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THE INDEPENDENT Is Published every Thursday. J, J. BEESON - - • EDITOR. Terms of Subscription: Per annum, when paid In advance 13 00 If not paid before the expiration of six months I Jjj Six months, when paid in advance ' Ho Advertising Ratal made known on appli cation at this oOlee. G. H. STEWARD, Attorney-at-Laic, Office—Delay's building, sth Streets, VANCOUVER, W. T. RANDOLPH BITCH, JL D., PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON, VANCOUVER, W. T. Office and lesldenee cor 9dfa tad H Streets Best COSB & DOWNING, Contractors and Builders, VANCOUVER, /'• Plans, Specifications and Estimates fUI»l* bed on short notice. E. T. McKINNEY, PHYSICIAN 4t SURGEON, VANCOUVER, \V. T. ;.i»"Omee at Y. Q. Henley's drug store. VANCOUVER DUU«"siOKE. DAY ID WALL - - Proprietor. DKUOS and MEDICINE*. FAINTS, OILS, VMtXISHI.S, HA 111 BRUSHES, PERFUXEHY, ToiM Articles, dr. A full assortment of ST A IIO.V Kill' Ke|)t constantly on hand. Ameriran Legion of Honor. Vancouver Council No. —, A. L. of 11. meets nt I. 0. <>■ K. hall, Vancouver, on the lirst and third Thursday evenings ot each month. Vis ilors from sister Councils cordially invited. S. I. MAIbSII, Com. 11. C. Dannai.s, See. Ulscp J llillMKlt, E. lll.riKK- K. HARMKR & BLI'ROCK. Washington Market jfejl'si Strre.t, Vii)u-ouvcr. Fresh Meats, Salt Meals, Hams, Bacun. Fish A Vegetable* Constantly on hand for sale. Prompt atten tion paid'to all orders. Market price* paid In cash for cattle., sheep, hogs and calves. Meats delivered in any part of the city free ot charge. TeUfCOUTSR KILL & MANUFACTURING Co, A. EVANS, IWsidtnt, Manufacturer* of aud dealers in all kinds of DOUR 3, BL.9NDS. Frames, Mouldings, Bracket*, Etc., Etc, Etc AT Lowest Rates. tsfOrders from the country will receive prompt and careful attention. Vancouver, July 10, ls*J HERE SHALL THE PRESS THE PEOPLE'S RIGHTS MAINTAIN, UNA WED BY INFLUENCE AND UNBRIBED BY GAIN. VANCOUVER, WASHINGTON TERRITORY, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 6. 1883. CARLOS W. SHANE, Notary Public. VANCOUVER, - - W. T. Snake Tribe No 4. impi 'yd O.K.M. Meeting every Friday evening it 7:: so p. m., at I. 0. ft t. h«ll. Members will refrnltte iheaMetvei accordingly. ISfebtS* A. O'TOQU, C. R. City Drug Store. P. Q UK ALKY, - • Proprietor. (One door north Hazard iV: t.'o.'s brick store.) Dealer in Drugs and Medicines, Fancy Goods, School Rooks hi Stationery, Oils, Faints anil Brushes. Physician's end family prescriptions made a specialty. City Boot & Shoe Store Hu* now received a full supply for Ihi cum mer trade, of all kii'iK uf BOOTS & SHOES, The largest stock In Clarke county, including Sandals end other novelties for Ladles' slid Misses wear. L&.sTHANP.mAi7.r;aroii cash: Regal ring and Custom Work promptly at tended to. Scwinir Macliini s fur -ale ah patterns <.f the Ringer and the Queen. TUT"PS TORPID BOWELS* _ DISORDERED LIVER, and MALARIA. nf From these sources nriso twee lourf hs or the Ulseuaes of the bumU race. Tnete symptoms lnd leaf o Uioliexistcncc: loss o. Appetite, Dowels costive. Melt Hsa<s -aehe, fullne<s after cntlns-, aversion to exsrtleo of body *>r lulud, Kroetnttou of food. Irritability of temper, iM » spirits, A f.cliiia; of tortus; ucfctccird same duly, Dizziness, laSJtte riur at tl;o Il.art, Bote ln-r<»rot>.e cyr«,ti!Kl«l;-col ored Vrlne, co.wril'ATlO.V, and do ruand tbo use of an-moilythst actadirectly on the Liver. AsnLlvormctUcliieTCTT'» »M lmvo no equal. Tlioir net lon on tin KUneysiiml Skin ls also prompt; rcmovlntr all Impurities through these three **sc«v laisfs of tha system," producing appo. Lite, sound digestion, n-Rular stonN a clear sklnnndavlrrorousbodv. TUTT'S I'IMI cause no nausea or griping nor Interfere with dally work and nro a perfect TUTTS HAIR DYE. GBAT Haw on WnisEvas changed In stantly to a Guwsr by a single ap plication of mis DT«. Bold by Druggists, or sent by express on receipt of •». Offloe, 44 Murray Street. New Yore:. xrrs manual or usefui uttmm Ftn. AT TIIK R. WOLF AN IMPORTANT ■>■:< Isiov A recent decision of the supreme court of Ihe I'nltcd States, in what is known ns ''the granger ease from Illi nois," settles an Important principle. The point involved waa the right of the state legislature to lix or modify the rates charged for the transporta tion of freight and passengers. A pas senger on the Chicago Burlington A Quincy railroad tendered eighteen cents for a ride of six mile, the law then in force limiting the charge to three cents a mile. The conductor de manded twenty cents, the tariff fixed by the company for a single | assage between the two points. Payment of the additional two cent I was tefused and (he passenger was ejected. This was in 1873, audit has taken ten years to reach a final decision in the court of last rMOrt, The railroad company was beaten in the state courts, and, denying the right of the state to inter fere with its business by fixing rates of fare and transportation, appealed to the supreme court of I lie United States. The main point urged by the railroad company was the unconstitutionality of the act of the legislature fixing a maximum rate of charges, on the ground that such restriction impaired the obligation contained in the char ter of the company. The supreme court deciilea that no incorporated company has a right to presume grants of immunity from legitimate legisla tion, and that unless the exemption is clearly established the legislature is free to act as the public interests may seem to require. In other words, the presumptions are all in favor of the state, and laws limiting the amount of charges for transportation must be regarded as valid unless the company can clearly establish its exemption. In this case the state had given the di rectors of the company power to estab lish such rates as they might deter mine, but with the proviso that the by-laws of the company should not be repugnant to the laws of the state. The decision is important in that it applies to all states having the legis tive power to regulate the charges of common canity*. The principle laid down Is a plain fine, that the company which claims immunity from restric tion in tlie matter of charges must be able to establish that claim by the terms of the charter. When the legis lature imposes a limitation by statute, the presumption is that the law is not only valid, but that it has been passed to subserve the interests of the public. This decision is in line with other re cent ones, both of state and national tribunals, and the principles it sets forth, though once not accepted so broadly as at present, may now be re garded as permanently established in our jurisprudence. Spokane Va\'h tftroniclc: We were shown some remarkably rich speci mens of ores which Professor Tiernan is preparing to send to the mineralog ical cabinet of the Northern Pacific Hallway company at their headquar ters in Mills building in New York city. The specimens are from mines awaiting development by parties con nected with the company and are lo cated near the line of the road in Mon tana, about a day's ride by rail from Spokane. Tin- specimens include gold silver, copper, galena and iron, and the silver ore is regarded by Professor Tiernan as the richest specimens known in any mineral collection in the world. His collection shows a wonderful combination and variety of the blending of different mineral ele ments, and Ts bewildering In the rich ness of color yielded and the immense value contained in a ton of the raw ore. The professor also discovered a new mine in Idaho on his return from Montana, which bears chloride* of sil ver and Indicates a rich yield. Smelt ing •■-•ill be the process for reducing these ores, and of course will require expensive machinery, but the ciusiplc tlon of the road makes this immense mining region easily accessible aud we may look tor developments. A young man named Tom Car mel, living near Walla Walla, while cleaning up hi* winter quarters, rak ing together straw from his hunk and burning it, was shot by the explosion of a cartridge which lay in the bunk, tha ball |>aeaing through and lacerat ing his cheek, knocking out the lower teeth on one side, tearing hie tongue and outliug arteries co that he bled nearly to death before) assistance ar rived. —«, The Walla Wall* Union publishes a Hat of 19 funnier- scattered throughout different pnrts <•( that county, giving the nuniUT of acres threshed and the yield per acre. The yield of wheat from the different crops was from 24 to 50 hushela per acre, but two crops going leas than :W bushels. The aver age yield on 1» lamia there given was *4 bushels per acre.' The Northwest will certainly have much wheat to •pars. Asckntok Mot'T RAMKK.-()n Aug. 2l!nd, Messrs. tieo. B. Bayley, of San Francisco; Wni, C. Kwing, of Ohio, and James Longmire and P, It. Van Trump, of this county, returned from a trip to Mount Kaiiier. The party were six days in reaching the top of the mountain, and remained one night on the summit. Kelice of Van Trump and Stevens' visit, several years ago, were found, although the appearance of the mountain had con siderably changed. They slept nt the same place in the crater occupied by the previous party, hutsufl'ered greatly by the heat of the crater and the cold atmosphere outside. They passed over two distinct craters, one joining the other, from which clouds of steam were continually ascending, though they saw no lire, even at night. This trip seems to have been atteuded with great danger and hardship, and none of the party seem to have any desire to make another ascension of this grand eld mountain.— Oiympia Tran script. "Harper's Magazine" for September is an exceedingly attractive number, varied in its contents, and richly il lustrated. One of the most timely of its articles is that ou "Recent Build ing in New York." Frank J). Millet contributes the llrst of two articles on Dalecarlia, Sweden, full of quaint de scription and beautifully illustrated. Mrs. Lucy Liliie writes, in her most charming style, of the Catskills. Her article is magnificently illustrated. I'aul Potter, the old Dutch master, ia tlie subject of a brief paper by E. Ma son, with three illustrations, includ ing a picture of the famous Bull. The frontispiece is an engraving by It. Hoskin from one of the drawings by Dure for Poe'e "Haven." tien J. I - . B. Marshall tells the story of 11is part in keeping the Knglish out of Hawaii in 1843. The Key. John 11. Tbouipsnu traces, in a very Interesting paper, the origin of the Hip Van \\ inkle le gend. The Editorial departments are full of timely and interesting mutter. The Immigration Bureau of the Northern Pacific Hailroad Co. has re cently forwarded a box of the splen did productions of the Northwestern enast to tha Cincinnati exposition, which begins Sept. Bth, and will con tinue a month. Among these speci mens are bundles of grain and grasses, and samples of Hour. As Washington Territory took the Centennial pre mium for the best wheat in the world, and Oregon the prize for the best flour, the present display is not likely to sutler in comparison witli what is shown at Cincinnati, and may result in convincing those seeking hornet that the statements they may have heard have net beeu overdrawu. Scene—A small lawn on Senaca street. Time—Noon. Personages—A parrot sunning itself on a porch In side its open cage door, and a strange dog wandering upon the lawn. The parrot speaksllrsl. "Sick! Sick! Sick him!" The dog with ears aud tail erect looks about for something on which to charge; he espies the parrot, aud an exciting scene ensues. From out of the confused mass of dog hair and parrot feathers comes a shrill try: "Uit out! l> —n you, git out!" l)og breaks for street. Parrot, after look ing at herself from head to foot, gravery exclaims: "Polly, you talk too much." (.'apt. Floyd says the Coqullle bar is much safer than heretofore, the government improvement having thrown the channel entirely north ot the rocks, giving a candy bottom on the bar. The great good already ac complished by the work oil i'oos buy and the Coquille are strongest possi ble argument* iv favor of liberal ap eropriatious by the nest Congress, ut 1- per cent, of the appropriations recommended on the Coquille has yet been expended, and not exceeding 3> )ser cent, at Coos bay. We are en couraged to believe that the utmost good anticipated by the most sanguine friends of the harbors will be accom plished by the works.-Coo* Bay AVtcs. There Is ■• tar ay las I*. When tlie youthful composers, Hu bert md Sullivan, launched Pinafore out upon ths uncertain sea of public favor they had but little idea of the revolution they would create In the line of comic opera. Thus it Was with Dr. Hwayne when he introduced his ointment for skin disease*. Its ap pears nee has been characterized by the curtailment of expeuee and the total annihilation of scores of worth less nostrums. "Truth is mighty aud will pravasl." , NUMBER 3. Absolutely Pure. Tliis powder BOVer varies. A marvel of pu rity, strength and whulesooießOe. More economical ttiau the ordinary kinds, and can not be sold hi competition with the multi tude of low tost, short weight, alum wr phot phute powdets Sold only In cane. KUYAI. BAKISO HOWDER CO., 106 Wall Street, New York Exchange Hotel, VANCOUVER, W. T. Finest *ntl Imi Located Hotel la lbs t lij . Two large sample rooms for Commercial Travelers. AccoeaaiiHlalhiae tlrit-claitt. T with the best the market atl (Hi Modbbatb. QlvewaeaU. .«•»«. lo and Irani all Hoots. PBUKimrM.* VAKATA. Proprietor*. ALTA HOUSE. (Corner First and U SlreeW,) VANCOUVER, - - W. T. Newly titled up and renovated. lint) Plrel-elsuM H.ntr la t'MCMfW —o — Superior accommodations fo>r Ladies end Families. Special attention paid to the comfort of Klie»ts. On Sundays and holiday* lireakfast will kg served from 7 to 10, lunch at 12, dinner at 4 o'clock, M il I.IN «t NLOAX, Proatr'a. WM. WOLLENWEBER, (orarr Slh mi I B Ntrreta. Vnucowetsr, Blacksmith and Machinist, Arc prepared to do ill kiud>|o( work In thai line. REPAIRING of Maeliinerv, Waifonx mid Farming Tool* ia ■Mat* a ipectalty, aevlaf the t>e»t of fa* il lie* for HWeh work. I'.dyfftl Tooln Made U* Order. Ilorav shoring carefully attended to 800 l & Shoe Shop. JAS. M OORMICK 11 n» returned to Vancouver, and 'opened a -hop in Ik* ialgali tiuildiiiK. » lie re he is pre pared to do CT7STOM WOKS of nil kniil-, ni-a work and repairing. Holing md Inc line »illi IMM top piece, mar* than DM piece, f I i*> All prices equal If moderate. Vancouver. May 92. lie* SPRING HAS COME, G. W. DTJROIN M»» received a lorare «toe k of xnew GOODS. I'ollftlMiltK of Choioo UHiH FRIES, (ROCKERY And a \tiTiT9 mv\vclu*u of FRESH GARDEN SEERS,' All «f wMch will be cold at the k>»**t IWlaf i at»-. (live m« a call. Free deliver, to anjr part ,>f tlir city V-ni Ml weed 4th mid Mb V*ni ouvrr. March Tth, IWSB. *X*«*Q|*«>B faPaaJaaaW-a* «--«-C^|*VeF*llalQal# WA&HOUOAL, w. t. Fritz Braun. Proprietor. The licit of d» «»d cimd table farm* had for (*iti'*U. W\nm, UtjMni k Omar* Aa4 tt mTii KliiiniK ia th* Una park tor •acaraloaa) and pic ale parti**.