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The Independent Za Published every Thursday. W. Braox Daniels, Editor and Proprietor. Terms of Subscription: Per annum, when paid in advance I 2 00 If not paid before the expiration of six months SM Six months, when paid in advance 1 25 Rates of Advertising. One square, ten lines or less, first inser tion $2 00 Each subsequent Insertion per square.. 100 Advertisements inserted three months or longer periods at liberal rates by special con tract. Legal notices will be charged to the attorney or officer authorizing their insertion. Advertisements sent from a distance, and transient notices, must be accompanied hy the ease. Notices of births, marriages and deaths in •erted free of charge. Vewspaper Decisions. 1. Any person who takes a paper regularly from the post-othec, whether directed m his name or another's, or whether he has sub scribed or not—is responsible for payment. S. If a peraon orders his paper discontinued, he must pay all arrears, or tbe publisher may continue to send it until payment is made, and then collect the whole amount, whether tbe paper U taken from the otllce or not. n. The courts have decided that refusing to take newspapers aud periodicals from the post* ottice, or removing and leaving them uncalled for, ii prima facia evidence of inU-iitional fraud. _________ JOSEPH M. FLETCHEH, Attorney and Counsellor At Itaw. Ofllcc up stairs in Souns * Schueis's build tag Main street, Vancouver, W. T. pif" Particular attention given to convey ancing sod tks examination of land titles. W. BYttON DANIELS, Attorney At Law and Votary Public. Rooms at the IsnsriNOSMT Office, Vancou ver, W. T. fgf Particular attention given to convey, aacing aud the examination of land titles. M. FLINN, M. D., Physician aad Serf/eon. Ofllco one door west from the Drug Store. Residence on Reserve street between 4th and sth atreets. Calls promptly answered day or night FortUnd and VancouTer Packet The Steamer VANCOUVER, Jas. T. Gray, Master. WILL MAKE DAILY TRIPS BETWEEN Vancouver aud Portland, Sunday* ex cepted. Leave Vancouver at S a. M, return ing, leave Portland at A r. v., from (iold amith'a Central Wharf, foot of Alder street. For freight or passage apply ou hoard. JOB PRINTING. The undersigned having purchased the printing material of Jos. A. C. Brant, is pre pared to do all kinds of plain and ornamental work st the loweat cash rates. Office at Judjre Gluder'a residence, South west corner Main aud Seventh streets, Van couver, W. T. •All ordto Utt with m« will r»ct>»» prompt ttttn. ban, Jolibi H. UlDiler. Select School FOR GIRLS. Hiss A. Looaala, Principal, and Teacher of English, Latin and French. In, H. S. Hicholaon, Teacher of Mu sic. Bates of Tuition i (IVr session of ten weeks.) Primary Department. fti 00 Higher Kugllah » 00 UUu, (extra) 3 00 French, (extra) » 00 iMtnuaanUl Music 14 00 Laa of Piano *0n Afplkattoo saay Im saads to Mia* lonmk. mi tljaiWtorjr HERE SHALL THE PRESS THE PEOPLE'S RIGHTS MAINTAIN, UNA WED BY INFLUENCE AND UNBRIBED BY GAIN. Vancouver. Washington Territory, Thursday. August 2. 1877* The Indian Troubles in Washing ton Territory and Oregon. [The following letter is taken from the Cen tral Christian Advocate, of St. Louis, Mo.:] Knowing that some mis-statements have appeared in the press of our coun try concerning this (seemingly) far away scene of excitement nnd Indian outrages, I feel it my duty to send you a statement of facts: 1 Concerning past labors to avert the hostilities which have just broken out with the atroeoties which uaualy accompany the ebullitions of Indian rage; 2. Concerning the scene and extent of the outbreak; 3, About the present status, movements and needs of our skeleton army, from which the country is expecting so much, and for which Congress has seemed dis posed to do so little. To avert hostilities and, at the same time, to secure compliance with treaty stipulations, Gen. O. U. Howard has used all the powers of persuasion that a devoted christian officer of the United States Government could pos sibly employ. He has held throe or four councils with the disaffected bands who look to Joseph as their chief. The efforts to reconcile ami persuade Joseph and the "renegades" to go on to their reservation have la-en greatly em barrassed by a difficulty between them anil some white settlers in the Wallowa Valley, about ten months ago, at which time, in an altercation, an Indian w;us killed. Tbe existing rancor, cherished Icy- Joseph and his followers, was deepened, and an outbreak was scarcely averted at that time: the relatives of the de ceased Indian claiming that the white man who shot him, should be given up to them. The real grievance, however, lies far buck of that, anil the inevitable influx of white settlers constitutes the cease less irritation. The consequences of im in ignition into the beautiful valleys and plains of eastern Oregon and Wash ington Territory are, Ist, to convert open pniirie and timlier lands into farms, enclosed by fences; und to the Indian's eyes the fences of the whites are the scouts of civilization; a civiliza tion that owns the land pre-empted, or taken tip under homestead regulations; a civilisation that invests immigrants with all the rights of ownership, among which is the necessity and right to fence-in what they own, and to fence out all that might damage their crops; and this means the right to fence-out Indians. Thus, day by day, and month by month, the whites arc fencing in and claiming the right to exclude the Imii ans from their old Camuss Prairies and fishing, and hunting grounds. Here is the real grievance, and it is so U'cause these Indians are lacy, und pivfer the life of the loafer to the life of industry; prefer to dejnmd on the title anil how and fish-hook and camuss spade to the implements of agricultural industry. No amount of sentimentnlism, however finely spun, can hide this palpable fact The consequence is, the Indian's tastes and predilections, accompanied by a good average of natural depravity, make him festive ami petulant, ami vengeful as the cordon of white settle ments keep tightening around him. Add to all, the occasional rascality of a post tnider, and other bod white men, who are incessantly pressing upon their at tention the worst vices of our (Chris tian!!) civilization, and, at the same time, are introducing among them our "fire water," and the moat improved patterns of our "tire arms." Then, to crown the whole, there has arisen among them a set of dreamers, medicine men, wizards, something akin to spiritualists, so often patronised by the whites. These follows are constantly insinuating to the "Non treaty Indians" that "the little bird* whisper to them that they should unite, and arise, ami whip the whites." One of these was recently lodged in our garrison guaid-i ise by Rev. Bm Wilbur, from Fort Btsesea, Bro. Wilbur told me lie "deemed it necessary to bring Chief Skamutli, and thus break the back of the disaffection and conspiracy he waa fomenting in that aeetion." From this statement our readers will, BY REV. R. 8. STUBBS. I hope, appreciate how numerous and how groat the difficulties that have en compassed General Howard in his en deavors to carry out the, so called, "In dian policy" of the government. About four weeks since, to all human appear ances, General Howard's labors were crowned with success. Chiefs Joseph and Dull Knife promised to go on their reservations j Skamiah was released from the guard-room; fourteen days given the Indians to fulfill their pledg es, and General Howard returned to Portland, the head quarters of the Columbia, of Which he is tho cammand ing officer. During a brief interview with (Jen. Howard, after his return, lie told me of the influence exerted by these dreamers, and a.s he spoke 1 noticed be manifested solicitude concerning the bands of "ren egade," "itinerant" Indians, about 800 in number, belonging to the I'matillas, Warm Springs, Net reives, Yakimas and Coeur d' Alenes, who were still roving about at-their own pleasure; and while talking, Col. Wat kin, Superinten dent of Indian Agencies, entered Gen Howard's private ollicc. That day they decided to go to the eastern conn try to visit the Agencies, ami to see how well Joseph and his followers wen; carrying out their pledges. As the time drew near for Gen, Howard to compel recusant Indians to go on their reservations, they matured a conspiracy to murder the whites ami to defy the authorities; and just about the time Gen, Howard ami Col. Watkin reached Lewiston, on Stiake River, dispatches were received of the massacre of about IS defenceless settlers and the slaughter of about 30 soldiers at the point known as Mt, Idoho, sixty miles nearly southeast from Lewiston. It would seem that they swooped down on Col. Perry's cavalry when the men were dismounted and struck them with panic, (so that they lehaved bad ly,) slaughtered, scalped, stripped and horribly mutulatcd these victims of their rage, and left their disfigured re mains to mark and to emphasize the proverbial bad faith of Indians. A noble officer, Lieut. Theller, was mur dered (his remains have not yet been found) and Lieut. Trimble was wound ed. This locality is now designated k-s Camp Perry, and is occupied as the base of oj>erations. Thither has been sent every available soldier, from Sitka and Wrangle, the companies of cavalry ami artilery all the infantry from Forts Stevens, Canby and Vancouver, and last night the crvalry from Fort Klamath armed here to leave for the tield on Friday From enumeration the status of Gen, Howard's forces will doubtless Mttß formidable, to people uninformed as to the skeleton character of OUT military companies. QeiL Howard has, to-day, less thau tiUO available soldiers, whi c the hostile Indians are computed to have not mm than 1.000 to 1,500 fight ing men, with the advantages of posi tion and familiarity with the country to which they have retired, taking with them the hotises aud cattle and pllindor stolen from the people that they have kille«l and the settlors that they have robbed. Dr biinn. of this tow n, very fa mill ia r with the Snake and Salmon and Weifttf river countries, where tlie Italians ate now hiding ami recruiting from disaf fected hands, told tne it is "the rough est country he ever risjsftd " It will l*> their jtolicy to draw our soldiers into a trap, and if poasihif) surround tiiem as Custer and his hand WW surrounded ami immolated. AllVa.lV, Cell. I bos ~rd, wdio has m ken the held m person, complains tiiat he cannot bring the Indians "to bay. ' The tank of tiaftftpertUM troops, sup plie-<, amunitiitn and mountain howit zers is jrositively very difficult, and necessarily slow; our skeleton army and its noble hand of officer*, with the t 'hrirtian gem ral ait she id. a» aaVi momi of all the faith oid prayers of the ua tion and an immediate reinforcement, that thei Ill.M •h.istisv then une > ... and l«HiUirt>us fossa The losses already inflicted upon the settlors, und the distinction of th< ir crupa will require yeurs ol toil to re gain. A general sense of alarm is rap idly spreading, aa the news from the different tribes of Indnians reva la their very unsettled condition, and their manifest willingness to unite with .le seph, if he should be M successful in his next engagement with the United States troops, as he was in his previous light. In fact they know that the V. S. army is but a ghost of an army, and they openly boast that they can whip them. A letter from Fort Simcoe, yesterday, brings intelligence of the arrival there of messengers from Joseph, admonishing the Vakimas, that he in tends to visit that section and slaughter the whites. A meeting of the counsel lors was called in consequence, and a requisition by them was hastened for ward for 500 stands of arms and sBUDU nition, that tho settlers may "fort-Up" and be prepared to defend themselves. Sia ilar action has been taken in Idaho Territory, and also in Union and Uma tilla counties in eastern Oregon. This morning's dispatches announce that 000 Flat Heads have left their reservation to join Joseph, and despite our efforts to the contrary, we are com polled to fear a general uprising provi ded Joseph shall strike as hard and hull as seriously in the next tight as he did at his first treacherous essay. As General Sully said to me, the evening before be left tor the field, "Gen, How ard's only policy will he to wait till he has lofCS enough before he strikes, and then to strike decisively. Force being the only argument an Indian can ap preciate." It is with sorrow we are compelled to state that General. Sully is so unwell ami advanced in years a to be unable to take an active part in the present important difficulty and critical campaign. His justly ami widely-established fame as an Indian tighter gives him such prestige in the army, nevertheless we assure the country that Gen. Howard ami the little band of men with him will do all that mortals can do to punish these malcontents and restore security to settlers. Fort Vancouver W. T., July -I, IST". Timely Words. In the course of an editorial article on the Grover investigation, the Salem StatetlM* says: If the moral sentiment of the whole people could be made sufficiently alive in this matter, it could be ma le so fropical lor the individual who would sell his "birthright for a mesa of pottage,' 1 that he would be as fear fit] of the contaminating influence of tho "schemer" as the Wary traveler it of the I pas tree of the desert. ()or legislators must be made to feel that their actions must be above sus picion, they hSTC no business to put themselves in the way of eorr'uptioii- Utb, they must not hang out the stgn "For Sale," if they wish to maintain au honest reputation. Schemers know whom to approach j they seldom nii-s their man. The man that is honest ami above suspieian is not troubled, hi- reputation is not in danger of be ing traduced, but the weak,thevacil lating, and the venal, fall into the -naies of tin' lobbyiat and are made victim! of unholy inlluein i s. If the indignation of the general public will only take such a.perma nent form, rising above partisanship, as that whoever l- found trifling with the high trusts committed to them by a confiding constituency, they shall be indelibly branded as evil, to be cast out of all de, cut society, sane grand step will at le.ist ha\* been taken |i Wm~ Os true reform. Im n >ki vnt Jnui ihi Dm mou i \ MB TH! Homi:mk\j> L\ w .By ft ft* cent decision til the Supreme t 'ourt of the I 'nited State, "if a settler on Public Land give a mortgage mi the land, and then enter the lund as a Home stead, the mortgage may he enforced by the court. Thin reverses the eon structions and the rulings of tlie Urn eral Laud ( Mhoe, made op section '**.".»«> of R. S. which reads u> follows: No lands acquired under provieiufni oi this chapter Khali in any e\ ent become liable, to the satisfaction id any debt, contracted prior to the issuing of tlie receipt therefor."— Northern Sior. Fertilizing. Grass, weeds and Trees will devel op fertility of soil. If one cannot procure stable manure, nor muck, if Land is cheap, one of tho most eco nomical ways to improve the fertility is to allow clover and grass to grow and decay where it grew. To cover the ground with firm thick sod, and till the soil with a mass of grass and clover roots, is to make land that will pay a lair rent to tho owner. Such sod. summer fallowed, brings ere)ii corn, tobacco, or cotton. One must learn how to make fertility grow on thin land; drawing agricul tural salts from the deep subsoil in wat( r that rises to enter the longest roots of clover Or cow peas. The wa ter evaporate-fr, ,m the haves of the clover grass, peas and corn; but tho fertilizing salts do not. These may be used to feed and fatten hungry soil. Poor land ma\ growto become fat in soil ami manure as easily as a poor pig gains in flesh. Small seeds like those of clover and grass, may do most of the work. See how • jisy it is to make clover and grass labor for the thinking husbandman.— Wclc m\e. Tiiconia Harbor. Many W ere the jokes and jibes thrown at Tacoma during the termi qui excitement concerning the bof> tomlete character of ber bay. All thetC lias slir borne manfully, and not until the lever had subsided was it. thought necessary to put the bay to the test, and retain or lose its pies tige as one of the •■finest harbors in thjC world, sir." The t'aptain of the Surveying schooner Voukon happened to cross tout reporter's tra* k vestor* day, and informed him that his and Captain Eliicott'sparty are now busy triangulating, and are obtaining the exact distance from point to point on the bay, ami progressing last north on the work assigned to them. He assures us he has sounded no locality on the bay as yet where the depth of water exceeds 65 fathoms; but that he has not yet full) tested the bottom for holding. — ]><s/>,it< h. Loggtag on the Sound. The logging business has reached and seemingly passed its focus, until more mills are started on the Sound. Three logging camps on the >ksigit, three on Holmes' 1 Harbor,and several in the near vicinity of Seattle have suspended operations. Let us have more mills. The demand is always immense, and competition in thss rtv sped, even if It does reduce the pi ice of lumber will onlj redound to the greater prosperity of the Sound, and to the benefit of the world. - - Di&pGttk. l*oiiit-No-Poinl. The appropriation of 120,000 from the government, for a light house at Point. No Point, lias fall en back to the treasury, btkc prion for 11 it* site by tin- owner, m/.., $11.' 11 10, bei.ig considered « \ lit 0 I uteiit. This seems rather unfortunate,as th.- lanterm had been shipped to Portland. (XysSjPttl Pol ito Hi v. We bad hoped that it would be man} year* beJnfSj it would be necessary to tod of tho presence of t lie potato bujr in Oregon, but we ran put it or) no longer, for Fridei evening Mr. X \s lt brought a doaeti \ ming bugs into the « trice- - real Colorado potato huffs. Mr. K. has been searching his \inesand has found and destroyed about sixty bugs. The speeimerai exhibited are of an orange color with black spot * on the hack, oval in shape and about a twelfth of an inch long, but they are not full gr< w n specimen* r aimer* and gardeners to search for the bug* nnd kill them now, or next year they will ha\ tr üble nuked.—.Soon* .Sfob ismrfh. I'm n I Ut Ai.l m yer with ■ CMMCttN o| bush»d* of apples I tor Ja\ is to be built at 1 taw*. Polk county, by J. T. Worthy ami F. E. \V hit taker. So aaya the fa-miser. Xo. 49.