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fte.d the w.,Kly r.vl.w of op.nion .1 hem. .nd
abroad Th« Star g.vra you. In a nutahall, tha giat
of what the world la thinking about Watch for It.
VICTORY FOR CARMEN IS NEAR
Pay the Enlisted Man $3 a Day
M ANV of our sons, our
brothers, our sweethearts,
our friends—members of the
Seattle units of Uncle Sam's
army—arc in training camps,
getting ready to go to France.
Others, now mobilized at their
armories, are soon to leave to
begin the intensive work which
is to prepare them for the
And. in a few more days, the
greatest army of all—the army
of select service—is to answer
the nation's call.
We sec the boy \sho lives
next door come home in his
khaki for the last time to kiss
mother goodbye. We see her
.smile bravely, thru her tears,
as he goes. We feel the tingle
of his firm handclasp as we
wish him Godspeed. A red
blooded American boy, full of
hope, patriotic to the core,
going out to lay down his life,
if need be, for humanity and
U hat awaits him out there?
Isn't it about tit*:? that we
in Seattle begin to ask a few
questions about how our coun
try is going to treat these boys
The status of the enlisted
man, under the present scheme
of things, is considered by
* many American officers as
considerably lower than the
t Our army today is the most
caste-ridden, least democratic,
most conventionalized army
outside the German empire.
The standing of the enlisted
man is nil, absolutely.
The uniform of the private—
and he has to wear it on and off
duty—is a warning sign that
automatically raises a barrier
whenever he attempts to seek
the pleasures, the resorts, the
companionships, he enjoyed as
A private in our democratic
army has no social s tan dins;
his officers off duty are in an-
ALLIES SWEEP FORWARD IN SUDDEN DRIVE
HEAT DEALS DEATH
Middle West Suffers From Torrid Wave
Bf I nltH Prw«« l<ee»ei| Wirt
CHICAGO. July 31—Four dead
and . r ,O overcome was Chicago * toll
from the heat wave for the l»"t 24
hours, while the mercury continued
to mount. At 10 a m. today I' was
90, one degree higher than at the
< orrespondlng hour yesterday, when
a temperature of !tH, the highest tbls
season, was recorded.
A temperature of &5t or 100 Is ex
pected late today. Possible relief
may come tomorrow, when local
thunder showers and a lowering In
temperature are due for the north
portion of the state
|f f | r*<'»d | W Iff
PITT Ml HC;, I'a July 31 \
Fresh breeze* gave some relief to
sweltering Pittsburg today, as five
deaths charged to the humid weath
er yesterday were officially re
corded. A high mary of 9 2
vu forecast for today. i
other xcorld; a world he cannot
This all camc during the
years when our army was rc
cruited from "the lower strata,''
when the priv ate received $13 a
month; when the officer was a
distinct class, a West Point
man, with all the snobbish tra
ditions of the British service
But tomorrow there arc go
ing to be a million men in the
army, l ens of thousands of
them will be as well equipped
mentally and have as good ed
ucations as any officer of the
line or staff, and the caste sys
tem will not go with these men.
The American army must be made
The American soldier must De raised
to the point where his uniform com
fO6 IN NEBRASKA
llj I nl(f<i Pre«« Mir*
LINCOLN. Neb., July Sl.—With
the temperature reaching lOfi in the
official kiosk yesterday, cooler
weather promised arrived today,
with an abatement of the hot wind
which had been blowing for the
precedinic three days.
Corn In Nebraska Is not eerlous
ly damaged experts declare, and If
rain comes this week very little
damage will have resulted. Ne
(Continued on page 10)
NOTICE TO STAR 3UB
On and aft»*r August Ist,
1917, the price of The Htnr. de
livered by carrier within the
city limits of Seattle, will be
30c per month.
The Seattle Slaf
GREATEST DAILY CIRCULATION OF ANY NEWSPAPER IN PACIFIC NORTHWEST
"Good Bye, Mother!"
LATEST CURVES IN FISH TALES
RENO, Nev., July 31.—There are «o many curve* In the
Humboldt river of Nevada that Southern Pacific railroad of
fictala claim the fish become dazed and fall eaay prey to nets
of the Indiana.
The river, while only eight miles long, is so crooked that
the railway has been obliged to spend $664,000 for the 28
bridges which cross it.
At 33 different points the river flows within 150 fset of
Itself, the current moving In oppoelte direction* at these point*.
SEATTLE. WASH.. TUESDAY, JULY 31. 1917
minds respect instead of contempt.
The caste system, the social snob
bery, all the old autocratic ideas must
go. and go without impairing at all the
efficiency, discipline or "pep" of the
rank and file.
On duty, in the trench, on the field,
in garrison. on thr transport. anywhere
in the line of duty, there must be im
plicit obedience, discipline, the autoc
racy of rank We can't hold a repi
ment referendum t«» determine
whether cir not a charpe is to be made,
nor can we have a company caucus on
the desirability of obeying the captain
Officers have the job of leading. direct
ing, commanding, and unquestioning
obedience alone can make an army out
of the formless mob that will soon be
thronging the cantonments.
Hut all these bright young chaps
of position, who have been financed
thru thr officers' training camps, are
not going to continue the social caste
system of yore, for that way lies revo
How then raise the private?
PAY HIM THRKK DOLLARS A
Our social lines in this country are
entirely determined by what a man's
The $IJ a month soldier was mn
sidcred hy many officers a cross be
tween ;» tramp and a valet, lnit a $'<)-
a month soldier is something quite dif
The profession of war today calls
for the highest typ< of craftsmanship.
Soldier* arc skilled men today, and
their work, in justice, should he recom
pensed as any other similar job is.
Give the private $.? a day the year
thru, and when he Roes to town on
leave, he is a man; he has a standing.
Could we afford it?
We would save money by
The $5-a-day soldier needs
He can carry his own life
His fatnilf at home does not
become a puhhc charge.
When he leaves the service
he has enough money to estab
lish himself in business.
Do not pay the men all their
wage each month. Keep half
their pay until the end of their
enlistment, or until they are
disabled or killed. Put this
money out at interest, com
pound the interest, keep this as
a trust fund for the soldiers, or
their heirs, or their depend
ents. At one hound you solve
all these problems of pension
scandals, of insurance, of disa
bility benefits, of dependent
You end the caste system
You make this army a real
democratic army and you at
tract to the colors the type of
men you need.
It is not just to draft a skilled
mechanic and forcc him to the
front for a dollar a day wage,
hut if you give him $3 a day,
and all the rest that he now gets,
you give him better than the
average job at home.
This plan appears the
only one that will solve the
fundamental problems we
must face in this new army
of ours, and the sooner it
is adopted the better the
outlook will be for the will
ing, eager, efficient service
of these drafted millions.
British and French Again Strike on West
Front, Capturing Objectives and Men.
W *11 .SI I I \TIII\
Treniendon* artillery preparation* of
the la»t neelt gate wax today to the
midden offensive of Itrltifth and I-renrlt
troop* In I'landem. The men went o*er
the top at *:JIO a. m., and fierce fighting
I* At 111 In profrea*.
Itu»»ian troopa, «nder Korolloff, too.
are reported to hare again taken the
Initiative, and are opposing the Aoetro
Only mloor fighting I* reported from
the Italian frantn.
No report* are Itrlnf reratved from
tli# Macedonian or Far l antrrn theatre*.
BY ED L. KEENE
\ rilled I'rtM Htaff Correspondent
LONDON, July 31.—
England and France sig
nalled the beginning of
the fourth year of the war
today with a joint of
fensive on two fronts that
swept forward in full suc
cess to first objectives.
In Flanders, beyond
one cent r^v:v',T:r
Messi nes - Wytschaete
ridge, the British, assisted
by French troops on their
left, brought to a climax
the vast artillery prepara
tion of the past week by
a concerted mass attack.
On the Chemin Des
Dames occurred a sudden
offensive in the Chvregny
sector. which smashed
ahead to German positions
on a front of more than a
Field Marshal Haig's first sen
tence of the daily report today
"Fighting has started in Flan
His men struck "over a wide
front" north of the river Lye.
"The allies captured their
(Continued on page 10)
Victory for striking carmen in Seattle and Tacoma
seemed assured at 2 p. in. Tuesday, when a conference
between President A. W. Leonard of the traction com
pany and the general strike committee ended in the
drafting of a plan of settlement, which if signed by
Leonard, will be submitted to a vote of striking carmen
here and in Tacoma tonight.
The agreement to end the strike has been drawn,
signed by the strike committee and submitted for in
spection to the company.
The strike moved swiftly to a climax when Charles
A. Reynolds, former president of the state public service
commission and voluntary attorney for the strikers, suc
ceeded in getting President A. \V. Leonard to meet the
general strike committee in his offices in the Hoge build
ing in the forenoon before the time set for a meeting at
the New Washington hotel, between Dr. Suzzallo, chair
man of the State Council of Defense; James A. Duncan,
secretary of the Labor council; and H. G. Bradlee of
Boston, Stone & Webster's personal representative.
Cars can't run before Wednesday morning, when
it now seems probable they will be taken out by their
old crews, which put them up two weeks ago today.
All other matters in dispute
were settled or a means of arbi
trating them decided upon.
The settlement Includes the Ta
coma situation aa well as the local
Dr. Huzzallo it to be the third ar
bltrator. and all union men are to
return to wwrk wlOTmut pmjuflV*
or loss of seniority.
The agreement was signed by
President I/eonard. on behalf of the
company, snd James A Duncan, J.
Morgenthaler, and A. A. Whltely,
members of the general committee,
representing all organized em
ployes of the Puget Round Trac
tlon, Ught * Power Co.
The plan of settlement Included
the following points:
All etrlkere to return to work
without prejudice or toss of
Questions of wages, hojrs
and working conditions to be
arbitrated by board of three
James A. Duncan, secretary
of the Seattle Central Labor
council, to represent strikers.
C. L. Franklin, of Portland,
to represent the company.
Or. Suzzallo, chairman of the
state council of defense, to be
the third arbitrator.
Question of whether the trac
tion company la to grant a
closed shop, still unsettled.
This means a complete vic
tory for the strikers, as they
offered to submit every point at
issue, except their right to or
ganize. to such arbitration be
fore they went on strike, two
Reynold Reports Progress
"We are in conference with
President Leonard, have made
progress and expect to reach a
complete agreement on a plan of
settling the oar strike before we
adjourn." said Reynolds at noon.
Reynolds Is attorney for the
striking carmen. As former chair
man of the stale public service
commission. Reynolds lias had
large experience in public service
corporation negotiations and for
Hint reason his volunteered serv
ices were gladly accepted by the
striking carmen when the walkout
occurred two weeks ago today.
It was Reynolds who first an
nounced that negotiations for a
meeting between company officials
and authorized representatives of
the strikers had been arranged. He
made it late Monday in Judge
Dykeman's court in urging that the
city s receivership case be delayed,
pending the Kradlee-Duncan-Suz
zallo meeting, need for which now
seems to have passed.
That Leonard finally went to
Reynold*' office to meet the strik
ers' committee is the very strong
est sort of reason for believing
that the strike Is as Rood as over,
union men say.
Dr. Suzzallo was optimistic early
Tuesday, anil said that ho had
(Continued on page 10)
Woman May Yet See
HOLLAND, Mich , July 31.—The
little town of North Holland is stir
red by the news that Hendrlck
Vlnkemulder may still he nllve.
Vlnkeniulder mysteriously dropped
out of sight about .12 years ago, leav
ing his wife and children to care for
themselves. After waiting more
than 20 years, Mrs. Vlnkemulder
married Rclnert Itullema. and they
liavo lived on a farm at Crisp.
Marry Vlnkemulder ha* just re
ceived a postal card troiu Perolt,
written by the supposedly dead man.
17,000 HAUL AT
By I nli#d Pr«M Wlr*
SPOKANE, July 31.—The Med
ical I,ake bank was robbed of
$7,000 shortly after noon today, and
the robbers escaped. A. posse of
deputy sheriffs left here Immedi
ately for Medical Lake by automo
bile and are on the trail of tbo
robbers. No details of the holdup
were received here.
TO WRECK TRAIN
BY RALPH H. TURNER
United Pr*** Kt*tf Correspondent
TOKIO, July 31.—An attempt
to wreck or burn the train on
which Elihu Root, head of the
American miaalon to Rueeia,
was riding, was made by an
archists at Viatka station, in
(Continued on Page 2)
Balmy Benny Still
Puzzied About Old
Moses and the Light
l>id you ever ask friends how to
cure h cold" Remember how each
one offered a different remedy?
And you were puzzled then more
than ever? Then you can sympa
thize with Balmy Penny, of cartoott
fame. He didn't know where Mosee
wns when the light went out. He
asked Star reader®. You can read
some of their answers on page 5
and In (he "Squirrel Food" cartoon
on page 8. And Benny is more per
plexed than ever now.
to do business with the
merchant who advertises.
You will find him pro
gressive and up-to-date/
his stocks are th
freshest his select ior.
He wants your trade Iw
enough to ask for it. H
will take special care t»
give you such good ser
vice that vou will become
a permanent customer.
The best offerings of Se
attle's best stores appear
regularly in The Star.
It" you are not already a
regular reader of the ads,
there'll never be a better
time to start ilian now.
THE FASTEBT GROWING PAPER
IN THE NORTHWEST
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