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' Eh» Kennpmitk Qlnuﬁrr-Eepnrtrr Issued Thursdays by The Kennewick Printing Co., 217 Kennewick Avenue, Kennewick, Washington Member of WashingtOn Newspaper Publishers Association, Inc. , , Subscription $2.00 per year Entered as Second Class matter April 2. 1914 at P. O. at Kenne wick, Wash.. under Act of March 3. 1879 A SORE SUBJECT | If there is one topic that causes temper frqgn many a Kennewick citizen” it “is the one of strikes. This "subject is almost unavoid-I able when a group starts in on; current events. Conversation waxes warm over some group of employes who are thopping work} until their demands are met. Sometimes these are imagined and uncalled for and you can’t blame the public from doing some exclaiming since justifiable claims are often covered by the actions of some strikers over minor complaints which should be adjusted without fanfare. Matters should be peacefully set tled and never allowed to reach the stage of stopping work and jeopardizing the lives of one or one thousand men on our fight ing fronts, We heard a local’ man remark that we would be in a fine fix if “big' brains” would call a halt. He mentioned the Rockefeller Foundation, Mayo Clinic, the Henry Fords, engin eers, writers, surgeons, scientists, chemists. Many of them can show that as far as money is concerned they are underpaid. They spend long hours of re— search and are not named in the time and a half for overtime class. Certainly they can prove that having a talent for inventive ness, for genius in many cases, for superior intellect, does not mean labor is easy and their man ner of living higher in standard than many other types .of work ers. They are not organized though perhaps your union mem bers would remark that they would be more intelligent if they did! In most such cases the individual seems to be considering bene ﬁting ; others than themselves with their skill and knowledge. As a rule they are spending their time and education trying to im — BAs Ic: * - Makes "hard to gel" foods ‘ 'go further! ' 0 Combine it with nieat, soups, cheese for appetizing main dishes. Makes satisfying and ‘ delicious puddings and other ' desserts. . ' ask for .. . d . BELAIB' S BETTER BREAD ' . . . ii's enriched! Kennewick Bakery NEWCOMERS ARE DISCOVER-MG the zestful span-kilo and tang of Rainier—the beer that has been the favorite of the'west since 1878. No. ' matter where you are from—you won’t know an about the west until you enjoy Rainier Beef THE SPOKANE BREWERY, INC. BUY I * WA R * ‘ :30an I}: NATIONALGDITORIALI ]‘ .M.;gsvfm ssocmnou; I 23725}! .1” . prove the living standard of their fellows. What a funny world! We sitl around a town like Kennewick forl 20 or 30 years wistfully yearning? for new industries, new buildings, new businesses. Along comes the \war with its attendant demands ifor almost everything. We find ourselves with the new industries, the additional population, .the ad ditional payrolls, additional de £mands. And we find ourselves un able to do anything much about it. !We can’t get supplies enough to meet the demands, we can’t get imaterials to build the many houses land business establishments which are not only wanted, but actually necessary. Launderies, eating places, sleeping places, amusement places—almost an unlimited de mand and no way of satisfying Ithem. BUT—we aren’t being shot lat! Recently we’ve heard complaints about the length of time required to have mail delivered in the near by cities. Sometimes it will take three or four days for deliveries in Seattle or Portland. This is no doubt due, in the main, to the very greatly increased amount of mail now being handled, and largely by inexperienced clerks. The same thing applies, apparently, to most of the large cities in the country and was the justiﬁcation for the new division system now being introduced. If you want to speed up deliveries, be sure to put the proper numeral on mail addressed to metropolitan centers._ And by the same token, it would facilitate matters considerably if you would instruct your correspondents to be sure to put the proper street ad dress upon your own mail. It would save considerable delay and con fusion in the local ofﬁce. There are several instances of two or W N 4% a 555 g ! The Courier. est. March 27, 1902 i'rhe Reporter, est. Jan. 24, 1903 ______________ IR. E. REED, Editor and Publisher Consolidated April 1, 1914 _____________'__ more people with the same name and initials now living in Kenne wick. Unless there is some dis- Ltinguishing mark, how are the clerks to tell where to put the mail when there are perhaps three names identical receiving mail from the local office. Just the town name is not enough any mor'e. We’re growing up and your mail shoud be properly addressed. Plan Gardens Carefully To Assure Seed Supply During wartime, America needs all the garden seeds it has to enable new gardeners as well as the ex perienced ones to grow all the vege tables they want. It the seed is not wasted. there will be enough for everyone. This means that each gardener should plan his garden. and should order only .the quantity of seed he needs. and save money while he does it. ' t Expert gardeners usually list the crops they plan .to grow, for they know how much space they have and how much of each ergp to plant. But beginners, particularly. will ﬁnd it wise to make a complete plan. to show just how much seed they will need for the crops they will grow later. This gives them an accurate guide for ordering seed from the seed catalogue or in purchasing seed from a local dealer. The plan made before the seed is purchased should be an acﬂtal draw ing to scale of the garden area. I! the rows of different crops are marked on the plan, they will furnish an excellent guide at planting time. so the work will be done quickly and well. A Thousands of New Cars Bought by Big Railroads Class I railroads put 63.009 new trelght cars and 712 new. locomotives in service in 1942. This ‘was the smallest number of new “cars to be installed since 1939. but the greatest number of locomotives since 1930. In 1941- -the railroads put 80,503 new freight cars and 833 new loco motives in service. Of the new freight cars installed in the past calendar year there were 34,713 box. 23.144 coal. 2.938 ﬁat. 831 refrigerator. 100 stock. and 1.483 miscellaneous cars. , me new locomotives installed in 1942 included 308 steam and 404 elec tric and Diesel compared with 181 steam and 472 electric and Diesel in 1941. Class I railroads on January 1, 1943. had 27,061 new freight cars on order compared With 74,897 cars on the same date a year ago. New freight cars on order at the begin ning of this year included 7,301 box. 17.948 coal. 1,444 flat. 200 stock. and 170 miscellaneous cars. Fat! Win Battle How much is a pound of fat? It's the ﬁring of tour 37 mm anti-air craft shells when Nazi planes ﬂy over North Africa. It’s one and three-tenths pounds of cordite which sends a shell screaming toward an invasion objective. It's a halt pound of dynamite to blow up a bridge to hamper the enemy. It’s three cel lophane bags to protect the gas masks our soldiers carry. It’s 10 rounds from a 50-caliber airplane cannon pointed at a Jap. And it's only one tablespoonful a day sal vaged from any kitchen in America. For 31 tablespoons of salvaged waste kitchen fat make one pound. That pound, little though it may seem, provides enough glycerine to put any busy housewife right onto the ﬁeld of battle. ﬁghting beside her hus band. her sons, her brothers. Multi plied by millions of American homes it could make the diﬂerence between a United Nations victory or defeat. There isn’t much danger of a revolution in a country where every man can feel like a dictator merely by getting under a steer ing wheel. . . THE KENNEWICK (WASHINGTON) COURIER-REPORTER Keeping Cow’s Appetite Keen Helps Milk Yield If a healthy. well bred cow's appe tite is kept keen, she should not only give a lot of milk regularly this year. but also the next year and the next until she can be catalogued as a long-time producer. according to E. J. Perry of Rutgers university. "Every experienced dairyman knows.” he says. “that most of the returns from a cow’s ﬁrst two pro ductive years go to pay the cost of raising her. A stable full of long timers means that the owner will stay in the dairy business. and it also means that he does not let his cows go ‘ofr teed’ very often. “Cows which go ‘ot! teed' don't get that way from eating a lot of roughage. but usually because they have consumed too much grain. especially of the heavy protein vari ety. There is much evidence. too. that heavy graining may be a factor in udder trouble. A wise dairyman will watch each cow in the herd to see'that her appetite is always keen. that she is never averted. The right way. the extension dairyman says. is to feed each animal an amount of grain accord ing to her daily milk yield. and satis— fy her appetite by roughage. The scales will tell whether varying the grain allowance every 10 days or I 0 is' worth while. College Develops Control ‘ For Measuring Water A new type of stream control which will :ld in predicting ﬂoods on small an large drainage basins has been developed at the Pennsyl vania State college. The new device also aids -in deter mining surface water supplies for both power and human _use. and gives measurements from which the size and type of highway and rail way drainage structures can be de termined. Until now accurate measurements of stream ﬂow in small drainage areas of less than 25 square miles have been difﬁcult to obtain because of clogging of the system with debris. leaves. and silt. -The new device is selfocleansing. is sinlple in design and construction. and can be adapted to any relatively small watershed. 'lhe new control‘il installed-in a highway culver: and measures the stream ilow tron: a 3% square mile watershed in Pennsylvania. It does not reduce the ability of the culvert to carry ﬂood down. It will meas ure. with good accuracy. a now of water ranging tron: one-half to 700 cubic feet per second. new Victory am.- We need more victory gardens to produce food in 1943. but theseigar dens must also be better gardens. Public concern over the food situao tion and desire to do everything pose sible to win the war must not result in the waste of time. resources. and energy on ill-advised undertakings. Yet city. town, and suburban fami lies are the ones who can greatly increase food production in gardens. since rural peome are already pro ducing much of their own garden toad. . Centralized garden praiects are useful for city or town residents: but to be successful they must an three requirements. First. the land must: be fertile. supplied with wa ter. and in good condition to grow plants. , Also. any group garden must be set up so that the gardeners will be apt to stick to the gardening through the season. First choice for any garden location is close to the home. so that gardeners will find the time to do the work, and vegetables can be harvgsted easily by the housewife. N 9 Army Waste ' Any soldier who has served his turn on KP duty will tell you that the only thing that is wasted in the mess halls at the Enid army ﬂying school is good strong, soap and a lot of old fashioned elbow grease on the KPs part. It seems to the KP a waste of time and soap to scrub the ﬂoor three times a day. The motto of the cooks and KP pushers is "Don’t throw that away." Every piece of excess fat trimmed from the meat before cooking is put into a big vat to boil out the grease for cooking purposes. All meat left over from meals is used again in meatloaf. swiss steak or stew. A reasonable amount of meat is placed on each soldier's tray along with several kinds of vegetables. If a soldier is hungry enough to eat all of that. he can get back into the line for more. ’ Rationing has hit the soldier too. He is allowed a small square of butter with each meal. no more. Coffee is served 40 times a month. Each soldier is allowed a half-pint of milk a day. which is usually served at breakfast. In By-Gone Days Being Items Culled from Our Files of Ten, Twenty, Thirty and Forty Years Ago. The Columbia Courier for June 26, 1903 says that—Fruit in the D. W. Owen orchard was beginning to ripen. That—The first boat race took place on the Columbia that week and would be a frequent occur rence this summer. 1903 That - Horse Heaven farmers were ordering sacks for their grain‘ crop. They would begin cutting wheat next month. ‘ That—W. A. Morain had re ceived a fine stock of candies and stationery and expected the re ‘mainder of his stock within 10 ldays for his new store, which was expected to be. a credit to the town. That—The Columbia has fallen two feet and is gradually receding. The high water stage was past iand no damage from this source was expected in the future. Many years were expected to elapse be 'fore the river would again reach the stage of the week before. Thai-A number of carpenters had arrived that week to begin work on the new N. P. depot. The Kennewick Courier for June 20, 1913, says that—The dates had been set for the third annual grape carnival to be held in September. } That—The Twin City Ice and Cold Storage Co. was to commence work the next week on the 40x60 two-story addition to the factory which was to be built to house the grape juice plant. The present north wing of the factory will also be raised to two story height, pro viding two floors 64 feet square. The company is just completing a two-story stable and storage house on its property just east of the creamery. That—The cherry crop of the valley exjerienced much the same treatment in the markets that the Kennewick strawberries received, the local houses reporting that the demand exceeded the supply in nearly all instances. Good prices were received from the out set. While the crop in general was below what was expected never theless, the orchards that had crops fared well. The standard brands brought prices as high as 12% cents per pound—declining to eight or 10 cents. ‘ The Kennewick Courier-Report— -ler for June 21, 1923 states that— -3 The ﬁrst carload of early potatoes 'was shipped Monday by the 3- Rivers Growers Association. The shipment went to ‘Kalispell, Mont, and was sold for SBO a tab FOB Kennewick. 3 That—According to L. B. John son and W. H. Guanine. who made a crop inspection trip thru the Kennewick district of Horse Heaven Tuesday. crop prospects were never better in the hills. Cool weather and trequent show ers have made the world brighter My Job Is Here . . . 5 ,5 Work atCHURCH ‘ Essential .now and postWOr! CHURCH GRAPE JUICE COMPANY . KENNEWIC‘ ,7 d 1913 1923 for the hill ranchers. That—Today's shipments bring the total cherry tonnage handled by the Yakima Valley Fruit Grow ers Association to approximately 12 carloads. Three full carload! iof Royal Anna have been shipped itothecanneryatbewistonandtbe fourthandlastcarwillgoout tomorrow. To date ﬁve full car shipments of Bing! have been made. It is estimated that the season’s average will be close to 12 cents per pound net. } The Kennewick Courier-Report ‘er for June 22. 1933 tells us that— With a slow but steady drop of ﬂood waters, residents along the banks of the Columbia and Yak ima rivers were today giving sigh: of relief after three weeks of rec ord high water: threatening their homes and property. Over 2000 mom 6. rm: Am 215% Kennewick Avenue . " Kennewick Phone ll? I’m Working in a war plant right here. s‘? 33; people feel that they have to pull up std!“ “‘3 head for distant places to help whip the Aﬁﬁ Somehow or other, I don’t look at it that my. 13; believe I’m doing my share at Church’s by W 333. after the machinery that prepares food—nil” 3 important food—that is helping to win thil W“ 23* Growing, harvesting and bottling 81‘9“ “if Church’s may not he as spectacular as build" tanks. guns and planes—but it’s a vital and M: sary job that has to be done. Why if we folk! ll Kennewick didn’t get the grape crop into W ' we’d be letting our boys and our country do"- Those boys who are fighting to help keep Amelia American deserve the best that we at home 0" give them. And I’m proud to be doing my D“ 1933 (lawlessness-- SOMEBODY else's carelessness unhvotvemlnesedeusm mohlleeeddentwhich curbed so you ﬂmdel mm- Du'uhkmmm endhepplnesshydrlvhuwm adequate M Melee. leeseusedeyﬂletmuehll! preheat. cum- Gamwmd MammmW= nouns-en's. mcmuﬁn-ﬂ no vain-bl. WWW.” Robothbuﬂdsudmbw( ment. Follow outﬂow-I I“ “7". swell!" Mt. Gourds W “9"" famnoulomuwick- ' Thursday, June 24, “Q acres of farm and pasture In“ the Claybelle ranch ﬂat. .‘ flooded Saturday. "! That—Kennewick and M will have a Fourth of Jul, & button in spite of the «N A full day's program ha. be. 0. mm and finances for cut“ it through have also been m That—Lois and Olive BM I~ arda Vinson ,Alice Aim “.1 m Wynne. Eiteen Olbrich, ‘§ Hinkley. Geneva Tucker, M Foster, Martha Lincoln, 5‘ Helm. and Katheryn Lg. mi the first of the week m. 4-H club camp held gt “h last week. \ That—The ﬁrst car of ties from the Northwaggh‘: tram Kennewick over the x“ cm Pacific railroad Mona”, ‘ cherries were grown and m by W. B. Williams of the “- ‘newick Highlands.