t New vi, vjiooer j na Uaatimere, N or ember 1. Th following may be set down as tht correct vota belwetn lieutou and Caruther. All lb returns are official, except Reynoldm and the vol from tliut county we hat n, says lh Jvffer , son Inquirer, from lion. Jn. Lindsay, pivmber of th Senut. It is, for bent on, ti3, CaiuUmr U), ard Mofrr upwrvl of hundred, ilejitmv, 3(t l-', CrmLer, 7,4i3, ,f , ., , i 1";. t i i V.; 5K V s louim to m rum, ana 11 e vwuvu u v. . -" - ! X" 5A.