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\ ancouver Independent
OFFICIAL PAPER OF CITY AMD COU¥TT. Vancouver. Clarke County, Wash ington Territory. Love's Reveille. Love in lethargy once slept A week without waking; And day and night his mother wept As if her heart were breaking. The graces pinched the boy in vain: He never felt their stinglngs; They sang to him a Paphian strain; He sleeps through all their singings. Tc Jove at length the goddess soared, Most miserably crying: "Oh, save my son, heaven's mighty Lord! The God of love is dying!" "To earth," said Jove, "once more repair, And cease your cries aud weeping; A friendly leech will meet you there, Who'll cure love's oversleeping." Venus flew back; the boj was free; For Jove, on special mission, Had sent him green-eyed jealousy, Juno's own state physician. The cure, much worse than the disease, Olympus shook with laughter; For love was never yet at ease, And never slumbered after. Seveuteen-Year Visitors. New Jersey people are not usually lacking in hospitality, but they do not view their present guests with a kindly feeling. Even the titles of these red-eyed visitors are not fairly accorded to them; instead of their classical name cicada, the erroneous one of locust is inflicted upon them. The cicada couldn't be more un lucky in the matter of getting a bad name if he were a Spitz. There are thou sands of Jerseymen who firmly believe that the insect who is drumming a mo notonous tune in the tree tops is a near relative to tbe longlegged 'hopper that has traveled from tbe Rocky Mountains to the Mississippi. Now, whether the grasshopper of the West is or is not the locust, may be a debatable question, with the weight of evidence in the affirmative; but that the cicada is not a locust is a fact not open to question at all. The 'hopper belongs to a sub-order furnished with sharp jaws and magnificent diges tion. But neither the golden wheat nor the tall timothy nor the waving oat offers a meal to the cicada. His mouthpiece is a proboscis, and he is asacker; but, fortu nately for the human race, he has not the bloodthirsty disposition of another insect somewhat similarly provided and equally at home in New Jersey. Let us be just to cicada septendecim. His life is a romance. He finds himself at first consciousness an orphan, crawling on a twig that he cannot eat, and perched high in air. He wants to reach the ground, but he would starve on the jour ney if he attempted to crawl down the tree. If he were a measuring worm he might spin a yarn and lower himself by it. Wings have not yet been furnished to him. With a faith in his destiny which is positively sublime, the young cicada loosens his hold, drops, and takes the chances. In proportion to his size, the fall is as if a man were to drop himself from a balloon a mile and a half bigh, without a parachute. If he survives the fsll and escapes the hungry bills of birds, the youthful cicada bores his way down ward into earth and begins his subterra nean residence. Admitting it as true that (as the scientific folk say) our forefathers dwelt in caves, we cannot afford to sneer at such a domicile. The next process after going below is to find some root of & shrub ortree.to stick the proboscis into it, and to suck the juices. Thereafter the cicada has permanent board and lodging for seventeen years. How few New Yorkers could make a similar boast! After a silence vastly longer than that which Pythagoras imposed upon his pu pils, the cicada earns the right to make a noise in tlie world, and proceeds to do it. He is now a CostobS in search of a wife. First he comes to the surface and throws off his old clothes, appearing in a new suit which includes serviceable wings. There is a W upon his wings, which has l>een supposed to portend War. That was a great mistake on the part of tbe seers who read the sign. It is not a War that heseeks, hut a Wedding. He drums the wedding march, and seeks his mate, who is similarly engaged in making hy meneal music. The noise is a trifle monot onous to human ears, hut all demonstra tions of wedded bliss are a l>ore to non participants. Moralists have long ob served that perfect happiness is short; the experience of the male cicada is no ex ception to the rule. He violates the principles of health by eating little or nothing. The consequences of such im prudence may be readily foreseen. The bridegroom dies on his wedding day. The widow wastes no time in funertl cere monies. She has to provide temporary lodgings for her family, who will never tee her. She spends tbe rest of her short life in boring boles in twigs and small branches, and depositing eggs therein. The branches thus perforated are apt to break off, and people who have valuable trees object to this method of pruning. Sometimes it makes considerable havoc, as for instance at Prospect Park, Brooklyn, a few years ago, where the oak trees especially suffered, though nooe were permanently injured. After perusing tbe Government how many amillioa dollars' worth were eaten up by the Western grasshoppers, we should be aMe to coo template the performances of fjM laelarn cicada with equanimity, aad, If aiiff-'. staff cotton in oar ears. And to eoasfbf t ia the thought that seven teen years may elapse before we shall need to repeat the precaution. — New York Tribune. Ravages of Mice in Different Countries. The mischief of the little field-mice is dove so very quietly and adroitly that few are ever caught at it, and much of the blame is put on the moles, squirrels and woodchucks, that have enough sins of their own to answer for. The meadow mouse of Europe, which is very like our own, forty or fifty years ago came near causing a famine in parts of England, ruiuiug the crops before they could get fairly started, and killing almost all the young trees in the orchards and woods. More than 30,000 of the little rascals were trapped in one month iv a single piece of forest, beside all those killed by auimals. About a year ago, too, a simi lar disaster was threatened in Scotland, where millions of mice appeared, and gnawed off the young grass at the root just when it should have been in prime condition for the sheep; and when that was all gone they attacked the garden vegetables. The people lost vast numbers of sheep and lambs from starvation, and thousands of dollars' worth of growing f.»od; but, all finally, by together waging war upon them, the. pests were partially killed off. Tlie mice did not in either ca.-e come suddenly, but had been iu ctv;,siug steadily for years previous, be cause tlie gamekeepers had killed so many of the "vermin" (asowls,hawks, weasels, snakes, etc., are wrongly called) which are the natural enemies of the mice, aud keep their numbers down. Furmers are slow to learn that it doesn't pay to kill the birds or rob their nests; but the boys aud girls ought to understand this truth aud remember it. In this country, the greatest mischief done by the field-mice is the gnawing of bark from the fruit trees, so that in some of the Western States this is the most serious difficulty the orchards have to contend with. Whole rows of young trees in nurseries are stripped of their bark, and of course die; ami where apple-seeds are planted, the mice are sure to dig half of them up to eat ! tbe kernels. This mischief is mainly done in the winter, when the trees are packed away from the frost; or, if they are growing, because then the mice can move about concealed under the snow, aud nibble all the bark away up to the surface. Rabbits get much of the credit of this naughty work, for they do a good deal of it on their own accouut. The gardener has the same trouble, often find ing, when he uncovers a rare and costly plant iv the spring, that the mice have enjoyed good winter quarters in his straw covering, and have been gnawing to death his choice roses. Millions of dollars, perhaps, would not pay for all the dam age these small creatures thus accomplish each year in the United States, and I fear they will become more and more a plague if we continue to kill off the harmless hawks, owls, butcher-birds and snakes, which are the policemen appoint ed hy Nature to look after the mice, and protect us against them.— St. Nicholas. Polar Colonization. —The bill ap propriating $50,00 to equip an expedi tion to tbe Polar regions is likely to be come a law when the next Congress mcc's, and Capt. Howgate proposes to send, in advance of the colony for which the ap propriation will provide, a small vessel under command of Capt Tyson, to gather together Esquimau dogs, sledges, and Esquimau clothing for the regular ex pidition. Capt. Tyson will start in July, and Capt. Howgate will follow next spring. To get out the advance party about |9,000 or $10,000 will be needed, and this must be raised by subscription. Capt. Tyson makes this rough estimate of his needs: Charter of vessel for fifteen months, $1,500; fitting out of men for cruise, $1,500; 25,000 gallons of casks, $1,000: boats and whaling gear, $1,000; bread, $480: flour, $250; pork, $600; oat and Indian meal, $60; coffee, $125; tea, $52: sugar, $48: molasses, $150; butter, $100; whisky, $120; coal, $75; tobacco, out of bond, $100; guns, knives and saws, for trade, $400; probable incidental ex penses, $400; total, $8,660. Tbe whaling gear is provided to give the party oc cupation and profitable employment, and it is Injlieved that enough whale and seal oil will be obtained to pay the cost of the expedition. The Sons ok Toil. —They build and organize, and rise into tbe control of our railroads; they conduct our mills; they guide our ships; they open the paths for capital; they fill our schools; they apply their ingenuity to the soil; tbey legislate lor us; tbey rise into the highest seats of power. The farmer's boy, to whom nei ther academy no r college was ever opened, speods his youth in clearing the forests, and bis manhood iv guiding the councils of his country through a great war. dyiog a martyr to the cause of hu man freedom. A young village merchant becomes Secretary of tlie Treasury; and upon his integrity and sagacity tbe coun try implicitly relies. Tbe highest judi cial officer in tbe land once labored on tbe soil. From our workshops and farms sprang the heroes of tbe war. And all over the land stand the tasteful and ele j gant abodes of those who bave not forgot [to cultivate themselves as tbey bave pro , greased, and who remember liberally tbe I intellectual and moral and religious wants , of a rising generation. A foolish man by the name of Crapo, with bis foolish wife, lately sailed from New Bedford, Mass., in a little sail-boat, twenty feet in length, intending to cross the Atlantic and hoping to bring up at London some forty days hence. We see 00 aeaas in such silly experiments, even if ■ucceasfal. Mode of Making Gunpowder. The mode of making gunpowder It nowadays about the same everywhere. The saltpeter, the charcoal, and the sul phur all must be ground very finely. Among rude tribes in Asia, as in old times, the grinding is dove by women and children, who pound the ingredients with wooden pestles in wooden mortars, and often finish by blowing up the entire family, house and all. In other places they pass a crank-shaft through a barrel and fix it in a frame. This barrel they partly fill with what they wish to pulver ize, and also with a quantity of brass or wooden balls. By turning the crank rap idly the balls and the material are both rolled around from side to side, and finally the grinding is effected. Next they mix the three together in proper proportions, spreading it on a wooden table, turning it with wooden paddles, and rolling it with wooden rollers; then they put it back into the wooden mortar or tub and pound it again, any blow, just as likely as not, being the last they will live to give. If they aud the powder survive this, they then spread it ou a cloth in the sun to dry, and if it don't blow up before they gather it together again, the husbands and fath ers <>f these brave women and children soon have plenty of powder. I have been told of a lady, brought up in the East In dies, whose most vivid remembrance of her early life was the blowing-up of a "native"' family by such means. But iv the modern powder-mills there are deep, circular troughs of stone or iron, around and around in which travel pon derous wheels. Men with wwodeu shovels keep the material under rollers, where it is thoroughly crushed. When enough of each ingredient is ready to make a batch of powder, they weigh it—about 75 parts of saltpeter, 15 of charcoal, and 10 of sulphur. These proportions, however, vary somewhat, de pending upon what the powder is to be used for, and the strength required. Tlie weighed-out ingredients must now be mixed. Usually, the charcoal and sul phur are put together first in revolving barrels, in which are loose zinc, brass, or copper balls; and when this is completed, the saltpeter is added, and the rolling process is repeated until the whole is well intermingled. In some mills the three ingredients are put into the barrels and mixed in one operation; but this mode is attended with greater risk. All this, however, is mere stirring. The real mixing must be done under great pressure. Now begins the greatest danger. Tbe stirred-up materials are taken to another shed, called the "incorporating mill," where there are more wheels and troughs; but, instead of men with shovels, there are wooden and copper scrapers attached to the machinery, that follow the wheels and keep the mixture in place. The in gredients are placed iv the trough, the wheels started, and the men lock the doors and go away. Hour after hour, arouud and around in the dark, all alone rumble these mighty wheels. So long as the little scrapers attend to their business, evenly spreading the mixture three or four inches deep in the bottom of tbe trough, all will be well; but if anything goes wrong— puff — bang ! —that is the end of that mill. If the crushing wheels aud the iron bottom of the trough should happen to touch, the chances are they would "strike fire;" but the cushion of powder between is supposed to prevent this.— St. Nicholas. The Truth-Tellek.—lt is worth while now and then to have what is called the truth told you about your self. There are times when such truth telling is of great and immediate service. But I have noticed that persons who plume themselves upon speaking the truth to their neighbors are persons who really bave no special devotion to truth, but who have, on the other hand, a pas sion for making people uncomfortable. They do not love their neighbors; they hate them, or are indifferent to them. With them so-called truth-telling is mere ly a form of self-indulgence. How would it do, the next time the village truth-teller comes around, for you to tell the truth to him? "Kind friend, I thank thee for telling me that my daughter's manners are rude, and that my uncle, the parson, should be spoken to about his method of public prayer, and that my best Sunday-go-to meeting hat is two seasons behind the times; but let me reciprocate thy kind ness by informing thee that thou art a selfish old gossip, without enough brains to perceive the whole truth about any sit uation, but only a silly half-truth, or a miserable distorted truth, which, from the best of motives, I advise thee to keep to thyself."— "The Old Cabinet ;" Seribner for July. Kcssiak Ladies.—The lsdies in Russia are very anxious to marry, because they have no liberty before marriage. Tbey arc kept constantly under the paternal eye until given up to tbeir husbands, and then they take their own course. Al most as soon ss a girl is born, in the better rank of society, her parents begin to prepare the dowry she must bave when she goes to her husband. She must fur nish everything for an outfit in life, even to a dozen new shirts for ber coming husband. The young man goes to the house of his promised bride and counts over her dresses, and examines the fur niture, and sees the whole with his own eyes before he commits himself to the ir revocable bargain. In high life such things are conducted with more apparent del icacy ; bat the facta are ascertained with more apparent accuracy, the burin ma being in the beads of a broker or notary. The freMj«MSM is exposed ia public before the wedding. Turn Milk j way—from ban to pomp. Gibraltar. The scenes in the lovely bay and in the narrow zigzag streets of the little town are bustling and full of life. Tho bay is dotted with ships and boats of many kinds, anchored in the shadow of the rock. In the distance, among the hills and groves, peep 9 out the ancient little town of San Roque —a curious place, and well worthy a visit. Everywhere about, as well as on the rock, you are reminded of the fact that Gibraltar is, first of all, a fortress. Soldiers and guards, deploy ing, lounging, or on post, present them selves at every turn; high up on tho cliffs the diminished figures of sentinels are seen pacing to and fro; in tbe pleasure gardens the most noticeable persons are the officers, strolling and taking their ease; the tattoo of drums, the roar of cannon at stated hours, the opening and closing of the great gates that separate the fortress from the town, all impress one with the military importance ot the place. Still more marked appears the military character of the rock, as you glance up toward the beetling cliffs and see, yawning from innumerable port holes, and above long ranges of battle ments and from many an embrasure aud turret, the canuon which guard the en trance to the Mediterranean; and as, cu rious to behold the marvels of the fortress iv their details, you cross thedraw-bridge, go under the low arched gateways, pass the parade aud Alameda, ascend the irreg ular streets which creep in steps up tho sides of the crags, leave behind the quaint old Moorish castic, and at last find your self literally entering the rock through au iron gateway, the first glance reveals the immense labors which have been un dertaken to perfect by art the defenses with which nature has endowed Gibraltar. One sees before him a series of galleries, tunnels, and excavations, conducting ap parently into a blank of Cimmerian Uark ness. Here, far above the beach, are dug out long tunnels at the very edge of the headloug cliff; and as you pass along them, guided by the light of the torches, you observe port-holes at intervals of fif teen or twenty feet, with brass ordnance peeping out menacingly from every one. Ascending constantly, you find that there is tier after tier of these tunnels. There, if necessity should arise, the gunners might stand and pour their deadly tire upon fleet or cohort, perfectly shielded by the massive aud solid rock, which no mis sile, however destructive, could more than feebly indent. The Windsor Galleries, which are excavations wholly within the rock, form a continuous subterranean passage of two thousand feet in length, twelve feet high, and twelve wide, and this passage a.-eeuds by the same zigzag course which is seeu iv the great roads that wind over the Alps, till it gives an outlet near the summit. The mo9t memorable, in some respects, of all the fourteen sieges to which Gib raltar has been subjected, was tnelast, called the "great siege," one of the mighty struggles of history, which began in the year 1779. The famous General Elliott was commander of the fortress. Spain, in alliance with France and Moroc co, endeavored to surprise Gibraltar; but a Swedish ship gave Elliott the alarm. The garrison comprised but five compan ies otartillery,aud the whole force was less than live thousand five hundred men. The enemy's force was fourteen thousand. The siege begao by the blockading of the port, and a camp was formed at San Itoque with the design of starving out the garrison. The garrison was often re duced to sore straits for food; "a goose was worth a guinea," and Elliott tried upon himself the experiment of living upon four ounces of rice a day for a week. The long agony, full of terrific combats and frightful privations, ended by tho final abandonment of the siege early ia 1783. If in that year the English had to make up their minds that they must let go their American colonies, they had at least the consolation that Gibraltar was still theirs.— Harper t Magazine. Russian Priests. Russian priests are a disgrace to Chris tianity, "lie Las a priests eyes," is a proverb which means that a person so characterized is lustful, greedy and self seekiug. Moreover, they are, in a drunken nation, the most drunken. A friend of mine, who stayed several months at a Russian country house, says it was a com mon sight to see two priests lying in a cart, as pigs do when they arc driven to mar ket. One Saint's day, he tells me, the priest came to the chapel too far gone to read the service; instead of being struck dumb with shame, he actually whined out au apology : "We poor fellows spend all our time in praying for others, and have no one to pray lor us; no wonder, therefore, we fall under temptation." Tbiugs are just as bad in Bulgaria; an English engineer, who has just written a book of his experience there, went over one Sunday to attend a church, whose "pope" had a great reputation for sanctity. There was no service, for the "pope" was lying dead drunk among the nettles at the back of bis Bodko (whisky) shop. "I heard," quaintly adds tbe writer, "that for the five previous Sundays his place hats been among those vegetables." Is it any wonder that the Turks l.mk on a re ligion which bas such teachers as fitter for swioe than for men! — AU the Year Round. utlixiaois has passed a law prohibiting tows papers from publishing those "di- A rce without publicity" advertisements, v St. Louis lawyer who engaged in the uuseneas waa expelled from the bar for nprofesaional conduct. Foua ladim have been •looted oa the school board of Loadou, England. One of them, Mrs, Bsrtlshe, received the aaor- Slavery in Egypt. In Cairo the slave dealers (djellabs) dis | tribute their stock among their agents in various quarters of the city, and there,, although the police are supposed to be on the watch to prevent it, buying and sell ing go on under the thinnest veil of con cealment. An intending purchaser goes to one of the private but well known e»- trenoft in which the dealers and their slaves are lodged, and, after examining the latter, selects what suits him, haggles for a time about the price, and finally closes the bargain then and there, or sub sequently through a broker, who receives a small commission for the job. The djellabs object to show their ware to Eu ropeans, unless they be introduced by a native, who is not merely a dragoman; but with that voucher and the thin dis guise of a fez and a Stamboulee coat, a sight of whatever is on hand may be easily enough had. Franks are, of course, now forbidden by their own laws to buy or hold slaves, but the prohibition is not always regarded by residents in the na tive quarters of the city, where, indeed, a single man cannot hire a house nor ob tain lodgings unless he have a female slave. Prices range from £10 or £12 for a black boy or girl of as many years old, to £70 or £100 for an Abyssinian girl of from twelve to seventeen or eighteen, and from £500 to £800, or even £1,000, for a high-ciass Circassian. Adult women slaves who have already been in service are cheaper, unless their skill in cookery, needle-work, or some other useful art balance the vice of temper or some other grave defect, but for which they are rare ly resold. The price of males above the age of childhood varies from £20 or £30, £5)0 or £100, Abyssinian youths and men ranging considerably above negroes. Tbe neutral class of eunuchs has a still higher value, but these are now found in only the very wealthiest Moslem families, tlie rigorous prohibition which the law en forces against their production within Egyptiau territory having greatly reduced the" supply, and correspondingly height ened their price. Till within a few years ago, boy slaves were bought on their way down the Upper Nile, aud mutilated at A«siout and some other stations —Coptic priests being among the most expert oper ators; but this practice has now been sup pressed, and the whole of the small yearly importation comes ready-made from Kordofan aud Darfour.— Frater'* Magazine. Darwinian Relations. The inhabitants of Kybilia,northcrn Af rica, are much troubled by the depreda tions of monkeys, who, in countless num l>ers,infest the hilly forests. The uufortu nate larmers or market gardeners who live on the mountain slopes wage a con tinual war against these marauders, which is foredoomed, however, to endless failure. For the inhabitants were Dar winites long before Mr Darwin was heard of, aud thay dare not for their life kill oue of the creatures regarded by them as their ancestors. So the monkeys in crease and multiply without the chance of being thinned off by any fatal battue. The only thing that cau be done to guard against their attacks is to frighten them away, and this is effected by some very cunning and curious devices. It is found that occasionally, after a successful raid upon some garden, a few of the less hard ened offenders are overcome by the plen teousness of their feast. The potent juice of the grapes or of the figs gets the better of their reason or of their bodily activity, and they remain stretched on the ground to be captured by the furious pro prietor. I'pon this a mild but insidious punishment is inflicted upon the prison ers. Their necks are hung with small bells or rattles, and they are turned loose at the forest edge, when the panic created by their appearance is suoh as to fright en all their kinsfolk and acquaintance away into the depths of the wood. If bells cannot be procured, another process has been invented—tbat of clothing the captured ape in a stout waistcoat of red stuff, and then letting him run. The ef fect is magical, and long after the ostra cized animal Jiaa died or got free from his slavish badge, the troop of depredators holds aloof from the dangerous district. Iv the Wrong Room. Some ludicrous mistakes are narrated about the occupants of the suites of rooms at tbe National bntal, Washington, which opened upon little hslls,uniform in appear auce, connected by long corridors, and which were all furnished alike. One night, Senator Mangum, of North Caro lina, then dignified president of the Senate, a gentleman of the old school, had returned from a party, when Gov. Upham, a Senator from Vermont, came in without any ceremony and took a seat. The two chatted away on politics, etc., until the clock struck one. "Really, Gov. Upham," said Magnum, "I am always pleased to see you, but 1 believe it is getting very late.'* "I have thought so for some time," re plied Unham, but made no movement. The half hour sounded, and Magnum re marked: "I thought, Gov. I plum, that you had decided to go to bed, sir!" "So I had, Mr. President," said the Vermooter, yet he did not budge. Mangum stared at him iv amazement, and at last said: "Hut why don't you go to your roomt It will soon be two o'clock." "My room, Mr. President! Why, this is my room, and I have been waiting for you to go away for two hours past I" Mangum sprang; to his feet, looked into the sleep ing room adjacent, and found that he waa in Upham s room instead of his own.— PkOaddpJUa Prts. Bt the lews of Florida no man who hat lost aa arm or a lag, ao matter how or when, or froas what oa—a, oaa ho tend for aay boilnem he may eater iato the liquor baeiaess.