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Aberdeen herald. (Aberdeen, Chehalis County, W.T.) 1886-1917, August 05, 1907, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87093220/1907-08-05/ed-1/seq-1/

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Tno HERALO Is the M»3t Widely
Head Paper on Grays Harbor
Herbert S. Bigelow Explains the In
itiative and Referendum. What
the System Saved to the (itv of
Cincinnati a few Years Ago. "Back
to the People," is the Slogan.
Herbert S. Bigelow has written, for the
Ohio Pirect Legislation League, an inter
esting pamphlet showing tne grow th and
benefits of the initiative and referendum.
For the benefit of those who have been
deceived, Mr. Bigelow described the
initiative and referendum in this way:
It if proposed that this power of direct
legislation shall be exercised through!
what are known as the initiative and
referendum. Under the initiative it is ,
provided that if the representatives re
fuse to pass a certain law, tlris law may ,
be enacted by a direct vote of the people, j
provided there is sufficient demand for
the law to cause a reasonable percentage '
of tlie electors to petition for its submis
eion. Under the referendum it is pro
vided that no act passed by the legisla
ture shall take effect until the expiration |
of a designated time, and that any law j
may be vetoed by a direct vote of the j
people provided there is Buflicient opposi
tion to the law to cause, within tiie time j
designated, a reasonable percentage of
the electors to petition for its submission.
Thus it is made optional with the peo
ple whether or not they will take the j
trouble to bring questions to a direct
vote. Under this system they have the j
convenience of a representative govern
ment, hut when in their opinion their j
government ceases to represent them, |
they may enactor repeal luwa by a direct;
vote at the polls, thus exercising directly I
the law-making function.
If it were made necessary to get the
popular sanction for all laws, the con- i
venience of the representative system
would be sacriticed. But it is an abuse :
of this system that, any law should bo j
passed in defiance of public sentiment. |
To secure the convenience of the repre
sentative system and yet escai e its |
abuses the optional initiative and refer
endum aie needed, whereby the people '
can leave everything to their representa- j
fives if they wish, but do not surrender I
the risrht to participate in legislation
• lirectlv when they desire.
Mr. Bigelow gives an illustrate n from
the experience of Cincinnati. Ueud the
('in imati is unique among tlv ci
of Am lira in that she is the oivm r r. :•
steam railroad. The history of this ;
road furnished a most ttignificmt
pie of the use of the referendii In
IS9O the politicians resolved to sell i.im
properly. They had to proceed u■ i>i.■.
an enabling act which the Ohio legisla
ture had passed ten years before. The
Cincinnati council took the preliminary
steps anil the road was to l'o for a song, j
But it chanced that the legislature hail
placed in the enabling act the provision
that the sale, to be valid, must be ratified
by a direct vote of the people. The vote
was taken and the road was saved.
Subsequently the people ratified a
sixty-year lease of the road. What that
one referendum vote was worth to the
city of Cincinnati may be determined by
a comparison of the two contracts —the
one which the people rejected and the
one which they accepted. A member of;
the board of sinking fund trustees, Mr.
George W. Harris, was asked for an I
opinion as to what the 189(5 referendum
saved the city. In reply Sir. Harris j
made an analysis of these contracts in a
letter which is appended to the present
pamphlet. Mr. Harris' conclusion is
that this referendum in one hundred
years' time will have saved the city
OOO.OUO. Two and a quarter million
a veawfor 100 years—this is what the
politicians would have squandered if that
enabling act had not contained a referen
dum clause.
These are startling figures and they I
have a profound lesion. The people of
Cincinnati had no constitutional right to |
vote on the sale of their railroad. That
was a right conferred upon them by an
act of the legislature. The legislature
Open All Ni&jlit
Street Car Corner Phone 6*l I
When you bring your PRESCRIPTIONS
here you are sure of IDEAL SERVICE
Your prescriptiou will be sent for and delivered.
"i ght have omitted this referendum
feature. In that case the people would
have had no power to pr, vent the sale of
the road.
Any Ohio legislature could pass a law
empowering the Cincinnati council to
sell the road without the consent of the
people. Laws are now on the statute
books under which other property, such
as franchise grants in the city streets,
may not only be sold, but given away,
and the people have no voi'ie in the
Mr. Bigeiow concludes liis interesting
pamphlet in this wav :
Hie business of the corporation lobby
ist and the legislative blackmailer is to
secure had laws and obstruct yood ones.
I?y the referendum the people could de
feat had laws. By the initiative they
could prevent ob&ti uction to good laws.
1 11119 direct legislation would of nijcessity
discourage corruption and increase the
effectiveness of good citizenship. This
is the unfailing testimony of experience
in America as well as elsewhere. Theie
is ample reason for the faith of the edi
tor of the New York Independent, who
said in the issue of Nov. L' 2, 1900: "In
our opinion, the initiative and referen
dum is the most important 'next step'
in political reform in this country. Its
advent ought to do wonders in breaking
up corrupt political machines and pre
venting the passage of vicious legislation,
and under it real leaders of the people
will find it easy to arise on real issues."
Citizens everywhere have awakened
with alarm to a realization of the abuses
of representative government. Where
shall men turn for the civic virtue to
withstand the enemies of the republic?
Tne advocates of direct legislation say
"Back to the people."
Continuous Daylight in Northland Has
Curious Eftect.
[Special correspondence to the llkkai.d.]
Seattle, August 2,—As all old pros
pectors will-* tell, and it is expected that
those most famous in the history of Alas
ka and Yukon will be present at the
Alaßka-Yukon-Pacific Imposition which
will he held in Seattle from June 1, to
October 15, 1900, ti'e three months of
almost continuous sunlight each summer
in the Northland has an odd ellect on
most newcomers.
As a matter of fact a man accustomed
to seven hours sleep each night, finds
upon jjoi n«_r to Alaska that he cannot
■ asiiv ad , ist hinise f to the altered con
ins. ->l ut-t ]>eople yet sleepy when
i ih.il; coiner, a I do not think of
sleeping in daylight. \s a result men to
■>r liny :'er day wh- n iirut in the north
witt' little iiii'lin.i!; nto sleep. A man
tf'tn 11■ i■: t i i Alaska and Yu
■>i" I I it!i the sun shining
1 •_•!) she sky. 'I'lii i who need ilirk
■"■ i•• r tri 1 iber comfortably
have to pin blankets over the windows
it I :■> to a great deal i i extra trouble to
produce it.
It is said in the early tlays that chick
ens that were first brought to the north
in ttie summer time went cruzy for want
of rest. They waited and waited fot the
sun to set in order to know when to go to
roost, and as it continued to shine, the
fowls went without sleep uutil they were
This story is hardly verified, but it is
true that the continuous daylight has a
very odd effect on men and animals
alike, and it takes a few weeks to get ac
customed to it.
Koad Jo North River.
\V. S. Mason was in the city from the
North river country Wednesday. Mr.
Mason's homestead is right on the route
run by the (i. 11. it I'. S. liy, surveyors,
uml he expects some time to be able to
como out by train, but at present every
body over in that section is more vitally
interested in the new road to Montesano.
l'he portable engine recently ordered by
the board of county commissioners, to
he used to cut the timber along the r ght
of way into planking for this road, has
just been received and will begin work
at once. It is expected that before the
rains come there will be a solid plank
road all the way from the ferry landing
here out to Vesta.—Vidette.
All the new* tbat'i lit to print. Aber
deen Semi-Weekly Herald, |2.00 a year,
$1.50 In advanca.
Semi-Annual Gathering of the Manu
facturers' Association at Tacoma
Last Week. Kailroad Problem the
Chief Subject ot Discussion. Geo.
H. Emerson Talks.
"Railroads can solve the car shortage
problem with reference to the lumber
traffic in only two ways; they can raise
the rates as h proposed anil prevent the
shipment of any except the very finest
grades of lumber, or they can let the
rates remain as ttiev are now and equip
their lines with better facilities for
handling traffic," stated George H. Km
erson, of the North Western Lumber
company, at the semi-annual session of
the Pacitic Coast Lumber Manufacturers'
association at Tacoma, last Saturday.
Saturday's cession was devoted to the
reading of papers upon subjects of gen
eral interest to the lumber manufactur
ers and to tlio reports of officers of the
association. Practically everv speaker
touched upon some phase of the pro
posed advance in lumber rates, which
was the topic of Friday's cession, at
which $101),000 was subscribed to fight
the railroads' plans. Mr. Emerson, of
Hoquiam, and W. A. Whitman, of Ta
coma, presented two sides of this ques
tion which appealed strongly to the lum
ber manufacturers.
Both speakers declared that unless
railroad rates remain as they stand at
present, only the very highest grade and
most costly lumber can be shipped fioin
Western Washington to be sold in com
petitive Eastern markets. "Under pres
ent conditions," said Mr. Whitman,
"Washington lumbermen are compelled
to waßte logs which would find a ready
sale in the Kast if made into a low grade
of lumber. While we only grade our
product in four classes with respect to
quality, the lumber manufactured in the
Eastern states is sold in many grades.
For example, there are fourteen grades
of white pine and seven grades of yellow
pine. The best white pine sells for $75
per 1,000 feet, while the lowest grade,
little better than culls, brings $14.
"If the ail vanned lumber rates aie jiut
into eli'ect, it will mean tliat the cost of
transportation on lumber shipped Kast
will be so great that only the most costly
and very best grade of lumber can be
shipped out of the state and a reasonable
profit realized. Washington millmen
have to burn up the kind of logs that in
the Kast are made into cull lumber that
sells for $14 per 1,000 feet."
Well Known Aberdeen Young Couple
Joined in Matrimony.
Miss Nellie M. Simmons and Mr. J.
K. Williams were married, at Montesauo,
Wednesday, July 31. The bride, who
came from the Kast, was an Aberdeen
girl, having attended the public schools
here in her early girlhood. From an eye
witness we have it that the bride, who is
naturally beautiful, looked prettier than
ever at the ceremony.
Miss Simmons—now Mrs. Williams—
is a refined and accomplished young lady,
whose kindly disposition has won the
love and respect of all who enjoy her ac
quaintance. Mr. Williams is a young
man of good habits, and an ambitious
temperament that has made him a host
of friends during his short residence in
After a short honeymoon, the happy
young couple will go to Kansas to make
their home, whither the good wishes of
their friends, including the llkimi.ii, will
follow them.
Children in Pain
never cry as do children who are suffer
ing from hunger. Such is the cause of
all babies who cry and are treated for
sickness, when they really are suffering
from hunger. This is caused by their
food not being assimilated but devoured
by worms. A few doses of White's
Cream Vermifuge wfll cause them to
cease crying and begin to thrive at once,
(iive it a trial. Sold bv all druggists, tn
Young Ladies to
Lea rn Tel ep h o*n e
Inquire at
Telephone Office
Efforts of a Hoquiam Pastor to Dic
tate to Aberdeen Officials Causes
feelings of Resentment. Sabba
tarian Committees From Hoquiam
in Town Yesterday. Suits Ahead.
An open letter written by Kev. E. L.
Benedict, ol lloquiaui, to Mayor France,
together with a published warning to put
on ilie Sunday lid, by tlie same gentle*
man, was the means of causing a meet
ing of about 75 business men of Aberdeen
.Saturday afternoon, and the organisation
of the Aberdeen Businessmen's Protec
tive Association.
VV bile the organization was primarily
for the purpose of testing the Sunday
law as it now stands on the statute
books, the inter ference of the Hoquiam
preacher in the local affairs of Aberdeen
had much to do with the large attend
ance and enthusiasm manifested. A fund
was raised to teßt the legality of the
statute, and it was decided to raise a fund
'or the purpose of carrying the matter
into the higher courts, and to disregard
tiie warning about closiug up the next
In accordance with this agreement all
the business houses that have been doing
business ou Sunday were open yesterday
with the exception of about a half-dozen,
including three saloons, whose proprie
tors were out of town.
Quite a number of the "Lid" advocates,
including the W. C. T. U., made tours of
the places that were open, and it is very
likely that a number of warrants of ar
rest will be sworn out today. This wars
expected, and a test case will be made to
thoroughly test the constitutionality of
the law.
The following is the open letter referred
to, published in the Hoquiam Washing
Editor Wasiiinotonian: —By your
courtety I have read the article in The
Washingtonian (published this morning)
f'om the Aberdeen correspondent, and I
am glad that at last the mayor of the
city of Aberdeen lias committed him
self. 1 thought that if I would keep
after him long enough, we would find
out just where lie stood. I am frank
to say that the big hindrance in the way
of law enforcement in Chehalis county
is just si eh ofli crs as be is, who, when
lie look his oath at ollice, swore that he
would support tlie laws of the country,
and now he allows his opinions to get
into print, to the effect that he is against
law enforcement. .Mr. France, why
don't you eithei fulfil your obligation to
the laws you swore to maintain, or give
up your position?
You not only refuse to carry out the
law yourself, but when some moral lead
er of society tries to close up this county
and do the work you were elected to do,
you boast that it is a piece of "silly
foolishness." What kind of an official
aie you, any way?
Again, you sav that if you have to put
on the lid (and everybody who knows
you, knows that von won't do it unless
you do have to), you w ill put it on so
tight that it will become very unpopular.
Everybody knows, or will know just
where I stand, and thank fortune we are
fast finding out just where you stand.
Mr. France, listen to what the Bible
says about just such men as you : "Woe
to the people who build their city with
blood." You want all of this iniquity
because there is revenue iu it. Why not
license the gambler, the prostitute and
the anarchist for the same reason? One
minute you say that if you had your way
you would ItAnish the saloons, and then
you turn right around and say that we
must have them because they bring in
revenue, and bewail the fact that the
city of Aberdeen has already lost $1,000.
You purpose to take the blood-uioney
from the saloons; the license or monthly
fine money from the scarlet women, and
the gambled money from the slot ma
chine, and help Aberdeen get out of debt?
Tlic day will conn: when the disregard
for Ihw by those in places of authority
will help to niKe up anarchists instead of
law-abiding citizens. < inly recently four
of the young men of my church were
found in your places of iniquity iu Aber
deen, and the Saturday night that three
gentlemen and myself went through the
slum district, and only one block off
from your best street, I found two more
of my congregation. I believe there
were 300 men in that district. Where
were you? How many hours have you
spent in worrying over the moral cess
pool of HELL in your citv? How much
evil have you stopped? How many
young men are you helping out of these
conditions and helping the conditions
away from the young men?
No—you seem to be more interested
that the city of Aberdeen get out of debt
with the revenue derived from this ele
ment, than to save our young men to the
home, to the republic, and to CiOD.
L. L. Benedict.
Shoes and Oxfords worth
§2.50 to be closed out at
$1.50 per Pair
Shoes and Oxfords worth
§3.50 and 64 to be closed out
$2.95 per Pair
"Abereeen's Best Store"
II ill ' .
One thousand children under twelve
are to have bank accounts of their
17 a own! We start these accounts with a
C/l-i \ ,J/ X deposit of 50 cents—you add $4.50, and
J then the $5.00 will begin to earn interest,
J If it doesn't suit you to add the $4.50
l X iust now, bring in $1.00, and keep on
i f making small deposits as convenient.
r. When you have deposited $4.50, we will
r \ ' our cents, and the money will
/ r.llp the" begin to earn interest. Now is the
I'JQO) 1)1 \TO time to get the young people started to
V\4flC saving their money. A dollar a week,
with interest, makes over $700 in ten
Tbi» ad good for 50 cent*. Bring it in with firit depoait. t
4«j ciDii'oiMi
HOME BANK >' fjl
St it«» Historical Society
Advertisers Who Would Accom
plish Results, Realize It.
No. 94

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