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The Leavenworth echo. (Leavenworth, Wash.) 1904-current, January 17, 1913, Image 1

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At the head of the famous Wenatchee Valley, "The home of the Big Red Apple." The higher up Ihe valley you go, the Bigger and Redder the apples grow
Vol. 10. No. 2
The Fall of Snow This Winter Has Ex
ceeded All Records in the His
tory of the Road
Company's Officials Favorable to Long
Tunnel—Present Route Would
be Shortened 25 Miles
Never before, or since the Great
Northern put their road through to the
coast, some twenty years ago, have
they experienced as much trouble in
the Cascade mountains as they have
this winter. The fall of snow has been
heavier than in previous years, and in
(act nearly everything that could hap
pen, that would make life miserable
for railroad officials has happened in
the past three weeks. First it was
snow slides, then more snow slides,
which were followed by the blowing up
of a rotary, snuffing out the lives of
three men, and then came the caving
in of about 400 feet of snow sheds,
the least thought of thing that might
occur. However, it proved to be the
wooden sheds erected years ago. The
concrete sheds built two years ago re
sisted the heavy avalanches of snow in
a most satisfactory manner, showing no
weakness when the slides passed over.
Los« of lilfe Tbu« Far Is Bight Men
While the loss of life thus far has
been eight men, three of whom died
from injuries received from the blowing
up of the rotary, and six buried in the
slide of about' ten days ago, it is not
unlikely that this list will increase be
fore the winter is over. Had condi
tions existed this year as they did in
1910, at the time of the Wellington
slide, before the erection of the con
crete snow sheds, there would in all
likelihood have been a repetition of
the same occurence, and a train load
of human freight swept down the
mountain side.
In spite of the best efforts of gangs
of Japanese and a half dozen or more
of snow plows the company's officials
have been unable to keep the track
open any length of time for the past
three weeks and railroad men say that
the real trouble has only begun. Snow
continues to fall almost every night at
the'tunnel and at present there is over
twenty feet on the level. Unlike the
lower regions where hardly a breath of
air stirs during the winter months, the
wind blows a gale at the summit. One
spot in particular near Tye, known as
Windy Point, the high winds have fre
quently in the past two weeks caused
the railroad workers to abandon their
work and seek shelter. The snow has
already reached such a depth that it is
next to impossible for the rotaries to
throw it far enough that it will not roll
back onto the track.
Danerra Many In VlelnllT of Tunnel
The gangs of Japanese and Italians
who have been employed in the vi
cinity of the tunnel are very reluctant
to work in places where there is dan
ger of slides, and for this reason the
work is progressing much slower than
it would under ordinary circumstances.
It does not take much of an imag
inative mind to picture the hardships
being endured and the chances that
are taken by engineers, firemen and
others in this perilous locality and it is
not an unusual sight, when the report
of an accident comes down from the
tunnel, where some railroad man has
been killed or maimed to see an anx
ious mother or wife waiting at the
telegraph office to see whether it was
her husband or son who was the un
fortunate one. Those called out to
pull the shrottle or shovel the coal are
fully aware of the dangers connected
with their hazardous occupation, but
thus far, few have failed to respond to
the cry lor help when the call book
TLhe Xeavenwoctb )£cbc
was shoved into their hands. Carl
Gray, president o! the Great Northern,
W. D. Scott, general manager and
other high officials of the company
who spent a week at the scene of the
trouble spoke very highly of the wcik
being done by the men at that point,
and in other ways showed their ap
preciation of their services. Mr. Scott
contracted a severe case of pneumonia
during the week he spent at the tunnel
and passed thru here Monday on his
way to Spokane to consult physicians.
Later reports are that he is recovering.
Talk ot Proposed Loot Tunnel
While it is a little early to make
predictions it is known that the Great
Northern officials are giving much
thought at present to the proposed
long tunnel thru the Cascade range.
They realize that it is the only way to
eliminate the snow trouble and in or
der to compete with other transcon
tinental roads who are favored with
better road ways it is believed that the
tunnel will be the solution of the
Several tunnels have been spoken
of, but according to a statement given
out by engineers about a year ago
who made a study of the project the
one likely to be adopted would com
mence about a mile up the canyon
from this city and come out near Sky
komish. The length is 32.25 miles
the maximum elevation 1175 feet, the
the tunnel gradient 0.2 per cent, as
cending westward for a mile beyond
Leavenworth and 0.15 per cent de
scending the rest of the way. The
distance is 25 miles shorter than by
the present route. The tunnel, if
built, will be doubie tracked, and is
estimated to cost $200 per lineal foot
or $1,056,000 per mile. It is also
planned to run a track up the Icicle
valley to strike the tunnel in about the
middle and sink a shaft in order to
work toward both ends. The cost of
this work is estimated to be $29,430,
--000 which will bring the total cost of
the tunnel up to $63,486,000. In
addition to this the engineers say that
the tunnel would have to be electrified
which would bring the cost up to
The very mention of this figure will
cause the project to be scouted and
ridiculed by some people, but it is
actually believed that work on this
great undertaking, which will rank as
the second greatest in the world will
begin inside of the next ten years.
Police Force Makes 341 Arrests Dur
ing the Year—Fines Collected
Amount to $1,059.20
That the office of Police Magistrate
has been a profitable one for the city
of Leavenworth during the year of
1912 just passed, is shown in the fol
lowing report given to an Echo repre
sentative this week.
The fines and costs collected
amounted to $1059.20 and in addition
to this there was secured 108 1:\i days
work on the streets by prisoners who
were unable to pay their fines, for this
work the prisoners are allowed $2 a
day on their fines, which amounted to
12174.50. On several instances the
past year the convicts were turned over
to contractors employed on city jobs
for which the city received $2 for ev
ery day of their sentence. The total
disbursements for the year was
$1180.30, of which amount, $372.55
was expended for meal tickets. The
above amount being subtracted from
$3233.70, the total assets, leaves the
city a credit of $2,053.40.
Of the 341 arrests made those
charged with being drunk and disor
derly numbered, 214; disorderly con
duct, 23; vagrancy, 68; fighting, 12;
assault, 9; misdemeanors, 3; indecent
exposure, 1; fast riding, 2; disturbing
the peace, 2; dismissed, 7.
Thus far this year the arrests have
been few and the city officials are look
ing for a quiet year.
Let the Echo print your next job.
Leavenworth, Wash., Friday, January 17, 1913
Will Offer Mr. Peters $250 Damages
for Crossing His Lands in
Cascade Orchards
Aside from considerable discussion
on the water system, paying and street
lighting contract little important busi
ness was transacted at the meeting on
Tuesday evening.
An estimate on the city water sys
tem amounting to $9261.13 was pre
sented by City Engineer Cook and the
clerk ordered to draw a warrant in
favor of the contractors, Seaman &
Quigg for the same.
The assessment roll for the paving
was taken up and approved. The or
dinance for this improvement, known
as Improvement District No. 1, was
also read for the first time. Dr. Judah,
the recently elected health officer, was
sworn in and agreed to fill the duties
of his office to the best of his ability.
Pat Sherbourne, of Wenatchee, was
present and put in an application for
the position of water commissioner,
bnt the council was of the opinion that
they could find a man in this city to
take care of the duties and his appli
cation was laid on the table.
In regard to the right of way through
the Peters tract in the Cascade Or
chards it was decided to offer Mr.
Peters $250, believing that $400, the
amount he asked for was outrageous.
Just what the outcome of this matter
will be it is hard to say, but it will
probably result in a law suit, which
will amount to more than $400 by the
time it is settled.
The lighting contract with the Turn
water Light & Water Co. was dis
cussed and it was decided to lay this
matter over until the next meeting,
January 20. There being no other
business pending council adjourned.
Would Profit Leavenworth Business Men
to Contribute Toward Keeping
Highway Open
George Sinclair, a prominent orchard
ist of the Peshastin Valley, was here
yesterday, and talking about keeping
the southside road open, he said the
ranchers living along the road had
cleaned the snow out of the rock cut
so as to make it possible, but that the
recent heavy snow fall had again com
pletely blocked the road so that those
coming to Leavenworth from the vicin
ity of Peshastin were compelled to go
over the hill which made the road
longer and the pull too heavy for a load.
It is to the interest of the business men
of Leavenworth to at least bear their
share of the cost of keeping this im
portant road open. Those familiar
with the conditions know that it is sub
ject to being closed by slides after
every heavy snow fall. Two weeks
ago, Mr. Sinclair said, about twenty
five ranchers got together and in two
hours cleared the road so as to make
it passible. What's the matter with
Leavenworth getting together and
sending men down to clean it out.
Timber Cruisers Go to Lake Wenatchee
Ben Peck of Olympia, Pete Zimmer
man of Everett, state timber cruisers
arrived here last Saturday and left
Tuesday for the Lake Wenatchee
country where they will spend several
weeks cruising and estimating about
5000 acres of state lands in that vicin
ity. They will be located at the foot
of the Lake in one of the Forestry
department camps. On account of the
deep snow in that section it is a hard
matter to say when we will finish the
work says Mr. Peck, but I believe it
will take a month any way. The trip
from here to the Lake was made on
the stage line after which the cruisers
will don snow shoes to make their way
thru the mountains.
Get Butter Wrappers at Echo oftce.
! More than $10,000,000 Has Been Spent
on Roads and Bridges in the State
During the Last Two Years
In the past eight years since the
office of the Highway Board was com
pleted, which is composed of the
Governor, State Auditor, State Treasur
er, State Highway Commissioner and a
member of the Public Service Commis
sion, about 200 miles of state roads
have been built at a cost of S 1,000,
--000. The state has also aided the
counties in building 145.76 miles of
State Aid Roads at a cost of $1,136,
--198.59 and is now engaged in super
visory work in all but five of the thirty
nine counties of the state. For this
latter purpose, and to complete existing
contracts under State Aid, $1,230,000
for the current biennium and with few
exceptions the counties will use the
entire fund to their credit. There
have been 169 miles either partially or
entirely built under this law, the char
acter and cost ranging from light grad
ing at a cost of $1,500 per mile to the
better roads with heavier grading and
with concrete bridges, costing $10,
--000 a mile and paving an additional
$10,000 to $15,000 a mile.
The value of good roads to the
State of Washington will be better un
derstood when it is known that the
56,000 farms of Washington yield 5,
--000 tons of produce annually, which
is hauled over the roads an average of
eight miles from farm to shipping
point. It is estimated that at least 86,
--000,000 a year may be saved in tians
portation on farm products by better
roads in Washington.
One-thud the taxes collected in the
state outside incorporated towns is
spent upon roads. Hence, the need
for intelligent treatment of the Road
The permanent highway law (chap.
35, Laws 1911), is proving satisfactory
in securing more permanent roads in
the place of temporary construction.
The one mill levy under the law
yields about $1,000,000 a year, and
this assures at least one, hundred miles
of permanent highway each year.
In Chelan county there is a total of
634.1 miles of improved and unim
proved roads, of which amount 6.8
have been earth improved. Figures
from the state highway commissioners'
report show that 2.2 miles have been
improved by gravelling, 0.1 has been
corduroyed and the remaining 3.5 ma
cadamized. The longest stretch of
improved road in the county is that
between Leavenworth and Feshastin.
The amount expended by Chelan
county from the permanent highway
fund, for work done in accordance with
chapter 35, laws of 1911, from April
Ist, 1911, to September 30th, 1912,
was $8,333.97.
Among the recommendations offered
to the highway board by Commissioner
Roberts, he states that at least one
east and west trunk road is a necessity
for the welfare of the state.
"Four such roads have been estab
lished by the legislature, and addition
al ones proposed. One should be
constructed and opened before 1915,
the year fixed for the opening of the
Panama Canal and its celebration at
San Francisco. Considered from the
standpoint of the greatest good to the
greatest number, and giving regard to
the time within which such a road may
be opened, I recommend that portion
of State road No. 7 between Easton,
Kittius county, and North Bend,
King county, be constructed. The
distance requiring construction is about
thirty miles, and the estimated cost
$350,000 to $450,000, depending on
width graded and surfacing adopted."
On all trunk roads the roadway
should be not less than 24 feet wide
On the branch roads the width could
be reduced but should never be less
than 10 feet. When the roadway is
less than 16 feet wide, turnout should
be built every 500 feet.
I believe that 5 per cent of all mon
eys hereafter appropriated for the con-1
struction of roads should be set aside j
and made available for maintenance.
Mr. Roberts also urges that the
i maintenance fund for roads should be
derived partly from automobile li
censes, since the owners of automo
biles derive great benefits from trunk
highways maintained in good order.
The present license fee of $2.00 per
year is paid into the general fund.
He recommends that the license fee
be increased and made proportionate
Ito the horse power and weight of the
| car —say 25c per horse power per an
num, and that the receipts be credited
to the State Highway Fund for use in
maintainining state roads and perma
nent highways. There are 12,750 li
censed automobiles in the State, and
it is estimated that at 25c per horse
power the revenue would amount to
nearly $100,000 annually. At $140.00
per mile this would patrol and keep in
repair about 700 miles.
Matter Under Consideration By Leaven
worth People—Formation of Com
pany Probable
The need of more hotel accommo
dations for this town was most forcibly
brought to the attention of several
business men the past few weekswhen
men arriving on night trains could not
find sleeping places. The need of a
modern, well equipped hotel of not
less than sixty rooms was discussed by
a little knot of business men one day
this week and the belief concurred in
that such a place would pay a hand
some profit on the investment. The
probabilities are that a company will
be formed and all the business men
asked to take stock in it. Just now
the question is who would take the
management of the hotel. All realized
that it is highly important to get a
good hotel man to take charge, one
who has had experience and the means
to furnish it. While it is perhaps too
soon to announce that Leavenworth
will have a first-class hotel before an
other summer is over, the probabilities
are very favorable.
Arrived Here Yesterday Evening in Piti
able Condition—Say five Com
rades Buried in Slide
A special train arrived here yester
day evening about 7 o'clock from Cas
cade with a hundred or more men
who had been employed by the raih
road company shoveling snow and try
ing to keep the road open to traffic
since the trouble began about three
weeks ago. The men, who are Aus
trians, Italians, Greeks and a sprink
ling of native Americans complain
that they were only receiving 20 cents
per hour and were worked from twelve
to fifteen hours per day but thought
they were going to get paid for all
ovsr ten hours at the same rate of pay,
but yesterday learned that the com
pany did not intend to pay them but
$2.00 per day without regard to the
hours worked. They also complain
that feed was poor and that they rarely
got over two meals per day and some
times only one meal, and that there
were no sleeping accoraraodatons at
all, that the men were compelled to
sleep on floors, without bedding. One
day they were so near starving from
being underfed that they broke into a
storage car and helped themselves.
They also charge that five of their
comrades are buried under slides and
that the company would not permit
them to dig their dead comrades out
unless they did it at their own ex
pense. At the time they left the tun
nel coming this w»y about fifty men
left for the west. The men here are
in desperate condition, having neither
money, food or sufficient clothing and
can not get a settlement from the
company. One of the men buried
under the slide, an Austrian, is known
to have had over $800 in > money in a
$1.50 Per Year
E. 11. Rnthert. Manager of W. S. &
I. Co. Goes East This Week to
Close Negotiations
Eastern Co. and Denver Concern Owned
By Washington Steel & Iron Co.
Will Turn out Sted in Spring
E. H. Rothert, the largest stock
holder, also manager of the Washington
Steel and Iron Company of this city,
an enterprise which in the next few
years will prove one of the biggest fac
tors in the growth and upbuilding of
Leavenworth will leave this week for
Superior, Wisconsin, to sign papers
and close negotiatiations for another
steel plant similar to the one here, to
be located in that city. For several
months Mr. Rothert has been receiving
letters from eastern capitalists, who
have heard of his process of converting
titaniferous magnetite iron ore into
high grade tool steel, and owing to the
large deposit of ore near Superior it was
decided, says Mr. Rothert, to build a
plant in that city. J. L. Torkelson,
one of the directors of the company
has spent the r>ast two months in the
east making arrangements for the lo
cation of a plant in Superier and it
is in response to his telegram that
Mr. Rothert will go east to close the
Three fo'i Owned by Steel Plant
Mr. Rothert states that the plant to
be erected at Superior will be twice
to three times as large as the one here,
and it is planned to start construction
work by the first of March and have it
in operation by the first of November.
This will be the third subsidiary
company of the Washington Steel &
Iron Co., there will be one under
construction at Denver, Colorado, this
spring. In the past few months Mr.
Rothert has been besieged with let
ters from different parts ol the coun
try wanting him to establish a plant
in their section, but he says no
other companies will be established
for the present. Recently he re
ceived letters from English capital
ists, who have investigated his pro
cess, wanting to finance a company to
be located in Canada near a large
body of magnetite iron ore, but this
proposition like numerous others will
receive no consideration at present.
In a year or so, or after the plants now
under construction are in operation it
is the intention of the company to
build plants in various localities thruout
the United States where large depos
its of this character of ore is located.
Urealeaf I»l«co»ery of Age, uri Prof.
In speaking of Mr. Rothert's pro
cess which has already become world
famous, J. A. Merrill, state geologist
and professor of geology in the state
Normal school of Wisconsin says he
regards the discovery as the "greatest
improvement in the iron industry in
the past century." He is taking a
great interest in the plant to be lo
cated in his state and predicts that
the new process will revolutionize the
steel industry.
Mr. Rothert also informed an Echo
reporter that regardless of the number
of plants erected in the future, the
home company of the Washington
Steel & Iron Co., located in this city
would hold 51% of the stock of all
other companies and that the stock
holders would share in the dividends
of all subsidiary organizations. The
amount of interest being taken in Mr.
Rotherts process by capitalists thruout
the country, and the hundreds of com
plimentary reports by chemists and
others who have made a study of the
new method of converting magnetite
iron ore into high grade steel, no
longer leaves any doubt as to the out
' Continued on Pace Tirol

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