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The fa/tvre of "Wireless"in War ' That "wireless" devices will play an !ni[Mirt:int. if not decisive, part in the next great war appears so certain as 'o hardlv permit of doubt, livery big war during the last half icnlury and more has seen the introduction of in ventions which at almost one fell stroke made rearmament necessary for every nation at all within the cate gory of a world power. Within the memory of many persons now living, the wooden square-rigged miin-of-war gave waj to the iron steamship; this, in turn, was made oh soldo by the introduction of heavy Iron armor, which soon became a per quisite of the scrap-heap when hard ened steel armor was invented. There were plenty of mir/./.le loading rifles in the Civil War, and the greatest cannon •>f the time would not carry with pre e!-ioti a shot over a mile. So recently us the Spanish War, messages to the 'omiuander of the blockading squadron 'I Cuban waters had lo lie transmit by fast cruisers or torpedo lmats. In every war of any considerable size during the last thirty five years commendable efforts have been made to make use of balloons. Kepeatedly the hope has been expended that with dirigible balloons, carrying quantities of high explosives, an army might be annihilated by a single courageous aeronaut. It is needless to oil atten tion to the fact that the high cxpee till ions held for tin- nillilary balloon have not been realized. The dirigible balloon that would do these tilings, notwithstanding M. Saiilos-IMimont's sensational exhibitions. itoo< not appear to have been found. Ueyoial assisting in scouting and only lo a limited ex tent, flic military balloon appears to lie of comparatively lillle benefit to an army. When the successful ncroplnii" Is introduced the military balloon will take its place with the old wooden three decker man-of w a r. "H'lrcle**" A |>iit toil lo War. I lie possibilities of "wireless" Inven tions are so groat. and experiments bare conclusively shown Unit tin- prin ciple at least is sane and practical, that one may reasonably expect to see I hem extensively used in future wars, if t hey do not make of war such a dreadful holocaust that ils very horrors will render it Impossible. The transmission of elc.-lrioal en ergy without the use or the usual wire m still in Its infancy, bill its babyhood Is robust and hopeful, ami shows Indications of a healthy future Hriefly, "wireless" inventions that iiiav lie applied lo warfare, and which are either advanced or in Ihe experimental singes, are these: Wirelivs telegraphy. AN ABLE DIPLOMAT. ]*4»llll« % nl rnreer of ilh* .liiiuitir«o \ hi* luvifttiilnr ill \Viinlil MKloii. In nppoiiiliii;.' sr» eminent a repre- NMihitive us Viscount Siir/.o Anki l<> lie her first innlms fciidnr In (lie I 'lil ted Sli'.li'S, .111 |>;111 lins iivillvnlecl. mil (inly her n|> |irec!iil'uiti of die friendly eliiinie -ler of ,l;i|innese Amerienti rein lions, Imi also her realization >>f tlii' Import Mill Ir:\ilc :ind in dust rial prob lems ilii> two sir/o aoki. countrios will .ace in common i i Hie future. Viscount Aoki, who is one of Hie ablest iiml most, experienced of .'(ipnnese ilipioniiits. is j In his (Mlth year. I !<■ tins had m long unil honorable political career. In is7::| !i« was secretar>* to the Japanese lepii ' Hon at Merlin, afterward becoming mln ' ist* rat the (ierinan capital. from ISSIS ' to ISS'.I he was \ no minister "I foreign | affairs, anil from 1H8!) to IMH anil IS'.kS | t/> P.HiO full minister of foreign affairs. ! lie has lieen twice minister lo (|er m.my and once lo tjiglfuiil. lie is at 1 present a inembT of llir I'rlvy Council i>f the empire, l»:i«• the highest Japanese decoration, that "I' the tirst rl.ss of Un order of tlie ltlsing Sun. and stands in the tirst rank of Japanese diplomats, outranking Mr. Takahira. mid even Unroll Hnynshi. Ihe Japanese minister to London. In l;ict. lie is one of the most eminent or Japan's public men. Viscount Aoki lias had a (iertnan uni versity education anil his wife is a tier man lady. Ceruinir. moreover, is more familiar to him than any other foreign language, hut lie speaks Kngllsh readily. Ito represented his country at the Hague l'eaee Conference In The elevation of the Japanese legation at Washington to the rank of an embassy makes tlie number of ambassadors at Washington nltin, which Is more than are stationed at any other capital In the woriJL Wireless U<I<<PIHXO'. Submarine signaling. Tesla's Iclautninutle torpedo. (iuarlnl's wireless "thunderbolt." Tesla iiixl I'upln's wireless porous sioii. In ;i 11 of those the actuating prlnel pie is iileiitienl, although the methods uf operation mid control lire very different. At I lie present time, because of its eonstnnt use. which shows Its practicability, wireless telegraphy is (lie most tmportunt In tin- croup. \lnny tilings have yet to lie lenrneil iliout it. however, lie fore it reaches lie state of approximate perfection. That it is admitted to he a factor may lie imagined from the fact that all Governments now Insist that wireless telegraph stations lie directly under Stale supervision. Two reasons are advanced for this control: (1) the ex treme importance. In time of war, of exercising supervision of all means by which information could he conveyed to the enemy: (i!l the difficulty wire less has to contend with in the Inter ference of neighboring stations makes II necessary for a government to limit the number and select their sites. 'IVilit'n \\ ill Torpnlo. One of the most wonderful war ma chines ever devised is Nikola Tesla's telautomatic torpedo, which, as its name implies, is something more than 11 mere automatic torpedo electrically directed by "wireless" methods. It can be operated at great distances, but ils inventor has striven to make it in reality au automaton which almost "thinks" for itself. "The general impression was." Mr. Tesla says, "that I contemplated sim ply the steering of such a vessel by means of Hertzian or other rays. There are torpedoes steered electric ally by wires, and there are means of communication without wires, and the above was. of course, nil obvious in ference. Had I accomplished nothing more than this, I should have made a small advance, indeed. Hut the art 1 have evolved does not contemplate merely the change of direction of a moving vessel: it alfords a means of absolutely controlling, in every respect, ail the innumerable translatory move meats, as well as the operations of all the interna I organs, no matter how many, of an individualized automaton. "Certainly. b.\ the use of this prin ciple, I lie use of electrical vibrations, an arm for attack as well as defense may be provided, of a destructiveness all the greater as the principle is ap plieaiiie to submarine ami aerial ves sels'. There is virtually no restriction as to the amount of explosive it can carry, or as to the distance at which BUILDINGS PLANNED FOR GEORGE WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY. Tin- handsome structures In the picture are In he envied in Van Xes« I'arU. Washington. ami lire to form the ]trfn<-i|>:i! group <>f buildings of (icorgc Washington I'ni\ersity. Tlicy lire Corinthian in design, mill Memorial Mali, which is the key to the group. will have n beautiful porth-o siipp'irieil by twelve < 'orinl lilau columns surroundlui; tht memorial to Washington \ tints (|oi classic proportions will cover the auditorium, which is in t 1 ;u|ild ing. This slrucliire is to he htiilt by the fieorge Washington Memo I Asso clalion and work will begin Immediately upon all of (lie halls. The ..ictidcs of all of the buildings will front toward the President's I'aiU. SAFETY IN RAILROAD TRAVEL. Itnaijin l.lfi* S n lllclfii 11 y Snfe- KiiHNlt'il lij 'I'mlllc Olllclill*. Increased safely in railroad travel is 1 one i>f tin* urgent needs of I lie lay. 1 says the American Monies and (Sardens. Itallronds have never curried sn many j people. never run so many trains, never I .ijt on so many curs, never employed nmny men. never covered so much ter ritory and never lieen so popular as a means of veiling about as to-day: yet t witli all this lias conic greater danger 'to human life, more accidents, more se rious accidents, more people hurt and more damages Inflicted. The simple truth seems to he that the railroad managers are not sullicieiitly alive to the saeredncss of human life. This is the most precious of till earthly things. It is something that once destroyed can never he replaced, and something the Injury to which may lead to results of most serious consequences. There Is n popular impression In Kurope that rail road accidents arc more frequent In America than abroad, because the American trains are run at n higher rate of speed. This contention Is hard ly borne out by the facts, since with the exception of one or two recently ABERDEEN HERALD, THURSDAY, APRIL 12, 1900 $ it can strike, and failure is almost im possible." Ktactitliiv >1 m-h I■■ r* \\ 11 lion I M•• Mr. Tesla appears to believe that wo are approaching a period where, in spite of the ever increasing machines of destruction, war will not be destruc tive to human life. "The advent of this new principle," lie says, "intro duces into warfare an element which never existed before a lighting mil - chine without men as a means of at tack and defense. The continuous de velopment in this direction must ulti mately make war a mere contest of machines, without men and without loss of life a condition which would have been impossible without this new departure, and which, in my opin ion. must be reached as preliminary to permanent pence." The telautomaton lie has invented may lie described from tin- lirst model : "A storage battery placed within it furnished the motive power. The pro poller, driven by a motor, represented the locomotive organs. The rudder, con trolled by another motor, likewise driv en by a storage battery, took the place of the directive organs. As to the sensitive organ, obviously the first thought was to utilize a device respon sivo to rays of light, like a selenium cell, to represent the human eye. 10v Idcutly the automaton should respond only to an individual call, as a person rcs|Niiids lo a name. Such considera tions led me to conclude that the sen sitive device of l lie machine should correspond -to the car rather than to the eye of a human being, for in this ease its actions could be controlled ir respective of intervening obstacles, re gardless of its position relative to tlic distant controlling apparatus, and last, but not least, it would remain (leaf anil unresponsive, like a faithful serv ant, to all the rails of its master. "These requirements made it impera tive to use. iu tin; control of tin* autom aton, Instead of light or other rays, waves or disturbances, which propagate in all directions through space, like sound, or which follow a path of least resistance, however curv ed. 1 attained the result aimed at by means of an electric circuit placed within the boat and adjusted and •tuned' exactly to electrical vibrations of the proper kind transmitted to it from a distant 'electrical oscillator." This circuit, in responding, howevej feebly, to the transmitted vibrations, affected magnets and other oontriv ami's, through llie medium of which were controlled the movements of the propeller and rudder, and also the oper ations of numerous other appliances." Philadelphia Ledger. established trains, the fastest trains in the world are operated abroad. Thr numerous American accidents arc due not so much to the rapidity with which American trains are run as to the cure lessness with which they are operated or the indifference with which tlie American public at large views tlif railroad. An accident that involves » person not an employe of a railroad or not a passenger may be partly due tr tin l injured one's own carelessness. An accident to a passenger is mostly dm to carelessness in railway manage incut. Mil lllelent. lilsi'harged Cook- An' will vez give me a reference, mum? Cross I,inly — Reference, Indeed! What is there to recommend you? Discharged Cook .lust say th't I'va lived wid you a whole month.—Cleve land Leader. I nrlt* Khen. "Some folks." said Cnele Kben, "seems to 'ninglne dey kin make up foh delr shortcomings by scoldln' at de children."—Washington Star. Many of our best home ties look very much like mother's apron strings. New Vnrtely Pole Itenn. This new variety will especially np peal to market gardeners, because of its inclination to yield largely and lie cause It seems to have a crop whether the season be good or bud. The jiods are long, tender and of good size, and the variety is good either green when ripe, or as shelled. The quality Is fair only with us in a single season's test, but we consider it worth general exper imenting. In some sections beans are an exceedingly profitable crop, particu larly if they are early sorts. The read or will bear in mind that as this Is a new sort not yet generally tested, it NOXAI.f. rol.K KKA.V. is recommended in this department only for testing in small quantities. I,ike other new sorts It should prove its value on your own grounds. I 'iinl In <'r»|» ICiilnlmk. The generation of agriculturists doubtless does not fully realize the dif ference between the elliciency of hand and machine lalmr. Here are two com parisons made by the l T nited States Itureau of Labor: To produce 100 bushels of barley it took »11.1)4 hours of labor seventy years ago: to-day. with the aid of ma chinery. it takes U. 04 hours. To produce UU) bushels of oats It took Jii'i hours in 1S.'!(); by machinery it lakes hours. Seventy years ago agriculture was Impossible away from Hie Atlantic sea board. Fifty years ago grain was har vested with the aid of the cradle and threshing was done with the tillil. Within the last two decades not only the expense of labor, incidental to crop growing, litis been minimized to a large extent but the process is still going on. Farming was drudgery : it is now an employment for the intelligent man. The Mo»l**rii lliilliiml. To go without a hotbed on the farm is to miss many of the early luxuries ill vegetables which might otherwise he had. To some the hotlieil is a mystery more or less complicated, as a matter of fact, it is a simple thing, easily managed and not at all expensive. The simple liolhed is readily made by build ing a frame of inch lumber, sloping it to the front. The usual bed is twelve Inches al the rear and six or eight inch cs in front. Or it may be made higher, so as not to necessitate the digging of a pit for the manure and soil. This is a mutter of choice, largely. The bed in it' lie made the length and width o!' single sash, or arranged for several vishos which are usually three by six in dimensions. If the pit is dug, fill iu with coarse horse manure and tram pic down hard. Over this put several inches of good garden soil, and then put on the sash and let the tied heat up. In a few days the intense heat uill pass away and the seeds may then lie sown. Of course, ventilation and water must be supplied to the seed bed, as well as to the plants after they art' up, ami In tin' cold sprint; protec tion must l>e given, which is readily done by having old hags or carpets to throw over the glass sasli at night. KnlloiiM for Poultry. While the feeding of several grains furnishes variety, it also lias a better use in that some of the grains, notably wheat, furnish a portion of protein which Is essential in the ration of poul try. While on the range the birds prob ably get enough protein in some way to balance the starchy grains they nre fed, but during the winter this Is net possible. The necessity for protein in the ration is one more Rood reoson for feeding milk which has been advocated in this department. Combining bran with milk, making a thick gruel of It. offers an opportunity for still greater variety anil furnishes n considerable | Quantity of protein. I'll rill Tool*. They cost money. It sometimes si'wiis as if wo cannot spare the means to got what we ought to have in this line, so we go on working with the olil spike-tooth harrow and the poor olrl plow to the en«l of the chapter. 'I'll is is a 'question that involves two or three considerations. if by pur chasing good tools we can increase the eltieieney of the place, should we hesi tate to Invest in theinV Seems to me not. Take the matter of a good plow. ! With such a tool we can certainly get better crops than we can by using an inferior tool. It may set hard to fork over the money to buy the better imple ments, but look at tin" result. In a few years we have done so much better work on the farm that we have the money to buy other needed tools. Next buy a first-class harrow. This | will still further increase the value of ; the farm crops. I.ittlc by little, and all j without feeling as if we might if we made a grand rush for The tools we feel we must have, we tind ourselves well equipped for business. We cannot do everything we would like to do in a single year. Let us not for that reason lie discouraged and do nothing at all. It is a long time from one end of life's road to the other with ' some of us. Step by step we may work | ahead ; but if we do not take the step j we never will get very far ahead.—K. i li. Vincent, in Farm, Field and Fire | side. lta«*L for loiKI.-r. A plan lor a good sheep rack for shredded fodder, so that stock rim feed nt pleasure in the burn ytird or out doors, consists of a long, narrow wire rack, as shown in Fig. 1. Set posts tinnly in the ground, six or eight feet high above ground. The two rows of posts should be about live feet apart. The lower frame is a root wide and two feet shorter than the upper frame, on posts one foot above ground. (The artists made bottom too wide, in the cut.) Spike two-inch scantling jiTI around oil top of both sets of posts. Drive in large headed nails In these scantlings, those in the upper frame eight Inches apart, and in the lower frame closer together, as you must have the same number of nails above and In-low. <Jct No. 14 wire and pass around these nails hack and forth from top to bottom, clear around, and fas ten. Kill this rack and top out like a rick, then rover with roof boards, or top out with straw. The frames must i be made stout and solid. You can ! make rack 100 feet long or over, and I TWO CON VI-'.MI NT KOUDKR RACTKS. il will hold several tolls if topped out well, says Ohio Fiimier. Wo arc tolil that il is ii giiiill way to put up shred ded fodder lli.it is mil thoroughly cured. Fit:. 'J shows how lo make tin 1 rack of rails, poli-s or scantling. After tilling, it ran lie topped with straw, or thatched, as shown in cut. The roof in No. t can lie raised up as high as desired hy lengthening the posts. 'I'r lininl ■) U (In* lloilkpi. If you have hedges trim them Just as soon as the winter loosens ils grip and the snow is off the bushes. This trim ming should be just as close lo the old wood as |Misslhle: hut. in the case of evergreens, be sure to leave a bud or two of the now I. If you shear any closer you will so remove the foli age as to leave a leafless blemish. There are no growing buds on those arborvities and hemlocks below the joint that separates last year's wood from that of the previous year. You may cut as close as you please on de ciduous hedges, such as hawthorn and buckthorn, and espoeinly the locust or gleditschia. If you have blossoming hedges, such as the Tartarian honey suckle. you must be careful not to cut off the blossom buds. Hear in mind that this lirst trimming is the only trimming of the year for evergreens, They must not lie touched again with the shears until next spring. Decid uous hedges may be cut back two or three times every season. I Niiiu Too Mih*li I.liim*. Kxperioncc has shown that 100 much lime is often used through the impres sion that It contains of itself consider J able fertilizing value. If it is used' with an idea of setting free some of, the plant foods in tin 1 soil that is one thing, but if the idea Is to use it large ly for soil acidity then a little will often suflioc. Especially on sandy soils is the lime overdone, for if used to cor rect soil acidity on such soils twenty five bushels an acre of slaked lime is generally sufficient and on heavy soils double that quantity or seventy-five bushels at most is ample. It should be remembered that while the litmus paper test is generally reliable there are chemicals in the soil which has the same effect on the litmus paper us the acidllv of the soil. EX-MAYOR CRUMBO RECOMMENDS PE-RU-NA "My Endorsement of Pe-ru-na* i» | Based On Its Merits'" ♦ —Ed. Crumbo. J »♦.«>.»»*« Mm'WIW«»'«»»»*«|l»l>ll I »l>> « I wn**»l El>. CltlM l!(), Kx-Mnynr of New Altiiiiiy, I nil., writes from 511 K. Oak street: "My endorsement of Pcruna 19 based on its merits. I "If a man is sick he looks anxiously for something which will cuTe him, ind Peruna will do the work. I "I know that it will cure catarrh of ! the head and stomach, indigestion, headache and any weary or sick feel ing. 'It is hound to help anyone, if used according to directions. 'L also know dozens of men who spouk in the highest terms of I'erunn ! mill linvo yet te hear of anyone being disappointed in it." Mr. Crumlio, in a letter, dated Aug. 85, 1'.)04, says: "My health is Rood at present, hnt if I should have to take any more med icine 1 will fall back on Pernna." Himself n farmer, and head of the fanners' department of tin? flovorn incut. It is natural that Secretary Wil son shoiilil sing tile praises of ngrlcul turo and acclalui its progress. He has good ground fur being enthusiastic. No other government ofiichil, not even the Secretary of Commerce and Irfihor, ran give out a document so rosy-lined as the annual report which Mr. Wilson recently made public. The totnl value of I'.hi.Vs crops Is $<!,415,000,000, heitu $i>50,000,000 more than in 11KH. The wealth annually produced liy the American farmer has increased 3fi per cent in six years. The value of the farmer's land, according to Mr. Wil son. lias grown proportionately. Me dlum land Is now worth nn rrverage of $7,.".l per acre more than In 1000. This Is easily In-lived by persons fa miliar with conditions In the Middle West. There are many large districts where Ihe average Increase has been from $15 to $25 .per acre. Creat is the American farmer, and gvcat n»e Ins liroad acres! One of the initst Inter esting and significant statements in the report is that one of the sections in which progress has heen fastest is the South. Hank deposits there for the first time exceed $ 1,0t10,000,000 The Immigration of Italians and other foreigners into the South and the new spirit of enterprise that has developed among native Southerners are begin nlng to tell. The huge crops the far mer has for several years be<!n rais ing and selling at good prh-es have made liltn well-to-do. They have raised the mortage and in many eases fur nished the cash to liny the adjoining "eighty" or "hundred and sixty." They have replaced the old huggy with a new carriage. They have made it possible to tear down the old fttrm honsc and put up a new one, with "all modem Improvements." They have sent, the boys and girls to col lege and to the university. Tiie Amer (can farmer of today has comforts' and luxuries which a few years hack he did not dare to ho|ie for. Wven the isolation of his life, of whleli we used to hear so much, has been mitigated by tin? widespread establishment of far mors* telephone lines and riirul mnil delivery. Nothing knocks out and disables like Lumbago and Sciatica Nothing reaches the trouble as quickly as St. Jacobs Oi Known the world over as | i t ; The Master Cure ; for Pains >nd Aches i 1 Price, 25c. and SOo.