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The Leavenworth echo. (Leavenworth, Wash.) 1904-current, January 03, 1908, Image 8

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87093039/1908-01-03/ed-1/seq-8/

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Sixteen Big Battleships Which Will Steam Fifteen Thou
sand Miles to San Francisco —Santa Claus Will Come
Aboard at Trinidad—Magdalena Bay Target Practice
ATS off! The
fleet is passing
by. More than
half way
around t In'
earth In Balling
distance— about
15,000 mile:'
tci reach a point
."..nun in I lei
away by land.
the most mag
nificent, the
most Formida
ble, the most ef
fective of naval
fleets sets sail
from Hampton
Roads, Vir
ginia, for San
From the At
lantic to the
Pacific, from
the east to the
west by way of
Hie south.down
the Atlantic
Coast, around
i.orisiANA. cape Horn,
through Magellan strait and Dp the Pu
elflc coast, these ships of war will plow
their way through nearly 14,000 nau
tical knots of brine. From mid-Decem
ber nniii mid-April the whole world
will watch the progress of the sixteen
might; American battleships and their
attendant lesser war vessels. Every
nation on the map of the globe will
take a Ueen official interest in tho news
of the cruise. Intelligent citizens In
every clime will follow the dispatches
chronicling the onward career of the
splendid squadrons. It is an impor
tant piece of world news.
lii tiio United states naturally the
cruise of this great fleet from the At
lantic to the Pacific will be of the high
est interest to the average person. For
six months we have been talking about
this proposed movement of warships.
For six month* Dncla Bam has been
making preparations for (lie voyage.
Some citizens hare acquiesced with eu
thtlEloam in tin 1 piaiis of tin- navy de
partmont. Others have objected to the
cruise mi various grounds. Some have
looked upon it as a valuable "demon
stration" in view of possible Japanese
hoßtlli-lea. Others have commended
the plan merely as a matter of exer
cising inn- ships and seamen, just to
show what they can do when they try.
Still others have hinted that it Is no
body's business outside of America
what we do with our own naval equip
ment so long as we keep the peace.
Opponents of the cruise have held that
It is a needless waste of money, while
!l few of them seem to regard the
movement as something akin to the
■Baking of a red rag in the face of a
Very probably those wiio hold that
It is nobody's business but Uncle
Sam's are close to the mark. The
United Slates lias two long coast lines
to defend, separated by 8,000 miles of
laud. Until the acquisition of Hawaii,
Guam anil the Philippine! our Pacific j
const was relatively unimportant In a
naval sense. United States ownership
of those Islands Increased the Impor
tance of Pacific toast naval patrol.
Japan's growing military and naval
prowess further enhanced tills Unpor
tance. We have no desire to fight
England or France, yet we keep the
Atlantic coast constantly guarded by
powerful fleets. The movement of a
great fleet to Pacific waters Is but a
natural consequence of Changed condi
tions. Secretary of the Navy Metealf
remarked some months ago when this
movement was under consideration
Hint It had "practically no significance
from a military standpoint." At that
time there was some little friction with
Japan on account of incidents In San
Francisco. That matter was settled
amicably, and now the big fleet goes
forward with such significance as In
dustrial and commercial conditions
may give It.
Under the command of Hear Admiral
Robley I). Evans this grandest assem
bly of American ships that ever plow
ed the seas Is going around the tip
end of South America and up through
the blue brine of the Pacific to resusci
tated and rejuvenated San Francisco.
The sixteen battleships which, with
the necessary colliers, supply ships, re
pair ships and other auxiliaries to an
extended cruise, constitute this fleet
are as follows:
Tonnage. Guns. Speed.
Connecticut 17,000 24 18
Louisiana 17.U00 24 18
Minnesota 17,050 24 18
Vermont 17,650 21 18
Kansas 17,050 24 18
Virginia 15,320 24 19
Georgia 15.320 24 19
New Jersey 15,320 24 19
Rhode Island 15,320 24 19
Maine 13.500 3) IS
Missouri 13.500 20 18
Ohio 13,500 20 IS
Alabama 11,505 18 17
Illinois 11.605 18 17
Kearsarge 11.540 22 10
Kentucky 11.540 22 16
[Guns of secondary battery not given.]
According to the itinerary mapped
out, the ships must travel 13.722 knots
to reach San Francisco bay. This la
equivalent to more than 10,000 miles.
The naval authorities figure that 115
days will elapse between the time of
starting and the time of arrival at des
tination, but that only sixty-three days
will lie devoted to actual sailing. The
rest of the time will be spent in port
en route and at target practice. It Is
the intention of the navy department
to give the crews much practice at the
big and little guns under the best con
ditions possible. There will be five
stops on the long trip, where the ships
will anchor and many members of the
crews will enjoy shore leave.
From Hampton Itoads to Trinidad,
the first port where the fleet will pause,
the distance Is 1,780 knuts. The sailors
will spend Christmas at Trinidad, leav
ing there about three days afterward
for Hlo de Janeiro, 2,000 knots dis
tant. About Jau. 10 the ships will an
chor in the harbor of the Brazilian me
tropolis, remaining a week. I'untu
Arenas, in the strait of Magellan, Is
2,230 knots farther along. The fleet
will spend the closing week of January
In that port. Callao, the next stopping
point, is 2,850 knots away. According
\ to the schedule mapped out, the fleet
should reach Callao on Feb. 18. Six
days' respite from cruising will lie had
lv that harbor; then comes a stretch of
3,012 knots to Magdalena bay, on the
west coast of Lower California, which
i Is a peninsula belonging to the republic
of Mexico. At Magdalena bay a con
siderable period will lie spent In gun
' practice. The Mexican government
has granted the United States the priv
ilege of using this fine bay, an ocean
Inlet forty miles long and protected
with reefs of sands, so that the water is
| always placid, as a coaling and prac-
I tk*e station for a period of three years.
From Magdalenu bay to Snn Fiancls
j co bay, where the ships will drop an
chor nt the end of their voyage, the
! distance is about 1,000 knots. It Is be-
I lleved that, barring accidents and oth-
I er untoward circumstances, the ships
will ride triumphantly through tbtl
Golden Gate and anchor In the bay on
April 10.
While the disposition of the fleet aft
er arrival In San Francisco bay la not
.'letlnitely Indicated, It Is safe to as
sume thnt the bis; battleships will do
more or less cruising up and down the
Pacific coast. It is quite probable that
considerable time will be spent In the
Puget sound harbors, such as those at
3eattle and Taioma. It may be that a
"fultfe to Honolulu will be Included.
(She %cax>enwortb Ecfoo
Bob" and His Mdg
Three Rear Admirals. Sixteen Captains and Fifteen Thou
sand Men Who Man the Ships For the Pacific—Robley D.
Evans, the Picturesque Veteran Who Commands the Fleet
N round num
bers 16,000 man,
let us say one
man for even
mile of the dis
tance to bs
made, go with
It c a r Admiral
"Fighting Bob"
Evans In his
Beet of war ves
sels from the
Atlantic to the
Pacific. These
are most I y
n a v a l officers
and se a me n ,
with a sprin
kling Of Iniied
Slates marines.
They are in the
aggregate the
physical flower
Ihe lnifjf anil
hefty bouquet
of iiui American
BJLU) ADMIKAI. Imvy AMil , tta
OBABXJH M. THOMAS. nol hand , ng
them any bouquets undeserved to say
that they constitute the Quest and lit
test lighting force that ever trod the
decks of steel war monsters,
Hoiiley i>. Evans, the commander In
chief of the fleet 's perhaps the bent
known man in the navy. From his
flagship, the splendid battleship Con
necticut, he will direct the movements
of the sixteen gVeat battleships anil
the other vessels. He has been forty
seven years in the navy, counting 1 rum
the (lute of his entrance in the Naval
academy. He began his career as an
active tighter in the latter part of the
civil war. In the assault upon Foil
Fisher the young ensign received
wounds which gave him a permanent
limp and caused him to be retired from
the navy for disability. 1 tut Evans
made a stubborn fight for reinstate
ment, in which he was the winner. Thus
was saved to the navy an oilker who
for a generation past lias lieon its must
picturesque character and one of its
tililest men.
Hear Admiral Kvans is now near the
age of retirement for naval officers, n
is sai<l that lie is highly pleased with
his assignment to c niand the fleet
on the cruise to the Pacific, thus round-
Ing out his tons career with a service
of unusual distinction, wbleb will be
mi Important Incident in naval history.
Vdnilral Kvans ban seen much lea
Ice, hi> experience In handling
large Beets making bin available for
commander of this expedition, in s]
of bis sixty-one years be is still a
vigorous, active man. The policy of
the president and the navy department
In preferring younger men for the main
commands lias not eliminated "Fight-
Ing Bob," who is said to possess the
gplrli of a young man of forty.
In Admiral Evans' fleet are several
subordinate commanders who have
mode distinguished records men of In-1
terestlng personality aside from their
performances. Rear Admiral William
11. Emory, commander of the division
of the fleet which Includes the great
battleships Georgia, Virginia, NewJer
and Rhode Island, with the (ieor
as his flagship, is distinguished in
the navj for his bravery, his dlploma
jcy and his dress. When he was a
young officer be married a wealthy
young woman. For years the Emorys
lived in the finest bouse In Washington
and were known as must lavish enter
tainers. William 11. Emory, when not
In uniform, was gorgeously gnrbed. It
was said al one time that be changed
his trousers every hour In the day.
The Into Admiral Worden remarked,
'■iSmory i> not so much of n dude as
he ion!.-." In fad. this officer always j
commanded the respect of ins in-otner
officers ami the men under him.
A tew veara ago Emory severely cen-
Mirv<i a seaman, who remarked inter
tii.il it was only the officer's uniform
I Unit protected him from m licking.
Emory Immediately doffed bis uniform,
dressed himself in one of his gorgeous
citizen suits, f^iil ;i shore leave I'm' the
enlisted man. met him up an alley ami
administered the licking himself, though
(In 1 other man was the bigger. Then
In' helped the defeated man buck to
j Hie ship and srni him to the hospital
I ward.
Rear Admiral Cbarlei M. Thomas,
n i Bands a division of the l'u
clflc bound (!<><■( consisting of the bat
|]cshi|i Minnesota, Bagiblp, and the
battleships Ohio, Maine and Missouri,
entered the Naval academy only two
months hue:' than Robley I>. Evans.
Admiral Thomas has bad very large
experience us an educator and trainer
vi seamen. For years be \v:is senior
Instructor In ordnance and was in
charge of the. Infantry battalion of
cadets at the Naval academy.
Captain Richard Walnwrlght, com
manding the battleship Louisiana, is
one of the notable beroes of the Span
ish American war. At the naval bai
iir of .s'niiiia^o he was in command of
tin' torpedo boal destroyer Gloucester,
;i converted yacht. Be da abed Into the
thickest or in,- ii-ht anil destroyed the
Spanish torpedo boats Furor and I'lu
tou. Later he captured without assist
once the Porto Mean harbor <<( Qua
nlca for use as a landing place for the
army "i' General Mites. The secretary
of the navy in presenting Walnwrlght
a sword from the people of his native
section said: "There is a roll or bonor,
Commander Walnwrlght, which is
known as that of the bravest of the
brave, on thai Imperishable roll your
name has been written by your coun
The commander of the battleship' Vi
rginia. Captain Beaton Bcbroede?, has
distinguished himself not only as a
naval officer In sea service, bat in civil
life as governor Of the island of Guam
for two and n halt" years. Governor
Bchroeder established a school system
mi the island ami in other ways helped
to Americanize Guam. lie is also an
author, having written a work en
tit'.'.l "Pall of Maximilian'! Empire"
and several notable DMJpu'lM articles.
PThe;:fleet%;:- he & Pacific&
Rear Admiral Evans Can Call Up I ich of His Sixteen Bat
tleships by Wireless Telephone —.-' $600,000 Coal Bill For
Uncle Sam—When the Oregon R; ihed Around Cape Horn
• m m *T. IHE winter cruise
/>"1 W""*>sS. from the A"c'"
4r v ■' v tfc to the Tacit
'^v lc of the great
a? fleet of sixteen
/(? \ battleships nu«l
!t battleship* auil
/ v/vV their attendant
' j. vessels will "eat
up" approxl
mately $600,000
worth of coal.
This will be lice
biggest item of
expense incident
to the cruise.
The 15,000 men
on hoard the
ships will eat no
mure than they
do on other
duty unless it
should happen
that the south-
CAT MASCOT HAI.rTIN.:. em sl|(| , |M
enhance their appetites. The food sup
ply bill, therefore, will not be appreci
ably larger than It would be were the
ships lying in port or exercising up and
down the Atlantic coast. Another con
siderable Item Of expense will lie that
of pilotage. The Meet must pass through
the strait of Magellan, a difficult feat
and will put Into five strange harbors
on the voyage. For safe and sane
conduct through the strait and in and
out of harbors experienced local pilots
must lie hired.
As to the coal bill, this item will be
much smaller under the conditions Im
pose:! upon tin 1 praise than it would
lie If the fleet were taken around to
San Francisco on rush orders. The
ships will proceed at a leisurely gait
for the most part it is understood
that a uniform speed of twelve miles
an hour or less will lie adhered to,
though the battleships are capable of
from eighteen to twenty-two miles on
occasion. When the battleship Oregon
came around the Hern mi her famous
trip to get Into the Santiago liKbt of
10C8 she made only about an average
of nine knots an hour, actual soiling
time, owing to the necessity of keeping
in touch with her colliers, which were
nautical slowpokes.
In this ci-iiise Admiral Evans' ships
will lie accompanied by coaling vessels
carrying supplies of fuel In excess of
that stored in the bunkers of the bat
tleships themselves. The colliers will
load up with coal as needed from time
to time at the several ports where stops
will be made. Supply ships also ac
company tlie licet, cargoed with canned
meats and other foods. Fresh supplies
oj provisions will lie obtained at the
Stopping places. The selection and
purchase of these supplies will test the
skill of Uncle Sam's naval commissary
officers. It will be a new experience
iii; tlteui to provide the mess for such
i i.i.-L.e force of bangr; scan.en. large
lj fi'oai markets with which they are
Another new experience which the
ifflcers must undergo is that of keep
lug lli< Ir Official eyes upon the jolly
Jack tars while the ships lie in Botttb
American harbors. Kxlei.dcil slops
will Ie made at Trinidad, Rio de Ja
neiro, Punts Arenas. Cullao an. l M.r,'
dalean ba*\ At ume of thete \
heretofore have Uncle Sam's pennies
- the ! null •■■ of more t!i in ECO Ok-er
' ]•■ as!,ore. With nea.l.v I • i
'Jinea that number of men t < Uu
of the::] p ty lively sp • i:::.■:'.:■ n
,uii.\. ii nia; be taken t>r gn i d ;
I t ml the press of the Doited States will
| L'uim from time to tin Borne Interest-
Ing stories of shore leave pranks. The
co:umau<iers 01 the ships do doubt will
fintl \i necessary to employ their pow
ers of discipline and diplomacy to the
Utmost la order to keep Jack from bub
bling over with enthusiasm when be
joes ashore In considerable groups to
I i ,■! 11l lund legal
While at sea Jack will have plenty
■jf business to occupy his attention,
though it is by no means all work and
no play hoard ship. The men of each
vessel Lave mascots with which to
nmiiFe themselves In off moments. Sev
.•ral goats, cats, parrots, monkeys and
dogs will make the cruise around the
Horn, cure of regular meals and abun
dant cttectlon from their admirers, oiu
cer as well as enlisted men.
While the ships are at sea it ought to
be a comparatively easy matter for Ad
miral Evnns to handle his forces, for
on this cruise, for the first time In the
hlptory of the world, the wireless tele
phone will lie used for communication
between the ships of a great naval
fleet. Every tuttleshlp lias been fitted
with wlivless telephone devices, a won
derful invention but recently perfected.
From his station l:i the emergency
cabin of the flnsrhlp Connecticut an
oUleer Eorvlnjj as the fleet's "hello
hoy," so to speak, will he able to call
iip at will the officers of any other
ship, oven though ten miles of brine
and wireless distance may intervene.
By the wireless phone messages by
word of moUjtfl may be sent from ship
to ship with the accuracy and ease of
wired telephone messages from room
to room in a modern hotel.
The value of such a system under
the circumstances is self evident. Here
tofore intersliip si.s,..iling has been
done by means of Hags or by "wigwag
ging." Frequently it happens that
dense fogs obscure these signals, so
that ships almost touching sides are
unable to communicate with each oth
er. With the wireless phone a fog
won't matter. The fine fleet, in two
Bquadrons, each squadron comprising
two divisions of four battleships each,
may lie manipulated by vocal orders
at will. It is said by the naval wire
less expert who investigated and re
ported upon the new wireless tele
phone that even in battle it will be
possible to talk between ships. Other
nations will be deeply interested in
this wireless phone test.
i:;n li of these sixteen battleships Is
thoroughly modern and up to date In
every particular. All save two have
been built since the war with Spain.
They have been almost continuously
lv commission since their launching
mid have been overhauled and put in
shipshape for this particular cruise
with a view to the utmost efficiency.
With an aggregate displacement of
more than 223,000 tons and with more
than 800 suns of four Inch caliber and
above, the fleet is the most powerful
and formidable ever assembled by
Uncle Sam. In the manner of arma
ment only two of the battleships, the
Kentucky and the Kearsarge, differ
from the general pattern of recent
lighting ships of the first class. These
ships carry luperlmpand turrets, guns
being operated in two stories, a small
er turret resting upon the larger one.
Each turret holds two guns.
Three rear admirals accompany the
fleet to the Pacific. First in impor
tnnce is the commander in chief, Hob-
Icy It. Evans, senior rear admiral In
the nuvy and the highest ranking offi
cer in actual sea service, Adniinil
Hcwcy being iiis only superior. Bear
Admiral* William 11. Emory and
Cbarlei M. Tboinai command divisions
<>f tlit? fleet The captains of the six
teen battleships us assigned for thin
cruise are;
Connecticut (flagship of Admiral
Evans), Hugo Osterhans; Louisiana,
Richard Wain Wright; Kansas, Charles
E. Vreeland; Vermont, William 1' Pot
ter; Georgia (flagship of Admiral Em-
Dry), Henry McCrea; Virginia. Beaton
Kchroeder; Now Jersey, W. H. 11.
Southerland; Shade Island, Joseph B.
burdock; Minnesota (tlngshlp of Ad
miral Thomas), John Elubbard; Ohio,
Lewis C. Ilellnei : Maine. Giles B. Har
|jur; -Missouri, fiivenllef a. Uerrlam;
Ala'jnma, Ten Eycli D. W. Veederj
[Illaola, .1. ii. Bonyer; Ke-rsarge. 11.
lutchlos; Kentucky, w. c Cowies.

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