Newspaper Page Text
Opinions of Great Papers on Important Subjects. INCOMPETENCE IN THE NAVY. 11M colliding and grounding In New York harbor of three of t'nele Sam's biggest lighting macnines allow our navy is not projierly officered. From $0,000,0n0 to $lO,tN)(t.<NjO of tin* people's inon*\v Is In vested in each of these boats. Extreme car* should he exercised in their handling so that the period of usefulness he made the greatest possible. Vet hi our own witters, beneath n fair sky ami. with a high tide running, these warships had to be grounded to avoid sending one or more to the bot tom and. while in this tlx. a not Iter was rn tuned. A sufficient excuse for this Inefficiency will l»e hard to find. «>ur warships art* neither pressed for time nor tide: they can stay at anchorage until fogs and tempestuous seas disappear and until there is water enough in shallow places to get out safely into the oftlug. Such flimsy pretext as not having a pilot on each vessel or that the water in the channel was at low tide will not answer. The truth Is the boats were so close together and going *o fast that the slightest Interruption in speed was eertaiu to result disastrously. Th'»se *l:ips are fitted with every modern device to les sen speed in an emergency but the proximity was such that even these safeguards were unavailable. The Ken tucky's sides were rammed so badly that it will nptire a month to repair the damage. The wonder Is that she escaped going down, only for a «111icU reversal of the engines in the Alabama the consequences would have been tragic. The friends of an enlarged navy are east down by tin* Inexcusable blunder in New York bay At a time when Congress was being importuned to vote large Kttms for new warships this collision takes place to throw cold water on their urging. The question at once presents itself: Is it worth while to authorize new sli ps when those in commission are In incompetent hands': Would it not be wise to spend money to make officers capable and trustworthy before making addi tions to our naval strength, only to have the new boats served by those untitled lor the task? Ctlca tJlobe. WE ARE NOT -GOING TO THE DOGS." ■—- L - - ANY have got :ui idea, from the <<MKntlon.il announcements of measures under way, that tin* people of this country are engaged in a !ife -and-deatli struggle with the great financial ami industrial interests, i'!i" people have been pictured as helm; strangled in iln» tentacles of hideous octopl until i:i:iny seriously believe tliat to be their real condi tion. That there are wrongs In big business enter prises :;nd in small, there ran ho no ipicstlon. That v.isc remedies better tho condition of all is not to he doubted. I»ut tint this country is iroinj; to tho demultlon how wows unless things ar<* promptly turned upside down an i inside out is poppycock. The whole business struc t ir.» re-is and has always rested on the eouvletion that men wiil fulfill their obligations and deal fairly. This is tit-' f-vuv.dation of credit. Ninety live jn»r cent of the t >t:11 business transactlons of tliis country are curried on, not in i'jisli. but in credit based on that conviction, show ing how general it is and how lirin, 4'onlidence, not suspicion, is and must be the prevail- 'l. ' / 7 "What is the cause of all tills hark ing, iiiadame? What is the cause of all this Imrkhig?" exclaimed i'a Jones, us !i" impetuously rushed in to tliehap py honi" nnil threw his hat and coat on the hall rack instead of tlie usual spot on tiie west end of the piano, "iiii' might think that thW house was a k'oodlc pound! *»ne might think that you were giving an imitation of a ciiiiine chorus ill the good old dog days! Have you ail taken cold at the same time'; I* id you liml a job lot of Itltluouza mi a bargain counter, and liny the whn'p business? I heard you whooping i! up a mile down the street! I heard you above I lie dill of the trol leys! There is no mistaking 1 lie sweet contralto sneeze of your dear mother! There is no mistaking " "Don't get overheated, you nice old yap!" interrupted Ma t savagriy ilirow- Itg her e:isrie eyes on the esteemed llenry. "There Is no use having a rush of l.iood to the vacant room in your dome: It isn't my ft Mill because we have all taken cold! It Isn't my fault hecHcse you were so close listed that you wouldn't get weailtei strips for the ii . n-s! Hut it will lie my fault If we tloh'; get cured, and that pretty i|tliok! So you Just sneak to the 'phone and call up the doctor! lie w isii'i iii when I "What's that. madame? What's that. Mrs. Jones?" wis the shoutful Interjection of I'a. "l'lease sing that Again so that 1 can catch tlie tunc! Kindly hum 1; again so that I will know when in on the dance ii':! Do you think that I am going to encourage a doctor In a game of graft like that? Do you Imagine for one moment that I am going to p.iv a medlcnl geezer at the rate of two dollars a l ead jllst to collie here ami tell you all to dress warm ami keep your feet dry? Not on your life, angel v/Vc! Not on your life! 1 will he the di'lor! I w ill he Ills S'|iil!!ful nibs! I wlll "!s that so, Mr Jones?" rejoined M i, la a palpitating tone. "Well, don't you think It! Don't you even dream It! Vou can take all the patent slush wish that you want to, from speckled l.iir dye down to painless corn oint ment, but I want you to distinctly un it ■ s'anil that you can't give me any of your coon song and banjo cough euro, even if a thousand testimonials do ootue wJjlj every dose! 1 am " Editorials "What's tlie matter wllli you, wom iiii'.' W'lint's tin' in:ill<*r wllli you?" .v«"11>fill 1 v responded I'ii, wllli a pretzel look on his i>>illl<>il features. "Don't you suppose thnt I know how to make cough medicine? Iton't you suppose I know the innredlents of a euro that wouhl make a hospital look like the first nli| to the Injun*!? Who over heard of calling In a doctor to tinker i cough when I was a lio.v? Who over hoard of going to bed with ii cold and having bouquets and scented notes of sympathy sent you down on the farm? No one, mndame! No one! You sim ply stay In the house long enough to take a little homemade syrup and then no out and monkey in the snow to keep down the fever! I have had more cold spells than you could find in a l'."ef Trust refrigerator, and all that my good old mother ever did was to saturate me with kerosene mid feed me on molasses and vinegar, and——" "1 can easily helleve it. you sweet crook!" hroke in the taunting Mil, con temptuously. "Vou are full of kero sene yet, and——" "Silence, woman! Silence, lovey dovey!" thundered I'a, ragefully. glar ing at Ills devoted Mary. "Vou have said enough! Vou have sprinkled on a little of the Smith extra! How dare you throw the harpoon into the time | honored methods of my good old mother'.' Ilow dare yon pose us au authority on theriipeutlcs? What | right have you- " "<ih. for heaven's sake, shut up, you si|tiawkful i|itawk!" shonteil Ma, with evident annoyance. "Vou are worse j than a chirpful singing society! Why ! don't you forget your crouch nnil I phone for the doctor! Why don't "1 won't shut up, dear soul! I won't shut up!" relumed I'a, explosively, as I lie started for the kitchen, followed Ihy Ma. "I refu-l* to lie muzzled! I j refuse to permit the Smiths to run the roost! I am the main guy of this gang, and i am going in prove to you | I lie efficacy of my good old mot Iter's medicine. I am going to make you eat crow! I iiiii going to stew up some of i that syrup as a matter of vindication! Where do you keep your pans': Norah, | set me the molasses! Vou may also trot out tlie vinegar! Now, then. Smithy, take a look and get wise to the ways of domestic remedies! Vou will notice that its these ingredients begin to sizzle I liegln to stir! Vou | will Norah, bring tue a litink of lnit j ter and a lump of lard! That's right. ; now, get a hustle on vou and fetch a j dash of mustard. some ginger, and " "Aren't you a smart old hero?" in- I ierpose<l Ma. sarcastically, as she i watched the mixful Henry. "Why ing lone of the business world. The proceedings of the bankruptcy court show strikingly tlint the great ma jority of business failures are not tainted by dishonesty or dishonor. We hear more about delinquencies of all sorts than we did when the facilities for gathering news were meager. And every* little village ami country cross roads even has Its self-appointed oracle, who may not know enough to earn a dollar and a half a day, but who Imagines lie clearly understands the most Intricate mys teries of great business enterprises Involving millions of capital and employing tens of thousands of men, and noisily preaches the doctrine that great success Is great fraud. Hut the broader minded optimist sees that justice, honor and honesty are the normal condition that they rule as n matter of course In social and business rela tions. Millions of Instances In which they are In evi dence never appear under startling headlines of a news paper. They are far too ordinary lo constitute "news." An holiest man creates no sensation 11s he passes along the street attending lo legitimate business, but the thief In custody attracts a crowd, lies Moines News. EVIL OF TOO MANY CHURCHES. MKRHW lms too nitiny churches. Towns which might ho well administered spiritual ly hy one clergyman or two have six, eight or ten. No one of the six or more congre gations can pay for 11 good preacher. Few of them can pay all the cost of any preach er, however poor. Nor can any one of tliern pay for all the time of their spiritual leader. So only very young men are to he had, ami the demands upon their Hme cover so wide a territory that preaching must he almost t heir exclusive occupation and pastoral duties he almost entirely disregarded, 'hie of the clergymen ob serves tersely and Justly: "No business could Hour*"*! by that method and few churches can." Washington Times. THE TELEPHONE IN THE COUNTR7. S' important phase ol' tln» nirnl invasion o* the telephone has been ils perceptible effect mi tlie value of liuuls. it Is <>m record (hut two or three yenrs utter the establishment of lines through the eouiitry districts the prices uf i.ilids to rise nipiiliy ; Imini urnnt* come in with greater freeilom ; ham lets develop into town; cross roads develop into hamlets nnd in the moil lit i 1110 quotations for wild and Im proved lands arc steadily advancing. The thing is, of course, too new as yet to permit any hroadilist prophecy In this direction, but thp healthful trend Is already ap parent.—Atlanta Constitution. MARRIAGEABLE GIRLS. Is very diflicult to say what laws roprnl:it•» >roposnls—why sonic Klrls attract atten lon only, while others attract "attentions." l'here are pretty and popular women to tvlioin nobody proposes; there are plainer ines with whom every second man tin N Jilmself contcmplatint; marriage. Lady's Itealm. don't you put in a little shoe polish and sand soap? Why don't you— —" "Who is doing this, madaiue? Who is doing this?" was the snarlful re joinder of I'll. "Who Is conducting this laboratory? Who Is so kindly ex hausting his chemical knowledge to cure your dear mother's cold when she ought to be Oslerlzed? Why don't you' take a sneak? Why don't you vanish like other ghosts? Why don't yon attend to your own business, and be thankful that you have a guardian angel named .limes to look after you?" So saying I'a resumed work on his syrup, and did not deign to notice the bunch of flattering compliments that Ma generously threw nt him. The cough cure was finally cooked to I'a'* satisfaction, and after it had been properly cooled and bottled, the amateur chemist seized a tablespoon and smilingly turned to Ma. "tali your mother. Mrs. Jones! Call your mother!" he effusively cried. "Call little l-'ido. Sis, Kdythe and everybody else who has been contributing to the barkful chorus! Hut llrxt I "'ill do what no other doctor does! I will take a dose of niy own medicine to show you that I have faith in Its virtue! Vim will till-. I've that I pour out a tablespoonfu You will also observe that 1 fearV ly put it In my mouth and Wow! . 1 ily smoke! Help, Mary! Help! Turk' ii the hose! C'rack up a ton of ice! \ ell for the fire department! Water! Water! More water! I am burning to death! I have taken some thing that tastes like, tabasco! 1 have swallowed lava from Mount Vesuvius! Kii ii for a doctor, dearest! Kun for " "It's J list guod for you, you ofHeious brute!" put in the unsympathetic Ma, with a triumphant gleam In her wifely eyes. I don't pity you one bit! You haven't got any more than was com ing to ,miii! I saw you dumping a pound of cayenne pepper in that cough cure instead of ginger, but 1 couldn't interfere with the mixture that your mother used to make!" I'a Jones did not reply at the time, lie was too busy sucking water out of the reservoir regardless of mic robes. Hut nt the end of two hours, when be felt physically cooler and | mentally hotter, the good old family ; battle began in earnest, and contin ued untik long after a real doctor had prescribed fur Mnther-iii-l.fiw Smith ! and 11 io other coughful cases.—Phil adelphia Telegraph. We don't understand why the wom an who lias so much trouble keeping one servant, ever wants to lie rich when she would have the trouble mul tiplied by six or els'.it ABERDEEN HERALD, THURSDAY, MARCH s, 190f. Riw * Rerwprf Oc©&!\ » It Kaj turned 7601 miled of dejert into ar\ ir\l&rd ae& nftVJ In Southern California is a large salt lake of such recent formation that even til* l latest ami m«wt expensive atlases fall to note Its existent, yet It has a surface area of alniut T<h> Miliar** miles. or more than Ave times that of tin* city of Philadelphia. Salton Sea. as this hotly of water Is known. Is tin* result of an Irrigation enterprise that went wrong because the engineers had not calculated njion the waywa'Mines* of the Colorado ltlver. Th» village of Salton, which had a popnla.'on of ahont lih». all of whom were «tnployed l»y a salt company whoso works were established there, has been swept from the land and now lies under twenty-four feet of water. The Southern I'aeiflc Railroad has been compelled to rebuild Phi miles of itv line; two irrigation companies, one A.iierican. the other Mexican have seen a quarter of a million dollars' worth of work disappear almost in th" twinkling of mi eve. and It is within the boends of possibility that the new ly formed lake will demand of the diplomatists of the I'ulted States and Mcxico in disposing of the compli cations which may arise. Tin* depression which the diverted waters of the Col orado ltlver are now 1111I di; at the rate iif '.MMMI cubic feet a second Is n part <«f tin- Creat ltasin, once a niliihty si-ii mill tributary to tin l I'jh-i lii- through the Columbia ltlver, ami until recently survived only In rapidly diminishing tireat Salt I.ake In I "tail. The pa rt ii-n la r depression now boiln; tilled Is known as the Salton Hasin, and lies ;it Its renter -*7 feet lielow * In* sea level. It covers an ap proximate area of i'.oimi square miles, and Is partly in Itlverslde and partly In San lllego Counties, California, with the sontherly end extending a short dlstan 'e into Mexico, south of Caloxlco, an American town on the border. The basin Is dellned by an old beach that e:ni be traced all around the lake. This beach Is lllled with small marine FOUGHT HIS LAST FIGHT. IVhi*e|pr, foldlrr and s tat «'*nin n i 1* Ilend. Another military hero, especially dear to the southern heart, but deur, too, to the heart of the nation at large, passed away, In the tleath of (Jen. Joseph Wheeler, at the home of his ulster In Brooklyn. A few days before (Jen. Wheeler was stricken with pneu monia, and though ha battled bravely for Ufa he was forced to yield to the universal conqueror. As s ildler and statesman Oeii. Wheel er occupied a prominent place In pub lic life. He fought In two wari. The •word which he wielded I» behalf of and fresh water shells, perfect !n form, but which crumble under slight pres sure The fact that this beach in many places still retains its old form despite the force of sandstorms and other ac tion on the part of the elements is held by son » as conclusive evidence that the basin was a sea at no very distant time. There are some who hold the opin ion that, if the tlow of the Colorado is not co:.trolled, it will, in time, again till the entire basin to sea level. 1 hi? newest salt lake is now from ten t< i eighteen miles wide, about forty live miles long, twenty-three feet four in dies in depth at the deepest Hound ing, ard is rising steadily at the rate of from one-half to three-quarters of an inch daily under the combined Inflow of the Colorado and <iila Hi vers. The <»ila empties into the Colorado aliout three miles above Yuma. Ari.. the hottest ami driest place on the face of the earth, and front there the combined flow formerly swept on mijps to the (lulf of California. To-day from a j»olnt twelve miles south of Yuma and four miles below the line in Mexico the river bed of the Colorado is a dust-dry, sandy waste, five feet higher than the present chan nel. the river having changed its course from due south to west-south-west. Kven at low water the flow Is pouring Into Silton Sea by two channels those of the Alamo and New Rivers. The map shows the source of the water that is pouring Into Salton Sea. ami which is now from ten to eighteen miles wide and forty-live miles long. At the upper heading. Just below Yuma, but on the American side, an irrigation company cut a canal, which was not of sufficient capacity to supply the ir rigable district. At. the lower head a canal sixty feet wide and eight feet deep was cut in the quick-sand bank of the Colorado. This canal the river quickly enlarged to W>o feet wide and thirty feet deep, and below that point the old channel of the river is dry, the entire flow i>ouring through the intake. To relieve the situation In the Irrigat ed district and at Salton, the Quail HOW J'llK COLORADO MSFT GI LF I'oli DKSKItT. River rut was made Into the 1110 I'adrones, In the hope ot' carrying the tvnicr into Volcano Luke mid thence I>y Hardy's Colorado to the guir. Just north of the lake the water out a elinn nel through to New River, mid thence flowed northwest to Sal ton sink, which is gradually rising under the flow from two channels, the Alamo and New Rivers. Ihe "lost enuse" he offered to a re united nation In our war with Spain, and he eame out of that struggle a popular Idol. In the Civil War lien. Wheeler and his eavalry eonimnml were the Inspiration of the southern armies. No task was too difficult for him to undertake, no danger too great to Incur In four years he was three (JKNKRAfj JOSKPH WIIKKI.F.It. times wounded and had Ift horsijtt »l»ot umler him. (ien Wheeler, who was a Bradita:* of the I'nited States Military AendeTliy, I'lilered tlie Confederate eervlr-e In 1801 viri w.ns made a oolonel of infantry. At Shlloh he coram,mded a brigade «r>l «>cn afterward wa» transferred to tl-j cavalry service. In which he won M* _-r >-ite-'t honors. Puring the Kentucky i icipa'gn of lSii-J lie commanded (I*n I!: - as cavalry and fought .it (invn hivtv and Perryville. At Murfrees 'u ro mil ('hickamauga he led tli-* cavalry. After the latter battle ha crossed tln* Tennessee ltlver, attacked (ien. Kosecrans' line of coninuinieations. defeat< d tile opposing I'nion force, de stroying I.L'iM) wagons. with tlie;r stores, and Indicting on national prop erty a loss of $:i,(MMi,iMU). At the sieg'i of Knoxville lie took an active part and covered the retreat of (ien. Itragiz from Missionary IJldge and Lookout Mountain. Ills soldierly qualities w»-.t well displayed In Ills resistance to (ien. Sherman's army In its march toward At'anta, and In the desperate attempts made to sever the Fnion line of com munications. Whether in the rear or In the front of Sherman's army he fought with remarkable brlllfhiioy aSI dash, always striking with lightning like rapidity and vanishing when the blow fell. Successively promoted to brigad'er general, major general and lieutenant general, he remained In the cavalry until the end of the struggle. After the war lio studied law, anil 111i<« profession, together with tin* occu pation of ii cotton planter, he followed until his advent Into national politics In 18S0. In Isi is, after serving for H years as a congressman from Alabama, lie offered his sword to President Me- Klnlev In the war with Spain. As a major general of volunteers he became one of the most talked of men In the country and served with distinction in Cuba and the Philippines. When the Filipino Insurrection was suppr»->s ed and the volunteers were disband'd he was commissioned a brigadier gen eral in the regular army. Wflh tjiat rank lie retired in 11X10. (ien xv £eeler was ii!) years old l ist September. SHE'S 50; HE'S 29. MlllloiiHlrt* Vfrke»' Widow Take* • louiilC II iiMhiiml. When Charles T. Yorkes, millionaire street ralhvii.v promoter of Chicago an.l London, died In a hotel In New York he left to his widow, with whom iw was not on the best of terms, .?7, : >0 , >, 1)00. Some surprise, therefore, was eieateil a month inter li.v the announca ment that Mrs. Yerkes and Wilson Mi/tier were married. The news dlil not leak out for a day or two, when the marriage was announced by til' bridegroom, lie was corroborated bj the witnesses and by the minister w!i« performed the ceremony at the magi niflcent Yerkes mansion at 804 Fli'tt avenue. Despite tills, and for srm« reason known onlv to herself, the brtiU MRS. YKRKKS-M IZNKR. denied Hint she was married or in tended to be. When confronted by t'm reiterated statements of her hiialmud, the witnesses nnil the minister, she per sisted In her denial and said tin Idea was ridiculous. Finally, when damn? could no longer lie maintained. Mrs. Minner acknowledged that she was "happily married." Mrs. Verkes, or rather, Mrs. Mlzner, Is Ml years of age. Iler new husband Is Mr. Mlzner Is a Bohemian !11 hnblt and taste. He and Mrs. Yerkes have long lieen the closest friends and the little suppers which they luitu given at the Fifth avenue mansion have been a delight to the favored few. It !s said that she settled $1,000,000 on the young man previous to the mar riage. Mlzner Is a dashing young man who dresses well and puts on a lot of style. He has an Income from some sonri'u and has been In the Klondyke. Ills friendship was so marked for Mrs. Yerkes that their engagement was talk ed of In some quarters almost before Mr. Yerkes was burled. Mrs. Yerkes was the second wife of the millionaire. 4|«ir«»r l-'l It pi no .Mother*. A problem has iirison In the govern ment of I lie I'lilllppine Islands which Is somewhat perplex I tig to the Amerl cini ollicinl* In charge there. It relate* t<i tie- question of convincing the Fili pino or Malay mother that her childretl, up to a certain age, belong to her homo. The Filipino child of the wild* Is sea reply aide to toddle heforo It Is given to understand that It* home Is wher ever It may happen to he when night fall mine*, lis parent* do not discard It. hut they do make It plain that the more It roams the better they will be satlstled. Western civilization does not regard this as right ; It holds that up to a certain age the child should be nl most wholly under the Influence of tho parents and the school, and should come Int.» Its majority having torn* knowledge of the law and much of its obligations to others. Filipino parents of the Jungles have resented this view to a considerable extent, and hold that If they kept their I children at home they would virtually be making "prisoners" of them. A girl does love to pick her way ovet a muddy crossing In a way the Uiiaiu U JaLnV/.