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The Kennewick Courier
CITY OFFICIAL PAPER VOL. XI NO. 35 TEACHERS ARE PUPILS AGAIN InArudors Gather at Annual In stitute and Listen to Speakers of State-Wide Note Wednesday evening haw the close of a most successful three-days' in stitute of Benton and Franklin counties, held in Kennewick. The institute was in charge of the Coun ty Superintendents of Schools, Wata J. Jones and J. K. Busch, and the instructors included many of the best known and most popular in stitute workers from the various in stitutions of higher learning in the state, Prof. Lull being present from the University, Professor Cleveland from the State College, Miss Mont gomery from the Bellingham Nor mal School, Professor Craig from the Cheney Normal School, and W. E. Moore, supervisor of writing in the Everett schools. The state de partment of education was repre sented by Mr. Layhue, Assistant Superintendent of Public Instruc tion. The institute was addressed oil Monday by Professor Lull, on the subject of the "Doctrine of the Use ful," the speaker taking the posi tion that there should be a note of warning sounded against those who attempt to set the practical over against the cultural, there being, in his view, no sharp dividing line be tween a practical education and a cultural education. In the after noon Mr. Cleveland spoke on "The Teachers' Opportunity for Advance ment and Development." His talk showed that, in his estimation, there are certain tendencies in the teach ing profession that must be count eracted the work tending to make the teacher critical, sensitive to criticism, and didactic. The fail ures of teaching were, in the main, ascribed to lack of academic prepar ation and lack of teaching skill. Mr. Cleveland said, in the course of his remarks: "The function of the teacher is twofold: he or she must first of all be a leader, an inspirer of youth and a guide to proper de velopment, and secondly, an in structor, a teacher in the narrower meaning of the word. To be a sue cessful leader of youth one must know men and affairs, something of business and of the life of the world into which the youth is to enter. These qualities are conspieu ously lacking in the majority of teachers." The speaker suggested as a broadening agency, that the teacher take and read one good daily paper and the local papers, a good teacher's journal and one or two good reviews of current questions, and that a few minutes be given each day to the reading of good books. Tuesday Mr. Craig addressed the institute upon the teachers' possi bilities and duties in Social Center work, saying that the school bouse had too long been used as merely a place for the teacher and children and not as a gathering place for the people of the community. The op portunity of the rural teacher in creating an active interest in work destined to make the school the center of a pleasant and useful as sociation together of the people of the whole community, was especial ly applauded by the teachers. Miss Montgomery lectured in the after noon upon "The English Schools" ind related many of her experiences while visiting those schools. "The English schools," she said, "are much superior to ours in the matter of disciplining children, American children being unusually poorly governed; but are much inferior to American sctiools in equipment, due to the general practice of sending only the poorer children who can s n °t afford private schools, to the public schools." Mr. Lull lectured on Horace Mann, Wednesday, by paying trib ute to his high attainments as an educator and the originator of many °f the best features of our public school system, and Mr. Cleveland B Poke upon "Some Practical Ap plications of the Laws of Habit." Entertainment for the institute was provided by the Gray Concert company Monday evening and Ross yane, the cartoonist and clay mod ®; er ' Tuesday. Tuesday evening the ladies of the Literary Club and he Commercial Club tendered the . a °hers a reception. Special music ( ' r the iii-titute was provided by Miss Shier, supervisor of music in the Kennewick schools, the high school chorus and first, second and seventh grades participating. Mrs. Gifford rendered a very pleasing piano solo Tuesday morning and Mrs. Myrtle Hale Treadwell sang "Carmencita," by H. Lane Wilson, Wednesday morning. The institue closed with resolu tions to the legislature, favoring the enactment of provisions for more ad equate inspection of rural schools, compulsory medical inspection of school children in second and third class districts, the rebuilding of Cheney Normal School, a change in the time for the election of coun ty superintendents to some date in the spring, so as to take that office as far as possible out of politics, a law making the minimum salary for county superintendents of schools one hundred dollars per month, and the enactment of legis lation creating a teachers' retire ment fund. The visiting teachers also voted resolutions of thanks and apprecia tion to those who contributed to their entertainment while in this city. ART EXHIBIT ATTRACTS GOOD PICTURE LOVERS Kennewick One of Four Cities in State to SeeNotableColle&ion —Literary Club Gives Reception A finer exhibition of pictures than is often seen in a western city has been on display in the gym nasium of the high school this week, Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday. The collection consists of some ninety pictures, paintings in oil, water colors, pastel, etc., loaned by the Chicago Society of Artists, and the St. Louis Artists' Guild, to the National Federation of Women's Clubs, for exhibition in places desiring them. They have been shown in Washington only, in Seattle, Tacoma, and North Yakima, and for the privilege of seeing them here, Kennewick people ate indebted to the art de partment of the Literary Club, which in securing the pictures a&sumed the loan charge of $10, express from Nurth Yakima and any ex penses incidental to the display here. The pictures are for sale and if one is sold in a place, the loan charge is remitted. This exhibit being here during institute week, the Literary Club issued complimentary tickets to visiting teachers, and to those in the Kennewick schools, and on Tuesday evening a reception and entertainment were given in their honor at which time the following program was given to a crowded house; Address of welcome to visiting teachers S. Z. Henderson. High School Chorus. Reading—Martyrdom of Joan of Arc Marcella Gonld. Violin and Clarinet Duet. Miss Burlingame and Mr. Brog. Male Quartette. Messrs VanNorsdall, Groom, Davis, and Chipperfield. Vocal Solo Miss Munday. Piano Solo Mrs. Gifford. At the close of the program, Mrs. J. L. Johnson, president of the Literary Club, made a statement regarding the art exhibit after which the club served grape punch and wafers to those present. The exhibit goes from Kenne wick to Walla Walla, after which it leaves the State, so our people should feel that a really rare op portunity has been theirs. FIRE DESTROYS RANCH HOME The residence occupied by J. C. Hogan southeast of town, was com pletely destroyed by fire Friday noon. Mrs. Hogan was alone when the fire was discovered, but in response to telephone calls, the neighbors gathered to render assist ance. The piano, and a trunk of clothing were gotten out, then all of their efforts were turned toward putting the fire out. They suc ceeded in doing so —as they thought, and went back to their homes. The fire, however, must have been smouldering in some over-looked place, for in a very short time it broke out again and the house was entirely destroyed. A defective flue is supposed to have been the origin of the blaze. The owner of the ranch property is C. W. Leasure, of Pasco. The house was valued at about SI,OOC and was uninsured. KENNEWICK, WASHINGTON, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 29, 1912 FARMERS TO GATHER FROM ALL DISTRICTS IN COUNTY Permanent Organization of Crop Improvement Association Will Be Formed at Meeting in Prosser, Saturday, Dec. 7 What will without doubt prove to be the most important meeting of farmers ever called in Benton coun ty will be held in the court house at Prosser one week from tomorrow, Saturday, Dec. 7. At that time the permanent organization of the Ben ton County Crop Improvement As sociation will be found. The preliminary work of interest ing the farmers in this great move ment has been well done and in nearly every district a substantial proportion of the ranchers have been signed up for membership. In issuing the call for the meeting, Messrs. DeSellem and Crossland, temporary president and secretary, write as follows: "We are receiv ing much encouragement from var ious sources to perfect the organiza tion called the Benton County Crop Improvement Association. We deem it very important that the people in every district should insist that their district be represented at Pros ser Dec. 7, when the district dele gates will meet to form the perma nent organization. If there are others in the various districts who care to attend this meeting they are welcome. The meeting will be cal led to order at the court house at 10 a. m." The following names are the del egates who are requested to rep resent their district: M. E. Carley, Carley; C. S. Bul lard, Luzon; N. W. Jacobson, Patterson; M. F. Headlee, Long view; J. E. Hampton, Hover; H. Thamke, Finley; A. H. Wheaton, Kennewick; A. C. Hart, Kenne wick R. F. D.; E. D. Collins, Ken newick R. F. D.; John Roe, Ken newick Horse Heaven; Alfred Amon, Kennewick Horse Heaven; J. B. Clements, Richland; C. D. Crawford, Benton City; Homer Mc- Bee, Kiona Horse Heaven; H. M. Walthew, Hanford; F. J. Bonn, White Bluffs; E. D. Williamson, Prosser; C. D. Deßow, Prosser R. F. D.; W. S. Hunt, Prosser R. F, D.; Ira Carter, Prosser Horse Hea ven; E. D. Mineah, Prosser Horse Heaven; U. V. Case, Rattlesnake. / j FROM ASSOCIATIONS IN OTHER STATES So many persons are deeply in terested in the progress of the work of organizing the Benton Company Crop Improvement Association and are asking so many questions rela tive thereto, that I beg to make the following public statement: I have written to a number of agricultural advisers who are handling the ques tions that arise in other counties where the work has already been in augurated and have received re plies covering quite a range of de tails some of which are set forth herein. L. S. Crossland Secretary. Duluth, Minn. We have in this club what is known as our agricultural department. Mr. Hostetter has been at its head for. the past five years. We found the great est need in this country was the de velopment of our agricultural resources. We found that the average settler was usually the man who went on the land for the sake of the timber it contained and did not know the first principles of farming. In each separate community each individual grew whatever his fancy dictated. As an illustration, where each settler raised whatever variety of potato they cared to, they discovered it very hard to find a mar ket for that particular variety, or that he did not have enough to ship to a good market without mixing them with those of his neighbor, sending them to market without any sizing or sorting, with the result that there was no market for them in that condition and they probably sold for enough to pay the freight. And the commission man was blamed for having swallowed the product. We have changed these conditions in our county. By experimenting we have found out what is best to raise. We have furnished good seed to the farmer, gotten him to realize the advantage of using good seed, tuight him how to pack for market, how to ship and when to ship. We urge the growers in each locality to raise the same variety of product in order that they may ship their stuff by carloads, securing a bet ter market and better price. We have been instrumental in securing the rais ing of a better grade of stock in the county. We have in some instances gotten the farmers organized to pur chase co-operatively a first class blooded bull and nave gotten them to realize that it does not pay to simply keep boarders in their dairy herds. We have spent in the neighborhood of from $5,000 to $6000 per year in this work and we consider it probably the greatest and best work we have ever undertaken and have secured splendid results. We received $1000 from Mr. Bert Ball, secretary of the of the National Crop Improvement Com mittee, to assist in carrying on this work. We think the idea of having an agricultural expert in each county a splendid one and appreciated the as sistance from Mr. Ball and would be glad to take it oftener if the opportu nity presented itself, H. A. EVA Sec'y Commercial Club. Sedalia (Pettis Co.) Mo. This county took steps without out side help and secured the necessary funds to make sufficient inducement for me to ask for a leave of absence for one year from the University in order that I might give the county plan a trial. I had little doubt as to the outcome of the matter and the results have far exceeded any expectations that I had entertained. We are now co-opera tiitfg with the University and the U. S. De partment of Agriculture in securing their aid in every way that is possible to use. You will, no doubt, be interested in some of the things we have acom plished. There had been great difficulty and practically nothing but failure attend ing all efforts in the county at produc ing alfalfa. From a general survey of the situation we had concluded the sub soil was at fault and an investigation of more than 200 samples of the soil showed that the soil was too acid. As a result limestone for fertilizer is being used ex tensively. Two qaurries of limestone are operating in this county and no doubt within a few months hundreds of tons will be applied to Pettis county soils. A few splendid fields of alfalfa were found but these invariably had been treated with limestone either be fore or after seeding. Last spring ten or twelve fields had been sown with seed containing dodder, yet nine out of ten farmers in Pettis county had no idea what dodder is. They very quickly be came interested when informed of the very bad nature of this parasite. Had I been in the county 60 days sooner than I was I" could have caught this seed and prevented these fields from being in fested with this desperate pest. This part of the county had an enor mous apple crop this year and since it is somewhat unusual we did not have a market established for the fruit. This Bureau began correspondence and in a short time had replies from eleven dif ferent states relative to our fruit crop and practically every bushel of high quality marketable fruit has found an outlet at a very good price. Thousands of bushels however were positively not in marketable condition for the simple reason that the trees and orchards have not been properly cared for. This fac tor will be a part of the campaign that is to follow. In various sections of Missouri for the past few months hog cholera has been raging and our College of Agri culture has had a greater number of calls for help than they ever have had in the past. Another part of the work that we accomplished has been the visiting of nearly all the schools of the county and giving demonstration lectures on the securing and storing of seed corn. When this Bureau began operations last spring a dairy inspection was se cured and a first examination found our dairies in a very bad condition. By or ganization and co-operating with the owners, the State Dairy Inspector's report for July showed Sedalia and vi cinity to stand at the very top of any city in the state. Another part of the work has been the holding of meetings out on the farms where the neighbors gather for all day sessions. The smallest attend ance we had at any one of these was 35 and the largest attendance was 600. Farm methods are examined and dis cussed among the farmers and two lectures are given each day. At the State Fair we asked the farm ers of the county to demonstrate to the public by bringing in exhibits for a large tent that we provided but that no preminms could be offered, but we were doing this as a test of the enterprise of the farmers of Pettis county. This tent was very large but insufficent to take care of the exhibits that were brought. During the five days of the fair lectures were given, one beginning at ten o'clock in the morning and one at two o'clock in the afternoon, in this tent. Every one of these lectures were well attended and great interest shown. Another phase of the work is spend ing four days of the week in visiting individual farms and assisting in plan ning rotations, cropping schemes, etc. The above is only part of the things that this Bureau nas accomplished. Saturday and Monday are office days and invariably they are very busy days S. M. Jordan, Manager. LARGEST LOCAL CIRCULATION STULL & WILLIAMS Another new business partnership was formed this week by D. E. Stull and D. M. Williams who have purchased the tailoring establish ment of W. P. Cryderman. The business was established by Mr. Cryderman about two years ago, since which time he has built up a large trade in made-to-measure gar ments. All who know the new pro prietors believe that the business will thrive under their manage ment. They will enlarge their quarters, engage an expert to look after the altering and repair end of the business and will make a spec ialty of tailoring for ladies. Mr. Cryderman will probably locate in Walla Walla. CHRISTMAS RAZAR The Ladies' Aid of the Presby terian church will hold their an nual bazar and sale of Christmas goods in the Rudkin building next Friday and Saturday, December 6th and 7th. Lunches will be served at noon on both days and a literary j»nd musical prograpfi will be given on Friday gybing, OPEN RIVER COMPANY GETS NO GASH GUARANTEE Delegates from River Towns Say Boats Can be Made to Pay if Properly Managed No cash guarantee against loss will be furnished the Open River Transportation company during 1913, by shippers in any of the cities or towns served by the company's boats. Such was the sentiment ex pressed by representatives of the various districts who gathered at the Commercial Club rooms in this city last Tuesday for a discussion of the company's proposition which was, in effect, an ultimatum that unless they be guaranteed against further operating loss they would, not resume business. Sentiment at the meeting was strongly against the idea of a guar antee. The feeling was that the Portland business men who are pro moting and trying to maintain water traffic on the Columbia and Snake Rivers are deserving the co-opeaation of the shippers throughout this dis trict. The delegates were ox the opinion, however, that the com pany's operating loss is an unnec essary one and could be wiped out if the business were properly solic ited and a more accommodating and elastic method of serving the ship pers were to be made the rule. The opinion was also expressed that if the present company did not care to resume operations next year, other capital could be found to buy the boats and take over the business, and that the new owners would be steamboat men of experi ence who would know how to build up a paying business. DEATH CLAIMS KENNEWICK GIRL Eureka Elizabeth Ely, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. J. N. Ely of this city, died at the home of her sister, Mrs. W. L. Mason, at San Antonio, Texas, on Nov. 18th. For some reason the family were not notified by telegram and it was not until Tuesday of this week that a letter arrived bearing the sad news. Miss Ely came to Kennewick with her parents about six years ago. She taught school for two or three years in the Horse Heaven district afterwards studying for a year at Bellingham state normal school. She took charge of one of the pri mary grades in the local school last fall but was forced to give up her work in February owing to an at tack of appendicitis. She sustained an operation and shortly after left in search of health in the Texas cli mate. Her illness however had de veloped into the dread tuberculosis from which she continued to fail until death gave her rest. Inter ment was made at San Antonio. Deceased was 27 years of age. Besides her parents she leaves two brothers, Everett and Robert, both of Kennewick; and two sisters, Ethel, of this city, and Mrs. Grace Mason, of San Antonio. F. P. Maguire and L. H. Marks re turned Wednesday after a business and pleasure trip of several days to Seattle and other points on the Sound. Forty couples thoroughly enjoyed the dance given Wednesday night by the Tennis Club. The floor and music were fine and the crowd was one of the most congenial which has ever gathered at I Williams' Hall. WHOLE NUMBER 555 WILL DISTRIBUTE FROM KENNEWICK Pacific Power & Light Co. Will Eredl Storehouse from which to Ship over Wide Territory A very substantial acknowledg ment of Kennewick's claims as the logical distributing point for the In land Empire, comes with the an nouncement of the Pacific Power & Light company that the distributing warehouse for their eastern Wash ington, Oregon and Idano terri tory will be erected here. The structure will be erected just east of the company's present build ings and will be 30x90 with loading platforms abutting on spur tracks from the Northern Pacific and the O-W. R. &N. A contract for its erection has been let to A. V. Mc- Reynolds, and the building will be ready for occupancy about the first of the year. The company has been using this points ft distributing center for the past two years anu hav6 large stocks of construction mater ial here which have been reshippgd to other points in their range of de velopment activities, The building of the warehouse, hottevfcf,' means that Kennewick will now become the main general stores headquarters and that hundreds of thousands of dollars' worth of equipment will be sent here from the eastern factories to be stored and distributed out as needed over the various projects owned or controlled by the corpora tion. The territory which will be served by the local warehouse will include all towns between here and North Yakima, the up-river territory as far as Priest Rapids, all towns served by the company in t,he Col umbia River territory as far west as Astoria; Pasco, Walla Walla, Waits burg, Dayton, Huntsville and Pom eroy; Pendletan, Freewater, Milton and Tygh Valley in Oregon, and the Lewiston territory. DEATH OF W. H. AMNETTE W. H. Amnette died at his home about five miles west of Kennewick, on Thursday, Nov. 21, after an ill ness of about five weeks. Death was due to a complication of heart and stomach trouble. Mr. Amnette was fifty-nine years of age and had bSen a resident of this valley about two years, coming here from Spokane. Previous to his residence in that city he had lived for many years in Missouri. Besides his widow he leaves two daughters, Mrs. B. O. Tooke and Miss Jane, both of Kennewick. The funeral was held Friday, Nov. 22, and interment was made in the lo cal cemetery. CARD OF THANKS We wish to express our sincere thanks to our friends and neighbors for the many kindnesses and acts of sympathy extended to us during the sickness and death of our be loved husband and father. Mrs. W. H. Amnette Jane Amnette Mr. and Mrs. B. 0. Tooke BROG-MACINTOSH John A. Brog and Miss Marie Macintosh were married at the home of the bride's parents at North Yakima yesterday evening. They will take a short wedding journey, returning to Kennewick the fore paft of next week to make their home in the residence recently va cated by Dr. J. B. Schlund. Mr. Brog's many friends will be glad to welcome his bride to Ken newick and to extend best wishes to the young people for a long and successful married life. NEW 6ARA6E John A. Penn and W. L. Muncey are partners in a new business en terprise which is to be incorporated under the firm name of the Twin City Auto & Supply Co. A force of carpenters have been at work dur ing the past week converting the old Valley Barn into quarters for the new company. Mr. Penn announces that in ad dition to carrying a full line of auto supplies and repair equipment the firm will handle the local agencies for four lines of cars. The present quarters are said to be only temp orary and that a modern fireproof garage will be constructed during the coming spring.