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Ill's OK ISSUE IS NOW WITH CONGRESS. The Only Hope for Relief From a Condition Which Can No Longer lie Endured In the Unforced rat ification of the Inland—Spain'* Offer of Arbitration. Washington, April 11. —President Mc- Kinley sent his Cuban message to con gress today. After reviewing the history of the war in Cuba the president says: The war in Cuba is of such a nature, that, short of subjugation or extermina tion, a final military victory for either side seems impracticable. The alterna tive lies In the physical exhaustion of one or the other party or perhaps both, a con dition which. In effect, ended the 10 years' way by the truce of Zan Jon. The pros pect of such a protraction and confusion of the present strife Is a contingency hardly to be contemplated with equanim ity by the civilized world and least of all by the United States, affected and injur ed as we are, deeply and intimately, by its very existence. Asked for an Armistice. Realizing this, it appeared to be my duty, in a spirit of true friendliness no less to Spain than to those Cubans who have so much to lose by the prolonga tion of the struggle, to seek to bring about an immediate termination of the war. To this end I submitted, on the 27th ultimo, as a result of much represen tation and correspondence through the United States minister at Madrid, proposi tions to the Spanlrfh government looking to an armistice until October 1 for the negotiation of peace with the good offi ces of the president. In addition, I asked the Immediate re vocation of the order of reconcentration, so as to permit the people to return to their farms and the needy to be relieved with provisions and supplies by the Unit ed States co-operating with the Spanish authorities so as to afford full relief. The reply of the Spanish cabinet wn« received on the 31st ult. It offers as the means to bring about peace in Cuba, to confide the preparation thereof to the In sular parliament, inasmuch as the con currence of that body would be necessary i to establish a final result; it being, how ever, understood that the powers reserved by the constitution to the central govern ment are not lessened or diminished. As. the Cuban parliament does not meet un til the fourth of May next the Spanish government would not object for its part to accept at once a suspension of hos- j tllitles If asked for by the insurgents from the general-in-chief, to whom it wculd pertain in such case to determine j the duration and condition of the armis tice. The function of the Cuban parliament in the matter of "preparing" peace and the manner of doing so are not expressed 1 in the Spanish memorandum, but from Gereral Woodford's explanatory reports of prellminiary discussions preceding the final conferences it is understood that the 1 Spanish government stands ready to give the insular congress full poyyer to settle the terms of peace with the insurgents, ; whether by direct negotiations or Indl- j rectly by means of legislation does not I appear. The End of the Effort. With this last overture In the direction of Immediate peace and its disappointing reception by Spain, the executive was brought "to the end of his effort. In my annual message of last Decem ber I said: "Of the untried measures there remain recognition of the insur gents as belligerents, recognition of the Indei»endence of Cuba and Intervention to end the war by imi>osing a rational com promise between thfe contestants and in tervention in favor of one or the other party. I speak not of forcible annexa tion for that can not be thought of. That by our code of morality would be crim inal aggression.' Thereupon, I reviewed these alterna tives In the light of President Grant's message in the words uttered in 187'», when, after seven years of sanguinary, destructive and cruel barbarities In Cuba, lie reached the conclusion that the recog nition of the independence of Cuba was Impracticable and indefensible and that the recognition of belligerence was not warranted by the facts according to the texts of public law. 1 commented especially upon this phase of the question, pointing out the incon veniences and positive dangers of recogni tion of belligerence, which, while adding to the already onerous burdens of neu trality within our own jurisdiction, could not In any way extend our Influence or effective office in the territory of hostil ities. Nothing has since occurred to change my view In this regard and I recognize as fuav now as then that the Issuance of a proclamation of neutrality, by which process the so-called recognition of bel ligerency Is published, could, of itself and unattended by other action, accomplish nothing toward the end for which we la bor, the instant pacification of Cuba and the cessation of the misery that afflicts the island. Ajralnst Rrcotßlilng Independence. Turning to the question of recognising at this time the independence of the pres ent insurgent movement in Cuba we tlnd safe precedents In our history from an early day. They are well summed up in President Jackson's message to congress December 21, 1836, on the subject of the recognition of the independence of Tex as. when he said: "In all the contests that have arisen out of the revolutions of Prance, out of dis putes relating to Portugal and Spain, out of the separation of the American pos sessions of both from the European gov ernments and out of the numerous and constantly occurring struggles for domin ion in Spanish-American states, so wisely consistent with our Just principles has been the action of our government that we have, under the most critical circum stances, avoided all censure and encoun tered no other evil than that produced by a transient re-estrangement of good will in those against whom we have been, by force of evidence, compelled to de cide. "It has thus been made known to the world that the uniform policy and practice j of the United States is to avoid all inter- ! ference In disputes which merely relate' to the internal government of oiher na tions and eventually to recognize the au thority of the prevailing party without reference to our particular interests and views or to the merits of the original con troversy. "But in this, as in every other occas ion, safety is to be found in s rigid adher ence to principles. In the contest be tween Spain and the revolting colonies we stood aloof and waited not only until the ability of the new states to protect them selves was fully established, but until danger of their being again- subjugated had entirely passed away. Then and not until then, were they recognised, j "Buch was our oourse in regard to Me* lco herself. It Is true that jelth regard to Texas, the civil authorities of /Mexico had been expelled, its Invading de feated, the chief of the republic ,himself captured and all present power to control ths newly organised government of Tex as snnlnilated within Its confinement. But, •'. ' \ on the other hand, there is, in appearance at least, an immense disparity of physical force on the side of Texas. The Mexican repuhlic under an ally is gathering its forces under a new leader and menacing a fresh invasion to recover its lost do main. "Upon the issue of this threatened in vasion the independence of Texas may be considered as suspended and were there nothing peculiar in the situation of the United States and Texas our acknowledge ment of its independence at such a crisis could scarcely be regarded as consistent with that prudent reserve with which we have hitherto held ourselves bound to treat all similar questions." Thereupon Andrew Jackson proceeded to consider the risk that there might be imputed to the United States motives of selfish interests in view of the former claim on our part to the territory of Tex. as and of the avowed purpose of the Texans in seeking recognition of inde pendence as an incident to the incorpora tion of Texas in the Union, concluding thus: l*re*ldent Jackson's Conclusions. "Prudence, therefore, seems to dictate that we should stand aloof and maintain our present attitude, if not until Mexico itself or one of the great powers shall recognize the independence of the new government, at least until the lapse of time or the course of events shall have proved, beyond cavil or dispute, the abil ity of that country to maintain separate sovereignty and to uphold the govern ment constituted by them. Neither of th<s contending parties can Justly complain of this course. By pursuing it we are but carrying out the long established pol icy of our government, a policy which has secured to us respect and influence abroad and Inspired confidence a 4 home." These are the words of Andrew Jack son. They are evidence that the United States, in addition to the test imposed by public law as the condition of the recog nition of independence by a neutral state, to-wit: That the revolted state shall "constitute in fact a body politic, having a government in substance as well as in name, possessed of the elements of sta bility," and forming de facto. "It left to Itself, a state among the nations, reason ably capable of discharging the duties of a state," has Imposed for its own govern ance in dealing with cases like these, the further condition that recognition of in dependent statehood is not due to a re volted dependency until the dangor of Its being again subjugated by its parent state has entirely passed away." This extreme test was In fact applied in the case of Texas. The congress to whom President Jackson referred the question as "one probably leading to war," and therefore a proper subject for a prev- I lous understanding with that bojly, by j whom war can alone be declared and by | whom all the provisions for sustaining; Its perils must be furnished, left the mat ter of recognition of Texas to the dis cretion of the executive, providing mere ly for the sending of a diplomatic agent when the president should be satisfied that the republic of Texas had become "an Independent state." Vim Karen's Poaitlon. It was so recognised by President Van Buren, who commissioned a charge d'af faires, March 7, 1837, after Mexico had abandoned an attempt to conquer the Texas territory end when there was at the time no bona flde contest going on between the insurgent province and its former sovereign. 1 said In my message of December last: "It Is to be seriously considered whether the Cirban Insurrection possesses beyond dispute the attributes of statehood which alone can demand the recognition of bel ligerency In Its favor." T?»e same requirement must be no less seriously considered when the graver Is sue of recognizing Independence Is In question, for no less positive test can be applied to the greater act than to the lesser, while on the other hand the in fluence and consequences of the struggle upon the International policy of the rec ognizing states, which form important factors when the recognition of belliger ency Is concerned, are secondary If not rightly eliminable factors when the com munity claiming recognition is not inde pendent beyond peradventure. Nor from the standpoint of expedience do I think it would be wise or prudent for this government to recognize, at the present time, the Independence of the so called Cuban republic. Such recognition Is not necessary In order to enable the United States to Intervene and pacify the Island. To commit this country now to the recognition of any particular govern ment In Cuba might subject us to embar rassing conditions of International obli gation toward the organization so recog nizee!. In case of Intervention our con duct will be subject to the approval or disapproval of such government. We would be required to submit to Its direc tion and to assume to It the mere relation of a friendly ally. When it shall appear thereafter that there is within the island a government capable of performing the duties and dis charging the functions of a nation and having as a matter of fact the proper forms and attributes of nationality such government can be promptly and readily recognized and the relations and Inter ests of the United States with such na tion adjusted. The Alternative Forma. There remain the alternative forms of Intervention to end the war, either as an Impartial neutrality by imposing a ra tional compromise between the contest ants, or as the active ally of the one party or the other. As to the flrst. It Is not to be forgotten that during the last few months the relation of the United States has virtually been one of friendly intervention in many ways, each not of itself conclusive, but all tending to the execution of a potential Influence toward an ultimate pacific result. Just and hon orable to all interests fconcerned. The spirit of all of your acts hitherto has been an earnest, unselfish desire for peace and prosperity In C-iba, untarnished by differences between th* United State* and Spain and unstained by the blood of American citizens. The forcible Inter vention of the United Stntes «•» a neutral to stop the war, o 1o the large dictates of i»nantty and ; following historical pruOMJ» i w;»cie otlV®*" states have interfered to check the hope\fs sac riflcc of life by inionuHine eonnVf be yond their borders, is Justifiable! on na tional grounds It Involve*, liowever, hostile constraint upon both tliF* parties to the contest, as well to enforce i truce as to guide the eventual settlem ♦. The grounds for such intervention y be briefly summarized as follows: tiruundi for Interventl* First, in the cause of humanh .ned, put an end to the barbarities, b ' ex etarvatlon and horrible miseries » the lsttog there and which the partjHiir.ng to conflict are either unable or unjer to say stop or mitigate It is no answrj another *ni» Is In a country belonging t* ur busl- ' nation and is therefore none of n*ss. Jt is especially our duty, right at our door. Second, we owe to our citizen to afford them that protectloi dernnlty for life and property government there can or will ; to that end terminate the cond deprive inem of legtil prutectlc Third, the right to interve justified by the very serious l» commerce, trade and busines pie and by the wanton de | property and devjutatton of I Fourth, and which Is o i importance, the present cor fairs in Cuba is a constant n | peace and entails upon this j enormous expenses. W |th » ! waged for years In an ' ! and with which o'" trade and buslue I liven and liberty of our citizens are in constant menace, their property de stroyed and they themselves ruin ed. when our trading vessels are liable to seizure and are seized at our very doors by warships of a foreign nation, the expe ditions of filibustering that we are pow erless to prevent altogether and the Irri tating questions thus arising—all these and others are constant menace to our peace and compel us to keen on a semi war footing with that nation with which we are at peace. The Tragedy of the Maine. The elements of danger and disorder al ready pointed out have been strikingly Illustrated by a tragic event which has deeply and justly moved the American people. I have already transmitted to congress the report of the naval court of inquiry on the destruction of the battleship Maine in the harbor of Havana during the night of the 15th of February. The de struction of that noble vessel has filled the national heart with inexplicable hor ror: 258 brave sailors and marines, two officers of our navy, reposing in the fan cied security of a friendly harbor, have been hurled to death, grief and want brought to their homes and sorrow to the nation. The naval court of Inquiry which. It is needless to say, commands the unquali fied confidence of the government, was unanimous In Its conclusion that the de struction of the Maine was caused by an exterior explosion; that of a submarine mine. It did not assume to place the re sponsibility. That remains to be fixed. In any event the destruction of the Maine, by whatever cause, is a patent and impressive proof of a state of things In Cuba that is intolerable. That condi tion is thus shown to be such that the Spanish government can not assure safety and security to a vessel of the American navy in the harbor of Havana on a mis- i sion of peace and rightfully there. Spain Want* Arbitration. Further referring, in this connection, to recent diplomatic correspondence, a dis patch from our minister to Spain of the 26th ult. contained the statement that the Spanish minister for foreign affairs assur ed him positively Spain will do all that the highest honor and justice requires In the matter of the Maine. The reply above relerred to of the 31st ult. also contained an expression of the readiness bf Spain to submit to arbitration all the differ ences which can arise in this matter, which is subsequently explained by tlie note of the Spanish minister at Washing ton of the 10th Inst as follows: "As to the question of fact which ] springs from the diversified views be- i tween the report of the American and the 1 Spanish boards, Spain proposes that the fact be ascertained by an impartial '.n --vettlgatlon by exiwrts which decision Spain acepts in advance." To this I have made no reply. President iirant Quoted. President Grant In 1875, In discussing the puri>oses of the contest as it appeared then and Its hopeless and indefinite pro longation, said: "In such «vent I am of the opinion that other nations will be compelled to as sume the responsibility which devolves upon them and to seriously consider the only remaining measures possible, media tion and Intervention. Owing perhaps to the large expanse of water separating the island from the peninsula, the contending parties appear to have within themselve j no depository of common confidence to suggest wisdom, when passion and ex citement have their sway, and thus as sume the part of peacemaker." In this view, in the eajrlicr days of the contest, the good offices of the United States as mediator were tendered in good faith, without any selfish purposes, in the interest of humanity and sincere friend ship for both parties, but were at the time di'cllned by Spain with the declara tion, nevertheless, that at a future time they would be indispensable. No Intimation has been received that In the opinion of Spain that time has been readied; yet the strife continues with all of Its dread horrors and its Injuries to the United States and other nations. Bach party seems quite capable of working great injury and damage to the other us well as to all the relations and interests dependent on the existence of peace In the island, but they seem Incapable of reaching any adjustment, and both have thus far failed of achieving any success whereby one party »hall possess and con trol the island to the exclusion of the other. What Cleveland Maid. Under the circumstances the agency of others, either by mediation or by inter vention, seems to be the only alternative which must sooner or later be invoked for the termination of the a'rife. In the last annual message of my Immediate pre decessor, during tfj pending struggle, It was said: "Wh«*n the Inability of Spain to deal successfully with the insurrection has be come manifest, and It Is demonstrated that her sovereignty is extinct in Cuba, for all purposes of its rightful existence, and when a hopeless struggle for its re establishment has degenerated into the strife which means nothing more than the useless sacrifice of human life and the utter destruction of the very subject matter of the conflict, a. situation will be presented In which our obligations to the sovereignty of Spain will be superced ed by higher obligations which we can hardly hesitate to recognize end dis charge." From the Previous Message. In my annual message to congress De cember last, speaking to this question, I said: "The near future will demonstrate whether the Indispensable condition of a righteous peace Just alike to the Cubans and Spain as well as equitable to all our Interests so Intimately couvolved in the wellare of Cuba, Is likely to be attained. If not further and other action by the United States will remain to be taken. When that time comes action will be de termined In the line of Indisputable right and duty; It will be faced without mis giving or hesitanoy In the light of the ob ligation this government owes to itself, to the people who confided to It the pro- : tectlon of their interests and honor, and to humanity; sure of the right, keeping free from all offense ourselve*. actuated by upright and patriotic considerations, moved neither by passion nor selfishness, the government will continue Its watch ful care over the rights and property of American cltlsen* and will abate none of Its efforts to bring about, by peaceful agcncies, a peace which shall be honor able and enduring. If It shall hereafter hppcar to be a duty imposed by our ob- j to fttions to ourselves, to civilisation and ] yh] humanity, to Intervene wiTVi force it onjiH be without fault on our part and : tioly because the necessity for such ac- EU in will be so clear as to command the wcPPort and approval of the civil sed I ™" «--■ ! The War Hail Stop. long trial has proved that the ob- , which Spain has waged war can J lttained. The fire of Insurrection i ne or may smoulder with varying ! but it ha* not been and it lb i at it can not be extinguished by : methods. The only hope of re- J repose from a condition which j longer be endured b the enforced J on of Cuba. name of humanity. In the name ition, in the behaif of endan- j »rlt:an interests, which give us •■nd the duty to H" «k and to | r In Cube must *lop. tlvese fat ts and the.se constd- | t. coagress to auth stui •re»M» nt to take, mo4sutvs •nation of hostilities Bpsl- the * I t*|- ItITZVILLE, WASHINGTON, APRIL 13, 1898. and the establishment of a stable govern ment, capable of maintaining order and observing Its international obligations, in suring peace and tranquillity and the se -1 curity of its citizens as well as our own, and to use the military and naval forces of the United States as may be necessary for these purposes. And In the interest of humanity and to aid in preserving the lives of the starv ing people of the island, 1 recommend that the distribution of food and supplies be continued and that an appropriation be made out of the public treasury to supplement the charity of our citizens. The Issue Is now with congress; It is a solemn responsibility. I have exhaust ed every effort to relieve the intolerable condition of affairs which is at our doors; prepared to execute every obligation Im posed upon me by the constitution and law, I await your action. Yesterday and sincc the preparation of the forgoing message official Information was received by me that the latest de cree of the queen regent of Spain dlrec.s General Blanco, In order to prepare and facilitate |>eace, to proclaim a suspension of hostilities, the duration and details of which have not yet been communicated to me. This fact with every other per tlnent consideration will, I am sure, have your careful and Just consideration In the solemn deliberations upon which you are about to enter. If this measure at tains a successful result then our aspira tions as a Christian, peace-loving people will be realized; if it fails, it will be only another justification for our contemplated action. WILLIAM M'KINLEY. Executive Mansion, Washington, April 11, 1898. DERVISHES WERE PUT TO ROUI Brilliant Attack of Aiiarlo-Kiryptiaii Force* I'ndcr Kitchener. | Cairo, April 10.—The Anglo-Kgvptian forces tinder General Sir Kitchener at tacked the Dervish position yesterday and rushed Mahmoud's zaraba, the center of his fortifications, without cheek. The at tack was entirely successful, as the Dcrv ishes lost heavily. The Sirdar's force numbered 12,000 men with 24 guns, under Colonel Long, and 12 Maxims. The enemy left Shendy with 19,000 men. The enemy was at first prac tically concealed under ground in a strong zaraba. After an hour of heavy bombard ment the brigades were formed up and carried the position at the point of the bayonet under a tremendous fire froin the enemy. The zaraba was torn away, but the enemy obstinately clung to the trenches and were bayoneted in them. During the whole admirable bombardment by Colonel Long not a single Dervish was visible. Mahmoud was captured by the Tenth Soudanese battalicn. He was un derground the whole time his men were fighting. Osinan Digna fled as usual. The enemy's guns, baggage, animals and standards were captured. Colonel Murray had his horse shot under him and was wounded in the arm. The enemy certain ly behaved with great bravery. Bashardi Redi fell at the head of his men. The au thorities call the battle the uiowt brilliant of the Soudan. THE WHECK WAS TERRIBLE Train Fell Through u Utah Trestle— Tons of Dynamite Exploded. Great Falls, Mont., April 10. — The breaking through of a 129-foot trestle, fire and an explosion of 23 tons of dynamite, all did their fearful work in the wreck of a freight train westbound on the Great Northern road Thursday evening 05 miles east of Great Falls at what is known as Dry Forks coulee. Twelve ».f the 21 cars were on the trestle when the explosion came. Kight of them were split into stove wood. The engine was completely wreck ed. A hole was dug in the earth which is described as 150 feet long, 75 feet wide and 35 feet deep. Telegraph wires were demoli h.sl s> that communie ition was not opened until Friday morning. Engineer I* Opheim, Fireman Charles Cockrell and lirakeman A. K. J. Martin were killed. Their remains were cut and terribly burn ed. Sam llennett, a stockman, was badly cut and one of his eyes was injured, ('has. I). Simpson's shoulder was broken and he was cut abcut the face. Conductor Jen kins was slightly cut. The survivors im mediately set to work to secure the re mains of the killed, which they accom plished with difficulty. Fragments of the demolished cars are said to have l>ecn scattered three-quarters of a mile. The shock was felt in Fort Benton, £0 miles away. SERVICE FEOM JEWELRY. Member* of * Brooklyn Conßrrga tlon ( ontrlbute to Be Melted. I New York. April 10.—Rev. (Jeorge C. I Carter, of the Protectant Episcopal Church J of the Redeemer in Brooklyn, wIH use f r . the first time today a golden chalice and a I communion service of solid silver. The j gold and silver have been furnished by the j member* of his congregation. Borne time j ago the rector suggested that a comrnu ; nion service could l>e obtained if the mem | beit* of the church contributed small j pieces of jewelry. The suggestion was im ! mediately acted upon, and from the gold en rings, bangles and eardrop*, silver trin kets and other articles of jewelry a mag nificent chalice and communion service were made. Vonr Men Killed. | Knoxville. Tenn., April 10. —Near Me- Station, John McGee and his son Joe : shot and killed Henry and Ernest How ■ ard and James Murrand, and mortally I wounded Tom Howard. The killing was the result of a family feud The Mcfleet (are prominent people. Ordered to Tlielr rtearlmenta. ! Washington, April 10. — Army officers j now on duty at the various institutions of ; learning throughout the country have 'been relieved from duty and will proceed !to join their regiments at * station* Z~ | which they are assigned. HmiieM the Slcthew/. New York, April 10.—A disytch to the | Herald from Rio Janeiro say £ The pews t tapers announce that the gtrTniinent bus sold the cruiser Nictheroy t Sp United States. It is stated that V® p*id fi»r this warship was $550, m NOTES OF THE NORTHWEST IDAHO,WASHINGTON, MONTANA gllirht lnjur> to Fruit and Oralu In the Inland Kinplre—Work Heuon on a Ditch on the ANotln—Re trenchment of City ft&xpeUNcn at Helena—Survey of the lllvcb Creek Canal. ! Judge Rudolph Guichard of Walla Wal i la is dead. Cowlitz county has 14 shingle and six naw mills. Eastern families are settling in Puyal lup at the rate of one and more per day. j More are coining, largely from Michigan and Wisconsin. ! The money order business of the Che !ha lis post office is grow ing. It is nearly twice as heavy now as when Mr. Lill|>op I took the office. It amounts to from $1700 to $2300 a week. Mr. Lillpop says he thinks it will soon average $2000 a week the year arouud. Wheat receipts at Tacoma for March j have amounted to 550 cars, according to I Inspector Wright's report for the month. I The total receipts to date, since Septem ber 1, amount to 9010 cars, or 7,200,008 i bushels. It is estimated that about $2.- 000,000 bushels will yet be ship|>cd before the season closes. ! Word has been received at Vancouver j of the death at Dyca of Sergeant Major ! Kelly of the Fourteenth infantry. He lied on the evening of March 19 of cere brospinal meningitis, after an illness of only three days. A letter rfom Dvea says that he was strong, robust and healthy up to the hour of being taken with the disease. At a meeting of the board of directors of the Y. M. C. A. at New Whatcom a few nights ago it was decided to employ a secretary to take complete charge of the institution for one month and see if it could not be put on a substantial enough basis to pay the running expenses of the building. For the past two weeks, or ever since the heavy frost passed over the country, there has been a general cry among a cer tain few that the fruit crop of the Inland lOmpire was mined by the frost, and that even the fall sown wheat was badly dam aged. Several of the prominent commis sion houses of Spokane, who have corre spondents in all of the tributary districts, have taken the trouble to thoroughly in vestigatc the matter, and their finding is that not only is the fruit crop n« t mate rially damaged, but that in many sections the frost was more of a help than a hin drance. John P. Anderson, more familiarly "Pete" Anderson, one of the Puget sound pioneers, died the other day at the home of his daughter, Mrs. Ix>e Rogers in Ar lington. Mr. Anderson was an old steam boat captain on the sound, and served a term several years ago as surveyor of Sno homish county. He was one of the path tinders of that county, being familiar with every square mile of its territory, and for several years has followed timber cruising and private surveying. He leaves quite a large family of children, ull grown, his wife having died several years ago. He was about 01 years old. William Jones of Walla Walla, one of the heaviest grain operators iu the Inland Kinpire, was in Taenia the other day and in conversation with a reporter said: "There is little to say concerning the wheat situation except that the winter wheat crop has come through in fine shape. We shall have an increased area in wheat of about 10 or 15 per cent over last year. There is considerable gniin yet unsold, and some of the large holders who have been very bullish since early last season are still carrying their wheat al though the price is now about 70 cents, as compared with 80 cents last fall." Idaho. A racing meeting is to be held at Wcis er beginning June 1. The O. 8. L. Railway Co. has just paid $12,000 delinquent taxes into the Blaine county treasury, as the result of a recent court decision. The tawiston Light, and Power Com pany has commenced work on the con struction of a ditch on Asotin creek. The ditch will supply power for their new plant, which will be in operation July I. The site of the power plant is 10 miles from Lewiston, in the state of Washing ton. There is a great stir in business circles at Idaho Falls, and the people there are anticipating the best season in a long time. A great many buildings are being put up and others are in contemplation. The recent influx of people into the sur rounding country has been large and the tide of settlement continues unabated. At Agatha, about eight miles above the mouth of the Potlatch, there is a market ing place for the farmers of the Cotton wood district, and aliout eight miles fur ther up is the Big canyon, through which | entrance is made to Cold Springs prairie I At this point, on the extension of the road up this canyon, will be a stimulus to the ! growing of wheat in that section. Already ! several grain companies have had their agenth along the river, looking for loca tions for warehouses, and as soon as work is started on the road that will be built up the river, the work of building ware houses will commence. There is a small band of Indians living ; | in Payette county, near the mouth of Dry ' ' Ruck, about a score in all. They have been there 12 or 14 years. Two of them j are Snake River Indians, and the rest are j Hiipposcd to be Ntf Perces. Just why fhey located at that isolated poiut is not known. The Indians themselves will not explain the matter, but the supposition is that their settling there was a result of some feud. Tao of them named Charlie, father and son, each had an eye punched out by the tribe, supposedly '<>r refusing 1 to go on the warpath at the time of the . Joseph out I >icak. The elder Charlie died I last winter, and the son is the head of the! * N settlement. There are several families, numbering all told about 20. A Boise butcher lias just been paid $50 to release a farmer from a contract to sell liiiu all his veal calves this year. Two years ago the calves were contracted at #5, last year at $0 and this year at $7. They are worth about $12. Governor Steunenberg has received of fers of services for military duty fivm a large number of men since the Spanish sit nation became acute. The men coining forward offer to serve in any capacity in which they can be useful in the event of Idaho being called upon to furnish troop* to assist in prosecuting a *.var with Spain. Montana. A Chinook farmer will plant an acre ol sugar beets for the Rozcinan exjieriment station. j Fruit men of Hamilton say that the fruit tree buds were not advanced far enough to receive injury and were in good shape to withstand the recent cold, j Helena's chief of police reports that dur ing March the department arrested 59 for violation of city ordinances and 10 for vi olating state laws. The chief collected $200 f. r dog licenses during the same pe riod. The total of the saving of expenses in j the routine departments of the city gov ernment in Helena in the. calendar year 1897, as compared with the calendar year preceding, is shown by a careful examina tion of the books of the city clerk to have lieen $20,078.40. The death rate am<>ng the wolves and coyotes of Montana is increasing. During March there were filed in the office of Sec 1 retary of State llogan county certificate" j ! aggregating $7194, or $1872 more than, I were filed in Man h. 1H97. More claims I were filed last month from Choteau coun- i tv than any other. Custer county being i second on the list and Valley county third j Dupuyer reports that the preliminary 1 survey on the Birch creek canal is pro gressing as rapidly as could lie expected, the bad weather and deep snow being | taken into consideration. The party are ( camped in Sober-up coulee, a little over ! eight miles from where the proposed ditch jis to l>e taken out of Birch creek. It is j expected that the preliminary survey will be completed in a few days. Three posts of the Grand Army, at Hel ena, Great Falls and Anaconda, together with many confederate veterans of those places, have joined in requesting that they be sent to the front, and the Montana brigade of the filiform Hank of the Knights of Pythias, through Col. Quaiie, has asked to be sent out for service. The latter organization numbers 550 men. Four coiii|ianies of the Twenty-fifth in I fantry, which have ltccn station at Fort , MUhoul* for several years, left Sunday for ;( hicksmanga and probably from there j will \h> sent to Key West or Dry Tortu gas, Fla. Other companies of the regi i inent w hicli have been stationed at As sinnnboine and Harrison will bo sent over the Great Northern to St. Paul, where the regiment will unite before proceeding south. Colonel Hurt is very proud of the record of his regiment. He says that in an experience of .'JO years he never left a gurris n before w here all men were promptly on hand when the order to march was given, and where he did not have to leave a squad to pick up drunks and stragglers. The abandonment of Fort Missoula means a loss to Missoula of fully $10,000 a in' nth. DEFENSE OF SAN FRANCISCO llarhor Will He Placed Heyond Una- Her of Invaalon. Sun Francisco, April 10. —New line* of interior defense* iiim now being built for the fortification* of thin city The army will lie prepared to fight ut the head* with the powerful 12-inch batteries ut Fort Point and Fort Ilaker on Lime Point. If through any chance of war, one or more hostile ironclad* should manage to |w»« under the outer line* of work* the fire of the interior batteries of Alcatraz, Angeli* and Gravelly Beach would re*i*t the fur ther advance of the enemy. Major Hower, in churge of the torpedo station on (Jost inland, has placed in |>osi tion an electrical apparatus for nubmarine milieu. Shore connections or torpedo easement* have been established and the mine* can therefore lie placed in the har bor whenever the hour of danger arrive*. Captain Birkheimer's llattery L, of the Third artillery, now stationed at Lime Point, have vacated the quarters belong ing to Ihe engineers and sought shelter in tents. The wooden quarters are u*ed for the working parties. A regular camp ha* been established and the work of adding strength to the interior line of work is go ing ahead with more vigor. TO GUARD NEW JERSEY S COABI Train* Held In Iteadlnen* to Traaa* port Troopa. New York, April 9.—An evening paper says that orders were issued at the Penn sylvania tailr<ad station at Jersey City yesterday that two special trains must be held in readiness Monday afternoon next to transport New Jersey troops to the sea coast. The Jersey City board of trade lias arranged to organize a volunteer reg iinent which will l>e fitted out at the board's expense. Mistaken for s Deer. Boundary, B C. # April 10.—Alfred My ers, of Seven Miles, on the Pend d'Oreille river, was shot Thursday in the left side by Frank or Frank Johnson, ns he is generally known. It is claimed the shot was accidental, l4s*ley claiming he mistook Myers* movements in the thick wo< ds for a deer. Judge Adie, the W»- neta sli|»endfeiy justice, is investigating the affsir. Myers* wound is not necessar ily dangerous, being a deep flesh incision, but not penetrating the intestines. The remains of a Koman military hos pital have recently been found near Zu rich. Five and a half ounces of grape* sre retimed »o make on# glaaa of good wine. CABINET OPPOSED TO DELAY GRANT OF AN ARMISTICE The I'll*n rniln to i Imuiir lite I'rmi «l en I'd Views on (he Nlluailwn- ItrKurilt'il mm Another .Step In tlir I'rocenn of Delay—>Tro» pa Are I.en» li>KI i>K H|INIII. Washington, April 10.—At the clone of Hie mmuiul cabinet meeting tonight it announced that the president's message I would undoubtedly go to congress tonioi I row. On the beat authority it was stated j that thfi rawting was devoted wholly to I the consideration of the message's addi j tion, necessitated by the receipt of the ! latent note from Spain advising this g«»\ I eminent of the declaration of an uncondi ! tional armistice. The suffix to the pre-»i dent's message merely recited this latent development of the S|Ntnish situation. gi\ j ing the substance of the Spanish note and j "recommending it to the earnest uttentii n of congress." Otherwise the message ! stands unchanged. After the meeting one meml>cr of the cabinet said that the Spanish note had not altered either the message or the ftitua j tion. "It is merely," said he, "what Spain has been asking for all along—more time. It does not touch the situatirta and the pre* ident's message is left precisely aa it was. merely stating the fact of thi* latest de vclopment." • In Diplomatic Circles, j Diplomatic circles in Washington were | keenly interested in the change brought about by Spain's grant of tw armistice, i The ambassadors and miniaters exchanged i calls and there was a general exchange of congratulations, as it waa felt that the armistice at least gave timq for calmer counsels. The French ambassador, &l. Cainbon, received a cable dispatch from the. foreign otlice at Paris infonning him that an armistice had been granted and was wholly without conditions. Besides seeing his associates of the diplomatic corps, the utnbassador saw Archbishop Ireland, who was instrumental in securing the influence of the pope, and joined the archbishop in expressions of satisfaction. Throughout the negotiations the French umbassador and the French government have taken a leading pail in averting an open rupture between the United State* and Spain. While the British government has been most active in seeing that the action of the powers did not assume a menacing attitude toward the United States, yet it is known that Great Britain jointa with th«* other power* in approving the latest movement of an armistice, and is hopeful that thia \%ill clear the way for a fuller settlement of the general Cuoan question. ArmlHllee linn No <'ouriltlon«. Washington, April 10.—The Spanish government, through ita minister at Washington, Sertor Polo y Bernabe, to night delivered an important oflicial docu ment to the state department, stating that the armistice which the queen re gent of Spain had commanded General Blunco to proclaim toduy was without conditions; that her majesty's govern incut had granted liberal institutions to the islund of Cuba; which the coming Cuban parliament would adopt; recalling the condolence and sympathy expressed by the queen regent and her government on disaster of the Muine and the horror this dimster had occasioned in Spanish hearts, and appealing to the courtesy and sense rf justice of the United States gov eminent to enlighten public opinion upon the attitude of Spain. The note also re |H-ats the offer of the Spanish government to submit the Maine question to experts designated by the maritime powers of the world. N|»anl*h URMhlpa Are Movlnc. London, April 10.—A dispatch to the Daily Telegraph from Gibraltar say* that the Spanish cruisers Cristobal Colon and Infanta Maria Teresa have left Qidiz for s destination undivulged, with six battal ions each 10110 strong. Additional troop*, the dispatch assert*, will leave (Vtdlz by the main steamers during the next few days for Cuba. fool for Spain'* flotilla. Philadelphia, April 10.—The British steamship llampNtead has been chartered to carry 2800 tons of coal to the Cape Verde island*, the present rendezvous of the Spani*h torpedo flotilla, ajid the cargo will be loaded either at this port or Nor folk. This circumstance is unusual, ami is looked upon a* *igniflcsnt in view of the fact that in chipping circles it can not l>e recalled when coal was ever shipped to any of the Canary inlands Heretofore sll coal shipment* for these island* nsve been *upplied from Cardiff. Other shipment* are to mpidly follow the Hampstesd'* cargo in order that the naval ntation may be well stocked before the commencement of possible hostilities when such ship ment* would lie stopped. SOONERS ON COLVILLE RESERVE Two Coin pun Ie» of Holdlrrt to Drift Off Kvery Trem»po»«er». Washington, April B.—The secretary of war hns just signed an order directing the troop* at Fort Spokane to go to tho SNfintanee of Indian Agent Anderson in keeping treHpasners off the south half of the Golville reservation. There are at present two companies of United States soldiers at Fort Spokane, numbering in all 125 men.under command of Major Mclaughlin. Immediately fcn receiving the orders telegraphed by Secre tary Alger, Major Mclaughlin is expected to place both companies in marching trim, leave only a* many men at the fort as are deemed neee*sary for a guard, and cross the Spokane river into the reservation. The Russian scepter is of solid gold, three feet long, and contains among its ornament* 208 diamonds, .KM) rubies and 16 emeralds. There are more than 2000 German waiters in the hotels and restaurants of t> ados. NO. 11.