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Farm and Garden GATEWAYS AND FENCES. ►low the Farm or Garden May Be Cheaply End Picturesquely Inclosed. The appearance of a farm means a grvst deal to the owner if lie ever wis ties to sell it. Good fences, fresh palut, orderly yards and neat farm buildings count for profit. Buyers are tuorc- likely to take an attractive look ing place than an ugly one and are wHH;tg to pay more for it than for one wllk'li is run down. A well kept farm has an appearance of prosperity PLAN OF RUSTIC GATE. irhicti eanuot but make Its Impression on the prospective buyer. Even when tliere is uo question of n suie au air of thrift is a good investment, for it adds to the consideration in which the owner is held In the community. Farm fences should be kept In good condition for reasons of economy, if nothing else. The most picturesque ftmfc-s for farm or garden are of rough pasts. They may be made attractive to serve for the house and gar den; as may be seen by examining the illustrations, which suggest a new sljlc* for a gate and fence. "This rustic gateway, which was tmltt at a small cost, may be worth imitating, modified, of course, to fit tae surroundings. This one is between two cedar trees, and from it a wind ing path leads to the house. The cuts give an Idea as to how the gate Is made. The two uprights and the crosspiece on the top are of locust. AU the rest is of cedar. Parts of the smaller branches have been left on the plcces that go to fill up the gate. A gateway like this would not prove ef fective against pigs or chickens, but -would turn larger animals. It is not •Wnly cheap and durable, but decidedly attractive because so perfectly In har mony with Us surroundings. ' Soaking the lower ends of posts in cruJc petroleum and then burning it off. thus driving the hot oil into the ■wckkl while charring the outside, has glv.u the best results in preserving pitch pine posts. Posts which were trt:ited sixteen years ago before set ting and were recently taken up were in good condition. Those treated as above were all in practically sound condition and good to last fifteen to twenty years longer, if properly done this treatment seemingly would make g(w-l posts last indefinitely. Various methods of treatment were tried. Posts merely soaked in crude RUSTIC OATH AND FENCE. ~ petroleum gave next best results, 'wbile those treated with tar in a simi lar manner to petroleum stood next. Id each case the posts were set two feet deep and were treated to a height •of two and a half feet. Points In Gardening. There Is little danger of making the soil too rich for a vegetable garden. The use of hand tools is unnecessary In the preparation of a seed bed if the aoU is worked at the proper time. The labor of hand weeding may be reduced to a minimum by planting In freshly worked soil only, tilling close to the rows early In the season and permitting no weeds to ripen their seec!. The use of a wheel hoe saves labor in the care of a garden even when moots of the tillage is to be done with a bor?e. Dodder In the Clover. A dodder infested stand of clover or alfalfa may safely be allowed to pro duce a crop of hay or be used for pas turpfre or for soiling provided the crop Is removed before the dodder produces meet!. Plowing should follow immedi ately after the removal of the crop; •thcrwlse mature dodder seeds will be tmried and possibly prove troublesome 0d again being brought to the surface. Give a boy a garden patch all his oira and a few tools, and he will take -pride in making it a success If he has .ground worth anything. i * Working the soil while it Is too wet •r soggy Is not good for it. KILLING WEEDS. Governrr.ent Experts Claim That Iron Sulphate Will Destroy Them. At last weeds may be eradicated without the trouble of pulling them up by hand at the expense of time and an aching back. The magical eradicator of these pests of the gardener and farmer is sulphate of iron or green vitriol. This will shrivel up the rank growths, while the grass will thrive. The sulphate, which conies in the form of green crystals, is dissolved in water for application to the pernicious weeds. A couple of pounds to the gal lon is said to be about the right quan tity to settle the fate of the most de termined lawn dandelion that grows. Wild mustard requires a stronger dose, and the farmer who goes on the war path after this common destroyer is advised to use from 75 to 100 pounds of the stuff for each fifty-two gallons of water and then g»> forth for a wholesale slaying. The solution is not to be applied with an ordinary sprinkling can it probably would eat the can with more avidity than It eats weeds even. A spraying machine is necessary. The introduction of Mr. Sulphate to Mr. Weed is performed in the tender youth of the latter, when he is unsophisticat ed and about four inches high. The presence of a good, bright sun is said to help the matter along, and if it hap pens to be in the early morning when the dew is still on the ground, why, so much the better. The sulphate works in a slow and leisurely fashion, and for the first day or so the intruders continue to stand up and pretend they like it. On the second day, however, they lose heart and ambition. They become mourning weeds, the chief mourners at their own funeral. The process lias been tried 011 the wheatfields at the North Dakota ag ricultural experiment station as well as in flax culture in Minnesota. Some remarkable results are said to have been obtained at the Cornell university experiment station at Ithaca, N. Y. Sulphate Is said also to have establish ed its usefulness in the oat fields of Wisconsin. IN THE SMOKEHOUSE. A Device For Adding to the Conven ience of the Structure. A method of hanging the meat in a smokehouse without reaching up or using a ladder is shown in the accom- PULLEY FOlt HANGING MEAT, panying illustration. The smokehouse may be of any shape, but it should be provided with cleats fixed to the sides, upon which the hanging bars rest. A pulley iy. fitted inside to the top of the building, and a hoisting rope is passed over it. The hanging bar is fastened to the rope by two spreading ties, so that it will not easily tip when loaded. The hams and meat are hung upon the hooks fixed In the bar, and the whole is hoisted to the cleats, when the bar is swung around so that the ends rest upon the cleats. The rope is then released from the bar by means of a small rod, and another bar may be loaded and raised in the same way. A Great Combination. To the poultry yard let us add the orchard. They work In perfect har mony. They supplement each other perfectly, and the orchard can be plan ned to be the main thing in the future or permitted to remain always in sec ond place, according to one's predilec tions. Poultry, besides being money makers, are to the orchardlst money savers. They are of great value, inas much as they destroy myriads of In sect enemies, many before they are born Into their fruit destroying stage of development. They are death on borers; hence are time savers, for bor ers let go for man only by strong per suasion. They furnish much fertilizing material and keep down weed growth. They eat fruit falling from insect at tack and destroy the pests. Therefore from every point of view fruit and poultry is a great combination.—H. B. Fullerton. Tops of Fenceposts The tops of fenccposts should be cut slanting, preferably with an ax, so that rainwater will not remain on them. When they are cut with a saw the pitch should be greater, especially in posts in which there Is a marked difference in hardness between the spring wood and the summer wood. Rutabaga*. Rutabagas seeded so early that they make their main growth during the hottest weather are as a result apt to be hard and fibrous. Sow from the last of June to July 15, says a Mlnne lota farmer, If you wait them tender Ind Juicy. ABERDEEN HERALD, MONDAY. JUNE 15. 1908. Probably. Howell—When you are in Rome you should do as the Romans do. Powell—But the Romans must have done everybody by this time.—Brook lyn Life. The Well Meaning Person. When ho works hard with hand or pen, Though his intentions none can doubt. It means that several other men Must work to straighten his work out! —Harvard Lampoon. Merely a Repeater. Gerald—You are the only girl I have ever loved. Geraldine—Do you expect me to mar ry a phonograph?— Wasp. Yet Nobody Believes It. Fame doth still remain a bubble. Laurels mean but toil and trouble. Happy he who lives forgot. llis is much the better lot. —Cleveland Plain Dealer. The Ruling Passion. Shipvrecked Mariner —A sail! A sail at last! Fair One In Distress (weakly) — What are they advertising?— Puck. Alas! Tlds world, alas. Is filled with kickers, Who scorn the rose And hunt the stickers. —Minneapolis Journal. How to Fi3h. Probably the most important lesson we learu in troutlng is to keep out of sight. We cannot cast a lly without motion, and even a shadow will alarm a trout. We soon learu how important it is to have the sun shining in our faces and not comfortably warming our backs. If obliged to fish in sight of the trout a good background is a help. Keep the rod low down with the side or underhand cast. With the rays of the sun striking the water obliquely at certain hours in the morning and after noon we can, if facing it, stand within easy casting distance of a school of trout and present our flies without alarming them. The fish may be lying in shallow water, but we cannot see them nor can they see us. Under other conditions or with the sun in our rear they would take fright before we ar rived within range. — Forest and Stream. An Observing Puppy, "I have a bull pup, aged ten months, nnd a buMdog, four years old, both of which live in the house and are great pets," wrote a clergyman to the Lon don Spectator. "A short time ago my wife was ill, and, though the older dog, owing to his quiet and sedate way, was allowed to enter her room, the puppy was never admitted. The nurse could always tell which dog was at the door, because the older dog gave one single and gentle stratch and then remained quiet, while the puppy scratched violently and frequently whined. The puppy apparently could not understand why she was not ad mitted and felt her exclusion sorely. "One day she scratched furiously, as usual. No notice was taken. Present ly she was heard going flop flop down stairs. In a few minutes the single gentle scratch of the old dog was heard, the door was opened, and there were both dogs, and, strange to say. from that time the puppy so Imitated the scratch of the other (log that it was impossible to tell which was at the door. Undoubtedly the puppy went and asked the old dog to show her how he gained admission. How else can one explain the faci'V" Sore Nipples. Any mother who has had expe rience with this distressing ailment will be pleased to know that a cure may be effected by applying Cham berlain's Salve as soon as the child is done nursing. Wipe it oft with a soft cloth before allowing the babe to nurse. Many trained nurses use this salve with best results. For sale by Evans Drug Co. CITY FIRE ALARM BOXES. Below is given the location of the real and imaginary boxes, the latter being marked with an asterisk (•): •Box No. 4—Young and Thomas, North Aberdeen. ♦Box No. s—B and Cleveland streets, Highland Home. •Box No. 7 —Terrace avenue and D street, High School. •Box No. B.—Burrows' Dock. •Box No. 9 —Hume and K streets, Northern Pacific Railroad Depot. •Box No. 12—Boone and King streets. South Aberdeen. Box No. 15—Wilson Bros' Mill, Box No. 17.— S. E. Slade Mill. Box No. 21.—Market and F streets. Box No. 23.—American Mill. Box No. 25.—Heron and F streets. Box No. 27—Fourth and G streets. •Box No. 31—Franklin School, Market, between Jefferson and M streets. Box No. 32—Hume and H streets. Box No. 35—Anderson & Middle ton Mill. Box No. 37—Heron and Broadway. Box No. 38—Third and Broadway. Box No. 42—Hart-Wood Lumber Co.'s Mill. Box No. 45—Western Cooperage. Box No. 47—Hume and Washing ton streets. Stomach Troubles. Many remarkable cures of stomach troubles have been effected by Cham berlain's Stomach and Liver Tablets. One man who had spent over two 'housard dollars for medicine and freatiaent was cured by a few boxes of tbeso tablets. Price 25 cents. Samples free at Evans Drug Co. MECHANICAL STOKER. Device That Automatically Feeds Lo comotive Furnaces. In the working of the Crosby me chanical stoker 011 locomotives the transference of coal from tender to fire door is accomplished by the use of a screw conveyor extending from the coal space in the tender to the tire door and running in a sheet -metal trough having a circular bottom and flaring sides. The trough lies upon fhe bottom of the coal space from the rear end to a ]>oi:>t just in front of the coal gate. At this point both auger and trou-ih are so jointed as to pro vide for the motion of engine and tend er duo to unevenness of track and on curves; also to allow the remaining portion of the auger and trough to in cline upward t<» the lire door, and also WOKM CONVEYOK, CKOSISY STOKER. to allow the trough and auger to be raised to a vertical position and stand back against the coal gate out of the way when not in use. When in op eration the upper end of this member of the conveyor rests in a pivoted sad dle upon tile stoker proper. The lower section of the conveyor Is covered when the tender Is full of coal from Its rear end to within a few Inches of the coal gate with plates about a foot long, and as the coal supply dltninshes the plates are one by one removed. Hanging under this upper or Inclined section of the conveyor Is a case con taining a cone gear, by which uny one of several speeds may be imparted to the screw, or It may be stopped or started instantly at will. The complete control of the screw is secured by a lever placed within easy reach of the operator. The throwing of the coal on the fire is accomplished by rapidly revolving steel blades within a small receiving hopper, which are carried upon a head similar to that used on a wood planer. The conveyor discharges coal at the required rate into the small re ceiving hopper, whence the blades gather It and discharge It forcibly through a round nozzle in the door. Each of these blades discharges one half of the receiving hopper, as they are offset for that purpose and are run at a constant speed in operation. The distribution of the coal is done by moving a deflector as the coal emerges from the nozzle, thus guiding it over the fire box, not all at ouce, shower-like, but from place to place until the entire grate is covered.—Rail way and Locomotive Engineering. HEALING RADIUM SPRING. Curative Properties In Water of Aus trian Uranium Mines. Al>out eighteen miles from Carlsbad is the small town of St. Joaclilmstal, where the Austrian government has one of its tobacco factories, and about three miles from that town, up in the hills, at a place which Is difficult to reach, are the imperial uranium works, which have become famous during the last few years on account of the radium found in the uranium stone. There Is also a government factory at St. Joachlmstal where chemical colors are made from the uranium and shipped to all parts of the country. About two years ago the imperial managers of the uranium mines made a report to the govern ment authorities that the water of the mine was found to contain radium, and medical experts have since de clared that these waters are of high medical value in certain diseases. Recently most of the Austrian news papers have published items according to which the Austrian government is convinced of the high value of these waters and intends to take charge thereof, construct a proper radium spring and build hotels, which it will control.—Consular Report. The Cubic Contents of Ocean Areas. The mean height of all the land now above the sen is referred to by Lyell as being 1.000 feet. The mean depth of the ocean is at least 12.000 feet—that is. It exceeds the height of the land twelve times. This Is because the ex treme heights of the land, although probably no K>ss than the extreme depths of the sea. yet are exceptional heights, while the ocean maintains its depth over enormous areas. Owing to the fact that the surface of the ocean to that of the land is as two and a half to one, the ocean would accommodate the whole of the land thirty times over were It all pitched into the ocean areas. —Knowledge and Scientific News. The World's Sugar Production. An estimate by the British board of trade of the sugar production of the world for 1900 makes a total of 14,312.- 710 long tons, of which 7,317,472 tons were cane ami 0.993.2-14 tons beet, the production of both kinds advancing practically nt the same rate since IS9B. In the production of cane sugar Brit ish india had the largest output. 2,223,400 tons, and In beet sugar Ger many ranked first, with an output of 2,302,187 tons. In consumption of sug ar per head Australia stands lirst with 129 pounds, the flitted States coming next with 89 pounds and the United Kingdom following u (tli 81 pounds. THE DESERT. lAM the pure proud land that hath : hearkened to no man's wooing; j I am the virgin land vowed sole to ( the service of God; The silence that broods on my hills is | my answer to human suing. And there is the pcace on my plains that marks where the Lord hath trod. : I and my sister—the sea—we fret at your ' insolent creeping; She decks with a light foam wreath the j place of a strong man's rest. And the dry skull, bleached to silver, where the sated wolf is sleeping Is a trivial gaud scarce worthy to lie on my proud white breast. Love you your fat green valleys, tho riches of man's long labor".' Love you the fob. -ss of cities, dark with the ages' grime? Find you your gladness warm in the smile and the grasp d>t >our neighbor? Bide you then- with your kin. the play- j thing of men and of time. But when kisses have cooled on your lips and your ryes have grown weary of weeping. When your pitiful loves slink down to the clasp of the eager earth, Come you and taste of the peace that the; guard of my hills is keeping. Come and learn you the sweetness of , silence, the mother of God's own I mirth. He Is throned on my crimson hills in a i purple meet for his passion; The hot bright flame of his patience , plays over the leper white plains. I The wonderful sun is his herald and : speaks him in kingly fashion, And the k »iden splendor of midnight is : the veil that his glory deigns. Leave you the joys of green valleys to faint hearts that wait on their sating. Here in the sweet fresh air the soul is cleansed from its fears- Can you bargain with age the dcspoiler— t will time not grow weary of waiting? ; But here in the desert is God, the end i and crown of the years. i —Gertrude King. It Must Have Been Quiet. "Yes; everybody of any consequence In town was there." "What did you do for things to talk about?"— Browning's Magazine. A Summer Trap. Oft when Cupid's after hearts He discards Ills bow and darts, Finding that a net will do- Viz, a hammock built for two. —Philadelphia Preaa. Trees Not Immune to Lightning. According to Dr. A. W. Borthwlck, quoted In Science, the popular notion that some species of trees are very frequently struck by lightning and oth er species practically immune Is not Justified by any obtainable scientifi< facts. The lightning, he says, selects one variety of tree as often as another, except that the higher ones are perhaps likely to suffer the most. One of the supposed immune trees is the beech, and oaks and pines have an exactly opposite reputation. They are, how ever, all equally subject to destruction by this form of atmospheric electricity, and If one must stand under a tree during a thunderstorm one species la as dangerous as another. OME PRINTERS still use old style material with good effect. What we use is the best for each job we handle. We Dj|pknow how to produce good work 71] and insure you the results of our Good Printing' hobby—it's Good Printing. No iob leaves the office that isn't at the top-notch of'per* fection —particularly Stationery. That's where hel*gets<[in his artistic work—that makes you feel a certainjpride in writing a letter on Herald Printery work. Never any chance for a "kick." HERALD PBINTERY 408 E. Wishkah St. Teleohone 3541 The COLONIAL HOTEL Newly renovated and refitted. Everything first class. Rooms for transient or permanent guests. Centrally located. All modern improvements. ♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦♦ New Management Telephone 191 " Take the Trolley M DANCING —at the — PAVILION —on — WEIOTimr ;intl S\i I M>\V Centlemen 50c J.iHiiion'tv Orchestra "Take the Trollev " POPULAR RESCRTS Cigars. Whiskies and Wines Hit* Mills: Saloon 4:15 South F St. Phone 215 LEE WILLIAMS. Prop. Humboldt Saloon FRED HEWETT, Prop. Finest Wines, Liquors anil Cigars 313 South F Street, Aberdeen, Wash. Soft Drinks Hard Drinks "E LUNCH i!i Best on the market, prepared in the most approved fashion. CERMANfA BAR 312 South G St. Cold Drinks Hot Drinks The PIOOEtiR HOTEL and CAFE JOHN KAHLE, Prop. Good <IMn bed* 35c an<l GOo Merchant'* Lunch Cold Lunch Sandwiches Gorman Style 412 E. Heron St. Aberdeen Fine Job Printing at moderate price* Herald Prlntery.