Newspaper Page Text
VOLUME 21--NO. 50.
DRIVER'S NAME MUST BE POSTED Olympia. — Hereafter stage lines in this state must post the name of the driver of each car in some conspicu ous place in the stage where passen gers can see it. There has hern too much evasion of responsibility when patrons lodge lints, the Department of Public Works contends. Stage operators arc declared to suffer a lapse of mem ory when passengers complain of dis courtesy on the part of a driver wl n took out a car at a given time an.! frequently the Department has bee-, unable to discipline drivers against whom chareres have heen made. So that there may be no doubt in the future, the Department directs that the names of drivers be posted ami will require identification of driv ers when complaints are made. An investigation then will determine the facts. At the same time the Department has warned stajje companies that more care must be exercised to keep within the speed limits; that courtesy and care must be shown in passing vehicles especially in the face of on coming trafic and the welfare of pas sengers must be guarded painstak ingly. Official cognizance of the approach of winter is taken in an order that stage? must be heated on cold days. T.'>hts on the stage and inside the i compartments for travelers also must j he looked after. Some starve companies are said to he careless about usinc equipment on which licenses have not been obtained and so a complete report on eollef- | tions of fares and equipment used is j required of operators. Check on Road Traffic. The state highway department's highway census, together with an an alysis showing the amount of vehic ular traffic over all classes of roads, the manner in which they held up the traffic and the cost of -Maintenance will be ready for submission to the next legislature. Another count of vehicles on the roads in the state highway system is to be made in De cember before the final figures are prepared. This year's traffic has been the heaviest the state has ever known but it has not yet been ascertaine ! hou preat an increase over last yen 1 waf recorded. Early reports show the heaviest traffic has been bet'.v""n Olympia and Tacoma. on the new highway north of Seattle and or. load east of Spokane. Howevei. dur ing the crop moving season there ::■.? highways in central and east<"T< Washington that are obliged to carry v? much business as the Pacific h'jrh- WBV in western Washington. Highway officials assert that some of the Gravel roads of the state anl c- rryinjj more traffic Ibnn the>- were Intended to sustain. Paving would decrease the maintenance cost of Ihcse roads but the state is unable to pave as muc'i 'iljrhway as should be permanently Imrroved for traffic. Tho legislature, however, will br> giv en figures showinir where the great est need for improvement exists. Cut Po«n Accidents. The effectiveness of the state's highway patrol and the co-operation of municipal authorities and county peace officers is shown by the De part of Health's report that the num ber of automobile accidents for the first ton months of 1022 shows a marked decrease over the 1021 rec ord. Inside the cities, the death list from automobile accidents declined from 100 to 71 and in the country from 83 to 67. The Highway Patrol under the d: reetion o f T.. P. McArdle ha beei cnvr>-int' on its lafety-first campaign for but little more thas a year. De spite the enormous increase in auto mobile travel this year, the decrease in *h number of fatal accidents In credited to the better enforcement of road laws. Reed's Father a Speaker The candidacy of Representative Mark T.. Reed of Pbelton for speaker of the next house has reminded itati historians of the fact that Mi T!" mai M R<"ed. was sneaker of the territorial ' snae ilxty years The first Speaker Reed was p'.ected for the session that began in Decem ber, 1562. and continued Into the fol lowing year. He was one if *h? ?! men who sat In the house that year and it rt<iuir#d two days of biHnting and «i»-»nt en separate roll c&V> '■ choos-" :i presiiint' otficer. At ire The Leavenworth Echo time thirteen of the twenty-frgr mem: wived at least one vote for sp'aVei. From the • '■! roll calls <m<- m!gh; infer that there was opposition to und or two of the leading ipeakerth'p candidates but that the other mem bers of the house were disorganized! ami undecided on whom they roally did want. Two or tlire times some member came within one vote of an . election, then dropped back nt of . ', the contest finally resulting ir. Mr. Reed's selection. A study of the old journal of tv. house shows that many of the !o,<rti- j lative committees that were function ing in the pioneer days are still kepc j alive in the present organization of | the house. What was known sixty years atro as a "roads and highways committee" was just as much sought after as the present-day roads and bridges committee which about half the members of the legislature be lieve needs their personal attention to insure success. Past Presiding Officers. Lively contests in both branches of the legislature for the honor of pre siding over them gives an interest to the list of former speakers of the house and presidents pro tern of the senate. When the Lieutenant Govern or is able to attend the senate he pre sides, but the president pro tern has been an exceedingly important officer when the lieutenant governor has acted as chief executive. The fol lowing list of former speakers has never been printed: Speakers—lßß9-90, J. W. Feighan, of Spokane; 1891, A. F. Shaw, of Vancouver; 1 SO.'?. .1. \V. Anasmith, of Colfax; 1895, Ellis Morrison, of Se attle; 1897, Charles E. dine, of New Whatcom, now Bellingham, 1S90; E. ITeister Guie. of Seattle; 1901, U. B. Albertson, of Seattle; 1903. W. H. Hare, of Yakima; 1005, ,1. O. Megler, of Brookfield; 1907. J. A. Falconer, of Everett; 1909. Leo O. Meigs, of Yak ima; 1911, Howard D. Taylor, of Kagle Gorge; 191.",. Howard D, Tay lor, of Eagle Gorge; 1915, WAV. ("on nor, of LaConner: 1917, Guy E. Kelly, of Tacoma; 1919. Fred A. Adams, of Spokane; 1921. E. Heister Guie. of Seattle. All except Mr. Cline. a pop ulist, were republicans. The importance of the office of president pro tern in the senate is in dicated by the fact that when Lieut. Governor Henry Mcßride became act ing governor. Senator .T. .1. Smith of Enumelaw as president pro tern was the permanent presiding officer of the 1903 session. A similar honor fel! !o Senator A. S. Ruth of Olympia in 1909 when Lieut. Governor M. E. Hay became acting governor and to Senat i r W. 11. Paulhamus of Sumner in 1911 when Lieut. Governor Hay again could not preside. When Lieut. Gov. 1.. F. Hart took over the executive du ties from Gov. Ernest T.ister during the 1919 session. Senator p. H. Oarl yon took the chair as president pro tern. I'ayhm Former Veterans. Passage of soldier bonus bills by Several states at the last general e'ection has resulted in a flood of in quiries to the bonus department of State Auditor C. W. Clausen's office for information needed to organize new offices in other states. At the same time, Ohio which has only got ten a fair start in the work of reim bursing ex-sen-ice men has sent out a statement showing the progress several states have made in paying bonuses voted. Minnesota has com pleted the task, paying $22,335,108 to 118,004 men. At the time the Ohio statement was issued, Massachusetts h:id disbursed 118,183,280 and had 215,000 applications on file; Michigan with 157,054 applications had paid out ?29,927,820; New Jersey with 126,474 claims had paid $10,671,190; Washington with 60,.">fi7 applicants had disbursed .< 12.278,'. *!>: Wisconsin with 113.401 claimants registered had spent 115,489,486 and Olio had 215, --738 claims on Ale and already had spend $22,700,635. These were listed at the principal bonus-paying states. I! tad Work in Winter, state highway construction work will be continued all winter or sever al important projects. Grant Smith & Co. have the contracts for the 20 miles of the new work in the Yakima canyon and the improvement of the North Bank highway between Under wood and Lyle, 12 miles in length. It is expected a year and a half's time will be needed to finish the Yakima canyon job and a year will be needed on the North Bank work. It is be lieved construction crews can be kept busy throughout the winter on both projects. Anderson & Kelson who are build ing seven miles of highway east of TonaiVet on State Road No. 4 alao IN THE WENATCHEE VALLEY—HOME OF THE BIG RED APPLE—WHERE DOLLARS GROW ON TREES LEAVEWVORTH. CHELAN COUNTY. WASHINGTON, FRIDAY. DECEMBER 1. IMS. DOC SNELL WINS BY K.O. ! IN THIRD The smoker held at (he Wenatchee Commercial club hall last Saturday evening went over in nice shape be | fore some 300 boxing fans. Mickie Hannon, Wenatchee, won the referee's decision over Young i Wells of Portland, in the six-round j main event. Roth boys showed a lot' ! of clever stuff but the crowd felt the j j verdict should have been a draw, as they received the decision with a I I howl that shook the building. Sewell Dean, Leavenworth, boxed a six-round draw with Soldier Woods of Seattle. Art Fitzsimmons, Wenatchee, kay oed Jack Owens, Seattle, in the third round, after hitting the Seattle boy at will. The real fight of the evening was between Doc Snell, Peshastin, and Phil Lewis, Seattle. It was the daddy of them all and had the fans on their toes from start to finish. Both boys were willing mixers and did not slow up once until Doc made his right count on Phil's stomach in the third. Lewis sagged and Snell followed with right to jaw. Lewis down for the count of four. Doc followed with an other right to jaw and the bout is over. L-ewis has had sixty ring fights and Snell is the first boy ever to knock him off his feet. This makes the third straight kayo for Snell. Young Veter, 135 pounds, Leaven worth, won on a foul in the third round from Andy Landon, 145, after carrying the fight to the big: boy all Ihe way. will be busy during the winter. They will need all of next season to com plete the job. Work on the.new road between Beaver and Forks on the Olympic Peninsula was stopped last summer by clanger of forest fires but ■ ill be continued during the winter . The last of the grading between Kelso and Kalama needed before next reason's paving is laid will be finish ed this winter. In the meantime, (•ravel and sand is being delivered all along the route of the Pacific High way between Toledo and Kalama where paving will be laid next sea >on. It is expected t!s;:t the Kelso and Raymond bridges will be completed by spring, but it may take a longer time to finish the bridge over the Snake river at Central Ferry. There will be no interruption to the worV on any of these projects. Three paving jobs cannot be tinish e 1 before spring, hut winter work is impracticable. These are the Elbe- Park Junction. Alder to Flbe and Is- Baquah-Pretton tasks. Dental Law in a Jam. The question of the constitutional ity of Washington's dental Examin ing Law is pending before the Su preme Court of the United States and | probably the ease will not be reached this year. Therefore, Attorney Gen eral L. L. Thompson will have the al- Bternative of asking the legislature to enact a new statute or going ahead with the case now in court. As he expects to win the case and as it would then settle all mooted issues, he may elect to tight it out on the present law. Attorney General Thompson prob ably will be unable to argue the alien kind law case now before the U. S. Supreme Court before the first of next year. It may come before the court during the legislative session. As this case involve' the constitu tionality of the anti-Jap land law a decision is desired before the law makers adjourn next year. Supplying State Needs. Despite the fact th;:t ell the state's farms suffered from last summer's long dry spell the actual loss to the various institutions is less than was anticipated. The state this year raised potatoes enough for all its wards and in addition a larpe amount of canned vegetable* now is on hand from the state farms. The small I fruit crop was not large, but the poul try is doing well. The result will be that far less buying of supplies will , be required than ever before. At the same time Director Will .1. Hays of the Department of Business Control will be able to supply all the shoes, hats and clothing worn by in mates of the state institutions from 1 the industrial plants operated this ■ year by the state. To save the ex pense of hearing a big building at the penitentiary the shoe shop will be 1 closci next month, but enough shoes, boots and slipp«n an on bant) to EXPERT TALKS ON PRODUCTION AND FERTILITY Yakima, Nov. 28.—"We may look ahead to the land passing into the hands of capitalists, and its opera , tion by tenants," said Prof, 0.1.. Wal ler of the State College in addressing I the Washington Irrigation Institute ] here on the question of development iof the raw lands. His conclusion was | drawn from a survey of the rapid in j crease in the price of farm lands I throughout th«? I'nited States. "The average value of farm lands, including improvements, between 1850 and 1920 increased at a rate equivalent to compound interest on the original valuation of 2.65 rr, but from 1900 to 1920 the rate was 6.45Tr. Considering the large area of poor lands included in the farms, it would seem from the 1920 price that the better farms must be selling from $200 to $500 an acre. It will l'eadily be seen that even at $250 an acre the cost of a farm involves an amount of capital very few young men would have, unless they inherit ed it. We may therefore look ahead to the land passing into the hands of rapital'sts. and its operation by ten ants." He quoted O. E. Baker, agricultur al economist of the Bureau of Eco nomics, as saying: "Improved land increased less than .W an acre from 1910 to 1920 as compared with 15^ to 509<- previous decades: and this S% increase was practically confined to the precariously productive semi arid lands of the Great Plains region. The land in the United States suit able for agricultural uses without ir rigation, drainage, r r heavy fertiliza tion is nearly all rccupied. Conse quently one of the g,-eat questions be fore the American people is, how tr> maintain the supply of foods and fib ers for the increasing population at that high level to v.-hich we are ac customed." "Occasionally we hear the state ment made that we already have enough lands under cultivation an.l in crop," said Prof. Waller, "that the United States has a surplus of food; that during the war we fed our allies and could do it again; that it is a mistake to advocate the development of any more lands either by irriga tion, drainage, or clearing cut-over lands. "Just now we are exporting foods, but that cannot last long. Our popu lation is rapidly increasing, and in B few years our own people will require all the produce the farms can raise. Since establishment of Federal ex periment stations acre yields have been constantly increasing, and will probably continue to for some time. Because of scientific research the pro ductivity of the American farm has increased about 15"^ in the last dec ade. The time will come, however, when a further increase in acre yield will cost much money for fertilizers and intensive cultivation; and when such costs have grown beyond the cost of bringing new lands under cul tivation, then the public will demand the reclamation of our deserts by ir rigation, the drainage of wet lands, and the clearing of that class of stump lands that is suitable for crop production. "The arid lands arc the richest,%n<l probably will be the first developed. We have only irrigated about 19 mil lion acres of arid lands, and they are giving us an annual yield of double the acre production of other lands of the United states. They will, there fore, pay interest at a very much higher cost of development than will the swamp and cut-over lands. If the total area that can be irrigated wt'l-e added to the improved area. the addition would be less than 4^. The 1 Columbia Basin would add less than .01 of 1%. "So fai these lands have remained unproductive because of the cost of subduing them. The amount of im- supply all state needs until the plant can resume operations in the spring. All the automobile license plates ordered for the department of licen ses have been finished and delivered by the plant in the state penitentiary. Consolidation of the claim division with the medical aid branch of the Department of Labor and Industries already has resulted in greatly ex pediting the payment of compensa tion to injured workmen and re duced operating coxtx. It is likely a consolidation of medical aid and in dustrial insurance fees will be recom mended to the next legislature to in crease th« efficiency of the depart ■■ft I proved land kept pace with the in creasing population until about 1885. then IRON slowly until 1910. During the decade 1910-20 it increased only about ,Vr as compared with I.V. population increase until about 1908. j and has since increased more slowly ! than population, but consumption per capita has been maintained up to the present time by diminishing: our cx i ports." Speaking of the supply of swamp, desert, and cut-over lands to meet the demand for potential farms, he said: "We have about 110 million acres of swamp anil desert lands that have never produced anything except bull j frogs and jack rabbits. These lan.i have very rich soil and will yield am ple returns when we arc sure it will pay to drain and clear the swamps, and to Irrigate the deserts. Two thirds of the drainable lands must al so be cleared. Some of it is cypress swamps the draining and clearing of which would be very expensive. "Besides this we have some million I acres of forest and cut-over lands not ' needing drainage, much of which at one time produced luxuriant forests. | Some of this will make good farm ' land. Some of it will never make j profitable farms. It would be a mis take to spend money on steep hill | sides which are likely to be washed away by torrential rains, and on the poor sandy soils that later must be I abandoned. To these may be added j about 130 million acres of pasture and ranfre not irrigable and impos sible to produce crops in dry years." Prof Waller spoke of the Xew Eng land farms, many of them abandoned because the cutting away of trees and breaking; up of sod has allowed the rapid washing: away of fertility from the rocky hillsides. "We have talked loud and long about abandoned farms. They oug-ht to be abandoned." he said. "Many of them should never have been defor ested. Some may be used for grac ing lands if they can be centralized into large stock farms. ''Our farmer! are driving larger te;:.ms, using more efficient machin ery, produ";ng more per acre and per ; erson tlrin t\er before. Every Am erican farmer and farm laborer is, on the average, feeding nine people oth r than himself in this country, and cne in a foreign land. We boast of the outp it per man. In all kinds of American manufacture, prices ami profits depend upon the output per man. Why not apply the sam.- rule t.-> farming" We do not wish to force American farmers to the conditions if living of the peasants of Asi i Itaisia. The aero yield of the.-c coun tries is much hiffher than her.', but the peasants live like paupers. Tiey must follow thi- .■-;. stem or star ." LAKE WENATCHEE NEWS. Mr. Delano returned to his home in Marysville the first of the week to spend the winter. Mrs. Galbraith and Miss Lucken back went to Wenatchee last Sun day to attend teachers' institute of Chelan county. John Hedin was a visitor at the county seat the first of the week. Mrs. Brasfield, of Nelson, B. C, has been spending a week with Mr and Mrs. F. S. Searles. Mrs. Conutoek and children return ed to their home in Seattle last Sun day after spending some two weeks or more with her parent!, Mr. and Mr». McDaniel. Mr. Will Harvey was taken to I eavenworth for medical treatment. Mr. and Mrs. F. S. Searles. Mi-. Braifleld and Mr.-, Dickinson enjoyed a chicken dinner at the Frank Searles home last Sunday. PACKING SHED BURNED. The packing shed on the .1. L. Kook en ranch near Dryden burner! down last Saturday night. The cause of the fire is unknown. It contained some twelve or fourteen thousand boxM of apple-. We understand that some insurance was carried on the apples by the ajjent who had purchas ed the fruit subject to delivery on board cars. Mr. Kooken has had very bad lurk ■with fires. He and his brother lost several buildings in the past, includ ing the poo! room at Dryden, turned a year or so a^o: a packing house at the same place, burned two years a>»o; houses, sheds and hay, beside" I having their sawmill engine dyna : mited last sprinp. and evidently have ' some enemy or enemies. Clarence Campbell came over from Seattle Monday. Mrs. Campbell ■>;, recently called to the home of her parents at O*NM, Neb., by the illness of her mother ami Constance accom panied. They will be away, it is expected, mo«t of the winter. $2.50 PER YEAH TAX SYSTEM MUST BE RE FORMED "Then is now bo completel) level oped in our state a concensus of opin ion that the tax system should he re formed at this session of the legis lature, that a failure to meet this ex pectation may be fraught with the danger of unfortunate social and po litical consequences," declares Prof. Frank .1. Laube, political science de partment of the University of Was): ington, writing in the current issue of The Butainesi Chronicle. Seattle. Discussing the underlying causes of the state-wide demand for tax re form. Mr. Lauhr notes that Washing ton's tax burden has increased 160 per cent since 1010, while assessed valuations have pone up but SO pe cent, and remarks that "While the state's population and industrial life has been growing, the increasing bur den of irovernment cogt has rontinuei! to rest on property investment alone. This burden," he adds, "especially smothers the home-owner and the farmer, the two classes upon whose stability and welfare the stability and welfare of the state so much de pend." Mr. I.aube cites the plight of Aso tin county farmers, whose total wheat yield will amount to ahout *225.000, while their taxes will ap proximate $259,888, or some SSD.OOO more than their crops are worth Stevens county has 8,000 descriptions on the delinquent list." Mr. Lauhe do dares. " and quotes one of the com missioners of Renton county to the effect that 20 per cent of that coun ty's agricultural land will be off the tax rolls inside of six months. "Those who have placed their in vestments in property have se ' i its valuation disappear. The fa>mei par ticularly is in a hostile frame of mind. His confidence in government is dliapeparlng. He find- thn values wrought from the heavy teh if of years, confiscate'! to the itat? fir what he believes to be cxl av t £ant and unnecessary uses.' 'the .viter re marks. "It bodes ill for a state when its agricultural class loses courage, and become antagonistic to govern merit. The radicalism of the unpimv ertied is a sufficient menace." Mr. Laube sees the cause of the property owners plight and his ires'.sr ence upon a tax reform to relievo him, in Washington's system of the general property tax. "This system is a proven failure, bringing disaster wherever it has been used." he de clares, "because it was developed be fore the present industrial era, when ownership was entirely in real and tangible personal property, and when such ownership represented the abil ity to pay. Xow we have passed into B new economy in which values other ; nd much larger in volume than prop erty values, have developed," but tlv general property tax continues, reaching " the tax paying ability of one class only. We are in the condi tion of a state half taxed and half free." the writer concludes," and no state can in that manner go forward in security and progress." • "The statistics of tax levies and of government per capita costs," Mr. I.aube says, "demonstrates not only that the burden of government costs rests upon too narrow a base, that of property, but that the revenue base is too narrow to have undertaken the developments which we have under taken, or to have financed them in tile manner in which we have financed them. "Statistics further show." he de clares, "that in the state millage levy on property for state purposes alone, the rate runs more than three times as high as in such states as Minne sota, lowa. Illinois. Montana and Ore gon The same is true," he holds, "of the per capita levy. Yet purely governmental expense, outside of outlays, is little higher, and in some '■ N not so high. "Both state and city have wrongly visioned development and necessity." Mr. I.aube believe-. Tax millage which could have been deferred have been levied, and developmnts which could have been better timed have been entered upon "I believe in the movement now making such progress, for the limi j tat ion of the millage on property," Prof. I^aubi concludes, adding tha' "the reform of the system alone | would not. however, be sufficient. An ■ equate machinery of administra tion must be developed." he says, "The present decentralized adminis tration, with nexper' service, maki" for gross discrimination between in- I dividual* am! ■■ ■ trying in un I convincing valuations, and a giwal I failure of uniformity and efficiency."