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Hannibal journal. (Hannibal, Mo.) 1852-1853, September 30, 1852, Image 1

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TERMS; -One,; Dollar, if paid In Advance; if not paM witlilti Six Months, One Dollar. ; and ;Fiily ; Cents ; ; if not - .paid vithifi Twelve Months TWO l)OLMnS
( Tht Clsy Konum.nL '
We liave received from' Mr. J. I). S. Le
moine, Secretary o the Clay Monument Asso
ciution, the following preamble and resolutions.
,, , Deeply si the whole Union is indebted to the
Rreat man in whose honor this mnguificcnt mon
ument will be raised, Missouri owes it to hcr-
aelf to furnish this imperishable evidence of
lier gratitude. To it Missourians of all parties
.hould cheerfully contribute. The second res-
, . mi . i i
olution we are ture will meet with general coin-
James II. Lucas from the committee on
lutions, appointed at the last meeting, submitted
the following report, which was, on motion,
unanimously adopted : decide on that route ollering, in their judg-
Your committee, having duly considered the ;lncnt, the most advantages. I'ublio opinion,
auhjects referred to them, are of opinion that in a!ong l'lc trial line of lust year, says, Unit the
the present position and prospects of this city, Jroad will run on a straight line, or nearly so, not
ny attempt on the part of its people to rear a jnt varying much from the line dividing Town
monument to Henry Clay, of a temporary or "'P? 07 and 5. I'ublio opinion is often wrong,
trivial character, would result in our own "day, a"d in this case we should not be at all surprised
In a cause of humiliation and reproach, uud ,t ,l a tai;!t. Wc have yet tc learn that it
Would probably subject us to the contempt and ;'s a desideratum in Itail Roads, that they should
Uepsion of those who may come after us. nm un a straight line, especially a road of such
. We acknowledge the proud future our city a length ns this one. If thi road extended from
lias before her; that future cannot well hoover- termini somewhat contiguous, it might be urged
estimated. Tor all time, St. Louis must be the with some force, and even plausibility, that tho
fcreat commercial metropolis of the Mississippi rou,e should be direct. No particular interests
Valley, il her people are but true to themselves, i would demand a deflection of any moment. Hut
tlistory teaches us that commerce has at uU :,n's roiul extending from great rivers washing
times been the handmaid of the arts. We ma$- jllie extrcmo eastern and western border r a gi
rest assured, therefore, that our oity must be- Kiint'c young Slate, should so accommodate itself
come distinguished for their cultivation. Let lo.'''.e expanding and growing country embraced
js, then, in this first attempt, at a public monu- j within these rivers, as to opou it up to settle
ment, rear one that may stand the test or time, j"11-'"1 and cultivation; and by so doing would in
and reflet credit on the taste, enterprise and cease the business, and consequently the profits
public spirit of our people. jf the roud.
To k this, we must resort to a material (lit- There is no road of 200 miles in length that
fercnt from any that has thus far been used in runs upon a straight line. That plea is very
this city, and it would be most appropriate to , rarely ever heard, save from interested persons,
build this monument out of our own Missouri jwho may chance to live on or near an air line
granite. jbetwecn certain points.
The experience which wc have from kindred I. '10 great New York and Trie Road, extend
enlcrpriscs, in other cities,, teaches us that it 'S through ihc southern lier of ewiinties in the
requires considerable time to accomplish such j Stale of New York, commences at Picrpont on
tn undertaking. We should, therefore, proceed ,l'lc Hudson river, and after almost numberless
deliberately, and proc.ire and concentrate snfil- 'deviations, terminates at Dunkirk, on Lake
cient means to rear such a monument as will be rlei full ninety miles north of a straight line
an ornament to our city, and on a scale propor- westward, and as far north as the latitude of
tioned in some degree to its prospective gran
In attempting to make nn annroxiinrdo csti
Tnate or the cost of such a structure, fro n tho
data in our reach, we are ot opinion that tiio sum
.ribi r.in ... II. ... .IM . -ill . i
of 90,000 would cover it. This, it will be said,
i a large sum of money to ex pen I w hen no
lircct or positive good is t result, and that, too,
whilst our city is deficient m several necessary
public institutions.
The people of St. Louis liavf done much al-
ready, and can do, in due time, all that might be
expected of a charitable, enlightened, and pub-
lie spirited people, besides this just tribute lo
exalted patriotism and worth.
Have th'ey not built hospitals, school houses.
maintained expensive poor houses, and orphan
asylums? Look at our numerous mid mi'.gniti-
cent, eliiivlies, the Mercantile Library Hall,
theatre, Sic. Are they not. building plank
ruads, macadamized roads, jind railroads, in cv-
cry direction from our city; and who is t!ie
poorer for ull this? Ask tho laboring man. ami
fie will answer that l,e pets n trood nriee. for his
laW, and is thriving ? Ask the contributor, to
all these enterprises, he will answer that ho is
tione the poorer
.1 ' '
oflr committee would, therefore, recommend
the adoption of the following resolutions :
Rcsalvfil, That in the opinion of this Hoard,
the monument" proposed to be erected in Ibis
city in commemoration of the public services
and exalted patriotism of Henry Clat, should
Lc of a character and magnitude in some degree
corresponding with the present grandeur and
future destiny of our city.
Resolved, That said monument should bo de
igned with massive proportions, and construct
d of imperishable material, lo bo procured out
ot the granite quarries of our own State.
litiHcCd, That, whilst attempting to perpetu
ate the name and Tame or the great orator and
statesman of the West, wo should remember
that we are perpetuating the history of our own
day and liiye ihe middle of Ike Nineteenth Cen
liry and that we will be judged of by what
may remain or our written history, and by the
monuments and memorials of art we may leave
behind us.
Resolved, That architects and amateurs dis
posed to furnish designs or plans, for the pro
posed monument free of charge, be invited to
furnish them with specifications and estimates,
addressed to the Secretary of this Hoard.
Resolved, That books of subscription be
opened in tho different wards of Ihe city, and
in tho county, under the direction of a committee
of this Hoard and that when desired, such sub
scriptions may be made payable in annual pay.
ments for five years.
Resolved, That tho citizens of the Slate at
large be invited to contribute such sums as they
may think fit, towards tho construction of the
monument in question, and that voluntary con
tributions of strangers may be received, and
their names recorded in a book to be kepi fur
the purpose, as honorary members or the Clay
Monument Association.
Provision wa made during the last session of
Congress for the making and distribution of
letter envelops, bearing postage stumps, which
are to be supplied to the public ut the cost of
procuring them, as near us may be. The advan
tage or this it obvious, and tho public have long
demanded it. All postmasters are to bo fur
liished with them for tale, and us " other per
sons " may buy them by the quantity of tho
government agents, doubtless the book stores
will be supplied with them.
Ntw Omleiks, Sept, 10.
The Picayune hat received advices from the
city of Mexico to the 21st ulf. The only item
of importance is the issuing of a proclamation of
the Government, recognising Divila, an insur-
pent eliinf at Governor of J ilapa. The afUirt
cf the country assume a frious aspect.
Frutr. the Trenton (Grundy Co.) rioncer. .
Hannibal and St, Joseph Eailroad.
It is our intention to say a few words nt this
time, upon the location of ihe route. Where the
Road will be located, we venture to say no per
son can ul present predict.' If the usual course
be adopted in its locution which everywhere
prevails in such cases, we imagine that the cn-
ginecrs, a corps composed of highly educated
j"nJ '""thematica! men, will run various routes,
I'TV n"? P"1'? th.',ir f""
mates, exhibit profiles and plans, showing how
muoll embankment here, how much excavation
there, how many culverts and bridges on ench
rcso-'rn"lc: aill show llic sum total of the cost and
distance. These estimates, thus obtained, will
Un presented to the Hoard of Directors, who
Boston. If the company who built this road had
uic siraigut line mania, iney coukl nave lapped
the lake on a much nearer route, and saved one
hundred miles in distance on the road, as well
kttn' ' Money. And so xany cf the
....1. ..,) I 1. :.. . 1. .. 1 f 1 . i
principal roads in the United States,
There is presented to our minds among oth-
'vri nc, to us Torcible objection why this Road
nouui not run on a direct route. And that is,
'f t'16 munificent grant of public land is to be
rendered available in the construction or this
road, the road should ruu through the great body
"f these lands, inasmuch a the lands cannot be
'elected to a distance exceeding fifteen miles on
leach sidu or the Road.
I Now it is well known, that vast quantities or
!tl'e best lands, most, valuable for rock, timber
!n,ul water, are entered up by speculators, big
and little, upon the straight line route. Nearly
'every man who could scare up money enough to
Ully a 'a"d warrant, has done so. and laid it where
j'10 fumlly bclitivcd the road will pass, indulging
i in the belief, that upon some lucky morning, he
'will awaken and find himself suddenly rich.
u are informed that nearly the whole route
.has thus been shingled over with entries, save in
... !. ... 1 .. .1 Si- I
some nnmenso pruu ics. i ins ueing mimiueu,
of what avail will the grant of lands be? Again,
'arge bodies of military lands lie directly upon
the air route, thus imposing another obstacle.
! addition to these objections, might be urged
the nearness to the Missouri river J a formida
ble competitor for the trade and travel. Al
ready there is a project entertained of a rival
road running through the river counties on the
north side, via Weston, Uichmoud and wuns
wiek, which if executed, will most indubitably
injure the business of the straight line road.
Hut time and our space this week, will not
permit us to say all we desire. Wc understand
that a strong disposition is now manifested in
, i . .1 1 f,'
U1U lU )U 11 11(11 ICI , 1U I 11 II II IU I U.111 U9 lill 1IUI Ll
il .1 .. . .. i. i , i
, ,, . . i i a. i i
1114 1 UOIillU llll. IIIW?. l.lllil. -kill. v M lilt. ..fa 1 1 1 ..il
.... . ... ... .
1 ..!.(. :.. il. I l i A ...I .. n-a o..-.l
that a line will be run, crossing the est t ork
at Cr.ivensville. If
so wo may venture to say
.1.... .1... ....II ...... .... I '..1 I .... k ' ....Ili
. , l . .t n
in Aubrey Grove (n good route) theneo tollow
,, , . . ' , r, i i- '
tho Livingston nnd Grundy line, nnd cross at
,.,., i ii . ,i i . .
Mr. Craig s, or deflect north, crossing between
Hickory and Coon Creeks, via Edinburgh, and
crossing East Fork at Trenton.
An intelligent surveyor, who has examined
all the crossing of the river, say that the bluffs
. . .
111. II 11IU lUUItT Will IUI1 1.1 IIIIIIBINI IV l--llll.ll. 9
neur Trenlon present the best crossing Iromtne
mouth lo the head of the river. The bottom is
not over four hundred yards in width, and rock
and timber in great abundance are right nt hand.
Make Trenton the northern apex and the road
will pierce Ihe richest portion of tho State, and
the trade of ull Northern Missouri will inevita
bly tend to tho road. The increase in the length
of the route will not be serious, nnd the rich
dividend resulting from this route will amply
compensate the company and stockholders, nt
two ways: Firstly, by reason of fully secur-
ii.u .... luw ....
n U Ihc lauds to be obtained under the grant
of Congress, and secondly by reason of also sc-
curing the northern trade without a rival in tho
1,-1,1 .
Vo earnestly desire lhat on experimental
route be run to Trenton, and that the President
and Director will
-ii ? i i-
give our country a fair
chance for the Road
Poisonous CiiionovoBM. Dr. C. T. Jack-
son, of Boston, state that chloroform made from
common .corn, rye and potato whisky, is poison-
oti, and the cuuso ot the many death
attis winch
have occurred from the use of this agent
Camphor j procured from a tree which erowt
largely in India and China. Tho largest iiuan-
ttty of the gum it found in the knot und root.
It is distilled Willi water.
The election for President and Vice President
I of ihe United States takes place on Tuesday, the
Stli day of November next, except in South
Carolina, where the, people cannot he trusted,
land l'ier nil utisinosa is laaen on muir nanus
'by the Legislature.
Krom tlifl Alton Tikjraph.
The railroad from this city to Sringficld has
been opened, and in operation scarcely a week,
and already, to judge from tho tono of our co
temporary of the Courier 'on the subject, it is
working the ruin of Alton, with the incvitublc
certainly or fate. A strangor would readily in
fer that very great excitement prevails among
our citizens, and that a complete reaction has ta
ken place in their sentiments in reirard to tho
effects or this great iron thoroughfare upon the
trade and business of our city.
As long as this imaginary excitement was
confined to tho columns of the Courier, we did
nt deem it worth while to notice it; but as the
impression has gone abrond that it is real, and
existing among us, it is well enough to disabuse
the public mind upon the subject.
There doea exist among many of our citizens
some complaint on account of the course which the
railroad company has deemed it expedient to
pursue in regard to tbeir lino of packet bouts
between this city and St. Louis. It wns not
supposed the;e boats were to be mr? contin
uation of the railroad, and tho freight passing
over the line was to bo receipted fnm St. Louis
through. It was expected by our commission
merchants that the business of the boats would
bo separato and distinct from the business of
the road. While the boats were considered not
only a great convenience, but absolutely neces
sary for speedy transportation and commerce,
il wns not for a moment supposed that the com
pany would receive freight nt any other point
than their depot in this city. In this, we have
all been in a measure disappointed, and think
our citizens have some right to complain. It is
a policy which, while it cannot materially bene
fit the business of the road, will take from our
commission and. warehouse merchants much
which, otherwise, would be transacted by them.
What considerations actuated the company in
this matter, we do not know; but we believe
they are temporary, and as soon as the facilities
and advantages of the road are fully understood,
they will pass away, and lead lo altogether dif
ferent arrangements.
Further than this, we know of no excitement
of any kind in this vicinity on account of the
Railroad, except that which results from a very
manifest increase of business among all classes
of our merchants. It is true, croakers are to be
found in all localities and we have our shore
of them here who make up their minds before
hand to be satisfied with nothing. Such short
sighted men as these, luougul libit nun luv wm-
pletion of the road, and without another effort,
I heir fortunes were forthwith made, and that the
trade ot the entire country was secured beyond
a perudventure. Now these same persons are
equally convinced that all is lost, and that Alton
is henceforth to be a mere intermediate point be
tween St. Louis and Springfied. X Their expect
ations in the first place were as unsubstantial as
their tears now are without foundation.
From such, this "hue and cry" against the
Railroad Company, because secret reports ore necessary to the stern and resolute performance
in circulation, that it is seeking to run its track ;of the important duties of a President of the
to the river, establish a wharf-boat there, and (United States. The democratic papers have no
employ its own drays, was of course to be cx- 'right to complain of this exposition, Tor many or
peeled. There is, however, no foundation for j the democratic papers have had the shameless
them, anil they are too ridiculous to bo contra- iness to call Gen. Scott a coward, and we pre
dicted. When the Company asks such privi- sume there is scarcely a democratic paper in the
leges from our city, it will then be time enough
lo talk and raise an excitement. Alton will then
iuiuu ucu u i-uuisc inijjiMiu hm, "
Jignifled regard for herself may requre
Wo are no apologist for the Alton and Sanga
mon Railroad Company. IVhat we say is not
with the intention ot vindicating its action, or
extenuating the course ef its directors. We
speak what we feel to be true, and founded in
reason. The prejudice, which is attempted to
be ru'ucd against the road, is wholly premature
and unwarranted by the facts, and, we believe,
does not reflect the sentiments of the calm-thinking,
moderate, nnd more calculating portion of
our citizens. Il is, in a great measure, ill-timed,
ill-judged, and impolitic.
Nothing remarkable has occurred in regard
to the business of the road. The disappoint
-infill, m noi
ment, m not entirely, or even considerably, the
I. P. I ,1.1
result of the course pursued by the Company
. . . , , .r , . . -
:lt originates rather m the wild anticipations or
r . .
il tinrlinii m mir t-MMZtMia
ll was a mistaken
: , . , . ,,-,
j f , i.; ,i,i
' , , , , . . . I I .1
iuu locally reuuecu, uuu i mi woiim uii'iire-
.. h . 1 ',. . . (.
lorih sit in our counting-rooms and control the
.... .
business ot the country.
i ., , ,
I Cl"c ore nl "ul!t " day trade is not es-
jtublishcd in the twinkling of nn eye. Time is
required m the building up of both. We speak
.with confidence when wc say that Alton stares
i. f :.. f . .... ...:n :
,u"o"1 '" -:, um u icijuim mi
effort on our part to mako the omen good. If
wo would compete successfully with ihe mer
chants of other cities, we must oiler the same
inducements. We run afford to give as good
prices for produce here as are given in St. Lou
is; and am receive groceries and furnish goods
here, direct from the Eastern and Southern
markets, cheaper than after a transhipment at
St. Louis; and if we do not control a large
share of tho wholesale business of the interior,
the funk will bo at our own door.
We havo within ourselves every facility for
i . , , ,-i 1 1... -
carrying on a large an i.oera. u.isiness, aim our
jwholetale grocers, jobbing merchants and pro-
I u,ll-u ui-w w . ..... u. ......
& ot lh Ato anJ Sangamon Railroad in
very unmistakable manner. The fall trade
ti:i imiMUMl eurnpr limn usual ufiil llnorr ma
most promising auspices. II is destined to be in
every respect larger than ever before, and will
icoiilinue with each return to increase and ex-
e"J; . l,r merchant are entering into a sue-
. "v,j "i "r ( -.
ami sirengiueueu uy mo wwuiiijj oi iiii roan, in-
lvad of beinL' ill tha sliehtest decree weakened
bv it. as a portion of our citizens have been led
to imagine
QalphiaUm. .
The exact amount of the deficit of the lale
Locofoco State Treasurer, Peter G. Glover, as
ascertained by the committee ot the Legislature
appointed lo examine ins aecounit, is tiaieu at
$37,01591. Two, if not three of the Ireasu-
,reri niiineuiiiiiiy prcueuiug nuu, ni uiv uo
aullert. IUpublitun.
Ota. Pitre's Conrsga. ;...
Il is a most extraordinary development in re
gard to Gen. Pierce, made in the extract wo
give below from the Louisville Journal. That
Gen. Pierce permitted himself to be shipped in
tho face without resenting it, seems to be a fact
incontrovertible: ..
We copied two or three Java niro from the
Baltimore 'Old Defender,' an article slating, on
the alleged authority oT a captain in the nrn't
that Gen. Pierce had his face slapped at a card
table in Mexico, on the evening before he start
ed for home, and that he did not resent the blow.
The article staled that the captain who made this
declaration Wns himself an eyo-witness of the
occurrence, and that lie was nnd olwaya had
been a Democrat, though unwilling to vote for
ricrce in this election; nnd that he wns the son
of one distinguished democrat, and the brother
of another. Hit name wns riot given, but the
editor of the paper said, that ir any democratic
napcr should venture to deny the truth of the
statement nnd call for ihe proof, il would be fur
nished. We nr not aware that tho paper in Bal
timore has been called on for its proof, but, as
we happen to be in possession of the names of
the parlies concerned, we shall give them. . The
officer who slapped Gen. Pierce in tho face nt
the card table was the distinguished Co). Ma
guide r, and the officer who was an eye-witness
oL tho occurrence, and upon whose authority
ihe statement was made in the 'Old Defender.'
was Capt. McLane, ton of the Hon. Louit Mc
Lane, who was in Gen. Jackson's Cabinet, and
brother of the Hon. Robert McLanc, a member
ot Congress from Mary laud.
the tacts occurred at staled, and the names
of the parties involved are now before the pub
lic. Gen. Pierce, robed in the livery of his
country, with his epaulets upon his shoulders,
and his sabre at his side, received a slap on the
lace from brother ouicer, and, instead of hold
ing that officer responsible for the insult, slunk 1
the next day from the city on his way out of
the country.
We commenced the present canvass deter
mined not to apply the term coward to General
Pierce, and we intend to keep that determina
tion. We must say, however, tiiat Gen. Pierco't
deporlment under Col. Magruder's infliction
fully explains, if any explanation it needed,
why he always fainted or got tick whenever
there wat any fighting to be done during the
active operations of the army in Mexico, We
this!: thst zr.j rr.r.v., r.f'.er re-'ligi r 1 r end full
account of Pierco's connection, or rather discon
nection with the battles in Mexico, would, if
asked his opinion as lo the probable deportment
of such a person under the circumstances of hav
ing his face slapped, unhesitatingly eay that he
would submit quietly to the insult.
We do not like lo dwell upon personal mat
ters, but we would nsk in all earnestness
whether a General, who submits tamely to a
blow, can possess the qualities indispensably
j United Stales that has not, upon the authority
ot llmi tmseraDie old trauor ana malignant sian-
; . . i . .......
Lmndy L,nne with 'ducking, bohhing. no idodg-
mg' in his duels m early We with Dr. Claude
and Dr. Upshur.
for a Presidential candidate bearing meekly
about with him a slapped face, though nomina
ted by fifty thousand Whig National Conven
tions. The Pkosvect in Ohio. The editor or the
New York Tribune, after passing a week in
Ohio, has written a lucid and able article upon
what he saw and heard there. We copy tho
two following paragraphs :
, . , . A,wi,ww , i r.
There arc at least 20,000 Irish born Demo-
crane voters hi Omo, Uo Un... o. vvlicai varJ
to vole for Gen. Scott, and most of them have
;declared that they will do so. Left to their
'own free choice, unprompted nnd uninfluenced
from any ouarter, they would of themselves give
him the Slate bv a handsome maiorilv. Hut all
manner ol inlhienecs are uroughl lo bear upon
them by the unscrupulous politicians who have
I .i ' . . i . i .1 Oi i . i - .1 e .
recently misruled the State lo swerve them from
their purpose. These combined effort will
have some cllect; how much cannot be told bo
'fore November. If they do not repel from Gen.
Scotl't support over haU the Irishmen who
want to vote for him, his triump'i is certain.
One more important element in the ennvas
remain to bo stated the whigs are at work.
j Without noise, or monster meetings, they are
quietly and efficiently preparing Tor the contest,
and will throw more votes for Ger.. Scott than
were ever cast in Ohio for ony candidate for
'any oflk-e whatever. Some of the old whig
'counties will exceed even the majorities they
'gave for Harrison in 1840, when he earned ihe
jSiutc by over 23,000 majority. If all ihe coiin
tics shull be as well contested ns we know two
linrus oi mem win
third of them will be, the result must bo all
. , , . . . .
en. Scott can desire.
, ,u imiV YVI1UL V
To show what General Scott't companions
'lhou,rjlt of j.j, unti
when he wat quite a
following extract from
i ... i iimi- in .
-rf o
, leucr written iy n imam i nompson, oi ir-
-ginia, to John Randolph, then a member of
'Coni;rc, from the Old Dominion. The letter
j foum, in lho ,ife of JollIJ Uaml0.m, by
illiigh A. Garland. Mr. Thompson say,:
. . , . .. : y .
i . ' n.. uibii hiwh . j-..-
I Liberty Slock and by its mentor. Major Scott.
! had rather have his windom than Nwion't or
ljicke't, for dend upon it, he hat dieted deep
in tht science of the mind.
We understand a number of wealthy Chinese
residents of San Fianciseo have tent to China
for a drijiutio trouo, und that they may short'
ly Le expected here!'" The troupe number up
ward of a hundred perlrmcr tragic, comic
Hnd music al-who have made a reputation at
home. Cul. Pjer.
From the National Intelligencer. ',
Incidents ef tat -Campaign.
. We are indebted to a friend now in Califor
nia, for the following interesting information :
... Saw Facisco, July 30, 1852.
Messrs. Gales S( Sraton: By the last steamer
we received the intelligence of the WI114 nom
inations and it it no exaggeration to tay that
they have met with a most enthusiastic reception
in California. . The anxiety for the arrival of
the steamer wat most intense, and, at loon at
her gunt announced that the wa oppftxiching
the city, an immense crowd collected on the
wharves to greet her arrival.. At toon at the
nominations were known, crowds were col
lected on every corner, and especially in front
of the otfice of the "Whig," where shout after
'shout went up for Scott and Graham. Very
toon cannon were pcuiing - lorin their loud
mouthed greeting, nnd bonfires were blazing on
the surrounding hills, while during the whole
evening the streets were, filled witli multitudes
of people, such as can only be seen in San Fran
cisco. 1 Un the whole, there it no mistaking the
1 feeling which these iromiituliont hare aroused
in California, and I think you may safely count
upon her at a whig State by majority of sev
eral thousands. On Saturday evening next we
i0 lo llav,e a RranJ unification meeting in the
Plaza, and, from present indications, it will be
gotten up as such meetings are gotten up only
in California. Such occasion in the AiLntic
cities are tame and tpiritlcst compared with the
demonstrations on similar occasions which are
witnessed here. ' Col. Baker, late of Illinois,
Geo. C. Batet, formerly of Michigan, T. Butler
Kinr, and other distinguished whigt are ex
pected to address the meeting. ' On the whole,
it promises to be "a right jolly affair," ahl is
only a foreshadowing of the exciting sct.-i.es
which wo arc to witness during the canvass. I
have taken some pains to ascertain the prospects
of the two parties in this State, and think I may
safely a4iy the whigt will carry it by a decisive
Good .Yews from Virginia. We have most
encouraging newt from the whigs in the west
ern portion of tho Slate. In one coiinty nearly
the entire voting population Will go for Soott.
At the election last fall one third of the vote was
given to the Democrats. That, we are assured,
is an indication of the general result, and the
whigt over there think of nothing else than car
rying the State by a rousing majority. All they
ask of us in the East it to hold our Cwn. But
we shall do more. The reaction hat already
commenced. Tho whiii V.hi V.C7C. -T.dl?cr?r.t
at first, are becoming warm and eager to join
in the shouts over the deliverance of the good
old commonwealth. AH accounts tell nt that
the Democratic orators have an up-hill uutinet
with Pierce. Day is breaking in old Virginia".'
Richmond Whig.
A Safe Bet.
About the time of the first influx of immigra
tion into California, a little scene occurred on
the steamer Tennessee, during one of her up
ward cruiss-s in the Pacific Ocean, which we do
not remember of teeing in print, but, whether
ever published or not, will, we think, bear re
peating :
One of those moral fungi on teciety, known
in general parlance by the soubriquet of 'black-
,la(, gpreaa tempting bait, in tho way of
,,. r rnrn hefnre n nrnmisnuotit pm.
; 0f Suckers, lioosicr, Muekevcs, ixrn-
craters, &,c, who were on their way to the
, Dora(lo. Among the number was a
jsturdy Kentuckian, who, in his humble suit of
homesnun. stood watching the game with intense
interest, rrescntiy thrusting ins nanu nuo me
depths of his overcoat pocket, he produced a
greasy pocket book, and taking from ilt recess
es a bill, he extended it to the dealer, saying to
him a
'Here, old feller, I lost a leu lhat limo, and
here's the money.' -
. .. "... i i . .1
'How is that?' exclauned the sharper, l taw
you make no bet.
, 'WU you tee, I sez to myself, sex I, that ar
Jack's been an oncommon lucky keerd, and dl
,durn . lcr ef , J teou 0 ,hc
' ',, it ,
j .ri :.. 1 i. i..i ..fi.,i .... . ",.v,..,
Thinking he had nicked ui a greenhorn, the
gambler gave a sly wink at the few 'knowing
ones,' who encircled him, and went ou with the
u ... ,i
Alter a few deal, our corucrackcr smacked
fuU em mtically ou ,hu ,ttble, and ex-
j ,
: t-iai
Dod rabbit it, thar goes another 'taw-buck.'
on the plaguey Jack! Here, take it, ole hoss-
fly-' . .
With an ill surpresscd grin of satisfaction,
the sharper took the money, and added it to the
rapidly growing pile before him.
In the due course of time, the Jack came up
triiimnhantlv. and our veoman iumnintr uu near
ly to the earlines, cracked his heels t.igether and
exclaimed :
'By G d I I won fifty, that time, to fork up,
you lovely old cuss, yon! '
The 'tell' wat to evident that the gambler hnd
nothing else to do than to poy the money, which
he did with the remark that the next time the
Kentuckian made a bet, ho wanted him to put
the money dowu.
When Jf .. jor Jack Downing called upon Gen.
Andrew Jackson at the White House for the
first lime, he waa regaled by the President with
Champagne and Olives. The doughty Major
tried both the first he liked; the second he did
not fancy, and laving the fruit back upon the
plate scarcely tasted, said J ; . ' ,
'General, your cider i good, hut Jam yorir
Just to thought an old-fashioned Democrat in
the interior of Wayne eounty, tho other day,
when his Locofoco brethren paid him the' com-
Iplfjteut or raising a hickory pole in front of hi
i;oue. un iiiiiuq uu uuiouiiun iw hid uuic, unt
when they proposed to elevate a Pierce and
King flag upou it.
'Hold ou, says he; 'I go the hickory pole,
cause that reminds me of Jackson l but '
1'ieree and King flae I can'l ttand, becaus I
rote for Skolt F .
The pole-raising discontinued precip itately,
Detroit . Advertiser ' ' ...
. VOL. .XNO. 5
The democrats pubb'-h lellef written br
Mr. Cty to the Whip, Executive Committee ot
reW York in 1818, .signing his reason for
not entering into the i.a.-v. Ir, .h'w ti.u-
Taylor, nnd they pretend to think his objectiona
lo t.en. Toy lor applicable to Gen. Scott.
mere eun scarcely be any honesty in thit
pretence. One of Mr. Clav't obi ecliont to Cent
laylor wat that he Was 'without the ler.l -
penence in civil aff.urt.' Gen. Scott hat had
important experience in rivil eff-nrs and hna
rendered a hundred fold greater amount r civil
tcrvice to Ihe country than Gen. Pierce. ; An
other objection of Mr. Clay to Gen. Taylor waa
lhat hit political opiniont were unknown. Gen.
Scott't political oninioni are at well ln.n
those of any man in the country; he hat. tlwajt
been a whig, and it a whic still: and hm
adopted the broad, comprehensive, and most ad
mirablc platform of whig principles, and pledged
himself to maintain it to the extent of hit power.
uuru oujeoiion 01 Mr. Ulay to lien, Taylor
was lhat he declared in a letter to the Richmond
Republican that he would be a candidate for the
Presidency whether nominated by the Whiir
National Convention or not. Gen. Scott waa
never accused or suspected of any such position
it was well known, and he, had declared a
thousand times, that he Would bow cheerfully to
the decision of the Whig National Convention,'
iiHiever 11 migm ne. r .
. It seeing to us, then,' the publication pf Mr
Clay' old letter, Wi'b the intention of injuring
Gen. Seolt is a rather weaker act than common
weaklings are in the habit of perpetrating.
1 uuu. iivuri
, ', "ttillioat of Hindi Want Aeres." ... ,
In an address to the Land Reformers of Wit-
consin, by II. II. V an Amrin4re. he ttatct the
following startling and melancholy factt :
In March, 1850, a census of inhabited cellar
of tine city of -.New -York, -wat made by the Chief
of Police. The New York " Religious Ob
server " of May 6, 1852, speaking of that cen
sus, statet that " fight thousand one hundred
and forty one cellars were found to be occupied
uy ciguieen inotisanu iour nunurea and fifty aix
persons, who had no other rcKMns.' One twen
tieth of the population of the city lived Under
ground." Let this ttartling faqt strike deep itt
te your heart I One twentieth of the popula
tion of that great city, for the want of home,
compelled to bury themselvea tinder" gfoundj'ex
poied to noxiout airs, shut out from tho light of
heaven, arid from the joy out atmosphere which
the Father of Man created lor. all felt, children.
Besidet these miserable inmate of cellar, ten!
of thousands of other raight be reckoned, whoj
by the oppressive rentt exactM under Iandlerd
ry, and the uncertainty of employment and ina
dequacy of wages, produced by the unrighteous
despoilment of man't natural riijht to th earth,
are compelled to wear away a drudging life iu
small tenements and unhealthy positions, to the
great injury of themselves, the ruin of their
families, and the danger of the commonwealth.
. hi tl.e f 1 nrd Congressional District in Maine,,
the Locofoco Convention quarreled arid nomina-
ted two caiididttet. -The fight waa furiout.
The partizant of Kimball charged Smart, the
other candidate, with casting more votes in con
vention than he was entitled to. Smart, in re
ply, gae the following picture of hi enemiet :
1 One of them hat passed cetmterfei't moner.
another violated important trusts in the collec
tion of debts, another hat stolen; a record, an
other has withheld funds, and put the Govern
ment to the expense of sueing for them; another
has been guilty of retting a man the worse for
liquor and g-mbling his money away from him.
and another wat known' a few year ago to pro
cure Uie nomination of a man for office by an
outrageous fraud. If necessary, the names, th
evidence, and facts, will be givett hereafter.
L.ny on, IWcLiuil." - . i ; ' -- .
At was right, a whig' was elected in this thY-
trict. .- - - ;-. " . :!
We have just been shown, by Mr. Owcnti
cashier of the Branch Bank at this place, a new
counterfeit $50 bill on the Southern Bank of
Kentucky, payable at Siniihland. Though it
seems not to be an imitation of the genuine $50
of this bank, yet it is to well executed at a
specimen of art that it is tvcll calculated (6 de
ceive the" unsuspecting. The President's sig
nature is very good j the Cashier's is nervous
ami irrregnlar. Vignette, man sitting by the
side of an ancient temple, with a scroll in one
hand and a pencil in right. A female' f iruro
standing with one foot on a globe, occupies the
right end of the counterfeit. On the left end
is the head of Washington, with a large Labor
and below, nnd on eich side of vignette is '50'
in figures, enclosed in lathe work. Letter A.
See genuine, w hich is very different. Hick
man Argun;
Rcvolgtio at Bcekos At sis. Late ver
bal accounts from Buenos Ayret, brbnght by
passenger arrived at Ne-y York,, state that a
revolution had broken out at Buenos Ayret on
the 20th July, and that the Provisional Governor
had resigned. . -".'-.-
The Hon. Robert C. Schenck, the American
Minister, had been received by the Governor
the duypreviout to the revolution."
ArrAiat iw Cvn. The. Havana corres
pondent of the New Orleans Picayune, usually
rclhibltf arid well informed, dated Sept. 2, writes
as follows ; ... 1 . ,
The editorial in this morning' Diario is of
course a Government manifesto. Ilauu.it that
disaffection does exist iii the islam!, that atresia
have been made, and that "soibe of the partiea
are strongly suspected of harboring feigu
inimical to the island." , You would sup
that the arrest are few. It is a gross' attempt
to deceive parties abroaJ. 1 speuk what 1 kuw
when I venture lo slate that there are eon lined
at this dale, in the Real Carcc), the Pii'da, FurV
Priii-'ipiN the Cubaiiu an I ihe Moro Castle, up-t
ward ot lour hundred prisoners, including four-
en females, I assure you this number is not
(Hggerated. Indeed, i am assured that it is
ven underrated. .
TLe state of insecurity it such that no man'
rvlire for the night certain that before dny I ipjil
h may nut l. carried irom hi house and Uxlged
in on of the forts, ..-,,,.
-- , 1.-1 . l rs.

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