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JOSEPH M. FLETCHEK,
Attorney and Counsellor At Law.
Office up stairs in Sohns A Sehtiek's build
ing Main street Vancouver, W. T.
Particular attention given to convey,
auclng aud the examination i>f laud titles.
W. BYRON DANIELS,
Attorney At Law aad Votary Public.
Rooms st the Inoepem>snt Ofllcc, Vancou
ver, W. T.
ty Particular attention given to convey
aueing aud the examination of land titles.
M. FLINN, M. D.,
Physician aad Surgeon.
Office one door west from the Drug Store.
Residence on Reserve street, between 4th
and sth streets.
CalU promptly answered day or night
Portland and Vancouver Packet.
Jaa. T. Gray, Master.
WILL MAKE DAILY TRIPS BETWEEN
Vancouver and Portland, Sunday* ex
rented. 1-eave Vancouver at 8 a. m., return-
In ' leave Portland 't A r. m., from Gold
emit'ii'* Central Wharf, foot of Alder street.
For froigut or passage apply on board.
The undersigned having purchased the
printing material of Jos. A. C. Brant, is pre
pared tti do all kinds of plain and ornamental
work at the lowest cash rate*.
OOJcc at Judge Winder's residence. South
west corner Maiu and Seventh streets, Van
couver, W. T.
>*ll ordar* with ma will rac«ivt prompt tttan
tion, John H. Uiuctor.
Kiss A. Looaais, Principal, and Teacher
of English, Latin and French.
Maw. K. M. Vieholsoa. Teacher of Mu
Rata of Tuition:
(Per session of ten weeks.)
Primary Department. #0 00
Higher English 8 00
Latin, (extra) 3 00
touch, (extra) a 00
Instrumental Music 14 00
Use of Piano * 0©
Application stay bs aaads to Miss Loostls, at
HERE SHALL THE PRESS THE PEOPLE'S RIGHTS MAINTAIN, UNA WED BY INFLUENCE AND UNBRIBED BY GAIN.
Vancouver, Washington Territory. Thursday. July 26, 1877.
Teachers' Institute at St Helens.
The Teachers' Institute for the
Fourth District of Oregon, composing
the counties of Washington, Clacka
mas, Multnomah, Columbia and Clat
sop, convened at St. Helens, Colum
bia County, last Tuesday, and con
tinued two days.
A permanent organization was ef
fected by electing T. A. Mcßride,
President; F. A. Moore, Secretary;
Mrs. N. E. Morse and Miss Jennie
Meeker, Assistant Secretaries, and S.
C. Ailains, of Salem, Chaplain.
All teachers from abroad were
made honorary members of the Insti
Dr. L. L. Rowland, State Superin
tendent, and S. C. Adams, of Salem,
were present, and assisted materially
in making the work of the lastitute
The forenoon of the first day was
mostly consumed in organizing and
registering the names of those pres
Dr. Rowland entertained the Insti
tute upon the object of institutes and
the advancement that Oregon had
made in the school work since his re
collection —a period of thirty-three
S. C. Adams made a favorable com
parison of the school work iv Oregon,
with that of other States.
Other speeches, of a general char
acter, were made, and after music by
the the Institute adjourned to meet
for active work at two o'clock P. M.
In the afternoon the subjects of
OKIHOOUAI'IIY AND METHODS OK
were discussed. F. A. Moore made
the opening speech, and ottered many
good suggestions. He believed in
sight culture rather than ear culture
in spelling, and urged the importance
of diversity of methods to secure the
pupil's attention, and rivet the words
in his memory. Among the methods
he proposed were the following: Ar
range numbers on the blackboard,
and let the pupils spell by number;
pronouncing the words and calling
the numbers indiscriminately; thus
compelling the pupil to heed the ex
ercise closely, or go to the foot of the
class for noii-attention; also, let the
pupils write the names of different
classes of things, thus teaching them
to think as well as to spell; and for
advanced scholars a good method is
to have ruled paper for each pupil to
write the words of the lesson, the de
fination of each, and a sentonce con
taining each word.
Dr. Rowland thought that ear cul
ture, or spelling by sound, should not
be depreciated. He had noticed that
country pupils are often better spel
lers than city pupils; suggested the
combination" of as many profitable ex
ercises as possible in all studies. The
oral system of spelling combines pro
nunciation, articulation, diction, etc.
Mr. Daniels, Superintendent of
Schools of Clarke County, for the
purpose of introducing the subject,
spoke favorably of the
the art of spelling by sound.
Dr. Rowland thought that while
this system possessed some advan
tages, the balance of argument was
decidedly against it. By this system
it would be as difficult to tell how to
pronounce words as under the old
system, and besides that we should
lose the whole system of etymology
by changing from the old system to
the new. Speaking of methods of
spelling, the Dr.called a class of nine
ffirls from the audience and gave il
ustrations of his methods for secur
ing the attention of pupils, and other
wise attaining excellence in this de
partment of school work.
Geo. YV. Mcßride objected to the
Khonetic system, because it would
reek into the natural order of lan
guage growth; that language was of
slow growth and necessarily carried
along, in its construction from age to
age, the symbols aad reminders of
historical facts. The science of
philology, as pertaining to the Eng
lish language, would be practically
overturned by such a radical change
in the construction of the English
language. His remarks were received
with favor by the Institute.
Miss Florence Smith spoke favor
ably of both the oral and written
methods of teaching orthography;
taught her pupils to write at an early
age, and always endeavored to diver
sify the spelling exercises.
Mrs, Morse said she adopted both
the oral and written systems; that Mr.
Moore had made suggestions new to
her, which she should test.
S. C. Adams then spoke of the
methods adopted in the public schools
Miss Minnie Hathaway read an es
say on "Physiology in the Public
Schools." It contained some good
suggestions, and as it is short and to
the point, it is published elsewhere in
INSTRUCTION IX PRIMARY READING.
This subject was introduced by
Miss Florence Smith. In her schools
she put pupils at writing or printing
at six years of age, and combined it
with their earliest reading lessons.
She invariably gave short lessons and
required a complete mastery of th<
before proceeding farther in the book.
Her third reader classes had bul four
or five verses for a lesson, ai id
they were compelled to write.
Dr. Rowland said there was a g at
deal to be gained in reading by sound.
The ear should be trained as well as
the eye. As an illustration of a
method for sharpening the sense of
hearing, and also for riveting the at
tention of pupils, he called a class of
girls and pronounced words to them
rapidly, to be spelled rapidly and
without pronouncing the syllables or
F. A. Moore suggested variety in
reading; objected to the arrangement
of school readers, and would intro
duce the newspapers and other enr
rent literature into the reading class
es. "Variety was the spice of life,"
and if a class would be advanced ra
pidly no means should be lost to
claim the attention and awaken the
interest of the pupil.
Homer Hathaway favored thorough
work in reading; it was of the utmost
importance. He generally required
his pupils to "camp" by the lessog un
til it was learned.
The President asked for suggestions
relative to the "sing-song"' tone in
reading, often so common among pu
Dr. Rowland thought one of the
causes of this fault was that pupils
were advanced too rapidly from one
book to another. They drawled out
their words because they could not
quickly apprehend their pronunciation
and meaning, the same as a speaker
will often drawl his words because
not knowing on the instant what to
'Miss Smith thought that variety in
reading would help to prevent the
"simr-sono-" tone. Recommended
reading in concert.
The "Query Box" was next opened
ami both instruction and amusement
derived from the questions drawn
At the evening session, the attend
ance was large. After music by the
choir, the welcome address was de
livered by Mrs. N. K. Morse, respond
ed to by Homer Hathaway.
Miss Annie Hovt read Carleton's
poem "The Editor's Guests," after
which Eugene Seinple, Esq., was in
troduced, who read an able
on the "Constitution in our Public
Schools." A song, "Oh, Could 1
Teach the Nightingale," was sung by
Mrs. Yeargain and Mrs. Giltner. Mi*s
Minnie Perry read a poem entitled,
"The Lips that Touch Liquor Shall
Never Touch Mine." Mr. Moore,
read "John Maynard," which was de
cidedly the best reading of the occa
sion. *The comic "Maud Multa" was
read by Geo. Mcßride. Mrs. Gilt
ner'a Chronicles of a Fourth of July
picnic waa highly enjoyed. The
evening exercisea closed with music.
After the opening exercises the sub
was taken up, presented by Dr. Row
land. He objected to tb%ayttem of
tardy marking because its tendency
seemed to be to make pupils punctual,
not from principle so much as from
fear of having the number of tardy
marks read on the last day of school.
Mr. Fenton, of Yamhill County,
and G.\Y. Meßride, made appropriate
remarks on this subject, suggesting
examples of punctuality as being bet
ter than precepts.
Miss Florence .Smith gave presents
for punctuality, ami always, as early
in the term as possible, visited the
parents of the pupils and talked with
them about having their children
punctual. The State Superintendent
pronounced these suggestions excel
Mrs. Morse adopted both these in
centives in her school, fear and prin
ciple; found she could not depend en
tirely upon either plan; both were
good. To attain absolute punctuality'
the teacher would have to go round
and get breakfast in some families.
GEOGRAPHY AND DBA WING
was elucidated by F. A. Moore. His
address was replete with good sug
gestions. He said : proper way to
study geography is to proceed tfom
the known to the unknown; beginning
with the geography of the country
adjacent to the SChool-SOUSe, and
gradually enlarging to take in the
whole world, lie advocated object
teaching and simple d< i i mstrationa,
rather than abstract definitions.
The subject of
ABJ i iiMin ie
was introduced by \V. Byron Daniels,
who was followed by Dr. Rowland
and others of the Institute, discussing
the various methods of teaching tlu?-
important study. It was finally de
cided that while it is a good thing to
commit rules to memory, analysis a:id
demonstration should precede i very
thing else. Thorough analysis of
of every proposition is the true study
AFTKKN 00 N* SESSIO N.
The Bubject of oral grammer and
language lessons was presented by
Miss Florence Smith.
Homer Hut haw a v recited the "Ship
The subject of compulsory educa
tion was discussed at some length hy
the State Superintendent end others.
This was followed by select reed _
by Miss Florence Smith and Abbte
1 jonser. The "Query Box* elicited
considerable discussion, especially Ofl
the Modes of punishment.
TIIK KVF.MNO SatSSIOJI
began with select readings by various
roung ladies, Geo. VV\ M< Bride
then delivered sn s4drceaoa the sub
ject of "Sectarian Education." His
thoughts were pertinent, sound end
strictly logical. His rOSttmS of his
torical facts hearing upon the subject
were both concise and comprehend -, c.
Then followed songs and recttetiotaS,
after winch Mai. B. G. Adam- recited
a poena entitled H Oregon.'
T. A. Mcßride then read the M
chapter of the Book of Chronicles, al
ter which the follow ing: ievolutions
were adopted bjf the institute:
Resohod. fhal the thanks of UtiS Institute
are dm- to the < tthwas Si Helen-, foe llieir
kindm-s and hospitaliM during this session
EjSlllnf I hat the onVer «. fof the Shea Sat*
ncr iv which they have conducted the c-xer
etnas have our taaajca
Resolved. That to those who h.ive so jrener
ously furnished us wiihaask and ttaftlg **
are under many obHgatkMia
Resolved, Tli.it we ahall ever h< > d iv frew
fill reiueintuan.. L. L. Rowland M..N »•;>. :
intendrnl, for tlie interest iie is c Btt»uaU]
giving the eau*e of education in our Mate.
The Bitet BttM intemieiit then
closed the exercises by cheering
words, when the Institute adjourn, o.
It is not much thought Ot*, but it is
certainly a very important iessou, to
learn how to enjoy ordinal \ Ufe,tob<
able to relish your being witiu ut Usfl
transport of sine passion or-ratwiia
tion of some appetii " ' I • 1 •
J. S. Botarth, Esq., of Cowlits Coun
ty, paid Vtucouwr a visit Inst Vriday.
The Grover Investigation.
Local political circles have had
something to talk about during the
Grove* Investigation by the Senate
Committee at Portland. The detailed
report of the testimony, as given to
the readers of the Oregonian by the
shcrt hand reporter, contains, aa usu
al in Mich . ax-, ; , large amount of
mere stuff, heresay, rumors, and vague
and rami-.in gossip foreign to the sub
ject of investigation. While there
does not appear to be any positive
evidence to sustain the charge of
bribery, evidence that would convict
in a court of justice, there is suilicient
circumstantial evidence to render it
morally certain that corrupt means
were used, by somebody, in the elec
tion of Gov. Grover to a seat in the
1. s. Senate from Oregon. The in
vestigation originated in and is l>ein<r
carried through by the desire to make
political capital. It is a little game
of politics, and, on the whole, a dirty
looking business from any point of
view. Were it not that the sins of
politicians are these days so easily
condoned, there would be danger of
Grover losing his political head; but
as it is, it will only ache for a time,
then assume it> equilibrium and be all
right for another Democratic cam
paign, investigation is becoming
fashionable. It i> a sharp dodge of
politicians to give notoriety to some
body. 11 a member of (Congress wants
to checkmate a rival on the political
chess-board, he call- tor some kind of
an investigation. Done of course at
government expense. Informal, of
course, so a- to open the flood <rates
and let in the deluge of gossip and
rumor, thereby concealing, under tho
guise of an investigation, a Hank
movement in politics. Such is the
sum and substance of the t; rover in
vestigation, SO EarM it > managers are
concerned. If it shall in its reaction
aid the cause of honesty in politics,
SO much w ill be gained lor the cause
At s meeting of tbe ladies of St.
Luke's Parish, at the residence of Mrs.
G. H. Whitney, on the Bth inst., there
was organized a "Ladies Cuild," for
attending t<> matters of charity and
other (Lut a work. The following
oonimittee were appointed t<> draft a
constitution: Mrs, James Crawford,
Mrs. <;. \\\ Durgin and Mrs. A. R.
Middleton, after which the meeting
adjourned to meet at the same place on
the 17th iiist.. at which time the <oiild
again met and effected a peneanent
niz.-itton. The committee rejK rted
a constitution which was adopted and*
the following officers elected: Presi
dent, Mrs. <;. W. Durgin; Yi;v Presi
dent, Mrs. Mary C. Crawford; Sec.e
tarv, Mr-. A. li. Maluleton: Treasurer
j Mrs. J. M. Fletcher; KxeclltlVe Com
mittee, Mrs. C. ii. Whitney, Mrs. A.
BbeH and Mrs. S. 11. I Ridels. Regu
j lar !. !i igs of the Cuild will l>e held
ion the first and third Thursdays of
each tiiwiith, at the re idences of its
severe] ateoabers. All lidion sttredieg
the Church are unite.! to U-coine mem-
Tie services of the * ittild may
l»e hid by ladies not members of the
< _ ' the President,
Mrs. Ihuyin, o! the Chairman of th«
(Executive Committee, lira. Whitney.
The n< ir meeting of the Guild
will he held at the re>i lewe of Mrs.
ftaats C raw ton 1, on Thursday, the 2d
day of August.
Mrs. A K. Midm.eton,
In ii i ii. tt \1 rifts arc like gifts of
strength ~t v , ,th or rank or worldly
power—splendid ir:«t: uini'tit* ii nobly
used but reg or ng qualit es to use
them nobler ajtd welter than them
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