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TBIED ON DRUMHEAD.
SOME NOTED ARMY AND NAVY EXECUTIONS. ; A Qnarttr' Breed Who Died Hhijlii* a Pemlnote Death Sons - Summary Treatment of Kmlgn Spencer and Hla Companions. The articles of war In the regulations governing the army and navy provide that no deata sentence shall be carried out without the approval of the chief executive. Times have been In the twin »ervic. s. however, when the exigencies of discipline have seemed to demand that soldiers and sailors should be shot or strung up without waiting for word either of approval or disapproval from headquarters at Washington. A few of these summary executions marls the last chapters of some of the uiost thrill ing tales of campaign life on sea and land. One of the earliest of these "death examples" set by commanding officers In tlie field who constituted themselves the last reviewing authority was that of a quarter-breed Seminole Indian who, enlisting In the United Stat** army, endeavored to betray the brave little band of Major Dade to the hostile reds In the everglades of Florida. The story of this execution and of the cir cumstances leading to It Is but little more to d:iy than an army tradition, the whole thing being Involved In much mystery. Not long after the shooting of the quarter-breed, 1 Rule's entire command was annihilated by the Seml noles. Allut st the only thing which to day recalls that tragedy of the swamp* Is a plain white marble shaft which rises at WVst Point n>t far from Kos ciusko's garden to commemorate the death of I.tade and of his 30U Intrepid followers. Osceola, the chief of the Semlnoles. law a number of his subordinate lead- EXECUTIONS IN THE AItMY AND NAVY. ens sign u treaty with the whites by which the Indians' land was to be giv en up. Osceola, asked to sign the pa- I>er, stepped forward, drew his hunting knife and struck its blade through the document and deep Into the desk upon which it was laid. "There is ray sig nature," ho said, and strode from the room. From that Instant war was on. One of the witnesses of this fearless act was the soldier whose blood was one-quarter Indbn. It stirred in him an admiration for Osceola that made him swear to himself later to aid the Indian chief's cause. A familiarity with the country on the part of the quarter-breed led I»nde to select him is a guide. The soldier led the com mand straight to an ambush, which was discovered by a fortunate circum stance just In time to save the com mand from the annihilation which, however, came later. There was a drumhead courtmart'al. The guide was sentenced to be shot at sunrise. His last requests were granted. He remov ed from his person all signs of the uni form of the United Stated. He put on leggings and hunting shirt of deerskin. Then this man, three quarters white and only one-quarter red, sang the death song of the Seminole Indians and died wlih live bullets in his breast. If a man will picture to himself the sensation that there would have been In the United States If Admiral Dewey had strung up to yardarm "until lie was dead" the sou of Secretary of War Alger on the charge of mutiny and had done thia without communicating with the authorities at Washington, he may pet some adequate Idea of the excite ment of the American people In the year 1543, when It was learned that Captain Alexander Slidell Mackenzie of the brig S>raers had hanged Ensign Philip Spencer, the son of President Tyler's secretary of war, John C. Spen cer. This execution took place on the blsh sons and with Knsigu Spencer Were hanged Ordinary Seaman Small and Boatswain's Mate Cromwell. Prior to iK'lng older, d to the Somer* Spencer had been ou a ve# el In the south Atlan tic squadron and while there had be come Involved In some practices which secured his removal from his vessel, lie was saved from dismissal from the service by shwr force of li's father s political influence. When he was or dered to Captain Mackenzie's brig that officer objected to the assignment, say ing that he had no use for the "base son of an honored father." Spencer went along, however, and for a while behav ed himself fairly well. There were twelve officers on the brig, with a crew of twelve able seamen and about ninety apprentice boys. The Somers' destina tion was the African coast, where It was to aid in the protection of Ameri can commerce. When It was about halfway across It was noticed that Spencer <vu hobnobbing with the crew; that he was giving some of the men money and others'braudy and to bacco. Oi;e night a seaman named Wales Imparted secretly to Captain Mackenzie the details of a plot concoct ed by Spencer to murder all the officers and to seize the brig for the purpose of entering upon a career of piracy. The story that Wa'es told was so horrible In Its outlines that Captain Mackenzie treated it at first with ridicule, but the actions of certain members of the crew soon showed that there was something In the wind. The officers held a con sultation and agreed that Spencer's ar rest was imperative. The ciew was as sembled at evening quarters when the son of the secretary of war was arrest ed. L"|wti his i-ei-oii was found the de tails of the plan for killing the officers, seizing the ship and the throwing over board of the younger apprentices, whom the paper referred to as "useless biscuit consumers." The document was written entirely In Greek, Spencer being a classical scholar. Luckily there was another officer on board who read the language. After the seizing of Spencer many of the crew became disobedient, sullen and mutinous in action. Then Captain Mackenzie ordered the arrest of Small and Crura we.l. After this the sullen ones among the crew b.'haved worse than ever. The otliceis held a consulta tion aud it was agreed that unless an example were set the Somers would meet the fate of the B innty. They sign ed a recommendation that the three ringleaders be hanged at the yardarm. The three culprits were strung up, Spencer and Small confessing their guilt and saying that they deserved their fate. When the Somers reached New York Captain Mackenzie commu nicated with the department, A court of inquiry was ordered and he was c". eared from blame. In «p te of this fact his chief, the secretary of the navy, ordered his am st on the charge of murder. He was tried and acquitted by a board of officers aud Ties.dent Ty ler approved the verdict. After the close of the civil war Gen eral Custer was ordered to western Kansas to check the ravages of the Kl owas, Comanches and Arapahoe®. He was then a lieutenant colonel In the reyular establ slunent, but lie had an independent command In the Held. Cus tir was at a long distance from head quarters and with no means of commu nication. During months of campaign ing he was practically a law unto him self. He crushed the Indians, and, to use his own words, he expected when he returned to civilization to at least have It said to him, "Vou have done well." Instend of this verbal patting on the back from his superiors, how ever. Custer wns ordered Into arrest on the charges of cruelty and of ex ceeding his authority In the field. It was declared at the time that Custer had ordered a detail of men under a noncommissioned officer to go out from camp and bring back some men who, having secured some liquor, were hav ing a Jollification at a distance on the prairie. It wns charged that he order ed th« sergeant to shoot the men in case they refused to return. The men, beihg hilarious with liquor, did refuse to return and the order of. death win carried out. Despite Cus'er's magnlti cent career In the civtl war, this tak ing of the law Into his own hands was not condoned and he was sentenced by a court-martial to two years' suspen sion from rank, pay and command. The army execution most pathetic In | detail and surroundings and yet which was wholly Justitiab.e apparently l>y the circumstances was the shooting of Private C. B. Henry by order of Lieu tenant Greely In the far north. Greely s party was starving to death. Its con dition was getting more terrible eaeh day. A few shrimps and a little edible moss was all that the explorers could get to sustain life. Some of theui were already dead from starvation. Henry was detecte 1 on several occasions stealing more than Ills share of the food. He was warned three times and his offense was condoned. The other members of the party saw Henry gain ing In strength day by day, while they weakened by starvation. Theu once more he was detected stealing food. Greely wrote out an order of execution, loaded three rifles, two with ball and one with a blank cartridge and gave the weapons with the dea'h warrant to three men. An hour later from far over the !ci? came the reports of three rifles. Henry was dead. After the res cue the report of the execution was sent to Washington. One of the short est orders ever issued from the war de partment was the answer: "No court of inquiry necessary, li. C. D»uiu, Ad jutant General." LAW AS INTERPRETED. Land bought by a Judgment credltoi In good faith on execuilon sale is held, In Pugh vs. H'ghley (lnd.», 44, L. K. A. 3.-2, to be free from secret equities. An ordinance grautlng the exclusive privilege to maintain waterworks in a town for thirty years is held, in Thrift vs. Elizabeth City (N. C.), 44 L. It. A. 427, to be In contlict with the constitu tional provision against perpetuities and monopolies. The Ineligibility of a person who re ceives a majority of the votes cast for an office is held In State ex rel. Goodell vs. McUeary (Vt.), 44 L. It. A. 440. to give the minority candidate no right to the office, at least when those who vot ed for the other person did not know that he was Ineligible, An Increase In th.» value of a home stead Is held, in Gowdy vs. Johnson <Ky.) 44 L. 11. A. 400. to be Insufficient to authorize a revaluation and reassign ment—at least if the increase was not rapid or extra rdlnary and no unrea sonable outlay had been made on the premises. The failure to furnish automatic car couplers in common use for fieight cars Is held, la Troxler vs. Southern Hiil road company (X. C.), 44 L. It. A. 313, reaffirming the decision in Greenlee vs. Southern ltallroad Company. 41 L. It. A. 3JO, to cons'ltute negligence per se, for which a railroad company Is liable to an etnpl ye uhs> is injure 1 In attempting to couple cars having skel eton drawheads of unequal height. White L<lrs In So-I' ty. A man of doubtful veracity Is respon sible for this, accord lug to Polly Pry in the New York Herald: "Nothing amuses me so much." he writes to me, "as to notice the efforts of two women who have Just been in troduced to Impress each other with their Import; 1 nee. "It generally takes some such shape as this: "'I am delighted to meet you. I henrd Mr. Smith say such sweet tilings about you.' "'Awfully nice of you to say so. Which Mr. Smith was ItV The cousin of the Vanderbilts?' " 'Not exactly—lt was ' " 'We know the Vanderbilts very well. And ' " 'No. It wasn't that Mr. Smith. It was the one that we met at George Gould's, "lie Is ' " 'Did you go to the Bradley Martins' great dinner?' " 'No; It was awfully provoking, but we had an engagement that uiglu at the Waldorf to meet Prince ' " 'Indeed! That's the great trouble in society; so many dates clashing, don't you know! Why, the night we made up a box party for the opera— that wonderful performance of "Faust," you know—we had to give up attending a mulscale that ' "And so on and so on, until the two fair frauds retire to their respective corners—l mean rooms—each satisfied that the victory Is hers." Vn»| predated. The teacher of a district school In Maine tells a story that reminds one of Mary and her little lamb, only It is of Joe and Ills little dog. Joe was a boy about 8 years old. and was devoted to a small, lank puppy. Out of school hours boy and don were Inseparable, and Joe apparently could not reconcile himself to the necessity of leaving the dog at home. For sev eral mornings the teacher allowed the puppy to remain at Joe's feet under the desk. Then there came a day when the small dog could not be kept quiet, but frisked nl>out, to the delight of the school and the dismay of the teacher. "Joe," she said, tirmly, "you must take that dog out." Joe looked at her mournfully, but picked up the pup, anil with Its head against his cheek started for the door. The boy's feelings were evidently hurt, but be said nothing until he reached the door, then giving his teacher a re proachful look, with a pitying glance toward Ills dog. he said, slowly, "And he's named for you!" When you hate a man, either tight kim or My nothing. CARNEOIC'S PHILANTHROPY* H.* Btgnn Hl* Great Task of °" ln « A w«T HI. for*""*- Andrew Carnegie In a recent inter view expressed hi. sentiments as to the responsibilities of persons owning a large sum of money. So far as he himself is concerned, he said that he should gradually give away h s for tune. bestowing It in installments where It would do the most good-a most reasonable disposition, not only because there ore no pockets in shrouds but also because he can be sure that the money is used as he wishes it to be. It Is probable no one but Mr. t>ar uegie knows how much money lie has, but the rate at which he Is giving it away Indicates that his fortune Is an immense one, as he apparently contem plates continuing his donations for sev- ANDREW CA JIXKGIE. ernl years to come. This year he has given over $2,500,000, and, with the ex ception of about $150,000 given to edu cational Institutions, it has all gone for the building of libraries. The benefl claries are Washington, D. C.; Pltts burg, Pa.; Atlanta. Ga.; Erie. Pa.: Knst Liverpool, Ohio; San Diego, Cal.; Wa co, Dallas and Pittsburg. Texas; Beaver Falls, Pa., and Emporia, Kau. The largest gift was to Pittsburg, Pa* amounting to $1,'750,000. The latest is to Washington, D. C., the people of which city heretofore have been de pendent upon the Congressional Li brary. His scheme for the erection of a public library In the capital city is peculiarly interesting. He has twice Increased his original donation of $250,000, bringing it up to $350,000. It Is not remarkable that Mr. Car negie's donations should take the di rection of libraries. He is fond of books and study and appreciates the value of libraries to the people. He knows that they are the best means for enlightening and helping them and that they are essential auxiliaries of education. The libraries which he Is creating all over the country will be permanent tributes to his generosity as well as to his discernment of the in tellectual needs of the people. FAMOUS BULLDOG IN ENGLAND. A Valnable Animal with an Almost Unbeaten Kecord. Probably tbe most famous bulldog In England Is Champion Baron Sedge mere, who, with his kennel companion and own sister, Champion Battledora, has recently been bought from his breeder and late owner, Sam Woodl wlss. by I<\ W. Taylor, of Sunniside, Sunderland, for tlie large sum (even In these days, when dogs of all breeds fetch prices undreamed of a quarter of a century ago) of $;5,000. Champion Baron Sedgemere Is one of the famous litter by Stockwell, ex-Champion Black berry, born in ISO 3, which also includ- bxolamd's famous $3,000 nnt.LDQO. Ed Champion Boaz, G. It. Sims' well known Barney Barnato and Baroness Sedgemere. The Baron Is a light weight, and Is a red dog with a white chest marking; he Is good all round, and his head Is one that certainly has never been surpassed. His large and phenomenally wrinkled square skull, with Its great length from eye to ear, his magnificent turn-up and lay-back, fill the heart of every bulldog fancier with envy and admiration, and, look ing at him, no one can wonder at hds almost unbeaten record. V« ry Raw Recruits. The life of the Russian soldier Is a hard one, and the bondage of compul sory service weighs cruelly upon the peasants throughout the Czar's domin ions. Attempts to escape enlistment are made coutlnually, but the simple minded peasant is no match for the alert aecrultiug officer. At a recruiting station In eastern Russia a peasant pleaded deafness and would not answer any question put to him. "You can go home," said the exam ining surgeon In a very low voice, and the man at once started for the door. The shout of the surgeon brought him back, however, and he was Informed that be bad successfully passed the medical examination. The Philadelphia Record tella an other story of an unwilling recruit. He was a big strapping fellow, possessing the strength of a Hercules; but be de eland that the ludex and middle fin- Mrs on his right hand were Joined to other and could not be taken apart. The appearance of the fingers did not Indicate, however, that such was the fact, and the examining surgeons, who were strong men themselves, tried with all the strength they possessed to sep arate the two Angers, and after a great 1 deal of exertion gave up in disgust. At last a clever thought struck one o. them. ... ••Tell me," said the surgeon, 'how were your fingers before? Were they always like this?" ••This way," replied the unsuspecting young peasant, and he opened his fin gers as easily as anybody else. He was astonished at the laughter his act evoked. The surgeons did not attempt to examine him further; he passed. CHICAGO GIRL WEDS A COUNT. Mlm Lindblom Pecomes the Wife ot Chnrle* Ake rnul', of Sweden. . .1.1 Unn «IltAl>an tntf Another Chicago girl has entered tn« circle of European aristocracy by mar riage. A few days ago Miss Vesta Raven Lindblom, daughter of Robert Lindblom, became the wife of Count Charles Ake I'auli of Sweden. The Countess Taull, who is 23 years old, is not only decidedly pretty, but was one of the cleverst business women in Chi cago. She had acquired a thorough knowledge of the office routine of the brokerage business by being her fath er's secretary for three years, and when be failed a few years ago »h« and her uncle formed the new firm of Lindblom & Co., and reopened the old offices. The business was successful, and Miss Lindblom applied for mem bership in the Board of Trade. This made quite a sensation on 'Change and brought the plucky applicant con siderable notoriety. She was not ad mitted to the Board, but she kept right ou doing a profitable commission busi ness. While Miss Lindblom was thus brought before the public, Count Pau.l TUB COUNTESS PAULI. became aoquatoted with her. He ad mired her Ameriea.il dash and Inde pendence, and at once fell In love with her. A Woman'* Problems. When breakfast things are cleared away The same old problem's rising, For she again sits down to think Of something appetizing. The dinner she must soon prepare, Or give the cook directions, And great is the relief she feels When she has made selections. When the dinner things nre cleared away The problem that is upper Is just the same with one word chang ed — "What can I get for supper?" She wants to give them something new, And long is meditation, Till choice is made, and then begins The work of preparation. When supper things are elerred away Again her mind is worried , For then she thinks of breakfast time, When meals are often hurried. She ponders o'er it long until The question is decided. Then bustles 'round till she makes sure That everything's provided. Three times each day, week in, week out, This problem she is meeting. And often she is sore perplexed In making plans for eating. For one likes this, and one likes that, And what is appetizing To some is by the others spurned As food that they're despising. That "woman's work Is never done" Has often been disputed, But that she's worried is a fact, And cannot be refuted. The worry over what to eat Is greatest of these questions, And glad she'd be if someone else Would make the meal suggestions. —Pittsburg Commercial-Telegraph. President Lincoln and the Flower*. President Lincoln, with his great, kindly nature to which children and music appealed so strenuously, was of course passionately fond o8» flowers, and during his administration the con servatories assumed a form very sim ilar to their present appearance. Very often when Lincoln wished to be abso lutely alone he sought the solitude of the conservatory, and those about him, as soon as they became appreciative of this fact, exercised the greatest care that his wish for privacy should be re spected. Often when the cloud of war and desolation hung darkest over the country the old gardener In charge would come suddenly upon the Presi dent standing dejectedly among the foliage, his eyes bedlmmed with tears. —Waldon Pawcett, In Woman's Horn# Companion. < Boon to Impeoonlons Smokers. Mr. Buchsland, a German scientist, has discovered that tbe aroma of bacco Is due to microbes, and It Is said he will patent, if be can, a process for making cbeap cigars smell like expens ive ones. No man's authority Is as great with his employes after they have found that bis wifo makes ber boys w«or long curia. ncw to.* Day hJB The llMindH flee In the ftfcSß It UkHiH insurance mM|H opposite lews. Tbe |9 h ni for tlx aSH and tlh>d,*fMr)9 victim Into feljSß bad turned MftiS "Told tbe big M|S a l»out a sister and a lot "All of said tbe that the blf again, "yon health. can't make this butlttotfl|^^^| insurance take all Jected by tbe "That would wouldn't It?" - "I don't think would charge would bank Haven't you strong fellows, the first death, maybe. to see tenacity case of a man lie takes no against ciian remedies that, while he prolongs bit the healthy fellow of chances. report on the and can't make nature, but It's Herald. Fake unti ._« "When a criminal some case says standing at a opens mouth until Its sides ach^^^H "When It Is of fake detectives be seen It will mouth and strain Is the "Many years the best way to handed was to let the police. So taken Into the orally has to act himself order to draw the to him while the metaphorically, fact that this still is, followed bj European and police force is medation." In 1730 when Nadir Slinh, after Moguls at habitants were treasure was of at least value was writer says when Alexander I>arius, the its gates to tlie taiued, though city, enormous been collected by later at Sura he little later city, and the was captured by sacked and the The plunder been worth enormous stores of precious stones, the Persian nionarcl^^l Other Thomas—My way that creature bootjack I'd throw perhaps we'd get York Herald. Manna In Arabia tbe In the sandy which apparently of tbe Bible and for both men and ter Is to be had. sand after every M little heaps. It M and the separate ■(HH big as peas. It MIHH and Is uutrltlous. Colony ofal In Bielefeld, ony of epileptic* 1,500. Tbe coloejrjgog 1080, and P< tlH 'fH world go there One-balf tbe Ml Into victories by H