Newspaper Page Text
The Independent Xs Published every Thursday. Vi. Brnox Daniels, Editor and Proprietor. Terms of Subscription: Per annum, when paid in advance $ 2 00 If not paid before the expiration of tlx month* 9 50 Six months, when paid in advaucc 1 25 Rates of Advertising. One square, ten lines or less, first inser tion $2 on Each subsequent insertion per square.. 100 Advertisements inserted three months or longer periods at liberal rates by special con tract. Legal notices will be charged to the attorney or ol&cer authorizing their insertion. Advertisements sent from a distance, and transient notices, must be accompanied by the •ash. Notices of births, marriages and deaths in aerted free of charge. Newspaper Decisions. I. Any person who takes a paper regularly Trom the post-ottlce, whether directed in his name or another's, or whether he has sub scribed or not—is responsible for payment 2. If a person orders his paper discontinued, he must pay all arrears, or tho publisher may continue to send it until payment is made, ami then collect the whole amount, whether the paper is taken from the oiUYc or not :i. The courts have decided that refusing to Uku newspaper* and periodicals from the post ortlcr, or removing and leaving them uncalled for, is prima facia evidence of intentional fraud. JOSEPH M. FLETCHEK, Attorney and Counsellor At Law. Office up stairs in Sohns A Sehtiek's build ing Main street Vancouver, W. T. Particular attention given to convey, auclng aud the examination i>f laud titles. W. BYRON DANIELS, Attorney At Law aad Votary Public. Rooms st the Inoepem>snt Ofllcc, Vancou ver, W. T. ty Particular attention given to convey aueing aud the examination of land titles. M. FLINN, M. D., Physician aad Surgeon. Office one door west from the Drug Store. Residence on Reserve street, between 4th and sth streets. CalU promptly answered day or night Portland and Vancouver Packet. The Steamer VANCOUVER, Jaa. T. Gray, Master. WILL MAKE DAILY TRIPS BETWEEN Vancouver and Portland, Sunday* ex rented. 1-eave Vancouver at 8 a. m., return- In ' leave Portland 't A r. m., from Gold emit'ii'* Central Wharf, foot of Alder street. For froigut or passage apply on board. JOB PRINTING. The undersigned having purchased the printing material of Jos. A. C. Brant, is pre pared tti do all kinds of plain and ornamental work at the lowest cash rate*. OOJcc at Judge Winder's residence. South west corner Maiu and Seventh streets, Van couver, W. T. >*ll ordar* with ma will rac«ivt prompt tttan tion, John H. Uiuctor. Select School FOR GIRLS. Kiss A. Looaais, Principal, and Teacher of English, Latin and French. Maw. K. M. Vieholsoa. Teacher of Mu sic. Rata of Tuition: (Per session of ten weeks.) Primary Department. #0 00 Higher English 8 00 Latin, (extra) 3 00 touch, (extra) a 00 Instrumental Music 14 00 Use of Piano * 0© Application stay bs aaads to Miss Loostls, at Ihe aWtorr. HERE SHALL THE PRESS THE PEOPLE'S RIGHTS MAINTAIN, UNA WED BY INFLUENCE AND UNBRIBED BY GAIN. Vancouver, Washington Territory. Thursday. July 26, 1877. Teachers' Institute at St Helens. The Teachers' Institute for the Fourth District of Oregon, composing the counties of Washington, Clacka mas, Multnomah, Columbia and Clat sop, convened at St. Helens, Colum bia County, last Tuesday, and con tinued two days. A permanent organization was ef fected by electing T. A. Mcßride, President; F. A. Moore, Secretary; Mrs. N. E. Morse and Miss Jennie Meeker, Assistant Secretaries, and S. C. Ailains, of Salem, Chaplain. All teachers from abroad were made honorary members of the Insti tute. Dr. L. L. Rowland, State Superin tendent, and S. C. Adams, of Salem, were present, and assisted materially in making the work of the lastitute profitable. The forenoon of the first day was mostly consumed in organizing and registering the names of those pres ent. Dr. Rowland entertained the Insti tute upon the object of institutes and the advancement that Oregon had made in the school work since his re collection —a period of thirty-three years. S. C. Adams made a favorable com parison of the school work iv Oregon, with that of other States. Other speeches, of a general char acter, were made, and after music by the the Institute adjourned to meet for active work at two o'clock P. M. In the afternoon the subjects of OKIHOOUAI'IIY AND METHODS OK SPELLING were discussed. F. A. Moore made the opening speech, and ottered many good suggestions. He believed in sight culture rather than ear culture in spelling, and urged the importance of diversity of methods to secure the pupil's attention, and rivet the words in his memory. Among the methods he proposed were the following: Ar range numbers on the blackboard, and let the pupils spell by number; pronouncing the words and calling the numbers indiscriminately; thus compelling the pupil to heed the ex ercise closely, or go to the foot of the class for noii-attention; also, let the pupils write the names of different classes of things, thus teaching them to think as well as to spell; and for advanced scholars a good method is to have ruled paper for each pupil to write the words of the lesson, the de fination of each, and a sentonce con taining each word. Dr. Rowland thought that ear cul ture, or spelling by sound, should not be depreciated. He had noticed that country pupils are often better spel lers than city pupils; suggested the combination" of as many profitable ex ercises as possible in all studies. The oral system of spelling combines pro nunciation, articulation, diction, etc. Mr. Daniels, Superintendent of Schools of Clarke County, for the purpose of introducing the subject, spoke favorably of the IMiOSKTIC SYSTEM, the art of spelling by sound. Dr. Rowland thought that while this system possessed some advan tages, the balance of argument was decidedly against it. By this system it would be as difficult to tell how to pronounce words as under the old system, and besides that we should lose the whole system of etymology by changing from the old system to the new. Speaking of methods of spelling, the Dr.called a class of nine ffirls from the audience and gave il ustrations of his methods for secur ing the attention of pupils, and other wise attaining excellence in this de partment of school work. Geo. YV. Mcßride objected to the Khonetic system, because it would reek into the natural order of lan guage growth; that language was of slow growth and necessarily carried along, in its construction from age to age, the symbols aad reminders of historical facts. The science of philology, as pertaining to the Eng lish language, would be practically overturned by such a radical change in the construction of the English language. His remarks were received with favor by the Institute. Miss Florence Smith spoke favor ably of both the oral and written methods of teaching orthography; taught her pupils to write at an early age, and always endeavored to diver sify the spelling exercises. Mrs, Morse said she adopted both the oral and written systems; that Mr. Moore had made suggestions new to her, which she should test. S. C. Adams then spoke of the methods adopted in the public schools of Cincinnati. Miss Minnie Hathaway read an es say on "Physiology in the Public Schools." It contained some good suggestions, and as it is short and to the point, it is published elsewhere in this paper. INSTRUCTION IX PRIMARY READING. This subject was introduced by Miss Florence Smith. In her schools she put pupils at writing or printing at six years of age, and combined it with their earliest reading lessons. She invariably gave short lessons and required a complete mastery of th< before proceeding farther in the book. Her third reader classes had bul four or five verses for a lesson, ai id they were compelled to write. Dr. Rowland said there was a g at deal to be gained in reading by sound. The ear should be trained as well as the eye. As an illustration of a method for sharpening the sense of hearing, and also for riveting the at tention of pupils, he called a class of girls and pronounced words to them rapidly, to be spelled rapidly and without pronouncing the syllables or the word. F. A. Moore suggested variety in reading; objected to the arrangement of school readers, and would intro duce the newspapers and other enr rent literature into the reading class es. "Variety was the spice of life," and if a class would be advanced ra pidly no means should be lost to claim the attention and awaken the interest of the pupil. Homer Hathaway favored thorough work in reading; it was of the utmost importance. He generally required his pupils to "camp" by the lessog un til it was learned. The President asked for suggestions relative to the "sing-song"' tone in reading, often so common among pu pils. Dr. Rowland thought one of the causes of this fault was that pupils were advanced too rapidly from one book to another. They drawled out their words because they could not quickly apprehend their pronunciation and meaning, the same as a speaker will often drawl his words because not knowing on the instant what to say next. 'Miss Smith thought that variety in reading would help to prevent the "simr-sono-" tone. Recommended reading in concert. The "Query Box" was next opened ami both instruction and amusement derived from the questions drawn out. At the evening session, the attend ance was large. After music by the choir, the welcome address was de livered by Mrs. N. K. Morse, respond ed to by Homer Hathaway. Miss Annie Hovt read Carleton's poem "The Editor's Guests," after which Eugene Seinple, Esq., was in troduced, who read an able on the "Constitution in our Public Schools." A song, "Oh, Could 1 Teach the Nightingale," was sung by Mrs. Yeargain and Mrs. Giltner. Mi*s Minnie Perry read a poem entitled, "The Lips that Touch Liquor Shall Never Touch Mine." Mr. Moore, read "John Maynard," which was de cidedly the best reading of the occa sion. *The comic "Maud Multa" was read by Geo. Mcßride. Mrs. Gilt ner'a Chronicles of a Fourth of July picnic waa highly enjoyed. The evening exercisea closed with music. SECOND DAY. After the opening exercises the sub ject of TARDINESS was taken up, presented by Dr. Row land. He objected to tb%ayttem of tardy marking because its tendency seemed to be to make pupils punctual, not from principle so much as from fear of having the number of tardy marks read on the last day of school. Mr. Fenton, of Yamhill County, and G.\Y. Meßride, made appropriate remarks on this subject, suggesting examples of punctuality as being bet ter than precepts. Miss Florence .Smith gave presents for punctuality, ami always, as early in the term as possible, visited the parents of the pupils and talked with them about having their children punctual. The State Superintendent pronounced these suggestions excel lent. Mrs. Morse adopted both these in centives in her school, fear and prin ciple; found she could not depend en tirely upon either plan; both were good. To attain absolute punctuality' the teacher would have to go round and get breakfast in some families. GEOGRAPHY AND DBA WING was elucidated by F. A. Moore. His address was replete with good sug gestions. He said : proper way to study geography is to proceed tfom the known to the unknown; beginning with the geography of the country adjacent to the SChool-SOUSe, and gradually enlarging to take in the whole world, lie advocated object teaching and simple d< i i mstrationa, rather than abstract definitions. The subject of ABJ i iiMin ie was introduced by \V. Byron Daniels, who was followed by Dr. Rowland and others of the Institute, discussing the various methods of teaching tlu?- important study. It was finally de cided that while it is a good thing to commit rules to memory, analysis a:id demonstration should precede i very thing else. Thorough analysis of of every proposition is the true study of arithmetic. AFTKKN 00 N* SESSIO N. The Bubject of oral grammer and language lessons was presented by Miss Florence Smith. Homer Hut haw a v recited the "Ship wreck.'' The subject of compulsory educa tion was discussed at some length hy the State Superintendent end others. This was followed by select reed _ by Miss Florence Smith and Abbte 1 jonser. The "Query Box* elicited considerable discussion, especially Ofl the Modes of punishment. TIIK KVF.MNO SatSSIOJI began with select readings by various roung ladies, Geo. VV\ M< Bride then delivered sn s4drceaoa the sub ject of "Sectarian Education." His thoughts were pertinent, sound end strictly logical. His rOSttmS of his torical facts hearing upon the subject were both concise and comprehend -, c. Then followed songs and recttetiotaS, after winch Mai. B. G. Adam- recited a poena entitled H Oregon.' T. A. Mcßride then read the M chapter of the Book of Chronicles, al ter which the follow ing: ievolutions were adopted bjf the institute: Resohod. fhal the thanks of UtiS Institute are dm- to the < tthwas Si Helen-, foe llieir kindm-s and hospitaliM during this session EjSlllnf I hat the onVer «. fof the Shea Sat* ncr iv which they have conducted the c-xer etnas have our taaajca Resolved. That to those who h.ive so jrener ously furnished us wiihaask and ttaftlg ** are under many obHgatkMia Resolved, Tli.it we ahall ever h< > d iv frew fill reiueintuan.. L. L. Rowland M..N »•;>. : intendrnl, for tlie interest iie is c Btt»uaU] giving the eau*e of education in our Mate. The Bitet BttM intemieiit then closed the exercises by cheering words, when the Institute adjourn, o. It is not much thought Ot*, but it is certainly a very important iessou, to learn how to enjoy ordinal \ Ufe,tob< able to relish your being witiu ut Usfl transport of sine passion or-ratwiia tion of some appetii " ' I • 1 • J. S. Botarth, Esq., of Cowlits Coun ty, paid Vtucouwr a visit Inst Vriday. The Grover Investigation. Local political circles have had something to talk about during the Grove* Investigation by the Senate Committee at Portland. The detailed report of the testimony, as given to the readers of the Oregonian by the shcrt hand reporter, contains, aa usu al in Mich . ax-, ; , large amount of mere stuff, heresay, rumors, and vague and rami-.in gossip foreign to the sub ject of investigation. While there does not appear to be any positive evidence to sustain the charge of bribery, evidence that would convict in a court of justice, there is suilicient circumstantial evidence to render it morally certain that corrupt means were used, by somebody, in the elec tion of Gov. Grover to a seat in the 1. s. Senate from Oregon. The in vestigation originated in and is l>ein<r carried through by the desire to make political capital. It is a little game of politics, and, on the whole, a dirty looking business from any point of view. Were it not that the sins of politicians are these days so easily condoned, there would be danger of Grover losing his political head; but as it is, it will only ache for a time, then assume it> equilibrium and be all right for another Democratic cam paign, investigation is becoming fashionable. It i> a sharp dodge of politicians to give notoriety to some body. 11 a member of (Congress wants to checkmate a rival on the political chess-board, he call- tor some kind of an investigation. Done of course at government expense. Informal, of course, so a- to open the flood <rates and let in the deluge of gossip and rumor, thereby concealing, under tho guise of an investigation, a Hank movement in politics. Such is the sum and substance of the t; rover in vestigation, SO EarM it > managers are concerned. If it shall in its reaction aid the cause of honesty in politics, SO much w ill be gained lor the cause of truth. Ladies (juild. At s meeting of tbe ladies of St. Luke's Parish, at the residence of Mrs. G. H. Whitney, on the Bth inst., there was organized a "Ladies Cuild," for attending t<> matters of charity and other (Lut a work. The following oonimittee were appointed t<> draft a constitution: Mrs, James Crawford, Mrs. <;. \\\ Durgin and Mrs. A. R. Middleton, after which the meeting adjourned to meet at the same place on the 17th iiist.. at which time the <oiild again met and effected a peneanent niz.-itton. The committee rejK rted a constitution which was adopted and* the following officers elected: Presi dent, Mrs. <;. W. Durgin; Yi;v Presi dent, Mrs. Mary C. Crawford; Sec.e tarv, Mr-. A. li. Maluleton: Treasurer I » j Mrs. J. M. Fletcher; KxeclltlVe Com mittee, Mrs. C. ii. Whitney, Mrs. A. BbeH and Mrs. S. 11. I Ridels. Regu j lar !. !i igs of the Cuild will l>e held ion the first and third Thursdays of each tiiwiith, at the re idences of its severe] ateoabers. All lidion sttredieg the Church are unite.! to U-coine mem- Tie services of the * ittild may l»e hid by ladies not members of the < _ ' the President, Mrs. Ihuyin, o! the Chairman of th« (Executive Committee, lira. Whitney. The n< ir meeting of the Guild will he held at the re>i lewe of Mrs. ftaats C raw ton 1, on Thursday, the 2d day of August. Mrs. A K. Midm.eton, Bet retary. In ii i ii. tt \1 rifts arc like gifts of strength ~t v , ,th or rank or worldly power—splendid ir:«t: uini'tit* ii nobly used but reg or ng qualit es to use them nobler ajtd welter than them | selves.—Fitofps. t • No. 48.