f'rmﬁnued from last week) ‘
b 1916 Louis Levine, professor
‘.gnomiw. had been appointed
U u president of the Montana
”University to make a special
a of problems of taxation. His
M on rnine taxation aroused
ﬂ museum of the Anaconda
W Mmmg company. and he
”ﬂ ordered py the university au
"ﬂies to discontinue the study.
”at. Levine had completed his
W and proceeded to have it
ed—whereupon he was sus
s for “insubordinate and un-
MOllßl conduct” 4:, wag to
, the liberals of the
_ up the issue; and by the
U Joseph Dixon came into the
orship the stage was set
‘ ”tion. One of the ﬁrst acts
‘ his career as governor was to
‘for reform of the state’s eco
lin” aﬂairs. A mine tax revis
h! was drafted and submitted to
I! voters as Initiative No. 28 in
”1924 elections—and carried by
more than 20,000 votes.
7 am the light of subsequent de
‘gaopments in the history of the
i W States the 1920 campaign
: (the Democratic Party is of par.
war interest in that the nominee
- Franklin D. Roosevelt. And
P lank in the national platform
mt party espousing reclama-
TWIN CITY SURPLUS STORE
346 Avenue C . '
_ ‘ NOW HAS
Beds, Mattresses, Comforters, Blankets,
' Pillows, Suit Cases and Foot Lockers
Tarps and Tents, Mae West Life Preservers
One and Five Man Life Rafts -‘ ,
MANY OTHER USEFUL THINGS
' Phone 2991 - ' .
‘ QlfQEiiﬁéiassll332;?n " " ' '
”‘ .. ’* mW‘ a
Each member of the Washington Co-Operative
: Farmers Association operates an independent -
business—3o,ooo of these separate businesses m
- the State of Washington; ' , ‘
' _No other group of Americans is more vitally
‘ interested in preserving free enterprise in this
nation. , ‘ '
These. farmers are “rugged individualists"—but ~
they have also learned the advantages of‘co-opera
-4 ‘101! as a bulwark for the individual. » _ ‘ '_
Their Washington Co-Op enables them to pull
together in their common problems of marketing
‘36 production, helps them level out the peaks
Md valleys of supply and demand, and increases
W.ﬁciency while reducing the cost of their
bu" Hess operations. ‘
The beneﬁts from their Washington Co:0p to
' ﬁle individual member are extended to their com
munity and to the state—both through the in
~ "and prosperity of the group and because their ~
marketing operations tend to stabilize the supply
“(costs of farm prodyets for the entire con
milling public. - ' .
“ . American farm families, operating
their individual businesses and
working together through their own
co-operative association, are the
ﬁnest examples of Free Enterprise.
"The emblem is your security”
‘ .N g . p
By Margaret Thompson
tion had greater signiﬁcance than
was apparent to the voters at that‘
time. , . 3
Inception of the Grand Coulee
Behind it lay the ﬁrst organized
effort to build the great multiple
purpose dam in the Columbia Riv
er at the head of Grand Coulee, an
eﬁort which constitutes one of the‘
great epics of America. Many
persons contemplating the possi
bility of irrigating Central Wash
ington following the settlement of
that region in the early 1900’s, had
speculated on' the possibility of
raising the water of the Columbia
to the necessary elevation by
means of a dam. They ’were gen
erally familiar with the theory of
geologists that Grand Coulee had
been excavated by the Columbia
River at a time when a great ice
dam elevated its waters and caus
ed it to find a new channel down
across this lava plateau. _ It nature
could so divert the waters of this
greatvriver then why couldn’t man
Grant county, which had been
organized in 1909, was so laid out
as to have a- long northward ex
tension embracing the entire ex
tent of Grand Coulee and the seg
ment of the Columbia River where
rocky reefs appeared to oﬂer good
foundation for a dam; and on the
west and south the county is
bounded for the most part by the
river. It was natural then that the
men elected to positions in county
government and other civic lead
ers should struggle with the prob
lem of bringing water to the great
expanse of arid land. .
Prominent among them was
Billy Clapp, an attorney who had
moved to Ephrata, the county seat
shortly after the county was es
tablished. He was one of the ﬁrst
to seriously advocate a dam at
Grand Coulee. Another was Nat
Washington descendant of ‘a
brother of George Washington—
who with his father settled on a
homestead along the banks of the
Columbia not far from the nort
ern extreminty of Grand Coulee.
Mr. Washington was also a law-
Yer and in 1917 he became pros
ecutmg attorney of Grant county.
World War I was being fought in
Europe and men were talking
about making the world safe for
democracy. As the war’s end ap
proached they gave increasing
thought to post-war planning. Nat
Washington had dee-seated con
wctions about the importance of
developing natural resources by
public enterprise and visualized
the possibility of a public works
program which would harness the
waters of the Columbia for hydro
electric power and irrigation.
Private Power Interests Back
A Gravity System
Other men were committed to
a policy of irrigation by public en
terpnse but insisted on keeping
the province of electric power in
the hands of private enterprise.
Already public power had made
considerable headway through
municipal ownership—notably in
Tacoma and Seattle—and in 1918
Seattle entered upon its huge de
velopment on the Skagit river.
The concept of multiple-purpose
dams was gaining headway ,since
it wgsuiﬁhgous that .angri sizeable
dam serve irriga on nugh
also be used in the interestof'
economy to‘generate electric pow
er. Adam at Grand Coulee ob
viously would fall in this catagory
and because of its size it was be
yond the reach of any private com
The Washington Water Power
company, with headquarters in
Spokane, was looking forward to
developing lesser projects on the
Columbia at natural sites like
Kettle Falls, and it was not will
ing to risk invasion of this field
by public enterprise. .Other in-i
teress were planning private pow-;
er projects at Priest Rapids and
other power sites on the Columbia.
In 191% Ehinlgtomame (fifthGralnid
view, as n, oneo eo :-
inal ogcers of ﬁg: Waslainztogr 111;
to dev irriga on an now
the Zakgxpia valley and Priest Rap
;ids section.; .poined with Spokane
interests: in launching—llnder the
auspices of the “Spokane Recon
struction Congress' what they,
called the “Big Bend. .ProiecS’
This. ould include most of the ir
rigabye land in the great bend of
the Columbia. ,
Proponents of the prolect were
, I suffered foryearsandamlo
thankful that I found relief from
this terrible afﬂiction that I will
gladly answer anyone writing me
for information. Mrs. Anna Pant-‘2.
P. O. Box. 825, Vancouver, Wash.
Pd. Adm—NUE-OVO I.3mm
, ' ATI‘EN'I‘ION
We have complete service
and experienced mechan
ics to take cage of your
c... ..°¥..3’ EVEW"
, Garland - Boyle 4
Olisnobile CW 9
n 0... as wan- w an
' _ for 7
11 Front Street
y ‘. SERVICE
V Phone 511
Night Phones: .
Kamila! 512 on ma
nouns-r 3 mm mm
m KENNEWICK, COURIER-REPORTER
Icalled the “gravity crowd." since
their aim was to bring water by
gravity ﬂow from Pend Oreille
Lake through canals,~ pipe lines
and aprons. It was devised purely
for irrigation, with little or no
mention of power.
(Continued next week).
By Dorothy Canon
Phouo your now: to m
2‘“ homo WM
Dr. and Mrs. Frank Staley of
Los Angels were dinner guests
at Mr. aners. C. Hoadley, Wed
nesday, July 3.
Mrs. Elizabeth Schwartz, sister
in-law of Peter Schwartz, arrived
last Tuesday irom Dickinson, ND
and is visiting relatives in Leaven
worth until Monday. Then she
will return to her home.
Mrs. Christine Heinle of Van
couver arrived Monday for a short
visit with her sister and brother
in-law, Mr. and Mrs. M. J. Shira
-30. Mrs. Heinle returned Wednes
Miss Elizabeth Zahn, neice of
Steve Zahn, was a 4th of July vis
itor at the Zahns. Miss Zahn ar
STARK BROTHERS NURSERY
Order Your Trees NOW!
For Fall Planting
' W. B. SAUNDERS
River Road. Rt. 2. Kennewick. Wash. PHONE 18:?
FOR THOROUGH SATISFACTION '
Call LARSON 8: HOPP
‘I4 Adams Phone 3412
Remodeling, building—no job too small or too
great. Free estimates, prices right.
I 1 BI '‘ M ' D' '
1 to t e ue ountam Istrlct
' Hi, neighbors! . Naturally, we'll see they get your vege- . .
We feel we can address you as neigh- tables with the true Blue Mountain Dis- ‘
'bors, because you have been mighty trict ﬂavor in ’eml For Birds Eye high
1 neighborly to us! . - . standards of packing and the speed of .
. . our ' quick-freezing process guarantees
, 'We came to thegreat, fertile Northwest farm-fresh ﬂavor! We’ll do you proud!
to build a new plant to process your Then, there will be more jobs for the
vegetables, because you grow the kind folks in this district! And we do hope
of vegetables Birds Eye packs - the you enjoy working in the modern plant
world’s finest. . " that has everything to make working
' ' ' hours pleasant. "
And you folks i have made our job an
easy one by your friendly, whole-heart- We hope you'll think of it as your plant.
~ - ed cooperation. And that it brings prosperity to all of
~ ' us! '
' Thanks, from the bottom of our hearts! ‘ . -~
And the, whole U. S. will thank you when Open House July 13 . '
they eat Birds Eye Quick-Frozen ”vege- We're planning to have “open house" at -
tables from the Blue Mountain district! the big Walh Walla plant on Saturday
- ‘ afternoon and evening, July 18. We'd
Turn‘AboutlsFair-Play! likeallourneighborstodmpinandsee .
Now that our new processing plant is just how am most modern or quick- .
- finished and operations are in full . “99sz PM“ works.
swing, we want to return your neigh
. borliness. - , Do com!
_ ’ And letussayagainhow proud weare
One way we can be good neighbors is by to have you accept us as part of the
providing new markets for the wonder- Northwest which is contributing so
’ - ful produce you raise—«and by letting much to the good of our nation. We’ll
the whole country savor them. do our best to be good neighbors!
B'dE'S’d D’” i
» Ir 5 ye- m er msmn o
i , .
. E . Bl RDS EYE .
- sumo -
. FROSTED ' FOODS _
rived Sunday tron: Portland and
left Sunday, JuLv 7. 1
Richard Mounsey Jr., of Seattle‘
ley, arrived Tuesday .and left on
ibursday July 4, after a short vis
Mr. and Mrs. Joe Filiheck of
Spokane, visited with Mr. and
Mrs. M. J. Shirado from Wednes
day till Saturday. While here the
folks attended the rodeo at Top
penishontheFourth and that eves
ningvisited in Yakima. I
Peter Schtartz, accompanied by}
his daughters Dorothy and Law
raine and son Steve andalsoMiss?
Elizabeth Schwartz, visited over 4
the week end at Grand Coulee and:
Mr. and Mrs. Ralph Muschrone
and daughter Carol of Bakersﬁeld
are visiting with Mr. and Mrs.
Sporleder of East Kennewick.
313:? are plannmg‘ on a month’s
Henry Ott has been ill the past
week with the ﬂu.
Mr. and Mrs. Mumm, who live
on the W. Preston farm east of the
SP&S depot, invite all folks out
to- view their gladiolas, to the
knowledge of this writer the cab
crop of its kind in this vicinity.
They are really a lively sight—one
3151ng call their home Glad
mmsm'mon com arm
m STATE 0!" WW. .0
June. 1946. m defend the alien “W 1
mumMnm court. and;
m the might of phlnﬂﬂ. Ind‘
dashed-Mona or n ma.
mum in the superior mag
"”.'.“ Iﬁuuull . ‘
f ‘ :. ~ ” ‘7“ ,'. , . “QTP‘I‘EWW'IV ‘’; ‘
. " " . .:_ a, . * ‘ ~ . .
z ‘. '. J 2i -' ~ ' «.1 A .
51w W ’3’,“ ‘ 3 y‘y;»; ‘f,g . ‘ ‘. r“ H V ’3 ‘ ‘ L 4. .‘M
£1“); vi:- ‘ ' ~ > 3 ‘N .. I _ .I ‘ ~'- . a
*3 ’ my: U I '‘‘-5 *3 M ' ’l’, . E ’l,
.:w. J, . \ .45 _. I‘ll V‘, '3"? t q. ..:- C 3
~_i, f .1 _ dig gig,“ .:o ‘l’, .) ‘ . ‘
.. . ~‘r a MMT‘RM , .'7 . ) a. , ~ ;. ‘«.-.__ f a
r”. ' ’“‘I&M.ML x" i 2 ./ ......- ”’7‘ ‘ ~
‘9 r S W --, \,
I *f‘;~f~~—~ m.“ ‘T . ‘.. _ ‘ , ,3 \ 2‘“; q
12% J \N‘ ;a i 3::
4, W‘ \§ ~11 ‘i- 31i
w" “19”“ “E; '1;_‘”\;?.(; u ~ ~ f I M\ " A :M
--%m .. *» ‘3? *, - ~ '
At R I
EVERYSUNDAY. NIGHT .
The West’s Most Famout Drivers Are Entermg
Halfway between Kennewick and “Y” on
, River Road
ADMISSION: General Admsslon $1.50
Regewed Seat Boxes $2.50
- . All pnces Include tax.
mm matting m
”lune-g" to; mum
FIE! ml "CE (4’
' if: («gum 99"
GOES mhm on mum mm
xml | txt