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F. L. L.
Thc-.e loltrrt aland for "Fourth I Jh. rO loan" \Mict»c»rr »ml wherever you m "K. 1.. I." lc» vnuraclf he reminded I hut >nu aliould In (Ml In the bond* to >«ur limit. H!l LEASED WIRE REPORT OF THE UNITED PRESS ASSOCIATIONS , COMPLETE SERVICE OF IME NEWSPAPER ENTERPRISE ASSOCIATION NOLI'MI: 20. NO. tS(» EVACUATION BEGINS! Star Liberty Bell Ringer No. 10 A young redheaded Iri»h private *u emerging from * front Un« dugout with the other membera of hla aquad Aa the lAai man turn* Into tha open, a German-thrown grenade fell only a few feet away. Without a wN-orul * hevitation the young private lump*) forward. put hl» foot on the grenade and aaved the remainder <>f the aquad. altho one of hla leita •>< blown off and he auffered other Injuries which reaulted la hla denth two day* later tork at the field hoaplbt!. when he waa axke.l how It happened. he anawered almply, "They got me with A grenade " lie made no mention of having aaved aev*n llvea at the loaa of hla own lie rlnlmed no credit. With him It wan merely a matter of reaulta of hating accompUahed what he art out to acconipltah, regvrdleaa of anything rise Thl» young American privntr'a eiantpla ahould •tand aa an emblem of th« war—which la not a matter of who may get any credit out of It. but purely a mat tee of results. Beating Germany la all that count#—From The Stars and Strlpea. 1-Ymnec Sept. «. Boy I.lberty Honda. They count! iStar Sidelights on Various i Angles of War News Today The Hindenburg Line In April of Uat yaar. the German forcea In the we*t thalr poal Hon rendered unwlaldy and precarloua by tha awkward dent knock ad Into ihetr Una In tha battle of tha Sommes In tha latter half of the preceding yaar. retired to a prepared position wall to tha raar. That poaition waa the ao-railed Hindenburg llna. Never had an army'* defanaa «rat am been ao amply praea agant ad. Tha Idea developed. grew and apraad- aad 'iarmaay aakad nothing better—that tha Hindenburg Una waa a button ao form- IdaMa that It could not be broached. that tha war. however It waa to aad. would hava to and on that lioa. Tat by tha and of laat year tha Brltlah had already foread tha enemy to abandon tha northern and of that Una and fall lawk an tha Droeoort-Queant awltch. and tha French, by thalr conqueot of tha Chaanin da* tlamaa. had reduced tha aecurity at the whole aowtharn end of the poaition. Tha Hindenburg Una. once mora In tha war nawa. la tha ama Uae aa before, bat with It# preotiga badly damaged Already It lui been breached, and tha vietorloiaa British arm* aia atfll going triumphantly forward. tta very name la for It a thing of in omen I-aat yaar FTlnden burg's waa a name to conjure with; today he haa apparently fallen *o Mlnlfdy and completely from grace In the high placea of Oar many that tha world falla to grow unusually excited over the par ■latent rumor* of hi* death. Hindenburg \nd hla line are no longer tha redoubtable thlnga we \iael to think they were—and even then they were not *o re doubtable aa all that From Star* and Htrtpe*. Sept. «, France. Lille, a Great Industrial Center LiUe (pronounced I>eel). from which civilian* have been ordered Oct by the Uermana In preparation* for evacuation. I* *ll u* ted In a fertile plain on the r>aula and communicated by canal and railway* with the aaa and all large commercial placea of Northern France »nd Belgium. It* fortification* were erected In tha ltth century The Hty la well built, with broad and regular *treet* and numerou* aquare* It haa a unlveralty. an academy of deaign with a celebrat ad collection of drawing*, a botanical garden and many aclentlflc and educational Inatltutiona Ita principal Importance, however. It de rtvee from manufacture*. Much flax la grown In the vicinity, and the linen manufacture* of I.llle were very extenalve Not lea* Im portant la Ita cotton-apinntng Industry The tobacco factory of the government waa aleo located here, and gun powder, beetroot augar. seed oil and glovea were among the other manufacturing enterprlaea Ulle waa founded In the ninth century belonged alternately to France or the count* of Flandera; nune Into the po«ee*«lon of the Houae of Burgundy at the end of tha ltth century; pa**ed from Bur gundy to Suatria and Spain, but waa conquered tn I**7 by I#>ula XIV., since which time It ha* been a French city. Ita population waa, prior to the war. approximately 210.000. War Now Costing $10,000,000 an Hour! Four y«»r* of war have co*t the world $1*0.000.000.000 By New Year'* day. 1»1». It will have rl*en from $1*0.000.000.000 to approximately $217,000,000,000. Thene figure* Just loaued by the Society of Swlaa hank The hank statistician admit* he had to limit hlmaelf to approximation*, partly because accurate report* were not obtainable from Belgium. Serbia, Rumania, Montenegro, Bulgaria and Turkey Hut he point* out that this Is not vital, since most of the war expense* of the*e countries were underwritten by their alllea The figure* *how the co*t of war to be advancing by leaps and bound- The l.t«l days of the first four years of war. ending .luly 21. I*l* coat all belligerents an average of $122,000,000 a day I»ur Ing 191* the daily average haa l>een $244,000,000. That mean* the war Is costing more than $10,000,000 an hour and going up every minute' Four fifth* of the total expense of the war, say* the Swiss re port, have been financed by treasury operation* and loan* Huch loan* aggregate $125,000.000 000. or Juat three fourth* of what the war ha# coat all belligerent nationa. 4-MILE ADVANCE MADE IN WOODS BY rVCI) N. I KRM «1N n'nlt<-d I*re»H Cot respondent) WITH THE AMERICANS WEST OK VERDUN. Ort. J. -The Amerl ran* hn e atlvan'"'*! torn Beven to eight kllomelrr* (fotir to four and a half milexi thru Hie t incl'-'l ArmJnne for-»t ulricr* th»* wt.lrr of th'"ir tiffen ■lv<- Thl* forward movement ha* been acrornpllwhed by amotherlng machine gun nests. bridging Kreat mo**e* of barbed wire entanglement* and dra* firiK up artillery and wagon* by hand. American aviator* are continuing their remarkable work. ob*ervlng *nd regulating artillery fire, fighting off German plane* and "atraflng" In lan try and tran*port*. In the latter •0m e of the pla new fly a* low hm SO yard* above the tree*. In the region of Kre*ne*. ea*t of Verdun, on the Metz front, a Franco German raid resulted In the taking •f Austrian pri*oner* Uept. Ward, of California, and Lieut Al*af. of Newark, N J., had n thrilling e*i#erlen»e yesterday, their ■lOtor iroing dead Juat a* they drop W a load uf bombs on Grand Pre. IF IT HELPS WIN THE WAR. THE STAR IS FOR IT | A .boche piano attacked they could not fight hark, and w»re com jirllod to glide down, landing In a field whlrli they llxuiglit mire WM 1 Oeniian held territory. Hut the alicht of norne dnughhoft reaxaured 'hem ITALY STARTS ALBANIA DRIVE WAHHINOTON. Oct 3 The ft alum army In Albania ha* launched an offenalve atcalnut the Austrian* there, 'hWp* to the Ital ian fmbaiwy stated today. The purpoft* la to domoraltie and de*troy the Austrian arriile* In Al bania, with a*vlew to facilitating the e*pected aurrender of Turkey, the cable explained. On. Serrero, operating three col umn*. I* advancing with the object of effecting a Junction with the loft wlnic under Oen. Km perl. The Auatrlana are realating vigor ously, aiming to hoi*! the allien In check at all coat* until reinforce rnenU arrive. The Seattle Star THE GREATEST DAILY CIRCULATION OF ANY PAPER IN THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST 118 LOST IN SINKING OF U.S.TAMPA Vessel Is Sunk Off English Coast, in Bristol Channel, on Sept. 26 NAVY GIVES OUT REPORT tv VnitrH Prett I*Wire*) Direct to The Star j B WAMHINIJTON, OrL J ('. H. H. Tamps, a former roaat guard ruUrr. oaa aunk In far elgn mum, the navy dfpvt mml anminml today. All aboard wurr rtpwM leal. Tha number I* |hm a* ll*. T!m> Tampa »u sunk off the Kng llah '-oaat. in the llrUtol channel. Sep tember !l Report# rcv»lv«l h,r» Indicate that tha Tampa «aa torpedoed at night, while rnofnl in eacortlng a convoy Ten officer* and 10} enllated men. be ■ldra one Mrltlnh army officer and flva civilian employe* on board. *fr» reported loat. AN ATI-ANTIC PORT. Oct. ! Reports of a I German U-boat In ciprr atlon 600 mile* off tha Atlantic co*#t w brought bar* today by two mer rhant veaeela Both rrmla reported they received HOS. call* which told j of ahelllng* by a I' boat, but nalthar waa abla to catch tha poaition or I name of tha raaaal under attack. r. u L. FRENCH MOVING AROUND LA FERE PARIS. Oct I—o 1* a. m> -On Debeny. attacking on the IS mile front between St. Quintan and 1# Fere, la neartng Berthenicourt ton the Otee. five ml lea MKlmat of St Quentlnl. and la rt|Mly outflanking l<a Fnre The latter town la the northern out poat of the great HI Oobaln tntealf Between the Veale. the Alane and the Alane Marne cm rial. Oen Her Iheiot haa cleaned out all the (ter man* except In a am >ll area aouth of Berry Au-Ilac ion the north bank of the Alane. 11 mile* northwest of Kheimal. where the French advanced element# are progressing ilen. Berthelot'a troop* have com pleted the conquest of St Thierry maaaif, northwest of Ithelm* They hold Poulfllon and the fort of St. Thierry PARIS. Oct. 2 French forcee continue to advance In the Cham pagne and Vrale region*, the war office announced today. Challerange la mile and a half eaat of Montpolsl was captured veaterday evening North of Bhelma, the French took L<oivre. The French attack waa reeumed at day brnak this morning. F. L. K-- 123,000 TAKEN IN SEPTEMBER PARIS. Oct. 2—The allle* took 123.02* German prisoners In France and Belgium during September. It was officially announced today. The captives included 120.112 men and 2.*44 offloers. During th«» name period the allien raptured 1.600 cannon and mnr#» than 10,000 machine run*. From July 10 to September *O, th#» allien took pr la oner 24*.494 men and 6.818 officer*, and captured 11.669 cannon and 24.000 machine run* "Victory Definitely Fixed"— Clemenceau fAKIM. Oct. I.—The virtOVkw of the la*t few week* have definitely fixed thn outcome of the war," Pre mier Clemenceau declared. In a letter to the lyoulre council \\ II so\ TO IKB LBWfif WAHHINOTON,' Oct. 3, ~ Ken lyewj* will confer' with Prepfrdent Wllxon at the White'Mouta at 6:15 p m What Have You for Sale? What Do You Want to Buy? You are reaann ahly mir« to get what you want If you will tell your need* to the larg e*t audlenne In the Northwest. Phone Your Want Ad to The Star. Call Main 600. Katarad Aa Maraud Claea Mtlllt Mar I. lilt. *t lha I'otlomn at Kea'lia. Wa .t. , unrtar tha Art of l iinftw March I, 11)1 TW heavy black lilne ilmri Um> battle Una aa II Hirt am Mr 11. utai the iBM (arm >m> their big pmh, drlvtng Um» «we*ny bark. day ky day. until Ut« kig r<n»l ant of Belgium and Krum Is today aader way. TOO MANY WEALTHY WAR LOAN SLACKERS TOIJCDO, 0., Oct. 3.—The lib ert) loan committee today an nounced thai Toledo la the flrat city of the metropolitan clan* to narh lie quota. KaUlng of the quote of In five daya wm reported to the treaaury de partment today. I>er taring that the a mall in vealor wa» doing hla part, but that the bualneaa man and the wealthy rltlxen wae falling to re apond aa he ought to the Konrth l.lherty l/oan campaign. King County Chairman Will* today la aued a statement concerning the failure of the large firm* In the city to "come thru." "The wealthy cltlarna and the large (•ualneaa firms of Seattle are not sub : scribing the quotas asalgned to Ihem," Wills declared, "and In aome 1 i aaes these people are not even ahow lug the proper respect to the solicit ors. Hraatlc action will be taken, if 1 need |)e. to force these shirker* to do their part." Show Disloyalty Chairman Wills aald that the num tier waa not large, but that aeveral large and Influential flrma were ] showltfg an attitude which tended to i prove their dlaloyalty to the country. Names of war loan slackers may ; be made public. If men who are able to aubacrlbe fall to fall In line, com ! mltteemen Indicated Thuraday. There la a atrong aentlinent In favor of amoklng out the slackers It wua pointed out that Seattle la In no ! mood to permit those moat able to aubacrlt»e to dodg# their rea|mnslhll Ity The race between Uie lied and the SEATTLE, WASH., THURSDAY. OCTOBER 3, 191 H. Follow Today's Action on This Map Great Battle on West Front Continues in Allies' Favor FIaAttDKKH KKONT The fighting front In Flanders now haa ■prMd from tW*mude. southward In a wide Mml (Irrlr to I>ens, a distance of CO mllM The < l»m«M yesterday begun a new re tlrement on th* lower third of thla front. between I«ens an<l Annan tieres. Already they have retreated two mllaa and are null falling Urk This apparently la ths first step In the evacuation of Bel (tan territory, reported to have bwn definitely decided upon by the (Serman staff nnr lima ago PICAIUIY MtO.VT The British resumed their attack north of Rt Quentln thin morning. evtdantly In an attempt to affect another breach In the Beaurevolr Foneomme subsidiary line, behind tha Hindenburg defense* where a break thru waa naarly accomplished yesterday. The Hermans restored the situation there by a desper ate counter attack, which closed up tha gap. and pushed the British back slightly The French attacking south of Ht. Quantln. sre nearlng the Olse river at llerthenlcourt. thus extending the northern encircling movement, which Is destined to pinch off the 8t Gobaln, Massif and Laon, In conjunction with tha thrust northward, west of Ithelms. I.A ITRKWIKIMH flWNT—Oen Berthelot. attacking north wast of Ithelms, has carried his line forward to within leas than three miles of Harry Au Bac, and leas than flee miles of Craonne Thla Is the companion movement to that south of Ht. Quentin. KIIKIMS-VKKni'N FRONT-Th* French drive In the Cham pagne region was resumed at dawn today. Yesterday's attacka re aulted In the capture of Chellerangr. on the western fringe of th* Argonne forest. In the region of Argonne. the Germans are re ported to tie falling hark before the Americana, between the Meuae and the Argonne forest. Hiue armies. which are representing different «ectlona of the city, la wax- In* k»n At the preeent state, the Hlue I* leading. The Red army has turned In the largcxt amount, hut aa their quota la murh larger than the aouth team, their showing liaa not been aa good I'p to laat night the Hed. or north, division. had turned In a total of • 1.*22.600. while the lllue. with h amnller quota, had accounted for 11401,150 Contrasted with the fullure of many big bualneaa men to aubaorlbe their quntiui. the Industrial and pay roll divisions report that (he working man of .Seattle are barking the loan loyally. Bubarriptlona by Skinner A Kddy employea now tolal $1,350,000. J. F Duthie workera are atlll coming ncroaa. and now have $211,000 to their credit. The subscriptions of the (Continued on p<Uf" *•> Bavarians Tired of Fighting for Kaiser WASHINGTON. Oct. S. German deaertera are e»caplng to Switzerland In large number*, Krench cablea re ported today. Because of the pressure In the Weat. (lerman troopa on the Swiss frontier have been replaced by Ha varlan landaturm. These have been In* In keeping the frontier cloaed. Bavarian offli-ers declare German morale la low. and aay they have had enough of fighting for the king of I'ruaala. Withdrawal From Belgium Certain as Huns Retreat on 20-Mile Front in Flan ders and Along Mease BERLIN, Via London, Oct 3.—Evacuation of the line between Armentieres and Lens was admitted by the German war office today. The retirement was car ried out Tuesday without fighting, the statement said. WASHINGTON. Oct. .I.—Turkish forces in Persia y have been ordered to withdraw on account of the Palestine disaster, according to Teheran reports reaching the state department today. The same message said the British probably will reoccupy the more important city of Baku. The withdrawal, the war office said, left Armentieres and Lens in the hands of the allies. "Yesterday evening the enemy followed over the Fleur Baix-La Bassee-Sullach line. "In the Cambrai region the day was quieter." Despite official announcement by Marshal Haig of a German withdrawal on the Armentieres-Lens line, no reference was made by the British commander to German evacuation of those towns. JUNKERS ALSO RETREATING IN THE REICHSTAG | New Chancellor Max a Liberal, Says Gerard; Turks Notify Kaiser THEY WILL~ASK PEACE fiT Catted Press Leeisd wwl I Direct to Tlto Star | m « IjONDOX. Oct. J.—There are Inrfkationa that the process of wiping out Ute militaristic and autocratic government of Ger many. which President Wilson der la red Is nereaaary before peace can be reached, la already ktftin. A-n Intereallng thing In connec tion with thla Is the report from Amsterdam, stating that the ma Jorlty members of the relrhstag have adopted the following program: Indorsement of the July (HIT) peace resolution; restoration of Bel glum. declaration of Germany's readlneas to )oln the league of na tions. autonomy for Alaace lxirralns and equal suffrage for Prussia. Gerard Says Max U "Stalking Horse" He Reads Emerson IjONDON, Oct. J—Prince Ma* of Itaden has been appointed German chancellor, succeeding Von Hertling. according to an Kxchang* Telegraph dispatch from Amsterdam today. Ijoß AKGRI.RfI. Oct. S—Germany haa sent out a stalking horse by ap pointing Prince Ma* of Baden to suc ceed Chancellor Hertling. In the opin ion of James W. Gerard, former American njnt>a»*«dor to (Sermany. And this stalking horse totes a copy of Kmerson's "Kssays" Instead of a gun. In the new German chan cellor, according to Gerard, the allies will find a new type of German statesman "Prince Ma* of Itaden la about 61 yenr* old. (all. well built, with brown hair and a brown muatache," Gerard told the I'nlted I'reaa today. "He la not the aon of the reigning grand duke of Baden, but la hla heir and will succeed him on the grand duke's death. He la a full general In the < lerman army, but haa not eh- Kaged In any specific military actlvl tlea In thla war Ncit Wooden Headed "In manner Pflnce Max la not Prussian not even German. He haa I none of the arrogance and wooden headedneaa which charwrterlxc mo«t of the ruling atateamen of German?. Hla mother waa a Huaalan, and that given him an International viewpoint. Turks Tell Kaiser They'll Ask Peace I/INDON. Oct. 3. Turkey haa no tified Germany that nhe Intends to propose peace to the alllea. a Zurich diapalch to the Dally N'ewa declarea. Germany la aald to have replied at aome length, partly In a menacing and partly In a pleading tone. Tur key'* decision la lielleved Imminent. The dlapatcli further aaya that Germany haa declared her Intention of occupying Bulgaria militarily. A Central New a dlapatch from Parla states, on the contrary, that the Turklah ministerial council haa derided to maintain the alliance with Germany and AuatrU-Hungai>. NIGHT EDITION TWO CENTS PER COPY Per J Mr, by Mill. II 00 to II M The evacuation of Belgium, hoped and fought for by the allies thru four bitter years, appeared to be under way today. The Germans are retreating on the 20-mile front be tween Armentieres and Lens, with the British following up closely. This retirement has already reached a maximum depth of two miles. The Germans have given up strongly organ ized positions, which they have maintained since trench war fare began and which rendered a portion of this sector the most thoroly stabilized on the whole northern part of the west front. The British, pressing forward on this front, are within about seven m'les of the important French industrial center of Lille, the civilian population of which is already leaving under orders of the Germans. Armentieres has been practically surrounded and its fall is expected hourly. The enemy is reported to be burning Roulers, at the apex of the Anglo-Belgian wedge farther north, which also has been nearly encircled. The progress of the allied armies has necessitated im mediate steps on the part of the enemy for the evacuation of the submarine bases of Ostend, Bruges and Zeebrugge, re gardless of any previous plans. Karller unofficial reports from va rious source* stated that a virtually compute withdrawal from Belgium lias been contemplated by tl>« Ger man high command for some time. Ketrnitai Alone the Mease Coincident with the reported with drawal In Belgium. the Hermans at the other extreme of the lon* battle front have begun a retrograde move ment between the Meine and the Ar gonne forest, according to staff dis patches from the American front- These stated the enemy la falling back from his advanced positions to the newly constructed Kitrimheldr fltellung line, which runs west of Grand Pre to the vlcinltr of Dam vtllera. Next In Importance to the Belgian situation appears to be the gigantic encircling movement which Is gradu ally pinching off the great St. Oobain massif. Oen. TJebeny, operating south of St. Quentin. Is reported to be advancing on the whole front be tween that city and U Kere as the northern half of this encircling move ment. To the south. Gen. Berthelot Is add ing to the enemy's danger by striking northward, west of Rhetms. His troops are now less than five miles south of Craonne. French experts see as a result of this pincers operation, made possible thru the capture of St. Quetitin. an immense German retreat, extending from east of ln the Champagne region. Challernnge, which forms one of the Germans' principal defenses on the western fringe of the Argonne forest, has been captured. Marshal Ila Ik renewed hi* at tacka north of St. Quentln thin morn inn. where yesterday the British nearly effected a break thru by smashing a breach thru the Beaure voir- Konsomme subsidiary defense line. A counter attack yesterday closed up the hole and won Iwck Se> qtirhfirt for the enemy. Hals appar ently. la determined not to permit the Germans to consolidate their positions there. The fall of Damascus, officially an nounced yesterday, added 7.500 pris oner* to Gen. Allenhy'a haul In Pales tine, making the total 67,000 Krltish and Arab forces, aft»-r capture of that city, pushed rapidly northward, with Aleppo, nearly »'OO miles farther on. as their obvious objective Seln use of the latter city will Rive the llritlsh control of the railways from Damascus and ltagdnd to Constantl nople. F. L. L. Prussian* Adopt Suffrage Plank COPENHAGEN. Oct 3.-—The nut frage commit tor of the Prussian upper house has adopted the gov Vn|ient proposal. granting a hup plomontary vote to those citizens 40 yearn of a«e and older, according to a Merlin dispatch todd). BRITISH FOLLOW CLOSELY AFTER FLEEING ENEMY WITH THK BKITINH AR. MIIX IN FRANCE. Oct. 3. British troop* smashing into the <German lines on an 11-mile front north of St Quenttn today, wrest ed the villages of Le Catelet, dotty, Ramicourt and Sequesart back from the Germans. They took 1,000 additional prisoners. LAMDON, Oct. 3 —The tier mans are retreating on the 70- mile front between Armentieres and liens. Held Marshal Haig an nounced today. They are evacu ating highly organized positions which they iiad held since tbO beginning of trench warfare. The retirement already has reass ert a maximum depth of two miles, and the British advance is continu ing. The Germans have fallen back to the line of Cite St. Augustc. Pauvrin. east of La Bassee, east of Aubers and west of Bois Grenier. •Cite St. ls n mile directly north of Lens. Dauvrin is a mile and a quarter southeast of Iji Bus see Aubers Is four miles north of I>a Bassee. Bols Grenier is two miles directly south of Armentieres.) The British ultack north of St. Quentin was resumed this morning. "Progress made by the allied offen sives In Flanders and before Cambrai and St. Quentln, combined with the losses Incurred by his troops in their enUcHvors to resist the allied attacks, has compelled the enemy to uhder take an extensive withdrawal,", the statement said. "From l.ens to Armentleres tfie en emy Is evacuating highly organised positions which he has held sinr* the commencement of trench wfgfore. and which hitherto were defended with the utmost resolution. This not unex|>ected movement is being fol lowed up by our troops, who are maintaining constant touch with the German rear gumd and are Inflicting many casualties and taking prison ers. F. FAIR RENTALS BOARD TO MEET The first meeting: of the fair rent a's commission appointed by the fed eral government to take evidence against profiteering landlord®, will l>e hedl at 909 Securities building. Third ave. and Stewart st.. Thursday, at 8 p. m.