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Official Papbr of City and Count*. Vancouver. Clarke County, Washington Territory. IRELAND'S WOE. I drove through the private demesne of Lord Dunsandle to-day. This place belongs to the estate. Hia lordship, who is now quite an old man, does not find the atmosphere hereabouts wholesome. He is living down at Kingstown, near Dublin. It is a little seaside resort, and also the departing station for boats to Holy head. There the disreputable ana im moral old lord is doing holy penance for his sins. Ha did more clearing of his lands than any man in Ireland for the size of his estates. His rents are said to be over 8100,000 a year. Besides the desire to put his land nnder grass, he had the second motive of gettting rid of many of his tenants. It was to get innumerable girls whom he had ruined off to America. He used to pay the ex penses of whole families who emigrated to America. HALS LORD, HALF PEASANT. The family name is Daly. All the children that he acknowledges as his were born out of wedlock. Willie Daly, his eldest son, lives on the demesne, and acts as his natural father's agent. He has several sisters. They stay on tbe place with bim. Though he sprang from the peaaantry, he is so unpopular with them that his own conscience tells him to go armed and guarded. The old lord married the mother of these children after all of them were nearly grown, through fear of outraged public opinion. He braved that for a long time, but a very serious talk of tarring and feather ing him, increasing popular indignation, and aggressive influence of the Catholic clergy compelled the reprobate to do what little he could by way of reparation on this earth. The woman is now dead. Had tbe old lord been compelled to marry all the mothers of all his chil dren, his plight wonld have been intoler able. He wonld have had to emigrate and become a saint at Utah. IIC THE LANDLORD S POWBB. However bad Dunsandle is and has been in his terrible conduct toward his peasant girl tenants, he may consol him self on what is only a greater regret to the world, that he is not alone. I find that on other estates in Ireland land lords did not scrapie to give comely peasant women their alternative of crime or eviction, which meant sin or death. Overworked and half-fed, poor,wretched women who yielded. They were scarcely able to combat. Many resisted at first and stood ont grandly for their chastity, and not a few, alas! fell early in the fray. It was an unequal match. The blandishments of hell, and of polished devils of men, aided by the pangs of hnnger and the necessary degradation of starvation, were too strong. THREATS OF HVICTIOK. F ally one-half of these larger land holders in Ireland worked the evils of their terrible machinations by tbe threat of eviction and by tbe reward of either a marriage portion of a free farm to a husband on marrying. Is it any wonder that many of them go armed and guarded by the police, while others fear to be seen at all? Before the peasant was a serf, a slave. Now he is a freeman. He is no longer afraid of the landlord. Cen turies of this slavery had gotten these benighted persons to submit to almost anything from a landlord, on the same principle as that the king can do no wrong. It is not so to-day; and I be lieve that much latter-day absentee land lordism is dne to a fear of retribution. Lord Leitrim paid the penalty of his foul wrongs. There are more to follow. LIVING OM THIRTY SIX CENTS A WEEE. Atßookeen, whioh is one-half mile from the entranoe, by one road, to the demesne of Lord Dunsandle, lives an old woman named Mary Broderick. She has no means of support, and she is too old to work. She is a public pauper. The outdoor relief officer allows her 36 cents a week. Tnat is all that tbe hu mane officer, who is a son of Lord Duns andle's bailiff, allows her for fuel, clothes and food. When I visited Mary Brod crick I fonnd her in great poverty. She was, however, thrifty, and the cabin looked neater and cleaner than many others I have seen. Another old woman, about her age, is in tbe cabin with her. She, too, is on outdoor relief, and baa to be greetful for the magnificent sura of 36 cents. "Can yon live on that?" I asked ber. "Well, yes, sir, I do, and on less, for I only spend 34 cents on myself, though I often want more to eet than I bare." "What do yon do with the other ptnnv (two cents)?" "Well, yon see, sir, I keep tbst, and every Saturday I buy a little wax candle with it and burn it in honor of tbe blessed Virgin." LOU DUaSAWDLS's STSTBB-IK LAW. "Could I scoff at such sweet, simple, abiding faith? Had even a more doubt ing saaa than I heard and seen that pure, good old woman telling, in her inno cence, of buying that candle to burn on Saturday ia respect to the aether of Jeans Christ, he would have, at least, leisisnssil the faith. Aa I loft the cabin tbe gentleman who had aoeoaepaatod me said: do 70a think of Mary _ f, Q, ahe ia a seat, respectable old "Test know who she is?" "I have heard. It does not seesa to be ear secret ia Owl way." "Wall, it ia tne; ahe to Lord Panama-1 die's sister-in-law. She is the sister of the dead woman who was the mother to all the Daly children np at the manor. She is blood annt of Willie Daly, who is. by some hook or crook in the bastard law, heir of the title and the estates of bis father, yet he lets her starve there within a half mile of his own home. Sometimes the Misses Daly stop to see the old woman and give her a sixpence or a shilling." WITHOUT FOOD OB SHELTER. I was not surprised then to find tbe worst possible specimens of misery among tenants who were no kin, when the annt to the lord's children was left a poblio panper almost by her brother-in law's gate. Everywhere yon go some one points out great fields under grass where he remembers nsed to live hund reds of peasant farmers, who have within forty years, from time to time, been hunted* from the land like rats from a bouse. Lord Dnnsandle turned ont 800 souls on tbe roadside from Kiltnlla one day witbont food or shelter. Many died on the road and in the workhouse. He tumbled down a house on an old man named Higgins. The wile dragged him out and bad him putnnder Clorreen Bridge, hard by. The lord ordered the tenant on whose land was tbe part of the bridge where Higgins found shelter to drive him away. Tbe tenant refused, and the lord, with help, drew the sluice snd tnrned tbe water in on the sick man. Some boys notified Martin O'Halloran— who told me the inoident—and he had the man moved under another bridge on a Mr. Joyce's land. Dunsandle wrote Joyce, asking him to send tbe man away from under the bridge, bnt tbe latter : was more hnmane, and declined to take | any action at all. Higgins lived nnder I the bridge for two years—winter and I summer —when he died. HOMES OF ABJECT POVERTY. In the bog swamps of Cahernakelly I found three families of hard-working people at a distsnee of abont a quarter to half a mile apart. My visit was at night. Not one of the oabins bad a light. None of the people had been to mass for ten years for want of deceut clothes. Not one of tbem had a change, and all the females had bnt one garment each, a coarse, patched woolen dress. The only food any of them has is Indian meal, and they do not have enough of that. One family of seven have been to bed several nights within the week fasting. They all have a little land, but it is bog and won't produoe; besides, the times since 79 have been so bad that they are not able to get seed to sow. In each case the fathers had been living on the land before them, one forty and one sixty years back. When, by tilling and drain ing, and clearing of bog, the land was so it wonld raise a little crop, the agent rackrented them. SAD SCEKES OF POVERTY. Tho first bouse was that of Michael Hannify. He has eight children. A ! pig-sty is walled off in one end of the cabin and a chicken ooop in tbe other. Both are empty. Boards are laid over tbe tops of these, and on tbem with very scant straw sleep the family. The father and the boys sleep over the pig-sty, and the girl on the shelf over tbe ooop. She has a wisp of straw between two poles, and there she sleeps without any cover but tbe dress she wears. Now, mark you, it is even difficult and often impos sible for these people to have straw enough to lie on. Tbe horses fare far better. Hannify has nine acres, for which he has to psy j£9 ss. Thomas Wbelon has seven in his fam ily. He has a goat and a donkey. The goat gives milk for the Indian meal stir about, wbieb his neighbors cannot have. Instead of sleeping on a shelf, he has a room where tbe chicken ooop in Hsnni fy's is. I saw the bed, dirty straw, and old sacks for sheets, and one filthy blan ket for cover. He has three and one half acres for £3. He has been on the place 10 years and the place is not yet fully reclaimed. It has taken two and three, end sometimes fonr generations to reclaim a few acres of bog land. He has one rooj of potatoes sown and the same space in oats. This is all tbe seed he could get. DWELLING IK HOPELESS MIBBBT. T. Reilly's bouse is worst of all. The frost wall is bulging and tbe tnrf-seed roof is held np by three poles from witbin. He is delicate. He has a wife and eight children and only one acre and a half of ground. When I entered this house the whole family were stand ing around a small plate of Indian meal stir about, without sugar,butter or milk. When it was gone a little child, far from satisfied, said: "Mamma, is ther* no more in tbe pot?" "No, Alanna, there ia not," was the sad response. These people have not even straw. They sleep on greea rashes, which I sew with my own eyes. During the summer these families earn two shillings a day. When that ia over and oold winter comes they have no other proepeet than to starve. Tbey seem to realise their sad plights. Their vacant stare of hopelessness is heart rending. It was ten o'clock at night, dark and raining, when I left this sad abode. Outside tha door, to my sarprise, were two police. They followed us from there all the way to the man road, and on as far as their barrack. They had bean eavesdropping.—Corr. Phil. Press. rrcMh UMBtIM c/ Wesson. Tba apostles of tho new etJneatioaal movement ia France teem in no wise frightened by the deficit in the bad get. The Upper Council, whioh decides on natters of public instruction, has jast approved of the immediate creation of 1 resume or railages for young girls— , that is, staideae from twelve to eighteen 1 years of age—in the towns of Nantes, Amiens, Armentieres, Cambral, Bonrg, Oueret, Boanne, Saint Etienoe, Nice, Cbarleville, Monlins, Montanban, Bheims and Paris. Tbe state pays 1,050,- --000 francs for the building in which it pro poses to establish the "lyoeum" in this city. It is impossible to any one un familiar with France to have an adequate idea of the excitement oreated in certain circles by this attempt to give the women of the country an education which is abreast of modern progress. The Catholios are even dangerously excited. An American friend who liyes in the south of France tells me that he believes that the Protestants in that section are almost as angry with the republic as the Catholics are, simply because of the many new measures whioh tbe govern ment is undertaking, and which, inde pendently of religions considerations, seem to populations long accustomed to a monarchy as "subversive" and diaboli cal. Two thirds of the southern French wonld go over with a rush to an Orleans pretender, shonld one arise. But I do not believe that one will arise; certainly the indications now are jua| the contrary; and the friends of re publicanism and liberty in all things oan comfort themselves by reflecting that if the repnblio can keep at work ten years longer it will have effected the radical ohange for which it is striving. The spread of education has already marked results in the country districts, where once ignorance reigned supreme. If the discontent at added bnrdens and duties can be allayed, France will soon be numbered among tbe European conntries whioh have decently instructed common folk.—Paris Corr. N. Y. Post. Parts and New Tork. M. Victor Hugo, writing in 1867 a preface to a guide book compiled in honor of the Exposition Universale,told hia readers that in another hundred years Paris wonld be the most wonderful city in the world. The prediction was variously verified within a tithe of the time fixed by the soothsayer, and not at all in the manner that he thought events would be ordered in the future. M.Hugo clearly did not foresee that in 1871 Paris would be half bunted down by the Com munards, and that the "wonderful" character of his beloved uity would be most eloquently asserted by the extra ordinary celerity shown in building anew the monuments and the streets which the insane insurgents had de stroyed. Next to Paris, however, New York, so far as the deyelopment of her population is concerned, m:.y be ranked as the most wondrous city of modern times. Recently published statistics have shown that just before the quarrel of Great Britain with her American col onies the population of New York was only a little over twenty thousand souls, while three years after the termination of the war of independence the inhabitants numbered twenty-three thousand. By 1790 it had rather diminished than in creased in populousness, but at tbe end of another ten years it had leaped up more than sixty thonsand. In the year of onr first great exhibition the Em pire city numbered less than 600,000 souls; while in 1880 tbe population was set down as 1, 206,299 souls. The popu lation of New York has thus doubled six times within a century, and the New York of to-day is sixty-four times as large as the New York of a hundred years since. To these remarkable figures has been added the enthusiastic calcula tion that there are children now at nurse who will behold a New York containing no less than ten millions of inbabitahta. Whether this colossal estimate is exclu sive or inclusive of the population of Hoboken, Suten Island and Brooklyn the statists do not say. But there are other wonderful things in New York which tbe dealers in figures have omitted to enumerate. New York, notwithstand ing the amazing development in popula tion, is still in many respects a very primitive city. It is still, so far as fea tures of architectural and social interest are concerned, a city of only two streets —Broadway and Fifth Avenue. The re maining avenues resemble one another as one pea does its fellow: and the one destinetive Bowery is only another av enue plus the nuissnce of tbe "L" rail road and an indefinite number of Ger man beer saloons. Finally, the pave ment of New York is nearly as bad as that of any other wonderful city—.Lon don; and it is to most intents snd pur poses—seeing that a hack driver "will not look at a fare under a dollar"—a city without cabs.—London Telegraph. A Human Caaaea Ball. "It waa jnat before the battle of Bhiloh," said Col. Watte to a reporter of the Louisville, Ky., Commsroial, when I was engaged carrying dispatches from one division to another located about one hundred miles south of us. Every pre caution had been taken to head off all communication and the greatest earebad to be exercised in keeping dispatches and the like secreted, so that in ease of the carrier being captured nothing of a tell-tale nature could be fonnd upon him. When I entered the scouting services I had four of my front teeth knocked out and had them replaced by false ones. These were hollowed ont be hind and admitted of a good sized message being secreted therein. "Oa the trip that I started out to tell about, I had my dispatch secreted as usual, and waa riding along very peece f ally in the disguise of a farmer going to the mill, when I waa suddenly surprised by tbe enemy. I pretended to be very mnch enraged at tees* makiag me their prisoner, but there waa no getting out of | it, for they had kinder dropped on me. Tbey proceeded to search ate and com pelled ass to take off every stiteb of cloth ing. These they ripped ap into ribbons, but of oourse, they found nothing, and I was beginning to feel safe, when, stand ing before them, perfectly nude, one of the fellows stepped up to me, slapping me on the back, said: "Ain't he fat? He'd make good beef." "This slap was so vigorous that out popped my false teeth. That settled it. The jig was up, snd I began contemplat ing my fate. Seventeen men jumped for those false teeth at the same time, and it didn't take long for tbem to find tbe dis patch, whioh read: "Send us 300,000 men at once." "So you were on yonr way for rein forcements, were yon?' said a big, red nosed captain sneeringly. 'Well, we'll jnst help you along on you journey. Bring up the mortar.' " 'Great heavens!' thought I, 'they certainly don't intend to blow me to pieces.' The mortar was brought up and planted, ard pointed in the direction in which I had been traveling. 'Double oharge her and stick this fellow in head first,' said the captain. They donble charged her and then foroed me in head first. Vivid recollections of everything mean that I had ever done in my life, flitted across my mind and, boys, I actually prayed. Bnt while I prayed I felt them ramming the charge home, and I concluded that my prayers were of no avail. "I smelled the powder right in front of me. And a happy thought strnck me. Something told me to eat the powder and I began on it. At every jam of the ram rod I swallowed an extra-sized mouthfnl, and when the ramming ceased I could see daylight through the touch-hole. A fuse was inserted and touched off, and no doubt the fiends retreated to a safe distance to watch my flight into Alabama. I heard the fuze sizzling as the fire drew to me, bnt I felt safe, for not a grain of powder had I left lying around loose. The would-be murderersoouldn't under stand why the gun missed fire, and they began drawing the charge to see whst ailed her. Just about the time they got me ont a lot of our cavalry charged upon them and I was saved; but, boys, I can taste that saltpeter and sulphur to this day. Mills' Gift. The statuary presented to the state by D. O. Mills is now in the rotunda of the state capitol. The marble and the heavy wooden casing weigh over six tons. The casing was partially removed to-day, but soon boarded up again. It was fonnd that the statuary was intact and not damaged. It has been packed for more than a year and is ve.-y dusty. The exposed and fi ail portions had been wrapped in rags to prevent injury. The group is of pure white marble upon a pedestal one foot thick, about six feet long and three feet wide. Tbe figures are life-size. Queen Isabella sits upon a throne that rises about two feet above the common pedestal. By her side half . kneels an attendant, who looks eagerly across toward Columbus, who stands near the queen, holding in his hand a globe with which he is demonstrating to her royal majesty that there must be another continent. The queen's face is turned that way and bears a look of at tention. One hand is also stretched ont as if in promise and assistance to the bold Columbus, Engraved on the front of the throne are the words of tbe prom ise given by the queen that she will fur nish the funds on behalf of her own kingdom of Castile, and pawn her jew els if tbe fund in the treasury should be come inadequate. The supposed lace on the rich raiment o? tbe queen is most delicately carved, ao are all the features of the figures, so far aa could be judged in the hasty look given at the dusty and half-bidden marble. Tbe bight of tbe central figure, tho queen, makes the total bight of the statuary about eight feet. The cost was 830,000. It was bongbt in Italy by Mrs. Legrand Lockwood and again sold to Mr. Mills. The name of the sculptor oonld not be fonnd to-day on the marble. The donor is also having the statuary pat in place at his own expense. As there is no state appropriation for such work, the donor will also pay for a granite pedestal four feet high, yet to be built. It will take a month to prepare this, and dnriug that time the statuary will not be open to pub lio inspection. Probably there will be some public exercises at the time of the unveiling.—Sacramento Bee, Aug. 22d. Such a Nice Haa. Coming down the river from the Flats tbe other day was a man about 55 years old, neatly dressed, white plug hat, kid gloves and appearing to be a real nice man. As he waa alone, some took bim for a widower, while others argued tbat he bad been disappointed in love in bis early days and had never married. Bnt be was nice. He chuckled to the babies, patted boys and girls on the head and sat right down among tbe ladies and related all tbe Indian legends of Lake St. Clair. Ever so many of them said he was the nicest gentleman they ever saw, and one little woman who turned np her nose at tbe idea of nis being too sweet for any thing was promptly wilted by a score of glances. When tbe boat arrived at Detroit the nice man with the white ping bat had agreed to see a lady and two children over the Central depot. Oh, no; it wouldn't be tbe least trouble to him. On tbe contrary, he waa delighted at the privilege. He had a satchel in either hand, and was in the crowd waiting for the gang-plank when a woman's voioe was beard crying from tbe wharf: "Tea, that's him-that's the miserable old deceiver I" The nice aaa suddenly dropped both satchels aad tried to push back, but the crowd wee so dense that he waa pushed along up the plank. He had ao sooner reached the wharf than his white bat went sailing, and a voioe hissed out I "Had to go to Pontiac on business, did ?on? This is the way to return from ontiao, is it?" He dropped the satchels again and broke for the street, hut she hit him whack! whack! whack! with an umbrella, and called after him : "It's the first time you've had on gloves in a year, and you've got your whiskers dyed since morning! Oh, you base old deceiver! Here the children and I haven't had a square meal in two weeks, and you are around playing masher!" "Give it to him," cried a voioe in tha orowd. "Oh. yon bet I will!" she replied. "I saw him before he did me, and he was trying to look purty and innooent, as if he hadn't been married twenty-three years and has seven of the raggedest children in Detroit! I'll sweeten him—l'll play masher till he hasn't a whole bone left!" "You bet!" " Yea, and you bet! Which way did he go? Who's got a club? '—Free Press. Do.'t. Don't go to bod with oold feet. Don't eleep in tbe same undergarments that are worn during the day. Don't sleep in a room that is not well ventilated. Don't sit or sleep in a draught. Don't lie on the left side too much. Don't lie on the back, to keep from snoring. Don't try to get along with less than seven or eight hours' sleep out of the twenty-four. Don't jump out of bed immediately on awaking in the morning. Don't forget to rub yourself well all over with orash towel or with hands before dressing. Don't forget to take a good drink of pure water before breakfast. Don't take long walks when tbe stomach is entirely empty. Don't start to do a good day's work with out eating a good breakfast. Don't eat anything but Well cooked and nutritious foods. Don't eat what you don't want, just to save it. Don't eat between meals, nor enough to cause uneasiness at meal time. Don't eat the smallest morsel un less hungry, when well. Don't try to keep up on coffee or alcoholio stimu lants, when natnre is oalling yon to sleep. Don't stand over hot air registers. Don't inhale hot air or fumes *>f acids. Don't fill the gash with soot, sugar, or anything else to arrest tbe hemorrhage when you out yourself, but bring the parts together with strips of adhesive plaster. Don't wear thin hose or light soled shoes in cold or wet weather. Don't strain your eyea by reading on an empty stomach or wben ill. Don't ruin your eyes by reading or sewing at dnsk, by a dim light or flickering oandle, or when very tired. Don't sing or halloa when your throat is sore or you are hoarse. Don't drink ice water when you are very warm, and never a glassful at a time, but simply sip it slowly. Don't take some other person's medicine be cause you are similarly affected. Don't bathe in less than two hours after eat ing. Don't eat in less than two hours after bathing. Don't call so frequently on your siok friend as to make yonr oompany and conversation a bore. Don't make a practice of relating scandal or stories calculated to depress tbe spirits of the sick. Don't forget to obeer and gently amuse invalids when visiting them. Don't call on your sick friend apd advise him to take some other medi cine, get another doctor, eat more, eat less, sit up longer, go out more fre quently stay, a week or talk him to death before yon think of leaving. Among the reoect communications in to the Anthropological society of Paris, says the Athene cum, iB a paper by M. Manouvrien on certain criminal type, as developed by tbe study of tbe skulls of assassins, in continuation of a discussion to which French anthropologists have recently been devoting mncb attention. He finds a small forehead aud a heavy jaw general cliaracteristics of this type. He tests first not only by direct measure ment of tbe frontal cerebral nerve, which gives 101 millimetres for assassins as agsinst 111 for Parisians as a rule, but also by summing np tbe several auricular angles, which gives a like re sult. _ Tbe degree of heaviness of the jsw in assassins and in Parisians ia represented by fifteen to thirteen. Tbe report of the commissioner of im migration for tbe state of Mew York shows that 39,374 emigrants landed at the port of New York from Angnst 3, 1882, to June 30, 1883, inclusive. Tho largest number landed in one month, 0959, was in May, 1883. and the small est, 1343, in January the same year. The dnty imposed by the board on returning paupers and persons unable to take care of themselves to the ports wbenoe they came, has been carefully exercised, and a large number of undesirable persona have been sent beck. FAS. APART. Beneath the qsaint old bridge yon bear. The wsves make music a. tbey peat; And winding to the elm tree near, ion see tbe pathway through ths grass Where wa wert wool to walk, alas" Tee item van dart a* of old Beneath the shade of willow trees; The sunlit waters gleam like told. And ripple to tbe gentle bietse; Bnt I am tax from thee and these! Tbe sky bends over, broad and bine. And in the suit and mellow tight You tread the lane our footsteps knew Ia former timet, when days were bright- Do these days bring tneb tveaet dellghir And .sUlithet lane with rraas Is green. with free ant flowers the banks are flair; In golden gloss and stiver sheen. Tie beat stUl haunt tba balmy air, Bui yoa tall lo nod me there. Again, perehanoe. I My not ess ,J-**_ r f* ,UB « row * <* »«*»» *•» (Whlea lent »laefr even •MMltolMlciiMtnigSti. Whew ratttag ton*** Ml MtaauToUl. And WtsibWM MM snd ef ail.