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The Seattle star. [volume] (Seattle, Wash.) 1899-1947, July 28, 1917, Image 1

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Join the naval militia In Seattle and train at
the new elation on the University of Washington
campm Musicians are especially In demand
Seattle Strikers Plan to Indorse That Action
Only Half Traffic Moves
Thru Chicago First Day
of Walkout
By Imihl rrm I imil Wlf«
CHICAGO. July 28.—Nearly
half of the transcontinental
freight traffic of tha U. S. was
panslyaed today aa a reault of
tha switchmen's strike called
In Chicago at 6 a. m.
Ninety par cent of the
tioee-country traffic clear*
thru thl* city. Shortly before
noon the railroada admitted
they wera moving only about
50 per cent of their normal
fraight traffic. They claimed,
that passenger traffic
practically normal.
All munitions and other govern
rr*nt business wss being given the
right of *»). and the railroada re
ported that (hla class of trsffic
waa "being moved In good shap«."
May Mediate Soon
T'nrle Sam had hla eye on the
situation in the person of O. W
W Hangar, member of the federal
board of mediation and concllla-
Hon. Hangar came ben- Thursday
to Investigate the threatened
telegraphers' strike on the Rock
The switchmen alreadv had
takwa * sVtk* >oi« whea h-e ar
rived. however, ami on the reqtient
of tha railroads' representatives, he
proposed mediation to the switch
The awltehman h»d «ent their
agent* to the various yards and a
ci*etir.K with Hangar »u Impoa
•tble at that time, but Jimfi Mur
dork. *le« president of Iho Broth
erhood of Railway Trainmen- -of
which the majority of the striking
switchmen ar» member*—assured
the government representative that
he would get the committee togeth
er a* soon as possible and put the
Batter of mediation up to them
Thla mar be accomplished today.
Few Embargoes
Only a few of the road* have de
clared embargoes, and these were
f livestock and perishable
la a statement, riving the strik
ers' version of their fight with the
railroads. Murdock said:
' More than 9S per cent of the
switchmen In Chicago yards are
on strike. and those include mem
bers of the Switchmen's t'nlon of
North America and the unorgan
teed men
"There are 3.400 meml»ers In the
Brotherhood of Railway Trainmen
here. There are only 701 switeh
men In the Switchmen's Cnlon of
Vorth America, and not 2.500, as
the railroads contend.
Discriminated Against
"We asked the roads to make
in agreement to employ not less
than 85 per rent brotherhood mem
ber«. This they refused to do. It
has been the practice on many
lines to give brotherhood members
preference, but on some lines the
companies have deliberately given
preference to members of the 8.
TJ. N. A or nonunion men, so that
the percentage of the employes be
longing to the Brotherhood of Riil
way Trainmen might be kept
down below a fair working point.
"There is no desire to Insist on
the closed shop, but It Is contend
ed that If. as an organization, the
Trotherhood of Trainmen Is ex-
DtUed to make good on contracts
with the railroad com
panlet that ther" should be given
a reasonable opportunity to do so
and tbls can be done only by rec
ognlzlng the union, with whom the
contract ia held In the employment
®f men "
Police ( hlef SchueMler said tr>
day that if the situation became
serious he would call out the Chi
cago Home fiuard, composed of
about. 1,000 members, for strike
Bf t l*l'"l l'r»M I «x*"l It irf
TACOMA. July 28 Klrst Mood In
the Tacoma street car strike was
spilled yesterday afternoon on Mr
Klnley hill. A mob of 150 strike
sympathizer* i-toned a car. wound
ing the mclorman, conductor and
two armed guards.
An auto loaded with company offi
cial* and ('. O Nelson, secretary of
the Tatoma Krnployers' association,
drew guns on the crowd In an ef
'« save their car crew from fur
tlief bombardment. No shots, how
•ver. were fired.
• R/e, corn, rice ani other grain*
row goinir Into * ti.sk/ and beer
would feed 71,000,000 people for ion
Street Scene, Berlin, a Futurist Picture
America Must Rush Airplane
Program to Insure Success
in Blinding German Army
WASHINGTON, July 28.—1f America i* to put enough airplane* on the Western
front next sprine to insure supremacy <if the air, and blind the German army hv destroy
M I. /..II ,J L - J # ' •
trig its fliers, we must have full-speed-ahead on every part of our aviation
Now that congress has passed the <*40.000.000 airplane bill, and the
president has signed it. the war and navy departments, with the aid of the
civilian advisory councils, must rapidly perfect their plans, and the manu
facturers who undertake the contracts must accomplish wonders of organi
zation and rapid construction if American aviators are to make a decisive
contribution to the air forces of our allies.
The airplane problem is almost, if not quite, a* hard to solve as the
ship problem. In both cases the absolute necessities of the situation
call for the performance of FIVF. YKAKS' WORK IN ONK.
This can be done; but it requires elimination of all delays on ,the
part of the war and navy departments, and American manufacturers, and
c i:~ .. \ »_ « _ n.
the rapid development of extraordinary efficiency in a field which Americans have hardly
beK Tet°us e s« wiiere we stand today, and what must be done!
The present equipment of the
arrnv and navy a* rr * ,rd " *
machines and merfran practically
l„. difr.-carded except as a nucl. us
for further development
Training Grounds Ready
Last year, the first In which
m „rr. than a pitlance was appro
priated for aviation. the army and
navy bad 147,000,000. Today pra<
,i, ally all this appropriation has
been expended In purchase of train,
inK plane*, construction of "«»
standardized flying fields, and oth
<-r preliminary expenses.
Three of the new flying fields
at Champagne. 111. Dayton. O and
Detroit are now in readiness,
' ,1 a quota of training planes
" ready for them. Instruction Is
already going on at established
training utitloni.
Preliminary aviation schools were
established at six prln. ipai engln
eerlng schools and universities
more than a month ago, to teach
flying recruits all that, could be
learned without experience In alr
' lanes They will soon begin t»
graduate their pupils to the flying
f ""preliminary preparations and
regular expenses have practically
exhausted the funds available
Congress has passed the war
department's t»"' calling for
$640,000,000. Of this sum $3«3,000,-
000 Is for purchase of 22,625 air
planes and 45,250 engines; the I.M
unci- for construction of training
fields, Instruction of several thou
aand aviators, employment of me
chanics and existing expenses.
The great problem Is the con
strurtlon of 22,626 airplanes and
(Continued on p«9«
The Seattle Star
President A. W. Leonard of the traction company issued
the following statement on the strike situation at 1 p. m. Sat.
"To avoid any possible misunderstanding of the company's
position on the question or organization of its employes, I
want to repeat that the company has no objection to its train
men forming a union of their own and organizing and bargain
ing collectively, provided any employe shall not be compelled
to become a member of such union If he does not wish to.
"The company Is willing to deal with its employes collsc
tlvely, thru committees of such employes selected by them
selves, or thru committees of auch union selected by its mem
bers, or thru both.
"The company is not willing to deal with a union of Its
trainmen affiliated with the Amalgamated Association of Street
and Electric Railway Employes of America.
"The company's refusal to deal with the Amalgamated
Association or any union of its men under the influence or
domination of that association Is based upon Its reputation
for bad faith, broken promlies and violated agreements, ex
tending over a period of many years. That association has
repeatedly broken Its agreements, to the detriment of the
public, the companies and the employes of the companies
under Its domination.
"The general managers of this company have for the past
25 years operated street railways In a great many cities In
the United States, and their experience fully Justifies the po
aitlon taken by the company In reference to the amalgamated
Dr. K. |. Brown Loses and Dr. J. Brown Wins
Superior Judge .lurey Friday re- i
fnned to grant an injunction to Dr |
Kdwln J. Brown restraining his
competitor In dentistry, Dr. John;
Brown, from advertising himself
as "the right l>r. Brown" and comb-11
UiH his liair lo make It look like)
I Dr. Edwin J. Brown's.
Dr John Brown, who says he Is
a great grandson of the famous
John Brown of abolition days, In
troduced photographs to show Ills
ancestors for five generations have
I been com bin* their Imlr the way Dr.
I Kdwln J. Brown combs his.
s : The StriKe Situation Today s s
Striking union carmen of Tacoma vote, 173 to 1, to reject settlement proposal submit
ted by traction company after eight-hour conference, which ended Friday night.
<3 Seattle union strikers predict similar overwhelming rejection on ground that it at
tempts to dictate to them what union organizations they can affiliate with outside of
working hours.
I| Governor Lister, thru State Council of Defense, expected to intervene before allow
ing company to operate cars in case strikers reject peace plan.
fl Strikers plan organization of relief committee and indicate they expect a protracted
3: No strikebreakers brought in in the last 24-hours but more are on their way and are
ue to arrive some time Sunday.
IJ Traction company loses first round of court fight with state in Tacoma.
First blood spilled in Tacoma car strike when officials use guns to protect car crew
from bombardment of rocks by mob.
I gli«l rm. I rmmrt «l lr*
TACOMA. July Hy *
Vote of 173 to one. MrikinK
Taenia carmen at 12:30 j>. m
todav turned down the offer uf
the traction company to make
peace if the men would sign
away their right* to join what
ever laUir union »hey pleased
The vote t\a« bfr secret Fal
lot in executive sev-ion. It
followed a long address l»y
lames V Duncan, secretary
of the Seattle ( entral Labor
council and .1 member of the
-trikers' general committee
"The Seattle stnkcrs will
Stick till hell freezes o\er to
enforce their American right
to belong to whatever organi
sations they please outside of
working hour*." Duncan de
dared in closing. Immediate
ly afterward the vote was
There hut one dlaaenttnic
voire, and thl* wa* ralaed hy an old
employe of Use company, »h<> had
been auaperted an a apotter alnre
th" formation of the union. He left
the hall after the vote was counted.
Pr«dlcta Bloodahed
Duncan also declared In his
sperch that the attempt of the com
pan* to dictate the orgnniratlona to
which Ita emplores mav b«>lot?K out
side of working hour*, and Its re
funal to conaent to the immediate
appointment of a third arbitrator,
showed bad faith and would result
In bloodshed when the company at
tempted to run Its cars
The vote was taken on the ques
tion of whether or not to send the
following letter to l*resldeut l/eon
ard, of the traction company:
' Tarotna, Waalt . July 28. '17.
"To the Puget Sound Traction.
Light & Power Co..
"Mr A. W. Leonard. President.
"Stiißrt Hulldlng.
"Seattle. Wash.
"(Jeiitlemen Your proportion
of July 2" to the Joint conference
committee of your Seattle and Ta
roma employes received, and In re
ply thereto, w-f> suggest the follow
"Your proposition No 3, claim
ing the rinlit to dictate the actions
of your employes outside of the
time of their regular employment
makes settlement Impossible.
Won't Waive American Right
"Ah before suggested, the right
of independent action on the part
of your employes, while not in
actual performance of their duties,
is one that cannot be waived hy
us Our right to affiliate with any
organization or union we see fit
outside of the time of our employ
ment Is essential to our Independ
ence as American citizens and em
ployes. Your company ha* as
much right to say with what
church or fraternal organization
your employes shall not afflllnte, as
to say what labor organization
they shall not loin.
"You have again In paragraph
3 resorted to a subterfuge re
ferred to by us in our communica
tion of recent date with reference
to arbitration. You well know
that an attempt I" arbitrate under
the charter provision would prove
abortive. The selection of a third
arbitrator is Improbable under
such plan.
Willing to Arbitrate Fairly
"You again asaert that we are
ready and willing to arbitrate the
differences between the company
nnd its employes in Seattle and
Tacoma by selecting Immediately
any fair-minded person not asso
ciated with either side of the 000
ul ' t ' v - c - 1 IV HI vitiw
The Portland Oreg'onian
Discusses Pres. Leonard
THK utatd and conaervatlve
Portland Oregonlan Ihp
other day printed an ed
itorial on lb* Seattle atreet rax
•trlke, appealing to President
l-ieowrd a*4 t*>» u»
meet ti.Hr rarmen in confer
rnre and aettle the ulrlke, for
ma ton a of patriotiam.
Prefldent keonanl didn't like
the tone of the editorial, lie
appealed to the Oreßonlan to
puhllah another editorial, and
rlted pertain fact* whlrh he con
altered ahnuld comiwl the Ore
K iiilan to take a different view
of the ultuatlon
The Oregonlan then had thla
to aay, In yeaterday'a Inane:
Th# Ortfwlsw rrap«n<l» herowlth
(• an a !»{»*• I frtmt Iho hipl H*nn«l
Tre«llon. I I*hi M rower ( nmptn;
to h«*f •noth»r srlirlr *n Ihf V
•ftl* %trlke •Itaatian. In light of ear
tain furl* prr«fnlft| h) I'rHldrnl
I #«ninl
tl I* qitlf unahle In modify any
thing |( may pr»«ln«ia|]r ha«o Mid
on Ih# duly of (he company to mwl
fho man In a spirit of ranrlllatlan
•i«l to thrlr offer of arhltra
II may ho. and donhtlea* It It,
quit* trao that fho rompan* had
prealonaly agreed to •nhmll fho to
•bm la an Impartial tribunal.
It may ho. and doabtleao it la,
nolle line that the men had ro>erl
ed theao pea re making tender*, or.
having arrepted them, had lator
re f need to ahtdo hy them
llul it I* aim true that the <om
pony, after day* af tarntoll. riot
and hl«»ml«hed. and aftor rom plot e
parahala af tho olreol rar eon Ira
la Healtle and Taroma. had rejertod
outright a proposal hy the rar men
lo arMtorie an offer that. In tho
Orffanlan, appeared appropriate and
reasonable Tho ronrern of Tho
Oregonian and tho pabllr lo wltli
tho prooont situation. not the rausea
or pro«arationa leading np to It.
The rar men had Mlpntatad that
rertaln mon l»o rolnMated. In« lading
"»e»rn mrn who were diorliarged by
your company In Iho rlty of Ta
"If the names of prominent cltl
rens heretofore submitted by us to
your company are not satisfactory
we will submit others, or consider
the name* of persona submitted
by you 111 order to obtain a
fair third arbitrator.
"Your communication challenges
the right, now universally conced
ed. for men to organize as they
choose and bargain collectively for
their mutual protection. This
right is recognized by the govern
ment. by all the large railroads,
and the best Industrial Institutions
thruout the country, and denied
only by a few outlaw corporations
which deny to their employes, the
same rights which they claim for
"For the foregoing reasons. set
tlement on the hauls suggested by
you 1» respectfully declined.
"Respect fully submitted.
"Conference Committee, Represent
ing nil Organized Employe* of
the Puget Sound Traction, Light
* Power Co. and All Subsidiary
"Concurred in bv employes of
Tacoma in iii;ish meeting ,'tily "ti,
1917. by a secret vote of 173 to 1."
Ilf I'nllml I'rM* I rnaet) Wlrr
I TACOMA, July 28.—The first
round of the legal light In which the
public oerrlco commission is seeking
I to compel the Tacoma Hallway &
[Power Co. and striking trainmen to
last edition
B< r *et car track* art apt to fl«t
\ ru»t y! Weather Man Sallabury
kjt —s taya: "Showera tonight, and Sun
day fair."
Mr I aetata that throe
M«M mon. wh# opprar t« fMMtllit*
the final HMmkllSf M#ft U all
rffart t« pi together, bflwg U an
other rMipM).
H> titok Mr. lit—< alflit
kN« a Utttr in«r» rwttHHf ifcut thr
of Ihr* >#fM mw.
II h oar Hit«trr«landln| that »h#
traction rompcnlM *f thr Iwa rltiea
are hath umler tho aarno i»n»r»l
iminapmrnt—Mane ft W flwltr—
•ml thrir rftMlaUmfnt *«uM imni
!• prNrni no (llfflrtlHw
to iTHldrnl I Mfiard ar hi* rmploy -
Thr Ira oatatanding featurea nf a
gratr aituatlon nhuh now prraoat
f hrniMltr« aro thai Ihr company
and Ihr men arr al latl In coafrr
rnre. thru Ihr mutation of thr
f nuncll of Potrioltr V>f(fnM, nn<l
thai Ihr company li Importing traln
laada of atrtkehrrahora.
Thr proJr«-t of Introdaring for
rlgti arrcrnarlw. rreralted In flaal
rrn cIIlr«. to hreali down by fareo a
Hratllf atrlkr. la. in thr rlrraia
atanrta, hail N«lnm.
It ran aaly further inflamr an
alrra<ly drmoraliaed attuation ami
Imreaae Ihr probability of thr grn
rral lahor aphratal thrratrnrd In
Seattle and elaewherr.
Theoe are not ordinary I Intra: the y
a'f etlraordlnary llmra Method*
whlrli might ho eiraaahle. or rrrn
Justifiable. In a lahor rrlala In a
period of national peace noa berome
thr serviceable and potrnt weapon#
of the common enemy.
It la the duty of both capital and
labor In America to r-ompoae thrlr
differenoea. that thr anltrd rrooarrra
of thr country inay be tnmrd againat
The national emrrgoney demanda
comraalona from capital ahlrh In
othrr daya It ranld not In falrnraa
l»e naked to make; and It ralla for
aaeriflrea from lahor which inaat ho
offered if Hie republic la to
Ilefore the great peril thr ordinary
dlaputra between employer and em*
ployr aeem Inronaeqaentlal. Thry
may well be ,pnat potted until aftrr
thr war.
Or. If not drfrrahlr, thry ahonld
be, thry muat be. arranged on aome
liaaia which ahall permit the great
national baainraa of war to go for
ward without loaa of tlmr or impair
ment of endow* or.
give street car service to the city
waa lost by the street car company
this morning.
Judge Mitchell, of the Thurston
county superior court, who was call
cd In to try the case, decided that
the point raised by F. D Oakley,
trnction attorney, that the public
service commission could not take
the matter into court without hav
ing it heard before the commission,
was not well taken.
Yip! Yip! Gangway!
Letter for Benny!
A letter for Balmy Benny, May
be it telle where Moses was when
the light went out. Read the let
ters sent by *ome Star readera an
swering the question on which
Balmy Ben, the famous solver of
conundrums, fell down. You'll find
them on page 5. Then turn to
page 6 and see Balmy Benny face
to face. Each night he does plain
and fancy work aero** the »port
Striking Seattle carmen pre
dicted an overwhelming rejec
tion of the latest traction com
pany offer of settlement, aa
they assembled in maaa
meeting at Stevena' hall at 2
p. m. today.
They aaid the agreement
would be rejected beeanaa.it
refuses to recognize the Amal
gamated Association of Street
and Electric Railway Em
ployes or their unions which
are affiliated with it, and be
cause it proposes to arbitrate
f the reinstatement of the seven
men discharged in Tacoma for
joining the union.
The company presented the
agreement to the committee of
four Seattle and three Tacoma
striker*, at the end of an eight
hour conference Friday night. It
wan offered by the company after
a proposal for settlement made by
the Taconia branch of the com
pany and signed by seven em
ployes there FYiday morning had
been rejected and charges made Of
bad faith because of its publica
tion by Manager Bean in Tacoma.
i Wallace Predicts Rejection
Mow the vote will i>e taken this
afternoon will be decided by the
men at the meeting. said President
S J. Wallace, of the Seattle union.
"If the men want to vote by a
jsecret ballot." he said, "that is the
method which will be used, and
there is no doubt but what a se
cret ballot will show the same
unanimous rejecUon of the agree
ment that a viva voce vote would
In addition to voting on the
agreement, the strikers this after
; noon planned to appoint a relief
committee, thus indicating they ex
pect their fight to enforce their
| right to organize will bo protracted.
Lister May Force Peace
The general strike committee.
I headed by Secretary James A. Dun
<an. of the Central Council,
; advised the rejection of the com
pany's plan because in It the com
-1 pany tries to dictate to their strik
ing employes what labor organiza
i tions they shall join and affiliate
1 with outside of working hours.
! No strikebreakers arrived In Seat
i lie today, but union leaders expect
I the arrival of a contingent from St.
(Continued on page 8)
Coast Artillery
Mobilization Is
Seen in Star Film
The Star-Liberty motion pic
ture weekly, which form* a
part of the new bill at the Lib
erty theatre, beginning Sunday
and running until Wednesday
night, will ahow many Inter
eating acenea of the mobiliza
tion of the local companlea of
the Coast artillery.
The troops shown in theae
picture* are all Seattle boy*.
They are Been in varioua
marching formations. Scane*
during the presentation to the
battalion Friday evening of
the service flag, which will b*
carried to France, Include pic
tures of Dr. Matthews, making
the preaentation address.
One of the other picturea in
the weekly, shows suspected
slacker* taken from amongst
the atreet car company'* Im
ported strikebreakera. being
marched from the Jail to the
city-county building.

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