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OF NEWS SHORT CONCISE ITEMS FROM DISPATCHES. NEARLY ALL PART# OF THE WORLD REPRESENTED HEREWITH. Deputy Warden Bourke of the Brit ish Columbia penitentiary at New Westminster has been relieved of duty, it is stated, as a direct result of the escape of Bill Miner from that Insti tution in the prison for 12 years and retires with a pension of $1000 per year. Comptroller of the Currency W. B. Rldgely has decHned the presidency of the Mercantile National bank of New York. Secretary Root, Mrs. Root and Miss Root have arrived in Washington from the visit to Mexico. The secretary was looking well. The Nebraska state railway commis sion has received a letter from the In terstate commerce commission declin ing to allow return transportation to stockmen. One man was killed and 10 other persons were injured in a head-on col lision between two suburban passenger trains on the Chicago & Northwestern railroad near Grand avenue in Chicago Saturday. A perplexing situation is being faced by the New York bankers and finan ciers who are trying to straighten out the affairs of the Mercantile National bank, and to divorce It completely from any association with F. Augustus Heinze, its former president. Hartford, Conn.—A machine used in the manufacture of illuminating gas from petroleum in a small structure on the bank of the Farmlngton river, in the upper village, exploded recently with terrific force and Thomas O'Con nell, the maker of the gas, and his as sistant, Michael Donsvan, were instant ly killed and George Gagnon, a helper, was seriously hurt. SLAYB IN CROWDED STREETCAR Conductor Bhooti, and Bullet* Find Billet*. San Francisco, Oct. 20.—As a re sult of trouble over a transfer slip on a Polk street car of the United Railroads system Saturday evening, one man was shot and killed, another so seriously wounded that death will - probably ensue, and two other men less severely injured. The slain man was Charles Moss, aged 34 years, a hodcarrier by occupation. Otto P. Enerwein was shot through the neck and left eye and will probably die. John Monger, a hodcarrier, was shot through the left hand. Bernard Goldstein was shot through the right leg; Joseph Steffens will probably lose the sight of his left eye, which was filled with shattered glass. The conductor of the car, E. H. Brown, and the motorman, E. A. Pur cell, are at the city prison and will be charged with murder. The con ductor did the shooting. During the quarreel over the trans fer slip, some one threw off the trolley pole and the car came to a standstill. The stoppage of the car, coupled with a noise in the rear, led Motorman Pur cell to believe that his mate was in danger and, revolver In hand, he pushed his way through the crowded passengers. Women and children were thrown into a panic and a mad rush was made to escape. Women trampled upon children, and windows were broken by the affrighted passen gers, whose hysteria and fears were Increased when the shooting began. TO HABTEN LAND FRAUD CABES Northwest Trial* Lag Too Long for Patience. It is known that the general land office has many cases Involving Illegal entries in the Pacific northwest, which have been recommended to the depart ment ef Justice for action, over which some officials think there has been undue delay in getting the cases into court for trial. In some Instances in dictments were returned more than three years ago and the defendants have never yet faced a jury. It i* be lieved a mild protest ha* been regis tered with the department of justice against the delay in trying case* so long pending. Indictments have been pouring in in many states and the dockets are rapidly filling. The inten tion has been announced to prosecute Idaho cases vigorously, yet In Ore gon there are case* which have been pending since 1103. Conferences have been held here during the past week, Indicating that efforts are being put forth to get these and other case* to trial, so Intense activity may be looked for In many state* by the special and regular attorneys for the government. Europa Eclipse* Lusltanla. Hamburg. Oct. 22.—The giant steamer that English ship builders are to construct for the Hamburg-Ameri can line will be named the Europa. She will be of 68,000 tons, as against the 32,500 of the Lustltanla. Incidentally, It Is stated that the Europa probably will be the last Ger man line steamer to be built In Eng land, as the new Vulcan yards, which are to take this work, will be com pleted before the construction of the proposeJ sister ship of the Europa is authorized. DOEB NOT BOOM HIMSELF. Hughe* Makes Declaration of Attitude Toward Nomination. Governor Hughes has made a dec laration of his attitude toward the presidential nomination, when In the course of an address at a dinner given In his honor by the republican club, he said: "I do not seek any public office. I have not sought, nor shall I seek, di rectly or indirectly, the selection or the vote of any delegate to any con vention, and with reference to the election of any delegate to any con vention, there will be no suggestion or thought of induencee, protest or re prisal In the executive chamber." Additional significance was given his speech by reason of the fact that he took occasion to refer to his posi tion In regard to the fusion of the re publicans and the Independence league on the New York county ticket. In this particular he said: "Talking in this personal vein, I may say that I have steadfastly refrained from becoming associated in any man ner with factional controversies. I have no connection or interest in the ambitions or efforts of revivals for political preferment or political lead ership in any locality or In the state at large. I desire to see party activi ties conducted honorably, the free ex pression of popular choice, and to have the party organization represent the untrammeled wish of the members of the party, without any interference on the part of the executive. To this end I have favorad the adoption of a plan for direct nominations and have fa vored a permissive bill so that the plan could have a fair trial in the communities where It has the support of public sentiment. It is of great importance, in my Judgment, that the discharge of the duties of the govern orship should not be embarrassed by attempts at political management. "I do not aim to be a party boss. I want simply to be governor during my term." PEACE CONFERENCE IS OVER Barbosa and Von Biebersteln Shine Most Clearly. London —The Hague peace confer ence Is over. Some of the delegates have already started for home. Since June 15, when the conference opened, two of the 225 delegates have come conspicuously to the front as real statemen. One Is Ruy Barbosa of Brazil, the other Baron Marshal von Biebersteln of Germany. Barbosa came to The Hague un known. He won his reputation by the skill with which he championed the smaller powers' cause. Von Biebersteln was the man chosen to wreck the compulsory arbitration proposition, and he looked after the kaiser's interests well. His reward will be the German ambassadorship to England when Prine Metternich retires. Barbosa is expected to be the next president of Brazil. He Is vice president now. The British delegation took the booby prize. Sir Edward Frye, Sir Henry Howard and Lord Reay planned to run the conference, blacklisting any antl-unlversal arbitration power as a menace to the world's peace. They were repeatedly out-maneu vered by Von Biebersteln, and return ed home with less prestige than when they arrived. # WITH $10,625,000,000 CAPITAL. Amount Concerned In Production of Fleth Food. A capital of $10,625,000,000 Is directly concerned in the raising of meat ani mals and their slaughtering and pack ing, according to a report on meat sup ply issued by the department of agri culture. This amount Is five-sixths as large as all the capital invested In manufacturing In 1904. The stock of meat animals has increased since 1840, but has not kept pace with the in creased population. The report adds: "That meat consumption per capita has declined in this country since 1840 Is plainly indicated." How Important meat Is In the diet of different countries is shown in the following meat consumed per capita In 1904, In dressed weight: United States, 185 pounds; United Kingdom, 121 pounds; Australia, 263 pounds; New Zealand, 212 pounds; Cuba, 124 pounds; Prance, 79 pounds; Belgium, 70 pounds; Denmark, 76 pounds; Swed en, 62 pounds; Italy, 66 pounds. PEACE TALK, $3,000,000. Coat Include* 317 Dinners at The Hague. The Hague, Oct. 23. —Now that the international peace conference has closed it is Interesting to study some of the figures which have been pre pared on the cost of the four months' session. The general expenses of all the delegates are estimated at $2,970, 000, of which $523,000 was spent to pay the cost of 317 dinners. The amount spent by the various delegations, the press associations and Individual news papers for telegraphic tolls amounted to $225,072. More than a million words of press matter concerning the conference were sent out. Ban on Week-End Wedding*. Bishop Canevin placed the ban on Saturday and Sunday marriages of Ro man Catholics In the Pittsburg dio cese. Ouly by his permission can mar riages be celebrated on the two named days. This order is the result of many scenes of dfoorder, often ending in bloodshed, at the weddings of foreign ers. but will apply with equal force to English-speaking Catholics. OUT PUT OF GOLD YEAR 1906 PRODUCED ENORMOUS AMOUNT. SILVER PRODUCTION EQUALED THAT OF PRECEDING YEAR. George E. Roberts, who retired from the position of director of the mint on August X, 1907, has completed compila tion of the statistics on production of gold and silver in the various states and territories of the United States for the calendar year 1906. Mr. Roberts estimates the production of gold in the United States during the calendar year 1906 to have been 194,373,800, as against $88,190,700 for the calendar year 1905, a net gain in 1906 of $6,193,- 110. The principal gain was In Alaska, which amounted to $6,439,500. Ne vada's gain in gold w«b $3,919,500, Ore gon's $75,200, Tennessee $22,300, Ari zona, $55,800 and Virginia $5300. The greatest loss of gold in any state was in Colorado, where there was a de crease of $2,766,700. The next largest loss shows Montana, with a loss of $367,300. California lost $364,200, Washington $267,000, Idaho $300,000 and Wyoming $18,000. The total num ber of Bne ounces of gold produced was 4,565,330. The total production of silver in the United States during the calendar year Ifo6 was given as 56,517,9uu fine ounces of the commercial value of $38, 256,400, as against 56,101,600 fine ounces of the commercial value of $34,- 221,976 in 1905. The net gain in the production of silver during the calen dar year 1906 In Arizona was £63,500 ounces, California, 135.500, It'aho 710,- 600 and Utah 1,188,200. The loss in the production of silver during the year in Montana was 914,400 ounces and in Colorado 495,400 ounces. The average price of silver for the calendar year 1905 was $0,617 an ounce, as against $0.67531 for the cal; cndar year 1906. The approximate distribution made by Mr. Roberts of the production of the states and territories of gold and sliver for 1906 is as follows: Gold fc..ver, fine State— value. ounces. Alaska $21,305,100 203,500 Vrizona 2,747,100 29,689,200 California 18,832,900 1,517,900 Colorado 22,934.400 12,447,400 daho 1,035,700 8,836,200 Montana 4,522,000 12.500,300 Nevada 9,278,600. 5,207,600 Jew Mexico .. 266,600 4 53,600 )regon 1,320.100 90,700 Itah 5,130,900 11,508,000 Washington .. 103,000 42,1 SO Wyoming 5,700 1,100 WRECK KILLS TWO i HEAD-ON COLLISION AT PENDLETON, ORE. ' ACCIDENT OCCURRED ON SHARP CURVE IN WILD HORBE CANYON. Pendleton, Ore., Oct. 20. —A dis astrous bead-on wreck on the Pasco- Pendleton branch of the Northern Pa cific railroad occurred two miles north ' of Pendleton Bhortly before noon Sat urday. A* a result of the accident, Fire man Charles Bennett is dead, Engi neer O. W. Wise is badly injured, while Express Messenger Prfngle Is hurt about the head. The wreck occurred on a sharp curve in Wild Horse can yon. The southbound branch mixed train was running swiftly down grade to ward Pendleton and met a lone en gine, No. 1366, headed north. The en gines crashed together on the curve just a moment after the engineers saw the danger, making It Impossible to jump. The engine of the mixed train was smashed to splinters, the rear end being jammed half way through the head of the freight car. Engine 1366 was likewise badly shat tered, but, as It was running back ward, It made the position of the en glnemen less hazardous. Following the wreck, No. 1366 coasted a half mile down the track before being stopped. The mixed train carried two passenger coaches well filled. The passengers were badly Jarred, but none were Injured. Fireman Bennett was. caught In the cab, both legs being badly crushed and otherwise terribly injured. He died at St. Anthony's hospital at 7 o'clock in the evening. Engineer Wise was not seriously hurt, but Engineer Howe, on the northbound engine, was struck In the head, causing him to rave sev eral hours. The wreck was caused through mis take on the part of Engineer Howe, he had orders to take his engine north, and left at 11 o'clock, Intend ing to run to the siding near Helix and pass the southbound train. On Fridays the mixed train makes a side trip to Athena, reaching here at 12:30, whereas, on other days It arrives at 10:30. Howe left, believing the day was Friday. CAN SEE NOTHING BUT CHANLEIt The Press Agents at New York Are Very Gleeful. Lewis Stuyvesant Chanter is going to have things all his own way at the next democratic national convention, so his enthusiastic press agents sa>. Here is the program these press agents have mapped out: Date of convention, second week in June. Place, Chicago. Temporary chairman, Governor Hoke Smith of Georgia. Permanent chairman, former Secre tary of State Richard Olney. Chairman of next national commit tee. former Senator Turner of Spokane, Wash. Secretary of same, Frank H. Mor gan. Washington newspaper man. Sergoant-at-arms of convention and committee. "Billy" Watson of Tam many hall. To the woods. Chairman Taggart, Secretary Woodson and Sergeant-at- Arms Martin of the present national committee. Victory, Tuesday after first Monday ii November, 1908. Chanler rooters profess great glee over the Ryan traction merger expose. They say it has done their candidate a world of good. Ryan never liked Chanler, they ex plain, but had planned to give Parker or former Governor Francis of Mis souri the nomination. Under the circumstances the press agents don't believe any one will pay any attention to what Ryan wants. MINES AND MINING. The old Pilot Bay smelter near Nel son, B. C„ built in 1890, is being torn down, much of the machinery being used in the Blue Bell mine. The Dominion Copper company, though it has closed Its smelter, will continue the work of enlarging its plant, though the mines will remain closed while the copper market is In Its present condition. The big ledge on the Mlzpah mine in the Hcodoo district, Idaho, has been cut at considerable depth by a 425-foot crosscut. At last accounts four feet of rich ore was opened up, the second wall not yet being In sight. The Hewitt Mining company, operat ing the famous Hewitt mine In Brit ish Columbia, has decided to adopt the electro-cyanide process Invented by John R. Parks of Spokane. The pro cess. Is said to save 90 per cent of values. There Is much speculation among mining men of Spokane as to whether or not F. Augustus Helnze has taken up his $200,000 option on the big Mc- Klnley copper mine In Franklin camp, British Columbia. A gigan'ic mining deal, said to in volve an pendlture of at least $8,- 000,000, h just been consummated, It is stated, whereby Charles Sweeny, the Spokane millionaire, has sold to the Guggenheim insterests the famous Big Buffalo jnine in the Buffalo Hump district In central Idaho. In the Coeur d'Alenet. It Is reported that 27 of the men have beeen laid off at the Pittsburg mine on Nine Mile creek. It Is reported that stringers of rich ore are being cut in the long lower tunnel on the Snowstorm property. Harry Bordwell has purchased of Joseph Qulrke all interest In the Home Fraction lode claim on Placer creek. The consideration la unknown. A contract has been let for a 250- foot extension of the 600-foot lower tunnel on the Silver cAle property. All winter supplies are laid In. The Snowstorm leaching plant has been closed down, and about 59 men have been discharged. The force at work In the mine remains the same. The Belmont Mining company has let to John Mlchels a contract for a 50- foot extension of the drift on Its property. The tunnel is In about 600 feet. The Pandora company has yet 600 feet to go with ita lower tunnel before the ledge will be cut. The rock in the face of the crosscuts, however, heavi ly mineralized. It ia'reported that a deal Is pending for the leasing of the upper workings of the Bell mine near Gem. Much rich ore Is exposed in the upper work ings, but pay ore has not yet been found at depth. Eaatern Oregon Mines. Development work at the Golden Fleece mine on Beaver creek, Grant county, has been suspended until after the first of the year. J. B. Wetherell has a force of 15 men at work at his Gold Center placers, building a new ditch, which will great ly increaae the water supply. At least two men will be employed at the Monumental mine near Granite all winter, retlmberlng the old work ings and putting the property into shape for active work in the spring. A. J. Dickson Is already packing next summer's supplies to his Glade creek placers on North Fork, hauling being easier at this time of year than in the spring immediately after the snow is gone. Slade Is New N. P. Manager. The resignation of Harry J. Horn, asi general manager of the Northern Pacific railroad, and the appointment of George T. Slade, son-in-law of J. J. Hill, to succeed him, Is officially an nounced. Fight for Life of King. Vienna, Oct. 20.—Emperor Francla Joseph has now been ill nearly three weeks and while he has made some Improvement, his condition is not en tirely satisfactory. Seed Corn Bflevlloa, That pretty cars are not always the tiest seed corn has been shown by the experiments at the Ohio Station. They selected twenty-four extra tine ears,nil of the same variety. The seed of tliesi' were planted, each ear In a row by It self, and thinned to three stalks ill a bill, so that each ear had the same ohance as Its neighbor. One ear out of the twenty-four yielded at the rate of 114 bushels per acre, another 112 and a third 104 bushels, while other ears made fifty-five, sixty-five and seventy seven bushels per acre. The row that made the smallest yield had fifty-eight barren stalks. The row next to the highest had fifteen barren stalks, and the row that made sixty-five busn«ls had fifty-two barren stalks. The cars were all of equal appearance and of equal germinating quality. The re sults show very pl.-hily that what we have been for years Insisting upon, that the breeding of corn In the field, the removal of disturbing Influences about it, and the working toward an Id.'al plant as a whole, a plant of productive character rather than big ears, are all of far more inqwirtance than the sejec tlon of fine ears by the score card withobt any knowledge of the breeding of the corn. Selection of the largest ears tends towardslngle-earproductlon, for It Is a law of nature that when we Increase the size of the Individual- fruit of any plant we will decrease the num ber of fruits, and when we Increase the number we decrease the size of the individual fruits. Itut It has also been shown that a stalk with two or more medium-sized ears of corn will make more corn than a stalk with one big ear. In a test made for the yield of grain, one snmple was from a sin gle-eared plant, one from a two-eared one, one from a three-eared one and one from a four-eared one, and the quantity of corn shelled Increased ex actly with the number of ears on the plant. The breeding In the fleld to breed out barren stalks Is the essential matter In developing the productive character of the corn, and the liest car* are merely relative and not by any means the largest. Simple fHanglitfrlnK Outfit. Figure 1 shows a big galvnnlxed Iron washttih set u|k>ii a few bricks piled up for the occasion. A small Are can be no. I—TUU urn IILATINU WATES. built beneath,which will,of course,melt off the coating of zinc on the bottom of the tub, but this will do no great barm. Such a tub costs about 75 cents, and can lie purchased anywhere. Fig. 2 Is the table and hogshead for TIG. 2. —SLAUOIITEatNQ TAtItJC AND VAT. scalding und taking oil hair, scraping, etc. rio. 3—fsa ajewobk fob SMOKE OL'TFIT. Fig. 3 !h the framework on which to build the smoking box. Potatoes for Plaatlav. In digging f>otatoes, known to be pure seed and of the same variety, fre quent variations may often be noticed. Some of these nre due only to differ cnces of soil, but others nre true "sports/ 'and will reproduce their kind If planted another year. If these "sports" are usually productive and valuable they should be carefully «aved for planting. In this way some if the best varieties of potatoc* have Ween originated, one or two kinds of .►te rose iK'lntf prominent instances. r Strawberrlea. The strawberry propagates Itself In' two ways—«by runners and by seed. If the runners are kept from rooting, the; vine will make an effort to reproduce' ! Itself from seed (production of berries). In the spring, and some horticulturist* have given as their opinion that if the vines are not allowed to throw out run-' ners In the summer there will be no loss of vitality by the old plants, and B the matter intended to l»e converted In to runners will be stored In the plants and converted Into fruit when the proper time arrives. The first thing to do after harvesting the crop Is to thor oughly clean between the rows and pull out the weeds between the plants In the rows, so as to give the beds Iho benefit of the hoe ns much as possible. Moisture is always beneficial to straw berry plants, and the ground Should bo worked deep at first anil then kept loose on the surface until late in the fall, when the vines may be mulched. Burning the beds should be done when the ground Is frozen. This, It Is claim ed, will enable the plants to begin anew In the spring, the old plants being' thereby Invigorated, the ashes provid ing potash, and the sc<m!s of weeds de stroyed. Loaves, straw or other ma terials may be placed over the plants before winter sets In, to remain as a mulch until early In the spring. Fer tilizer is applied both Just after har vest ami enrly In the spring. Potted plants are runners that are grown In pots, close to the parent plants, each runner being separated from Its parent when It Is well rooted In the pot. It Is transplanted from the pot to the open ground. Coal Aaliea. In one ton of ashes from bituminous coal are 8 pounds of potash, 0 jtounds of phosphoric acid, 08 pounds of Mine * and a large proportion of waste mat ter. Coal ashes are said to be about n equal to clay, and are nearly of the same composition. They possess little or no value as a fertilizer, but servo p to assist light, sandy sells to retain * moisture, answering the same purpose " as clay. The percentage of potash and * phosphoric acid contained Is too small ' In quantity to pay for hauling and p spreading coal ashes on the ground as ' a fertilizer. If any benefit Is derived * It Is due to the mechanical effect of the " ashes on the soil and as an absorbent 1 material. e t Storing Potatoes. y There Is more loss storing potato#* than in storing any other crop. Barring all waste from rot, there Is a heavy shrinkage, both In quantity and weight, n A bin holding KM) bushels will show a p shrinkage of nearly one-tenth, besides a e greater loss in weight. A bushel basket - full that will weigh fully sixty pound* in October, when taken from the soil, will not weigh so much after being stored in the cellar during tiie winter. The shrinkage In weight Is much less when kept In pits closely covered with earth, for there is then less chance for evaporation. Harae Urt-iMllu*. To a careful observer II In ''lonr that t horses are now l) (, tter classified than n formerly. Tliuh the horse Unit In bent ( adapted to road purposes Ik placed nt , such work, nnil the horse (hat la suited best to the plow mill heavy luiullng has, r lih own proper work unsigned. Ilcnce - the advantage of breeding for a pur pose. The innn who iiiuki'H the best success of rearing homes In the one who elearly understands the situation, and breeds what if most deniable for his customer*. Ora.lnv on Rrt, The prsctb-e of turning cows on young rye In the full la a good one, but when tbe gtaund la very wet damage may result. Graxlng the rye cauaea It to stool, and the young rye provides late green food; but, while tlie rye field may be used for cows In the fall, they should not l>e turned on too early la the spring. It does not do so much . harm for cows to change from grass to ' rye, aa It does from dry food In tba spring to young rye. Krcp Bhpc,. Kvery farmer should have s few sheep, In order to save mtn-h of the ma terial grown that may be wasted. Sheep will eat a great many plants which cat tle reject, and they graze closer to the ground. Young and tender weeds are delicious to sheep, and they, therefore, assist In ridding the fields of such pests. A small flock of mutton sheep should be kept, If for no other purpose tban to supply tbe family with choice meat. Kmplbi A.lmla In Coadltloa. If the animals are allowed to run ' down In flesh It will be a loss to the , farmer, as be Is then compelled to re store them to tbelr original condition before he makes a gain. At the same time, there Is a wasle of many daya, 1 as tbe animals are below their normal condition, which Is lost time that can . never be regained. Fred In ir Cabbage to Poultry. The small and Inferior cabbages are ■ valuable as food for poultry, and will lie highly relished In winter wh-n green food Is scarce. They are easily bandied, ns tbe heads require no cut ting, the fowls picking them to pieces and consuming tbem down to tbe stalk.