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The Kennewick courier-reporter. [volume] (Kennewick, Wash.) 1939-1949, July 22, 1943, Image 6

Image and text provided by Washington State Library; Olympia, WA

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87093044/1943-07-22/ed-1/seq-6/

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IFiastics Meet
Special Needs
seientist Doubts That They
, Vlill Replace Nature’s
Own Materials.
PITTSBURGH—The Mellon Insti
tute is making aonew. leatherlike
plastic to last 20 to 25 years with
out stretching, despite being flexed
about 900 times an hour. '
The institute also has produced a
new metal-like plastic to form discs,
which for 25 years must wabble like
coins about to lose their spin, and
'do this in boiling hot or icy cold
water, without wear. swelling or
Both are intended for special jobs
in meters. Both mislead the gab
lic. as have their near-miracle pred
ecessors in plastics.. in that they
seem to point to a near future when
anything a man wants in materials
—his house, his car. his plane—can
be tailor-made to fit his dreams.
This might be‘done, but it probably
never will be.
The plastics age, as seen here at
Mellon Institute. will be full of sci
entific miracles—but plastics will not
substitute for metals, wood, bricks
'and stone or for jewels, silks and
clothing. They will supplement all
those and many more. They will he
.used to do things nature’s materials
cannot do so well.
The situation was explained by
Dr. Reginald L. Wakeman, indus
trial fellow. His fellowship is sup
ported by the Pittsburgh Equitable
Meter company.
May Be Too Expensive.
Usually plastics will be too ex
pensive td substitute. Cotton pav
ing blocks, so called because they
are a plastic with a base obtained
tom cotton, are anexample. Some
of the publicity about streets paved
with cotton blocks omitted the cost
—around 40 cents a pound. ’
When the United States’ entered
the war the total American plastic
production was less than one-half
qt l‘per cent of the metals we used.
In volume the plastics, lighter in
Weight. equaled some 4 per cent of
the metals.
A renaissance of color is one
definite change to come with clas
tics. They can beunade in all :01-
ors. The colors are fast, with un
usual brilliance and sheen. Neither
dirt. corrosion nor wear dims them
permanently. These colored plas
tics clean easily. usually with wa
ter. .
There is no end in sight of the
variety of plastics to be inade. There
Is also an equally endless possibility
of blending plastics with other ma
terials. or bonding plastics and oth
er materials together permanently.
Already there is a wallpaper made
apparently of wood. A resin, which
is a plastic. does this. Paper is
impregnated 'with the resin. On top
is laid a thin layer of wood, one
sixty-fourth of an inch thick.
Use in Planes.
Plywobd planes ,are possible only
because of the plastics which ce
ment the layers of wood. Virtually
all the new plywood advances de
pend on plastics. The so-called plas
tic planes contain, as binder, about
10 to 14 per cent of plastics.
Few persons think of nylon as a
plastic. Yet it is one of the fore
most and one oi! the most versatile.
The versatility of plastics is all
but incredible. Take Wparacouma
tone. It is a, .useful floor binder
and also an ingredient in chewing
gum. .
Auto safety glass is made with a
plastic. Cashew nuts furnish a plas
tic to make high-quality brake lin
ings. The casein of milk makes an
imitation wool, and that also is a
plastic. In industry the plastics are
more important than in household
and personal uses. They furnish
the rubberized and concréte paints.
many at the lacquers. all sorts of
adhesives. Wherever there is an
industrial job in which metal is fail
ing. the chemist can look over his
field of plastics, decide what kind
and arrangement of molecules will
form a special material for the job.
and then, it he has time enough,
make the article.
Kin of Davy Crockett V
Joins U. 5. Air Force
LONDON. Davy Crockett. the
great-great-grandson of his name
sake who went down from Tennessee
to help out Texas in the war for in
dependence and died a hero's death
in the Alamo in 1836. was sworn
into the U. S. air force recently.
Born in England of American par
ents. he has never seen his homeland.
His father. Norman Crockett, of
Rockton, 111., is with the U. S. Mari
time commission.
Young Davy wants to be an
American bomber pilot to “get back
at the Germans for what they did
to England." He has been in a Brit
ish training corps for two years.
And Then Izaak Walton
Turned Over in Grave
nor, the Chronicle's society editor,
strolled into Bill Hatch’s sporting
goods store and asked to be shown
some fishing equipment.
She bought a bright. feathery bass
lure. 7
“And now,” said Bill. “I suppose
you'll want to buy a fishing license."
“Oh, no." replied Miss Connor,
”I'm going to put this thing on my
new hat."
Eye Is Like a Camera,
Uses‘ Films for Pictures
Every minute the human eye uses
about 500 chemical photoggaphic
“films" that it makes itself. Ree
cent studies have disclosed that the
eye is more like a camera than
foymerly was believed; and that a
continuous supply of new “films" of
high sensitivity is needed for' clear
A remarkable photo-sensitive sub
stance, known as the visual purple,
in the eye is bleached by light in
the seeing process, somewhat in a
manner similar to the action taking
place on the film in a camera when
exposed to light. However, the hu
man eye has the remarkable power
to change back the photosensitive
substance, after exposure. into its
original form so that it can be ex
posed again. This substance in the
eye is exposed and restored at the
remarkable speed of 8 to 10 times
a second, or about 500 times a min
Experiments also show that the
substance, if removed from contact
with living eye tissue, will remain
permanently in the exposed condi
tion and will not return to its original
form. _
Liberty Ship Lifeboats
Built to Withstand Sea
Rated as the best built and safest
ship of its type in the world; the
EC-2 Liberty ship is equipped with
lifeboats that are on a par with the
parent ship. Acknowledged as the
most seaworthy and self-contained
boats of their type ever made, they
are made! of metal or wood, de
signed to carry 25 passengers.
Once lowered the Liberty lifeboat
automatically releases on contact
with the water. .You can't swamp
one of these boats because of buoy
ancy tanks filled with kapok. It high
seas should capsize the boat it can
readily be righted by a few men.
Each boat is equipped with a can
vas spray hood, This hood covers
the entire forward section and
there's also a‘ mu length of spray
cloth on the weather side. ~
Each boat carries scarlet sails,
making identification easy. One in
every four is ehuipped with 3 25.11.13.
motor and a good supply of fuel.
There is also a full complement of
Last Words
Maj. Eric Knight, author of “This
Above All,” who was killed in a
plane crash on his way to North
Africa. was planning a new novel
which he had discussed with his
In a letter written recently; Ma
jor Knight said: “When I get where
I’m going. I’ll write you. In a way
I'm sorry. because I'll be cut of!
from llXpewriters for a good part of
the t' , and won’t be able to do any
more work on the next book. It's
about a guy coming home from the
war—that’s all. I'd like to have it
d'one'by the time the war is over,
but I don't know. The big thing is,
we'll win this war by killing Ger
mans. not by writing books.
“I can’t talk anyone into anything.
I admire conscientious objectors in
this war as long as" they are con
scientious about it, and I admire sol
diers. The only ones I never admire
are the ones who fight with their
mouths and say: ‘Kill one for mé.’
Each man with desire tor bloodshed
should do his own shedding."
3’! *
355321?mb 7115'”;
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One of the most essential articles
of equipment for our soldiers is his
canteen. In equ'atorial countries and
in other wa‘rm climes they are par
ticularly important to the welfage of
our fighting men.
The canteen, now being largely
manufactured of plastics, costs
about 43 cents. The canvas cover
. . . about 41 cents or?“ cents in
all. Your purchases of War Bonds,
or People’s Bonds, will buy many of
these for our men in the Solomons
or in Africa where they are badly
needed. Buy War Bonds every pay
day . . . at least ten percent of your
income . . . through a Payroll
Savings plan. a. 5, Treasury Department
Rural Fire Figfiters
Improved community organiza
tions for rural protection from fire
are making the program to reduce
rural fire loss in New York state
one of the most effective in the na
tion. Since January, 1936, the num
ber of rural fire districts in the state
has increased from 106 to 312. A
number of others have probably
been formed but have not yet been
classified for insurance rate pur
poses. The state fire-district law
enables rural communities to get
better protection by permitting them
to finance fire fighting equipment
with public funds.
Volunteer firemen’s associations
have helped to make the many dis
trict organizations possible.
Starving Chinese
Are Eating Grass
Famine Strikes Province in
Densely Peopled Area.
CHENGTU.—Travelers from Ho
nan province tell of a famine so
.serious that many sufferers have
eaten grass and the bark of trees to‘
keep alive.
Crops have failed, villages have
been deserted and food prices have
reached prohibitive levels when food
is available at all, according to these
reports from this densely peopled
area of China.
'The Hanan famine may become
the worst in China's history unless
widespread relief measures are tak
en to feed and relocate millions of
persons, according to W. W. Alley
of Chinese Industrial co-operatives
who just has completed a survey of
the famine areas for United China
Mr. Alley reported that 10,000,000
persons are affected by the famine.
He warned that “millions will die”
if evacuation of starving people is
not begun at once.
Two Yenching university students
who left Peiping 26 days ago to
reach their school in Chengtu said
they had passed through areas that
were “like a nightmare.” They spent
six days walking through iaminea
ravished districts. ‘.
“We could get food. but it was
terribly expensive," one student
said. “One pound of flour cost 24
dollars ($1.20 in American money).
The cheapcst meal, consisting of a
bowl of noodles and a few pieces of
cabbage, cost 20 dollars ($1).
Letters received by American
missionaries from Chinese friends
in areas occupied by the Japanese
revealed that Shantung and Anhwei
provinces in eastern China were suf
fering tram the most severe famine
in a decade. _ ' '
New Insecticide Found
In Chinese Yameean
INCA—Cornell university scien
fists announced recently the discov
ery of a lethal home front weapon.
a new insecticide which “may help
to protect millions of dollars worth
of vegetable crops in 1944."
Source of the pest destroyer is
the Chinese yam bean. the _origin of
which has been traced to Central
Americd and Mexico, where the
plant is cultivated for the food value
in the roots.
According to Prof. Roy Hansberry
of the agriculture experiment sta
tion, this “promises a future near
by insecticide supply unlimited by
shipping shortages, Axis conquests
or submarine warfare."
The active principal of the bean,
effective in killing pea aphids, Mex
ican bean beetle and other pests. is
concentrated in the seeds. It is
described as having many or the
values of ,"rotenone" insecticides.
most of which have come from the
South Pacific area.
Professor Hansberry said the most
eflective use of the bean is made
by dusting with a mixture of ground
seeds and talc. .
“Tests have shown that yam bean
dust will kill caßle lice.” and add
ed, “and it may find other uses in
addition to the control of vegetable
crop peSts.”
Favors Transit Service ’ '
To All Amusement Parks
WASHINGTON.-It's all right :6:
transit companies to prov'ide bus and
street car service to amusement
parks if it does not interfere with
transportation needs of war work
ers. the Office of Defense Transpor.
tation ruled.
The agency said, however, that
rubber-tired vehicles should not be
furnished to amusement parks and
other recreational centers‘ if rail
serviceis available. and should not
duplicate rail service for any sub
stantial part of the trip. _
Turn About’s Fair Play,
Fighting Men Discover
VANCOUVER, B. C.—Vancouver
quietly and patriotically suffered a
serious fuel shortage so is fighting
men might train in comfortable
warmth. In turnabout fashion. the
army supplied enough wood cutters
for two weeks to pile up 1,418 cords
of brushwood for the district's fur
naces. Then the city donated SSOO
to a fund to buy band instrument!
for the army.
Women of Scotland Now
Get Eggs From Seagulls
LONDON—Thrifty Scottish house‘
wives are beating the wartime egg
shortage by trapping and domesti
eating seagulls. the London Sunday
Pictorial reported.
After a couple of months of good
feeding, the housewives claim. the
seagulls can be persuaded to lay
eggs that are as good as hen eggs
for cake making.
U. S. Flyer Helps Raid
Mother’s Home City
R. Donadio of New York rode in
a Flying Fortress that participat
ed in the raid on Naples, where
his mother was born.
“Mrparents came from Italy,
but my whole family is hell
against the Axis," Donadio re.
marked later.
21%?mb 70d;
ywm BuNng
Washing machines and other
household appliances are not avail
able today. Manufacturers have
converted their plants to war work.
It you save today, however, by buy
ing War Bonds. this money saved
will start these factories rolling and
put millions of Americans to work
after the War is won.
\ l l I U u I 7" '
Join the payroll Savings plan at
your ofiice or factory. Save a dell
uite amount every payday, ten per
cent or more of your pay check.
Your pay check today buys a pay
day for tomorrow and gets you $4
back for every $3 you invest.
U. 5. Treasury Dom-av
Eterna] Light Is Only
, Small Pilot Flame Now
war ends. only a small pilot flame
will keep alive this famous battle
field's eternal-light peace memorial.
The main light was extinguished
by the national park service as a.
precaution against air raids—hut
will burn during daylight hours. 'lhe
memorial was erected three years
ago. on the seventy-fifth anaiveuaty
at the battle here.
U. S. Nurse Won’t Tell
' ’Secrets Even to Queen
OneAnlrican nurse has proved she
can keep a secret.
Soon after they arrived, the
nurses received strict warnings
against revealing any information of
military value. The next day 01-
flcers were entarrassed to learn
that 'a nurse. c atting with Queen
Elizabeth on a visit. had refused
to tell the queen how long she had
been in England.
Corvette Sub-Fishnet
Corvette. the name of a small
fighting ship. now appears almost
daily in dispatches covering naval
action around the world. Wherever
United Nations convoys are moving
supplies. there are escorfing destroy
ers and—corvettes. Corvettes built
in the 19303 were Britain's studied
answer to the' challenge of subma
rine and bomber. first keenly felt in
World War I, says the National Geo
graphic society. Corvettes now un4
der construction embody . changes
gleaned from convoy escort experi
'ence of the past few years. They
are smaller than the earlier models.
ranging from 1.100 tons down to a
minimum of 400 tons. They carry
improved anti-aircraft machine
guns. depth charge' throwers and one
or two tour-inch guns.
Person.“ Touch
When names like “Betsy," “Har
ry." ”Mary." "Nancy." “Frank"
are heard being called out across
the rosin yards of southern naval
store markets, it doesn't mean that
human beings are being addressed.
but simply that rosin is being grad
ed by those appelations. says the
U. S department of commerce. This
unique method of designating the
grades of rosin has developed in
the naval stores industry because
of the confusion which sometimes
resulted when just the letters by
which the grades are officially known
were yelled. '
cooperative 3mm}:
An increase in co-operative buying
by Texas farm women was one of
the significant trends in the field of
rural home industries in 1942. Sev
eral years ago marketing commit
tees ot the state’s county home dem
onstration councils experimented
with co—operative purchase of pine
apple for home canning. The ven
ture proved .so successful that the
same plan has been applied to the.
purchase at other fruits, wheat.
syrup, fruit trees. vines. rose bushes
and some home equipment.
What Is Inflation? ‘
' Do you have excess cash?
You will answer, “No.” But
the fact remains that you do.
For almost every wage earner
these days has an income, in
checkbook or pocketbook. well
above the cost of his living,
taxes, insurance and debt re
Yon never actually “bid”
against anybody for a porter
house steak, but when you take
the spending of all average
Americans as a group. it’s a
diflerent story. So it is im
portant that excess money be
‘saved rather than used collec
tively to bid up prices. If it is
spent, instead of saved, prices
soar. . . That's inflation.
Ideally, it should be invested
in Government securities dur
ing the Second War Loan.
“They give their lives . . .
You lend your money.”
Etiquette Invented to
Keep Up’ With Jones'
Most table manners are customs
which have a basis .in common
sense. but some impractical rules
were adopted through the centuries
by dictators of etiquette who had
hard work to devise means to dis
tinguish themselves as being rich.
extra nice. or both. .
Before World War I. it was con
sidered a trifle boorish to eat all the
food placed on the plate by the
host or hostess. The idea was
that the uneaten bit of food proved
the abstainer was a little above
everyday standards and could con
trol natural instincts. The wasted
food also proved that the guest real
ized the host was financially able to
he wasteful.
Soldiers in army camps in 1917
and 1918 found their eating was su
pervised by men who had more re
gard for the problems of transport
ing and serving food than for the
rules of etiquette. Food left in mess
kits proved 'to these supervisors the
lack of judgment of the eater. and a
course, of kitchen police duty or the
reserving of the leftover food at the
,nex‘meal were methods used to ad
just soldiers' eyes to the size of their
Fish May Replace Meet
As Daily Table Fare
That familiar phrase. “Fish on
Friday." soon may become just a
relic of pre-war .days. For fish on
Monday, Tuesday. Wednesday or the
other days of the week is one of the
ways in which the mealplanner who
knows her nutrition can help in the
government's request for conservao
tion of meat. Fish. like meat, con
tains almost all the nutritive ele
Protein. for building strong mus
cles and firm body tissues. is found
in abundance in fish. -. And nutri
tionists say it ls easily assimilated.
too. _Maniminerals are found in
Islam at, the most important ones
is iodine. valuable in helping to pre
vent dlseases of the thyroid gland.
especially. goiter. iodine. ls not
tound in many foods. Phosphorus
tor tissues and muscle building. cal
clum'tor hues and teeth are found
in abundance in shell fish.
The army is feeding fish to the
soldiers. It ls a good health insur
ance food. It should be eaten two
or more times each week.
Fight Peach Scnle
The growing invasion of the white
peach scale. which has made sub
stantial gains in North Carolina or
chards since 1940. will be met with
a "secret weapon" this year. Not
serfws for many years. the peach
sea. .-‘ made noticeable gains in the
Sandhllls in 1940. moved into new
territory and new orchards in 19a,
and made addition] advances last
year. The "secret weapon" farmers
can use against this unwelcome in
vader is two‘applications of a 4 per
cent oil emulsion. —'l'he two sprays
should berapplied' before the buds
\ begin to swell on the trees. They
should he sp‘ieed about two weeks
apart. It is suggested that growers
go through their orchards and spray
the infested tires first. Then two
or three weeks later. the entire or
chard should be sprayed wlth the oil
emulsion. '
Protect huge.
Five rules given tor better service
and longer use from gas or electrlc
ranges are: 1. See that gas pres
sure is properly adjusted and elec
tric voltage right. not too high or too
low for your stove; that range burn
er grates or units are level. 2. See
that air and gas mixturejs adjusted
in gas burner. to give a clear dame.
Keep hurners and pilots clean. dame
openings uaclogged. 3. Protect the
enaxhel surface trom sudden changes
in ternperature. scratches. blows.
spills and acids._ 4. Don’t overheat
coils-of electric units. don't get salt.
soda. sugar. or soap into open units.
Never touch open wire coils with
anything metal. .5. Keep all parts of
the range clean to help preserve it:
save fuel and your time.
Solve Duty Problem
Herd culling and a better Job at
feeding and milking are progressive
steps _ln solving the dalrymon'o twin
problem of labor and teed. the only
solution ot,one horn of the problem
is to. cull the cows to the number
which can be handled with the lebor
available. it lg believed. To relieve
the other half of the difleulty
culling the’ herd and teedlng the
roughage available is «asserted. In
some cases. the feed situation, espe
clally roughage, is hampering dairy
men more than labor. In many
cases a herd can be reduced in also
and by doing a better job of feeding
and milking as much or more milk
can be obtained from the cows re
maining as formfrly.
Important Naval Base
Wilhelmshaven, first German city
to be pounded by an all-American
bomber squadron. was the scene of
a mutiny that helped break the back
of German resistance in November.
1918. Mutiny by the crews of two
battleships “at Wilhelmshaven was
quickly followed at Kiel by the
spread of revolution to the whole
fleet and to the land. _
It has been an important "an
station for nearly a century. The
site on Jade bay. due south of Hel
goland, German island sentinel in
the North sea. 385 miles by airline
from London, was purchased and the
station planned in 1853. Two year:
later construction began.
Services Fight
Dread Malaria
Aided by Health Board,
They Battle Foe Called
A: Dangerous as Axis.
WASHINGTON—The army and the
navy. backed by the U. 8. Public
Beam: service. have been “him!
an unsung war against an enemy
which could defeat our troops with
out firing a single shot and could
use our own airplane: for a success
tn! invasgon of our shores.
The enemy. which military men
declare can be as great an adver
sary as the Japanese and the Ger
mans. is malaria.
So far. the army and navy. in the
field. have been fighting a great
holding action against the malady.
while the health agency guards our
coast against malarh-bearing mos
quitos coming in by airplane.
A holding action is all it can be.
for. while science knows how‘to re
duce the possibility of malaria and
how to treat it once it is contracted.
it does not yet possess the weapon
necessary for total defeat—a vac
cine that will prevent it.
Posh Tests for Weapon.
However. scientists in every cor
ner of the United States and in many
tropical outposts. working tor the
army and navy through the nation
al research council. are hunting for
the “aecret weapon” that will de
feat malaria. They are experiment
ing. testing. observing, making use
of hundreds upon hundreds of herbs.
plants and chemicals. The magic
So far they have nothing to re
port. But some day. it and when they
discover an anti-malaria vaccine.
flaey will have won a great victory.
tor malaria. while it does not have
the dread connotations of smallpox
and some of the other diseases al
ready conquered by science. is a
great reaper of human life.
All the things men know about
malaria and every means of com
bating it are being employed by the
army and navy to protect the men
who are man; in some at the
world's worst malarial spots. On
the home trout the Public Health
service. firm its Foreign Quar
antine division. is “decontaminatp
ing" the planes that come back
from the malaria! areas.
Bow Disease 1: into“.
The anopheune moanulto la the
came at malaria. the mosquito first
must hiteantntectedperaon: then.
ash. in bill like a pohonad hypo
‘ When malaria strikes a person he
becomes weak. shaky. subject to
chills and (ever. A sailor or a sol
dicr Merinz i‘rom malaria obvi
ously is no good as a netting man.
Certain prophylaxis—namely. qui—
nine (supply sources at which are
now in the hands of he Japanese)
and atahrine (a coal ter-derivative
which the United States is making
in huge quantities)—will conh-ol it
and. administered in vast doses un-
der medical nmerviaion. eventually
willeweoreheckit.‘ Anotherchem
ical agent. plarmochin. will kill the
gametacyiea. the reproductive term
of the malaria parasite.
There is plenty of ualaria in the
United States. particular‘q the south
ern parts. but the Puplic Health
So 400 unmanned quarantine o!-
ncers and sanitary inspectors stand
guard todny st airports where plsnes
tram overseas come in. They see
to It that planes. which already have
been sprayed with chemicals lethal
to mosquito; are sprayed again.
Passengers receive medical exami
nations; those, with mslaria sre per
smut go straight to hospitals and
stay there until they are no longer
sauces cl mean.
Family Food Cub Rim
$4 a Month Over 1942
American hound!- wflh tour
than in nu. dept-uncut o! agricul
ergeb aboutMotthomwhlch
higher labor and machinery com
gothlflz. '
a bi; prom. For me haraaaed gro
cer is operating under price ceilings
controlling margins of motion most
items. Food processors. carriera.
in; at a lower margin at prom than
everbenore. aclcordlnztoflzeagd
All Soldier Need:
Now Is Right Rank
FORT EUS'I‘IS. VlA—Should he
ever attain that degree of rank.
one Fort Eustia soldier would be
a dguble captain. tor already his
signature is Private Berwick Cap
tain. A native of Oberlin. La..
Captain is the smallest trainee in
the battery. standing just an inch
:I..der five feet. but has little d!!-
flcuhy keeping up with bl; men.
Thursday, “‘l‘“
, \l ‘
we: ‘00; .
To uccomodate
workers who cannot
in during work both
our shop 13 .
Open link] in
' 911 week daysand
Tl] 10 Safari".
‘ A ;
'lihe Navy shares
with you
\ x
To lubricate Uncle Sun's;
undue Diesel mg”
run clean and Mn”
cmises, the Navy can
The Navy is Mfi
"secret weapon” with g
home front . . . and m
DEIJO is doing e ‘1
in thouands of magna‘
engines. It“: special,
pounded in prevent '
end gamma-up pi" .
stuck through we of
oils. Millions of an it
proved that it in! ‘
Navy an't effofll .to' ,
chances with in
the all-around uh, '
cm crud Iqui-
Vulvo Wow, Oil‘-
IOO'L Clan
I B I I: I '
Sage: Seflh
. one 2511
' [cum I!“
Your local repremrv‘.
#4 1
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Save Hell! I
Save Mon!!!
Insulate M 9
NOW while .
is available. 5"
is the only '
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