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N**ap«p«r W.n t#rj«n««« Amu. fend ITnlttxl rr«M Wer\ »c%. Now Reduce the Railroad Rates THE "RAILROAD LABOR BOARD has cut the pay of railroad_ employes about $ 100,000,000 a year, or an average of about 12 per cent. This is two-thirds of the last increase which was granted the employes 14 months ago to meet the high cost of living, and is supposed to represent the re duction in the cost of living since that time. Now that the labor board, after months of investigation, has taken the first step toward bringing the railroads back to normalcy, it is clearly up to the in terstate commerce commission to take the next and final step. That step is the reduction of freight and passenger rates to the point where both classes of traffic will be stimulated instead of being practically sup pressed as they are note. It seems to be the unanimous opinion of the business experts of the country that one of the most important factors in the industrial depression is the out rageously high freight and passenger rates. These rates were based upon the high wage rates, which have now been re duced. The only excuse that ever existed for the last big jump in freight and passen ger rates has now been removed. If the interstate commerce commission fails to act promptlv in the way that is so clearly indicated by the situation, the public will get no benefit from the sacrifice which the railroad employes are called upon to make. All of the benefit would accrue to the owners of railroad stock. It is important that the financial integrity of the railroads be maintained. But it is even more important that the business of the country generally be re lieved at the earliest possible time of the terrific burden of the existing abnor mal rates. Letters to the Editor— bonds pay no TAXES HERB Editor The Star: Permit me to Correct your correspondent who sl K n* himself "Veritas" in your issue of j ur ,e 2. in which he infers that Investment in bonds in this state are subject to state taxation. The statements of "Veritas" are not in accord with verity. parUcular ly when your correspondent says tltat "the conclusion that bonds do Hoi pay taxes has no foundation in fact" When buy* IS.OOO In • per cent bonds "Veritas" cannot show srhere one cent of either the prln dps| or Income on the said bonds U taxed by the state. When "Veil tas" stateh that the collateral per aonal property is taxed he is either off the track or simply trying to throw dust in your eyes. This tax is paid by the owner of the collateral and NOT BY "A." The owner of the bond at no times shares the tax burden with the owner of the col lateriaL The bond partakes of the nature of additional capitalisation and Should Justly be taxed as such. If "A" had <3OO Invested In bonds will "Veritas" pleass state the amount of taxes, if any. that A pays on such bonds in the Stale of Washington. If "Veritas" is true to form he vlll admit that "A" pays not one cent of tax on his investment to the state "Veritah" asks "When A buys $3,000 in bonds would it be Just to him for something he no longer 1 possesses" This question is an ab surdity for the simple reason that "A" Is assumed to possess nnd con trol a bond to the value of $l,OOO If "Veritas." being a foolish Imestor. Is not sure of the value of his in vestment. then let "Veritas" figure this out: If. as you argue. it la not Just to tax the Investor in bonds be cause he no longer controls the funds with which he purchased the bonds. Is it not equally unjust to tax the Investor In real estate for the same reason? What is sauce for the gwe la sauce for the gander, friend "Veri tas." Real estate should not bear the entire burden of taxation and other personal Investments be per mitted to escape their Just share. Your bonds are "slacker" Invest ments as far as state taxation is concerned. A state income tax Is the only so lution of our present tax difficulties. The Income tax assesses all forms Of Investments equally and equita bly. Let "Veritas" be fair or "use his head a little." JUSTUS. • • • "A VOTER'S" OyiJA BOAKI) AIX WRONG? Editor The Btar: As a persistent reader of The Star for many yam •nd knowing your desire for »he truth in all matter*. I beg permis sion to reply to the letter printed In your columns last night. June 6. under the caption of "Charge** F'o titical Move by Auditor" and signed "A Voter." I am a brother of the "chief dep uty" mentioned, and being the only brother he has. I am amumlng that Mr. "A Voter" refers directly to me. I want to assure Mr. Voter now that County Auditor D. E. Ferguson has not honored me with the offer of the position of chief custodian of voting machines, and, of my own intimate knowledge, I know that he does not expect to. and further, that he never had such an intention. Mr. Ferguson has demonstrated his ability to conduct his office In a etrictly business manner without the necessity of resorting to such petty politics as Mr. Voter refer* to. No. Mr. Voter, you have evidently been crystal-gazing, or possibly your oulja board has had a bad night—better try again. A. B. FAKIB, f,:iU 6th N. E. • • • S*»MMKNI)S EIGHT OIMMX SYSTEM Editor The Htur; The writer has been *\t(ilint of Seattle for 14 years, is a good booster and very loyal. I own a good home there and have some vacant property, all of which has been taxed and taxed to death. I have booster literature, but when the question of taxation comes up la* It always does) ft takes the starch out of all argument* and put* us "trlc-tly In the Joke column. The buidi-n of this letter I* to commend you for your fight on taxation. Our assessments In the past have been bad enough, but when the strain is perpetuated to the point of almost confiscation, il Is time something l« atid something must he done flflO. A. WKBHTKR, l Houston, Tcxaa. The Seattle Star l»y mail. ©vt of city. Hf pmr month I montha. |l tfl f months |f.7l. yoar, • M In th« «tata nf WMhlniton Outild* of lh» atato. Mr por month, t« M for • month*, or H M p»r y+mr. fly carrier, oUjr, lie • month The Main Issue in Taxes REDUCTION of costs and the elimination of waste in public expenditures, essential as they are, are "inci dental to the main issue, which is a substitution of a tax system for the single tax on real estate to relieve the unjust burden on the home owner." This is the conclusion of Prof. Frank J. Laube, of the University of Washington, one of the best posted students of taxation in this state. He addressed the Ileal Estate as sociation yesterday. And Laulte is absolutely right. The name of the small home owner has been used often and loudly lately—and frequently by those who are far from belonging to the small home owner class. It is essential for the small home owner to know that a reduction of 10 or 20 mills, which is the most to be hoped for, cannot do him substantial good. It is doubtful if that much will be cut off in the expenditures. It is doubtful if more than that CAN \te cut. The small home owner's chief hope is in a revision of the tax system, so that the burden of taxes will not fall on his shoulders way out of proportion to his wealth. The tax system must tie changed so that men with big incomes shall not escape their just proportion of the taxes merely because they put their money in various investments other than the purchase of real .estate. The widow's sewing machine pays taxes. The banker's cash does not These inequalities must be remedied. THE proposed "overturn sales tax," according to Its op ponents, would give big business an unfair advantage over small manufacturers. Take the case of a small concern making steel products. Here's what would happen to it: Mine sells iron ore to jobber—and pays a sales tax. Jobber sells ore to blast furnace. Second sales tax. Furnace sells pig iron to jobber. Third sales tax. Jobber sells pig iron to small steel mill. Fourth sales tax. Mill sells steel billets to small manufacturer of steel products. Fifth sales tax. Mine sells coal to jobber. Sixth sales tax. Jobber sells coal to coke oven. Seventh sales tax. Oven sells coke to blast furnace, 1 steel billet maker and manufacturer of finished products. Three more sales taxes. Ten sales taxes in all! They are passed on to the small manufacturer of atcel sheets, cold-rolled shafting, etc. While he in turn passes them on to his customers, still these 10 sales taxes become a part of his production costs and increase the minimum price at which he can sell. On the other hand, take an outfit like the U. S. Steel corporation. In large part, it owns and mines its own coal and iron ore, makes its own coke, pig iron, steel billets and finished products. No sales tax would appear in U. S. Steel's production costs. Result: U. S. Steel could undersell the small manufac turer whose costs would include at least 10 sales taxes. — .- ■■-"M uini mill r>Cl| wiah th« akin shrank, and it* power of Htnaual gratification !<•»** md! How many times, a* his pleasure began to pall upon him, must Faust have regretted his bargain! If there Is any Justification of the exploitation of the Idea of a bargain with the devil, either In the opera of Faust or In a novel or in the movies, it is the plain lesson at the end that the sort of bargain which the devli offers does not pay. But there Is one mistake which men often make with regard to this matter, which Is in supposing that this Is the real way In which the thing is done. A* a matter of fact, men sell themselves unconsciously and for very much less than the devil is supposed to offer in any of thtse works of flcUon * Read the story of the next scandal with murder following It, as It shall appear in this paper, and find, If you are curious, when the bargain with the devil was made and In what sort the devil paid. For the devil pays. Judas got his thirty pieces of silver; Faust had Marguerite. But the devil is even more prompt In his collection*. If >ou do not believe It, read the Bible or the dally papers. The reward of sin is death. The devil gets his due. But how little does the man get who sells out to the devil! Try Thi# on Your Wise Friend 25 men build a factory in 52 days, each laying 1,800 bricks per day. If bricks were hauled by 16 teams and there were 975 bricks in each load, how many loads did each team haul? Anawcr to yoHterday'a: G3 bopes. Sales Tax Joker The Story of Faust BY OR. WIIJJAM R. BARTON ORE than one writer has been fascinated by the Ides of selling one's soul to the devil. Indeed, that thought has served as the basis of many a poem and plot. The idea is that of a man bargaining his soul to Satan for all eternity on condition that for a limited period he may enjoy all possible pleasure. The thought is most familiar, perhaps. In the tragedy of Faust; but that was neither the beginning nor the end of it You may find the Idea In the Arabian Nights; and no one knows how old the roots of that literature may be Balzac in "The Magic Skin" portrayed It Oscar Wilde had the essential idea Ui "Dorian Gray." Stevenson had It In his "Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde." All these authors were honest enough to show that. In the end, the game was not worth the candle. Imagine the terror of the possessor of all the wishes of the "Magic Skin" as he realized that with every SETH TANNER IMiMloho-l Polly by Tho Star ruMlahlnn <'•. Phono Mala MM. Th" way u» th" |irdn>lrton to hint. All Ihrsr 'houl til' hunlrnn n' wi«llli In raurr roiiml In' I' III' poor than truthful I' th' rich. InmilrW Dteoorter- TODAY'S QI'KMTION Do yon think Seattle ought to have a curfew bell to ring the chil dren home at t p m? ANMWKKA K. It. IIOINiMAN. 9212 flat ave. W.: "I think It would be a very good thing." MM. KAKI. V. JOHNSON. 1427 K. rike at.: "I aurely do " K. S KIMIIAI.L. 1*47 Renton at. ! "Say, brother, you've Just Interrupt ed an argument over where we can get a drink. Find out and phone me later. 1 don't give • darn about curfew * FRANK M. LTNCH, 4«S Roy at "No. I dont think ao—not In the aummer month*. I.efa give the klda TTTF SEATTLE STAR qA success over night. The New Improved Gillette Patented January 13th, 1910 Every one remembers the old carbon filament lamp, with its yellow slow—a tremendous advance over previous lighting methods. You remember, too, what happened when inventive genius @1 discovered the tungsten filament, with its radiant whit* light! r | ''HE world goes along for years doing things the same old way. JL Then comes some invention that carries all civilization to a new and higher plane of living. The modern shave is the creation of the Gillette Safety Razor and Blades. Twenty years ago the old-type Gillette swept into every part of „ the world. It called into being a world-wide organization* The New Improved Today it is superseded by the New Improved Gillette Safety Razor Gillette safety razor —the latest and finest result of Gillette experience, the first shaving u«m th. Mme fin* oiiictte Blade. a< instrument of precision ever produced or even dreamed of. you have known for yean—but now u^oflhe"n«" rh v . e v,ng'^ige h in'S£ Measured by the precision of the New Gillette —any other razor world. Identify the New Improved , , , , cuiette by tu . you ve ever known is crude. Fulcrum Shoulder You'll see what it means to your shaving the minute you pick Micrometric Precuio* up a New Improved Gillette at your druggist's, hardware merchant's, Knurftd Handle jeweler, sporting goods dealer, haberdasher's or men's department— Diamond Trademark on guard any one of 250,000 Gillette dealers the world over. Finer Shave Longer Bervlce More Shave* tram your Blade* en vrcn j r~™ r» NOTE:—The GiUette Company assumes full responsibility for the ter* In SILVER and "OLD a f Gillette Blades when used in any GENUINE Gillette Razor- Sliavtng Sett and Traveler Outfit* y old-type or New Improved Gillette. But with IMITATIONS of $5 to $75 ,lte K rnu ' ne Gillette, it cannot take responsibility for service of Blades. J, GILLETTE SAFETY RAZOR COMPANY, BOSTON, U.S. A (GriliCTrefflt, Boston Montreal Milan Sydney Tokyo New York London Amsterdam Singapore Madrid Chicago Geneva Port Elizabeth Calcutta Brussels San Francisco Paris Rio de Janeiro Constantinople Copenhagen Shanghai Buenos Ayrti • QitofttieValloy ky 9«« fttviW <Chrl*ty Mathewaon In reported on Here'* liMneball newn that haw a thrill (Greater than any that I know, T'dlnga of happlm-H* to fill The brcaata of rooter* high and low: Llaten, and let your face* glow At thin brave newn from Haranar, Three loud and lusty « he«»ra let'* r ft They aay ftlg Hi* I* corning buck! Matty, whoae brain* and nerve and ak II We nil were rcmly to awlalm Miitty, nhiiw niim'' will who hi 111 A(I own th« hajo-tmll lihllh of fnmr Ho long h* men ri-ciill lh« ttumt*- — Matty I* on thp upward truck Our hinrt* l<up with a Joyoo* flinn* They »«y Ilig 8I« I* comin* bark! a nhanr* to piny * lltil* bit." U K. MKTZOKR, «536 Dlbbk *ve "It'g <i fine ld».», Mltho my children don't need It," REMARKABLE REMARKS t There can be no more deflation The end la reached Henator Owen, Oklahoma. ■e e a Good lighting brlnga Increased hualnena, greater civic pride, lea* crime and new Induatrlea-National Electric I.lght Association. a • • The hlgheat type of Intellectual ef th# road to n-ooviry.) Jilsenae could not (juif<* break the will That nhw him thru hi* icame* of yorf; What tho he lay there, broken, 111. Ha only ernlled and fought the more And now It Mir* ua to the rore To heur he'* beaten /l«Hh'* attack. Come, let the atandn and bleacher* roar: I They aay Mat Hl* 1a coming hack! Here'* to you. f?hrl*ty, day by day May you regain the atrengih you lack. And n« ver do a fadeaway— I Thry my Big Hl* la coming back! fort la attained by the man who Uvea among mfn not by the reoluae who KhutM himself off from hi* fel low men.- I'rof. Charles K. Schwartz, ! Johns Hopkins University. • • • The question of future petroleum aupptle* an<J the efforts of foreign era to exclude Uila country hua de veloped a very re.il problem.—Wal ter C. Teagle, president, Htund/ird Oil Com puny of New Jersey. • • • The ooatume of young women of todiiy la extraordinarily healthful. 1 think young ludlea ahould be oongrat ulated on winning the battle of the abort skirt - Pr. Wood* Hulcfelnson, New York phyaiclan. Ham and egg* at Boldt'a. —Adver- ttsement. $l,OOO IN CASH Will Be Given in the Photoplay Title Contest ■fOPPe*. JL JLI What Photoplay is This? See The Post-Intelligencer Tomorrow For Full Information Read the Daily and Sunday / TITTRFTOAY, JITNE !», 1921.