GATEWAYS AND FENCES.
►low the Farm or Garden May Be
Cheaply End Picturesquely Inclosed.
The appearance of a farm means a
grvst deal to the owner if lie ever
wis ties to sell it. Good fences, fresh
palut, orderly yards and neat farm
buildings count for profit. Buyers are
tuorc- likely to take an attractive look
ing place than an ugly one and are
wHH;tg to pay more for it than for one
wllk'li is run down. A well kept farm
has an appearance of prosperity
PLAN OF RUSTIC GATE.
irhicti eanuot but make Its Impression
on the prospective buyer. Even when
tliere is uo question of n suie au air of
thrift is a good investment, for it
adds to the consideration in which the
owner is held In the community.
Farm fences should be kept In good
condition for reasons of economy, if
nothing else. The most picturesque
ftmfc-s for farm or garden are of rough
pasts. They may be made attractive
to serve for the house and gar
den; as may be seen by examining the
illustrations, which suggest a new
sljlc* for a gate and fence.
"This rustic gateway, which was
tmltt at a small cost, may be worth
imitating, modified, of course, to fit
tae surroundings. This one is between
two cedar trees, and from it a wind
ing path leads to the house. The cuts
give an Idea as to how the gate Is
made. The two uprights and the
crosspiece on the top are of locust.
AU the rest is of cedar. Parts of the
smaller branches have been left on the
plcces that go to fill up the gate. A
gateway like this would not prove ef
fective against pigs or chickens, but
-would turn larger animals. It is not
•Wnly cheap and durable, but decidedly
attractive because so perfectly In har
mony with Us surroundings.
' Soaking the lower ends of posts in
cruJc petroleum and then burning it
off. thus driving the hot oil into the
■wckkl while charring the outside, has
glv.u the best results in preserving
pitch pine posts. Posts which were
trt:ited sixteen years ago before set
ting and were recently taken up were
in good condition. Those treated as
above were all in practically sound
condition and good to last fifteen to
twenty years longer, if properly done
this treatment seemingly would make
g(w-l posts last indefinitely.
Various methods of treatment were
tried. Posts merely soaked in crude
RUSTIC OATH AND FENCE.
~ petroleum gave next best results,
'wbile those treated with tar in a simi
lar manner to petroleum stood next.
Id each case the posts were set two
feet deep and were treated to a height
•of two and a half feet.
Points In Gardening.
There Is little danger of making the
soil too rich for a vegetable garden.
The use of hand tools is unnecessary
In the preparation of a seed bed if the
aoU is worked at the proper time.
The labor of hand weeding may be
reduced to a minimum by planting In
freshly worked soil only, tilling close
to the rows early In the season and
permitting no weeds to ripen their
The use of a wheel hoe saves labor
in the care of a garden even when
moots of the tillage is to be done with
Dodder In the Clover.
A dodder infested stand of clover or
alfalfa may safely be allowed to pro
duce a crop of hay or be used for pas
turpfre or for soiling provided the crop
Is removed before the dodder produces
meet!. Plowing should follow immedi
ately after the removal of the crop;
•thcrwlse mature dodder seeds will be
tmried and possibly prove troublesome
0d again being brought to the surface.
Give a boy a garden patch all his
oira and a few tools, and he will take
-pride in making it a success If he has
.ground worth anything.
Working the soil while it Is too wet
•r soggy Is not good for it.
Governrr.ent Experts Claim That Iron
Sulphate Will Destroy Them.
At last weeds may be eradicated
without the trouble of pulling them up
by hand at the expense of time and an
aching back. The magical eradicator
of these pests of the gardener and
farmer is sulphate of iron or green
vitriol. This will shrivel up the rank
growths, while the grass will thrive.
The sulphate, which conies in the
form of green crystals, is dissolved in
water for application to the pernicious
weeds. A couple of pounds to the gal
lon is said to be about the right quan
tity to settle the fate of the most de
termined lawn dandelion that grows.
Wild mustard requires a stronger dose,
and the farmer who goes on the war
path after this common destroyer is
advised to use from 75 to 100 pounds
of the stuff for each fifty-two gallons
of water and then g»> forth for a
The solution is not to be applied
with an ordinary sprinkling can it
probably would eat the can with more
avidity than It eats weeds even. A
spraying machine is necessary. The
introduction of Mr. Sulphate to Mr.
Weed is performed in the tender youth
of the latter, when he is unsophisticat
ed and about four inches high. The
presence of a good, bright sun is said
to help the matter along, and if it hap
pens to be in the early morning when
the dew is still on the ground, why, so
much the better. The sulphate works
in a slow and leisurely fashion, and
for the first day or so the intruders
continue to stand up and pretend they
like it. On the second day, however,
they lose heart and ambition. They
become mourning weeds, the chief
mourners at their own funeral.
The process lias been tried 011 the
wheatfields at the North Dakota ag
ricultural experiment station as well
as in flax culture in Minnesota. Some
remarkable results are said to have
been obtained at the Cornell university
experiment station at Ithaca, N. Y.
Sulphate Is said also to have establish
ed its usefulness in the oat fields of
IN THE SMOKEHOUSE.
A Device For Adding to the Conven
ience of the Structure.
A method of hanging the meat in a
smokehouse without reaching up or
using a ladder is shown in the accom-
PULLEY FOlt HANGING MEAT,
panying illustration. The smokehouse
may be of any shape, but it should be
provided with cleats fixed to the sides,
upon which the hanging bars rest.
A pulley iy. fitted inside to the top of
the building, and a hoisting rope is
passed over it. The hanging bar is
fastened to the rope by two spreading
ties, so that it will not easily tip when
loaded. The hams and meat are hung
upon the hooks fixed In the bar, and
the whole is hoisted to the cleats,
when the bar is swung around so that
the ends rest upon the cleats. The
rope is then released from the bar by
means of a small rod, and another bar
may be loaded and raised in the same
A Great Combination.
To the poultry yard let us add the
orchard. They work In perfect har
mony. They supplement each other
perfectly, and the orchard can be plan
ned to be the main thing in the future
or permitted to remain always in sec
ond place, according to one's predilec
tions. Poultry, besides being money
makers, are to the orchardlst money
savers. They are of great value, inas
much as they destroy myriads of In
sect enemies, many before they are
born Into their fruit destroying stage
of development. They are death on
borers; hence are time savers, for bor
ers let go for man only by strong per
suasion. They furnish much fertilizing
material and keep down weed growth.
They eat fruit falling from insect at
tack and destroy the pests. Therefore
from every point of view fruit and
poultry is a great combination.—H. B.
Tops of Fenceposts
The tops of fenccposts should be cut
slanting, preferably with an ax, so
that rainwater will not remain on
them. When they are cut with a saw
the pitch should be greater, especially
in posts in which there Is a marked
difference in hardness between the
spring wood and the summer wood.
Rutabagas seeded so early that they
make their main growth during the
hottest weather are as a result apt to
be hard and fibrous. Sow from the
last of June to July 15, says a Mlnne
lota farmer, If you wait them tender
ABERDEEN HERALD, MONDAY. JUNE 15. 1908.
Howell—When you are in Rome you
should do as the Romans do.
Powell—But the Romans must have
done everybody by this time.—Brook
The Well Meaning Person.
When ho works hard with hand or pen,
Though his intentions none can doubt.
It means that several other men
Must work to straighten his work out!
Merely a Repeater.
Gerald—You are the only girl I have
Geraldine—Do you expect me to mar
ry a phonograph?— Wasp.
Yet Nobody Believes It.
Fame doth still remain a bubble.
Laurels mean but toil and trouble.
Happy he who lives forgot.
llis is much the better lot.
—Cleveland Plain Dealer.
The Ruling Passion.
Shipvrecked Mariner —A sail! A
sail at last!
Fair One In Distress (weakly) —
What are they advertising?— Puck.
Tlds world, alas.
Is filled with kickers,
Who scorn the rose
And hunt the stickers.
How to Fi3h.
Probably the most important lesson
we learu in troutlng is to keep out of
sight. We cannot cast a lly without
motion, and even a shadow will alarm
a trout. We soon learu how important
it is to have the sun shining in our
faces and not comfortably warming
our backs. If obliged to fish in sight of
the trout a good background is a help.
Keep the rod low down with the side
or underhand cast. With the rays of
the sun striking the water obliquely at
certain hours in the morning and after
noon we can, if facing it, stand within
easy casting distance of a school of
trout and present our flies without
alarming them. The fish may be lying
in shallow water, but we cannot see
them nor can they see us. Under other
conditions or with the sun in our rear
they would take fright before we ar
rived within range. — Forest and
An Observing Puppy,
"I have a bull pup, aged ten months,
nnd a buMdog, four years old, both of
which live in the house and are great
pets," wrote a clergyman to the Lon
don Spectator. "A short time ago my
wife was ill, and, though the older dog,
owing to his quiet and sedate way,
was allowed to enter her room, the
puppy was never admitted. The nurse
could always tell which dog was at
the door, because the older dog gave
one single and gentle stratch and then
remained quiet, while the puppy
scratched violently and frequently
whined. The puppy apparently could
not understand why she was not ad
mitted and felt her exclusion sorely.
"One day she scratched furiously, as
usual. No notice was taken. Present
ly she was heard going flop flop down
stairs. In a few minutes the single
gentle scratch of the old dog was
heard, the door was opened, and there
were both dogs, and, strange to say.
from that time the puppy so Imitated
the scratch of the other (log that it was
impossible to tell which was at the
door. Undoubtedly the puppy went
and asked the old dog to show her
how he gained admission. How else
can one explain the faci'V"
Any mother who has had expe
rience with this distressing ailment
will be pleased to know that a cure
may be effected by applying Cham
berlain's Salve as soon as the child is
done nursing. Wipe it oft with a soft
cloth before allowing the babe to
nurse. Many trained nurses use this
salve with best results. For sale by
Evans Drug Co.
CITY FIRE ALARM BOXES.
Below is given the location of the
real and imaginary boxes, the latter
being marked with an asterisk (•):
•Box No. 4—Young and Thomas,
♦Box No. s—B and Cleveland
streets, Highland Home.
•Box No. 7 —Terrace avenue and
D street, High School.
•Box No. B.—Burrows' Dock.
•Box No. 9 —Hume and K streets,
Northern Pacific Railroad Depot.
•Box No. 12—Boone and King
streets. South Aberdeen.
Box No. 15—Wilson Bros' Mill,
Box No. 17.— S. E. Slade Mill.
Box No. 21.—Market and F
Box No. 23.—American Mill.
Box No. 25.—Heron and F streets.
Box No. 27—Fourth and G streets.
•Box No. 31—Franklin School,
Market, between Jefferson and M
Box No. 32—Hume and H streets.
Box No. 35—Anderson & Middle
Box No. 37—Heron and Broadway.
Box No. 38—Third and Broadway.
Box No. 42—Hart-Wood Lumber
Box No. 45—Western Cooperage.
Box No. 47—Hume and Washing
Many remarkable cures of stomach
troubles have been effected by Cham
berlain's Stomach and Liver Tablets.
One man who had spent over two
'housard dollars for medicine and
freatiaent was cured by a few boxes
of tbeso tablets. Price 25 cents.
Samples free at Evans Drug Co.
Device That Automatically Feeds Lo
In the working of the Crosby me
chanical stoker 011 locomotives the
transference of coal from tender to
fire door is accomplished by the use of
a screw conveyor extending from the
coal space in the tender to the tire
door and running in a sheet -metal
trough having a circular bottom and
flaring sides. The trough lies upon
fhe bottom of the coal space from the
rear end to a ]>oi:>t just in front of the
coal gate. At this point both auger
and trou-ih are so jointed as to pro
vide for the motion of engine and tend
er duo to unevenness of track and on
curves; also to allow the remaining
portion of the auger and trough to in
cline upward t<» the lire door, and also
WOKM CONVEYOK, CKOSISY STOKER.
to allow the trough and auger to be
raised to a vertical position and stand
back against the coal gate out of the
way when not in use. When in op
eration the upper end of this member
of the conveyor rests in a pivoted sad
dle upon tile stoker proper. The lower
section of the conveyor Is covered when
the tender Is full of coal from Its
rear end to within a few Inches of the
coal gate with plates about a foot long,
and as the coal supply dltninshes the
plates are one by one removed.
Hanging under this upper or Inclined
section of the conveyor Is a case con
taining a cone gear, by which uny one
of several speeds may be imparted to
the screw, or It may be stopped or
started instantly at will. The complete
control of the screw is secured by a
lever placed within easy reach of the
The throwing of the coal on the fire
is accomplished by rapidly revolving
steel blades within a small receiving
hopper, which are carried upon a
head similar to that used on a wood
planer. The conveyor discharges coal
at the required rate into the small re
ceiving hopper, whence the blades
gather It and discharge It forcibly
through a round nozzle in the door.
Each of these blades discharges one
half of the receiving hopper, as they
are offset for that purpose and are run
at a constant speed in operation.
The distribution of the coal is done
by moving a deflector as the coal
emerges from the nozzle, thus guiding
it over the fire box, not all at ouce,
shower-like, but from place to place
until the entire grate is covered.—Rail
way and Locomotive Engineering.
HEALING RADIUM SPRING.
Curative Properties In Water of Aus
trian Uranium Mines.
Al>out eighteen miles from Carlsbad
is the small town of St. Joaclilmstal,
where the Austrian government has
one of its tobacco factories, and about
three miles from that town, up in the
hills, at a place which Is difficult to
reach, are the imperial uranium
works, which have become famous
during the last few years on account
of the radium found in the uranium
stone. There Is also a government
factory at St. Joachlmstal where
chemical colors are made from the
uranium and shipped to all parts of
the country. About two years ago the
imperial managers of the uranium
mines made a report to the govern
ment authorities that the water of the
mine was found to contain radium,
and medical experts have since de
clared that these waters are of high
medical value in certain diseases.
Recently most of the Austrian news
papers have published items according
to which the Austrian government is
convinced of the high value of these
waters and intends to take charge
thereof, construct a proper radium
spring and build hotels, which it will
The Cubic Contents of Ocean Areas.
The mean height of all the land now
above the sen is referred to by Lyell as
being 1.000 feet. The mean depth of
the ocean is at least 12.000 feet—that
is. It exceeds the height of the land
twelve times. This Is because the ex
treme heights of the land, although
probably no K>ss than the extreme
depths of the sea. yet are exceptional
heights, while the ocean maintains its
depth over enormous areas. Owing to
the fact that the surface of the ocean
to that of the land is as two and a half
to one, the ocean would accommodate
the whole of the land thirty times over
were It all pitched into the ocean areas.
—Knowledge and Scientific News.
The World's Sugar Production.
An estimate by the British board of
trade of the sugar production of the
world for 1900 makes a total of 14,312.-
710 long tons, of which 7,317,472 tons
were cane ami 0.993.2-14 tons beet, the
production of both kinds advancing
practically nt the same rate since IS9B.
In the production of cane sugar Brit
ish india had the largest output.
2,223,400 tons, and In beet sugar Ger
many ranked first, with an output of
2,302,187 tons. In consumption of sug
ar per head Australia stands lirst with
129 pounds, the flitted States coming
next with 89 pounds and the United
Kingdom following u (tli 81 pounds.
lAM the pure proud land that hath :
hearkened to no man's wooing; j
I am the virgin land vowed sole to (
the service of God;
The silence that broods on my hills is |
my answer to human suing.
And there is the pcace on my plains that
marks where the Lord hath trod. :
I and my sister—the sea—we fret at your '
She decks with a light foam wreath the j
place of a strong man's rest.
And the dry skull, bleached to silver,
where the sated wolf is sleeping
Is a trivial gaud scarce worthy to lie on
my proud white breast.
Love you your fat green valleys, tho
riches of man's long labor".'
Love you the fob. -ss of cities, dark
with the ages' grime?
Find you your gladness warm in the smile
and the grasp d>t >our neighbor?
Bide you then- with your kin. the play- j
thing of men and of time.
But when kisses have cooled on your lips
and your ryes have grown weary of
When your pitiful loves slink down to
the clasp of the eager earth,
Come you and taste of the peace that the;
guard of my hills is keeping.
Come and learn you the sweetness of ,
silence, the mother of God's own I
He Is throned on my crimson hills in a i
purple meet for his passion;
The hot bright flame of his patience ,
plays over the leper white plains. I
The wonderful sun is his herald and :
speaks him in kingly fashion,
And the k »iden splendor of midnight is :
the veil that his glory deigns.
Leave you the joys of green valleys to
faint hearts that wait on their sating.
Here in the sweet fresh air the soul is
cleansed from its fears-
Can you bargain with age the dcspoiler— t
will time not grow weary of waiting? ;
But here in the desert is God, the end i
and crown of the years. i
It Must Have Been Quiet.
"Yes; everybody of any consequence
In town was there."
"What did you do for things to talk
about?"— Browning's Magazine.
A Summer Trap.
Oft when Cupid's after hearts
He discards Ills bow and darts,
Finding that a net will do-
Viz, a hammock built for two.
Trees Not Immune to Lightning.
According to Dr. A. W. Borthwlck,
quoted In Science, the popular notion
that some species of trees are very
frequently struck by lightning and oth
er species practically immune Is not
Justified by any obtainable scientifi<
facts. The lightning, he says, selects
one variety of tree as often as another,
except that the higher ones are perhaps
likely to suffer the most. One of the
supposed immune trees is the beech,
and oaks and pines have an exactly
opposite reputation. They are, how
ever, all equally subject to destruction
by this form of atmospheric electricity,
and If one must stand under a tree
during a thunderstorm one species la
as dangerous as another.
still use old style material with
good effect. What we use is the
best for each job we handle. We
Dj|pknow how to produce good work
71] and insure you the results of our
hobby—it's Good Printing.
No iob leaves the office that isn't at the top-notch of'per*
fection —particularly Stationery. That's where hel*gets<[in
his artistic work—that makes you feel a certainjpride in
writing a letter on Herald Printery work.
Never any chance for a "kick."
408 E. Wishkah St. Teleohone 3541
The COLONIAL HOTEL
Newly renovated and refitted. Everything first class.
Rooms for transient or permanent guests. Centrally located.
All modern improvements.
New Management Telephone 191
" Take the Trolley M
—at the —
WEIOTimr ;intl S\i I M>\V
"Take the Trollev "
Cigars. Whiskies and Wines
Hit* Mills: Saloon
4:15 South F St. Phone 215
LEE WILLIAMS. Prop.
FRED HEWETT, Prop.
Finest Wines, Liquors anil Cigars
313 South F Street,
Soft Drinks Hard Drinks
"E LUNCH i!i
Best on the market, prepared in the most
312 South G St.
Cold Drinks Hot Drinks
The PIOOEtiR HOTEL and CAFE
JOHN KAHLE, Prop.
Good <IMn bed* 35c an<l GOo
Merchant'* Lunch Cold Lunch
Sandwiches Gorman Style
412 E. Heron St. Aberdeen
Fine Job Printing at moderate price*
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