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ACCORD MARIXF.S WEIiCOMK.
Australians Receive American* «« If lU'turuing Triumphant Array. Melbourne, Sept. I.—Formal entry of the Americans into Melbourne took place yesterday. Admiral Sperry and his Btaff landed at the St. Kilda pier, where they were met by the Prime Minister, Alfred Dea kln; the Premier of Victoria, Sir Thomas Dent, and the other mem bers of the commonwealth and State Ministers. The other officers of the American fleet and bluejackets and marines to the number of more than 2000 land ed at Port Melbourne pier. From that point they marched 12 deep past the I'ort Melbourne and South Mel bourne town halls to St. Kilda road, the main southern approach to the city, where dense masses of sight seers had assembled. It was more like a triumphant march than a parade of visiting sai lors. A public reception was held in honor of the officers and men by Lord Northcote, the general governor, and Sir Thomas Gibson Carmichaei, alter which the visitors were entertained at luncheon. ADLAI E. STEVENSON. Former vice president, nominated fo governor of Illinois by the Democrats. Embezzler Is Caught in Portland. Portland, Ore., Sept. 1. —After evading the police of many cities for four months, being wanted on a charge of embezzlement by the Nor thern Life Insurance Company of Seattle, G. H. Klerstand, formerly assistant general manager of that cor poration, was placed under arrest Saturday. Broken in health and ■pirits, and as weak as a child, when taken into custody, Kierstand made a full confession of his crime and begged to be sent back to stand trial. When interviewed in a cell of the City Jail, Kierstand admitted the truth of the charges that have been preferred against him, and declared himself to be the most miserable In the world. Ever since he fled from Seattlo, he said, he has been tormented day and night. In a vain effort to forget hl3 crime, he took to drink, and is now in a pitiable eonrt'tion. Sleep forsook him, and wherever he went, ever trying to ovade the authorities and to keep his mind off his unfortunate deed, he could think of nothing else. After fleeing from Seattle, Kler stand said, he went direct to Chicago, where he drank heavily. Wishing to make amends, he wrote to hi:; company headquarters in Seattle to General Manager T. M. Morgan, ask ing an opportunity to return and "make good." No reply came, and he spent a long time, wandering about in the small towns near the metropolis, trying to avoid arrest. Two weeks ago he determined to come to the Coast, and he reached Portland last Thursday. He hoped that he might find friends here, who would assist him in arranging for an adjustment of his affairs with the Seattle firm, but he found none, and went wand' l ing about, undetormite d what to do. The police of all Coast cities having In ■ n notiHed, however, the detectives picked him up on the street and tool: him to police head quarters, win re he was locked up. Itride Drinks Poison. Wallace, Idaho, Sept. I. --Continu ous repetition of gossip that her hus band was untrue on the part of neighbors and family friends led t;> an attempt on the part of Mrs. Frank liUßt.r, of Burke, to commit suicide by swallowing a large quantity of corrosive sublimate. Mrs. Buster is only 11> years of age and a bride of less than two weeks. For almost an hour, in her desperate attempt to end her lift', a'ter she h'ul taken the poison, the girl fought off her rela tives and friends, who tried to give her an antidote. This object was only accomplished when she fell ex hausted from the effects of the poison and exertion. Ilor chances of retov ery are said to be very slight. Hitchcock to Visit Fur West. Chicago, Sept. 1. -Frank H. Hitch cock, chairman of the Republican Na tional Committee, : rrlved here yes terilay with Secretary Haywood and Wes < a rn members el the executive committee. After returning to New YorV for a conference early next week. Mr Hitchcock will again come to Chit-ago. He will spend several here, and then m:ik« a hurried tOu( of the Far West. POOR PAY HEAVIEST, Protective Tariff Always Favors the Well to Do. REAL NECESSITIES TAXED. Duties Are Much Heavier Upon Ar ticles That People of Small or Mod erate Means Are Compelled to Buy Than Upon Those In Which the Wealthy Alone Are Interested. It is universally conceded that a tax ought not to fall more heavily upon those of small or moderate wealth than it does upon the well to do and wealthy, it is often considered right that a tax should lie graduated so as to bear proportionately more heavily upon those having greater wealth. In imposing an income tax small incomes are usually exempted, and the rate of taxation is often made to increase with the size of the income. It is also generally recognized that a tax upon an article of general use, even if the tax be levied at a uniform percentage, imposes an unjust burden upon those having small or moderate incomes, for the poor man will spend a much larger share of his income for the article taxed than will the million aire. Workitigmeti undoubtedly spend a much larger fraction <>f their income for articles like sugar or salt and therefore pay, in proportion to their wealth or incomes, a much larger share of the tariff duties on these articles than is paid by men of large wealth. Indeed, there is Utile doubt that many a workingman with a large family pays, absolutely as well as in propor tion to Income, more of tlie tax on cer tain necessaries of life than ii paid by the millionaire because lie and his fam ily consume more. The tax on articles of ordinary con sumption would llms be condemned as unjust if the poor paid at the same rate per cent as the rich. But the tariff taxes are outrageously unfair for the furl her reason that almost without exception they impose a heav ier rate of tax upon articles consumed by the poor than upon those used by the wealthy. This could not be so if all rates were ad valorem, a certain percentage of the value of the article taxed, and the same rates were applied to the cheaper articles bought by the poor and ti> the costlier articles bought by the rich. Hut the Piugley tariff contains a multitude of specific duties, so much per pound or per yard, and the effect of these duties is to tax the article of poor or moderate quali ty just as much as the finest and most expensive articles. For example, the man who buys an unllned glove of sheep leather, "glace" finish, Is taxed by the Dlngley tariff at the rate of $3 per dozen, and the man who buys a lined fancy stitched or embroidered glove of the same ma terial pays duty at the rate of $4.40 per dozen. But during the year end ing June 30, 1 HOT, those who purchased the former and cheaper grade were taxed 00.28 per cent of the value of the glove, while those who purchased tile latter and more expensive glove were taxed only 14.10 per cent. The latter glove was worth $31 per dozen, the former $4.53. In ladles' or children's gloves the discrimination was great. Gloves of the material already mentioned over seventeen inches in length, worth only $1.20 per dozen, were taxed $3.15 per dozen, equal to 71.08 per cent of their value, while gloves of a liner quality, worth $10.OS per dozen, were taxed $4.15 per dozen, equal to only 20.78 per cent of their value. Thus it was that the poor man buying gloves of this sort paid on his own gloves a tax nearly five times as heavy and on the gloves of his wife and children a tax nearly four times as heavy as the tax paid by his wealthy neighbor. The man who used iron or steel trousers buckles, worth S cents per hundred, was taxed at the rate of 77.4S per cent of their value, while the man who could afford a better quality, worth $1.28 per hundred, was taxed at the rate of only 20.08 per cent. The man who bought spectacles or eye glasses worth 24.4 cents a dozen paid a tax of 00.81 per cent of their value, but the man buying a quality worth $3.07 per dozen paid only 50 per cent. The purchaser of a certain class of watch movements worth only 85.3 cents apiece was taxed (10.02 per cent. The purchaser of a quality of watch movements worth $30.10 apiece was taxed 31.05 per cent. Agate buttons worth one-tenth of a cent per line en dured a tax of 70.75 per cent. Metal buttons worth 5 cents per line bore a tax of 30.03 per cent. Fur hats and lionnets of all descrip tions averaging in value $2,110 per dozen wore taxed 90.00 per cent; those of a quality worth $25.40 per dozen were taxed 47.40 per cent. Partly manufactured wool and hair worth 33 1-3 cents per pound was taxed 140 per cent; that worth $1.14 per pound was taxed 03.70 per cent. Wool blan kets worth 2H.(; cents per pound paid a duty of 105.42 per cent, blankets worth $1.05 per pound a duly of 71.30 per cent. Plushes and other similar fab rics worth 35. 9 cents per pound sus tained a tax of 141.7S per cent, those worth $1.00 per pound a tax of 95.33 per cent. It will be seen that when rich and poor were laying in a stock of cloth ing Uncle Sam was guilty of dis crimination of much the same charac ter as the discrimination he has so roundly and justly condemned in the railroads between small and large shippers. The Dlnglcy duty is like the secret rebate in more ways than one. ABERDEEN HERALD. THURSDAY. SEPTEMBE? 1. 1908. It strikes down Its victims so Insidi ously and secretly that they do not know what has wounded them. They blame themselves, l'rovldence, luck— anything but the right cause. The voter of moderate means who has been voting for tariff taxes wovld do so nc longer if when he went to buy the winter's clothing for his family lie could know the actual truth that the millionaire and his wife, trading on the other side of the store, pay through the storekeeper to Uncle Sam or to the trusts a tax of only Ot.liU per cent on woolen or worsted cloth worth -SI I per pound, while he pays 134.97 per cent on similar cloth worth 3S.K cents per pound; if he knew that his rich friends pay for their knit fabrics worth .ft.o7 per pound a tax of only per cent, while he pays 141 per cent on Unit fabrics worth ,'!(!.4 cents per pound; if he knew that they pay on their winter flannel underwear worth more than 70 cents per pound a tax of only 86.39 per cent, while he pays 143.(17 per cent on the flannels which he buys worth 1!>.4 cents per pound. If the objection Is made tliiit not every man buys these Imported ar ticles, tne reply is not dltlicult. These articles of widely different qualities wore actually Imported and sold, some of tliem in very large quantities. They bore these highly discriminating duties, and their respective American purchasers were treated most un equally and partially, the consumer of the cheaper articles paying at enor mously greater rates than the consum ers of the finer qualities. In an open market is it conceivable that there was not something like the samtt dis crimination in prices between the con sumers of cheap and the consumers of costly domestic products? In these days much the smaller share of our tariff taxes goes to the government'. The bulk of them goes to the trusts, which sell at prices they are enabled to maintain because of the exclusion of foreign competition. Men of mod crate means, worklngtnen. poor men of all classes, have been told that the tariff exists for their special benefit and protection. It' this claim were true, would the makers of the tariff have so arranged the rates of duty that articles used by the wealthy bear by far the lightest burden of taxation? .lIOSSIO F. OItTON. RECENT INVESTIGATION. Shows That Workmen In Trade England Fare Better Than In Pro tected Germany. Protectionists often compare wages in protectionist America and free trade r.ngland and assert that the higher wages here are due to the tariff. II is obvious that the comparison would lie much more logical and convincing if we compared free trade England with some protectionist European country more nearly resembling Kngland in age. density of population and other conditions. Such a comparison between Kngland and highly protected Germany lias re cently been made In two Knglish gov ernment reports, one dealing with "working class rents, prices and wages" In the industrial towns of Ger many having just been published and a similar report with reference to Kng lish towns having been issued last January. A comparison of the detail ed statistics in these reports shows that the German laborer in all trades but one works more hours than the Knglish laborer and receives less pay per hour, and his entire wages will buy less of the necessaries of life than can be bought in Kngland with the wages of the Knglish workman. Rents are found to be per cent higher in Germany than in Kngland for corresponding accommodations. It Is said that It would cost an Knglish workman, with his habits of life, IS per cent more to live in Germany tlia'i it costs him in Kngland, and it costs a German workman, with bis habits of life. K per cent more to live in Ger many than it would cost him to live in Kngland. Skilled German engineers earn only from SO to S."> per cent of the corre sponding wages In Kngland, and In the building trades German wages are not more than 7." to S.l per cent of Eng lish wages, while in both trades the hours are more than 10 per cent longer. German printers working about the same hours get only SM per cent of the English printers' wages. In the aggregate the comparison is over whelmingly in favor of free trade Kng land. DOES NOT CURB TRUSTS. Sherman Law Declared to Be a Failure In This Direction. The Sherman law, now widely per verted from its original significance, was at the start intended to prevent combinations of domestic manufactur ers behind the tariff wall to put up prices and take the excess profit to themselves, as they were enabled to do by the excessive rates of duty. Hut the law as interpreted by the supreme court has turned out a quite different proposition from what was originally Intended and has In no respect oper ated to restrain the artificial increase of prices through combination. For these reasons a lowering of the present excessive rales 011 all classes of manu factures to some reasonable protective level, if that can be ascertained, is fa vored by the more enlightened.—New York Journal of Commerce. Paper Trust Reduces Wages. Officials of the International Paper company recently announced a wage cut of 10 per cent to go into effect Aug. 1. It was largely on the plea of in creased wages In its mills that the trust stood off the removal of tariff duties on its product Now, when con press has adjourned, it proceeds to lop off the workman's share. I AM A MOTHER MI iaiKßaAwMul How many American women in lonely homes to-day lorifr for this blessing to come into their lives, and to be able to utter these words, but because of some organic derange ment this happiness is denied them. Every woman interested in this subject should know that prepara tion for healthy maternity is accomplished bv the use of LYDIA E.PINKHAEVTS VEGETABLE COMPOUND Mrs. Magsio Gilmer, of West Union, S. ('., writes to Jlrs. Pinkham: "I was greatly run-down in health from a weakness peculiar to my sex, when India K. l'inkham's Vegetable Compoiuid was recommended to me. It not only restored me to perfect health, hut to my delight I am a mother." Mrs. Josephine Hall, of luU'dstown, Ky., writes: " I was a very great sufferer from female troubles, and my physician failed to help me. l.vdia K. I'inkham's Vege tabio Compound not only restored me to perfect health, but I am now a proud mother." FACTS FOR SICK WOMEN. For thirty years Lydia E. rink ham's Vegetable Compound, made from roots and herbs, lias been the standard remedy for female ills, andhas positively cured thousandsor women who have been troubled with displacements, inflammation, ulcera tion, libroid tumors, irregularities, periodic pains, backache, that bear ing-down feeling, flatulency, indiges tion, dizziness or nervous prostration. Why don't you try it ? Mrs. Piiikliitm invites all sick women to write her for advice. Blie lias guided thousands to health. Address, Lynn, Muss. The Daring Pike. The boldness of a pike is very ex traordinary. I liave seen one follow a bait within a foot of the spot where I have been standing, and the head keeper of Richmond park assured me that Ik? was once washing his hand at tiie side of a boat in the great pond in that park when a pike made a dart at it and lie had lint Just time to with draw it. A gentleman now residing in Wey bridge, in Surrey, informed me that, walking one day by the side of the river Wey near that town, lie saw a large pike in a shallow creek. lie im mediately pulled off his coat, tucked up his shirt sleeves and went into the water to Intercept the return of the fish to the river and to endeavor to throw It upon the bank by getting his hands under it. During this attempt the pike, find-1 ing he could not make his escape.) seized one of the arms of the gentle-; man and lacerated it so much that the wound took a month to heal.—J London Pishing Gazette. He Caught O'Connell. I Daniel O'Connell, tlic famous orator, 1 when taking :i ride in the neighbor-' hood of lii.s house hnd occasion to ask \ an urchin to open :i gate for him. The' little fellow complied with much aiac-| rity and looked up with such an lion-! est pleasure at rendering the slight | service that O'Connell said: "When I see you again I'll give you] sixpence." Hiding hriskl.v on, he soon forgot the] incident and fell to thinking of gravel! matters, when, after traveling some! miles, he found his path obstructed by] some fallen timber, which a boy wn«! stoutly endeavoring to remove. o;ij looking more closely he discovered i' < to be the same boy he had met in the 1 1 morning. "What!" cried be. "llow do you] come to be here now?" "You said, sir. the next time you Seen me you'd give me sixpence." said I the little fellow, wiping the perspira ] tion from his brow. The Very Thing The old gentleman poked his nose in I and out of the mysterious corners of the furniture shop. "By the way," he said suddenly, "my I daughter lias just started to er have a young man come calling, and 1 sup j pose 1 really ought to get a pretty sol'a j for them to make love on." ".Most certainly, sir!" responded the! suave shopman. "And here, 1 think, j 1 have the very thing you need, it is i called 'Cupid's Uetreat' and is spe cially suited for courting couples." "Specially suited'/" repeated the old j gentleman. "Well, what is its par \ ticular good point "Why, sir, the particular good point is this—the pretty covering you s.v j before you is guaranteed to wear oil j in just one year." "And what on earth's the use ol that?" asked the old get.i. "Why. sir, because ; leaves dis played it card upon whi !i >re written the words. 'Time to get married!' Neat, Isn't it'.'"—l.ondon Answers. Rave Yoa Can You • jeff Depend Watch It lou can Buy this Watch BY MAIL AT A BIG SAVING We will send you this 18 size, 15-jewcl WALTHAM watch, iri a gold-filled "Crown" case, open face, warranted for 20 years, for ' $9.90 Regular retail price is $15.00. The same watch in a plain- solid r.ickel eilver case, with open face, for $6.25 Regular retail price is $9.00. There ore no strings to this offer: r.o catch phrases, no doubtful descriptions. This is u standard WALTHAM wutch such as your jew. eler sells for 50Va more than our cash price. We (jive with etch watch o written guarantee that if the watch 19 not exactly ns we describe it, you can eend it right back to uu end your money will be refunded without question. Send for Catalogue of Watches of Ali Gradcf-'Mailed Anywhere tree SEATTLE WATCH COMPANY People's Pank Building • • * SEATTLE Reference. People's Savintß Dark. Seatt.e S. W. Johnston fi ransfer Co. Heavy fctrviny Our Specialty We handle COAL From the following mines: Black Diamond Franklin New Castlo South Prairie Get Your Order in Now. OKKK'K .'HIS SIITII (i STISKK.T SUMMONS IN FORECLOSURE OF TAX LIEN. In the Superior Court for the State of Washington, for Chelialis County. I'" 1 . 10. Jones, Plaintiff, vs. W. Snell man and all persons unknown, it any, having or claiming to have an interest in and to the real prop ! erty hereinafter described, Defend | ants. ' The State of Washington to W. I Snellman and till persons unknown, if I any, having or claiming to have an ! interest in and to the real property i hereinafter described: i You and each of you are hereby ! notified that P. K. Jones is the holder of Certificate of Delinquency num ! hered 2,G38, issued on the 30th day jof September A. D., 1905, by the I County of Chelialis, State of Wasli : ington, for the amount of two and I thirty-five-hundredths ($2.35) dol lars, the same being the amount then due anil delinquent for taxes for the years 1903 and 1904, together with penalty, interest and costs thereon, j upon the real property assessed to ; you and of which you are the own j ers or reputed owners, situate in said Chelialis County, State of Washing ton, and particularly bounded and de scribed as follows, to-wit: seii of ! sw>4 of nw% of Section thirty-four :(34), Township eighteen (1S) north jof Range nine (9) west W. M., and i upon which plaintiff has paid taxes [assessed against said property as fol- I lows: j Year's Date Tax Rcp't. Tax Paid Xo. Amt. 11905 May 26, 1900 4,113 .79 Total amount of taxes paid since (date of Certificate of Delinquency .79. I All of said amounts bearing inter ' est iit the rate of fifteen per cent, per 1 annum; and you are further notified 1 that plaintiff will apply to the Su j perior Court of tlie State of Wnshing j ton, in and for said county, for a j judgment foreclosing his lien against the property hereinbefore mentioned; and you are hereby summoned to ap pear within sixty days after the date •of the first publication of this sum mons exclusive of the day of said j first publication, which is August 13, ; I 90S, and defend this action or pay i the amount due, together with costs; j and in case of your failure to do so, | judgment will be rendered foreclosing i the lieu for said Certificate of Delin quency, taxes, penally, interest and costs, against the lands and premises hereinbefore mentioned. Any plead ing or process may be served upon the undersigned at the address hereafter mentioned. W. W. BONER, Plaintiff's Attorney. P. 0. Address, Aberdeen, Wash. Date of last Pub. Sept. 17, 1907. " Take the Trolley " DANCING —at the— PAVILION —on —' WEDNESDAY anil SATURDAY EYEMGS Centlemen 50c Ralston's Orchestra "Take the Trolley" Fine Job Printing at moderata prtcw. Gerald Prlntery. TIME CARD HARBOR S£LLE DAILY TIME CiltD. Steamer Harbor Eollo. In effect March 16, Lv. Montesano for Westrort 7 a. m. I-v. Aberdeen for WestP' t * a. nv Lv. Hoquiatn for W'estport. 9:30 9. ra. Arrive at Westport ... 1 l:0fl a. ra. Lv. Westport foi Mo.Uesa.no ii;! oa. ro. Lv. Aberdeen *or 71oi tesano 2 p. ra. Arrive at Moutes»ic 4 p. ra. FREE FREE City Library and Riwliwr Room CITY HALL, AUKKDLEt Open from 2to 5:30 and 7 p. ra Sundays 2 to 5:30 p. m. Visitors always w . o-'-rse MRS. J. M. WALKi:;.' Lioraran ■MMBBMMBim'J' . lUtl If you want to I Advertise ii; t:. . papers a anywhere at anytime I call on or w : ' E. C. Dake's Advert* : cy jr 124 Sansorne St Fee «A\ hx aw | Fred Kediiiper o Slinviii'. Hair Cutting Pioneer I»aiber Sh.-p 21 Heron Strict Aberdeen State Bank Coif, fleron and 1! Sts. General Commercial Banking Safety Deposit Boxe? for Reit. E. J. BRADLEY, C V. MILLER, President Cashijr Hayes & Hayes Bankers (Iu co» pointed) Aberdeen, : : Wash Transact a jrenernl hanking business. Foreign ami domestic exchanges nought sold. Taxes paid for non-residents. Always ready to discount good local mill papt? OF KICK HOURS—Open at 9 o'clock, clove *1 3 p m. Saturday, rinse at 2p. ri. Opening one hour in the eveuinir. from 7 tt> rt. ABERDEEN Steam Laundry J. M. LUPTON, M^r. Aberdeen Steam Laundry it. equipped with latest improved laundry ■Mohinery made, and does an good wmk as (.an l>e turned out anywhere. PRICES REASONABLE Cor. M «n«J ! 1 m»yip Sta, Have You Houses For Sale? Want to realize mare money on I them ? Paint them wiih i CY;> ry/ „ is I V./Wt/ruit/i vStftt&ffuv Best Prepared i Paint It makes them Se!! Quicker and for Higher Prices. I IVlacliafferty <£ Sons 311 E. Wifchkah St. , Humboldt Saloon FRED HEWETT, Prop. Finest Wines, Liquors aid Cigar* 31 .*> .South I" S'reet, Aberdeen, Wash. Soft Drinks Hard Drinks x 7 LUNCH Bo Best on the market, prepared in the mos approved fashion. cerman:a bar 3 I 2 South G St. Cold Drinks Hot Drinks With all kinds of cheer, We sell Loeweubrau Beer, But only this year. Next year, without any fear. A drtifr store will be here, Instead of the old Pioneer, At 412 East Heron street. f