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CZAR'S ARMY RESTS
CONSTANT SKIRMISHING OCCURS BETWEEN ARMIES. Natives Report That Japanese Are Leaving Only a Small Force in Front of Russians —Transferring Bulk of Their Army to Vladivostok Linevitch Is a Favorite. Gunshu Pass, 18 Miles North of Tie Pass, April 3. —General Mistchenko has moved forward into close touch with the Japanese and keeps up con stant skirmishing. Elsewhere every thing is quiet. General Mistchenko, when he learn ed of the beginning of the panic dur ing the retreat from Mukden, though an unhealed wound forbade his walk ing, drove in a carriage to his force and assumed command, which he has since retained, though he is unable to ride over the deeply mired roads, which are beginning to dry. Native reports, which may be taken for what they are worth, state that the Japanese are leaving before the Russian front only a screen, capable, with the help of the Mukden and Tie pass fortifications and garrisons, of holding in check General Linevitch, and are transferring the bulk of their five armies to Vladivostok by means of a wide movement, through Mon golia, to Tsitihar. Considering the great distance involved, the plan ap pears too bold and almost impractica ble; but Japanese intoxication from continued success, bold initiative and determined perseverance, must be re garded. The situation affords an op portunity for Russian cavalry, which thus far has played an insignificant role, to distinguish itself by ascertain ing the Japanese intentions. General Linevitch has ordered the resumption of drills, keeping the sol diers occupied in the day time and music in the bivouacks at night. An energetic regime is being instituted. The soldiers are much attached to the new commander on account of his sim ple. soldiery style of living. Reports that beriberi has been prev alent among the Russian troops at any time are unfounded. No case has been reported. The army has been resup plied with equipment for the summer, which the officers especially need, several regiments during the retreat throwing away all the officers' bag gage. Jap Scouts Busy. Tokio, April 3. —The following of ficial advices have been received %from army headquarters in Manchuria: "Our scouts advanced toward Hail ung and collided with 300 of the en emy's cavalry at Shauciengtzu, 30 miles northwest of Seilung, on the morning of March 28. The enemy, 4000 men strong, retreated to Hail ung. There are large stores of cereals at various points between Yienge cheng and Sanchengtzu. Yienge cheng is 35 miles north of Hieng cheng. 'The situation is unchanged in the Changchun and Kirin directions." The Earl of Orford Travels. London.—The Earl of Orford, who is moving from Mannington hall, his principal Norfolk seat, to Walterton hall, a smaller place in the same coun ty, is one of the most traveled of Eng lish peers. He has visited Japan, Cey lon. the West Indies and almost every part of North America, and Lady Or ford (born Miss Louise Corbin of New York) is as lond of journeyings as her husband. Lord and Lady Orford, among other things, have gone in for tarpon fishing in Florida, and two huge specimens of the fish, each one weighing well over 100 pounds, are preserved at Mannington. Russell Sage Retires. Russell Sage has at last decided to Quit the battle of business life. Upon the verge of the grave, he will now take a holiday, and "the street" will know him no more, save as a memory. The old family country house is being Put in readiness at Lawrence, on the Long Island shore, for it has been de termined by Mrs. Sage to take her husband there in a few days to remain through the summer, in the hope of fighting off "the last call" a few years at least. Within the past month the a ged financier has been close to death several times. Sherman Bell Retired. Governor McDonald has appointed Captain Bulkley Wells adjutant gen er al of the Colorado National Guard, *° succeed General Sherman M. Bell. Captain Wells was military comman der in Telluride while martial law was iu force under Governor Peabody's ad ministration. The emperor and Dowager Empress China decorated Minister Conger at his farewell reception. TAKE LIQUID SUNSHINE. Mysterious Solution for Dr. Rainey Harper. New York.—Dr. William Rainey Harper, president of tjie Chicago uni versity, will take his first liquid sun shine treatment Monday. The mysteri ous solution will be administered to the famous educator in the office of its discoverer, Dr. William James Mor ton. The application of concentrated X rays will be Administered by Dr. Morton himself, the case being too im portant to trust to the management of any subordinate. The distinguished patient will drink i a quantity of the yellow liquid known as 4 liquid sunshine," af ter which he will lie on a couch in the current of the X ray machine. The treatment will be continued for a period of 10 minutes, and the cur rent will be gradually increased un til the patient's body is aglow with a strange yellow light generated by the new force. It is this light which is believed to contain certain properties under which the cancer germ is de stroyed. The treatment will be re peated each day during Dr. Harper's stay in New York, and if found to be beneficial will be continued after his return to Chicago. The effect of the treatment on Dr. Harper is being; watched with interest by physicians in the United States. The treatment of "liquid sunshine" is yet in an experimental state. Dr. Wil liam James Morton discovered it a year ago. WASHINGTON NOTES. Representatives of 42 libraries in the state met in Tacoma Wednesday and effected the organization of the Wash ington Library association. The nexj meeting of the associaiton will be help in Portland the first week in July, at which time the national association meets there. The body of Volney Martin, who was killed by being run over by a loaded wagon, was buried at Walla Walla on Monday. Martin was hauling wheat. While going down a steep hill the horses became unmanageable, throw ing Martin under the wheels and crushing his head. "When that light goes out, your life goes with it." These were the words uttered by Herman Fisher, a painter, who shot and seriously wounded his wife in her home at Spokane, shortly after midnight bunday. Fisher threat ened to kill his wife and commit sui cide himself if she would not return and live with him. Sheep shearing commenced this week at the Frank Jackson place on the Pataha, near Dayton. Nineteen thousand sheep will be sheared at the camp—4ooo belonging to B. L. Dickin son, 5000 to Frank Jackson, and 10,- 000 to Dick Jackson. Among Dick Jackson's band are 400 Ramboullets, 10 of which carried off all prizes at the St. Louis fair. STEEL TRUST BLAMED. Many Wrecks on Railroads Are Laid at Their Door. Chicago.—The greed of the steel trust in turning out defective rails is being assigned by railway engineer ing and operating experts as a fruit ful source of accidents on American railways. The cause for increase in defective rails is said to be the desire of the steel manufacturers to secure economical operation and enlarged output. This desire has led to care less, inefficient and less expensive methods of manufacturing than for merly. With a view of compelling manu facturers to provide safe and perfect rails, and backed by magnates of big systems, the American Railroad asso ciation has decided to make a change in standards of specifications for man ufacturers of steel rails and to insist upon the manufacturers living up to specifications. Coming Events. Washington A. O. U. W. grand lodge, Tacoma, April 12-14. Order of Railway Conductors of America, Portland, May 9-14. Washington M. W. of A. state en campment, Spokane, May 3. Montana State Federation of Wom en's clubs, Deer Lodge, June 6-8. j Lewis and Clark Fair. Lewis and Clark centennial exposi tion, Portland, June 1 to October 15. Events: National American Woman Suffrage association, June 29-July 5; American Medical association, July 11- 14; Transcontinental Passenger asso ciation, June 5; United Commercial Travelers, interstate convention, June, 9; Traveling Men's day, June 10; Na tional Association State Dairy and Food departments, June 20; Pacific j Coast Electrical Transmission associ-j ation, June 20-21; American Library association, July 2-7; International Anticigarette association, July 15-17; Charities and Corrections association, national conference, July 15-22; Ne braska Lumber Dealers' association, July 17-18; Gamma Eta Kappa frater nity, national convention, July 20-22; North Pacific sangerbund, July 21-23; W. C. T. U., national conferences, June 27-28. OYAMA, A GENERAL JAPAN'S GREAT FIELD MARSHAL IS A MILITARY GENIUS. Weighs 300 Pounds and Is Six Feet Tall—Has Tremendous Foresight—A Practical Fighter—Has Been Mar ried Twice —Second Wife Studied in United States for Several Years. Marshal Iwao Oyama has earned the title of "the Napoleon of the Far East." It is doubtful if a greater military genius has yet come out of that strange country. Oyama comes of fighting stock, be ing of the Stasuma clan and the de scendant of centuries of Samurai. Tra dition gave him the instincts of the soldier, and his education developed them. The Japanese army of today is largely of his creation. Unlike most Japanese, the Marquis Oyama is a big man. He is six feet tall, broad shouldered, deep chested and weighs 300 pounds. He is, in his official realtions, a man of few words, but in society most genial. He is a man of tremendous foresight —always looking ahead and seeing what will be necessary to do almost as if he had prophetic vision. He is 61 years old, and was about 24 in 1868, when he took part in the war for the restoration of the emperor. After that war he rose steadily in mili tary rank, and traveled a great deal in foreign countries. While he was min ister of war he organized the Japanese army on a modern basis—organized as it is today. There are many great soldiers who are splendid organizers, but not as ac tual fighters much use. Marshal Oyama is not one of these. He is a fine, practical fighter, as his cam paigns against China and Russia show; a magnificent and daring strate gist and a man of great personal brav ery. He has the valuable facultv of gathering about him men of high char acter and ability, of inspiring them and getting them to work together withont friction. Oyama knows his officers and knows how to place them where they can do the most effective work. The career of Oyama has been an active one, both in war and in politics. His first active service in the field was in 1868, when he joined his cousins, the Counts Saigo, in leading the revo lutionary movement which restored the mikado to the throne of his anoestors. He entered that war as a captain and at its close was made major general. When the Franco-Piussian war broke out in 1870 he was sent by the emperor to observe it. Soon after his return his cousin, Gonnt Saigo, rebelled. But Oyama remained loyal to his emperor and commanded a division of the army in the long civil war which resulted in the death of 20,000 men, inclnding Saigo. In 1880 he became minister of war, and he spent the next 10 years in perfecting his army organization. In 1890 he was a full general, Count Yamagata being the only other man with that high rank. He and Yama gata had joint command of the armies that went to Manchuria to light the Chinese, and when Yamagata was in valided home Oyama. was left in su preme command. After a brief but memorable campaign he took Port Arthur. The glory of this campaign was due to the percision of the tactics, the inti mate knowledge of the enemy's country and the perfection of the organization. Had not the powers stepped in and called a halt the victorious Oyama would have swept on Peking. But the war was stopped and the powers man aged to despoil Japan of the fruits of her victory. The campaign was not lost, how ever, for the knowledge gained in it has proved invaluable to the generlas who have directed the war against Russia. Besides giving them a per sonal knowledge of the country, it proved "to them that the Japanese were as good in the field as on paper, and it also gave them the lessons in commis sariat that can be learned only by ac tual experience in warfare. Oyama's reward for this campaign was the coronet of a marquis and the baton of a field marshal. What his next reward will be it is hard to say. He has risen now to the very pinnacle of military rank. If Marshal Oyama's military chra acter is interesting, the domestic side of his disposition is thoroughly delihgt fuL Not only is he a fighter, but he is a great patron of the fine arts and one of the best amateur art experts in Japan. His house, in a suburb of Tofcio, is externally like a beautiful American home, with a splendid gar den laid out in thoroughly modern style. His Wife. Scarcely less interesting to American eyes than the marshal is his wife, the girl who was known at Vassar as Sute matsu Yamakana. During the 12 years ghe spent in this country she lived at the house of the Rev. Dr Leonard Bacon ta New Haven and at Vassar college. She came here when 12 years old and when she returned to Japan was almost an American in her ideas and ways as any of her school mates. She was married to Oyama soon after her return. She is a Chris tian a:id speaks Russian, French, Ger man and English with but little ac cent. Oyama, at the time she married him, was a widower with three chil dren, and two boys and a girl have been born to them. The boys are studying at naval schools abroad. What with preparing comforts to send to the soldiers and assisting in the relief of work among the poor fam ilies left behind, the marchioness finds little time now even to sleep. Her house in the suburbs of Tokio is turned into a 'headquarters for relief work. She has raised a fund amounting to $26,000, which has been utilized in sending comfort bags to the front. With other women of rank in Japan, she visits the hospitals at home. The marchioness is fond of her home and naturally is of a domestio nature. But she is frequently seen in court and is a favorite among her many Japanese as well as her American friends. McCarthy-Mellody Go. "Honey" Mellody and Jerry Mc- Carthy have agreed to a 20 round fight before the Spokane Amateur Athletic club on April 18. Following the announcement of Mc- Carthy on the day he returned to Spokane from the Butte fignt with Mel lody that he wanted another chance at the latter, ic has been a foregone conclusion that the two fighters would again come together. Eddie Quinn and Sol Mayer of the committee on sports were chiefly in strumental in planning for the mill. The bout is to be pulled off in the gymnasium of the club. By agreement the men are to weigh 144 pounds at 3 o'clock on the day of the bout. Marquis of Queensbury rules are to govern. The conditions, even to the number of rounds, that governed the Butte mixup are to rule in Spokane. At Butte McCarthy lasted well as long as he kept the crouching position in fighting tactics, but whsn he came out of the crouch Mellody put him to the bad, the count being taken in the 15th round. Non residents of Spokane can secure re served seats for the fight by writing TSddie Quinn, care the athletic club. IDAHO SQUIBBB. Thomas H. Davis of Pocatello has been awarded a pension of $30 per month and $900 back pension. Ed Byrne, a Potlatch farmer, was wounded while hunting. A bullet hit him in the hip. He was found in an almost insensible condition. Fred Justice, a lineman for the elec tric light company at Lewiston, was killed instantly Saturday afternoon by touching a high power line carrying 2200 volts. Never before in the history of the Clearwater district has the grain out look been so good as at present. Wheat buyers and farmers bring in from all directions the most flattering reports of crop conditions. From the summit of Mount Hood communication will be established with the Lewis and Clark exposition grounds. At eacn of these two points detachments from the United States signal corps service will be stationed, and each day and night communica- j tions will be exchanged by means of heliographs, flash signals and other methods known to the skilled signal soldier. That the state of Idaho now has the best pure food law in the United States is vouched for by Dr. H. W. Wiley, head chemist in the department of chemistry at Washington, D. C. Dr. Wiley has written to State Pure Food and Horticultural Commissioner A. McPherson commending the Idaho law. The state land board has decided, through the agency of the attorney general, to investigate the alleged fraudulent practice of land specula tors in the purchase of state school lands in the past, with the view, if power exists under the statutes, to cancel certificates and deeds to thou sands of acres of valuable land ob tained, it is contended, through fraud. Sixty thousand acres of timber land, valued at $10 per acre, are involved. The Lewlston land office has re ceived plats to township 33, range 3 west, and township 31, range 5 west. The first is on Craig mountain and the other on the upper Snake. The plats will be filed about May 1 and will be open for squatters. The state will then have its 60 days prior right to file before the land is open to the pub lic. Judge Joseph W. Huston died Sun-1 day at Boise, aged 72 years. He was: a native of Michigan and served in the war as a major in the Fourth Michigan cavalry. In 1869 he was ap pointed United States district attorney for the territory of Idaho and held the office nine years. In 1890 he was elected a member of the Idaho su preme court and served 10 years in that position. RIOTS IN WARSAW TROOPS FIRED INTO CROWD OF SOCIALISTS-FOUR KILLED. ' Forty Persons Wounded, Two of Whom Were Women—More Than a Thousand Jews Carried Red Flags on Parade—Other Disturbances Re ported. Warsaw, April 3. —A serious conflict occurred at 7:30 o'clock Sunday even ing in Dzika street, where a Jewish socialist society, known as the Bund, had organized a demonstration. The troops which came to dispense the gathering fired into the crowd, kill ing four men and wounding 40 persons, two of whom were women. The trouble in Dzika street began when, under the pretext of holding a memorial meeting for a late Jewish socialist leader, a crowd of more than 1000, mostly Jews, carrying red flags, marched into Dzika street arfd was met by a mixed police and military patrol of 20 men. The police declare the socialists fired revolvers at them, the leaders inciting the mob to attack the patrol, which thereupon fired sev eral volleys into the crowd. The crowd removed all except nine of the wounded. These were taken to the hospital. It is expected that two or more of the wounded will die. The dead and wounded were all Jews. The police made many arrests. Other disturbances are reported to have occurred. The streets have been patrolled throughout the day, the au thorities having anticipated trouble. Conditions here are causing much uneasiness and nervousness. Hand printed proclamations have been dis tributed in the streets warning the populace against walking near govern ment buildings and c ther buildings, as bombs will be thrown in these pre cincts. Several parents whose chil dren are attending school in defiance of the school strike have been warned by letter to withdraw their children, as the school buildings would be blown up. Representatives of the party of vio lence (it is not quite clear whether they are revolutionaries or socialists) are visiting private persons and levy ing contributions for "ammunition." They produce lists of names with the amounts to be collected from each, and require the contributor to sign his name opposite these assessments, which range from $2.50 to $50. Owns the Pearl. The supreme court at Hamburg has rendered a decision in the case of a pearl, valued at over $750, found in her mouth by a woman, who, accom panied by a male escort, was eating Oysters in a restaurant. The woman claimed the pearl, and her escort sup ported her claim, but the proprietor of the restaurant sued to recover the pearl on the ground tha£t shells, like chicken bones, were by tradition left by customers, and were a source of profit to the proprietor. The court decided that the pearl did not belong to the woman who found it nor to the proprietor, but to the man who paid for the oysters. Told Her to Stab; She Did. Lancaster, Pa., April 3. —Ralph W. Kline, aged 26 years, an artist, was fa tally stabbed Sunday afternoon by Jennie Good, aged 18. Kline and Miss Good were members of a fishing party near Long Park. Kline and the girl had a quarrel, dur ing which Miss Good threatened to cut out his heart. Kline threw out his chest and told her to stab. She did, plunging a knife into his breast. He is at a hospital unconscious. The girl fled and has not yet been arrested. Committee Fixes Fair Rates. Secretary Henry E. Reed of the Lewis and Clark exposition has an nounced that the executive committee of the corporation has fixed the follow ing rates of admission to the exposi tion: Commutation tickets containing 137 entrance cards, $20. Commutation books of 50 tickets, $12.50. General admission tickets, 50 cents each. The commutation tickets will con tain a photograph of the purchaser and will be nontransferable. Uncle Sam's March Business. The treasury statement of the gov ernment recei-pts and expenditures shows that for me month of March, 1905, the receipts were $46,267,755, and the expenditures $45,195,126, leaving a surplus for the month of $972,630. The disbursements on account of the war department show an increase of $1,- 317,400, and on account of the navy an increase of $900,000. For the nine months of the present fiscal year the expenditures have exceeded the re ceipts by $24,778,138.